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Marijuana Marijuana FACTS  Marijuana is the most commonly abused

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Marijuana Marijuana FACTS  Marijuana is the most commonly abused Powered By Docstoc
					   Marijuana                                    FACTS:
 Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in the United
  States. A dry, shredded green/brown mix of flowers, stems, seeds,
  and leaves of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa. Sedative

 Usually is smoked as a cigarette (joint, nail), or in a pipe (bong). It
  also is smoked in blunts, which are cigars that have been emptied of
  tobacco and refilled with marijuana, often in combination with another
  drug. It might also be mixed in food or brewed as a tea.

 The main active chemical in marijuana is THC (delta-9-
  tetrahydrocannabinol).
 Contains 4-16% THC (60’s & 70’s = 1% THC…275% increase in last 15
  years)

 AKA:
  Pot, dope, grass, weed, Mary Jane, chronic, reefer, ganja, kaya, doobie,
  keef, herb, widow, and hash.
   Marijuana
 FACTS cont.:
 In 2004, 14.6 million Americans age 12 and older used
  marijuana at least once in the month. About 6,000 people a
  day in 2004 used marijuana for the first time—2.1 million
  Americans. Of these, 63.8 percent were under age 18. In 2003,
  marijuana was the third most commonly abused drug
  mentioned in drug-related hospital emergency department
  (ED) visits in the United States, at 12.6 percent, following
  cocaine (20 percent) and alcohol (48.7 percent).

 Who uses it?
  Marijuana is the most widely used illegal drug in the United States.
  1 in 4 12th graders say they are current users. Between 1991 and
  2001, the number of 8th graders who used marijuana doubled
  from one in ten to one in five.

 In 2002, over 280,000 people entering drug treatment programs
  reported marijuana as their primary drug of abuse.
    Marijuana
                              Short Term Effects

   problems with memory and learning
   distorted perception (sights, sounds, time, touch)
   trouble with thinking and problem solving
   loss of motor coordination
   increased heart rate
   Sleepiness and dizziness
   Blood shot eyes, dry mouth, and dry throat
   “Munchies”-increase of appetite

    These effects are even greater when other drugs are
     mixed with the marijuana; and users do not always
             know what drugs are given to them.
 Marijuana
                           Long Term Effects

 Burn Out=apathetic, slow moving, dull, inattentive,
  unaware of surroundings
 Enhanced risk of Cancer and Heart Disease
 Interferes w/ hormones that control sexual
  development, fertility, and sexual functioning
 Lowers the body’s Immune System
 Permanent memory loss
 Links to Lung Cancer
 Marijuana
 Why do young people use marijuana?
  Many young people smoke marijuana because they see their brothers,
  sisters, friends, or even older family members using it…others use
  because of peer pressure.
  Many think it’s cool to use marijuana because they hear songs about it
  and see it on TV and in movies. Some teens may feel they need
  marijuana and other drugs to help them escape from problems at home,
  at school, or with friends.
Is marijuana sometimes used as a medicine?
 THC, the active chemical in marijuana, is manufactured into a pill
  available by prescription that can be used to treat the nausea and
  vomiting that occur with certain cancer treatments and to help AIDS
  patients eat more to keep up their weight.
 According to scientists, more research needs to be done on THC's side
  effects and other potential medical uses.

				
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posted:2/22/2012
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