Visual Timetables - TrustNET - The Learning Trust by lanyuehua


									5. Children who have difficultly                       More Information
   grasping the concept of time.                                                                 Visual Timetables
   Children will be able to see that the       Talk to your Specialist Teacher, Early
   day is a series of events. They will       Support Officer or Speech and Language
   begin to understand that each             Therapist for more information about using
   activity lasts a specific amount of                    visual timetables.               What is a visual timetable?
                                                                                           A visual timetable shows a child
6. Children who have difficulty                                                            what is happening during a
   sequencing events. The                                                                  session at school (and at
   timetable provides a meaningful                                                         home) using pictures or
   focus for language work, ‘What are
   you going to do first/now/next/last?
   What did you do this morning?’
   Children can be encouraged to read                                                      It is usually about 15cms by
   top to bottom and left to right.                                                        60cms (sizes vary according to
                                                                                           need, ability and space). A
7. Children who need help to                                                               strip of Velcro runs down the
   organise their time. Help                                                               centre. The
   children see that they will need to get                                                 timetable can be
   on with work, as they have more
   activities to do.
                                                                                           vertical or
8. Children who cannot cope                               Inclusion Team
   with change. A child can be                                                             Small photographs
   taught to anticipate changes and be                    The Learning Trust               or symbols are
   prepared for them. Changes in                           1 Reading Lane
                                                                                           placed on the
   familiar routines can be talked about                   Hackney E8 1GQ                  timetable to
   through the timetable and referred to                                                   represent the activities for a session.
   regularly to help the child accept the               Phone: 020 8820 7326
   change.                                              Fax: 020 8820 7446                 A small ‘finished’ box is stuck on the

                                                                                           The timetable can be used with the
                                                                                           whole class and individual children.
How does the adult use a visual              How does the child use a visual            Who can benefit from using a
timetable?                                   timetable?                                 visual timetable?

An adult places pictures on the              With only as much support as               1. Children who have no
timetable to represent the session.          necessary a child will look at the            language, language
It is recommended that no more               timetable at the beginning of each            difficulties, have English
than 6 pictures be placed on the             session to check what they have to            as an Additional Language
timetable at once. For some                  do.                                           or are Deaf or Partially
children just 1 or 2 pictures may                                                          Hearing. Adults have a visual
be used initially. The timetable is          If necessary the adult will talk through      means to show children what is
usually stuck on the wall where it           the whole session with the child              happening.
is visible and accessible to the             taking the opportunity to use
child.                                       sequencing language (now, then,            2. Children who are not
                                             next, finally etc).                           working independently.
                                                                                           Children can see for themselves
Examples of sessions in class for
                                                                                           what to do rather than constantly
a variety of abilities and ages:             The child will then do the first thing        asking the teacher.
   hang up coat, say hello to adults,       on the timetable. When the activity is
    sand tray, drawing activity, toilet,     finished the child will go, or be taken,
    outside play                                                                        3. Children who find it
                                             to the timetable. The child will take         difficult to cooperate with
   register, assembly, literacy,
    finishing work, playtime.
                                             the symbol off the timetable, place it        the class routines, stay on
   carpet time, counting activity,          in the finished box and look to see           task or attend for long
    choosing, toilet, wash hands,            what to do next.                              periods of time. A child may
    lunch                                                                                  be persuaded to cooperate if they
   register, PE, storytime, hometime        If necessary the adult helps the child        can see that the task has an end
                                             see what is going to happen next.             and something they like will
Timetables can be broken up into                                                           follow.
curriculum areas if necessary, A             At the end of each session the adult
literacy session may look like this:         will place the next session’s cards.       4. Children with memory
     whole class story, writing at table,                                                 problems. Visual timetables
      group reading, handwriting,                                                          help children remember
      plenary                                                                              instructions and so be able to get
                                                                                           on with work independently.

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