Mus_Apprec_Unit_1_pt_1_2011 by lanyuehua

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 10

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Unit 1 – Part 1

Timbre is synonymous with _____________________________________


Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called ___________________________


The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called ____________________________


The pitch of a sound is determined by the ____________________ of its vibrations.


In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called a ______________________


In general, the smaller the vibrating element, the ( higher / lower) the pitch


List the four main properties of musical sounds:

                      1.                             2.

                      3.                             4.




(10 pts) Assignment 1 – Definitions (write them out) (p 4-7)

Interval –

Pitch Range –

pianissimo (pp) –

piano (p) –

mezzo piano (mp) –
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mezzo forte (mf) –

forte (f) –

fortissimo (ff) –

decrescendo / diminuendo –

crescendo –



RHYTHM – ordered flow of music through time

BEAT – regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time

METER – organization of beats into regular groups

MEASURE – rhythmic group set off by bar lines, containing a fixed number of beats


Tempo = the speed of the beat

Accelerando – becoming faster

Ritardando – becoming slower

Go over tempo indications on pg. 39

Accent – Emphasis of a note, which may result from its being louder, longer, or higher in pitch
than the notes near it.

Syncopation – Accenting of a note at an unexpected time, as between two beats or on a weak
beat.

LISTEN to George Gershwin’s I Got Rhythm (Gershwin – 1898-1937)
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                  METER WORKSHEET
Duple – 2, 4            Triple – 3,6       Quintuple – 5
     Septuple – 7                      Mixed
1. ________________________            11. ________________________

2. ________________________            12. ________________________

3. ________________________            13. ________________________

4. ________________________            14. ________________________

5. ________________________            15. ________________________

6. ________________________            16. ________________________

7. ________________________            17. ________________________

8. ________________________            18. ________________________

9. ________________________            19. ________________________

10. ________________________           20. ________________________



                  METER WORKSHEET
Duple – 2, 4            Triple – 3,6       Quintuple – 5
     Septuple – 7                      Mixed
1. ________________________            8. ________________________

2. ________________________            9. ________________________

3. ________________________            10. ________________________

4. ________________________            11. ________________________

5. ________________________            12. ________________________

6. ________________________            13. ________________________

7. ________________________            14. ________________________
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Two pieces from Dave Brubeck (b. 1920).

Take Five (quintuple meter)-

Ignoring the sound system in the room, this selection would best be performed at a mezzo piano
setting or a fortissimo setting?  Why?




Unsquare Dance (septuple meter) -

Why do you think this song is titled the way it is?




Do one of the following (I would prefer option B).

A. Go to davebrubeck.com – read his bio, and write 12 complete sentences on 12 facts associated
with Dave Brubeck. Spotlight at least 4 different decades. Choose what you would think would
be the most important information to spotlight.

or

B. Go to YouTube and watch

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H1jWlpMQW3Y
“Honoring Dave Brubeck with his sons Jaz quintet” (from the 2009 Kennedy Awards)

Write 50-100 words about what you saw and heard on this video (you can write on the back of a
page) The first two songs excerpts from Unsquare Dance and Take Five. The third tune is Blue
Rondo a la Turk.

What meter would best be associated with Blue Rondo? Why?
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Music Appreciation – Episode 4 – A FORMidable Lesson

Reading – text – pp. 65-70

Form – the organization of musical elements in time.

Repetition

Contrast

Variation

“Through alert, repeated listening their (musical ideas) overall shape will be made clear, and
your response to music will be more satisfying.” (Kamien, 2008)


Standard Forms:

Binary =        AB              or       AABB

Ternary =       ABA

Theme and Variations = A, A1, A2, A3, A4…….

Ritornello Form = tutti, solo, tutti, solo, tutti, solo, tutti…..

Rondo = ABACA, ABACABA, ABACADACA, and variations of this


Surrender – Cheap Trick


________     _________ ________ ________ ________ _________
   1             2        3         4       5         6



________ _________ ________ ________
   7        8          9       10


Linus and Lucy – Vince Guaraldi


           _________ ________        _________ _________ _________
                1         2                3        4          5
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Hang on Sloopy – The McCoys



     _________ _________ _________ __________ ________ _________
          1        2         3          4         5         6




All the Small Things – blink 182




          ________     ________      ________ ________ ________
              1           2              3        4       5




________ ________       ________ ________ _________ ________
   6        7               8        9        10       11



The Medallion Calls – Klaus Badelt


Intro - ________     ________      ________   ________
           1            2             3          4




This time – without me showing you the numbers….

Brown Eyed Girl – Van Morrison



________ ________ ________ ________ ________
   1        2        3        4         5
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All For You – Sister Hazel


_______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______
   1       2       3       4       5       6       7       8       9



Binary (two part) Form – AABB

Contradance No. 7. in Eb Major for Orchestra (1801) – Ludwig van Beethoven

Pg 69-70 in text. Follow along
Composed for ballroom use in Vienna.



Ternary (three part) form - ABA

Dance of the Reed Pipes from the Nutcracker Suite (1892) – Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Pg. 67 – 68
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Theme and Variations - A, A1, A2, A3……

Variations on America (1891 / arr. 1964) – Charles Ives (arr. William Schuman)
- originally composed for organ
- arranged for orchestra and wind ensemble


Theme – America

Describe what is changed in the variations:

Variation 1 –


Variation 2 –


Bitonal interlude

Variation 3 –


Variation 4 –


Bitonal interlude


Variation 5 -


Calliope – a keyboard musical instrument resembling and organ and consisting of a series of
whistles surrounded by steam or compressed air

Polonaise - a stately Polish processional dance popular in 19th century Europe (it is in triple
meter)


HW – Read text pp. 464-466. Write an abstract on Charles Ives (roughly one sentence for each
paragraph - - - each sentence should capture the main idea of the paragraph it is describing).

For more information….
http://www.charlesives.org/

In preparation for tomorrow – read pp 46-56 in text.
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Music Appreciation - Episode 6 – IVES got to tell you about melody and harmony…..


Charles Ives - Putnam’s Camp, Redding – from Three Places in New England (1914)

A child’s impression of a fourth of July picnic. (see text pp/ 466 – 467)

Ternary form

A – Child’s impression of a picnic on the Fourth of July…. Child wanders into the woods, the
bands become fainter, the child falls asleep

B – Child dreams of goddess of liberty pleads with soldiers…

A1 – Picnic on the Fourth of July


Comment on what you hear.




Melody – series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole

Note durations, as well as pitches, contribute to the distinctive character of a melody (Kamien
2008).


Melodies can move by STEPS and LEAPS

Listening – does the melody move by STEPS or LEAPS


_______________      _______________       _______________       _______________
      1                     2                     3                     4



Melodies can be sung or played in a smooth connected style (LEGATO)
or they can be sung or played in a short, detached manner (STACCATO)
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Listening – is the melody performed in a LEGATO or STACCATO style?


_______________      _______________       _______________      _______________
      1                     2                     3                    4

Melodies are made up of shorter parts called PHRASES.

A resting place at the end of a phrase in a melody is called a CADENCE.

A repetition of a melodic pattern on a higher or lower pitch is called a SEQUENCE.

A CHORD is a combination of three or more tones sounded at once.

HARMONY refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other.

PROGRESSION – series of chords (discuss the use in jazz)

A tone combination that is considered stable and restful is called a CONSONANCE.

A tone combination that is considered unstable is called a DISSONANCE.


Listening – is the chord an example of CONSONANCE or DISSONANCE


_______________      _______________       _______________      _______________
      1                     2                     3                    4

A dissonance can have its RESOLUTION when it moves to a consonance.

The most basic of chords – consisting of three alternate tones of the scale, is a TRIAD.

When the individual tones of a chord are sounded one after another, it is called an ARPEGGIO
of BROKEN CHORD.

Most melodies are built around a central tone or KEYNOTE.

KEY is the central tone, central scale and chord (also called TONALITY)

A SCALE is a series of pitches arranged in order from low to high or high to low.

Major scale (Ionian) and minor scale (Aeolian).

Shifting from one key to another in the same piece is called a MODULATION.

								
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