San Mateo County Safe Routes to School

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					                     S a n M ate o Co u nt y

San Mateo County
      Safe Routes to School




                                           Program Guide
                                              Fall 2011
         S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e
                                        Preface

The San Mateo County Safe Routes to School (SR2S) Program is a new countywide initiative, begun
in 2010, to help develop and implement priority projects and programs that will enable school
children and families to walk, bicycle, and carpool more often to school. The overall goal is to make
San Mateo County a healthier, safer, more sustainable and environmentally sound community
with improved air quality and less traffic congestion by reducing the number of school-related
automobile trips.

Early development of the program has included staff input from multiple agencies throughout the
education, public health, and transportation fields, and assistance from local jurisdictions and law
enforcement. The San Mateo County Office of Education (SMCOE) is designated to serve as the
lead agency for implementation of SR2S projects and programs. The City/County Association of
Governments of San Mateo County (C/CAG) is the fiscal agent responsible for administering funds
for the SR2S Program.

The intent of the San Mateo County Safe Routes to School Program Guide is to provide a menu
of programs and activities that have proven successful in other Safe Routes programs, and
informational resources to begin implementation throughout the County. The Guide will help
inform leaders in schools and agencies; motivate and encourage participation by parents,
caregivers, and other school champions; and generate ideas and discussion for applying
countywide program and project funds to local school needs and conditions.

This Guide is designed around five major themes: Education, Encouragement, Enforcement,
Engineering, and Evaluation. A summary of benefits and priority strategies are provided under
each theme, as well as links to additional online resources. Standardized survey materials for
evaluating and improving the Safe Routes to School program are also provided in an appendix.


San Mateo County Safe Routes to School program website:
www.smcoe.k12.ca.us/SR2S



Developed by: Alta Planning + Design
Table of Contents

                                                                                        SECTION

   Introduction.............................................................................. 1


   Education.................................................................................. 2
          Classroom Curriculum & Skills Training
          Bicycle Rodeos
          School Traffic Safety Campaign

   Encouragement........................................................................ 3
         Walking School Bus/Bike Train
         School Pool
         Competitions and Incentives
         Back to School ‘Blitz’
         Other Encouragement Activities

   Enforcement............................................................................. 4
          Crossing Guards
          Speed Watch/Feedback Signs
          Other Enforcement Activities

   Engineering (& Operations).................................................... 5
         Walking Audits
         School Drop Off/Pick Up

   Evaluation................................................................................. 6
          Student Hand Tallies
          Parent Surveys

   Appendix A: Key Forms................................................................... A
         (National Standardized) Student Hand Tally Survey
        (MTC Standardized) 2011-2012 Parent Survey
         (Suggested) Walk Audit Checklist
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       1. Introduction




What is Safe Routes to School?
Safe Routes to School (SR2S) is a program that promotes        (i.e., non-capital outlay) activities. Additional funding is also
walking and bicycling to school, and improving traffic         provided by Measure M, the $10 vehicle registration fee
safety around school areas through education, incentives,      approved by the voters of San Mateo County in November
law enforcement, and engineering measures.                     2010 for congestion and pollution mitigation.To ensure
                                                               close coordination with school districts and school staff,
Among the goals of SR2S programs are improved child            the San Mateo County Office of Education (SMCOE) has
safety, integration of physical activity into the everyday     been designated by C/CAG to serve as the lead agency for
routine of children, and decreased traffic and air pollution   administering the new Safe Routes program.
associated with school drop-offs and pick-ups. A multi-
disciplinary effort that requires strong partnerships          The San Mateo County program will complement and help
between municipalities, school districts, parents and law      expand a number of local SR2S efforts and partnerships
enforcement agencies, the most successful Safe Routes to       that are already in place. The Menlo Park City School
School programs are a combination of active volunteerism       District has run SR2S programs in its elementary schools
and ongoing funding.                                           for many years, and numerous other cities have been able
                                                               to receive funding for capital improvements from the state
San Mateo County’s SR2S Program                                SR2S program, including over $1.25 million for the City of
The San Mateo County Safe Routes to School (SR2S)              East Palo Alto. The ‘Get Healthy San Mateo County’ school
program is a new countywide effort initiated by the City/      wellness initiative has been engaging school districts
County Association of Governments of San Mateo County          on how to promote physical activity, while a unique
(C/CAG), the County’s congestion management agency.            partnership between Redwood City 2020 (www.rwc2020.
Funding is provided primarily through the Metropolitan         org), the Sequoia Healthcare District, and the Redwood
Transportation Commission (MTC)’s Climate Initiatives          City School District recently implemented a walking
Program and includes $1.4 million for non-infrastructure       school bus program at the Fair Oaks Elementary School,


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                                                                     Why Safe Routes?
                                                                     To understand the many potential benefits of a successful
                                                                     Safe Routes to School program, it is helpful to review the
                                                                     conditions that led to the programs’ development in the
                                                                     first place.

                                                                     Consider these facts:
                                                                     •   Within the span of a single generation, the number of
                                                                         children walking and bicycling to school has dramatically
                                                                         declined. In 1969, nearly half of all children walked or
                                                                         biked to school, including 87% of those living within a
                                                                         mile of their school. Today, fewer than 15% of children
                                                                         nationwide walk or bike to school. (Centers for Disease
                                                                         Control and Prevention - CDCP)
                                                                     •   One-quarter of children aged 9-13 lead a sedentary
                                                                         lifestyle, and nearly two-thirds do not participate in any
                                                                         organized physical activity (CDCP)
with hopes for expansion to other schools soon. Nearly
one-third of all school districts in the county are already
                                                                     • Rates of severe childhood obesity are three times higher
                                                                         than they were 30 years ago, putting children at higher
participating in “International Walk to School Day,” which
                                                                         risk of premature death and several chronic diseases
takes place every fall.
                                                                         (CDCP)
                                                                     • Despite relatively low levels of non-motorized activity,
History                                                                  bicycle collisions are the 5th leading cause of hospitalized
The first Safe Routes to School programs were developed                  injuries for kids aged 5-12 in California. Pedestrian
in Europe during the 1970s and 1980s as communities                      collisions are the 4th leading cause of injuries and the
began to notice that children were no longer walking and                 3rd leading cause of fatalities for the same group
bicycling to school. These early efforts inspired similar                (California Injury Prevention Network)
programs in Australia, New Zealand and Canada, while in
the United States “pilot” SR2S programs began in the late            As the numbers indicate, there is a health epidemic among
1990s in New York City, Arlington (MA), and Marin County             U.S. children. This epidemic poses both chronic (disease)
(CA). California developed its own statewide program in              and acute (injury) risks, and while composed of various
1999, and in 2005 Congress included a national Safe Routes           and complex factors is clearly linked to reduced physical
to School (SRTS)1 program as part of the reauthorization             activity. The rise of Safe Routes to School programs is one
of federal highway legislation. In the first five years of           indication that things may be changing for the better.
the federal program, over $612 million of SRTS funds
complemented local and state efforts, such that now all              Converting more school trips to walking and biking is also
fifty states have a Safe Routes to School coordinator and            a cost- effective way to reduce peak period congestion and
grant program.                                                       improve local air quality. As much as 20% to 30% of morning
                                                                     rush hour traffic can be attributed to parents driving their
                                                                     children to school in many communities. When many of
                                                                     these same vehicles sit idling for minutes during pick-up
                                                                     and drop-off periods, school children and employees are

1
 Note: The acronym “SRTS” is specific to the federal Safe Routes to School program, as opposed to “SR2S” which is used by the State of
California, Bay Area, and San Mateo County programs. This difference is generally not important except when applying for potential grant
assistance (where various federal and/or state and local eligibility rules and requirements may apply).

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exposed to higher levels of pollutants associated with
increased asthma rates and other respiratory problems.
Small children are particularly vulnerable to air pollution
since their lungs are still developing and they breathe
more frequently relative to older adults.

Beyond traffic safety and public health, there are a number
of other equally significant (if difficult to measure) benefits
of successful Safe Routes to School programs. Several
studies, including a comprehensive study of California
students, indicate that there is a strong positive relationship
between physical fitness and academic achievement
– which is supported by scientific brain research. Also,
since SR2S efforts tend to deepen relationships among
neighbors and between parents and law enforcement
officials, benefits can often extend beyond the school
commute into issues such as greater public safety
and neighborhood cohesiveness. Lastly, a Safe Routes
planning process that engages community stakeholders
and builds consensus around priorities can ensure that
specific traffic, pedestrian, and bicycle improvements are
eligible for state, federal and other grant funding sources
that may otherwise not be available (and as funding for
school bus service may be dwindling or cut due to ever-
tightening local budgets).

Purpose of the Guide
This guide has been developed as a resource for local
parents, teachers, school administrators, public health
professionals, city staff, and others looking to develop or
expand a Safe Routes to School program or project in San
Mateo County. The document provides a menu of strategies          Let’s Start Walking & Rolling!
and activities to implement various non-infrastructure            If you are reading this guide it is because you care about the
components of a SR2S program and resources to identify            safety and health of students, families and communities
and plan for engineering improvements in order to make            in San Mateo County. Thank you for your interest and
walking and bicycling to school a safe and easy choice.           participation in this important and exciting program!
The document is organized according to the Five E’s of
transportation planning - Education, Encouragement,               More information about current Safe Routes to School
Enforcement, Engineering (and Operations), and                    activities and resources is available at the San Mateo
Evaluation - all of which are necessary to develop and            County Office of Education’s program website (www.
sustain a successful program. A short summary description         smcoe.k12.ca.us/SR2S) or by contacting Peter Burchyns
of each ‘E’ is provided at the beginning of the relevant          at pburchyns@smcoe.k12.ca.us or (650) 802-5563.
section.




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2. Education


Education programs are an essential component of a Safe Routes to School effort. They generally include
outreach to students, parents and guardians, and motorists. Students are taught bicycle, pedestrian and
traffic safety skills both in and out of the classroom. Adults receive information on transportation options
and driving safely near schools.

Pedestrian and bicycle safety education helps each child understand basic traffic laws and safety rules,
such as sign identification and when and how to use a crosswalk appropriately. Curriculum-based lessons
can also help students understand the benefits of non-motorized transportation and be a fun way to
apply information learned through health or science lessons.

Bicycle safety training is normally appropriate beginning in or after the third grade and helps children
understand how to properly fit and maintain their bike along with riding safely in a variety of traffic
situations. These trainings also stress that bicyclists have the same responsibilities as motorists to obey
traffic laws.

The following educational activities are “staples” of successful Safe Routes programs and provide a
foundation for all future Safe Routes activities and programs.




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    Education            CLASSROOM CURRICULUM & SKILLS TRAINING

Overview
A variety of existing in-classroom lessons and skills
training activities are available to help teach students
about walking, bicycling, health and traffic safety. These
can include lessons given by law enforcement officers
or other trained professionals, or lessons delivered by
teachers. Example topic lessons are: Safe Street Crossing,
Helmet Safety, Rules of the Road for Bicycles, and Health
and Environmental Benefits of Walking and Biking.

Benefits
•   One of the quickest and easiest ways to ensure all
    children receive important information on the safety
    basics and benefits of walking and bicycling                  School assemblies are one way to relay important information about safe walking
•   Flexible activities can accommodate a variety of time/        and bicycling habits, and rules of the road. These events often require imaginative
    space constraints and grade levels                            props and special characters to keep the program interesting to students.
•   Helps institutionalize pedestrian and bicycle safety as
    a priority life skill (similar to home economics or driver
    education)
•   Complements environmental lessons and physical
    fitness/health activities with information and training      In-Classroom Lessons
    on the importance of good travel habits                      Lessons offered at different grade levels during class time
                                                                 provide a comprehensive approach to delivering SR2S
Steps to Take                                                    curriculum. Ideally, safety education builds from year
                                                                 to year, beginning each year with a review of previously
Assemblies
                                                                 covered lessons. Limiting messages to one or two issues
When incorporating safety education during the
                                                                 keeps them clear and concise. Schools with limited time
school day, there are options. An assembly can provide
                                                                 can focus on one or two grades, such as 2nd and 4th grade
information to the whole school at once; the challenge is
                                                                 in elementary school and 6th grade in middle school.
to meet the interest and skill levels of every grade. If you
choose to use assemblies, splitting the grades into K-2
                                                                 Classroom educational materials should be presented
and 3-5 is recommended. Including funny characters and
                                                                 in a variety of formats (safety videos, printed materials,
students to play helpful roles can often make assemblies
                                                                 classroom activities, and hands-on drills and practice), and
more engaging and memorable. Sample characters
                                                                 should be continually updated to make use of the most
include “Chipper” the California Highway Patrol mascot,
                                                                 recent educational tools available. Classroom education
ASIMO “the world’s most advanced humanoid walking
                                                                 programs should also be expanded to promote the health
robot,” and Zozo, a Jim Henson-inspired character who
                                                                 and environmental benefits of bicycling and walking.
teaches sustainable transportation habits.




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  Classroom Curriculum & Skills Training....Continued


Applied “On-Street” Skills Training
The most important education program aimed at students
is applied training in pedestrian and bicycle safety. This
training, sometimes called “driver’s ed for biking/walking”
is common in European countries, but is often overlooked
in the United States. Walking and biking safety training
provides students with skills and confidence they can
apply immediately. Training also provides students with
an understanding of bicycle and pedestrian behavior that
may help them eventually become better drivers. Students
also remind their parents about rules and good behavior,
reminding parents that their children are observing and
imitating their behavior.

When teaching children applied safety lessons, remember
that they experience their surroundings differently than
adults. The following list includes things to consider when
teaching children under ten years of age:
 • They do not have full peripheral vision
 • They do not accurately judge speed and distance
 • They have not developed a full sense of where sounds
   originate                                                     A comprehensive approach to bicycle and pedestrian safety curriciulum
 • They have not developed an accurate sense of danger           includes both in-classroom lessons and “real life” skills training.

Specific pedestrian safety topics may include:

 •   Where and when to cross a street                         Resources
 •   Crossing at intersections
 •   Sign identification                                      • SR2S Lesson Plans (Marin County)
 •   Understanding traffic signals                             http://www.saferoutestoschools.org/lessonplans.shtml

 •   Crossing the street with an adult                        • National SRTS Toolkit: Classroom Activities
 •   Crossing around school buses                              http://www.nhtsa.gov/people/injury/pedbimot/bike/Safe-Routes-2002/classact.html

 •   Crossing streets around parked cars                      • Meet Zozo (StreetEducation, OpenPlans project)
 •   Walking at night                                          http://streetseducation.org/zozo/
 •   Using sidewalks                                          • Pedestrian Safety Education Curriculum
 •   Walking where no sidewalks exist                          http://www.walknbike.org/pedestrian-safety/
 •   How to walk near driveways and cars backing up           • Bicycle Safety Education Curriculum
                                                               http://www.walknbike.org/bike-safety/
For more detailed information on bicycle safety topics,       • Get Healthy San Mateo School Curricula
see the Bicycle Rodeos summary on the following page.          http://www.gethealthysmc.org/96-Curricula.aspx




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    Education                                                                                   BICYCLE RODEOS
Overview
Bicycle Rodeos are family-friendly events that incorporate
a bicycle safety check, helmet fitting, instruction about the
rules of the road and an obstacle course. Often preceded by
in-class safety lessons or followed by neighborhood rides,
bicycle rodeos offer a natural progression for reinforcing
key safety practices and building confidence among
young bicyclists. Adult volunteers can administer rodeos,
they may be led through the local police department,
and/or rodeos can be taught by certified League of
American Bicyclists (LAB) instructors or members of a
bicycle advocacy group (such as the Silicon Valley Bicycle
Coalition).

Bicycle rodeos can be incorporated into health fairs,
back to school events and Walk and Bike to School days.
Depending on the school, they can be customized to
initiate first-time riders or act as refresher courses for older,   etc.) that may be needed. Large fields or parking lots are
more experienced students.                                          often the best locations, and gymnasiums can be a good
                                                                    back-up in case of inclement weather. The level of effort
Benefits                                                            and responsibilities for organizing a bicycle rodeo largely
                                                                    depend on the expertise of the instructor(s).
•   Teaches and reinforces the basics of bicycle safety, from
    helmet use to hand signals
                                                                    While actual bicycle rodeo formats can vary, most include
•   Provides active learning that engages youth outside the         a series of “stations” such as:
    classroom setting and with real-world equipment
                                                                     •   Registration/Sign Up
•   Helps build young riders’ confidence/experience within           •   Bicycle Inspection (Air, Brakes, Chain, Frame Fit)
    a safe and predictable setting                                   •   Helmet Check
                                                                     •   Rules of the Road
•   Offers a fun activity that can complement numerous
                                                                     •   Test Course (usually divided into specific movements)
    other SR2S programs and activities
                                                                    Organizers should consider whether prizes, certificates,
Steps to Take                                                       and/or any refreshments will be offered upon
The first steps in organizing a bicycle rodeo are to                completion of the course. In many cases these items
determine when it will take place and if it will be part            can be donated or subsidized by local businesses
of a larger school event or program. For example, Oak               such as bicycle shops or area food establishments.
Knoll Elementary in the Menlo Park City School District
schedules a bicycle rodeo as part of a larger Bicycle Safety        Resources
Education Week program at the beginning of the school
year. Bicycle rodeos typically require about an hour or more
                                                                    • Organizer’s Guide to Bicycle Rodeos (Cornell University)
                                                                     http://www.bike.cornell.edu/pdfs/Bike_Rodeo_404.2.pdf
to complete, depending on school size and participation.
                                                                    • Organizing a Bicycle Skills Rodeo (Cascade Bicycle Club)
                                                                     http://www.cbcef.org/pdf/bike_rodeo06.pdf
With a date and format in mind, organizers should
contract with one or more instructors and work with those           • Safe Routes to School Rodeo Manual (Marin County)
                                                                     http://www.saferoutestoschools.org/pdfs/lessonplans/RodeoManualJune2006.pdf
individuals to select an appropriate site for the rodeo and
identify additional materials (cones, white chalk, whistles,

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  Education                                               SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY CAMPAIGN

Overview
A School Traffic Safety Campaign encourages adult
awareness of students walking and bicycling to school
and the importance of safe driving behavior. A safety
campaign is an effective way to reach the general public
and encourage drivers to slow down, and can highlight
specific locations where students are walking and biking
to school.

Benefits
• Extends beyond school families and students to educate
  the general public
• Can be targeted (e.g. with banners or lawn signs) at
  specific “hot spot” safety locations and reinforce school
  zone speed limits
• Helps develop good travel behavior and habits among                                   GUÍA PARA LA
  students, parents, faculty and staff - including those who
  live too far away to walk or bike to school
                                                                                        SEGURIDAD ESCOLAR                                                               A public education campaign to change
                                                                                                                                                                        driver, pedestrian and bicyclist behavior.




• Can be funded through traffic safety grants within or                                               Si Vas Caminando A La Escuela:
  outside Safe Routes to School programs                                                              • A los padres: Escoja la mejor ruta para llegar a la escuela y acompañe a sus hijos.
                                                                                                      • Camina con un grupo, con un padre/madre– o con un compañero. Evita caminar solo.
                                                                                                      • Obedece las señales de tránsito, los avisos y las marcas en el asfalto, tales como las que

                                       SCHOOL                                                           señalan el área de cruce para peatones.
                                                                                                      • Obedece las direcciones de los Guardias de Cruce y las Patrullas Escolares para la Seguridad.

Street Smarts                          SCHOOL
                                                                                        SCHOOL
                                                                                                      • Mira en todas direcciones antes de cruzar la calle (izquierda, derecha, al frente y hacia atrás).
                                                                                                                                     SCHOOL
                                                                                                      • Cruza solamente en la esquina de la calle o en una área marcada para cruce. ¡No cruces en la
                                                                                                        mitad de la calle!
Several Bay Area communities - including Marin County,
                                       SCHOOL                                           SCHOOL
                                                                                                      • Manténte alerta en todo momento – sobre todo cuando hay mal clima.
                                                                                                                                      SCHOOL
                                                                                                      Si SCHOOL Bicicleta A La Escuela:
                                                                                                          Vas En                    SCHOOL
Alameda County, and the City of San Jose - have instituted                              SCHOOL        •
                                                                                                      •
                                                                                                          ¡Usa siempre el casco!
                                                                                                            SPEED                       SCHOOL             S P E ruta
                                                                                                          Pídele a tus padres que te ayuden a escoger la mejor E D para viajar en bicicleta.
a “Street Smarts” campaign that includes educational                                                  •     SCHOOL
                                                                                                          Obedece todas las señales de tránsito, avisos ySCHOOL el asfalto.
                                                                                                             LIMIT                                           LIMIT
                                                                                                                                                            marcas en


                                                                                                         25                       25
                                                                                                      •   Cuando vayas en bicicleta por las calles, maneja al lado derecho de la calle.
                                                                                                            S P E en                                       S P E E dando la cara al tránsito.
                                                                                                          ManejaE D la misma dirección del tránsito; no manejes D
brochures and videos, roadside banners and outdoor                                                    •
                                                                                                      •
                                                                                                      •
                                                                                                            SCHOOL                                        SCHOOL
                                                                                                          Los niños menores de 10 años deben manejar sobre la acera.
                                                                                                             LIMIT                                          LIMIT
                                                                                                          CuandoEvayas en bicicleta por la acera, maneja despacio y pon atención a los peatones.
                                                                                                            SPE D                                          SPEED
media, classroom discussions, and muchSCHOOL These
                                               more.                                      SCHOOL
                                                                                         BUS STOP
                                                                                                      •
                                                                                                      •  25    WHEN
                                                                                                          También ten cuidado con autos entrando y saliendo de sus garajes.
                                                                                                             LIMIT
                                                                                                             CHILDREN
                                                                                                            ARE PRESENT          25       SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                          usa las
                                                                                                                                                               WHEN
                                                                                                                                                             LIMIT
                                                                                                                                                             CHILDREN
                                                                                                          Cruza la calle en la esquina, oBUS STOP zonas de ARE PRESENT peatones.
                                                                                                                                                            cruce para

programs share high quality outreach materials and have
                                           BUS STOP
                                            SCHOOL
                                             400 FT
                                                                                           400 FT
                                                                                          SCHOOL
                                                                                                      •
                                                                                                         25En Autobus A La Escuela:
                                                                                                          Cuando cruces sobre un cruce para peatones, hazlo caminando– y lleva al lado tu bicicleta.

                                                                                                      Si Vas
                                                                                                              WHEN
                                                                                                            CHILDREN             25        400 FT
                                                                                                                                        SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                            WHEN
                                                                                                                                                          CHILDREN


been effective at reaching a large cross-section of the
                                                                                                           ARE PRESENT                                   ARE PRESENT
                                                                                         BUS STOP                                      BUS STOP
                                                                                                      •                                    alrededor de la parada de autobús
                                                                                                        Aléjate de la calle, y no juegues400 FT
                                           BUS STOP
                                            SCHOOL
                                                                                           400 FT
                                                                                          SCHOOL      •
                                                                                                              WHEN
                                                                                                            CHILDREN
                                                                                                           llegar a                      SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                              WHEN
                                                                                                                                                            CHILDREN
                                                                                                                                                           tus padres–
                                                                                                        AlARE PRESENTla parada donde te bajas, espera por ARE PRESENT no cruces la calle solo.
                                             400 FT
public in and around participating schools.BUS STOP                                      BUS STOP
                                                                                          400 FT
                                                                                                      •                                 BUS STOP
                                                                                                        Sigue las instrucciones del conductor del autobús.
                                                                                                                                          400 FT
                                                                                                      • Manténte en tu asiento en todo momento y asegúrate que tus pertenencias no obstruyan el

                                             SCHOOL           400 FT                                    pasillo del autobús.
                                                                                                      • Mantén la cabeza, brazos y manos dentro del autobús.

                                                                                                      Si Vas A La Escuela En Automovil:
Resources                                                                   SCHOOL                           SCHOOL
                                                                                                      • Usa el cinturón de seguridad durante todo el trayecto, aún cuando el viaje sea corto.
                                                                                                      • Los niños pequeños (menores de 4 años, o que pesan menos de 40 libras) deben ir en

• “Every Step Counts” Marketing Resources (SRTS)
                                                                                                        su asiento especial para bebés.
                                                                                        SCHOOL                                         SCHOOL
                                                                                                      • Niños menores de 6 años o que pesan menos de 60 libras de peso deben ir en un
                                                                                                        asiento elevado.
 http://www.saferoutesinfo.org/resources/marketing_every_step_counts_materials.cfm      SPEED                                          S P E cuando viajan en automóvil, es en el asiento trasero.
                                                                                                      • El sitio más seguro para los niños E D
                                                                                         LIMIT        • Es contra la ley viajar en la parte trasera de una camioneta pick-up,
                                                                                                                                        LIMIT
• Street Smarts Campaign (San Jose)
                                                                                                        a menos que tenga una cubierta de acampar (camper).

                                                                                         25                                            25
                                                                                                      • Asegúrese que los niños entren y salgan del vehículo por el lado del
                                                                                                        pasajero, y por el lado de la acera.
 http://www.getstreetsmarts.org/                                                           WHEN
                                                                                                      • Estacione el auto a una o dos cuadras de la escuela, y camine el
                                                                                                        resto del trayecto para evitar congestionamiento de tráfico.
                                                                                                                                          WHEN
                                                SCHOOL                        SCHOOL     CHILDREN                    SCHOOL             CHILDREN



• Safe Kids USA
                                                                                        ARE PRESENT   • ¡OBEDEZCA TODAS LAS LEYES DE ESTACIONAMIENTO, PEATONALES
                                                                                                                                       ARE PRESENT
                                                                             BUS STOP                               BUS STOP
                                               BUS STOP                        400 FT                                     son
                                                                                                        Y DE VIALIDAD;FT para su seguridad y la de sus hijos!
                                                                                                                      400
                                                                                                      • Este otoño, el Departamento de Policía de San José estará supervisando el cumplimiento
 http://www.usa.safekids.org/                    400 FT                                                 de las leyes peatonales y de vialidad para la mayor seguridad de nuestros niños.


                                                                                                      City of San José
                                                                                                      www.GetStreetSmarts.org




                                                 S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                                                                   2-5
    3. Encouragement



Encouragement programs focus on bringing the fun back to walking and bicycling, thereby increasing
public awareness, and increasing the number of students walking, biking, carpooling, and taking transit
to school. The activities often include a variety of special events and contests, outreach campaigns, and
presentations to school and community groups. Encouragement programs do not need much funding,
but their success depends on a school champion or group of volunteers for sustained support.

This guide describes in detail several categories/concepts that typically fall under “Encouragement,”
including:

•   Walking School Bus/Bike Train
•   School Pool
•   Competitions and Incentives
•   Back to School Blitz
•   Walk and Bike to School Day/Week/Month (including Int’l Walk to School Day in October)
•   Park + Walk
•   School Route Walking Maps

The list is by no means exhaustive and will likely require local input and customization to be as successful
as possible.




                              S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                       9
                                                                          Image by Flickr user Wageslaves (Creative Commons)
                                                   S a n M ate o Co u nt y



    Encouragement                              WALKING SCHOOL BUS / BIKE TRAIN

Overview
A walking school bus involves a group of children walking
to school with one or more adults. The “bus” follows the
same route every time and picks up children from their
homes at designated times. Children like the walking
school bus because it gives them active social time before
the school day begins (or, as one participating child put
it, “it’s like recess before school!”). Adults like the walking
school bus because they feel more comfortable when there
are trained, trustworthy adults escorting their children to
school. Teachers and principals like the walking school bus
because it helps kids arrive ready to concentrate on school.

A bicycle “train” is very similar to a walking school bus;
groups of students accompanied by adults bicycle together          Walking School Bus kickoff event, Fair Oaks Community School in Redwood City
on a pre-planned route to school. They may operate daily,                                                         (image from www.rwc2020.org)
weekly or monthly. Bike trains also help address parents’         school-wide survey (paper and/or electronic) distributed
concerns about traffic and personal safety while providing        to parents can help to identify interested households and
students a chance to socialize, be active, and develop/test       volunteers.
riding skills while under adult supervision.
                                                                  Timing/Frequency
Benefits                                                          Ideally, a walking school bus or bike train program should
                                                                  run every day so families can count on it. However, it is
•   Directly addresses two of the most common parental
                                                                  possible to start small by selecting one or two days per
    fears regarding walking or bicycling to school: stranger
                                                                  week, and/or by targeting specific neighborhoods (e.g.
    danger and traffic safety                                     a housing development close to the school) as a way to
•   Highly convenient for parents and fun for students            begin developing the program. You might even start
                                                                  with a special one-time walking school bus, such as for
•   Scalable program that can increase in frequency and/or
                                                                  International Walk (and Roll) to School day in October.
    coverage as participation grows
                                                                  Some programs operate in the morning only, since children
•   Helps develop bonds among classmates and neighbors,           have after-school programs or go somewhere other than
    which can extend beyond the school day                        their home after school, or may not have a parent waiting
                                                                  for them at home.
Steps to Take                                                     Designating Routes and Stops
Finding a Coordinator                                             Walking routes should be sited on streets with complete
A walking school bus can be an informal effort begun              pedestrian facilities, prioritizing safe crossings and lower
by a few parents in one neighborhood. For a school-               traffic speeds and volumes, as well as low crime streets.
wide program, however, it is important to designate               In many cases, these streets will also provide the best
a coordinator. In some cases a dedicated volunteer                route for bicycle trains, although coordinators should also
coordinator can be successful, but schools may want this          identify dedicated bicycle facilities that may lead to the
to be a paid position to ensure consistency and reliability.      school. Stops may either be at each child’s house (which
                                                                  is more convenient for parents but may take longer) or
The walking school bus coordinator can begin by assessing         at gathering points (e.g. one meeting place per block, as
both resources (such as parent volunteers) and interest. A        well as gathering spaces at parks). Including at least one

                                      S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                  3-2
                                                                     S a n M ate o Co u nt y



  Walking School Bus / Bike Train...continued
                                                                                       coordinator should screen each potential volunteer
                                                                                       through an interview and criminal background check.

                                                                                       Training
                                                                                       All route leaders must also attend a detailed training
                                                                                       covering:
                                                                                         • The goals and outline of the walking bus program
                                                                                         • Expectations for route leaders
                                                                                         • Traffic safety and group management techniques
                                                                                         • Emergency procedures (e.g., injury protocol and what
                                                                                           to do if a route leader cannot serve on a given day)
                                                                                         • Alternate school schedule and inclement weather
                                                                                           policy
                                                                                         • Late arrival policies and child “code of conduct”
                                                                                         • Any tracking protocols that should be followed
                                                                                           (such as a daily attendance worksheet)
 Online mapping tools, such as Google Maps, are increasingly used to establish walk-
 ing school bus/bike train routes and stops. This method can help make a program       The coordinator should also provide first aid kits and safety
 more accessible to new or newly interested parents, facilitate multiple walking or    vests to each volunteer, along with the route map and
 biking routes, and can communicate real-time modifications, such as for construc-
                                                                                       parent contact information for each participating family.
 tion projects and inclement weather.
                                                              Promotion
“stop” with parking facilities is also a good way to increase Outreach typically begins two weeks after the start of
participation for families who may live far from the school school. Strategies to promote the program include:
but can drop off children to join the walk. Finalized routes    • Sending home information with school orientation
and stop locations should be mapped out for parent and            materials
volunteer reference.                                            • Reaching out to/through the PTAs
                                                                • Hosting a booth at back to school night
Finding bus “drivers” and train “conductors”                    • Creating an easy-to-use website (or page within the
Once the routes and number of participating children              school website) where families can sign up online
have been determined, the coordinator should decide
how many adults will be needed for each route. Experts Liability
recommend one adult per three children for children aged Organizers should work closely with the school district
4-6 and one adult for six children for older elementary to address liability concerns. If the program cannot be
children aged 7-9.                                            covered under an existing policy, partnerships with a
                                                              third party (such as the PTA or the City) may provide an
Bus “drivers” (A.K.A. route leaders) are usually volunteers, alternative. Parents should also sign permission slips and
but it is important to make sure that the volunteers are liability waivers (the exact language should be determined
dedicated, responsible, and well-supported. Interested by the risk manager) as well as provide emergency contact
parents are natural volunteers. Some communities have information.
also had outstanding success recruiting from a local
college or university, where students can receive college Resources
credit in exchange for their commitment to the program. • International Walk (and Roll) to School Day
An active senior group may also be a good partner               http://www.walktoschool.org/
organization to find volunteers who are available during
the day. It is also an option to pay route leaders a small • The Walking School Bus Guide: Combining Safety, Fun,
stipend (as some crossing guard programs do). The school         and the Walk to School (SafeRoutesInfo.org)
                                                                                        http://guide.saferoutesinfo.org/walking_school_bus/index.cfm

                                                   S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                   3-3
                                                                    S a n M ate o Co u nt y



    Encouragement                                                                                                            SCHOOL POOL

Overview
SchoolPool is a transportation ride matching service that
encourages groups of parents to carpool to school.

Benefits
•   Helps families save time and money
•   Particularly useful for families with multiple children at
    different schools
•   Provides a transportation alternative for after school
    activities
•   Reduces traffic congestion and improves air quality
    around the school’s pick-up and drop-off areas                                     School pools can be included as part of a “Back to School Blitz” campaign. In Marin
                                                                                       County, the SchoolPool is also part of a “Green Trip Challenge” that calculates
                                                                                       reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from walking, biking, transit, and
                                                                                       carpooling and awards prizes to the winning schools.


                                                                                   www.commute.org (carpool incentives)
                                                                                   The Peninsula Traffic Congestion Relief Alliance has a
                                                                                   commuter information website that includes carpool
                                                                                   incentives. Parents who agree to carpool to school with
                                                                                   another family at least 2 days per week for 4 weeks can
                                                                                   receive a $25 gas card as a one-time incentive. More
    www.SchoolPool.511.org has promotional flyers available in several languages   information is available by clicking “Carpool Incentive
                                                                                   Program” from the dropdown list under “Programs” at the
www.schoolpool.511.org                                                             top of the main webpage.
The Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC)
operates the 511 Traveler Information program, which
                                                                                   Steps to Take
provides free traffic, transit, rideshare and bicycling
information including a free service called SchoolPool.                                • Ensure that each family in your carpool has an up-to-
Regardless of whether you drive, bike, or walk your                                      date and comprehensive list of contact information
children to school, SchoolPool can help you share these                                • Let your child know exactly who is picking him/her up
responsibilities with other parents and save you time. The                             • Set expectations for the time to meet, the location,
key to SchoolPool is participation - the more schools and                                and departure times
families sign up, the easier it is to use.                                             • Consider riding with your child’s carpool a couple of
                                                                                         times to get your child comfortable and to see if the
After registering with www.schoolpool.511.org, parents                                   SchoolPool arrangements are working for everyone
get a “matchlist” with contact information for other
potential carpoolers with similar needs. The participants                          Resources
then e-mail or call to arrange shared rides to school. MTC’s                       •    MTC’s Bay Area SchoolPool website
511 does not disclose your child’s name, only the parent                                http://www.schoolpool.511.org
contact information you provide. A flyer with information
about the program can be downloaded from the website                               •    Peninsula Traffic Congestion Relief Alliance
and is available in English, Spanish, or Chinese.                                       http://www.commute.org

                                                   S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                              3-4
                                                                                  S a n M ate o Co u nt y



  Encouragement                                                                           COMPETITIONS & INCENTIVES

Overview                                                                                        Commute Challenge Week/Month
Contests and incentive programs reward students by                                              This week or month-long encouragement event is gener-
tracking the number of times they walk, bike, carpool                                           ally held in conjunction with National Bike Month in May.
or take transit to school. Contests can be individual,                                          Students are asked to record the number of times they
classroom, school-wide or interschool competitions. Local                                       walk and bike during the program. The results are tallied
businesses may be willing to provide incentive prizes for                                       and competing schools or classrooms compare results.
these activities. Students and classrooms with the highest                                      Students who are unable to walk or bike to school can par-
percentage of students walking, biking or carpooling                                            ticipate by either walking during a lunch or gym period
compete for prizes and recognition. Small incentives,                                           or getting dropped off further away from the school and
such as shoelaces, stickers and bike helmets, can be used                                       walking with their parents the last several blocks. More
to increase participation. It can also be effective to allow                                    recent examples have included online mapping/tracking
different grades and schools (high school vs. grade school                                      and other technology lessons as part of this activity.
vs. middle school) to compete against each other in a
mobility challenge.                                                                             Golden Sneaker Award
                                                                                                Each class keeps track of the number of times the students
                                                                                                walk, bike, carpool or take the bus to school and compiles
Types of Competitions                                                                           these figures monthly. The class that has the highest level
Pollution Punchcard / Mileage Club                                                              of participation gets the Golden Sneaker Award. (The
These year-round programs are designed to encourage                                             award can be created by taking a sneaker, mounting it to a
school children and their families to consider other options                                    board like a trophy, and spray painting it gold.)
for getting to school, such as biking, walking, carpooling,
and public transportation. Every time a student walks,                                          Walk Across America/California
bikes or carpools to school, a school representative or                                         This is a year-round program and is designed to encourage
student records the activity on a card or tally sheet. After                                    school children to track the number of miles they walk
a certain number of points are reached or the card is                                           throughout the year. Students will be taught how to track
“complete” the student receives a prize or incentive.                                           their own mileage through learning about how many
                                                                                                steps or blocks are in a mile and will also learn about places
      Mark one circle for each activity . . . once you have completed                           in the United States or California on their way. Teacher or
      ten activities you earn a Golden Sneaker Sticker!
                                                                                                volunteer support is required.   Teacher:             Grade:
                 1       2       3     4      5     6        7    8    9       10!              Each of these programs can use incentives to increase
                                                                                                participation and reward students for their efforts.
                                                                        10!
                                                                                            iwalk club
       1     2       3          4     5     6      7     8        9
                                                                                                                            This iwalk club card belongs to:
                                                                                                Example incentives include:
                                                                                                         the

                                                                                                   • Shoelaces, pedometers, reflective zipper pulls
                 1       2       3     4      5     6        7    8    9       10!                 • Bicycle helmets, lights, or priority bike parking spots
                                                                                                   • Raffle tickets for a bicycle from a local bike shop
                                                                                         the iwalk club is an initiative of Green Communities | Active & Safe Routes to School.
       1     2       3          4     5     6      7     8        9     10!                        • Early dismissal, extra recess time, or pizza parties
                                                                                                   • School-to-school or staff challenges
                 1       2       3     4      5     6        7    8    9       10!
                                                                                                Resources
                             See how many kilometers you can travel in the iwalk club.
                             Collect enough stickers and you and your class can walk
                                                                                                •   Golden Sneaker Award Guidebook (Marin County)
      the                                                                                            http://www.tam.ca.gov/Modules/ShowDocument.aspx?documentid=494
                                                                                                                                            the
      iwalk club             around the world!                                                                                                iwalk club
                                                                                                •   Mileage Clubs and Contests Guide (SafeRoutesInfo.org)
   Sample mileage club card with various levels of incentives (Safe Routes to
                                                                                                    http://www.saferoutesinfo.org/guide/encouragement/mileage_clubs_and_contests.cfm
   School Canada - www. saferoutestoschool.ca)

                                                                 S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                        3-5
                                                     S a n M ate o Co u nt y


    Encouragement                                                        BACK TO SCHOOL ‘BLITZ’

Overview
                                                                                                       BURNETT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Suggested Walking Route
                                                                                                       SUGGESTED ROUTES TO SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pedestrian Path
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I
                                                                          The City of Milpitas cannot guarantee the safety of the suggested routes. All parents are encouraged to inspect the routes on their                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0              1,000              2,000
                                                                          own to ensure that the routes are as safe as possible. For more information regarding this map, please contact the City of Milpitas                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Feet
                                                                          at (408) 586-3000


opportunity information, a calendar of events, and traffic                Created on 1/19/10




safety enforcement notices.                                             Having a high-quality suggested walking route map, and sharing it through
                                                                        a “Back to School Blitz” campaign, can be a relatively simple but effective
                                                                        way to encourage parents to seek alternatives to driving their children to
Benefits                                                                school (or engage in a Park + Walk activity).
•   Influences parent driving behavior at beginning of
    school year before habits and routines are set
                                                                    In addition to the packet, the following strategies can be
•   Sets expectations for safe drop-offs and pick-ups by            included as part of the “Blitz”:
    communicating preferred routes by which drivers should
    access school, parking/no parking policies, and loading/         • Staff a table at back-to-school night with materials and
    unloading procedures                                               trained volunteers who can answer questions about
                                                                       transportation issues
•   Establishes baseline outreach for education and
                                                                     • Post a “School Pool“ map to facilitate coordination by
    encouragement programs that can build momentum
                                                                       nearby families (see School Pool for more information)
    and excitement for activities to occur later in school year
                                                                     • Include an article in the first school newsletter about
•   Leverages and promotes all existing SR2S activities                transportation options and resources
                                                                     • Coordinate with local law enforcement on enhanced
Steps to Take                                                          enforcement activities, such as school zone speed and
At the beginning of the year, the school can distribute to             crosswalk enforcement, at the beginning of the school
all students a packet of information with a cover letter               year or after a holiday break
signed by the principal, encouraging parents to create               • Occasional follow-up “backpack mail” (e.g. after holiday
transportation habits with students that promote physical              breaks) to remind parents about travel options and
activity, reduce congestion, increase school safety and                policies or upcoming SR2S events (such as National
improve air quality. The packet could include:                         Bike Month)
    • School transportation maps that include bicycle
       facilities and suggested walking routes, transit and         Resources
      school bus stops, drop-off and parking area procedures,       • Addressing the Behavior of Parents and Caregivers (SRTS)
       and existing bike parking locations                           http://www.saferoutesinfo.org/lawenforcement/resources/parent_ed.cfm
    • Transit schedules and available carpool information
    • Pledge forms about reducing the number of times that
                                                                    • California Walk to School Headquarters
                                                                     http://www.cawalktoschool.com/
     families drive to school (entries can be entered in a raffle
                                                                    • Let’s Move! (White House health encouragement campaign)
      for a prize donated by local businesses or the PTA)            http://www.letsmove.gov/



                                        S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3-6
                                                 S a n M ate o Co u nt y



  Encouragement                           OTHER ENCOURAGEMENT ACTIVITIES

Types of Encouragement Activities
Walk and Bike to School Day/Week/Month                         travel times. Often produced as part of a school walk audit,
Walk and Bike to School Day/Week/Month are special             this resource is best developed in partnership with city,
events that encourage students to try walking or bicycling     consulting, or other technical experts who have access to
to school. The most popular of these is International Walk     Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data and mapping
to School Day, a major annual event that attracts millions     software.
of participants in over 40 countries in October. Schools
can register for this event, and download free educational                                           As part of a Park + Walk (or Park &
and promotional materials, by visiting http://www.                                                   Stride) campaign, some schools provide
walktoschool.org/.                                                                                   self-applied car stickers to develop a
                                                                                                     sense of pride and connection with the
                                                                                                     SR2S program for those families who do
Other walk and bike to school events can be held yearly,
                                                                                                     not have viable biking or walking options
monthly, or even weekly depending on the level of support                                            from home. (www.brightkidz.co.uk)
and participation from students, parents and school
and local officials. In preparation for Walk to School Day,
students can make signs and banners as part of a “safety       Benefits
art” activity that helps promote the event and builds an
understanding of the reasons for promoting walking and
                                                               • Increases physical activity, which can combat health
                                                                   problems
biking. Sample recurring event ideas include:
                                                               • Reduces traffic congestion around the school’s pick-up
 • “Walk or Wheel on Wednesdays”/Walk or Wheel                     and drop-off areas
   Once a Week (WOW)
 • “Spring into Spring”                                        • Improves air quality
 • “Winter Walk”                                               • Alerts parents to potential walking and biking routes
                                                                   available in their area
Park + Walk (also known as Park & Stride)
Not all students are able to walk or bike to school; some
                                                               • Creates a supporting, encouraging environment for
                                                                   parents and kids who do not regularly walk or bike to
live too far away or their school walking route includes
                                                                   school
hazardous situations, such as a busy arterial roadway
without sidewalks. This year-round campaign (or individual
event) is designed to encourage families who drive to stop     Resources
several blocks from school and walk the rest of the way. By    •   International Walk to School
allowing all students and families to participate in a Safe         http://www.walktoschool.org/
Routes program, Park + Walk is an inclusive campaign that
can be matched up with other activities, such as a walking     •   California Active Communities’ California Walk to
school bus. It also helps reduce traffic congestion in and         School Project
around the school.                                                 http://www.caactivecommunities.org/w2s/


School Route Walking Maps
                                                               •   Park and Walk Guide (United Kingdom)
                                                                   http://www.buckscc.gov.uk/bcc/transport/park_walk.page
Suggested walking route maps can help parents overcome
fears related to traffic and/or a lack of knowledge of         •   Santa Clarita, CA Suggested Routes to School Maps
pedestrian facilities. These maps typically show stop signs,       http://www.santa-clarita.com/Index.aspx?page=615

signals, crosswalks, sidewalks, trails, overcrossings, and
crossing guard locations around a school and can also
                                                               •   Santa Cruz, CA SR2S Maps (Google Maps example)
                                                                   http://www.ecoact.org/Programs/Transportation/Safe_Routes_to_School/maps.htm
include information about bicycle facilities and average


                                    S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                   3-7
4. Enforcement


Strengthening and sustaining relations with local law enforcement officials and implementing
strategies that improve traffic law compliance are essential components of any successful Safe Routes
to School program.

The following pages describe the most popular enforcement tools, including:
•   Crossing Guard Programs
•   Speed Watch / Feedback Signs
•   School Safety Patrols
•   Crosswalk Stings /Enforcement Campaigns
•   School Parking Lot “Citations”

It is important to remember that proper enforcement starts and ends with good behavior from
parents, students, and neighbors. To be effective and sustainable, enforcement campaigns should
be school and community-driven partnerships that do not overly rely on punitive measures by local
law enforcement. To that end, these targeted and “do it yourself” strategies can help engage - but not
overwhelm - police departments that are often faced with increasing demands and fewer resources.




                             S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e
                                                    S a n M ate o Co u nt y



    Enforcement                                               CROSSING GUARD PROGRAM

Overview
The primary responsibility of an adult school crossing
guard is to help children safely cross the street as they
walk or bicycle to and from school. The guard stops traffic
with hand signals or a STOP paddle, and is always the
first person in and the last person out of the street. While
an adult crossing guard should not direct traffic unless
specifically trained as a traffic control officer, motorists
can be cited for an infraction under section 42001 of the
California Vehicle Code (CVC Section 2815), if they do not
stop for or otherwise ignore a guard’s direction.

Benefits
A well-trained adult school crossing guard can:
•   Discourage unsafe behavior by children near traffic, such
    as darting into the street without looking or crossing
    against a traffic signal - as well as for all pedestrians at
    the school crossing
•   Create temporary gaps in traffic, and utilize existing
    gaps more efficiently, to help students cross safely
•   Increase compliance of motorists who should be
    stopping for pedestrians in the process of using the
    school crossing
•   Observe and report any incidents or conditions that
    present a potential safety hazard to the school children
    or the guard (i.e., add “eyes on the street”)
                                                                   Identifying Need and Locations
Steps to Take                                                      Although some federal technical guidance exists, the
Program Structure                                                  decision of where and when to locate crossing guards is
An adult school crossing guard can be composed of                  typically the responsibility of local officials and organizers.
volunteer community members or paid employees.                     Some schools use a formal crossing guard request
Typically a paid program is preferable since it increases          system, while others organize a committee or hire outside
motivation, although many highly-organized volunteer               technical assistance to identify appropriate locations. All
programs exist and have been sustained over time.                  programs should work closely with their local police and
Regardless of whether or not crossing guards receive               traffic safety departments to administer the program.
compensation, substantial efforts are required from a
coordinator to conduct the screening and hiring, perform           Resources
background checks, handle insurance coverage and                   •   Crossing Guard Program Guidelines (SRTS)
equipment purchase/maintenance, and monitor the                        http://www.saferoutesinfo.org/guide/crossing_guard/index.cfm
guards daily. Funding from the County’s Safe Routes
                                                                   •   Crossing Guard Training Program (NCDOT)
to School Program currently cannot be used to pay for                  http://www.ncdot.org/bikeped/about/training/school_crossing_guard/
crossing guard salaries.


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                                                    S a n M ate o Co u nt y



    Enforcement                                      SPEED WATCH / FEEDBACK SIGNS

Overview                                                         Because they can be easily moved, radar
Fast-moving traffic is a major deterrent to children and         trailers are often deployed on streets
                                                                 where local residents have complained
parents walking and biking to school, especially where
                                                                 about speeding problems. If frequently
crossings of arterial roadways are required or where             left in the same location without offi-
sidewalks are discontinuous. In known speeding problem           cer presence, motorists may learn that
areas, radar detection can help reduce speeds and enforce        speeding in that location will not result
speed limit violations. Two common strategies that do            in a citation and the strategy can lose its
not require active police enforcement (i.e., manned patrol       benefits. For that reason, radar trailers
vehicles) are setting up mobile radar trailers that display      should be moved frequently.
approaching motorists’ speed next to a speed limit sign,
and loaning radar guns to local residents or school officials
in order to document and self-report speed limit violators.

Benefits
•   Provides ‘hard’ data to assist local traffic enforcement     can also be incorporated into the speed watch program.
    and roadway engineering services                             Participating neighbors post signs stating that children
                                                                 live in the neighborhood and it is necessary to slow down
•   Alerts motorists, who may otherwise not be looking at
                                                                 for their safety.
    their speedometer, to their actual driving speeds
•   Low-cost, high yield activity to improve both traffic        Radar Trailers/Feedback Signs
    safety and education                                         Speed radar trailers can be used as both an educational and
•   Radar trailers or guns can be shared among several           enforcement tool. By itself, the unmanned trailer serves
    schools                                                      as effective education to motorists about their current
                                                                 speed compared to the speed limit. As an alternative
Neighborhood Speed Watch                                         enforcement measure, the police department may choose
With a Neighborhood                                              to station an officer near the trailer to issue citations to
Speed Watch program,                                             motorists exceeding the speed limit.
a radar unit is loaned
                                                                 A permanent speed radar sign can be used to display
out to a designated
                                                                 approaching vehicle speeds and speed limits on roadways
neighborhood or school
                                                                 approaching the school site. The unit is a fixed speed limit
representative to record
                                                                 sign with built-in radar display unit that operates similar
speed information about
                                                                 to a radar trailer. In order to maximize effectiveness for
vehicles. The person operating the radar unit must record
                                                                 school settings, the radar display unit should be set to
information such as the make, model, license number, and
                                                                 only activate during school commute hours. Roadways
travelling speed of offending vehicles. This information is
                                                                 approaching the school site are the most appropriate
sent to the local law enforcement agency, which then sends
                                                                 location to display speeds, instead of streets along the
a letter to the registered vehicle owner informing them
                                                                 school frontage that will likely have lower speeds due to
that the vehicle was seen on a specific street exceeding
                                                                 pick-up/drop-off traffic.
the legal speed limit. Letters are typically sent out to those
driving at least 5 mph over the speed limit. Although not a
formal citation, the letter explains that local residents are    Resources
concerned about safety for their families and encourages         • Role of the Enforcement Officer (SRTS)
the motorist to drive within the speed limit. Yard signs          http://www.saferoutesinfo.org/guide/enforcement/role_of_the_enforcement_officer.cfm




                                       S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                   4-3
                                                  S a n M ate o Co u nt y



 Enforcement                                      OTHER ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES

Types of Enforcement Activities                                  annual “Santa Sting” in which a police officer dresses up as
                                                                 Santa Claus and issues citations to motorists who do not
School Safety Patrols                                            yield to Santa in the crosswalk.
School safety patrols are comprised of trained student
volunteers responsible for enforcing drop-off and pick-          As part of a broader enforcement campaign targeting
up procedures. Student safety patrols may also assist            school safety, the City of Palo Alto Police Department
with street crossing; they do not stop vehicular traffic, but    conducts “Operation Safe Passage” three times a year
rather look for openings and then direct students to cross.      during school commute periods. In addition to motorist
According to the National Safe Routes Clearinghouse,             violations (e.g., speeding, talking on cell phone, failure to
“student safety patrols… [increase] safety for students          yield to pedestrians), officers stationed at schools ticket
and traffic flow efficiency for parents. Having a student        jaywalking and bicycle safety violations to promote safe
safety patrol program at a school requires approval by the       behavior for all travel modes.
school and a committed teacher or parent volunteer to
coordinate the student trainings and patrols.”                   School Parking Lot “Citations”
                                                                 If on-site parking problems exist at a school, such as
School Crosswalk Stings / Enforcement Campaigns                  parents leaving vehicles unattended in loading zones,
In a crosswalk sting operation, the local police department      school staff may issue parking lot “citations” to educate
targets motorists who fail to yield to pedestrians in a school   parents about appropriate parking locations. These
crosswalk. A plain-clothes “decoy” police officer ventures       “citations” are actually warnings designed to look like
into a crosswalk or crossing guard-monitored location,           actual police tickets, intended to educate parents about
and motorists who do not yield are given a citation by a         how parking in improper zones can create safety hazards
second officer stationed nearby. The police department or        or disrupt traffic flow for other parents during the pick-up/
school district may alert the media to crosswalk stings to       drop-off period. Other informal enforcement programs
increase public awareness of the issue of crosswalk safety,      include posting “cell free zone” signs in the school parking
and news cameras may accompany the police officers to            lot during drop-off and pick-up, and sending drop-off and
report on the sting. The City of Santa Clarita, CA has an        pick-up procedures home with students at the beginning
                                                                 of the year and after returning from school vacations.

                                                                 Benefits
                                                                 •   Increases awareness of laws requiring that motorists
                                                                     yield to pedestrians in crosswalks
                                                                 •   Educates motorists about appropriate parking behavior
                                                                 •   Encourages older students to take on leadership
                                                                     positions and reinforces street crossing, student
                                                                     drop-off, and pick-up procedures
                                                                 •   Leverages/maximizes police enforcement levels that
                                                                     are otherwise difficult to sustain throughout the
                                                                     school-year

                                                                 Resources
                                                                 • California Safe Routes to School State Network
                                                                     http://www.saferoutespartnership.org/state/network/california




                                     S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                               4-4
5. Engineering
(& Operations)

Engineering improvements to the physical environment around schools are integral to a
comprehensive Safe Routes to School Program that ensures walking, biking, and other “green”
forms of travel are easy and safe. They are also, typically, the most costly to implement and require
traffic engineering expertise and approval. Before seeking to invest in infrastructure, a thorough
site evaluation and discussion with community stakeholders are needed to determine the highest
priority issues and appropriate range of potential solutions.

This section discusses the all important initial step toward engineering improvements - the walk
about, or walk audit - together with related school travel operations and policies. For more
information on specific engineering improvements and relevant design guidelines, please contact
your local planning or public works department or use the online resource links as a start.

Focus on Easy to Implement Improvements First
Signing and striping are low cost improvements that can greatly improve pedestrian and bicyclist
access to school. In California, yellow crosswalks and school specific signage also identify a
location as a school zone and warn motorists of potential pedestrian and bicyclist activity. Such
improvements are relatively easy to install and will create momentum and support for more
intensive infrastructure projects.

Operations & Policy
In tandem with or independent from engineering improvements, certain operational strategies
and policies can help reduce conflict between vehicle traffic, buses, and students walking and
bicycling to school. This section describes various policies with regard to pick-up and drop-off
activities that are incredibly important and can often be very low cost. Keep in mind, however, that
these activities may involve a greater outlay of staff resources and new procedures often take time
and outreach to gain acceptance.

Develop a School Travel Plan
School travel plans are living documents that collect, organize, and share walk audit notes,
improvement concepts, travel procedures and policies, and other school information relevant to a
Safe Routes to School program. These plans are important tools to assist local task forces and city
staff, and to compete for outside grant funding. Ideally, they are also made available to new and
returning parents, either online, in a back-to-school packet, or by request. Without a travel plan,
good work and effort toward identifying physical school improvements may go unnoticed.


                          S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                             20
                                                 S a n M ate o Co u nt y



     Engineering (& Operations)                                               WALKABOUTS (AUDITS)

Overview
One primary purpose of this program guide is to provide
a resource for local groups to conduct a “school site audit”
of their school. A school site audit, sometimes called
a walking audit or walkabout, is an assessment of the
pedestrian and bicycling conditions around the school
area. Typically school site audits are conducted by the local
school group or task force on foot, by walking the routes
that the students use to get to school. A site audit could
also be conducted on bicycle in order to better evaluate
bicycling conditions.

The goal of a site audit is to document conditions that may
discourage walking and bicycling to school, and to identify
solutions to improve those conditions. The audit should
involve identification of the built environment around a            Designated students assist with the drop-off process.
school (e.g. streets, sidewalks, pathways, crosswalks and
intersections, bike routes, traffic controls), the drop-off     identified issues and suggested improvements. These
and pick-up operations (e.g. presence of designated             maps, along with the information from the checklist
loading areas), as well as behaviors of students, parents,      form, can be forwarded to a school community task force,
and motorists that could contribute to unsafe conditions        public works staff, or consultant for use in pinpointing and
for bicyclists or pedestrians (e.g. speeding, jaywalking,       prioritizing improvements in the school area. Audit notes
failure to yield to pedestrians).                               should also be documented within school travel plans.

Steps to Take                                                   Benefits
A School Site Audit Checklist form is provided in Appendix      •   Provides an “on the ground” assessment and set of
A of this Program Guide. The checklist ensures detailed             recommendations to improve school access and safety
information is collected for each of the following topics:
                                                                •   Facilitates local input to identify important issues and
                                                                    engages stakeholders on a range of potential solutions
 •   Student Drop-Off and Pick-Up Areas
                                                                •   Helps document the public planning process for a
 •   Bus Loading Zones                                              specific improvement, which is critical to compete for
 •   Sidewalks and Bicycle Routes                                   grants and obtain decision-maker approval
 •   Intersections Near the School Property
 •   Sight Distances
                                                                Resources
 •   Traffic Signs, Speed Controls & Pavement Markings
                                                                •   National Safe Routes to School Partnership
                                                                     http://guide.saferoutesinfo.org/engineering/neighborhood_walkabouts_and_
The local school task force and/or SR2S coordinator should           bikeabouts.cfm

use the School Site Audit Checklist (or a similar form) as a
basis for conducting or planning their walkabouts.
                                                                •   The ABC’s of MTC (handbook for navigating the
                                                                    Metropolitan Transportation Commission and other
                                                                    regional agencies/potential funding sources)
Along with the checklist, an aerial base map of the school           http://www.mtc.ca.gov/library/abcs_of_mtc/MTC-ABCs.pdf
area is an essential part of the site audit. These should
be handed out to school groups and marked up with               •    SRTS Online Guide: Engineering
                                                                     http://guide.saferoutesinfo.org/engineering/




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                                                  S a n M ate o Co u nt y



  Engineering (& Operations)                                                           PICK-UP / DROP-OFF

Overview
School traffic safety begins at the front doorstep - or more
accurately, the parking lot and pick-up/drop-off zones.
Unlike most public facilities or office buildings, school
traffic movements are heavily synchronized around a
specific schedule. Left to organize itself, school traffic
can easily overburden local roadway facilities and pose
unique safety hazards to students. Inefficient drop-offs
and pick-ups can also increase local air pollution and strain
relationships with adjacent residents and community
members.

Types of Operational Strategies
Valet Drop-off                                                       With a valet drop-off process, designated (usually older) students assist
“Valet” is a technique to improve traffic flow within the            arriving students and their belongings out of the car, which helps keep
drop-off and pick-up loop by assisting students into and             parents in their vehicles and lines moving, and reduces idling.
out of vehicles. This technique eliminates the need for
parents to get out of the vehicle to open the door for a        Carpool Priority Parking and Load Zones
child or remove bags and other items, thereby reducing          Policies that successfully encourage carpooling help limit
delays and unnecessary idling. The valet system is typically    demand on school facilities and on the local roadways. For
staffed by school teachers, staff, or parent volunteers.        older students and faculty/staff, priority parking permits
Some schools use older students as valets, for example 5th      can be awarded to those who commit to carpooling. For
or 6th graders helping younger students in a K-6 school.        elementary school families, express loading can be used
However, student volunteers must get out of class early to      as an incentive if picking up more than one child.
prepare for pickup.
                                                                Dedicated Bus Zones
Platooning Drop-off/Pick-up System                              Establishing separate areas for vehicular and bus traffic
In a platooning system, all vehicles unload/load                can help improve traffic flows in the pick-up/drop-off area.
simultaneously, then proceed to the exit. If a vehicle          Conflicts can occur when private vehicles and buses arrive
unloads or loads more efficiently than the vehicle in front     at the same time and in the same location. Separating
of it, the rear vehicle must wait for the lead vehicle to       traffic often necessitates establishing an off-street bus
finish unloading/loading, then follow it out of the loop.       zone, dedicated solely to buses. Private vehicles should
This tool is best used to control the parent inclination to     not be allowed to load/unload in the bus zone. Bus zones
always drop-off and pick-up the student directly in front       need to be large enough to accommodate all the buses
of the school. Often, additional curb loading available         that might be parking there at one time. Sometimes it
downstream of the school can go underutilized, creating         is possible to stagger the arrival times of the buses, thus
excess congestion and delay prior to entering the lot. At       requiring less space. The zones must be clearly marked
least two monitors are needed to effectively operate the        and there should be adequate sidewalk space for students
vehicle platoon – one at the loop entrance to direct the        to wait for the bus.
maximum number of vehicles into the lot for a single cycle,
and a second to ensure that the lead vehicle proceeds to        Resources
the frontmost loading stall.
                                                                •   School Zone Safety Supplies
                                                                    http://schoolzonesafetysupply.com/index1.html



                                     S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                       5-3
                                        S a n M ate o Co u nt y




6. Evaluation


Evaluation efforts are essential to developing and sustaining a Safe Routes to School program. By
understanding and documenting the effects on travel behavior, parent and student attitudes, and/or
the physical conditions around a school, programs can maximize their effectiveness and prioritize new
investments. Evaluation efforts are often also required to be competitive or eligible for grant funding.
This section discusses student hand tallies and parent surveys, which are the two primary evaluation
methods used by most programs.

Other evaluation efforts/programs include:

Bicycle and Pedestrian Counts
Bicycle and pedestrian counts provide hard data on student travel volumes by mode and can be used
to verify or supplement the student hand tally and/or parent survey results. Counts on particular days
may also help identify potential program goals. For example, if a school promotes International Walk
and Roll to School Day (usually the first Wednesday in October), counts may be conducted during that
day to assess how well the event was promoted and how many families took part. Counts are most
informative when conducted annually on or near the same day to minimize the influence of unintended
factors, such as bad weather, daylight savings time influences or the school calendar.

Bike Parking Survey
Bike parking surveys are another way to assess travel behavior by counting the number of students
parking their bicycles at school.




                            S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                          23
                                                  S a n M ate o Co u nt y




  Evaluation                                                          STUDENT HAND TALLIES

Overview
Student hand tallies are conducted to quickly determine
the way students travel to and from school on a particular
day. Teachers (or another adult) ask students to raise their
hands in response to the mode of transportation that is
read aloud from a list (carpool, bicycle, drive alone, etc.).
In addition to recording the number of students that use
each mode, the tally taker records the weather and any
special events occuring that day.

Steps to Take
Ideally, student hand tallies should be conducted during
the fall and spring on multiple mid-week days to gain the            Students raising their hands in response to the mode they used to get to
best understanding of mode choice during a typical school            school. It is important to conduct these surveys on at least two separate
day. Two days is the minimum necessary to determine this             days within the same week to develop an accurate accounting for how
‘average’ percentage of modes, although programs are                 children typically get to school.
encouraged to conduct tallies for all three mid-week days
- Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. In order to produce          hand tally form, and more information is provided in the
comparable results, hand tallies should not be conducted        “Resources” section below for sending and processing the
during the week of International Walk and Roll to School        completed tally sheets.
Day (in October) or on the same day(s) as other large-scale
events.                                                         It should be noted that student hand tallies are required
                                                                for eligibility under several grant programs, including the
Particularly for schools new to the Safe Routes to School       California Safe Routes to School funding cycles.
program, or for schools expanding their SR2S activities,
hand tallies early in the school year are important to          Benefits
measure the “baseline” from which the success of new            •   Provides a general sense of mode choice on a typical
or additional programs can be measured. In the fall                 day
semester, preparation for tallies should begin as soon          •   Provides mode choice data to assess the effectiveness
as the school year starts (if not before) if they are to            of education, encouragement, and other programs
be conducted before the weather turns and days get              •   Supplies important information for grant applications
noticeably shorter.Preparation activities include printing          and other Safe Routes to School Initiatives
and distributing the appropriate number of tally sheets
(in multiple languages as needed), training teachers or
providing written instructions, establishing incentives for     Resources
teacher participation (e.g., a coffee shop gift card), and      National Center for Safe Routes to School:
coordinating who will collect the completed tally sheets.       •   “Ways to Collect Information”
                                                                    http://guide.saferoutesinfo.org/evaluation/ways_to_collect_information.cfm
The National Center for Safe Routes to School provides
a hand tally form for which they are willing to collect         •   Student Arrival/Departure Hand Tally Form
completed surveys and produce a basic summary analysis.             http://www.saferoutesinfo.org/sites/default/files/SRTS_Two_Day_Tally_Scan2009.pdf

The Center does not provide this service if a different
form is used. Appendix A provides a copy of the Center’s
                                                                •   Completed Hand Tally Data Entry Form
                                                                    http://www.saferoutesdata.org/



                                     S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                                  6-2
                                                 S a n M ate o Co u nt y




  Evaluation                                                                               PARENT SURVEYS

Overview
In order to evaluate the impacts of the grant that is
helping fund the San Mateo County SR2S program, the
Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC) has
developed a two-page parent/caregiver survey for use
by participating schools. Included in Appendix A of this
Program Guide and also available online, the survey asks
a number of questions related to school travel behavior
and attitudes toward existing travel conditions, real and
potential impacts of SR2S programs, and opportunities
for volunteering to establish walking school buses, bike
trains, etc.                                                         Parent surveys are great opportunities for families to discuss their travel
                                                                     behavior and provide feedback on what issues are most important and
Parent surveys are a great way to find the reasons why               what programs are most effective.
families and/or students choose certain modes to get to/
from school. Sometimes offered twice during the school         the Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC) will
year (similar to the student hand tally), parent surveys       process and summarize all online survey responses and
should be administered at least once per year in either the    a limited number of completed hard copy forms at no
fall or spring semester as the primary method for assessing    charge.
the overall impacts and success of a Safe Routes program.
                                                               Benefits
                                                               •   Provides a second travel mode data set for comparison
Steps to Take                                                      with student hand tally results
Both hard copy and online parent surveys will be made          •   Supplies more detailed travel information to calculate
available by the SR2S program. A popular method to                 environmental benefits, including reductions in green-
distribute parent surveys and/or online survey flyers is by        house gases (GHGs) from SR2S activities
sending them home as “backpack mail” with the student.         •   Supplies information on parent attitudes and concerns
To maximize response rates and turnaround time, parents            related to school travel options
should be encouraged to complete the form in 1-2 days.
Completed hard copy surveys are then returned to the
                                                               •   Helps assess existing program impacts and prioritize
                                                                   future program activities/focus areas
school, either via a dropbox or to an identified staff
person (online surveys will be automatically collected).
                                                               •   Engages families in a discussion of travel behavior
Depending on the level of parent engagement, student           •   Supports grant applications and other opportunities
reminders and cross-promotions at school events may                for funding
also be needed.                                                •   Helps identify parent volunteers

Some parents and/or staff may be familiar with the             Resources
National Center for Safe Routes to School standard             •   Appendix A contains the parent survey to be used in
parent survey form, which is available online and can be           the 2011-2012 school year. An online version will also
processed for free once completed (making it a popular             be provided through the SR2S program website, and
choice for schools with limited resources). Please note this       surveys will be available in English, Spanish and Chinese
form will not be accepted by the San Mateo County Safe         •   Contact the San Mateo SR2S progrm for more informa-
Routes to School program in the 2011-2012 and 2012-                tion on how to distribute, collect and process hard copy
2013 school years. To limit the burden on schools, however,        parent surveys and/or identify the survey web address.

                                    S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                                                       6-3
Appendix A: Key Forms

The following pages contain three key forms for use by schools and volunteers participating
in a Safe Routes to School Program:

1. Student Arrival and Departure Hand Tally Sheet (national form, one page)


2. Safe Routes to School Parent/Caregiver Survey
   (MTC grant evaluation version, six pages total)

      A. English (two pages)
      B. Spanish (two pages)
      C. Traditional Chinese (two pages)

3. Suggested School Site Audit Checklist (eight pages)




                        S afe Route s to S c h o o l Pro g ra m G u i d e                 A- 1
                           2011/2012 SAFE ROUTES TO S C H O O L PA R E N T / C A R E G I V E R S U R V E Y
                           San Mateo County has a Safe Routes to School (SR2S) program to reduce tra c congestion (and related air pollution) from school travel, and to improve
  Child 1                                                 Child 2 (if applicable)                                 Child 3 (if applicable)
                    children’s health through exercise. Please help us evaluate and improve the program by taking about 10 minutes to complete this form or the online
       Male         survey at www.surveymonkey.com/s/ParentSurvey2011_SMC. If you complete this form, please return it to your child’s teacher. Please only ll out
                                                                  Male                                                 Male
                    one survey per family. All responses will be kept con dential. Thank you for responding.
       Female                                                     Female                                               Female
 1. Please tell us about your child(ren) and the school(s) they attend. If more than 3 children, please list the youngest of school age.
  School                                                  School                                                  School
  Grade
 Child 1                                                  Grade
                                                        Child 2                                                   Grade
                                                                                                                Child 3
  Does this school have a Safe Routes to Does this school have a Safe Routes to Does this school have a Safe Routes to
       Male          Female                                      Male            Female                               Male             Female
  School (SR2S) program?                                  School (SR2S) program?                                  School (SR2S) program?
School ____________________________ School ____________________________ School ____________________________
           Yes                                                         Yes                                                  Yes
Grade _________
           No                                          Grade _________ No                                      Grade _________
                                                                                                                            No
           Don’t know
Does this school have a Safe Routes to                                 Don’t have
                                                       Does this schoolknow a Safe Routes to                                Don’t have
                                                                                                               Does this school know a Safe Routes to
  What is the program?                                    What is the approximate distance fromSchool (SR2S) program?
School (SR2S) approximate distance from School (SR2S) program?                                                    What is the approximate distance from
                  the
  your home to No school?
     Yes                        Don’t Know                your home toNo school? Know
                                                               Yes            the          Don’t                  your home to the school? Know
                                                                                                                    Yes            No            Don’t
           ¼ mile or less                                              ¼ mile or less                                       ¼ mile or less
What is the approximate distance from What is the approximate distance from What is the¼ - ½ mile
           ¼ - ½ mile                                                  ¼ - ½ mile                                            approximate distance from
           ½ - the school?
your home to1 mile                                                      to 1 mile
                                                       your home½ - the school?                                              to 1 mile
                                                                                                               your home½ - the school?
      1/4 mile 1 – 2 miles
               or less     1/4 - 1/2 mile                                                         1–2
                                                                                        1/4 mile or less miles   1/4 - 1/2 mile                                                1–2
                                                                                                                                                                     1/4 mile or less miles   1/4 - 1/2 mile
   1/2 mile Other (Please indicate): ____
            - 1 mile       1 - 2 miles                                                  1/2 mile -Other (Please indicate): ____
                                                                                                  1 mile         1 - 2 miles                                         1/2 mile - Other (Please indicate): ____
                                                                                                                                                                                1 mile        1 - 2 miles
  Last week, how did this child travel TO
   More than 2 miles (please indicate) _______                                          More than 2 how did this child travel TO
                                                                                        Last week, miles (please indicate) _______                                   More than 2 how did this child travel
                                                                                                                                                                     Last week, miles (please indicate) _______TO
  school? Please check one box per day.                                                 school? Please check one box per day.                                        school? Please check one box per day.
Has this child asked your permission to                                           Has this child asked your permission to                                       Has this child asked your permission to
                                      Skateboard




                                                                                                                        Skateboard




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skateboard
walk or bike to/from school in the last                                           walk or bike to/from school in the last                                       walk or bike to/from school in the last
                                                                      Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                        Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Didn’t go
                                      /Scooter




                                                                                                                        /Scooter




                                                                                                                                                                                                            /Scooter
year?                                                                             year?                                                                         year?
                                      Carpool




                                                                                                                        Carpool




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Carpool
             Yes       No                                                                      Yes       No                                                                  Yes       No
                             Driven




                                                                                                               Driven




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Driven
             Walk




                                                                                                 Walk




                                                                                                                                                                                  Walk
                    Bike




                                                                                                        Bike




                                                                                                                                                                                          Bike
                                                           Bus




                                                                                                                                             Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Bus
Last week, how did this child travel TO                                           Last week, how did this child travel TO                                       Last week, how did this child travel TO
school? Please check one box per day.
  Mon                                                                             school? Please check one box per day.
                                                                                    Mon                                                                         school? Please check one box per day.
                                                                                                                                                                   Mon
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Wed                                             Last week, how did this child travelWed Last week, how did this child travel
  Last week, how did this child travelWed
                                                FROM school? Please check one box perThuFROM school? Please check one box per
  FROM school? Please check one box per day. Thu
Thu
                                                                                        day.                                                                         day.
Fri                                                                               Fri                                                                          Fri
                                      Skateboard




                                                                                                                        Skateboard




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skateboard
                                                                      Didn’t go
                                      /Scooter
                                      Carpool




                                                                                                                                                        Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Didn’t go
                                                                                                                        /Scooter




                                                                                                                                                                                                            /Scooter
Last week, how did this child travel                                              Last week, how did this child travel                                          Last week, how did this child travel
                             Driven




                                                                                                                        Carpool




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Carpool
                                                                                                               Driven




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Driven
             Walk

                    Bike




                                                           Bus




FROM school? Please check one box per day.                                        FROM school? Please check one box per day.                                    FROM school? Please check one box per day.
                                                                                                 Walk




                                                                                                                                                                                  Walk
                                                                                                        Bike




                                                                                                                                                                                          Bike
                                                                                                                                             Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Bus
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Mon                                                                                 Wed
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                                                                                                                                                               Mon
  Thurs
Tues                                                                                 Thurs
                                                                                  Tues                                                                            Thurs
                                                                                                                                                               Tues
  Fri
Wed                                                                                 Fri
                                                                                  Wed                                                                            Fri
                                                                                                                                                               Wed
Thu                                                                               Thu                                                                          Thu
Fri1. Has your child asked you for permission to walk or bike
                                         Fri                      2. At what grade would you allow your child(ren) to walk
                                                                                      Fri
      to/from school in the past year?                                or bike to/from school without an adult?
           Yes      No
In general, was this a ‘typical’ week of                              ___ Grade        I general, feel comfortable at any grade
                                          In general, was this a ‘typical’ week of  Inwould notwas this a ‘typical’ week of
travel for this child?    Yes      No     travel for this child?    Yes      No       travel for this child?   Yes      No

2. How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Please check one box per line.
  Walking/bikingthe following might in uence (reduce) the                   concerns limit                 ability Strongly Disagree
                                                                 7. WhatNeutral/No Opinion your child’sDisagree to walk and bike
   3. Which of to school is....            Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree                          Somewhat
                                                                      to school? (check all that apply)
  ...funnumber of times you drive your child(ren) to school?
         for my child(ren)
                                                                           Too far
        (check for that apply) health
  ...important all my child(ren)’s                                         Running late/tardiness
  ...encouraged by more awareschool environment and wants to
             Child is child(ren)’s of the                                  Driving is easier for parent
  ...something I wish we did more often
             make “greener” choices                                        Weather
                                                                                                                                                                            (Please turn over to complete both sides of this survey)
3. Have you or your child(ren) participated in the following Safe Routes to                                            4. If yes, did your child(ren) walk, bike, or
   School
   Child 1 events/programs?                   Child 2 (if applicable)                                                          Child 3 (if often after
                                                                                                                          carpool more applicable) participating?
        Male                                              Yes
                                                        Male     No Don’t Know                        Male No Don’t Know
                                                                                                      Yes
        Routes
   Safe Female Classroom Lessons                        Female                                        Female
   School
  Tra c Safety Assemblies                          School                                        School
   Grade
  Walk and Roll to School Days                     Grade                                         Grade
   Does this school have a Safe Routes to Does this school have a Safe Routes to Does this school have a Safe Routes to
  Bicycle Rodeos
   School (SR2S) program?                          School (SR2S) program?                        School (SR2S) program?
  www.SchoolPool511.org
            Yes                                             Yes                                            Yes
  Walking School Bus/ Bike Train
            No                                              No                                             No
            Don’t know
   Other (specify)____________________                      Don’t know                                     Don’t know
   What is the approximate distance from What is the approximate distance from What is the approximate distance from
                                                   program, do the school?                       your home often school?
5. your home to the school? the Safe Routes your home toyou drive yourself or your child(ren) less to the for non-school trips?
   If you have participated in
         Yes          less
            ¼ mile or No                                    ¼ mile or less
                                     My family has not participated                                        ¼ mile or less
            ¼ - ½ mile                                      ¼ - ½ mile                                     ¼ - ½ mile
             grade level                                    ½ - walk
6. At what ½ - 1 mile would you allow your child(ren) to1 mileor bike to/from school without an½ - 1 mile   adult?
            1 Grade
    ________– 2 miles (or)            I would not feel comfortable at any grade
                                                            1 – 2 miles                                    1 – 2 miles
            Other (Please indicate): ____                   Other (Please indicate): ____                  Other (Please indicate): ____
                                 7. travel TO Last limit your child(ren)’s
   Last week, how did this childDoes this concern week, how did this child travel TOyou allow your child(ren) tochild travel TO
                                                                                     8. Would Last week, how did this walk/bike
   school? Please check one box per ability to walk or bike to/from school? per day.
                                    day.           school? Please check one box         more often if this concern was addressed?
                                                                                                 school? Please check one box per day.
                                                                                                                       My child(ren) already walks/bikes to school
                                                                                Yes       No                                              Yes      No          Not Sure
                                  Skateboard




                                                                                                    Skateboard




                                                                                                                                                                          Skateboard
                                                     Didn’t go




                                                                                                                       Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                                                             Didn’t go
                                  /Scooter




                                                                                                    /Scooter




                                                                                                                                                                          /Scooter
   Too far from school
                                  Carpool




                                                                                                    Carpool




                                                                                                                                                                          Carpool
                         Driven




                                                                                           Driven




                                                                                                                                                                 Driven
           Walk




                                                                         Walk




                                                                                                                                                Walk
                  Bike




                                                                                  Bike




                                                                                                                                                        Bike
   Driving is more convenient
                                               Bus




                                                                                                                 Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                       Bus
   Walking/biking takes too long
  Mon                                                            Mon                                                               Mon
   Child’s before or after school activities
  Tues has too much to carry
   Child                                                         Tues                                                              Tues
  Wed
   Speeding tra c along route                                    Wed                                                               Wed
  Thursmuch tra c along route
   Too                                                           Thurs                                                             Thurs
   No
  Fri adults to walk or bike with                                Fri                                                               Fri
   Lack of sidewalks and/or paths                                Last week, how did this child travel                              Last week, how did this child travel
  Last week, how did this child travel
   Lack of bikeways                                              FROM school? Please check one box per                             FROM school? Please check one box per
  FROM school? Please check one box per day.
   Unsafe intersections                                          day.                                                              day.
                                  Skateboard




   No crossing guards
                                                                                                    Skateboard




                                                                                                                                                                          Skateboard
                                                     Didn’t go
                                  /Scooter
                                  Carpool




                                                                                                                       Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                                                             Didn’t go
                                                                                                    /Scooter




                                                                                                                                                                          /Scooter
   Lack of bike parking at school
                         Driven




                                                                                                    Carpool




                                                                                                                                                                          Carpool
                                                                                           Driven




                                                                                                                                                                 Driven
           Walk

                  Bike




                                               Bus




                                                                         Walk




                                                                                                                                                Walk



   Stranger danger
                                                                                  Bike




                                                                                                                                                        Bike
                                                                                                                 Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                       Bus
   Violence/crime in neighborhood
  Mon
                                                                 Mon                                                               Mon
   Bad
  Tues weather
   Don’t know best route to school                               Tues                                                              Tues
  Wed
   Other (specify) ___________________                           Wed                                                               Wed
  Thurs
                                               Thurs                                                                  Thurs
9. Fri                                         my
   I would reduce the number of times I drive Fri kid(s)                                 10. Are you interested in any of the following Safe Routes to
                                                                                                                      Fri
   to/from school if... (check all that apply)                                               School activities? (check all that apply)

 1. My child wanted asked you for permission to walk or bike 2. Volunteer for student events and contests
      Has your child to make “greener” choices                                       At what grade would you allow your child(ren) to walk
    My child wanted to walk/bikeyear?
      to/from school in the past to improve their health                             Organize a neighborhood Walking School Bus or Bike Train
                                                                                     or bike to/from school without an adult?
    My child wantedNo compete for prizes in contests
          Yes         to                                                            ___ identify  safety issues at schools
                                                                                     HelpGrade tra Icwould not feel comfortable at any grade
    My child knew how to walk and bike safely                                        Help with a Walk and Bike to School day
    Transit/school buses better served my child’s school                     If “yes” to any of these, please provide your name and phone and/or
    It was easier to coordinate with other parents/kids                      email...            (Note: other survey answers will remain anonymous)
                                                                               7. What concerns limit your child’s ability to walk and bike
 3. Which of the following might in uence (reduce) the                       Name: ______________________________
                                                                                    to school? (check all that apply)
      number of times you drive your child(ren) to school?                   Phone: __________________ Email: _________________________
                                                                                          Too far
      (check all that apply)
                                                                                          Running late/tardiness
Thank you for your time and comments! Please return this survey to your child’s classroom teacher or school o ce by _____________
          Child is more aware of the environment and wants to                             Driving is easier for parent
          make “greener” choices                                                          Weather
                                 For questions about this survey, or for more information about San Mateo County’s Safe Routes to School program, please visit
                                          www.smcoe.k12.ca.us/InstructionalServicesDivisionISD/srts/Pages/default.aspx or call Peter Burchyns at 650-802-5563.
                        2011/2012 RUTAS SEGUR AS A L A E S C U E L A ENCUESTA PARA PARDES/CUIDADOR
                        El condad de San Mateo cuenta con un programa de rutas seguras a la escuela (SR2S) para reducir el congestionamiento debindo al trá co a la escuela (y la
                        contaminación del aire) y para mejorar la salud de los niños a través del ejercicio. Por favor ayúdenos a evaluar y mejorar el programa tomándose 10
                        minutos para completer esta encuesta o en línea a: www.surveymonkey.com/s/ParentSurvey2011_SMC. Si completa esta encuesta, por favor devuélvalo
                        al maestro de su hijo/a. Se necesita solo una encuesta por familia y todos las repuestas se mantendran con denciales. Gracias por responder.

 1. Por favor díganos sobre su hijo(s) y su escuela(s).                                         Si tiene mas de tres hijos que assisten la escuela, por favor enumere las tres mas jovenes.

 Hijo 1                                                                      Hijo 1                                                                                            Hijo 1
             Niño              Niña                                                      Niño                     Niña                                                                    Niño                 Niña

Escuela __________________________                                          Escuela __________________________                                                               Escuela __________________________
Grado _________                                                             Grado _________                                                                                  Grado _________
¿Tiene esta escuela un programa de                                          ¿Tiene esta escuela un programa de                                                               ¿Tiene esta escuela un programa de
Rutas Seguras Para Ir a La Escuela?                                         Rutas Seguras Para Ir a La Escuela?                                                              Rutas Seguras Para Ir a La Escuela?
        Sí                No              No se                                     Sí                  No                         No se                                             Sí                 No                No se

¿Cuál es la distancia aproximada a la                                       ¿Cuál es la distancia aproximada a la                                                             ¿Cuál es la distancia aproximada a la
escuela?                                                                    escuela?                                                                                          escuela?
   1/4 milla or menor       1/4 - 1/2 milla                                    1/4 milla or menor       1/4 - 1/2 milla                                                          1/4 milla or menor       1/4 - 1/2 milla
   1/2 milla - 1 milla      1 - 2 millas                                       1/2 milla - 1 milla      1 - 2 millas                                                             1/2 milla - 1 milla      1 - 2 millas
   Mas que 2 millas (indique por favor) _______                                Mas que 2 millas (indique por favor) _______                                                      Mas que 2 millas (indique por favor) _______

¿Ha su hijo(a) pedido permiso para                                          ¿Ha su hijo(a) pedido permiso para                                                                ¿Ha su hijo(a) pedido permiso para
caminar o ir en bicicleta a la escuela en                                   caminar o ir en bicicleta a la escuela en                                                         caminar o ir en bicicleta a la escuela en
el último año?       Sí          No                                         el último año?       Sí          No                                                               el último año?       Sí          No

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hijo A la escuela? Marque una casilla por dia.                              hijo A la escuela? Marque una casilla por dia.                                                   hijo A la escuela? Marque una casilla por dia.
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hijo DE la escuela? Marque una casilla por dia.                             hijo DE la escuela? Marque una casilla por dia.                                                  hijo DE la escuela? Marque una casilla por dia.
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Mart                                                                        Mart                                                                                             Mart
Mier                                                                        Mier                                                                                             Mier
Juev                                                                        Juev                                                                                             Juev
Viern                                                                       Viern                                                                                            Viern

¿En general, esta fue una semana ‘tipica’ ¿En general, esta fue una semana ‘tipica’ ¿En general, esta fue una semana ‘tipica’
de los viajes para este hijo? Sí     No de los viajes para este hijo?   Sí     No de los viajes para este hijo?   Sí     No

                                                                                                                                                                             (Por favor marque una casilla per linea)
“Caminando/andando en bicicleta a la escuela es....                                                                                                          Neutral/Ninguna
                                                                               Muy de acuerdo                    Algo de acuerdo                                 opinión                     Algo en desacuerdo           Muy en desacuerdo

 ...divertido para mi(s) hijo(s)”
 ...importante para la salud de mi(s) hijo(s)”
 ...alentado por la escuela de mi(s) hijo(s)“
 ...algo que me gustaría que hicimos más a menudo”
                                                                                                                                                                                          (Por favor completar ambos lados de esta encuesta)
3. ¿Participaron usted o su(s) hij(s) en los siguientes                                 4. ¿Si “sí”, su niño a caminar, monte bicicleta o carpool
   actividades/programas de Rutas Seguras a la Escuela?                                    con más frecuencia después de participar?
                                                               Sí    No        No Sé                                Sí     No          No Sé
  Lecciones de Aula de Rutas Seguras
  Asambleas de Seguridad del Tra co
  Walk and Roll to School Days
  Rodeos de Bicicleta
  www.SchoolPool511.org
  El Bus Ambulante/ El Tren de Bicicletas
  Otros (especi car)

5. ¿Si usted participo en la programa de Rutas Seguras, maneja usted or su(s) hijo(s) menos a menudo para viajes con no
   relacionados a la escuela?       Sí          No          Mi familia no participaron

5.¿En cuál grado le permitiría usted a su hijo(s) caminar o andar en bicicleta a la escuela sin un adulto?
   ________ Grado        (o)            En ningún grado me sentiría seguro

                          7. ¿Esta preocupación limitar la capacidad del                  8. ¿Permitiría su(s) hijo(s) a caminar o en bicicleta
                             niño para caminar o bicicleta a la escuela?                     más a menudo si esta preocupación fue dirigida?
                                                                                                      Mi(s) hijo(s) ya caminar o andar en bicicleta a la escuela
                                                                     Sí     No                                      Sí      No     No estoy seguro
   Demasiado lejos de la escuela
   Manejar es más fácil
   Caminar/andar en bicileta lleva demasiado tiempo
   Actividades para hijo(s) antes o después de la escuela
   Hijo(s) tien(en) demasiadas cosas para llevar
   El exceso de la velocidad de los coches por la ruta
   Demasiado trá co por la ruta
   No hay adultos para con caminar/andar en bicicleta
   Falta de aceras o caminos
   Falta de carriles para bicicletas
   Intersecciones peligrosas
   No hay guardias de los cruces
   Falta de un lugar seguro para estacionar las bicicletas
   Peligro de desconocidos
   Violencia o crimen en el barrio
   El mal tiempo/clima
   No sé el mejor ruta a la escuela
   Otro (especi que) _____________________

9. Podría reducir el número de veces que yo conduzco                      10. ¿Está interesado en cualquiera de las siguientes activi-
   mi hijo(s) a la escuela si... (Seleccione todos que aplican)               dades de Rutas Seguras a la Escuela? (Seleccione todos que aplican)
     Mi hijo quería tomar decisiones "más verdes"                        Voluntario para eventos estudiantiles y concursos
     Mi hijo quería caminar y bicicletas para mejorar su salud           Organizar un bus ambulanta/tren de bicicleta en el barrio
     Mi hijo quería participar en los concursos y ganar premios          Ayudan a identi car problemas de trá co en las escuelas
     Mi hijo conoce como caminar y montar bicicleta con seguridad        Ayudar a desarrollar los mapas con rutas sugirió a la escuela
     Tránsito / buses sirvieron mejor la escuela de mi hijo      Si "sí" a alguna de ellas, sírvase proporcionar su informacíon
     Era más fácil para coordinar con otros padres/niños         (Nota: otras respuestas de la encuesta permanecerá anónimos)
                                                                 Nombre: ______________________________
                                                                 Teléfono: _______________Email: _________________________
Gracias para su tiempo y comentarios! Por favor vuelva esta encuenta al maestro de su hijo o la o cina de la escuela

                  Para preguntas sobre la encuentra de los padres, o para mas informacíon de Las Rutas Seguras de la Escuela del contado de San
                 Mateo, por favor visite www.smcoe.k12.ca.us/InstructionalServicesDivisionISD/srts/Pages/default.aspx or llame Peter Burchyns at 650-802-5563.
                           2011/2012                                                                     /
                                      (San Mateo County)                                    (     SR2S)                                                                (                   )
  Child 1                                          Child 2 (if applicable)
                                                          10                                                                                                         Child 3 (if applicable)
      Male         www.surveymonkey.com/s/ParentSurvey2011_SMC
                                                        Male                                                                                                             Male
      Female                                            Female                                                                                                           Female
 1.
  School                                           School       3                                                                                                    School
  Grade
      1                                            Grade
                                                       2                                                                                                             Grade
                                                                                                                                                                         3
  Does this school have a Safe Routes to Does this school have a Safe Routes to                                                                                      Does this school have a Safe Routes to
  School (SR2S) program?                           School (SR2S) program?                                                                                            School (SR2S) program?
     ____________________________
          Yes                                         ____________________________
                                                             Yes                                                                                                        ____________________________
                                                                                                                                                                              Yes
          No
      _________                                              No
                                                       _________                                                                                                              No
                                                                                                                                                                         _________
          Don’t know                                         Don’t know                                                                                                       Don’t know
  What is the approximate distance from What is the approximate distance from                                                                                        What is the approximate distance from
  your home to the school?                         your home to the school?                                                                                          your home to the school?
          ¼ mile or less                                     ¼ mile or less                                                                                                   ¼ mile or less
          ¼ - ½ mile                                         ¼ - ½ mile                                                                                                       ¼ - ½ mile
          ½ - 1 mile                                         ½ - 1 mile                                                                                                       ½ - 1 mile
   ¼      1 – 2 miles     ½-1                       ¼        1 – 2 miles    ¼ ½                                                                                      ¼        1 – 2 miles    ¼ ½
   ¼ ½ Other (Please indicate): ____
                          1–2                       ½-1      Other (Please indicate): ____
                                                                            1–2                                                                                      ½-1      Other (Please indicate): ____
                                                                                                                                                                                             1–2
  Last week, (how did this child travel TO Last week, (how did this child travel TO
        2                ) ___________                   2                  ) ___________                                                                            Last week,(how did this child travel TO
                                                                                                                                                                           2                 )___________
  school? Please check one box per day.            school? Please check one box per day.                                                                             school? Please check one box per day.
                                             /                                             /                                                                                                                /
                                     Skateboard




                                                                                                                          Skateboard




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skateboard
                                                                    Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                         Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Didn’t go
                                     /Scooter




                                                                                                                          /Scooter




                                                                                                                                                                                                        /Scooter
                                     Carpool




                                                                                                                          Carpool




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Carpool
                            Driven




                                                                                                             Driven




                                                                                                                                                                                               Driven
             Walk




                                                                                           Walk




                                                                                                                                                                             Walk
                    Bike




                                                                                                  Bike




                                                                                                                                                                                    Bike
                                                      Bus




                                                                                                                                           Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Bus
     Mon                                                                        Mon                                                                                  Mon
     Tues                                                   )
                                                                                Tues                                                             )
                                                                                                                                                                     Tues                                                      )
                                                  (                                                                                    (                                                                             (
     Wed                                                                        Wed                                                                                  Wed
                                                                                                                               /
                                          /




                                                                                                                                                                                                             /
     Thurs                                                                      Thurs                                                                                Thurs
     Fri                                                                        Fri                                                                                  Fri
                                                                                Last week, how did this child travel                                                 Last week, how did this child travel
     Last week, how did this child travel
                                                                                FROM school? Please check one box per                                                FROM school? Please check one box per
     FROM school? Please check one box per day.
                                                                                day.                                                                                 day.
                                     Skateboard




                                                                                                                          Skateboard




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skateboard
                                                                    Didn’t go
                                     /Scooter
                                     Carpool




                                                                                                                                                         Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Didn’t go
                                                                                                                          /Scooter




                                                                                                                                                                                                        /Scooter
                            Driven




                                                                                                                          Carpool




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Carpool
                                                                                                             Driven




                                                                                                                                                                                               Driven
             Walk

                    Bike




                                                      Bus




                                                                                           Walk




                                                                                                                                                                             Walk
                                                                                                  Bike




                                                                                                                                                                                    Bike
                                                                                                                                           Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Bus
     Mon
                                                                )
                                                                                Mon                                                                  )
                                                                                                                                                                     Mon                                                           )
     Tues                                             (                                                                                    (                                                                             (
                                                                                Tues                                                                                 Tues
                                                                                                                                /
                                           /




                                                                                                                                                                                                              /
     Wed
                                                                                Wed                                                                                  Wed
     Thurs
                                                                                Thurs                                                                                Thurs
     Fri
                                                                                Fri                                                                                  Fri

     1. Has your child asked you for permission to walk or bike                                                   2. At what grade would you allow your child(ren) to walk
        to/from school in the past year?                                                                             or bike to/from school without an adult?
            Yes     No                                                                                              ___ Grade      I would not feel comfortable at any grade



2.                                                                                     (                              )
                                                                                                                 7. What concerns limit your child’s ability to walk and bike
        /
     3. Which of the… following might in uence (reduce) the                                                                      /
                                                                                                                    to school? (check all that apply)
     … number of times you drive your child(ren) to school?                                                              Too far
        (check all that apply)
     …                                                                                                                   Running late/tardiness
     …       Child is more aware of the environment and wants to                                                         Driving is easier for parent
     …       make “greener” choices                                                                                      Weather
                                                                                                                                                                                       (                                               )
3.                                                                          /                                     4.
   Child 1                                                                 Child 2 (if applicable)                                                   Child 3 (if applicable)
       Male                                                                    Male                                                                      Male
       Female                                                                  Female                                                                    Female
   School                                                                  School                                                                    School
   Grade                                                                   Grade                                                                     Grade
   Does this school have a Safe Routes to                                  Does this school have a Safe Routes to                                    Does this school have a Safe Routes to
   School (SR2S) program?                                                  School (SR2S) program?                                                    School (SR2S) program?
   www.SchoolPool511.org
           Yes                                                                      Yes                                                                       Yes
           No/                                                                      No                                                                        No
           Don’t know
        ____________________                                                        Don’t know                                                                Don’t know
   What is the approximate distance from                                   What is the approximate distance from                                     What is the approximate distance from
5. your home to the school?                                                your home to the school?                                                  your home to the school?
           ¼ mile or less                                                           ¼ mile or less                                                            ¼ mile or less
           ¼ - ½ mile                                                               ¼ - ½ mile                                                                ¼ - ½ mile
6.         ½ - 1 mile                                                               ½ - 1 mile                                                                ½ - 1 mile
    ________– 2 miles ( )
           1                                                                        1 – 2 miles                                                               1 – 2 miles
           Other (Please indicate): ____                                            Other (Please indicate): ____                                             Other (Please indicate): ____
                                 7.
   Last week, how did this child travel TO                                                                   8.
                                                                           Last week, how did this child travel TO                                   Last week, how did this child travel TO
   school? Please check one box per day.                                   school? Please check one box per day.                                     school? Please check one box per day.
                                                                                                                                                             /
                                            Skateboard




                                                                                                                  Skateboard




                                                                                                                                                                                        Skateboard
                                                               Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                     Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Didn’t go
                                            /Scooter




                                                                                                                  /Scooter




                                                                                                                                                                                        /Scooter
                                            Carpool




                                                                                                                  Carpool




                                                                                                                                                                                        Carpool
                               Driven




                                                                                                      Driven




                                                                                                                                                                               Driven
                 Walk




                                                                                      Walk




                                                                                                                                                             Walk
                        Bike




                                                                                             Bike




                                                                                                                                                                        Bike
                                                         Bus




                                                                                                                               Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Bus
             /
     Mon                                                                   Mon                                                                       Mon
     Tues                                                                  Tues                                                                      Tues
     Wed                                                                   Wed                                                                       Wed
     Thurs                                                                 Thurs                                                                     Thurs
     Fri                                                                   Fri                                                                       Fri
                   /                                                       Last week, how did this child travel                                      Last week, how did this child travel
     Last week, how did this child travel
                                                                           FROM school? Please check one box per                                     FROM school? Please check one box per
     FROM school? Please check one box per day.
                                                                           day.                                                                      day.
                                            Skateboard




                                                                                                                  Skateboard




                                                                                                                                                                                        Skateboard
                                                               Didn’t go
                                            /Scooter
                                            Carpool




                                                                                                                                     Didn’t go




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Didn’t go
                                                                                                                  /Scooter




                                                                                                                                                                                        /Scooter
                               Driven




                                                                                                                  Carpool




                                                                                                                                                                                        Carpool
                                                                                                      Driven




                                                                                                                                                                               Driven
                 Walk

                        Bike




                                                         Bus




                                                                                      Walk




                                                                                                                                                             Walk
                                                                                             Bike




                                                                                                                                                                        Bike
                                                                                                                               Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Bus
     Mon                /
                                                                           Mon                                                                       Mon
     Tues
                                                                           Tues                                                                      Tues
     Wed
                 ___________________                                       Wed                                                                       Wed
     Thurs
                                                                           Thurs                                                                     Thurs
9. Fri                                                                     Fri                      10.                                              Fri
   (                                    )                                                                     (                                  )

     1. Has your child asked you for permission to walk or bike                                               2. At what grade would you allow your child(ren) to walk
                     /
        to/from school in the past year?                                                                         or bike to/from school without an adult?
            Yes     No                                                                                          ___ Grade      I would not feel comfortable at any grade

                                               /                                                                                                                               /
                             /                                                                            (                                                         )
                                                                                                              7. What concerns limit your child’s ability to walk and bike
     3. Which of the following might in uence (reduce) the                                                       : ______________________________
                                                                                                                  to school? (check all that apply)
        number of times you drive your child(ren) to school?                                                     : __________________               :_______________________
                                                                                                                       Too far
        (check all that apply)
                                                                                                                       Running late/tardiness
                                             _______________
            Child is more aware of the environment and wants to                                                        Driving is easier for parent
            make “greener” choices                                                                                     Weather                    www.smcoe.k12.ca.us/SR2S
                                                    Peter Burchyns                650-802-5563
San Mateo County
Safe Routes to School Program

                                      SCHOOL SITE AUDIT CHECKLIST


SCHOOL NAME:


SCHOOL DISTRICT:


INSTRUCTIONS

The following site audit should be conducted to help determine walking and bicycling conditions on/adjacent to school
property. This audit will help the school to discover potential areas for design improvements and increased safety.
Members of the School SR2S Task Force, the School Principal, and a traffic engineer from the local jurisdiction should
observe conditions during the drop-off and pick-up periods, and fill out the following audit form in order to see how
students get to and from school. Audits should be conducted during periods of good weather if possible. Please take a
map of school neighborhood with you on the audit for orientation and note taking. Aerial photo maps can be helpful
for identifying specific detailed locations, and can be downloaded from internet sources such as Google Earth
(http://earth.google.com). Please take digital photos of any identified problem areas to accompany your notes.


Audit Date:                                           Day:                                          Time:

Weather Conditions:

ADDITIONAL NOTES ABOUT AUDIT CONDITIONS:




This Checklist Form was modified from the Florida Safe Ways to School and Solano County SR2S Toolkits




San Mateo County SR2S Site Audit Checklist                        1                                         Fall 2011
1. Student Drop-Off and Pick-Up Areas
                                                                             YES            NO             N/A
a. Is an on-site parent drop-off/pick-up area provided?

b. If the drop-off/pick-up area is on-site, is this loading area separated
from the rest of the school parking lot?

c. If pick-up/drop-off occurs on-street, is a marked loading zone
provided along the curb?

d. Do drop-off/pick-up areas, either on-site or on-street, provide
sufficient space for vehicles to line up?

e. Is a school staff person or other monitor present and visible during
the drop-off/pick-up period to assist with loading/unloading?

f. Does morning drop-off traffic move in an orderly fashion without
congestion and backup?

g. Does the afternoon pick-up line form in an orderly fashion, with
vehicles waiting in designated areas, not double-parking, not blocking
nearby residential driveways, etc.?

h. Are drop-off/pick-up areas situated so that students exiting or
entering cars have a designated pathway to/from school buildings (e.g.
do not walk between parked vehicles)?

i. Does drop-off/pick up occur along a raised curb, so that pedestrians
unload onto a sidewalk or walkway separate from vehicle traffic?

j. Are there accessible curb ramps for wheelchair access?

k. Are there posted vehicular signs (e.g. “No Parking”, “Bus Only”,
etc)?

l. Is the area adequately lighted?

m. Is there excessive idling of vehicles and buses while they wait to pick
up children?
n. Please describe additional problems within the student drop-off area in the space provided below. Remember to
take photos.




San Mateo County SR2S Site Audit Checklist                       2                                      Fall 2011
2. Bus Loading Zones
                                                                             YES            NO             N/A
a. Are bus driveways physically separated from pedestrian and bicycling
routes by raised curbs or bollards

b. Are bus driveways physically separated from parent pick-up/drop-off
areas?

c. Are measures taken for safety of students needing to cross in front or
behind the bus?

d. Is traffic in the bus loading zone one-way?

e. Does the bus zone meet the minimum width of 24’ for drop-
off/pull-out lanes?

f. Is there a continuous curb and sidewalk adjacent to the drop-off/
loading area leading into the school site?

g. Is the bus loading/unloading zone lighted?

h. Please describe additional problem areas regarding the bus loading zone in the space provided below. Remember to
take photos.




San Mateo County SR2S Site Audit Checklist                    3                                         Fall 2011
3. Sidewalks and Bicycle Routes
                                                                                YES              NO             N/A
a. Are current pedestrian and bicycle routes separated from motor
vehicles by the use of sidewalks or separated pathways?

b. Are the bicycle routes designated by signage?

c. Are marked bicycle lanes present?

d. Is the bicycle lane network continuous and without gaps?

e. Are children wearing bicycle helmets?

f. Are sidewalks and bicycle paths regularly maintained (free of debris,
cracks and holes)?

g. Are the sidewalks continuous and without gaps?

h. Are there accessible ramps for wheelchair access?

i. Do the ramps have tactile warning strips or textured concrete?

j. Are the sidewalks lighted?

k. Are the sidewalks used regularly?

l. Please describe additional problem areas regarding the school’s sidewalk system and existing bicycle routes in the
space provided below. Remember to take photos.




San Mateo County SR2S Site Audit Checklist                     4                                             Fall 2011
4. Adjacent Intersections (intersections near school property)
                                                                                YES             NO             N/A
a. Are there high volumes of automobile traffic?

b. Are there high volumes of pedestrian traffic?

c. Are there painted crosswalks for all crossing directions?

d. Are there curb ramps located at all adjacent intersections?

e. Is there appropriate vehicle signage?

f. Is there traffic control, such as a stoplight or stop signs?

g. Are there pedestrian walk signals?

h. For midblock crossing locations, are there adequate gaps in traffic to
allow pedestrians to cross?

i. Are pedestrians crossing in marked crosswalks, or are they using
unmarked locations or jaywalking?

j. Please describe additional problem areas regarding these intersections in the space provided below. Please identify
specific intersections, and any problems associated with each. Remember to take photos.




San Mateo County SR2S Site Audit Checklist                        5                                         Fall 2011
5. Sight Distance (clear views between motorists and pedestrians)
                                                                               YES              NO               N/A
a. Are desirable sight distances (visibility is free of obstructions)
provided at all intersections within the walking zone?

b. Do cars park or wait blocking the vision of other motorists, bicyclists
and pedestrians?

c. Have the placement of fences, walls, dumpsters and the location of
parking areas for service vehicles been carefully considered in view of
sight distance requirements on the school site?

d. Are there any barriers present that block the viewing of pedestrians
and bicyclists (i.e. dumpsters, utility boxes, parking areas, ground
mounted signage, building walls)?

e. Is landscaping and vegetation trimmed clear of sidewalks and
pathways, and not obstructing sight distance.

f. Please describe additional problem areas that have sight distance obstructions in the space provided below.
Remember to take photos.




San Mateo County SR2S Site Audit Checklist                         6                                        Fall 2011
6. Traffic Signs, Speed Control, Signals and Pavement Markings
                                                                                YES             NO             N/A
a. Are there School Zone signs, School Crossing signs, School Speed
Limit signs, flashing beacons, and No Parking or No Standing signs?

b. Are any high visibility (fluorescent yellow-green) signs used in the
school zone?

c. Is there an effective school targeted program of traffic enforcement?

d. Are there any school pavement markings located on roadways
adjacent to or in the vicinity of the school grounds (e.g. “SLOW
SCHOOL XING”)?

e. Are there currently traffic/speed control measures used in the area,
such as speed humps?

f. Please describe additional information regarding adjacent traffic signs, speed control, signals and pavement markings
in the space provided below. Remember to take photos.




San Mateo County SR2S Site Audit Checklist                      7                                           Fall 2011
7. Other Barriers to Walking and Bicycling

Please use the space below to describe any additional problems or issues not identified in the checklist above. These
may include policy barriers as well as infrastructure barriers. Be as specific as possible when describing a particular issue
or location.




San Mateo County SR2S Site Audit Checklist                      8                                              Fall 2011

				
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