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                              Industrial Revolution
                                                     This is your first written TouchPoint. In this
                                                     project, you will begin to work on your
                                                     high school writing and research abilities.
                                                     You will select an item from the list of
                                                     Industrial Revolution inventions in this
                                                     packet, do research on the invention, and
                                                     analyze the item to decide whether the
                                                     invention you researched had a positive or
                                                     negative impact on the world. You will also
                                                     learn to support your analysis with research.

                                         Essay Prompt
An invention can change the course of human history. The Industrial Revolution that began in
the early 19th century was a time period of unparalleled creativity in invention for the Western
World. In a four paragraph essay, choose one invention from this time period, explore the
positive and negative impacts and argue whether the invention was an overall positive or
negative contribution to the world.

                            Inventions of the 18th and 19th Centuries

           Airplane                     Iron making                   Pasteurization
           Assembly line                Eastman Kodak                 Phonograph
           Automobile                    Company                       Plastics
           Batteries                    Electric Light                Radio
           Bathysphere                  Factories                     Railways
           Blight resistant             Gas lighting                  Rockets
            potatoes                     Glass making                  Saxophone
           Blue jeans                   Hot dogs                      Sewing machine
           Braille                      Incandescent light            Steam Engine
           Canals                        bulb                          Steel
           Can Opener                   Machine tools                 Steel Plow
           Cash register                Mechanical Reaper             Telegraph
           Chemicals                    Metallurgy                    Telephone
           Child labor                  Mills                         Television
           Coca cola                    Morse code                    Textile mills and
           Conical bullets              Movies                         factories
           Cotton Gin                   Navigable rivers              Vaccines
           First electric motor         Paper machine                 X-ray
           Dynamite

                                How do I know what is Significant?
When researchers analyze a topic for its significance, impact, or importance, they look at how a
particular event in history (in this case, an invention) made a change to the course of society's
development in several different areas.

Here's an acrostic to help you remember which areas to look at for significance when
researching. Think PERSIA:
                               Political
                               Economic
                               Religious
                               Social
                               Intellectual
                               Artistic

Let's try an example from before the Industrial Revolution -- Gutenberg's movable type printing
Political: Gutenberg's press allowed printing to
        become much cheaper and quicker.
        Revolutionaries, like in France and the
        American colonies, used printed pamphlets
        to incite support for their rebellions.
Economic: Cheap printing lead to the rise of mass
        advertising, which stimulated an new type of
        consumer economy.
Religious: Protestants separating from the Catholic
        church in Europe were able to use Gutenberg
        presses to make cheap translations of The
        Bible in the language of local communities.
        This allowed support for the Reformation to
        develop. Protestantism is still a major world
        religion today.
Social: Since printed materials became more readily
        available, education was developed to
        encourage literacy, leading to the
        development of more literate societies and
        literary forms like pamphlets and novels.
Intellectual: The spread of printed materials lead to
        the greater spread of ideas which encouraged education and learning.
Artistic: The printing press and the spread of printed materials allowed the printed works of
        artists to be spread more widely, leading to a greater exchange of ideas about a wide
        variety of artistic areas.

                                         Create an Outline
   I.   History Invention
         who
         what
         when
         where
         why
         how
Thesis Statement - argue the impact and significance of the invention
  II.   Body
       Argue Impact
       Quote from Research to support impact
       Commentary/Explanation
 III.   Negative Impacts
       Argue Impact
       Quote from Research to support impact
       Commentary/Explanation
 IV.    Cost/Benefit
       Recap -
       Argue +/-
                                Steps for Starting Your Research...
Understand the assignment. Read the entire assignment and the rubric. Know what is expected
in order to create a high quality product. Identify your focus. What type of research paper are
you creating?
Report: Sometimes, a teacher will assign topics or give students a range of topics to choose from
        and ask that the students write a research paper on the topic. This type of research paper
        is really a form of individual study. The measure of success is how well the student can
        conduct research, analyze and organize the information and communicate it clearly in
        written form. Frequently, reports require an oral presentation to the class as well.
Issue Analysis: A research paper may highlight a particular issue or problem in a field of study.
        The paper may focus on analysis of the issue and its solutions, possibly from both
        historical and current perspectives. The posture of the writer is frequently that of a neutral
        observer more than an advocate for a particular position. The success of the paper is often
        based on how completely and clearly the writer has identified the key aspects of the issue
        and their significance to the field to which they relate.
Advocacy or Persuasion
A research paper may involve taking a stand on an issue and defending it against opposing points
        of view. The student will research the issues and read others' arguments for and against.
        The paper will anticipate and deflect arguments against the position, while presenting
        supporting evidence in favor of the position. Success will depend on how persuasively
        the paper makes its case and defends against possible opposition.
Be sure you understand what kind of a paper you've been asked to write, since the approach
you'd take could be vastly different, depending on the purpose of the paper and the expectations
of your instructor!

Consider the Process You will Use: A research paper involves an extensive process before you can
        generate a quality product. If you focus too quickly on the end product, you may miss
        some of the important research steps and find yourself writing a paper without enough
        understanding of the topic to do an A+ job.
         Set your deadlines for each step of the assignment
         Pay attention to due dates.
         Break the assignment up in do-able chunks.
         Select a topic
         Be careful when you select your topic. Choose something in which you already have
             an interest.
Info Search… Browse, Read, Relax: Start by thumbing through the textbooks or the assignment
        packet. Browse the table of contents, chapter headings and subheadings, to get an
        overview of the subject matter. Visit your library and browse in the catalog and reference
        room to find out what sources are held by the library which may relate to your class.
        Browse some of the subject-indexed sources on the internet with the same purpose. Find
        quality resources with which to conduct research. Stay away from Wikipedia which
        frequently lacks citations and while useful is not a quotable resource.
Relate Your Prior Experience and Learning; The process of successful research and writing involves
        building on what you know. You don't need to know a lot about a subject in order to use
        it as your topic, but choosing one you're totally unfamiliar with could be a mistake. It
        may take so much time and effort to become informed about the subject that you don't
        really have time to get into the depth required by your assignment.
Jot down Your Questions and Ideas about Possible Topics: Use your notebook to starting recording
        questions which interest you or ideas for possible topics. Now would be a good time to
        use "PERSIA".
Brainstorm Alone and with Others: Toss ideas around in your mind. Talk to others about your
        assignment and your ideas for completing the assignment. Many times another person
        will have a fresh perspective you might not have thought of, or something they say will
        trigger an idea for you.
Analyze and organize your information: The word "analyze" means to break something down into
        its parts. A meaningful analysis identifies the parts and demonstrates how they relate to
        each other. You may have information from different sources which examines different
        aspects of your topic. By breaking down the information, you may be able to see
        relationships between the different sources and form them into a whole concept.

       When you're trying to make sense of the information coming out of your research
       process, you often have to look at it from different perspectives and sometimes have to
       step back and try to get a "big picture" view. Some ways to do this are to try out different
       organization patterns: compare and contrast, advantages and disadvantages, starting from
       a narrow premise and building on it, cause and effect, logical sequence. There are many
       tools to use in analyzing and organizing research findings, such as webbing, outlining,
       cubing, and mapping.

                                       Research Organizer
Analytical Essay – Remember…the word "analyze" means to break something down into its
parts. A meaningful analysis identifies the parts and demonstrates how they relate to each other.
Introduce the invention

Positive impacts
PERSIA Evidence

Negative impact
PERSIA Evidence

Argue your opinion and conclude


        Student’s First and Last Name
        Teacher; Subject, Period 1 (list every teacher involved)
        23 February 2012
        Word Count: ###
                                                            Interesting Title
                 “During your school career you have probably written many personal essays that presented your thoughts,
        feelings, and opinions and that did not refer to any other source of information or ideas. Some subjects and
        assignments, however, require us to go beyond our personal knowledge and experience. We undertake research
        when we wish to explore an idea, probe an issue, solve a problem, or make an argument that compels us to turn to
        outside help. We then seek out, investigate, and use materials beyond our personal resources. The findings and
        conclusions of such an inquiry appear in the research paper. The term research paper describes a presentation of
        student research that may be in a printed, an electronic, or a multimedia format. “(Gibaldi 3)
                 MLA is the required formatting method used by many of Mira Loma’s teachers as well as being
        exclusively used on all touch point assignments at all grade levels. MLA is also a widely used component of
        UC/CSU level assignments.
Office 2007; how do I….?
                                         Click on the home tab, go to the styles group, click the more button in the styles group. Find
 Pick the correct style                  “no spacing” and click it. After you have done this, format the paper based on MLA
                                         I” margins are the default for Word 2007. In the event you have to change margins for any
                                         reason, click on the page layout tab, go to the “page setup” group, click on margins list
 Set 1”margins
                                         arrow. Select your margin preference from the list or scroll down to the bottom to select
 Create the header with a page           Click on the insert tab. In the header/ footer group, click on the page number list arrow,
 number and right align my last          select top of page, scroll to the third option “plain number 3” and click. Place insertion point
 name                                    in front of the inserted page number, key you name and a space.
 Exit a header/footer                    Double click anywhere on the document.
 Left align my full name                 On the home tab, in the paragraph group select “align right”.
                                         Underneath your name, key in your teacher’s names and subjects in MLA format.
 Key in all my teacher’s names
                                         Ex; Mr. Trout; English, Period 1
                                         Go to the insert tab, in the text group; select “Date & Time”. Select the ninth option on the
 Insert a date
                                         list check the “automatically update” box and click “ok”.
 Add a title                             On the home tab, in the paragraph group, click on the center button. Key your title.
                                         Make sure you can see your ruler…if you can’t, go the view tab and select your ruler by
 Create a first line indent              clicking the box for your ruler. Once your ruler is activated, drag the TOP TRIANGLE
                                         ONLY to the ½” mark on the ruler.
 Insert a page break                     On the insert tab, in the “pages” group, click on “page break”.
                                         Make sure you can see your ruler…if you can’t, go the view tab and select your ruler by
 Create a hanging indent                 clicking the box for your ruler. Once your ruler is activated, drag the SECOND
                                         TRIANGLE WITH THE ATTACHED BOX to the ½” mark on the ruler.
                                         Select your text. The easiest way to select the entire document is to hold down the “ctrl’ key
 Double space
                                         and “a” key at the same time. Then hold the “ctrl” key and the “2” key at the same time.
                                               Work Cited (belongs on a page all by itself)

        Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th. New York: Modern Language Association of
                 America, 2003. Print.

                                                                               International Studies Assessment Criteria
    Criterion               0                            1-2                                3-4                                 5-6                               7-8                                 9-10                    SCORE

     Content       Has not reached a       Demonstrates a very limited        Demonstrates a limited              Demonstrates a sufficient         Demonstrates a good               Demonstrates a perceptive
                   standard described by   understanding of the topic or      understanding of the relevant       understanding of the relevant     understanding of the relevant     understanding of the relevant
                   any of the              theme. The work lacks detail,      aspects of the topic or theme.      aspects of the topic or theme.    aspects of the topic or theme.    aspects of the topic or theme. Work
                   descriptors.            development and support.           Work displays insufficient          Work displays adequate            Work displays substantial         consistently displays illustrative
                                           Creative pieces do not reflect     detail, development, and            detail, development, and          detail, development, and          detail, development, and support.
                                           imagination and sensitivity.       support. Creative pieces            support. Creative pieces          support. Creative pieces          Creative pieces reflect a high
                                           Response to literature             reflect limited imagination         reflect a degree of               reflect substantial               degree of imagination sensitivity.
                                           demonstrates little or no          and sensitivity. Response to        imagination and sensitivity.      imagination and sensitivity.      Response to literature
                                           awareness of the author’s          literature sometimes                Response to literature            Response to literature            demonstrates sophisticated
                                           intention or techniques.           demonstrates an awareness           demonstrates an awareness of      demonstrates a good               analysis of the author’s intention or
                                           Demonstrates little to no          of the author’s intention or        the author’s intention or         appreciation of the author’s      techniques. Demonstrates an in-
                                           understanding of historical        techniques. Demonstrates            techniques. Demonstrates          intention or techniques.          depth understanding of historical
                                           concepts and connections.          limited understanding of            sufficient understanding of       Demonstrates a good               concepts and connections.
                                                                              historical concepts and             historical concepts and           understanding of historical
                                                                              connections.                        connections.                      concepts and connections.

Organization       Has not reached a       Work is generally                  Work shows the beginnings           Work is basically organized,      Work is usually well              Work is consistently well
                   standard described by   disorganized and confused,         of organization, but lacks          clear, and coherent, and          organized, clear and              organized, clear and coherent,
                   any of the              and arguments are not              significant logical order.          arguments are presented in a      coherent, and arguments are       and arguments are presented in a
                   descriptors.            presented in a logical             Paragraph structure and             logical manner. Paragraph         presented in a thoughtful,        perceptive and persuasive
                                           manner. Paragraph                  transitions are weak. When          structure and transitions are     logical manner. Paragraph         manner. Paragraph structure and
                                                                              such devices are required, little   apparent. When such devices       structure and transitions help    transitions effectively develop and
                                           structure and transitions are      attention is paid to MLA and        are required, some attention is   to develop the ideas. When        substantiate the ideas being
                                           very weak. When such devices       paper formatting conventions.       paid to MLA and paper             such devices are required,        expressed. When such devices are
                                           are required, no attention is                                          formatting conventions.           sufficient attention is paid to   required, MLA and paper
                                           paid to MLA and paper                                                                                    MLA and paper formatting          formatting conventions are used in
                                           formatting conventions.                                                                                  conventions.                      a sophisticated manner.

Style & Language   Has not reached a       Usage of vocabulary is often       Usage of vocabulary is               Usage of vocabulary is           Usage of vocabulary is            Usage of vocabulary is always
                   standard described by   inappropriate and limited.         sometimes inappropriate and         usually appropriate and           appropriate and varied.           appropriate and greatly varied,
                   any of the              Very frequent errors in            somewhat varied. Regular            generally varied. Some            Occasional errors in spelling,    with very infrequent in spelling,
                   descriptors.            spelling, pronunciation,           errors in spelling,                 errors in spelling,               pronunciation, punctuation and    pronunciation, punctuation and
                                           punctuation and syntax             pronunciation, punctuation and      pronunciation, punctuation and    syntax rarely hinder              syntax. He/she has mastered the
                                           persistently hinder                syntax hinder communication.        syntax sometimes hinder           communication. He/she             use of a register suitable to
                                           communication. Little              He/she attempts to use a            communication. He/she often       consistently uses a register      intention and audience
                                           attempt has been made to use       register suitable to intention      uses a register suitable to       suitable to intention and
                                           a register suitable to intention   and audience.                       intention and audience.           audience.
                                           and audience.

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