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Exercises Lesson 8 8.1 V N Wipe Wiper (windscreen wiper) Photograph (N) Photographer (e.g. professional photographer) act Actor (amateur actor) donate donor (organ donor) 8.2 & 8.4 V N Staple (N, V) Stapler grind Grinder Clip ( V) Clipper (nail-clipper) hang Hanger (coat-hanger) dress dresser 8.5 Lazy (Adj)-------laziness (N) 8.6 Adj V Adj national Nationalize (-ise) Nationalized (e.g. airlines) private Privatize (-ise) Privatized (e.g. oil industry) standard Standardize (-ise) Standardized (tests) modern Modernize (-ise) Modernized (higher education system) Computer (N) Computerize (-ise) Computerized (billing system) central Centralize (-ise) Centralized (food distribution) 8.7 Brother N Brotherhood ----Abstract N Neighbor N Neighborhood Abstract N Man N Manhood Abstract N Priest N Priesthood Abstract N Tear N tearful Adj Spite N spiteful Adj Dread N Dreadful Adj Hand N Handful N Appoint (V) Appointment N Involve (V) Involvement N Compliment (N, V) Arrange (V) Arrangement N Worship (N, V) Kin (N) Kinship Abstract N Friend (N) Friendship Abstract N Partner (N) Partnership Abstract N Lesson 9 Exercises 9.1 & 9.2 Adjective Opposite Discreet Indiscreet Sensitive Insensitive Tolerant Intolerant grateful Ungrateful Convincing Unconvincing Relevant Irrelevant Obedient Disobedient Efficient Inefficient Responsible Irresponsible loyal Disloyal married Unmarried employed Unemployed Exercises 9.5 Prefixes and examples Prefix Example Mis- Mispronounce, misspell, mislead Over- Overworked, overrun, overcharge Under- Underpaid Post- Post-dated, post-colonial, post- industrial Ex- Ex-husband, ex-flatmate, ex-partner Re- Rewrite, rephrase, redefine Anti- Anti-government, antiseptic Auto- Autocue, automobile Bi- Bi-plane, bi-focals Micro- Micro-chip, microprocessor Mono- Monorail, monosyllable Multi- Multi-cultural, multi-faceted Pre- Predict, pre-conference Pro- Pro-Iranian, pro-American, pro- nuclear Pseudo- Pseudo-democracy, pseudo-liberal Semi- Semi-literate, semi-conscious Sub- Sub-editor, sub-human Under- Underachieve, underweight Lesson 10 10.1 Verb Person noun Adjective Abstract noun convert convert converted Conversion produce producer productive Production, produce, product, productivity conduct conductor Conducive Conduct, conduction impress ------ Impressive Impression support supporter Supportive support impose --- Imposing Imposition 10.3 Prefixes and examples Prefix Meaning Example -pose (root) Place, put Composed (Adj) Intro- Within, inward Introspective, introverted O-, ob- against oppose In-, im- In-, into- Re- Again, back repress De- Down, from Deduce Ex- Out expose Sub- under Suppress Trans- across Transpose 10.4 Words based on the Latin root and their phrasal-veb equivalents Word Phrasal-verb equivalents support Hold up reduce Cut down Postpone Put off Deposit Put down oppose Go against Divert Turn away inspect Look at Roots and examples Root Examples -spect Circumspect behavior, a retrospective exhibition, a fresh perspective -vert An extroverted person, inverted commas, to pervert the innocent -port A railway porter, reported speech, transportation costs -duc, - To reduce taxes, to induce labor, a railway viaduct duct -press- Blood pressure, compressed air, an original expression -pose, - To pose for a photograph, to suppose sth to be true, to repose pone peacefully.
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