Annie Annie Sullivan April 14 1866 –

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Annie Annie Sullivan April 14 1866 – Powered By Docstoc
					Annie Sullivan
( April 14, 1866 – October 20, 1936 )

            Amirreza Y
               Biography
 Annie was born on April 14, 1986 to Irish parents in
  town of Agawam in Massachusetts. Her parents Thomas
  and Alice were cooks who left the Ireland around 1847
  during potato famine. Thomas taught her the Irish
  traditions and Annie’s mother was sick and died when
  Annie was nine years old. So it was the reason that
  Annie and her brother were supposed to move in with a
  relative who later on sent them to Tewksbury hospital;
  Annie hoped that they would never be separated, but his
  brother became sick and died few months later.
        Annie’s sickness
 When Anne Sullivan was three she began having trouble
  with her eyesight; at age five, she contracted the eye
  disease trachoma, a bacterial infection that often causes
  blindness by scarring. Sullivan underwent a long string
  of surgeries. Doctors in Tewksbury had made a few vain
  attempts to clean her eyelids. Later, Father Barbara, the
  chaplain of the nearest hospital, took it upon himself to
  arrange a procedure. This operation failed to correct her
  vision. Still more attempts were made. Father Barbara
  took her to the Boston City Infirmary this time, where
  she had two more operations. Even after this attempt her
  vision remained blurry
     Annie’s improvement
 . Sullivan returned to Tewksbury, against her will. After
  four years there, in 1880, she entered the Perkins School
  for the Blind where she underwent surgery in 1881 and
  regained some of her sight. After the improvement of
  her eyesight, and graduating as class valedictorian in
  1886, a founder of the Perkins Institute for the Blind,
  Franklin Benjamin Sanborn, encouraged her to teach
  Helen Keller. In 1887, Sullivan had an additional surgery
  which restored more of her vision.
   Annie met Helen Keller
 Sullivan moved in with her charge and, acting as
  governess, began teaching Keller nouns using the sign
  language alphabet signed into Keller's palm. The first
  word Helen learned was "doll". Her second word was
  "water". In 1888, the pair went to the Perkins Institution
  together, then New York City's Wright-Humasen School,
  then the Cambridge School for Young Ladies, and finally
  to Radcliffe College. Keller graduated from Radcliffe in
  1904 and after that, they moved together to Wrentham,
  Massachusetts, and lived on a benefactor's farm.
  Annie’s personal life and
         marriage
 On May 2, 1905, Sullivan married a Harvard University
  professor and critic, John Albert Macy (1877 – 1932),
  eleven years her junior, who had helped Keller with her
  autobiography. Within a few years, their marriage began
  to disintegrate. By 1914 they had separated, though they
  never officially divorced. In the early years after their
  separation John Macy wrote and asked for money;
  however, as the years progressed he appears to have
  faded from her life
 Annie’s and Macy’s death
 . Macy died at the age of 55 in 1932. Sullivan stayed
  with Keller at her home and joined her on tours. In 1935,
  she became completely blind. She died in Forest Hills,
  New York, on October 20, 1936.
              Achievements
 A public school, PS 238, in the neighborhood of
  Gravesend, Brooklyn, NY was named in Sullivan's
  honor. Annie Sullivan Middle School in Franklin,
  Massachusetts was named after Sullivan, and there is
  also a large building named after her located at
  Tewksbury State Hospital in Tewksbury Massachusetts
  which houses several state agencies and a large day care
  center.
Pictures
Pictures

				
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posted:2/24/2012
language:English
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