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									          CBS, STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF ISRAEL 2009                     2009   ‫למ''ס, שנתון סטטיסטי לישראל‬

                          5         HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES

            LABOUR FORCE SURVEYS                           are related to one another as husband and
                                                           wife, as an unmarried couple, or as parent
                   HOUSEHOLDS -                            and child. Thus, a family can be only a
                                                           couple, a couple with children (in various
                   DEMOGRAPHIC                             age groups, defined by the age of the
                  CHARACTERISTICS                          youngest child), or a single parent with
                          (Tables 5.1-5.13)                children.
                                                           A single-parent family includes also families
          The estimates for households and families        in which the parent is married but the
          are obtained from current labour force           spouse does not reside in the household
          surveys.                                         most of the week or does not belong to the
          For a description of the survey, see the         survey population.
          Introduction to Chapter 12 - Labour and          A “family” also includes a family of
          Wages.                                           grandparents with grandchildren aged 15
          DEFINITIONS                                      and over without parents, or only siblings
          Population of households: The tables             aged 15 and over who live together without
          refer to all households, with the exception of   spouses or children.
          households in kibbutzim, institutions,           Family size is determined by the number of
          students’ dormitories and people living          persons in the family, as defined above.
          outside localities (Bedouins in the South and    Other persons in the household: Persons
          others) (see Table at the end of the             without a family of their own, who live in a
          Introduction).                                   household together with a “family” that is not
          A household is defined as one person or a        their nuclear family.
          group of persons living together in one          Religion and Population group: The head
          dwelling on a permanent basis most of the        of the household is the only household
          week, who have a common expense budget           member who is questioned regarding his
          for food. A household may include persons        religion. The head of the household’s
          who are not a family.                            religion is registered as the religion of all the
          Size of household is determined by the           members        of    the    household.       The
          number of persons in the household,              classification according to religion includes:
          according to the above definition.               Jews, Moslems, Christians, Druze and other
          Type of household is determined by the           religions (other religions also include no
          relationships between the persons residing       religion or religion unknown).
          in the household, as well as by other            The category “Other Religions” includes all
          demographic variables.                           those who replied that they are not Jews.
          Type of household includes family                Until the beginning of the 1990s, “Other
          households and non-family households.            Religions” mainly included Arabs. Following
                                                           the wave of immigration in the 1990s, the
          The data according to this variable have
                                                           population group “Others” was added to this
          been published since 1997.
                                                           category (see below). As of 2002, this
              A family household is a household that
                                                           group was divided into two population
              contains at least one “family”.
              A “family household” can include: one
                                                           - “Arabs”: a. live in non-Jewish localities, or
              family, one family with other persons, or
                                                           b. live in Jewish or mixed localities, were
              two families or more.
                                                           born in Israel or arrived in Israel before
              A non-family household includes one
              person only or a group of persons who
                                                           - “Others”: live in Jewish or mixed localities,
              are not a family.
                                                           and arrived in Israel in 1990 and after.
          Family: A nuclear family of two persons or
                                                           District: See the definition of district and
          more who share the same household and
                                                           sub-district in the paragraph “Labour Force
HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES                        )42(                       ‫משקי בית ומשפחות‬
          Surveys - Households - Economic                   Until 2005, calculation of the sampling
          Characteristics and Housing” below.               errors for the estimates was based on the
          Continent of origin: For those born               assumption        that     the     demographic
          abroad, the continent of birth was recorded;      characteristics of households do not change
          for those born in Israel - the father’s           during the course of a year, and that those
          continent of birth.                               characteristics remain constant during the
          Highest diploma received: See definition          different quarters of a given year.
          in the Introduction to Chapter 12 - Labour        As of 2006, the method of calculation was
                                                            changed. The new method includes a
          and Wages. For additional explanations,
                                                            calculation of the correlations of the
          see definitions of Levels of education in         demographic characteristics of households
          the Introduction to Chapter 8 - Education.        between every two quarters of a year, for
          Type of locality by which data are classified     households in which data were collected for
          is the permanent type of locality (see            two quarters in the course of a given year.
          definitions in “Geographical Distribution of      To caution the reader against data with low
          the Population” in the introduction to            levels of reliability, estimates with a relative
          Chapter 2 - Population).                          sampling error (sampling error divided by
          Since 2002, localities have been classified       the estimate) ranging from 25% to 40% are
          according to the type of locality as              set in parentheses. For estimates with a
          determined      according    to   population      relative sampling error exceeding 40% no
          estimates at the end of 2001, as of 2007,         numerical values are presented and two
          the classification is based on estimates of       dots (“..”) are indicated in their place.
          population size at the end of 2005.               Regarding tables 5.14-5.25, calculations of
          Development localities: See definition in         the sampling error are approximate.
          the Introduction to Chapter 12 - Labour and       Therefore, data based on a population
          Wages.                                            estimate below 3,000 are set in
                                                            parentheses, see explanation in Chapter 12
          ESTIMATION                                        - Labour and Wages.
          For each of the estimates presented here, a       For more details about methods of
          “weighting coefficient” was determined for        collecting, processing and estimation, see
          each household participating in the sample.       Introduction to Chapter 12 - Labour and
          This coefficient reflects the number of units     Wages.
          in the survey population represented by
          each unit in the sample.                            LABOUR FORCE SURVEYS
          The “weighting coefficient” was identical for
          each of the “households” “families”,                HOUSEHOLDS - ECONOMIC
          “couples”, and “persons” in the same                 CHARACTERISTICS AND
          household. The “weighting coefficient”
          system is determined through an iterative                 HOUSING
          process, so that after the “weighting” there is                 (Tables 5.14-5.25)
          a correlation between the distribution of         DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS
          persons in the sample households by               Population of households - see above
          primary variables and the corresponding           definition.
          distribution   of    persons     by     current   The investigation unit is a household.
          demographic estimates.                            Household : See above definition.
         In 2002, a number of changes were                  Size of household: See above definition.
         introduced in the definitions of the weighting     Characteristics of the labour force:
         groups. The main change was to break the           The labour force includes persons aged 15
         weighting group of the immigrants, which           and over who were employed (incl.
         now includes only immigrants residing up to        permanent army) or unemployed during the
         4 years in the country, see Introduction to        determinant week.
         Chapter 12 - Labour and Wages.                     In this chapter, employed persons are
         The sampling errors for the estimates in           divided according to the extent to which they
         tables 5.1-5.13 were calculated for each of        usually work:
         the estimates separately.
HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES                        )43(                        ‫משקי בית ומשפחות‬
             - Usually employed full time: Employed      Religion and Population group: see
             persons usually working 35 or more hours    above definition.
             a week, including those who belong to
                                                         Type of locality: see above definition.
             the permanent army.
              - Usually employed part time: Employed     Development localities: see definition in
              persons usually working up to 34 hours a   the Introduction to Chapter 12 - Labour and
              week.                                      Wages.
          For further details, see the Labour Force      District and sub-district were defined
          Surveys and the paragraph “Employed,           according to the official administrative
          Employees/Jobs, Employee Jobs” in the          division of the state, which includes 6
          Introduction to Chapter 12 - Labour and        districts and 15 sub-districts.
          Wages.                                         As of 1972, Judea, Samaria and the Gaza
          Head of household is the economic head         Areas were added, in order to characterize
          of household. As of 1995, the definition of    the Jewish localities and the Jewish
          head of household was changed and              population in those areas. The data for
          determined by the degree of belonging to       2005 relate to the residents of the Judea,
          the labour force, without regard of age or     Samaria and Gaza Areas, and do not reflect
          sex.                                           changes in the population following the
          - The head of household is the main wage       evacuation of the Israeli localities (the
            earner of the household, i.e., an            Jewish localities) in the Gaza Area and in
            employed person who usually works 35         northern Samaria under the Disengagement
            or more hours per week (including            Plan Law, 2005.
            soldiers in the permanent army), and         As of 2006 - Judea and Samaria Area.
            precedes an employed person who              See definition in the Introduction to Chapter
            works up to 34 hours a week, who             2 - Population.
            precedes an unemployed person.
          - If more than one person in the               SOURCES
            household fits the definition of head of     Data on households             by economic
            household, the head is determined by         characteristics and housing are annual
            the interviewee.                             averages obtained from the current
          - If there is no wage earner in the            investigations of the Labour Force Surveys,
            household, the head of household is          and they relate to all of the households in
            determined by the interviewee.               the      country    (excluding     kibbutzim,
                                                         institutions, students’ dormitories, and
          Note: The head of household is a person        people living outside localities (Bedouins in
          aged 18 or over (except households where       the South and others). Data on housing,
          the only wages earner is aged 15-17 and        excl. also absorption centers.
          households where there are only 15-17 year
          old persons).                                  As of 1999, population estimates obtained
          Number of rooms in the dwelling: All           from the Labour Force Surveys have been
          rooms used by the household as living          based on the results of the 1995 Census of
          quarters. The following were not included in   Population and Housing. In addition, a new
          the number of rooms: kitchens, bathrooms,      weighting method has been implemented.
          toilets, verandas, rooms used for business     Data for 1998 were processed according to
          purposes or for work only and rooms let to     the new system in order to enable
          tenants. Until 1979, half a room was           comparison with the 1999 data.
          counted as a room. In January 1980, a full     As of 2002, a number of changes have
          registration of rooms and half rooms was       been made in the weighting groups. The
          made, and consequently, 1980 data were         data for 2001 were processed according to
          processed twice.                               the “new” method, in order to make it
          Number of persons per room (housing            possible to compare them with data from
          density) was calculated by dividing the        2002.     For  additional  details,  see
          number of persons who live in the              Introduction to Chapter 12, Labour and
          household by the total number of rooms         Wages.
          occupied by members of the household.

HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES                      )44(                      ‫משקי בית ומשפחות‬
            HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE                           Deciles: See definition below in the
                                                            explanations on income surveys.
                 SURVEY, 2007                               Standard person: see definition below in
                  (Tables 5.26-5.29 and 5.33-5.35)          the explanations on income surveys.
           The purposes and the uses of the survey          Net income per standard person: The
           are to obtain the components of household        total current financial income of a
           budget and additional data used for              household, after deduction of compulsory
           characterizing the living conditions of          payments; and the household’s total income
           households      in    aspects     such    as:    from services provided as a result of
           consumption      patterns,    standard   and     ownership of a dwelling or vehicle; divided
           composition of nutrition, income level and its   by the number of standard persons in the
           composition, housing conditions, models for      household.
           forecasting consumer behavior, and the           Compulsory payments: Direct taxes
           incidence of the indirect tax on various         imposed on current income, i.e., Income
           groups in the population. One of the most        Tax, National Insurance, and National
           important purposes of the survey is to           Health Insurance. These payments were
           determine the “weight” for the basket of the     calculated according to the tax rules
           consumer price index.                            operating in the economy, and were not
           The survey was first conducted at the            obtained directly from households.
           beginning of the 1950s, and until 1997 was       Consumption expenditure: All household
           conducted approximately every five years.        payments for the purchase of goods or
           Since 1997, the survey has been conducted        services, as well as the imputation of
           annually.                                        expenditure on the consumption of housing
         The population: As of 1997, includes the           services and vehicles (the purchase of
         entire urban and rural population, excluding       which is defined as investment and not as
         kibbutzim,     collective    moshavim,      and    consumption).
         Bedouins living outside localities (see table      Expenditures on housing services were
         at the end of the Introduction).                   calculated by imputation of alternative rent
         DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS                       payments for dwellings of the same size in a
         Household: See definition above.                   locality or region. The imputation data for
         Components of the budget in the                    rent were obtained from three sources:
         Household Expenditure Survey: All the              (1) The current rent survey conducted in
         goods and services are divided into ten                 the framework of the Consumer Price
         main items: food (excl. fruit, vegetables);             Index;
         vegetables and fruit; housing; dwelling and        (2) Rent data for households residing in
         household maintenance; furniture and                    rented dwellings, from the household
         household       equipment;      clothing    and         expenditure survey itself;
         footwear; health; education, culture and           (3) External sources.
         entertainment;            transport         and    For key money dwellings, the difference
         communications; miscellaneous goods and            between the actual rent paid and the full rent
         services. Within each item there is a              value was imputed, on the basis of the
         division into sub-groups, and each sub-            values obtained from the sources mentioned
         group contains the goods and services as           above.
         reported by the households, e.g., Health is        Expenditures for vehicle services were
         divided into four sub-groups: health               estimated according to the value of the
         insurance, dental treatment, health services       services deriving from the asset. For
         and other health expenditures. Each such           example, for every household that owns a
         sub-group contains single products, e.g.,          car, the value of services deriving from the
         Health insurance includes supplementary            asset is estimated according to the value of
         insurance in all of the various health funds,      its depreciation and the alternative interest
         as well as other health insurance policies.        that was imputed also as income for that
         Earner: A person who worked at least one           household.
         day during the three months before the             Purchase of products: A product is
         interviewer’s visit to the household. It should    considered purchased according to the day
         be mentioned that this definition differs from     in which it was received and the full sum of
         the one used in the Labour Force Surveys.          purchase is considered an expenditure on
HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES                         )45(                      ‫משקי בית ומשפחות‬
          product when the product reaches the               3. A summary questionnaire in which the
          dwelling, even if it was only partially paid for       enumerator      recorded    details    of
          at the time. Therefore, money paid in                  household expenditures over the last
          advance by the household for a product or a            three months or 12 months preceding
          service not yet received or debts paid for a           the interview.
          product that is already in the dwelling are        In this questionnaire, data on all household
          not     considered        as     consumption       incomes were also obtained.
          expenditures but as an increase in savings.        All the budget components for each
          Compulsory payments are not included,              household were expressed in terms of a
          because they don’t represent direct                common denominator: a monthly estimate
          purchase of a given product or service.            at a uniform price level reflecting the
          Money       consumption         expenditure:       average for the 2007 survey period. That
          consumption expenditures as defined                average was 118.5 points, according to the
          above, without imputation of services on           base 1998=100.
          housing and vehicles.                              Estimation: The survey used weighting
          Ownership of durable goods: the                    coefficients in order to minimize, to the
          percentage of households in a given group          extent possible, sampling errors, as well as
          that own or have at their disposal durable         biases that may result from the fact that the
          goods such as: the percentage of                   characteristics of households that did not
          households in Jerusalem that have a                participate in the survey may differ from
          washing machine, color TV, personal                those of the participating households. For an
          computer, car, cellular phone, etc.                explanation of the weighting coefficients,
                                                             see the above section on demographic
          SOURCES                                            characteristics.
          The survey data on expenditures were               Details on the Household Expenditures
          obtained from the investigation of a sample        Survey can be found in Publication no.
          of 6,173 households in 171 localities which        1363, Household Expenditures Survey
          were investigated for a year, in the period        2007, General Summary (see the list
          between January 2007 and January 2008.             below).
          Data on income are based on the combined
          sample of the income survey and household                  INCOME SURVEYS
          expenditures survey (an explanation of the                      (Tables 5.30 -5.32)
          income survey sample is presented below).          The data presented here were obtained
          Sampling framework: Arnona [municipal              from income surveys. The surveys have
          property tax] lists of the local authorities       been conducted regularly since 1965 as
          were used as the framework for drawing the         part of the Labour Force Survey. As of
          sample. Completion was made from a                 1997, income data obtained from two
          framework of new building.                         surveys - the Labour Force Survey and the
          Sampling unit: residential dwelling.               Household Expenditure Survey - have been
                                                             combined into one combined Income
          Investigation unit: a ‘household’ (see             Survey (see the “Sample” paragraph in the
          definition above, in the paragraph “Labour         “Sources” section at the end of this
          Force Surveys - Households - Demographic           chapter.) The findings relate to the income
          Characteristics”.                                  of households, where the head of the
          METHOD OF INVESTIGATION AND                        household was an employee, self-employed,
          PROCESSING                                         or not working.
          Three questionnaires were filled in for each       More detailed results of the Income Surveys
          household investigated:                            and a comprehensive description of the
          1. A questionnaire on the composition of           methods and definitions used can be found
              the household which was filled in by the       in Publication no.1357, Income Survey
              enumerator. The questionnaire contains         2007.
              demographic and basic economic data
              for each household member.                     DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS
          2. A biweekly ledger in which the                  Household: See definition above, in the
              household      recorded     the     daily      paragraph “Labour Force Surveys -
              expenditures of all household members          Households - Demographic Characteristics”.
              for two weeks.                                 Earner: See definition above, in the
HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES                         )46(                       ‫משקי בית ומשפחות‬
          paragraph “Household Expenditure Survey”.        additional person. Based on this scale, the
          Head of household: See definition above,         number of persons in a household is
          in the paragraph “Labour Force Surveys -         expressed in terms of standard persons
          Households - Economic Characteristics and        per household. The full scale is presented in
          Housing”                                         the following table.
          Households of employees: households
          where the head of the household is an             Actual number of         Marginal     No. of
          employee or member of a cooperative.                 persons in           Weight per   Standard
          Households where the head of the                     household             Person      Persons
          household is not working: households             1 person                      1.25         1.25
          where the head of the household did not          2 persons                     0.75         2.00
          work for even one day over the three months      3 persons                     0.65         2.65
          preceding the visit of the enumerator.           4 persons                     0.55         3.20
          Employee: Any survey participant who had         5 persons                     0.55         3.75
          some salaried income over the three months       6 persons                     0.50         4.25
          preceding the visit of the enumerator.           7 persons                     0.50         4.75
          Gross money income of households: The            8 persons                     0.45         5.20
          total current money income of the household      9+ persons
          before deduction of compulsory payments                                      0.40

          (income tax, National Insurance, and Health      (1)
                                                                 For each additional person.
          Insurance). Gross money income includes
          income of all household members from             Net income per standard person: The net
          salaried or self employed, property, interest,   household income is divided by the number
          dividends, current income from support and       of standard persons in the household.
          pensions, or any other income. Gross             Decile: A decile is a group including 10
          money income does not include non-               percent of the surveyed population,
          recurrent payments (e.g., inheritance,           arranged by income level (the classifying
          severance pay from the place of work,            income), from households with the lowest
          restitution from Germany, etc). Nor does it      income levels to households with the
          include imputations for income from use of       highest income levels (the top decile).
          own dwelling or other types of income in         The income used to classify households can
          kind.                                            be either gross or net, per household, per
          Net money income: Gross money income             capita, or per standard person.
          after deduction of compulsory payments.          Gini coefficient: A measure of inequality in
          Data on net income were not obtained             income distribution, ranging from 0
          directly from the households surveyed, but       (“complete equality”) to 1 (“maximum
          were calculated on the basis of gross            inequality”).
          income and the tax rules as applied in
          Israel.                                          SOURCES
          Standard person: the size of a household         The population: The combined survey
          affects the level of living that can be          conducted as of 1997 represents all of the
          maintained on a given income. In order to        residents of Israel in Jewish localities, Arab
          provide a basis for comparing the level of       localities, and mixed localities - excluding
          living of households with varying numbers of     kibbutzim and Bedouins living outside of
          members, they are usually classified by          localities. In 2000-2001, there were
          income per person. It is also assumed that       problems investigating the population of
          the number of household members does not         East Jerusalem. Therefore, the latest data
          have a uniform impact on the potential level     do not include that population (see table at
          of living that can be attained from a given      the end of the Introduction).
          income. Accordingly, there are advantages        The sample: As of 1997, the Income
          to a large household. Therefore the number       Survey is based on income data collected
          of household members was transformed into        both in the Income Survey and in the
          a uniform scale. The scale establishes the       Household Expenditure Survey:
          two-person household as a base unit. The         1. The Income Survey was conducted
          larger the number of household members,               together with the regular Labour Force
          the smaller the marginal influence of each            Survey (for details on the sampling
HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES                        )47(                         ‫משקי בית ומשפחות‬
               procedures, see Chapter 12, “Labour          updated during the course of the survey
               and Wages”, and see publication no.          year, as new apartments were selected for
               1345 of the Central Bureau of Statistics     the sample were added from a special
               series Labour Force Surveys 2007).           framework of new construction.
               One-fourth of the participants in the        In 2007, the data were based on a sample
               labour force survey sample that are          of 14,147 households - 7,974 were taken
               included in the definition of the Income     from the income survey, and 6,173 were
               Survey were asked about their income.        taken from the household expenditures
          2. Household          Expenditures      Survey    survey.
               (details of the sampling procedure           The survey period: The Income Survey
               appear also in Publication no. 1363,         examines the income of each individual
               Household Expenditures Survey 2007,          aged 15 and over during the three months
               General Summary, Jerusalem, April            preceding the enumerator’s visit. In this
               2009) - conducted annually as of 1997.       way, every annual survey examines the
               In the survey, household members are         quarterly income of the survey population
               asked about their expenditures as well       over a period of 15 months.
               as their income.                             The Household Expenditure Survey is
          In both surveys, the survey sample is a           conducted for a period of 13 months, during
          dwelling sample. In each dwelling selected        which data are collected on the income of
          for the sample, all of the households             every household member aged 15 and over,
          residing in the same dwelling were surveyed       and on the income of each household.
          (in most cases, there was one household           Here, too, the survey examines income of
          per dwelling).                                    each household during the three months
          In general, the samples of both surveys           preceding the month of the enumerator’s
          were drawn in two stages: in the first stage,     visit, and the income data collected over the
          a stratified sample of localities was drawn. In   entire survey for each household over a
          the second stage, a systematic random             period of 15 months.
          sample of households was drawn in each of         Adjustment of prices: All of the income
          the localities selected for the sample. The       data are presented according to the average
          main source for drawing the sample of             level of prices during the survey year.
          dwellings was the municipal property tax file     Estimation: See above, in the section on
          of the local authority. The main dwelling         demographic characteristics of households.
          samples were supplemented by samples of
          dwelling units in student dormitories,
          absorption centers, and sheltered housing
          for the elderly. In addition, the samples were

HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES                        )48(                       ‫משקי בית ומשפחות‬
                        Table of Populations Included in Estimates of Households
                                       in Household Surveys(1)
                                  Population                                  Labour            Household
                                                                               Force            Expenditure
                                                                              Surveys           Survey and
                                                                                              Income Survey
          Population by Type of Locality:
          Urban localities (2,000 or more residents)                       Yes                Yes
          Rural localities (up to 2,000 residents):
          Kibbutzim                                                        No                 No
          Other rural localities (including moshavim,
          collective moshavim, community localities, etc.)                 Yes                Yes
          Special Populations:
          Bedouins in the south living outside of localities               No                 No
          Places, living outside of localities (excluding
          Bedouins in the south) and households in                         No                 Yes
          institutional localities
          Absorption centers(2)                                            Yes                Yes
          Student dormitories at the 7 major universities                  No                 Yes
          Sheltered housing(3)                                             Yes                Yes
          Other institutions(4):
          Residents of institutions (protected residents,                  No                 No
          Households in institutions                                       No                 Yes
          1. The discrepancy between household estimates in the Labour Force Survey, Household Expenditure Survey,
          and Income Survey amounts to about 20,000 households. Of those, about 10,000 are households in institutions,
          about 7,000 households are in student dormitories, and about 3,000 households are in places, or living outside of
          localities, or in institutional localities.
          2. Housing density estimates: absorption centers are included in the Household Expenditure Survey, and are not
          included in the Labour Force Surveys.
          3. Only some of the population living in sheltered housing is included in the Labour Force Surveys.
          4. Includes student dormitories in colleges, hospitals, old age homes without sheltered housing, schools, etc.

                                               SELECTED PUBLICATIONS
          TECHNICAL SERIES                                                             Demographic Characteristics 2005-
          73   Typology of Households and Families                                     2006, Based on Labour Force Surveys
               in Israel, 1999                                                         (Internet only)
          78   Labour Force Surveys - Changes in                              1376     Households         -      Economic
               the Methodology, in the Definitions,                                    Characteristics and Housing Density
               and in the Questionnaire 1954-2003                                      Based on Labour Force Surveys 2008
               (Internet only)                                                         (Internet only)
          SPECIAL PUBLICATIONS                                                1377     Labour Force Surveys 2008 (Internet
          1222 Characteristics and Classification of                                   only)
               Local Authorities by the Socio-                                CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING
               Economic Level of the Population 2001                          1995
          1231 Household Expenditure Survey 2000-                             1    Population      and    Household     -
               2002: Households of Immigrants from                                 Provisional Results
               the USSR (Former)                                              8A   Socio-Economic Characteristics of
          1308 Arab      Households:  Income     and                               Population     and   Households     in
               Expenditures 2006                                                   Localities with 2,000 Inhabitants and
          1357 Income Survey, 2007                                                 More - Selected Findings (Hebrew
          1363 Household Expenditure Survey, 2007,                                 only)
               General Summaries
          1369 Households      and     Families     -

HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES                                 )49(                                     ‫משקי בית ומשפחות‬

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