history timeline pt 2-synthesis

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history timeline pt 2-synthesis Powered By Docstoc
					Assignment for Thursday Apr 28, 2011

Today you will look over this timeline and create categories of meaning like I did for you the other day with the first one. If you remember, I
divided the timeline into:

       Exploration/Settlement
       Colonization
       Governments
       Constitutions
       Religion
       Economics

You will do it a little bit different but with the same idea. I have color-coded different parts of the timeline.

Read each section, one color at a time.

For each color you are to synthesize what the section means in as few words as possible. For example, the first section (highlighted in yellow) is
all about what African-Americans and slavery in South Carolina, and why slaves were needed.

There are 13 sections. Number a sheet of paper 1-13 and begin even doing the one above that I did as an example for you.

You are to do each one TODAY and email it to me as soon as you are done.

If you finish before the period is over go back to the website you have been studying and finish working on that.

 We will have a test on the section tomorrow and then begin the Civil War on Monday. Remember, I need this before you leave today. Make
sure you understand the directions before you begin.

US History

Grade 8

1700s                                                                  Mercantilism caused French and British                     The colonists thought that all of these things
African American population                                             economic rivalry                                            Were unfair because Parliament shouldn’t be
        SCs natural resources brought economic                        The rivalry led to several wars                   controlling them, the King should because he was the
         wealth                                                        French-Indian war started in Ohio between         one who established the colonies
        SC learned slave system from settlers from                     Britain (England) and France with Indian allies            The colonists weren’t even being represented
         Barbados-                                                     Britain thought French were trespassing                     because they didn’t have any representation in
        SC traded cattle and Indian slaves with                       The war spread to Europe – called Seven Years               Parliament
         Barbados                                                       War                                                        This is the root of the term “taxation without
        SC geography great for rice (Carolina Gold)                   Britain (England) won the French-Indian war so              representation”
         planting                                                       the French turned over all land east of the                Tax collectors faced violence (tarred and
        More settlers came to get rich                                 Mississippi                                                 feathered)
        Eliza Lucas planted indigo to make blue dye                   Spanish took over the rest of North America                Representatives from nine colonies met to
         new cash crop                                                 French-Indian War contributed to the                        discuss how to fight the tax
        Growing rice and indigo required more slaves                   Cherokee war because the Cherokee had                      The meeting was called Stamp Act Congress
        Government thought there were too many                         helped the British but the British didn’t help             SCs representatives were John Rutledge,
         slaves but never limited slave trade                           them against the French and other Indians                   Thomas Lynch, and Christopher Gadsden
        England (British) got rich off of the colonies’ by            The war expanded the indigo trade because                  They agreed not to import any goods from
         controlling trade – mercantilism – paid                        Britain (England) couldn’t get it from France               Britain until the repealed (withdrew) the tax
         colonists (subsidies or bounties) to grow indigo               now                                                        The reaction in Charles Town and by the
               o Colonists had to use British ships for       Causes of the American Revolution                                     governor William Bull was strong - closed
                    exports                                            Someone had to pay Britain’s debt after the                 government and ports – reopened ports with
               o Colonists had to send certain goods                    wars                                                        requirement to obtain a permit
                    directly to England                                So Parliament (British legislative body) made              The Stamp Act was repealed but other taxes
               o All goods colonists sold to other                      the colonists do it by charging them to keep a              and acts were enforced – all to make money
                    countries had to be shipped to                      “standing army” there, raising rates on luxury             SC colonists put candles in windows to
                    Britain first                                       items (called the Sugar Act), and now not                   celebrate the repeal or faced violence
               o Britain collected taxes (duties) on all                allowing things to be smuggled in anymore                  Then Parliament instructed colonists to let
                    goods                                               (enforced writs of assistance)                              soldiers live in their homes – SC refused
               o Sometimes the government allowed                      They also enforced The Stamp Act- tax on                   Eventually all taxes were repealed except the
                    things to be smuggled in without                    paper used for legal documents, newspapers,                 one on tea
                    collecting taxes                                    and playing cards                                          Britain gave the East India Tea Company a
Trouble                                                                It was a direct tax added to the price of an                monopoly on the tea trade in America
        Colonists believed Britain (England) didn’t do                 item specifically for Britain to raise money               Since no one else could sell tea it hurt business
         enough to protect them from Indians, French,                                                                               of the colonists
         Spanish                                                                                                                   After many SC vs. SC fights the Loyalists were
        And the colonists had to pay taxes on the tea                                                                              quieted (Treaty of Ninety Six)
        Colonists didn’t like this                           War                                                              

       In Boston colonists dressed up like Indians got           Delegates to First Continental Congress               The Provincial Congress (formerly General
        on the ships bringing in the tea and threw it              decided to be ready for British attack so they         Committee of 99) drafted and adopted a
        overboard (Sons of Liberty-Christopher                     established militia (minutemen who were to             constitution of no imports and no exports until
        Gadsden)                                                   be ready on a minute’s notice)                         the tension between colonies and Britain
       In SC Governor Bull took the tea and stored it            British left Boston to steal gunpowder the             ended
        in the Exchange Building                                   colonists had stored in Concord                       This made them a state and no longer a
       Parliament punished Boston by closing the                 “The British are Coming” was cried when Paul           colony-they had a lower house an upper house
        harbor, changing the political structure,                  Revere and William Dawes rode through the              and a president of the state
        suspending royal meetings, and ordering royal              countryside                                           Lower House (Low country) had more
        officers who committed crimes back to Britain             In Lexington 70 minutemen were waiting in              representatives because of the population and
        for punishment                                             town-the British commander said leave or get           to keep government in the hands of patriots
       These punishments were named the                           shot-someone yelled “Fire” and the British             and elite
        Intolerable Acts                                           started shooting killing many colonists and           In Philadelphia delegates of the Second
       SC helped Boston by sending them rice to eat               making the others angrier than they already            Continental Congress (meeting) and SC after
       Sc sent representatives (John Rutledge,                    were                                                   changing their minds between votes voted to
        Edward Rutledge, Thomas Lynch, Henry                      In Concord Americans were waiting for British          totally dissolve (do away with) all political
        Middleton) to Philadelphia 1774 to discuss a               troops in hiding places and fired on them              connection between the colonies and Great
        way to deal with Parliament’s actions (called              forcing them to retreat (“The Shot heard               Britain
        the first Continental Congress)                            ‘round the world”) began change                       On July 4, 1776, Independence Day, the
       SC also established a General Committee of 99             The Second Continental Congress established a          Declaration of Independence was announced
        to oversee the colony while there was no                   Continental Army under George Washington               (SC signers Edward Rutledge, Arthur
        legislature                                               They tried to make peace at first but it was too       Middleton, Thomas Lynch Jr, Thomas
       Some of the SC representatives wanted a                    late-Britain declared the colonies in rebellion        Heyward) and the war became a struggle for
        peaceful solution and some wanted                          and hired German mercenaries (soldiers paid            independence and no longer about changing
        independence from Britain                                  to fight for someone) – and the war was on             British control.
       The Continental Association Committee             War – SC against SC                                            Women managed farms and plantations while
        designed an agreement among the colonies to               Civil War erupted in SC between the Patriots           the men were away at war. Some were
        trade just with each other and not Britain                 (Low Country) and the Loyalists (Up Country)           involved with the war.
       They made an exception for rice which they                Because of the strength and activity of the           The Continental Army (SC and colony troops
        needed to trade to survive                                 Loyalist SC had more Rev. War battles than             against the British) with slave labor crushed
       Some South Carolinians wanted a peaceful                   any colony.                                            the British by keeping Loyalists from helping
        solution so they could remain a part of the               There were lots of fights between small groups         them and by building a fort made of palmetto
        British empire and continue to make lots of                in SC (skirmishes)                                     logs that withstood British cannonballs at
        money (called Patriots)                                   Tension was caused by groups trying to                 Sullivan’s Island
       Some South Carolinians supported the king                  persuade Up Country residents to join the             Britain had a hard time moving around in the
        and Britain no matter what (called Loyalists)              Patriots                                               deep water and the palmetto tree fort was
        most of them had positions they didn’t want to            Immigrants not from either area just wanted            also a problem
        lose                                                       to be left alone                                      The Palmetto Tree was added to South
       Some South Carolinians didn’t care and just                                                                       Carolina’s flag because of the Palmetto Log’s
        Wanted to be left alone                                                                                           importance

Names                                                        They were retreated they stood up and fought till they
         Loyalist=Torie=British=Redcoat                     won
         Patriot=Rebel=Whig

African Americans
        When the Patriots started losing in the South
         they considered giving slaves guns but were
         afraid slaves would rebel so they gave them
         positions as cooks, engineers to free up Whites
         her were in those roles
        British officers created a unit called Black
         Carolina Corps, a group of armed freed slaves.
        Women roles included farming, spying, taking
         care of troops in their homes, nursing…
        Charleston-Charles Town was the 2 battle of
         the Rev War. The British wanted it to use as a
         base to launch attacks from.
        British tried to capture Sullivan’s island to use
         it as a base if they couldn’t get to Charles Town
        Charles Town was lost to the British and they
         captured many Patriot (American) troops.
         Many men tactics caused more Patriots to get
         on the side of America
        Battle of Camden-Patriot leaders suggested
         that Officer Gates take his troops to Charleston
         but instead they went through Camden where
         there wasn’t much food thus the troops were
         weakened. Patriots (Americans) lost.
        Battle of Kings Mountain-Patriot leaders used
         guerilla warfare to launch sneak attacks and
        Francis Marion – Swamp Fox led sneak attacks
        Thomas Sumter-Gamecock led sneak attacks
        Patriot minutemen ambushed Loyalists and
         beat them (turning point)
        Battle of Cowpens-American forces tricked the
         British. They divided their troops into two
         groups had one shoot and run, the next group
         shoot and run and while the opponent thought


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