Training for Local People and Mason for Safer Construction
Organized By: DKC Bagh, VKC Mallot & STAR
Date: Feb 23, 2007
Time: 10:00-13:00 Hrs
Participants: Local People and Masons
No. Of participants: 25
Resource person: Mr. Shakeel (President STAR Foundation).
Venue: Sahara Children Academy Mallot.
This training conducted for local people and mason to understand safer
construction. In Mallot, any departments are not in charge of private houses or buildings.
In this village, some masons have not been taken any training for safer construction against
earthquake. Even after the earthquake (2005), some houses were built by non-trained
Owners cannot identify whether such houses are safer against earthquake or not. In
addition, any evaluation system of construction cannot be seen in village level. If we
consider sustainability of safer construction in village level, local people should have
fundamental knowledge of safer construction and ability to identifying safer or not as well
as masons. In this training, damaged buildings, houses and newly constructed buildings
used as demonstration materials. It was useful for participants to understand the
vulnerability of buildings or houses.
To make participants to understand types of buildings and houses damages
To make participants to realize importance of safer construction
To make masons to understand how to construct safer houses
To make a link between local people and local masons
To make strategy for safer construction in village level
Module 1 Most of deaths were caused by collapse of houses or buildings.
Following are objectives of this module;
Building damages ・ Participants understand types of buildings and houses damages
caused by the ・ Participants realize importance of safer construction
Module 2 Following factors should be considered to understand safer
housing. These factors are referred from the poster made by
Factors for safer ERRA, NSET-Nepal, UN HABITAT, and other organizations.
house construction ・ Site Selection
against earthquake ・ Shape of house
・ Doors & Windows
・ Vertical Reinforcement in Walls
・ Horizontal Bands and Corner Strengthening
Module 3 A field visit was arranged for participants and resource persons.
Following were the activities;
Field visit ・ To find damaged houses or buildings
・ To discuss how people should take measures for safer
construction after earthquake.
Module 4 Participants should discuss following theme;
・ Who built houses before the earthquake? Were they trained?
Group Discussion ・ Who built houses after the earthquake? Were they trained?
・ Who should train mason?
・ How to find trained masons in village level
Module 1: Building damages of earthquake 2005:
In villages Mallot, mostly masons have not been taken any training for safer
construction against earthquakes. Even after the earthquake 2005, non-trained masons built
some houses. In this module different damaged buildings and houses shown to the
participants on slides and explained why these buildings collapsed. In this module
participants learnt about the importance of safer construction. It is also clear that most of
the deaths during earthquake occurred due to the unsafe constructions and in future disaster
could be reduced through safer constructions. Participants also suggested that in October
2005’s earthquake the buildings were unsafe, they still feel in their minds the voices of
people under the buildings especially the voices of children in schools buildings. So
through safer construction we can reduce disaster.
Module 2: Factors for safer house construction against earthquake:
In this module Mr. Shakeel (DKC Bagh) & Mr. Ejaz (VKC Mallot) proposed different
factors for safer construction against earthquake. They explained with the help of slides
these factors: Site Selection, Shape of house, Foundation, Plinth, Walls, Doors & Windows,
Vertical Reinforcement in Walls, Horizontal Bands and Corner Strengthening, Roof and
Materials. They explained the importance of these factors one by one. Participants learnt
form this many things about safer house. Especially masons took much interest in this
module and these modules helped them a lot for future safer construction. Now locals can
ask the masons where he is wrong. So it is very beneficial to arrange such trainings for
local people and masons.
Module 3: Field visit:
In this module resource persons arranged a field visit. Participants visited many damaged
buildings. During visit expert masons explained the causes of buildings damage and also
gave suggestions that how to reduce such type of losses in future. During this visit
participants were also shown an under-construction model house according to module 2, to
enable them for their better understandings.
How can people find trained masons in village level?
・ There should be an organization in village, which has all records of all trained
masons. Like RDO.
・ Such masons should be called for safer constructions.
Who should train the masons?
・ Government should provide this training at accessible place.
・ NGO’s should also play their role in such trainings.
・ There should be a department, which proved training to some masons.
・ The trained masons should provide training in their villages for others.
・ Training should provide by expert engineers.
Is it useful for local people to train with masons for safer construction?
・ Yes it is very useful for local people and masons.
・ Practical training is necessary for masons and theory is sufficient for local people.
・ For combine training there should be a good combination with owner and masons.
・ For general awareness it is essential to train locals along with masons.
Whether such types of trainings are required for future? If so, why?
・ Such types of trainings should be in continuation for a long time because:
♦ A vast area is damaged.
♦ Millions of people are affected.
♦ the areas which were developed in more than half of century, could not be
rebuild in a few months or few years.
・ The future training programmes should be arranged on the basis of the
constructions of those countries, which frequently experience such disasters (such
as JAPN, INDONESIA etc), and they combat the losses by modern constructions.
Name Telephone Address Jab
M.Sajid Khan 03455640769 Mallot Lecturer
S.Yawar Abbass 03459715652 Chatter No.2 Bagh Star (Org.)
M.Sadiq Khan Mallot Mason
M.Nasir Khan 03215637087 Mallot Mason
Abdul Waheed Khan Mallot Mason
Mukhtar Shah 03465248303 Mallot Mason
Kamran Nazar 03025486299 Mallot Reporter
Sagheer Ahmed 03028449523 Mallot Mason
Shoket Ahmed 03005512368 Mallot Mason
M.Shakeel Khan Mallot Mason
M.Khursheed Khan 03215649951 Mallot Mason
M.Naseem Khan 03455272805 Mallot Mason
M.Sagheer Khan Mallot Mason
M.Khursheed Khan Mallot Common
Zain Akber Khan Mallot Common
Mumtaz Khan Mallot Common
Ejaz Ahmed Mallot Supervisor
M.Farooq Mallot Mallot Mason
M.Abbass 03345117176 Mallot Mason
M.Zabir Mallot Mason
Khan M.Khan Mallot Shopkeeper
M.Akhter Mallot Mason
M.Ibrham Mallot Mason
M.Perwaz Mallot Mason
M.Kabeer Khan Mallot Mason