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NAME:___________________________ DATE:_____________________ SHEEP INDUSTRY UNITE EXAM 100 TOAL POINTS POSSIBLE Read the directions for each section carefully. You have 40 minutes to complete the exam. If you have any questions please raise your hand. If you finish early turn your test in and sit quietly. Section 1: True/False (22 points total) Directions: Circle (T) if the statement is True or (F) if the statement is False. If I cannot tell which letter you circled, the questions will be marked incorrect. 2 points each. T F 1. Sheep were domesticated 10,000 years ago in the United States. T F 2. China is the third largest producer of wool. T F 3. The Navajo Churro is the oldest breed of sheep in the U.S. T F 4. Range wars were fought over and/or grazing rights of unfenced land that was not owned T F 5. The two main shearing devices are machine clippers and scissors. T F 6. Sheep shearing is the skinning of hide from the animal. T F 7. The wool industry is dominated by Australia T F 8. Sheep production is man’s oldest organized industry T F 9. In 1519, Columbus began his exploration and took sheep with him through Mexico and Western United States. T F 10. There are one billion sheep in the world today. T F 11. Oklahoma is the leading state in sheep production. NAME:___________________________ DATE:_____________________ SHEEP INDUSTRY UNITE EXAM 100 TOAL POINTS POSSIBLE Section 2: (20 total points) Directions: Circle the correct answer. Please circle only one letter per question. 2 points each. 12. In the United States, _____________ is the most prevalent in the southwestern states. A. Scrapie B. Sore Mouth C. Blue Tongue D. Overeating 13. Ewes can be managed past __________ years if they are well fed, watered, and managed. A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D.10 14. The _____________ is used to stretch the rubber band over the lamb’s tail. A. Emasculator B. Ear-notcher C. Elastrator D. None of the above 15. Young lambs are particularly susceptible to _____________, especially during periods of stress. A. Overeating B. Tetenus C. Coccidia D. Sore Mouth 16. The ____________ and ____________ do not require docking of the tails. A. Hampshire and Shropshire B. Dorset and Southdown C. Rambuillet and Lincoln D. Katahdin and Barbado 17. The three uses of sheep are _________, _________, and _________. A. Lambing, feeding, and watering B. Meat, wool, and milk C. Pet, walk, and recreation D. None of the above NAME:___________________________ DATE:_____________________ SHEEP INDUSTRY UNITE EXAM 100 TOAL POINTS POSSIBLE 18. In the United States ___________________ is one of the leading suppliers of ear tags for sheep and lambs. A. Premier 1 B. Sullivan’s C. Stock Yard Supply D. Local Farm Supply 19. The _____________ requires all sheep to have premise identification ear tags before leaving the farm or origin. A. Government B. State C. USDA D. PETA 20. The best or proper form of identification for registered animals is ______________. A. Ear Notching B. Tattoo Identification C. Ear Tags D. None of the above 21. Dressing percentage can be affected by __________________. A. Gut Fill B. Muscling C. Fatness D. All of the above Section 3: Fill in the Blank (14 total points) Directions: List the steps to properly band a lamb at 3-5 days old. 2 points each. 22._______ _______________________________________________ 23.________ _______________________________________________ 24._________ ______________________________________________ 25._______ ________________________________________________ NAME:___________________________ DATE:_____________________ SHEEP INDUSTRY UNITE EXAM 100 TOAL POINTS POSSIBLE 26.________ ______________________________________________ 27._________ _____________________________________________ 28.__________ ____________________________________________ Section 4: Short Answer (12 total points) Directions: Answer each question using 3-5 complete sentences. Make sure sentences are grammatically correct. 4 points each. 29. Compare and contrast the difference between a ram and a wether? 30. Compare and contrast the different identification tags i e, ear tag, scrapie tag, tattoo identification, and ear notching. 31. The quality of wool can be determined by many factors, list and describe each factor? NAME:___________________________ DATE:_____________________ SHEEP INDUSTRY UNITE EXAM 100 TOAL POINTS POSSIBLE Section 5: Matching (11 total points) Directions: Write the word from the word bank next to the appropriate definition. 1 point each. A. Milk Fever F. Overeating K. Toxoplasmosis Abortion B. Sore Mouth G. Tetanus L. Bloody Scours C. Overeating H. Scrapie M. Mastitis D. Yield I. Blade Shears N. Machine Shears E. Wool J. Crimp O. Fiber _______ 32. Sudden change in feed causes bacteria ________33. A viral disease that is highly contagious ________34. Abortion caused by cats ________35. The measurement of thickness of wool fiber ________36. Usually called blue bag ________37. Ewe’s inability to mobilize calcium ________38. Disease affecting the central nervous system\ ________39. The amount of wool left after washing ________40. The bend of wool fiber ________41. The fibrous protein derived from the skin cells called follicles in sheep ________42. Consist of two blades arranged similarly to scissors except that the hinge NAME:___________________________ DATE:_____________________ SHEEP INDUSTRY UNITE EXAM 100 TOAL POINTS POSSIBLE Section 6: Matching (14 points total) Directions: Match the blanks with the correct wholesale cut of meat. 2 points each. 43. Shank 44. Shoulder 45. Rack 46. Breast 47. Loin 48. Flank 49. Leg Section 7: Calculations (7 total points) Directions: Calculate dressing percentage to the nearest hundredth. Show all calculations. 7 points. 50. Live weight= 120 lbs. Hot carcass weight= 100 lbs.
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