This is your first written TouchPoint. In this
project, you will begin to work on your
high school writing and research abilities.
You will select an item from the list of
Industrial Revolution inventions in this
packet, do research on the invention, and
analyze the item to decide whether the
invention you researched had a positive or
negative impact on the world. You will also
learn to support your analysis with research.
An invention can change the course of human history. The Industrial Revolution that began in
the early 19th century was a time period of unparalleled creativity in invention for the Western
World. In a four paragraph essay, choose one invention from this time period, explore the
positive and negative impacts and argue whether the invention was an overall positive or
negative contribution to the world.
Inventions of the 18th and 19th Centuries
Airplane Iron making Pasteurization
Assembly line Eastman Kodak Phonograph
Automobile Company Plastics
Batteries Electric Light Radio
Bathysphere Factories Railways
Blight resistant Gas lighting Rockets
potatoes Glass making Saxophone
Blue jeans Hot dogs Sewing machine
Braille Incandescent light Steam Engine
Canals bulb Steel
Can Opener Machine tools Steel Plow
Cash register Mechanical Reaper Telegraph
Chemicals Metallurgy Telephone
Child labor Mills Television
Coca cola Morse code Textile mills and
Conical bullets Movies factories
Cotton Gin Navigable rivers Vaccines
First electric motor Paper machine X-ray
How do I know what is Significant?
When researchers analyze a topic for its significance, impact, or importance, they look at how a
particular event in history (in this case, an invention) made a change to the course of society's
development in several different areas.
Here's an acrostic to help you remember which areas to look at for significance when
researching. Think PERSIA:
Let's try an example from before the Industrial Revolution -- Gutenberg's movable type printing
Political: Gutenberg's press allowed printing to
become much cheaper and quicker.
Revolutionaries, like in France and the
American colonies, used printed pamphlets
to incite support for their rebellions.
Economic: Cheap printing lead to the rise of mass
advertising, which stimulated an new type of
Religious: Protestants separating from the Catholic
church in Europe were able to use Gutenberg
presses to make cheap translations of The
Bible in the language of local communities.
This allowed support for the Reformation to
develop. Protestantism is still a major world
Social: Since printed materials became more readily
available, education was developed to
encourage literacy, leading to the
development of more literate societies and
literary forms like pamphlets and novels.
Intellectual: The spread of printed materials lead to
the greater spread of ideas which encouraged education and learning.
Artistic: The printing press and the spread of printed materials allowed the printed works of
artists to be spread more widely, leading to a greater exchange of ideas about a wide
variety of artistic areas.
Create an Outline
I. History Invention
Thesis Statement - argue the impact and significance of the invention
Quote from Research to support impact
III. Negative Impacts
Quote from Research to support impact
Steps for Starting Your Research...
Understand the assignment. Read the entire assignment and the rubric. Know what is expected
in order to create a high quality product. Identify your focus. What type of research paper are
Report: Sometimes, a teacher will assign topics or give students a range of topics to choose from
and ask that the students write a research paper on the topic. This type of research paper
is really a form of individual study. The measure of success is how well the student can
conduct research, analyze and organize the information and communicate it clearly in
written form. Frequently, reports require an oral presentation to the class as well.
Issue Analysis: A research paper may highlight a particular issue or problem in a field of study.
The paper may focus on analysis of the issue and its solutions, possibly from both
historical and current perspectives. The posture of the writer is frequently that of a neutral
observer more than an advocate for a particular position. The success of the paper is often
based on how completely and clearly the writer has identified the key aspects of the issue
and their significance to the field to which they relate.
Advocacy or Persuasion
A research paper may involve taking a stand on an issue and defending it against opposing points
of view. The student will research the issues and read others' arguments for and against.
The paper will anticipate and deflect arguments against the position, while presenting
supporting evidence in favor of the position. Success will depend on how persuasively
the paper makes its case and defends against possible opposition.
Be sure you understand what kind of a paper you've been asked to write, since the approach
you'd take could be vastly different, depending on the purpose of the paper and the expectations
of your instructor!
Consider the Process You will Use: A research paper involves an extensive process before you can
generate a quality product. If you focus too quickly on the end product, you may miss
some of the important research steps and find yourself writing a paper without enough
understanding of the topic to do an A+ job.
Set your deadlines for each step of the assignment
Pay attention to due dates.
Break the assignment up in do-able chunks.
Select a topic
Be careful when you select your topic. Choose something in which you already have
Info Search… Browse, Read, Relax: Start by thumbing through the textbooks or the assignment
packet. Browse the table of contents, chapter headings and subheadings, to get an
overview of the subject matter. Visit your library and browse in the catalog and reference
room to find out what sources are held by the library which may relate to your class.
Browse some of the subject-indexed sources on the internet with the same purpose. Find
quality resources with which to conduct research. Stay away from Wikipedia which
frequently lacks citations and while useful is not a quotable resource.
Relate Your Prior Experience and Learning; The process of successful research and writing involves
building on what you know. You don't need to know a lot about a subject in order to use
it as your topic, but choosing one you're totally unfamiliar with could be a mistake. It
may take so much time and effort to become informed about the subject that you don't
really have time to get into the depth required by your assignment.
Jot down Your Questions and Ideas about Possible Topics: Use your notebook to starting recording
questions which interest you or ideas for possible topics. Now would be a good time to
Brainstorm Alone and with Others: Toss ideas around in your mind. Talk to others about your
assignment and your ideas for completing the assignment. Many times another person
will have a fresh perspective you might not have thought of, or something they say will
trigger an idea for you.
Analyze and organize your information: The word "analyze" means to break something down into
its parts. A meaningful analysis identifies the parts and demonstrates how they relate to
each other. You may have information from different sources which examines different
aspects of your topic. By breaking down the information, you may be able to see
relationships between the different sources and form them into a whole concept.
When you're trying to make sense of the information coming out of your research
process, you often have to look at it from different perspectives and sometimes have to
step back and try to get a "big picture" view. Some ways to do this are to try out different
organization patterns: compare and contrast, advantages and disadvantages, starting from
a narrow premise and building on it, cause and effect, logical sequence. There are many
tools to use in analyzing and organizing research findings, such as webbing, outlining,
cubing, and mapping.
Analytical Essay – Remember…the word "analyze" means to break something down into its
parts. A meaningful analysis identifies the parts and demonstrates how they relate to each other.
Introduce the invention
Argue your opinion and conclude
Student’s First and Last Name
Teacher; Subject, Period 1 (list every teacher involved)
23 February 2012
Word Count: ###
“During your school career you have probably written many personal essays that presented your thoughts,
feelings, and opinions and that did not refer to any other source of information or ideas. Some subjects and
assignments, however, require us to go beyond our personal knowledge and experience. We undertake research
when we wish to explore an idea, probe an issue, solve a problem, or make an argument that compels us to turn to
outside help. We then seek out, investigate, and use materials beyond our personal resources. The findings and
conclusions of such an inquiry appear in the research paper. The term research paper describes a presentation of
student research that may be in a printed, an electronic, or a multimedia format. “(Gibaldi 3)
MLA is the required formatting method used by many of Mira Loma’s teachers as well as being
exclusively used on all touch point assignments at all grade levels. MLA is also a widely used component of
UC/CSU level assignments.
Office 2007; how do I….?
Click on the home tab, go to the styles group, click the more button in the styles group. Find
Pick the correct style “no spacing” and click it. After you have done this, format the paper based on MLA
I” margins are the default for Word 2007. In the event you have to change margins for any
reason, click on the page layout tab, go to the “page setup” group, click on margins list
arrow. Select your margin preference from the list or scroll down to the bottom to select
Create the header with a page Click on the insert tab. In the header/ footer group, click on the page number list arrow,
number and right align my last select top of page, scroll to the third option “plain number 3” and click. Place insertion point
name in front of the inserted page number, key you name and a space.
Exit a header/footer Double click anywhere on the document.
Left align my full name On the home tab, in the paragraph group select “align right”.
Underneath your name, key in your teacher’s names and subjects in MLA format.
Key in all my teacher’s names
Ex; Mr. Trout; English, Period 1
Go to the insert tab, in the text group; select “Date & Time”. Select the ninth option on the
Insert a date
list check the “automatically update” box and click “ok”.
Add a title On the home tab, in the paragraph group, click on the center button. Key your title.
Make sure you can see your ruler…if you can’t, go the view tab and select your ruler by
Create a first line indent clicking the box for your ruler. Once your ruler is activated, drag the TOP TRIANGLE
ONLY to the ½” mark on the ruler.
Insert a page break On the insert tab, in the “pages” group, click on “page break”.
Make sure you can see your ruler…if you can’t, go the view tab and select your ruler by
Create a hanging indent clicking the box for your ruler. Once your ruler is activated, drag the SECOND
TRIANGLE WITH THE ATTACHED BOX to the ½” mark on the ruler.
Select your text. The easiest way to select the entire document is to hold down the “ctrl’ key
and “a” key at the same time. Then hold the “ctrl” key and the “2” key at the same time.
Work Cited (belongs on a page all by itself)
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th. New York: Modern Language Association of
America, 2003. Print.
International Studies Assessment Criteria
Criterion 0 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 SCORE
Content Has not reached a Demonstrates a very limited Demonstrates a limited Demonstrates a sufficient Demonstrates a good Demonstrates a perceptive
standard described by understanding of the topic or understanding of the relevant understanding of the relevant understanding of the relevant understanding of the relevant
any of the theme. The work lacks detail, aspects of the topic or theme. aspects of the topic or theme. aspects of the topic or theme. aspects of the topic or theme. Work
descriptors. development and support. Work displays insufficient Work displays adequate Work displays substantial consistently displays illustrative
Creative pieces do not reflect detail, development, and detail, development, and detail, development, and detail, development, and support.
imagination and sensitivity. support. Creative pieces support. Creative pieces support. Creative pieces Creative pieces reflect a high
Response to literature reflect limited imagination reflect a degree of reflect substantial degree of imagination sensitivity.
demonstrates little or no and sensitivity. Response to imagination and sensitivity. imagination and sensitivity. Response to literature
awareness of the author’s literature sometimes Response to literature Response to literature demonstrates sophisticated
intention or techniques. demonstrates an awareness demonstrates an awareness of demonstrates a good analysis of the author’s intention or
Demonstrates little to no of the author’s intention or the author’s intention or appreciation of the author’s techniques. Demonstrates an in-
understanding of historical techniques. Demonstrates techniques. Demonstrates intention or techniques. depth understanding of historical
concepts and connections. limited understanding of sufficient understanding of Demonstrates a good concepts and connections.
historical concepts and historical concepts and understanding of historical
connections. connections. concepts and connections.
Organization Has not reached a Work is generally Work shows the beginnings Work is basically organized, Work is usually well Work is consistently well
standard described by disorganized and confused, of organization, but lacks clear, and coherent, and organized, clear and organized, clear and coherent,
any of the and arguments are not significant logical order. arguments are presented in a coherent, and arguments are and arguments are presented in a
descriptors. presented in a logical Paragraph structure and logical manner. Paragraph presented in a thoughtful, perceptive and persuasive
manner. Paragraph transitions are weak. When structure and transitions are logical manner. Paragraph manner. Paragraph structure and
such devices are required, little apparent. When such devices structure and transitions help transitions effectively develop and
structure and transitions are attention is paid to MLA and are required, some attention is to develop the ideas. When substantiate the ideas being
very weak. When such devices paper formatting conventions. paid to MLA and paper such devices are required, expressed. When such devices are
are required, no attention is formatting conventions. sufficient attention is paid to required, MLA and paper
paid to MLA and paper MLA and paper formatting formatting conventions are used in
formatting conventions. conventions. a sophisticated manner.
Style & Language Has not reached a Usage of vocabulary is often Usage of vocabulary is Usage of vocabulary is Usage of vocabulary is Usage of vocabulary is always
standard described by inappropriate and limited. sometimes inappropriate and usually appropriate and appropriate and varied. appropriate and greatly varied,
any of the Very frequent errors in somewhat varied. Regular generally varied. Some Occasional errors in spelling, with very infrequent in spelling,
descriptors. spelling, pronunciation, errors in spelling, errors in spelling, pronunciation, punctuation and pronunciation, punctuation and
punctuation and syntax pronunciation, punctuation and pronunciation, punctuation and syntax rarely hinder syntax. He/she has mastered the
persistently hinder syntax hinder communication. syntax sometimes hinder communication. He/she use of a register suitable to
communication. Little He/she attempts to use a communication. He/she often consistently uses a register intention and audience
attempt has been made to use register suitable to intention uses a register suitable to suitable to intention and
a register suitable to intention and audience. intention and audience. audience.