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Religion Transforming in India Prince Siddhartha Gautama • Born in 563 BCE in Northern India • Was the son of King Suddhodana and Queen Maya • King and Queen had different expectations for their son Prince Siddhartha Gautama • Before the prince was born, Queen Maya had a dream She was carried over the Himalayas to a silver mountain and placed on a silver couch Prince Siddhartha Gautama • A white elephant with six tusks walked around her and struck her side • The Queen asked the Brahmins what this meant. • She was told that her son would have two possible paths in his life. The Two Paths • Mightiest ruler in the universe or • Achieve enlightenment Prince Siddhartha Gautama • King Suddhodana wanted the prince to be the powerful ruler • To be sure this would happen, the king kept the prince inside the palace and gave him all of the finest things. This would make the prince be used to the finer things and want to continue to have them Prince Siddhartha Gautama •The prince was always curious about what was beyond the palace walls •At age 16 the prince got married •For 12 years, he and his wife continued living the high life in the palace. •At age 29, they had a son. Prince Siddhartha Gautama • Once he became a father, the king thought he was ready to see the outside world. • The king began releasing the prince to go on trips to handle some of the royal business • While on these trips, the princes eyes were opened. Trip #1 • The prince sees a withered, old man walking with a cane and learns that age weakens the body Trip #2 • The prince sees a man crying out in pain and learns what sickness can do to a body Trip #3 • The prince sees a man completely wrapped in a white cloth and learns that the body dies eventually • The prince begins to think about these 3 images he has seen. Trip #4 • The prince meets an ascetic and describes him as a calm man glowing with inner peace p.156 Last P Prince Siddhartha • The prince decides to renounce his royalty and become an ascetic himself. 16.5 Prince Siddhartha • On his 35th birthday, while meditating under a tree, the prince receives enlightenment. • The prince now becomes known as “Buddha,” which means “enlightened one” Buddha • Lays down the 4 Noble Truths that lead to spiritual nirvana • The Noble Truths Suffering Will Happen Suffering Is Caused By Desires And Wants Giving Up Desires and Wants Ends Suffering Give Up Desires and Wants By Following The 8 Fold Path p.159 The 8 Fold Path • 1) RIGHT VIEW: Right view consists of an understanding of the Four Noble Truths The 8 Fold Path • (2) RIGHT INTENTION: the development of selfless love for other beings, thought guided by compassion, and the wish that all beings will be free of suffering. The 8 Fold Path • (3) RIGHT SPEECH: Right speech means abstaining from lying, slander, hurtful language, and gossip. The 8 Fold Path • (4) RIGHT ACTION: Right action means abstaining from killing, stealing, and immoral behavior. The 8 Fold Path • (5) RIGHT LIVELIHOOD: Right livelihood means earning making a living honestly, peacefully, and without producing harm and suffering for others. The 8 Fold Path • (6) RIGHT EFFORT: Right effort involves the undertaking of four "great endeavors": -- to always act and think in a proper way The 8 Fold Path • (7) RIGHT MINDFULNESS: keeping your mind and body in the right state The 8 Fold Path • (8) RIGHT CONCENTRATION: (meditation) Question? How did Prince Siddhartha become the Buddha? 16.2 Prince Siddhartha’s Birth • Queen Maya had a dream about her son before he was born. King Suddhodana wanted to know what it meant, so he asked the Brahmins about it. They said Prince Siddhartha could rule the universe, but if he saw suffering, he would become a Buddha. 16.3 The Prince’s Royal Life • King Suddhodana wanted his son to be a powerful ruler, so he used his wealth to provide Siddhartha constant amusements. Servants gave the prince everything he needed. At 16, Siddhartha married, and he and his wife spent their time enjoying the prince’s many palaces. 16.4 The Prince Discovers Three Forms of Suffering • After Siddhartha married, he spent more time traveling outside his palace. On his first trip he saw old age. On his second he saw sickness, and on his third he saw death. On his fourth he met an ascetic who told him one could only be free of suffering when one gave up desires, pleasures, and comforts. 16.5 The Prince Becomes an Ascetic • Siddhartha gave up his life of luxury and went to live in the forest as an ascetic. There he wore simple clothing, had bare feet, and carried only a bowl in order to beg. 16.6 The Prince Becomes the Buddha • Siddhartha decided being an ascetic would not bring enlightenment. He decided to follow the “middle way” instead. On his 35th birthday, sitting under the Bodhi tree, he finally achieved enlightenment through meditation. He became the Buddha, the Awakened One. Write a caption that summarizes each step along Siddhartha’s path to enlightenment. • 16.6: Siddhartha finally achieved enlightenment as he sat under the Bodhi tree. • 16.5: Siddhartha became an ascetic, but this way of life did not bring enlightenment. • 16.4: When Siddhartha finally left the palace, he saw an old man, a sick man, a dead man, and an ascetic. • 16.3: Siddhartha's father made sure his son lived a life of luxury and did not see life’s sufferings so he would become a powerful ruler, not a Buddha. • 16.2: Before Siddhartha was born, the Brahmins said he would either rule the universe or become a Buddha.
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