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Exercises

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									Exercises

Lesson 8

8.1

V                                     N
Wipe                                  Wiper (windscreen wiper)
Photograph (N)                        Photographer (e.g. professional
                                      photographer)
act                                   Actor (amateur actor)
donate                                donor (organ donor)


8.2 & 8.4

V                                     N
Staple (N, V)                         Stapler
grind                                 Grinder
Clip ( V)                             Clipper (nail-clipper)
hang                                  Hanger (coat-hanger)
dress                                 dresser


8.5

Lazy (Adj)-------laziness (N)

8.6

Adj                      V                        Adj
national                 Nationalize (-ise)       Nationalized (e.g.
                                                  airlines)
private                  Privatize (-ise)         Privatized (e.g. oil
                                                  industry)
standard                 Standardize (-ise)       Standardized (tests)
modern                   Modernize (-ise)         Modernized (higher
                                                  education system)
Computer (N)             Computerize (-ise)       Computerized (billing
                                                  system)
central                  Centralize (-ise)        Centralized (food
                                                  distribution)
8.7


Brother N             Brotherhood ----Abstract N
Neighbor N            Neighborhood Abstract N
Man N                 Manhood         Abstract N
Priest N              Priesthood       Abstract N
Tear N                tearful Adj
Spite    N            spiteful Adj
Dread N               Dreadful Adj
Hand N                Handful N
Appoint (V)           Appointment N
Involve (V)           Involvement N
Compliment (N, V)
Arrange (V)           Arrangement N
Worship (N, V)
Kin (N)               Kinship Abstract N
Friend (N)            Friendship Abstract N
Partner (N)           Partnership Abstract N


Lesson 9

Exercises 9.1 & 9.2

Adjective             Opposite
Discreet              Indiscreet
Sensitive             Insensitive
Tolerant              Intolerant
grateful              Ungrateful
Convincing            Unconvincing
Relevant              Irrelevant
Obedient              Disobedient
Efficient             Inefficient
Responsible           Irresponsible
loyal                 Disloyal
married               Unmarried
employed              Unemployed
Exercises 9.5

Prefixes and examples

Prefix                         Example
Mis-                           Mispronounce, misspell, mislead
Over-                          Overworked, overrun, overcharge
Under-                         Underpaid
Post-                          Post-dated, post-colonial, post-
                               industrial
Ex-                            Ex-husband, ex-flatmate, ex-partner
Re-                            Rewrite, rephrase, redefine
Anti-                          Anti-government, antiseptic
Auto-                          Autocue, automobile
Bi-                            Bi-plane, bi-focals
Micro-                         Micro-chip, microprocessor
Mono-                          Monorail, monosyllable
Multi-                         Multi-cultural, multi-faceted
Pre-                           Predict, pre-conference
Pro-                           Pro-Iranian, pro-American, pro-
                               nuclear
Pseudo-                        Pseudo-democracy, pseudo-liberal
Semi-                          Semi-literate, semi-conscious
Sub-                           Sub-editor, sub-human
Under-                         Underachieve, underweight


Lesson 10

10.1

Verb             Person noun   Adjective         Abstract noun
convert          convert       converted         Conversion
produce          producer      productive        Production,
                                                 produce,
                                                 product,
                                                 productivity
conduct          conductor     Conducive         Conduct,
                                                 conduction
impress          ------        Impressive        Impression
support          supporter     Supportive        support
impose           ---           Imposing          Imposition
10.3

Prefixes and examples

Prefix                      Meaning                   Example
-pose (root)                Place, put                Composed (Adj)
Intro-                      Within, inward            Introspective,
                                                      introverted
O-, ob-                     against                   oppose
In-, im-                    In-, into-
Re-                         Again, back               repress
De-                         Down, from                Deduce
Ex-                         Out                       expose
Sub-                        under                     Suppress
Trans-                      across                    Transpose


10.4

Words based on the Latin root and their phrasal-veb equivalents

Word                                      Phrasal-verb equivalents
support                                   Hold up
reduce                                    Cut down
Postpone                                  Put off
Deposit                                   Put down
oppose                                    Go against
Divert                                    Turn away
inspect                                   Look at


Roots and examples

Root           Examples
-spect         Circumspect behavior, a retrospective exhibition, a fresh
               perspective
-vert          An extroverted person, inverted commas, to pervert the
               innocent
-port          A railway porter, reported speech, transportation costs
-duc, -        To reduce taxes, to induce labor, a railway viaduct
duct
-press-        Blood pressure, compressed air, an original expression
-pose, -       To pose for a photograph, to suppose sth to be true, to repose
pone           peacefully.

								
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