Digital Storytelling and Visual Literacy

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					Digital Storytelling and
   Visual Literacy

   Nichole Humitz
                 Visual Literacy
   “Visual genres and mediums now dominate
    communication; photographs, television, film,
    video, the internet, cartoons, t-shirts, posters,
    comics, multi-media presentations and
    computer stimulations. Therefore,
    ‘increasingly, an argument can be mounted
    that a literate person in contemporary
    western cultures is, first and foremost,
    someone who is able to recognize, read,
    analyze, and deploy a variety of visual genres
    and mediums.”          - Schirato & Yell, 1996, pg. 209
      Visual Thinking Strategies

 From the works of Rudolf Arnheim,
  James Mark Baldwin, Jean Piaget,
  Jerome Brunner, and Vygotsky
 The following information was found at
  the Visual Understanding in Education
    Visual Thinking Strategies:
       Affects on Learning
 Multiple meanings: students are given the
  opportunity to debate different ideas
 Peer-to-peer learning: students learn how to
  observe from one another, think critically
  about evidence, and use supportive evidence
 2 important thinking strategies:
     • Creative
     • Critical
     Visual Thinking Strategies:
        Research and Theory
   STAGE #1: Accountative:
      •   Immediate reaction to the image
      •   List of observations
      •   Catches attention
      •   Initial emotions
   STAGE #2: Constructive:
      • Recognize what the image is
      • Logical explanations
      • Emotions begin to disintegrate
     Visual Thinking Strategies:
        Research and Theory
   STAGE #3: Classifying
      • Expand on prior knowledge with the new image
      • Image contains a message with meaning
   STAGE #4: Interpretive
      • Image becomes a personal identifier
      • Image is given value in its identity
   STAGE #5: Re-Creative
      • Re-visiting the image is open for re-
       More on Visual Literacy

   “Words are one way of communicating,
    but visual media provide another
    powerful way to create and convey
         – National K-12 Foreign Language Resource Center Website
         – “Literacy for the 21st Century Language Learner”
    Connecting Visual Literacy to
        Digital Storytelling
 Visual Literacy is another form of
  communication through images and video for
 Digital Storytelling takes a new technology
  and considers visual literacy in its best form
 Digital Storytelling is a great way to get
  students involved in taking charge of their
  own visual literacy
             Digital Storytelling
   A way to integrate technology such as audio and
    graphics into a story
   “Short, personal multimedia tales told from the heart”
                               –Daniel Meadows
   A tool that can be integrated into all subjects
   Can be placed on the web to be shared with
   A creative assessment for your students’
    understanding of subject content
        Digital Storytelling

 Getting Started:
 Download free software from Microsoft
  Photo Story 3 for Windows
 Follow the prompts of the downloading
 If you are a Mac user, you can create
  digital storytelling through iMovie.
Step #1: Adding Your Photos
Step #2: Add Text (Optional)
Step #3: Add Audio and Motion
Step #4: Add Background Music
Step #5: Save Your Digital Story
Step #6: View Your Digital Story
Pros and Cons of Digital Storytelling
 Pros:
   – Incorporates the use of visual literacy in the classroom
   – Offers students a creative option for class projects
   – Fun and exciting to explore alternative learning options
   – Can use outside of school as well as inside
   – Provides students with a tangible project that they can keep for a
     long period of time
   – Promotes a deep understanding of class material with visual
 Cons:
   – Must be able to dedicate a lot of time to one project (depending on
     how extensive it is)
   – Can only be utilized if the Internet is available to students
   – If importing your own personal photos, students must have access
     to a camera.
    Tips for Creating an Effective
             Digital Story
   Choice of Content- make the project worthwhile and meaningful
    to your students
   Clarity and Pacing of Voice- make sure you speak clearly into
    the microphone so your audience can understand the content
    being shared
   Meaningful Soundtrack- appropriate for the project (Example:
    Biography of Beethoven with his music in the background)
   Quality of the Images- appropriate for the subject matter
   Good Grammar and Language Usage- content may be
    published on the Internet or shared with people outside of the
My Own Example of a Digital Story

 Last semester in CEP 416 a technology
  course at MSU, I created my own Digital
  Story using the Microsoft Photo Story
 The story uses a script, which I wrote
  myself about the Revolutionary War and
  photos from Michigan State Football
  games as the soldiers and the battles.

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