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Who Can Benefit From Personalized Medicine


									Personalized medicine is a combination of scientific study of genomics
and pharmacology. Often, it is referred to as genomic medicine or
genomic-based medicine. It should not be confused with genetic medicine
as genetics is the study of heredity, and is already been an established
field of scientific study. Genetic medicine investigates genes and their
impact in relation to biology and medicine. Among the diseases it
examines are the single cell genetic diseases-”such as dystrophy and
cystic fibrosis-”and sickle cell anemia.      Genomic medicine, on the
other hand, is an emerging science and focuses on more complex health and
physical disorders such as cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease,
macular degeneration, diabetes and cancers. With the combine science of
pharmacology and genomics, the scientists are able to understand clearly
and with depth that since these illnesses have strong multi-gene
composition, and in many cases, might be triggered by errors between
genes in the DNA, they are better understood in a whole genome approach.

  While the medical and scientific institutions, with the help of
research and discovery are able to treat some of diseases we encountered,
we are still threatened by many more complex diseases. Diseases to which
most of us are predisposed are conceived to be caused by genetic and
other factors, tend to be chronic, and thus cause a significant burden on
us and to the healthcare providers as well. However, with genomic
medicine, both the healthcare system and physicians are equipped with the
best tools and knowledge to combat such chronic diseases, and treat them
more efficaciously than ever before.      Because it is dubbed as
personalized medicine, it does not necessarily follow that only sick
people can benefit from it. Genomic medicine focuses on wellness and
disease prevention especially that a person's genome influences his or
her likeliness of contracting or not contracting medical conditions.
Thus, genomic-based medicine can benefit everyone. For instance, if an
individual's genomic information reveals higher risks of contracting
cancer or heart problems, then that individual may choose a lifestyle,
diet, supplement or medication that could regulate his health and
wellness, over which he has control. In terms of long-term effects,
genomic medicine can help people make choices on the kind of lifestyle
that would help them counteract the biological risk.      As of now,
personalized medicine can help individuals determine their vulnerability
in contracting a few of specific health conditions such as cancer,
obesity, diabetes, neurodegenerative disease, cardiovascular disease,
neuropsychiatric disorders and cancer. In addition, scientists are
actively examining the genomic and genetic mechanisms behind the diverse
health conditions like the infectious diseases including HIV/AIDs to
common cold, ovarian cancer, cardiovascular illness, diabetes, metabolic
abnormalities, adverse drug reactions, environmental exposure to toxins,
diabetes and neuropsychiatric conditions like the epilepsy.       There
are institutions which conduct genetic profiling for individuals who may
have higher risks of developing any of diseases mentioned above. With
genetic profiling, physicians can better discern subgroups of patients
inflicted with certain diseases, and thus guide them to formulate drug
therapies that are predictive and preventative. Personalized medicine can
provide the best treatment protocol and prevent the risks of experiencing
adverse reactions.     
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