Ulcer disease or medical language is called gastritis

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					                                   Chapter I
                                INTRODUCTION


1.1 Preliminary


      Heartburn is a familiar name from one of our digestive system disorders.? In the
health world, the term used is peptic ulcer (peptic ulcer), which can attack the stomach or
duodenum. Stomach and duodenum is part of our digestive organs. As you know, our
digestive system consists of various organs, which starts from the mouth to the anus.
Gastric and duodenal This is where the second stage of digesting food after food is
digested in our mouths. Disruption or inflammation of the stomach and duodenum is also
known as gastritis from duodenitist.
       How does the disruption of gastric / duodenal? Look nih story: Food entering the
stomach will be digested chemically with the help of the enzyme renin and pepsin and
gastric acid (HCl). In healthy people, there is a balance between enzymes and gastric acid
by gastric mucosal resistance (layer of mucus on the stomach). This means that the
presence of enzymes and stomach acid does not cause disruption in the lining of gastric
mucosa. They live next door to both, so that the peaceful atmosphere created in the
stomach cavity. If there is a balance disorder, there will be damage to the mucosa which
causes pain (pain). When these disturbances occur continuously, the injury occurred on
the gastric mucosal layer.
        The pain is caused by gastric acid stimulation of gastric mucosal layer, so that
the ends of her nerves are more sensitive to pain. The pain is usually felt in the solar
plexus area and obviously felt that it could be demonstrated with certainty the location.
Sometimes this pain is felt in the chest wall could also be in the front or back. Besides
pain, stimulation of stomach acid had also resulted in the emergence of nausea. This pain
will be felt when the stomach is empty and disappear after a filled food.
        Typical symptoms of the disorder in the duodenum is a pain at night. Not all
heartburn sufferers to feel the complaints as mentioned above. There also are without



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symptoms, but suddenly vomiting blood or defecate with blackened blood. Therefore
need to be alert at all times. This disease can affect anyone and at any age. Because so
often the case, then this disease is one problem in the health field.


1.2 Background
          Ulcer disease is known to us. If you relapse, the sufferer will feel nausea, sores
   in the stomach, pain, and bloating. Also, many patients who spend a cold sweat and
   their faces become pale. In some people may even faint mag is not resistant to attack.
   Mag can happen to anyone from any age group. Especially those who do not pay
   attention to a regular diet. Journalists are often considered among the most vulnerable
   and most       suffer from     this   disease because of irregular eating habits.
   Various references are made, quite popular ulcer disease among people in the United
   States. As many as 60 percent of people in Uncle Sam's country went to the doctor
   because of stomach complaints. Once diagnosed, as many as 40 percent diagnosed
   with an ulcer.
           Medically, the main cause of ulcer is irregular eating habits and stress. Diet is
   associated with the production of acid in the stomach. This acid is used to digest the
   food into your stomach on a regular schedule. Gastric acid production occurs even
   though we were sleeping.
           Well, irregular eating patterns make it difficult to adapt to the stomach. If this
   is prolonged, excessive production of stomach acid that would irritate the gastric
   mucosal wall. This is what causes pains and nausea. These symptoms can go up into
   the esophagus causing a burning fire.
           Meanwhile, the stress can also cause gastric disturbances that we call this
   mag. Because when the stress on the nervous system of the brain associated with
   gastric disorder will experience due to ketidakseimbamgan. In addition, stress also
   causes changes in the body hormomal which can stimulate excessive production of
   acid. Condition that causes stomach feels sore, and swollen.




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1.3 Problems
   1.3.1   What is an ulcer disease (Gastritias)?
   1.3.2   What are the causes of ulcer disease (Gastritis)?
   1.3.3   How do I avoid ulcer disease (Gastritis)?
   1.3.4   Food and drink anything that should be avoided for ulcer disease (Gastritis)?
   1.3.5   How is the process of ulcer disease (Gastritis) can occur?


1.4 Destination
       To be able to find out what the cause of ulcer disease (Gastritis), the danger
   posed, and how to overcome ulcer disease (Gastritis) itself.




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                                   Chapter II
                                    DISCUSSION



2.1 Discussion
       Ulcer disease or medical language is called gastritis is a disease suffered irritation
of gastric mucous layer and is often accompanied by infection in the mucosal layer.
When ulcer disease lasts long enough to be added thin layer of mucous and acid secretion
in the stomach will grow a lot as well as covering the entire mucosal layer. It causes pain
and kembungnya will be heavier. Gastritis derived of two words that mean the gastric
stomach, and it is means inflammation or swelling.
       Gastritis is an inflammation of the gastric mucosa occurs region caused by germs,
when can occur in acute and chronic.


2.2 Clasiffication Gastritis
a. Acute gastritis
   Acute inflammation of the stomach wall is usually limited to the mucosa only.
Occurs on top of gastritis, acute gastritis ekssogen and endogenous.
b. Chronic gastritis
       Chronic inflammation in the gastric wall mucosa may part just above sub after
penetration kelapisan gastric mucosa that is rich in blood vessels. Chronic gastritis Acute
gastritis occurs because na that is not handled.
       In addition, the hull will experience a failure to produce intrinsic factor, a
substance that is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12. If vitamin B12 deficiency,
would be anemia (lack of blood) that medical language is often called pernicious anemia.
       In addition to pain and bloating, symptoms of clinical ulcer disease could be
nausea and vomiting, headache, tongue felt thick, like coated in something (coated
tongue), can increase or decrease in appetite (appetite), diarrhea (defecate, defecation),
and cramps in stomach. Relapse which occurred often in the form of bloating, upper
abdominal pain or cramping in the stomach.


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       Classified as recalcitrant ulcer disease. There are times when the symptoms
disappeared after treatment, but often recur. Once relapse would cause pain in epigastrum
(upper abdomen), accompanied by decreased appetite, even anorexia (appetite loss). If it
were   so,   there   is   a   fever     accompanied   by nausea    so   sudden    vomiting.


To avoid the reemergence of ulcer disease, there are a few things that is
recommended.
   o First, restrict / even if need to avoid eating fried. In ulcer patients who are chronic,
       low-fat diet to its attention.
   o Second, to reduce irritation to more severe gastric mucosa, should avoid sour
       foods, such as lime, lemon, sour tangerine which, sour oranges, tomatoes,
       pineapple, and foods that are too stimulating gastric (spicy hot).
   o Third, avoid consuming beverages that contain alcohol, coffee, soda, carbon / gas
       (soft drinks).
   o Fourth, it is recommended to consume foods such as papaya or other juice that
       contains no citrus / feels sour. Besides the consumption of foods such as brown
       rice (brown rice), pasta, potatoes and yoghurt.


There are several things that makes a person could be attacked by inflammation of
the stomach, among others:
   a. Diet
       People who have irregular eating patterns susceptible to this disease. At the time
       of the stomach should be filled, but left empty, or delayed filling, gastric acid will
       œmencernan gastric mucosal lining, causing pain.
   b. Type of food
       Certain foods will stimulate the stomach wall, leading to inflammation / injury,
       such as eating spicy or acidic.




   c. Emotional stress



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       Gastric acid production will increase on the state of stress, such as excessive
       workloads, anxiety, fear, or rushed. Increased gastric acid levels will cause
       discomfort in the stomach.
   d. Drug consumption
       There are certain drugs which stimulate the stomach wall, causing a balance
       disorder of the stomach. Therefore, certain medicines, should be consumed after
       the meal. Some of them are painkillers from among salicylic acid and mifenamat
       (eg aspirin, ponstan). Rheumatic drugs are also included.
   e. The existence of diseases such as burns, surgery kidney failure, and others.
   f. Alcohol and cigarettes.


       Gastritis that is usually found in the society is functional heartburn.
Functional heartburn is caused by various factors. Complaints that could arise due to the
increase occurred because of excessive stomach acid in the stomach. May be mentioned
the flood of stomach acid.
       In addition to excess stomach acid can also be disrupted by the stomach bile rising
from the duodenum through the stomach can even go up to the esophagus. The presence
of increased bile can cause disturbances in the stomach to cause damage to the wall of the
stomach. Which can lead to excessive stomach acid such as food stimulates gastric acid
nature itself. Typically spicy food, acid, food with flavor stimulates such as ginger,
pepper and vinegar. Also to be avoided coffee, alcohol (hard liquor) and retaining the
drug pain (analgesic). Other factors that aggravate the ulcer is the psychic or
psychological factors, in addition there are also disease-causing bacterium Helicobacter
pylori gastritis is. Maag also can also be caused by allergy to something specific foods,
such as fish, chocolate, etc.
       Gastric motility or movement is also one factor for functional heartburn
penyebabkan disorders. The presence of slow gastric emptying and food contact resulted
in gastric fluid for longer than usual and this will certainly caused disruption in the
stomach.
       Motor movement Gagguan other gastrointestinal system can also cause functional
heartburn, among others: the unbalanced distribution of food in the stomach,



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pengakomodasian in the stomach that is not balanced, antral hypomotility (usually that
causes a person to vomit because the stomach is abnormal movement), gastric gastric
dysrhythmias or movement which is slower than normal movement of the abdomen
(tachygastrias, bradygastrias, and mixed dysrhythmias), and changes in movement of
duodenum in the body.
       Functional changes or movement in the body especially the digestive system that
occurs after food is digested normally would cause a slowing emptying of the stomach
space that expands the size of the abdominal muscles more than normal size and you will
feel bloated and nauseous. According to the report, the emptying of space occurs in 30%
gastric ulcer patients, and 70% of these patients is caused by abnormal movement of the
digestive system.


2.3 Food and beverages should be avoided are:
   a. Food and beverage that contains a lot of gas and too much fiber, among others,
       certain vegetables (cabbage, cauliflower), certain fruits (jackfruit, banana), certain
       fibrous foods (kedondong, dried fruit), beverages containing gas (such as
       carbonated beverages).
   b. Beverages stimulate gastric acid expenses among others: coffee, alcoholic
       beverages 50-20%, white wine, citrus juice, milk.
   c. Foods that are difficult to digest that can slow gastric emptying. Because this may
       cause an increase in gastric stretch which eventually can increase stomach acid
       include fatty foods, cake, chocolate and cheese.
   d. Food that directly damage the gastric wall of foods that contain vinegar and spicy,
       pepper and herbs that stimulate.
   e. Foods that weaken the lower esophageal valve causing gastric fluid can rise into
       the esophagus include alcohol, chocolate, high fat foods, fried foods.
       Activities that increase the gas in the stomach also should be avoided, among
       others,      eating   candy,    especially    chewing      gum      and     smoking.
       Symptoms - symptoms of heartburn
       Ulcer in general are widely found in many people of various ages, professions,
   and levels of society. Most people have heard and know the originator of the



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occurrence of an ulcer as late meals, irregular meals, food or drink that stimulates the
production of stomach acid, and stress.
   Still, perhaps many of us who do not fully understand the symptoms of heartburn.
Pains in the stomach / in the solar plexus is often called an ulcer. In fact, symptoms of
an ulcer should not stung once. discomfort in the stomach / solar plexus is
accompanied by nausea or bloating and frequent belching or feeling full quickly is
also a symptom of an ulcer.
   Ulcer dyspepsia is commonly known symptoms of excess stomach acid. When
stomach acid levels increase, then the hull will experience symptoms of bloating and
belching. Symptoms that occur because the essence of this heartburn is an increase in
excessive stomach acid to produce bubbles of gas in the stomach so a person feel
bloated.
   Pain management in the stomach or commonly called, sat or begah also a
symptom of an ulcer which is often not realized. This can be felt at the time before
and after meals. Also cause excessive stomach acid.
   Besides a sense of bloating, nausea, abdominal or in full, sat and begah, there are
also other symptoms that are often not recognized as symptoms of an ulcer.
Symptoms are perceived bitter taste in the mouth. This arises because of the bitter
taste of excessive stomach acid pushing up into the esophagus that arises sometimes
bitter or sour taste in the throat and mouth.
   Thus, if you feel symptoms such as nausea, bloating, or begah, sat, or a bitter taste
on the tongue, even if you do not feel the pains in the stomach, you may be
experiencing symptoms of an ulcer caused by excess stomach acid. Therefore, eating
regularly and avoiding trigger factors of ulcer is very important to prevent an ulcer.
Reduction of pain sufferers mag is not yet widely applied. There is no panacea for
reducing gastric acid levels. Medically untukmengurangi given pain medicine as a
sedative sedatives uneasiness because of a stomach ache. Sometimes given diuretic
drugs to augment the release of bodily fluids with expectations, partly lambungakan
acid come out with the liquid. But this way there was not much help.




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                                       CHAPTER III
                                         CLOSING


3.1 Conlusions
        Ulcer disease or medical language is called gastritis is a disease suffered irritation
of gastric mucous layer and is often accompanied by infection in the mucosal layer.
When ulcer disease lasts long enough to be added thin layer of mucous and acid secretion
in the stomach will grow a lot as well as covering the entire mucosal layer. It causes pain
and kembungnya will be heavier.
       Classified as recalcitrant ulcer disease. There are times when the symptoms
disappeared after treatment, but often recur. Once relapse would cause pain in epigastrum
(upper abdomen), accompanied by decreased appetite, even anorexia (appetite loss). If it
were   so,   there   is   a   fever   accompanied    by nausea      so     sudden   vomiting.
Ulcer in general are widely found in many people of various ages, professions, and levels
of society. Most people have heard and know the originator of the occurrence of an ulcer
as late meals, irregular meals, food or drink that stimulates the production of stomach
acid, and stress.
        Thus, if you feel symptoms such as nausea, bloating, or begah, sat, or a bitter taste
on the tongue, even if you do not feel the pains in the stomach, you may be experiencing
symptoms of an ulcer caused by excess stomach acid. Therefore, eating regularly and
avoiding trigger factors of ulcer is very important to prevent an ulcer.


3.2 Suggestions
        I hope this paper will from be useful for the reading and for authors and
information Can be applied in a paper in everyday life.




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posted:2/22/2012
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