"The Great Gatsby - DOC 4"
The Great Gatsby Elements of the Novel Themes Wealth and Class • One important theme in Gatsby is expressed in words used at the beginning of The Rich Boy: “Let me tell you about the very rich. They are different from you and me. They possess and enjoy early, and it does something to them, makes them soft where we are hard, and cynical where we are trustful…” • The rich in Gatsby are represented by _________, ______________, and ___________________. • At several crisis points in the novel, one or all of them ___________________ • _______________________, which serves as a cocoon (i.e. Myrtle’s death) • This pattern begins at the beginning of _______________________________ relationship when Daisy is said to have done the same thing after her first night with Gatsby, years before in Louisville: “She vanished into her rich house, into her rich, full life, leaving Gatsby – nothing.” • The rich are almost always those who are ________________________, not those who _____________________________, even if it is a great deal of money. • ____________________, for all of his wealth, never becomes one of the rich. • “The whole idea of Gatsby,” said Fitzgerald, “is the unfairness of __________ ________________________________________________. This theme comes up again and again [in my work] because I lived it.” Love • Modern love in this novel is a matter of __________________ and _________________ rather than ______________________ and _______________________. • ________________ causes Daisy untold anguish, yet she cannot bring herself to leave him. If he is emotionally brutal toward Daisy, he is both ___________________ and ___________________ brutal toward Myrtle. • Myrtle treats her husband, George, _______________________. • _____________ comes close to loving _________________, but despite the fact that he says that “dishonesty in a woman is a thing you never blame deeply,” her character flaws ultimately make it impossible for him to love her. • The purest love in the novel is ___________________________________, but Daisy like Jordan is too flawed for such an emotion. The Dream • The great theme in Gatsby is the exploration of ________________________ __________________ as it exists in a corrupt period. • This corruption runs through the behavior of almost all of the characters: __________________________________ fixes the 1919 World Series; _______________________ cheats in golf; and most of the guests at Gatsby’s parties serve this corruption either directly (by being criminals) or indirectly (by catering to cheap popular tastes). • ___________________, the wealthy golden girl, is a symbol for __________ • _______________________________, and in pursuing her, Gatsby is pursuing that dream. • Daisy is a corrupt symbol since she only stands for _______________, not for the ideals behind the dream. • A society that produces ________________________________________ and the corrupt characters mentioned earlier, cannot produce a better goal for Gatsby. • The greatness of the dream is presented in the intensity of Gatsby’s feelings, but it is also present in Nick’s descriptions of ________________________ at the end of the novel and in his description of how awe-inspiring America must have been when it was ____________________ and ___________________. Point of View & Style • The novel is told from _______________________________ (Nick Carraway). • Nick is a ____________________ narrator and we can come to trust him and share his __________________________________________. • Nick’s admiration for ______________________, as expressed at the very beginning of the novel, keeps the reader aware of his good points. • Nick’s increasingly harsh and objective view of _________ and ____________ prevents us from over-romanticizing the lives of ______________________. • In terms of background and values, Nick is between ______________ and the _____________________. Nick is from the Midwest, and he shares with Gatsby the formative experience of young men of the period – WWI, but he is related to Daisy and went to school with Tom, which places him in both worlds. • This dualism extends to Nick’s language, which varies from ____________ to the _________________. • Nick’s language expresses the rich _______________________ quality of American life (as for example at the end of the novel). • In its satiric mode, Nick’s language _______________________________ the corrupt materialism of modern American life. • Nick is the master of ______________________________, and the novel has a number of ________________ touches (parties, byplay between Tom and Daisy, and Gatsby’s behavior) which should not be overlooked. Satire • Gatsby is a satiric portrait of life in ______________________. The behavior of the guests (many of whom were not invited) at Gatsby’s parties shows them, mostly in a comic way, to be venal, _____________________, ego-centered, and dissolute. Setting • The twenties was a time of extravagant behavior, in business and ______________ and in ________________________. • The ________________________, fast and dangerous, was only just becoming available in great numbers and was practically a symbol of the period. • Fitzgerald had lived in Great Neck, Long Island, the model for __________________, and he had attended ______________________ as lavish as any that Gatsby threw. • Physically, the setting helps to emphasize the novel’s _________________ ______________ _________________ (rich/poor, dreams/material reality). • East and West Egg face each other across the bay. Gatsby’s house faces the Buchanan’s across the bay. Gatsby is ____________________________________ _________________________________, but will get no closer. Symbolism • The symbolic elements of Gatsby help to give a _____________________ __________________________ to the story. • ______________ is not just a young man from _____________________ who made a lot of money in questionable ways, and _____________________ is not just an affluent suburb. • The _________________________ on Daisy’s dock that Gatsby stares at longingly from his beach comes to represent _______________________________________. • The center of the setting, the __________________________________ with its ash- gray men and impenetrable dust, is a symbolic representation of the setting as a whole, the ____________________ of 20th century American life. • The “dust that floated in the wake of [Gatsby’s] dreams” comes from the valley of the ashes. At the center of the valley of ashes is the billboard containing the _________ _________________________________________________