Korea

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					Korea
North vs. South
Creation of North & South Korea:
        Post WWII 1945
• North managed by USSR
  South managed by US
• Create two separate nations:
      38th parallel
• Democratic People’s Republic
    of Korea (North)
  Leader: Kim IL-Sung
• Republic of Korea (South)
  President: Syngman Rhee
                  Korean War
•   1950-1953
•   Guerilla warfare, border clashes, naval battles
•   North Korea (NK) invades South Korea (SK)
•   UN (Lots of US) aids SK
•   China helps NK
•   Armistice signed July, 1953
         Results of Korean War
• Neither side gains territory
• 3 million dead
• Demilitarized Zone created
    38th parallel
• Buffer zone b/w NK & SK
       Government & Military
North Korea           South Korea
• Communist           • Republic
• Kim Jong-IL         • Lee Myung-Bak
• 4th largest army    • 680,000 in military
  (1.21 million)      • 1/3 – 2/3 less
• Offensive weapons     weapons
• Nuclear weapons
                   Economy
North Korea                South Korea
• Decline in 90s           • 11th largest in world
  (End of communism)       • Growth from gov’t
• Regime maintains           planning
   control
                           • Exports & industry
• Small private sector
                           • Recently: market
• $$$$$$ to military
                             oriented
• Little industry
• Poor infrastructure
• Chronic food shortages
  Interaction b/w N & S Korea
• Reunification talks…can’t agree on terms
• Points: family reunification, trade &
  military
• Forbade nuclear weapons in 90s
  (Did NK listen?)
• South has provided a lot of aid to North
• Trade has grown

				
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posted:2/23/2012
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