Assessment for learning: quotes and questions

Document Sample
Assessment for learning: quotes and questions Powered By Docstoc
					          Assessment for learning:
            quotes and questions

Professor Ranald Macdonald
• FSEDA, FHEA
• National Teaching Fellow
• Chair, SEDA Research Committee
• Associate Director, Centre for
  Promoting Learner Autonomy
• Head of Strategic Development
  Learning and Teaching Institute
  Sheffield Hallam University, UK

       r.macdonald@shu.ac.uk
“There is probably more bad practice and
ignorance of significant issues in the area of
assessment than in any other aspect of
higher education.
 This would not be so bad if it were not for the
fact that the effects of bad practice are far
more potent than they are for any aspect of
teaching.
Students can, with difficulty, escape from the
effects of poor teaching, they cannot (…)
escape the effects of poor assessment.”
                                      (Boud, 1995)
When we put together in one scheme such
elements as a prescribed curriculum, similar
assignments for all students, lecturing as almost
the only mode of instruction, standard tests by
which all students are externally evaluated, and
instructor-chosen grades as the measure of
learning,

then we can almost guarantee that meaningful
learning will be at an absolute minimum.

                        Carl Rogers, Freedom to Learn, 1969
What for you
 is the main
  issue with
  respect to
assessment?


               Why?
                              The quickest way to
    Learning takes the        change student learning
       subordinate            is to change the
     position in official     assessment system.
      writings about                (Elton & Laurillard, 1979)
       assessment
               (Boud, 2007)




Course characteristics
associated with a
surface approach to           Assessment is the most
learning include a            powerful lever teachers have
threatening and               to influence the way students
anxiety provoking             respond to courses and
assessment system             behave as learners.
              (Gibbs, 1992)                              (Gibbs, 1999)
     Reviewing your assessment
              practice
What are the four main assessment methods you
use and what do they assess?
1.   rank each one from 1 – 5 where 1 equals
     “students don’t like” to and 5 equals
     “students like a lot“. Sum your scores.
2.   also rank where 1 equals “assesses poorly”
     and 5 equals “assesses well”. Sum your
     scores
  Institutions encourage
 assessment practice that
promotes effective learning




                (QAA Code of Practice on the
                assessment of students, General
                Principle 3, 2006)
  Aligning learning, teaching and
        assessment (Biggs, 2003)
         Why           How

                             With
What                         whom
               Learning

                             What
  When                       effect
                How
                well
Institutions provide appropriate and
   timely feedback to students on
     assessed work in a way that
  promotes learning and facilitates
             improvement
but does not increase the burden of
             assessment.




                    (QAA Code of Practice on the
                    assessment of students, General
                    Principle 9, 2006)
• Summative assessment is high stakes
  – encouraging students to conceal ignorance and
    suggest competence

• Formative assessment should emphasise
  providing useful feedback
  – low stakes
  – it is more helpful when learners are open about
    their limitations and don’t try to conceal ignorance
    or bury mistakes
                                         (P.Knight, 2001)
                            Activity
    Which aspects of
    your assessment
   practice would you
like to change and why?
                               What would be
                               the benefits to
                           you and your students
                           of making the change?


 How would the change
improve student learning
and how would you know?          What is stopping
                                 you making the
                                    change?
                    Assessment practices are often the
                         major barrier to developing
                     increasing student responsibility: if
                         students look to others for
                   judgements of their competence, how
                       can they develop their ability to
                         assess their own learning?
                                                (Boud 1988)




                                        How do you
 What aspects of                         think they
  self, peer and                        contribute to
group assessment                         improved
 and feedback do                          student
you use and how?                         learning?
       From students’ point of view,
    assessment has a positive effect on
     their learning and is fair when it:
    Represents                 Emphasizes the
    reasonable                 need to develop
     demands                   a range of skills



                                          Relates to
                                          authentic
  Encourages
                    Is perceived to         tasks
  students to
apply knowledge     have long-term
   to realistic         benefits
    contexts
                          (Sambell, McDowell & Brown, 1997)
   Holistic changes to assessment

Assessment for learning
                Module              Cross-cutting
                                       themes

                Course

                Faculty/            QA
               department           QE
                                    Leadership
               Institution
                                    Management

                External            Administration


                             (Macdonald & Joughin, 2008)
http://ranald.pbwiki.com

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:201
posted:2/23/2012
language:English
pages:16