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									   ASGSB                                               Biology Bridging Earth and Space

                                                                                                            Volume 23, Number 2
   Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology
                                                                                                            Spring 2007

                                                          Dear ASGSB Family:
Ken Souza, President
NASA Ames Research Center
                                                               On behalf of ASGSB President Ken Souza and the ASGSB Governing
Danny Riley, President-Elect                              Board, I am pleased to invite you to the 23rd annual meeting of our society.
Medical College of Wisconsin                              The meeting will be held at the NASA-Ames Conference Center on October
David Chapman, Secretary-Treasurer                        25-28, 2007. The fact that we will meet this year is a testament to the
                                                          dedication of all of you and your strong desire to maintain continuity during
Paul Todd, Immediate Past President                       these tumultuous times.
Techshot, Inc.
                                                               The meeting will have three exciting and timely symposia:
Tom K. Scott, Executive Director                               • Astrobiology: Understanding Life in the Solar System, chaired by
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill                           Carl Pilcher, NASA Astrobiology Institute Director, with talks by
                                                                    David DesMarais, “Astrobiological Exploration of the Surface of
Gail Bingham—2009          Marshall Porterfield—2009
                           Purdue University
                                                                    Mars”; Rocco Mancinelli, “Survival of Microbes in Space: Experi-
Utah State University
                                                                    mental Tests of Panspermia”; and others.
Simon Gilroy—2007          Janet Powers—2009                   • Science for Small Satellites, chaired by NASA Ames’ John Hines,
Pennsylvania State         DB Consulting Group                      Deputy Chief, Small Spacecraft Division Ames, with talks by John
   University                                                       Rummel, Michael McGinnis, Macarena Parra, and Tony Ricco.
Diana Jennings—2009        April Ronca—2007                    • Radiation Biology, chaired by our own Paul Todd, Chief Scientist,
NASA Institute for         Wake Forest University                   Techshot, Inc., with talks by Greg Nelson, “Neurological Effects of
  Advanced Concepts                                                 Galactic Cosmic Rays”; Marc Mendonca, “Acute Effects of Solar
                           Joe Tash—2008                            Storm Protons in Combination with Space Flight Factors”; and
David Klaus-2007           University of Kansas
University of Colorado       Medical Center
                           Wenonah Vercoutere—2007             Students will have the opportunity to present their work and participate in
                           NASA Ames
Richard Mains—2008         Wenonah Vercoutere-2007        the graduate and undergraduate poster competition with a new twist: Every
Mains Associates           NASA Ames Research Center      student presenter will give a one to two minute briefing (the why, the what,
                           Sarah Wyatt—2008               and the wow) of their research to the assembled crowd prior to the poster
Anna-Lisa Paul—2008        Sarah Wyatt—2008
University of Florida                                     session. Stay tuned for more details.
                           Ohio University
                                                               In addition, students will also have the option of presenting their work in
                                                          oral format in one of the four concurrent oral sessions. Look for a check box
  Thaddeus Fulford-Jones, ASGSB-SA President
  Massachusetts Institute of Technology
                                                          on the abstract submittal form if you want to be considered for this.
                                                                                                                      (continued on p. 2)
Lockheed-Martin, Inc.           Techshot, Inc.
Moffett Field, CA               Greenville, IN
                                                                               23 RD ASGSB
                                                                          A NNUAL M EETING ISSUE
Bionetics Corporation    ORBITEC, Inc.                                        C ALL FOR P APERS (p. 3)
Kennedy Space Center, FL Madison, WI                                 O NLINE A BSTRACT S UBMISSION I NFO (p. 4)
                                                                             R EGISTRATION F ORM (p. 7)
       Mains Associates, Inc.
       Berkeley, CA                                                   S PECIAL B ADGING R EQUIREMENTS (p. 2)
                                                                           H OUSING I NFORMATION (p. 2)
       Universities Space Research Association                S TUDENT T RAVEL A WARDS /O THER O PPORTUNITIES (p. 6)
       Division of Space Life Sciences
       Houston, TX                                                         P RELIMINARY P ROGRAM (p. 5)
                                                                 C ANDIDATES FOR P RES -E LECT & B OARD (p. 9-10)
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF          NEWSLETTER EDITOR                                       Moffett Field, CA
Stanley Roux             Janet V. Powers                                        October 25-28, 2007
                               ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting Invitation                                 (continued)

         We will have special lunch presentations on “Career           the Klumpke-Roberts Award by the Astronomical
    Choices in Space Life Sciences” and the “ISS National              Society of the Pacific in recognition of his outstanding
    Laboratory” concept. As usual, all presenters will be invited      contributions to the public understanding and apprecia-
    to submit their work as an extended abstract in the                tion of astronomy, Seth is also Chair of the International
    Society’s peer-reviewed journal, Gravitational and Space           Academy of Astronautics SETI Permanent Study Group.
    Biology.                                                                All in all, for a meeting that almost did not happen,
         Of course we will have plenty of time for networking          this should be one of our most exciting gatherings so far.
    and interaction, including a reception on Friday evening                See you there!
    and our banquet on Saturday evening. We are fortunate to
    have as our banquet speaker Seth Shostak, SETI Institute           Chris
    Senior Astronomer, who will answer the questions, “When            Chris Brown, NC State University
    Will We Find ET, and What If We Do?” Recently awarded              2007 ASGSB Annual Meeting Chair

               ASGSB Annual Meeting
                                                                                        Housing Information
    Special Requirements for Access to NASA Ames

      The 23rd annual meeting of the ASGSB is taking place October                       The 2007 ASGSB meeting will be held
    25-28, 2007 on a US government facility, i.e., the NASA Ames                     Thursday, October 25 through Sunday,
    Research Center’s Research Park, Moffett Field, CA. Access to the                October 28, 2007, at the NASA Ames
    Research Park requires the following:                                            Research Center, Moffett Field, CA.
                                                                                         We have 45 rooms at the NASA Lodge
    US citizens:                                                                     available at $55/night (http://
    A government issued photo identification is required, e.g., a US        and
    state driver’s license, US passport.                                             50 "Basic Rooms" at the Lodge at $45/
    Access to the Research Park is through the main gate to NASA                     night. Contact the Reservation Desk at 650-
    Ames Research Center. A security guard at the main gate will                     603-7101.
    request photo identification upon entrance. Inform the guard that                    Please note that the number of rooms is
    you are attending the ASGSB meeting at the NASA Conference                       limited, so make your reservations early
    Center, Bldg 3. The guard will provide directions to the Confer-                 and identify yourself as an attendee at the
    ence Center and to the NASA Lodge, if you reserved a room there.                 ASGSB meeting.
    No special NASA badge is required for access.                                        The following hotels are nearby to the
                                                                                     NASA Lodge:
    Non-US citizens:
    Notice of attendance at the ASGSB meeting must be provided no                    The County Inn: http://
    later than July 31, 2007. Please submit the notice with your           
    contact information (email and phone number) to                         Once received, you will be contacted
    and asked to provide additional information that must be reviewed                Hampton Inn and Suites - Mountain View/
    and approved by NASA. Within 4-6 weeks, you will be notified of                  Silicon Valley:
    your approval for access to the NASA Research Park.
    Access to the Research Park is through the main gate to NASA                         Others in the general area, but not as
    Ames Research Center. A security guard at the main gate will                     close to the NASA Conference Center as
    request photo identification upon entrance, e.g., a driver’s license or          the above, can be found at http://
    passport. Inform the guard that you are attending the ASGSB            
    meeting at the NASA Conference Center, Bldg 3. The guard will
    provide directions to the Conference Center and to the NASA
    Lodge, if you reserved a room there. No special NASA badge is
    required for access.
    Non-US citizens are requested to bring original I.N.S. green
    card or original passport and visa with them. Photocopies will
    not be accepted.

2    Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)    Spring 2007
                            ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting

                                          Call for Papers
     The American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology is pleased to issue a call for papers
for its 23rd Annual Meeting. The meeting will take place October 25-28, 2007, at the NASA Ames
Research Center, Moffett Field, CA. A preliminary program may be found on page 5.
     You are invited to submit an abstract electronically no later than

                                              July 6, 2006,
using one of the abstract forms found on the ASGSB website, Please be sure
to follow carefully the abstract submission instructions found at the website.
        Abstracts will be compiled and published in a volume of Gravitational and Space
Biology, to be distributed at the meeting.

                           TOPICS FOR ANNUAL MEETING
                        Advanced Life Support
                        Animal Development, Growth and Genetics
                        Animal Gravity Sensing and Neurophysiology
                        Animal Regulatory Physiology
                        Animal Structural Systems/Muscle Physiology
                        Cell Biology
                        Plant Development, Growth and Genetics
                        Plant Gravity Perception/Transduction
                        Plant Physiology
                        Space Biomedical Research
                        Space Flight Experiment Results
                        Student Poster Competitions

    The Program Committee will select from the submitted abstracts those to be included in the oral
sessions. All other abstracts are assigned to an appropriate poster session based on the authors’
selected topic areas.
    New for this year, four student abstracts will be selected for oral presentations. If you wish
to be considered for an oral presentation, please check the box on the Student Abstract Submission
form on the ASGSB web site. Students will continue to participate in the competitions by presenting
their papers as posters. Another new feature this year is that each student will have the opportunity
to give a one- to two-minute oral presentation at the beginning of each Student Poster
Competition session. See also the article on page 6.
    Abstracts scheduled for poster sessions will be assigned poster board space. The area allotted
for each poster will be 40” h x 60” w. NOTE that this size is different from previous year’s poster
space. Please plan accordingly!
    ASGSB membership is not required for presentation of papers or posters. Due to publication
deadlines, the Program Committee may be unable to include an abstract submitted later than the date
indicated above.

                           Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   3
      ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting Abstract Submission Information

                                           ASGSB 2007 Meeting
                                    Electronic Submission of Abstracts

                                      Abstracts Due Friday, July 6, 2007

    Meeting participants are encouraged to submit their abstract for the 2007 ASGSB meeting using the
    electronic abstract submission system, which was implemented for the 2004 annual meeting. With this
    system, you will not need to email your abstract, mail disks, or FAX submission forms. The online system
    streamlines the submission process for you and for the Program Committee.

    STEP 1: Preparation of the Abstract

    The process in the electronic submission of abstracts is designed to be convenient for members submitting
    abstracts and to assist the Program Committee in preparation of the program and abstract edition of
    Gravitational and Space Biology, which will be distributed at the annual meeting.

    The first step of the process is to prepare your abstract. The preparation of the abstract is similar to the
    procedures of past years. Go to the ASGSB website


    and click on the link to “Electronic Submission of Abstracts,” which takes you to STEP 1. Follow care-
    fully the instructions for preparation of the abstract, which also include information on hardcopy dimen-
    sions and a sample of a finished abstract in the boxes used for publication in the program and abstract
    edition of Gravitational and Space Biology.

    STEP 2: Submission of the Abstract

    Once you have prepared your abstract, you are then ready to submit it. Members and other non-student
    presenters should click on the “Member” button to submit your abstract. All students (graduate students,
    undergraduate students, and high school students) should click on the “Student” button. Student poster
    presentations are eligible for a variety of awards.
    Then complete the requested information on the electronic abstract submission forms.
    The online form will allow the author to upload the abstract as a file from the author’s computer to the
    server using a file upload script built into the ASGSB webpage (a “browse” button on the form allows the
    author to browse their computer to find/select the file to upload; abstract would be prepared as a word
    processing document as in the past). For student abstracts, the scripts will automatically send an email
    request to the faculty sponsor for confirmation.
    Students: NOTE new for the 2007 annual meeting is the opportunity for students to submit their
    abstracts for consideration to be one of four student abstracts selected for oral presentations during
    the concurrent Oral Sessions. If you wish to be considered for selection for an oral presentation,
    check the box on the “Student” online form.
    Tom K. Scott Award: Students wishing to compete for this award should check the appropriate box
    on the “Student” online form and provide a letter of nomination. Note there are other requirements
    for consideration for this award. See article on page 6.

    The Publications Committee thanks Tim Mulkey for his work on the abstract submission system.

4   Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007
          ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting Preliminary Program

                              ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting
                              NASA Ames Research Center
                                 October 25-28, 2007

                                       Preliminary Program

                                    Thursday October 25, 2007
12:00 noon - 6:00 pm              Registration Desk Open
7:30 pm - 10:00 pm                ASGSB Governing Board Meeting

                                     Friday October 26, 2007
7:30 am - 5:00 pm                 Registration Desk Open
8:00 am - 8:30 am                 Welcome and Opening Remarks
8:30 am - 12:15 pm                Symposium I: Astrobiology
                                          Chair: Carl Pilcher
12:15 pm - 2:00 pm                Lunch
                                  Special Session on the ISS National Lab Concept
                                  Committee Meetings
2:00 pm - 5:00 pm                 Poster Sessions I & II
5:00 pm - 6:00 pm                 Committee Meetings
6:00 pm - 9:00 pm                 Reception

                                    Saturday October 27, 2007
8:00 am - 5:00 pm                 Registration Open
8:30 am - 12:15 pm                Symposium II: Science for Small Satellites
                                          Chair: John Hines
12:15 pm - 2:00 pm                Lunch
                                  Special Session on Career Choices in Space Life Science
                                  Committee Meetings
2:00 pm - 4:00 pm                 Concurrent Oral Sessions I & II
4:00 pm - 5:30 pm                 Poster Session III
6:00 pm - 9:00 pm                 Banquet and ASGSB Business Meeting

                                     Sunday October 28, 2007
7:00 am - 8:30 am                 ASGSB Governing Board Meeting
8:00 am - 3:00 pm                 Registration Desk Open
8:30 am - 12:15 pm                Symposium III: Space Radiation Biology
                                          Chair: Paul Todd
12:15 pm - 1:30 pm                Lunch
1:30 pm - 3:30 pm                 Concurrent Oral Sessions III & IV
3:30 pm                           Adjourn

                     Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   5
                                    ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting Information

                                           Opportunities for Students

       Tom K. Scott Student Scholarship Award                               Oral Presentation Opportunities for
                    Opportunity                                             Students at the 2007Annual Meeting

           The Tom K. Scott Student Scholarship is an annual                  Students will have the opportunity to present
     award made by ASGSB to a student demonstrating                      their work and participate in the graduate and
     excellent academic and/or professional achievements,                undergraduate poster competition with a new twist:
     and an outstanding potential for success in, and interest           Every student presenter will give a one to two
     in, the field of gravitational and space biology. This              minute briefing (the why, the what, and the wow) of
     award recognizes students for their past accomplish-                their research to the assembled crowd prior to their
     ments as well as encourages further excellence in the               assigned Student poster session. We expect this to
     field. In addition to the opportunity for giving an oral            take approximately 1 hour. After the short briefings,
     presentation at the annual meeting, recipients will                 students will stand by their posters for the remainder
     receive a monetary award and a certificate recognizing              of the Student Poster Competition sessions.
     the award. The scholarship is open to all graduate                       In addition, four students will have the option
     students pursuing a Masters, Ph.D., and/or M.D. in a                of presenting their work in oral format in one of the
     field related to gravitational and space biology.                   four concurrent oral sessions. Look for a check box
           Applicants must not have completed their degree at            on the Student abstract submittal form if you want
     the time of the application deadline, but may have                  to be considered for the oral presentation selection.
     graduated by the time the award is presented. Although
     applicants need not be members of ASGSB, the student                Chris Brown
     selected must become a member before being presented                2007 ASGSG Annual Meeting Program Chair
     the award and the recipient is required to attend the
     ASGSB annual meeting. Previous recipients of the Tom
     K. Scott Award are not eligible to apply for the scholar-
           The applicants should submit an abstract of their
                                                                                    Student Travel Awards
     proposed presentation for the annual meeting, using the
     Student abstract submission form on the ASGSB                             This year the ASGSB has again received
     website (, by the abstract submission               funding to support student travel stipend
     deadline of July 6, 2007. Applicants should check the                awards. The 2007 Program Committee encour-
     box on the form indicating they wish to compete for the              ages students who would like to present a poster
     Tom K. Scott Award. In addition, they should include an              at this year’s meeting at Ames Research Center
     updated C.V. that includes educational history, research             to apply for this support.
     experience, publications, professional activities, etc. A                 Applications are welcome from both
     letter of nomination/recommendation highlighting                     graduate and undergraduate students. Individual
     attributes of the candidate for the award should be                  awards will be $250, and will be presented by
     written and submitted by a faculty member who knows                  check at registration. Note that awards are
     the applicant well. The recommendation letter should be              given on a first come, first served basis.
     submitted directly by the recommender in electronic                  Students will be notified of their award status
     form. Both the C.V. and the recommendation letter                    by August 22nd in order to meet early registra-
     should be submitted by email to David Klaus,                         tion deadlines for the meeting.                                                       To apply, check the appropriate box on the
           For more information and/or questions, please                  Student poster abstract submission form on the
     contact David Klaus,                             ASGSB website.

6   Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007
ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting Registration Form

    Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   7
                                  ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting Information

                                     Call for ASGSB Award Nominations
        As we begin to anticipate the rest and relaxation that comes with summer vacations, it is time once
    again for our thoughts to turn to, yes—those colleagues whose contributions to the fields of gravita-
    tional and space biology and to the ASGSB deserve special note. The Awards Committee is actively
    soliciting from the membership at large nominations for the awards listed below. Please take a moment
    to review the categories, think about a deserving candidate, and send your nomination!

    1. Thora W. Halstead Young Investigator Award: This award was
    established in 1994 to honor a young scientist who exemplifies Thora’s
    drive and enthusiasm for science, and who has made significant contri-
    butions to the field of space biology. The award is dedicated to Dr.
    Thora Halstead in recognition of the years she spent encouraging young
    scientists to enter Space Biology research. Previous recipients: Jay
    Buckey (1994), Mary Musgrave (1995), John Kiss (1996), Edwin Miller
    (1997), Simon Gilroy (1998), Gloria Muday (1999), Volker Kern
    (2000), Brenda Klement (2001), Markus Braun (2002), David Klaus
    (2003), April Ronca (2004), Elison Blancaflor (2005), and Marshall
    Porterfield (2006).                                                                       Thora Halstead during the
                                                                                                2001 Annual Meeting.

                                           2. Orr Reynolds Distinguished Service Award: This award is made to
                                           an individual for distinguished service to the Society “above and
                                           beyond the call of duty.” The award is made in honor and memory of
                                           the late Dr. Orr Reynolds, one of the founding charter members of the
                                           Society. Previous recipients: Don Beem (1990), Marc Tischler (1992),
                                           Pat Russell (1993), Ron Dutcher & Janet Powers (1994), Peter
                                           Kaufman (1995), Stan Roux (1997), Mary Musgrave (1998), Ken Souza
                                           (1999), Jackie Duke (2000), Tim Mulkey (2001), Bob Phillips (2002),
                                           Tom Dreschel (2003), Gerald Sonnenfeld (2004), Chris Brown (2005),
                                           and Cary Mitchell (2006).
     Orr Reynolds at the 1989 ASGSB
      Meeting in Cocoa Beach, FL.     3. Founder’s Award: This award is the highest honor given by the
                                      Society. It is made to a member of the Society for distinguished
    scientific contributions to and leadership in the field of gravitational and space biology. Previous
    recipients: Orr Reynolds (1989), Nello Pace & Allan Brown (1990), Bob Krauss & Milt Smith (1991),
    Thora Halstead (1992), Abe Krikorian (1993), Frank Salisbury & Don Whedon (1994), Emily Holton &
    Andreas Sievers (1996), Joe Musacchia (1997), Jack Myers (1998), Gerald Sonnenfeld (1999), Charles
    (Chuck) Wunder (2000), Mike Evans (2001), Ken Souza (2002), Bill Knott (2003), Terri Lomax (2004),
    Stan Roux (2005), and Charles Tipton (2006).
        The final recipients of these awards are chosen by the Awards Committee, in consultation with the
    current President and the Executive Director. Nominations from the Society’s membership are very
    strongly encouraged and may be submitted to Chair Emily Holton or to the Executive Director.
        Nominations should be accompanied by the name and professional address of the candidate and a
    short Curriculum Vitae, along with a paragraph outlining why the candidate is particularly deserving of
    the award. The most direct mechanism for submissions is by e-mail to Dr. Emily Holton, Chair, Awards
    Committee, The deadline for receiving nominations is 5 p.m. PDT, October
    1, 2007.

8    Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007
                                ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting Elections

                         ASGSB Elections at 2007 Annual Meeting

         This fall, the ASGSB membership will be electing a new President-Elect and four new Governing
Board members from the slate of candidates listed below. Full nomination statements will be available
prior to voting.

                               Candidates for President-Elect for Fall 2007

Jeffrey R. Alberts, Ph.D., is a Professor of Psycho-      D. Marshall Porterfield, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor
logical and Brain Sciences at Indiana University,         at Purdue University where he holds academic appoint-
Bloomington, as well as President, Star Enterprises,      ments in the departments of Agricultural & Biological
Inc. In both capacities Jeff has been active in space     Engineering, Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, and
and gravitational biology. As a university-based PI,      Biomedical Engineering. He currently is the director of the
he conducted three flight experiments (Cosmos             Bindley Bioscience Center-Physiological Sensing Facility
1514; NIH-R1, and NIH-R2) with rodents, all               where work is focused on the development and application
involving sensory and behavioral development, as          of biosensor technology and MEMS devices for agricul-
well as maternal processes. Through Star Enter-           tural, environmental, biological, and medical research
prises, he has developed space flight hardware for        applications. His research interests include biophysically
rodent experimentation. After Star’s projects were        mediated plant stress responses during space flight, and
terminated by NASA’s re-budgeting, Jeff became a          cellular signaling for gravisensing in single cells. He has
founding member of the Exploration Life and               worked on Chromex-03, 04, and 05, Astroculture 04, and
Medical Sciences Coalition (ELMS) to promote              the CUE space flight experiments, and recently flew the
space life sciences funding. He has served on the         Microfluidic Ion Sensor Array experiment on the C-9. He
ASGSB Board, is currently on the Public and               has served as an editor for Advances in Space Research,
Legislative Affairs committee, and is an Interna-         and now serves on the editorial board for the journal
tional Society for Gravitational Physiology (ISGP)        Sensors. He is currently a member of the ASGSB Govern-
Trustee. He has administrative experience at Indiana      ing Board (2006-2009) and the Finance Committee (since
University as Associate Vice President for Research.      2004). He first joined ASGSB as a doctoral student in 1993,
He maintains an active research program in develop-       and was honored with the Thora W. Halstead Young
mental psychobiology.                                     Investigator Award in 2006.

                          Candidates for ASGSB Governing Board for Fall 2007
Ted A. Bateman, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor,               Elison B. Blancaflor, Ph.D., is an Associate
Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University,               Professor and Director of the Cellular Imaging
Clemson, SC, where he directs the Osteoporosis Biome-           Facility at the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation,
chanics Laboratory. The lab focuses on space flight-            Ardmore, Oklahoma. In addition to his duties as the
biomedical research, collaborations with NASA, and              head of a multi-user microscopy facility, Dr.
testing potential therapies for osteoporosis. His first         Blancaflor carries out research on the role of the
experience with space biology was as a participant in the       cytoskeleton and lipids in plant development,
Space Life Sciences Training Program (SLSTP) in 1991.           hormone responses, and plant-microbe interactions.
Since that summer at Kennedy Space Center, his education        He has published his work in multiple journals
and career have been spent chasing a better understanding       including PNAS, Plant Physiology, Plant Journal,
of the impact of the space environment on living systems.       and Plant Cell. The research and microscopy
Ted is interested in space radiation-induced bone loss,         services conducted in Dr. Blancaflor’s laboratory
countermeasures for space flight bone loss, space flight as     have been funded by the Noble Foundation, NASA,
a test-bed for biomedical disorders, and molecular thera-       NSF, and DOE. He joined the ASGSB in 1993 and
pies for disuse osteoporosis. The opportunities NASA and        was the recipient of the 2005 Thora W. Halstead
his ASGSB involvement (since 1995) afforded him as a            Young Investigator Award.
student have shaped how he trains his own students.

                             Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   9
                            ASGSB 23rd Annual Meeting Elections (continued)

     J. David Dickman, Ph.D., is a Professor of Neurobiology at            school Gioia moved to Purdue where she has been
     Washington University in St. Louis, MO. His research                  working with Cary Mitchell as a postdoc and a member
     addresses the neural mechanisms that govern the perception of         of the NASA Specialized Center of Research and
     motion, spatial orientation, and the appropriate production of        Training in Advanced Life Support. Among other
     motor stabilization responses. He is keenly interested in the         things, she is researching energy efficient automated
     ability of animals to quickly adapt to the introduction to novel      LED lighting for off-Earth crop production and cultivar
     environments, such as experienced in microgravity during              and cultivation selection for plant-based life-support
     space flight. He has served as a NASA-funded PI for 20 years          systems.
     and was fortunate to participate in two COSMOS flights (2044
     and 2229) examining vestibular adaptation in adult rhesus             Stephen J. Moorman, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor
     monkeys to prolonged microgravity exposure. In addition, his          of Neuroscience and Cell Biology at the Robert Wood
     laboratory examines the effects of altered gravity exposure           Johnson Medical School. He is also a Harvard-Macy
     upon vestibular system development. As part of that effort, he        Medical Education Fellow, a Research!America Science
     flew an experiment on Endeavour STS-108 to examine                    Advocacy Fellow, and was a visiting fellow at the
     embryogenesis in microgravity, with a specially designed on-          Center for Advanced Studies in the Space Life Sciences
     board centrifuge to simulate Earth gravity as a control. They         at the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole. He
     found vestibular receptor synaptic formation significantly            maintains two research programs, one investigating the
     increased and afferent innervation patterns were smaller in           fundamental role that gravity plays in regulating gene
     microgravity developed embryos as compared to matched 1G              expression and the other investigating the uses of
     controls. His lab is currently conducting ground centrifuga-          technology in medical education and student assessment.
     tion experiments (with a chronic centrifuge built and housed          He has been a member of ASGSB since 1998.
     in his lab) to examine developmental, neurophysiolgical, and
     behavioral adaptations in animals exposed to chronic                  Muneo Takaoki, Ph.D., is a Senior Researcher at the
     hypergravity conditions during development. In addition to            Space Environment Utilization Center of the Japan
     research, he has served as a panel member and Chairman on             Aerospace Exploration Agency. He received a degree in
     numerous NASA advisory boards and funding study sections,             science from the Kyoto University in 1976 and worked
     since 1989.                                                           on immunology thereafter, including studying at the
                                                                           Harvard Medical School. In 1988, Dr. Takaoki joined
     Melissa Kirven-Brooks, Ph.D., is the Science Projects Lead            the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. to devote himself
     at the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI) and an employee of           to space biology. He has made major contributions in
     Lockheed Martin Mission Services at the NASA Ames                     directing experiment integrations, hardware develop-
     Research Center in California. Before joining the NAI,                ments, and launch-site operations for STS-47 (SL-J) and
     Melissa was a Project Scientist for three Shuttle experiments         STS-65 (IML-2). He also conducted TR-IA sounding
     and one ISS experiment and was the Science lead for the               rocket experiments and the commercial production of
     development of the SSBRP Incubator, and involved in the               3D clinostats. He moved to the Japanese space agency
     development and testing of the SSBRP Cell Culture Unit.               in 1999, and led scientific researches on cellular
     Melissa’s research has involved testing of bone and muscle            mechanoreception. He is now making an effort to
     cells, Arabidopsis, yeast, and nematodes. She holds a Ph.D.           develop joint research programs onboard the ISS with
     from MIT and has been attending ASGSB meetings since                  Asia-Pacific regional countries.
                                                                           Bruce D. Yost, Defouw Engineering, is currently a
     Gioia Massa, Ph.D., is a postdoctoral research associate at           Mission Manager in the newly established Small
     Purdue University. She has been interested in growing plants          Spacecraft Division at NASA Ames Research Center.
     in space since junior high school agriculture class exposure to       He is responsible for the integration, launch, and
     space life science. She was a trainee in the Space Life               operation of nanosatellites developed for space biologi-
     Sciences Training Program (SLSTP) at Kennedy Space Center             cal and exploration research. Over his career, he has
     in 1995 where she worked in plant space biology. She has              participated in many biological space flight experiments
     been an ASGSB member since 1998. For her Ph.D., Gioia                 on Shuttle, Spacelab, and Mir, as well as other un-
     worked with Simon Gilroy at Penn State on the interaction of          manned platforms, and he continues to develop capabili-
     touch and gravity in plant roots. While there she also served         ties for experimentation in the space environment. His
     as a project counselor for SLSTP and worked as the biology            most recent accomplishment has been supporting the
     team leader for a student designed and developed Get-Away-            successful demonstration of a small, autonomous
     Special payload that flew on STS-108 in 2001. After graduate          satellite (GeneSat-1) in support of space biology.

10      Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007
                              ASGSB Public and Legislative Affairs Update

     On April 18, 2007, a total of 27 congressional offices were visited, representing federal legislators across the United
States, and including members from the professional organizations of ASGSB, AIAA, FASEB, and AsMA. ASGSB and
other members advocated a “keep alive” budget for space life sciences for the upcoming FY08 appropriations cycle. Some
of the recommendations that were put forth are as follows:

    •    Policy: Assert a meaningful national commitment to a sustainable space life and physical sciences program and
         implement ISS as a national lab.

    •    Institutional: Direct NASA to re-engage the scientific community as a whole, including life and physical sciences,
         in an official advisory capacity.

    •    Budget: FY08: $77M “Keep Alive” down payment for future commitments, of which $39.5M is being asked as a
         budget plus up in the FY08 NASA appropriations budget.

    •    Management: Move sciences out of NASA Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) and reconstitute an
         organizational entity in NASA for life sciences.

    •    Competitiveness: Support S.761 America Competes, which authorizes a funding increase for NASA basic science
         and research in FY08.

     Unlike prior year visits, the 110th congressional offices were very interested in the budget numbers and the breakout.
Recurring requests for follow-up budget information was prevalent. In previous years the visits were congenial, but there
was always indication that a budget plus up was out of the question. This year the congressional offices gave us indication
that the numbers were very reasonable, and the possibility of a plus up was not out of the question. The group remains
cautiously optimistic that there will be a plus up in FY08 appropriations bill.
     Since the April visit, a letter was sent by Congress to President Bush calling for a space summit as a result of the
concern that America’s leadership in space could be threatened by a lack of resources devoted to the space program.
     Also, during May-June, appropriators will continue to meet to develop the content of the FY08 appropriations bill.
Support by ASGSB members to contact Congress is very important during this time period. (See the letter below with
information on how to contact Congress and what to include in your correspondence.)

Cindy Martin Brennan and Chris Brown

        Dear ASGSB Members:

             Where there is life, there is hope--and we still have a little life in life science at NASA. The American
        Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics has adopted Space Life and Physical Sciences as one of its top
        policy issues, the National Academies Space Studies Board’s most recent newsletter has strong language
        from its chair, and several powerful members of Congress have requested a meeting with President Bush on
        the future of a balanced, robust space program.
             Please take the following document (see next page) and turn it into a letter, an email, a fax, a phone
        call, or a visit, and contact your Senators and Representatives.
             Use the following links to get information about your Senators and Representatives:

        Respectfully submitted,

        Chris Brown
        Interim Chair
        ASGSB Public & Legislative Affairs Committee                                                                          (continued on next page)

                               Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   11
               ASGSB P&LA Information Document for Contacting Congress
                                              (continued from previous page)

      By the end of FY07, proposed cuts in microgravity life and physical sciences will have nearly eliminated entire
      research communities in the physical and life sciences, posing a direct threat to the future of the ISS as a national
      laboratory (in effect, wasting billions of taxpayers’ dollars already invested in this important facility), increasing the
      future risk and viability of the exploration vision, as well jeopardizing the United States’ superiority in space science
      and technology.

      The American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology, comprised of hundreds of researchers who have been
      engaged in exploration-related research for NASA in the microgravity life, biomedical and physical sciences are very
      concerned about the future of research aboard the International Space Station (ISS), the termination of associated
      ground-based research programs and the consequent negative impact on all NASA’s long-term research and develop-
      ment necessary to enable the human exploration of space. Across the disciplines formerly sponsored by the Office of
      Biological and Physical Research (OBPR), the downsizing over the last 2-3 years has negatively affected some 3,000
      graduate students, and research communities that have taken a decade or more to form now face dissolution.

      It has become clear that NASA has not been provided adequate resources to meet all of its obligations. These include
      the remaining assembly of the ISS, ongoing and future ISS research to develop the essential enabling technologies to
      leave low-earth orbit, and associated essential ground-based programs. At the same time, the agency must produce a
      timely replacement for the Shuttle, while simultaneously flying Shuttle missions necessary to assemble and outfit the
      ISS, along with laying the foundation to implement the President’s exploration vision. NASA’s options are severely
      limited and, as a result, microgravity research programs have been targeted for crippling cuts.

      Congress is urged to take a stand to insure that NASA has the ability to pursue its exploration mission while maintain-
      ing robust, exploration-related research programs in the life and physical sciences. The minimum additional funding
      necessary to keep these research communities functional and productive is on the order of $77 million for FY08, with
      equivalent annual appropriations thereafter. To assist the Congress in requiring NASA to maintain minimum capacity
      in the life and physical sciences, the following language is provided.


      Consistent with the NASA Authorization Act of 2005 (P.L.109-155) which expressly identified basic and
      applied microgravity life and physical sciences as necessary parts of NASA’s research portfolio and two
      National Academies reports which pointed out that a balanced set of programs should include core national
      capabilities, “keep alive” funding is necessary to avoid decimation in key life- and physical-science disciplines.
      Such research is essential for the fulfillment of the president’s exploration vision and must be restored to
      minimally sustainable levels. Thus, this committee provides an increase in FY 08 of at least $77,000,000
      (exclusive of funds for Multi-User Systems and Support) above the budget request, of which $39,700,000 is
      directed toward strategic space life sciences and $35,300,000 is directed toward strategic space physical sci-

      The $39,700,000 for space life sciences shall include a minimum of $12,200,000 for strategic, peer-reviewed,
      ground-based research and related artificial-gravity facilities above currently supported facilities for radiation
      and a minimum of $27,500,000 for strategic, peer reviewed, flight-based life-science research and long-duration
      facilities on the International Space Station (ISS) or other platforms.

      The $35,300,000 for space physical sciences shall include a minimum of $33,800,000 for strategic, peer-re-
      viewed, ground-based research grants and $1,500,000 for ground based test facilities.

      In addition, NASA shall formulate an external advisory panel to guide research priorities relative to explora-
      tion life and physical sciences consistent with the National Academies studies. For these future space-based,
      life- and physical-science flight activities, NASA shall plan the use of any combination of current or future
      space-transportation capabilities.

12   Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007
               Actions Taken by the ASGSB Board at Spring 2007 Meetings

American Society for Gravitational and Space                   Susie Dakin reported that membership currently stands
                  Biology                                      at 281.
     Governing Board Meeting Minutes **
              March 20 & 21, 2007                              2007 Annual Meeting
                   Teleconference                              Venue
                                                               Ken Souza noted that the November 2006 straw poll of
Tuesday, March 20, 2007                                        the membership gave the board a clear mandate to keep
                                                               the Society as it is but to reduce expenses. NASA Ames
Board members present: Kenneth Souza (President),              Research Center (ARC) was chosen as the venue at
David Chapman (Secretary-Treasurer), Paul Todd                 which it would be easiest to retain the current meeting
(Immediate Past President), Danny Riley (President-            format while keeping costs down. There is no charge for
Elect), Tom Scott (Executive Director), Gail Bingham,          the use of the conference center, audiovisual equipment,
Diana Jennings, David Klaus (joined the meeting at             or posterboards, and inexpensive housing is available on
2:40 p.m.), Richard Mains, Anna-Lisa Paul (joined the          base and moderately priced housing in nearby hotels.
meeting as 1:36 p.m.), Janet Powers, Joseph Tash,              Tom Scott and Wenonah Vercoutere are investigating
Wenonah Vercoutere, Sarah Wyatt                                other costs (catering and labor), and Vercoutere is
Board members absent: Simon Gilroy, J. Marshall                coordinating with facilities personnel at ARC. Labor
Porterfield, April Ronca                                       expenses (overtime) can be minimized by minimizing
Others present: Christopher Brown (Past Past                   set-ups and tear-downs. Possible layouts are being
President), Thaddeus Fulford-Jones (Student Associa-           explored, based on an estimated attendance of 120;
tion President), Susan Dakin (Executive Secretary)             workarounds are available to accommodate larger
                                                               numbers. The Society will probably need to provide
The meeting was called to order at 1:04 p.m. EDT by            computers, as was done for the 2006 Annual Meeting.
Ken Souza.                                                     Souza reported that the reception is planned for the
                                                               Exploration Center. Access to the base will not be a
Approval of the Minutes of the Fall Board Meetings             problem, though non–U.S. citizens will need to be
The minutes of the November 2 and 5, 2006, board               provided badges in advance.
meetings were approved as corrected.
Treasurer’s Report                                             Symposia
Dave Chapman reported that funds on hand as of                 Chris Brown reported that the meeting format will
March 19 were $33,397; for March through October               include smaller oral sessions, poster sessions and student
2007, anticipated revenues were $20,550, and antici-           poster competitions, and an education or career breakout
pated expenses were $29,239. These figures did not             session or working lunch. There will be three symposia:
include any annual meeting revenues or expenses. The           (1) Astrobiology, organized by Ken Souza and chaired by
projected surplus going into the annual meeting is             Carl Pilcher (Director of the NASA Astrobiology
about $25,000, providing some latitude for meeting-            Institute, at ARC), (2) Science for Small Satellites,
related expenses that will need to be paid before most         chaired by Ken Souza, working with John Hines (Man-
of the meeting income is received.                             ager of the Astrobionics Integrated Program/Project
Ken Souza reported that the $25,000 NASA grant for             Team, at ARC), and (3) Radiation Biology, chaired by
the 2007 annual meeting was expected to be approved            Paul Todd, working with Frank Cucinotta (Director of
and received within the next one to two months.                the NASA Space Radiation Health Project, at Johnson
                                                               Space Center).
                                                               Ken Souza reported that the Science for Small Satellites
 ** EDITOR’S NOTE: The minutes published here                  symposium will include enough science diversity to be of
 have been excerpted and/or edited from the draft              interest to small satellite manufacturers, who are inter-
 version of the March 2007 ASGSB Governing Board               ested in requirements. No speakers have been lined up
 meeting minutes. Final approval of the complete draft         yet, but there will probably be an overview of biotechnol-
 minutes will be given at the next Board meeting, during       ogy applications. Souza also reported on plans for the
 the October annual meeting. Revisions/corrections
 may be made before final approval.                                                            (continued on next page)

                            Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   13
           Actions Taken by the ASGSB Board at Spring 2007 Meetings (continued)

      Astrobiology symposium, noting that the area has a               Porterfield, Nancy Searby, and Paul Todd. Riley
      high concentration of astrobiologists, and that the              distributed a list of potential candidates for president-
      symposium could attract a large number of them to                elect and the board, which reflected a desire to reach
      attend at least part of the annual meeting. He noted that        out to plant and animal biologists, international
      John Rummel and Michael New (Astrobiology, NASA                  members, and a range of disciplines, including astrobi-
      Headquarters) are aware of the symposium and will be             ology. The committee will meet again to consider the
      invited. For the Radiation symposium, Francis                    potential candidates’ qualifications and prioritize the
      Cucinotta will provide an overview, followed by                  list. Paul Todd moved that the board approve the list,
      discussions of the three main risks in space radiation           and the motion carried.
      health: heavy-ion carcinogenesis, neurological and
      behavioral effects, and acute effects of solar proton            Reports of Standing Committees
      storms. The target date for having identified sympo-
      sium speakers is the end of April. Brown asked board             Education
      members to send names of suggested speakers for any              Chris Brown reported that Lindsey Tuominen, the new
      of the symposia to him, Souza, or Paul Todd.                     committee chair, is leading development of a session on
                                                                       careers and career development for the 2007 Annual
      2008 Annual Meeting                                              Meeting, with a panel of people at various stages in
      The 2008 joint meeting with the International Society            their careers and from various types of organizations.
      for Gravitational Physiology (ISGP) and the European             He requested that board members suggest possible
      Low Gravity Research Association, hosted by the                  panelists, who should be members already planning to
      European Space Agency, June 22–28 in Angers,                     attend the meeting (to avoid travel expenses for the
      France, has been announced in the newsletter. Paul               panel). Ken Souza noted that many local people would
      Todd, Jack van Loon, Chuck Fuller (representing                  be available from universities and industry. Gail
      ISGP), and others have been working on the program.              Bingham commented that the panel should reflect the
      Four morning plenary sessions are planned, one on                reality that many careers are devoted only partly to
      current concepts of gravitational physiology (organized          space-related research.
      by Peter Norsk, Chairman of the ISGP Council of                  Action: Chris Brown will e-mail Lindsey Tuominen
      Trustees), and three with specific themes. It is expected        and Thaddeus Fulford-Jones to help coordinate plan-
      that ASGSB will recommend the theme for at least one             ning of the career development session for the 2007
      of the symposia. Todd asked board members to send                Annual Meeting.
      him suggested topics by e-mail. One topic previously
      suggested is signaling pathways in plants and animals.
      Todd and Fuller will coordinate a request from ISGP              Finance
      and ASGSB to NASA for funding for students to attend
      the meeting. Requests for publication support also need          Dave Chapman reported that the Society came close to
      to be coordinated. Anna-Lisa Paul suggested including            breaking even on the 2006 Annual Meeting. He noted
      possible sources of student travel grants in the newslet-        that some suggestions for cost-cutting have already
      ter. Thaddeus Fulford-Jones noted that universities tend         been implemented, such as holding the spring board
      to have very limited funds for undergraduate student             meeting by teleconference and reducing annual meeting
      travel. Chris Brown will check on whether state Space            expenses, and stressed that such efforts need to be
      Grant programs will fund international travel.                   carried forward. Paul Todd suggested running a model
      Action: Paul Todd will work with Chuck Fuller to                 for the next four to five years to see what it would take
      coordinate requests to NASA for funding for the 2008             to maintain a financial steady state and taking up the
      meeting.                                                         issue of a dues increase at the fall board meeting. Gail
      Action: Chris Brown will check on the availability of            Bingham suggested that, given the research funding
      Space Grant funding for student travel to international          situation, the effect of a dues increase on the member-
      meetings.                                                        ship should be estimated.
                                                                       Action: Dave Chapman will study the Society’s
      Nominating Committee                                             projected finances for the next several years to deter-
      In addition to Chair Danny Riley, members of the                 mine whether a dues increase is called for, taking into
      Nominating Committee are Chris Brown, Marshall                   account the potential effect on membership retention.

14   Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007
   Actions Taken by the ASGSB Board at Spring 2007 Meetings (continued)

Public and Legislative Affairs                               travel. Chris Brown suggested having a Space Grant
                                                             booth at the annual meeting.
Richard Mains has held a teleconference with Vice
                                                             Action: Chris Brown will follow up with Sarah Wyatt,
Chair Jeff Alberts and Secretary Erika Wagner. They
                                                             Anna-Lisa Paul, and Thaddeus Fulford-Jones to create
have four project concepts to propose to the commit-
                                                             a plan and procedure for including brief student talks in
tee in a teleconference in the next several weeks.
                                                             the 2007 Annual Meeting.
These include proactively revisiting allies on Capitol
                                                             Action: Chris Brown will investigate having a Space
Hill to maintain relationships; updating a handout with
                                                             Grant booth at the 2007 Annual Meeting.
talking points for Hill visits; pulling together a
content-management team for the Exploration Life
                                                             The meeting was adjourned at 2:50 p.m. EDT.
and Medical Sciences Web site; and creating a Hill
visit strategy and implementation plan to ensure that
members going to the Hill have resources they can use        Wednesday, March 21
in ad hoc advocacy for ASGSB issues.
                                                             Board members present: Danny Riley (President-
Student Association                                          Elect), Paul Todd (Immediate Past President), David
Thaddeus Fulford-Jones reported on the November              Chapman (Secretary-Treasurer), Tom Scott (Executive
2006 Student Association meeting, which focused on           Director), Diana Jennings, David Klaus, Richard
Society operations from the student perspective.             Mains, Anna-Lisa Paul, Janet Powers, April Ronca,
Concern was expressed about how students should              Joseph Tash, Sarah Wyatt
approach the field as a career, given the funding            Board members absent: Kenneth Souza (President),
situation. The Association will continue to produce a        Gail Bingham, Simon Gilroy, J. Marshall Porterfield,
newsletter and to publicize opportunities and events of      Wenonah Vercoutere
interest to students, such as internships and meetings.      Others present: Christopher Brown (Past Past
Also discussed was the possibility of giving students        President), Thaddeus Fulford-Jones (Student Associa-
the opportunity to present papers at the annual              tion President), Stanley Roux (Publications Committee
meeting.                                                     Chair) (left the meeting at 1:21 p.m.), Susan Dakin
Anna-Lisa Paul suggested engaging graduate students          (Executive Secretary)
by choosing several abstracts submitted for the poster
sessions and offering the students the opportunity to        The meeting was called to order at 1:04 p.m. EDT by
give a 10-minute talk. Fulford-Jones said that students      Danny Riley.
would support this idea and asked whether this would
be possible for the 2007 meeting. Chris Brown raised
the issue of how the selection of abstracts for talks        Reports of Standing Committees
would affect the poster competition. Sarah Wyatt             Publications
noted the importance of considering logistics with
respect to the program booklet and not overburdening         Stan Roux reported on a discussion with Chuck Fuller
the people organizing the sessions. Ken Souza                (representing ISGP) concerning publications resulting
suggested adding one slot for a student in each              from the 2008 joint meeting. The Publications Com-
session, and noted that the sessions could run a bit         mittee recommends accepting the proposal that all
long on afternoons other than the day of the banquet.        symposium speakers be invited to submit five-page
Paul suggested that when students submit abstracts,          papers to the Journal of Gravitational Physiology, but
they be asked to check a box indicating interest in          that speakers invited by ASGSB be asked instead to
being considered for a talk. Brown suggested that the        submit full-length papers for publication in the 2009
abstracts be sent to the organizers of the relevant          issue of Gravitational and Space Biology. Two-page
sessions, who would choose one student per session           abstracts by members will be published only in the
for a brief talk.                                            Journal of Gravitational Physiology; these abstracts
Danny Riley suggested that Student Association               are screened for appropriateness and, if accepted,
members be encouraged to offer suggestions to their          published as is. To maintain the continuity of Gravita-
state Space Grant consortia on how funds could be
spent on students, such as for support of meeting                                            (continued on next page)

                           Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   15
          Actions Taken by the ASGSB Board at Spring 2007 Meetings (continued)

       tional and Space Biology, it will be essential that             clarified the timeline for the award; applications would
       invited speakers commit to submitting papers. Richard           need to be considered during July and a decision made
       Mains moved that the committee’s proposal be                    by the end of August. Because of the timeline and the
       accepted, and the motion carried.                               need to evaluate abstracts, it was agreed that the
       Roux reported that only 7 two-page abstracts were               recipient should be selected by a separate subcommit-
       submitted for this year’s Gravitational and Space               tee. Dave Chapman noted that corporate funding for the
       Biology, down from about 18 in each of the past two             award should be sought.
       years. It was suggested that members be sent multiple           Wyatt moved that the award guidelines be accepted as
       e-mail reminders and that a reminder be posted on the           written but with requirements (1) for a nomination and
       Web site.                                                       (2) that the student make the presentation at the
       Janet Powers reported that she and Roux have                    meeting in the year of the award. Anna-Lisa Paul
       initiated the process of applying to have Gravitational         proposed amending the motion to provide for adding a
       and Space Biology indexed by the National Library of            timeline to the guidelines. The amended motion
       Medicine (NLM). There is no cost for this service; all          carried.
       the NLM requires is a free subscription. Roux will ask
       Mary Musgrave to help complete the application.
       Action: Stan Roux will ensure that members receive              Old Business
       multiple reminders of the deadline for submission of
                                                                       Web-Site Update Procedure
       extended abstracts for Gravitational and Space
       Biology.                                                        Susan Dakin requested an electronic copy of the
       Action: Stan Roux and Janet Powers will move                    proposed Web-site update procedure, so that she could
       forward with an application to have Gravitational and           make the previously agreed-upon changes and produce
       Space Biology indexed by the NLM and will involve               a final document.
       Mary Musgrave in completing the application.                    Action: Richard Mains will send Susan Dakin the draft
                                                                       Web-site update procedure, and she will revise it to
       Strategic Planning                                              reflect the agreed-upon policy.

       Dave Klaus reported that the final version of the               Creation of a Standing Communications Committee
       Strategic Plan was distributed to the committee
       members at the Annual Meeting. The changing NASA                Richard Mains presented a concept for a standing
       funding situation and uncertainties about the Society’s         Communications Committee, which would consider all
       future have made it difficult to proceed with strategic         three of the Society’s main avenues of internal and
       planning. He suggested that the committee structure             external communication: publications, Web-site
       be formalized at the 2007 Annual Meeting, and that              content, and e-mail, and work on optimizing the
       the committee then begin to work with the board on              Society’s use of on-line communications. He noted that
       implementation. He will be rotating off the board in            the job of archiving information, keeping it current, and
       November but has volunteered to continue as the                 making it available or distributing it is beyond what can
       committee chair and will organize the committee at              be handled by the Society’s management infrastructure
       the 2007 Annual Meeting.                                        and a volunteer Webmaster. He suggested creating a
                                                                       standing Communications Committee with a formal
       Awards                                                          committee structure and projects. The committee would
       Sarah Wyatt asked for comments on the revised                   include members representing the Society’s current
       guidelines for the Tom K. Scott Award. The consen-              major types of communications and would be respon-
       sus was that a student should be nominated by a                 sible for capturing, developing, and reviewing informa-
       faculty member, who will provide a letter of recom-             tion and prioritizing and coordinating updates for
       mendation to be included with the submitted abstract.           internal and external communications.
       It also was agreed that the recipient’s oral presentation       Mains agreed to serve as acting Chair to lead develop-
       should be made in the year of the award. Janet Powers           ment of a plan with detail on the committee’s func-
       noted that to implement the award in 2007, it will              tions, essential members, desired member qualifica-
       need to be announced in the June newsletter. Wyatt              tions, and operations. Dave Klaus volunteered to serve

16   Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007
    Actions Taken by the ASGSB Board at Spring 2007 Meetings (continued)

as Vice Chair. Paul Todd moved that the report on               would be sent several reminders and would be
the Communications Committee concept be ac-                     directed to the candidates’ statements on the Web site.
cepted, that Mains be authorized, with assistance of            Voting by mail would mean that the 2008 election
his choice, to present an implementation plan and to            would not need to be held in June at the meeting in
identify a committee chair, vice chair, and secretary,          France. In order to implement voting by mail in 2007,
and to report to the board by e-mail before the next            the board would need to amend the constitution..
board meeting. April Ronca and Diana Jennings                   Danny Riley moved that Scott and Dakin draft a
volunteered to serve on the committee, and Janet                proposed amendment of the voting procedures, to be
Powers volunteered to serve as Secretary. The motion            circulated to the board for comment and voted on in
carried.                                                        time to be implemented for the 2007 election. The
Action: Richard Mains will initiate development of              motion carried.
an implementation plan for a standing Communica-
                                                                Action: Tom Scott and Susie Dakin will draft a
tions Committee, assisted by Dave Klaus, April
                                                                Constitutional amendment to replace the Society’s
Ronca, Diana Jennings, and Janet Powers and will
                                                                current voting procedures with procedures for voting
report to the board by e-mail before the next board
                                                                by mail or e-mail and will circulate the proposed
                                                                amendment to the board for comment, along with a
                                                                more detailed description of the proposed voting
Manual for Board Members. Paul Todd is still
collecting literature for inclusion in the manual and
expects that it will be ready for distribution at the fall
2007 board meeting.
                                                                New Business
                                                                American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Materials for Recruiting Corporate Members.                     (AIAA) Hill Visit
Paul Todd reported he expects materials to be
                                                                Chris Brown reported ASGSB will send a team of
distributed to board members in time for recruitment
                                                                about nine members, including himself, Danny Riley,
efforts in April and May. He asked that board
                                                                and Paul Todd, to participate in the AIAA Congres-
members in a position to approach a particular
                                                                sional Visits Day, on April 18. The focus will be on
company notify either him or Tom Scott. Scott is
                                                                visits with committee staff. The message developed
maintaining a spreadsheet with a list of corporate
                                                                by the AIAA Life Sciences and Systems Technical
membership prospects, which will be distributed to
                                                                Committee is similar to ASGSB’s recent messages.
board members with the recruiting materials. Dave
                                                                Riley, Todd, and Brown will represent ASGSB as
Chapman noted that the lists of corporate sponsors on
                                                                well as AIAA in the meetings. Cindy Martin-Brennan
the Web site and in the newsletter have not been
                                                                is on the Technical Committee and is helping prepare
updated; he will provide updated information. Board
                                                                the meeting schedule. The delegation will provide a
members suggested several prospect companies.
                                                                write-up for the ASGSB newsletter and will share the
                                                                meeting materials with the Legislative and Public
Voting Procedures. Tom Scott and Susie Dakin have
                                                                Affairs Committee, and Brown will use them in
discussed the logistics of conducting the election by
                                                                creating a new “one-pager” for posting on the Web
mail or e-mail, to enable all dues-paying members to
vote (even if they do not attend the Annual Meeting)
and to eliminate the requirement that ballots be
                                                                The board agreed that the teleconference format for
signed. Dakin described a proposed voting procedure
                                                                the board meeting was very efficient.
whereby each member who had paid dues by a
predetermined cutoff date would receive by mail or e-
                                                                The meeting was adjourned at 3:00 p.m. EDT.
mail a ballot with a unique code, to be returned by a
deadline shortly before the Annual Meeting. The
                                                                Respectfully submitted,
ballots would be counted before the meeting, and the
                                                                Susan Dakin
results would be announced at the banquet. Members
                                                                Executive Secretary

                            Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   17
                                            News and Opportunities

            NASA Selects Four New Members                                  The Montana State University team is headed by John
               of Astrobiology Institute                              Peters. Its focus is on the origin of life, investigating the role of
                                                                      iron-sulfide compounds in the transition from the non-living to
      NASA awarded in May five-year grants to four research           the living world. This work will support the mission of NASA in
 teams that will become new members of the NASA Astrobiol-            the area of prebiotic chemistry and the development of signa-
 ogy Institute (NAI).                                                 tures for terrestrial and extraterrestrial life.
      The new multidisciplinary teams are led by the University            Roger Summons leads the MIT team, which will investigate
 of Wisconsin, Madison; the California Institute of Technology,       requirements for the development of multicellular life in Earth’s
 Pasadena; Montana State University, Bozeman; and the                 ancient past. They will concentrate on organic biosignatures
 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge. The five-          preserved in the rock record and the state of the Earth’s early
 year average grant size is approximately $7 million per team.        atmosphere, and will investigate the critical genetic pathways
      “These teams have proposed exciting research that is            that constrained and supported early life while multicellularity
 complementary to work being done by other NAI members,”              developed.
 said NAI Director Carl Pilcher, NASA Ames Research Center.                “Each of these teams brings something important to
 “The selection of these teams forms an excellent foundation for      NASA’s overall portfolio in astrobiology, and to the future
 entering the institute’s second decade.”                             success of missions in planetary science, astronomy and Earth
      The University of Wisconsin team, headed by Clark               science,” said Colleen Hartman, deputy associate administrator
 Johnson, proposes to study organic and mineralogical signa-          for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, NASA Headquarters,
 tures and environments of life on Earth and other planets. This      Washington.
 team’s work focuses on technologies for the detection of                  The addition of these new teams brings the membership of
 microbial life from its subtle effects on rock chemistry. These      the NASA Astrobiology Institute to 16, selected with staggered
 technologies will examine ancient rocks on Earth, paving the         5-year terms. The astrobiology teams are widely distributed
 way for eventual instruments to search for signatures of life on     throughout nearly 150 universities and other research institu-
 Mars.                                                                tions, including numerous international affiliates.
      The California Institute of Technology team, led by                  More than 500 research scientists work in these teams, and
 Victoria Meadows, will extend research done within the NAI           there is a strong focus on public education and the training of the
 from 2001 to 2006. This team has developed a Virtual Plan-           next generation of astrobiologists. The basic research carried out
 etary Laboratory to explore the habitability and biosignatures of    in the institute directly supports many NASA missions, such as
 extrasolar, Earth-like planets. These scientists use computer        exploration of Mars and the search for planets around other
 models of planets with different sizes, temperatures and             stars, including investigations of the habitability of other worlds.
 atmospheres to investigate how the presence of life on such               For more information about the NASA Astrobiology
 planets could be detected telescopically.                            Institute, visit:

           Athletic Training Internship at KSC                          Fall 2007 University Art Contest: Life and Work
                                                                                         on the Moon
          Applications are currently being accepted for athletic
     training internships at Kennedy Space Center. Junior- or              NASA invites college students to submit artwork to the
     senior-level undergraduates enrolled in an athletic              University Lunar Art Contest for the fall of 2007. The contest
     training program may apply. Interns will work for the            theme is “Life and Work on the Moon.” Students from
     center’s RehabWorks Program. RehabWorks is a free,               industrial design, architecture, computer design, and the fine
     on-site, musculoskeletal rehabilitation service for              arts are encouraged to participate.
     employees suffering from both work- and non-work-                     Entries will be accepted in three categories: two-dimen-
     related injuries. The internship will last one semester—         sional, three-dimensional, and digital. All entries will be
     approximately 14 to 16 weeks—and will involve selected           judged not only on creativity and originality, but also on
     students in all activities of the program.                       whether they depict a realistic scenario for the harsh lunar
          The internship is part of the Kennedy Space Center          environment. The contest gives students and faculty an
     Volunteer Services Program. Although the opportunity is          opportunity to form interdisciplinary teams to collaborate with
     not a paid internship, participants will gain valuable           science and engineering departments to produce the most
     experience in a corporate and industrial work setting.           well-informed art work possible.
          Two internship positions are offered each fall,                  The contest opens in August of 2007, and all entries are
     spring, and summer semester. Applications are due June           due by December 1, 2007. Cash prizes, certificates of
     29, 2007, for the fall 2007 semester internships. For more       achievement, and exhibit opportunities are planned. For more
     information, visit:        information and entry requirements, visit: http://

18    Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007
                                News and Opportunities

                    NASA Awards Highest Medal to NSBRI Team Lead

     NASA awarded Professor David F. Dinges the Distinguished Public Service Medal “for outstanding
contributions to improving the health, safety, and performance of human space flight in the behavioral
health and performance area.” The presentation was made May 10 at NASA Headquarters in Washington,
     A NASA website describes the medal “as the highest honor NASA awards to a non-government
individual, and that is granted only to someone whose distinguished accomplishments contributed
substantially to the NASA mission, and that the contribution must be so extraordinary that other forms of
recognition would be inadequate.”
     Dinges is professor and director of the Unit for Experimental Psychiatry, and chief of the Division of
Sleep and Chronobiology in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania School of
Medicine. He currently serves as team leader for the Neurobehavioral and Psychosocial Factors Team of
the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI).
     An expert in the biological limits of human performance relative to sleep and circadian biology, his
scientific work for NSBRI and NASA has focused on identifying technologies that improve performance
in operational settings and on identifying and preventing neurobehavioral problems in space. He is
currently directing an experiment supported by NSBRI involving aquanauts and astronauts participating in
the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) 12 project in an underwater research
laboratory off the Florida coast.
     Internationally renowned, Dinges is a corresponding member of the International Academy of
Astronautics and a member of the National Institutes of Health Council. He currently serves as president
of the World Federation of Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine Societies, and he was the 2004 recipient
of the first Decade of Behavior Research Award from the American Psychological Association. He is
currently editor-in-chief of SLEEP, the leading scientific journal on sleep research and sleep medicine.
     Release also available at:

             Register for NASA’s NSPIRES Proposal Submission System

      The NASA Human Research Program (HRP) announced at the February 2007 Human Research
 Program Investigator’s Workshop that the HRP is planning on issuing two annual research solicita-
 tions per year. One solicitation will be an annual joint NASA/NSBRI research announcement planned
 for release in July of each year, while the second research solicitation will focus on space radiation
 research areas and is planned for release in January of each year.
      You are encouraged to check the NASA Research Opportunities Web Site (NSPIRES) at (http:// and the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) website (http:// Announcements/index.html ) for upcoming NASA and NSBRI research solicitation
 release information. Early registration in NSPIRES is recommended so that you can be notified of just
 released NASA Research Announcements and NSBRI Request for Applications (RFAs) in your areas
 of interest. In addition, registration will streamline the proposal preparation process.
      Please note that all individuals named on the proposal’s cover page and the organization that
 intends to submit a proposal must all be registered in NSPIRES before a proposal can be prepared and
 submitted through the NSPIRES system.

 Carl Guastaferro
 NASA Research & Education Support Services

                     Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology   23 (2)   Spring 2007   19
                                               Life Sciences Calendar

     June 14-16, 2007           Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society 2007 Annual Scientific Meeting, Kapalua, Maui, HI.
                                Further information:

     July 8-12, 2007            13th International Congress of Radiation Research, San Francisco, CA.
                                Further information:

     July 9-12, 2007            37th International Conference on Environmental Systems (ICES), Chicago, IL.
                                Further information:

     July 7-11, 2007            Plant Biology & Botany 2007 Joint Congress, Chicago, IL.
                                Further information:

     September 4-7, 2007        ELGRA (European Low Gravity Research Association) Biennial Meeting and General
                                Assembly, Florence, Italy. Further information:

     September 16-20, 2007      55th International Congress of Aviation and Space Medicine, Vienna, Austria.
                                Further information:

     September 24-28, 2007      58th International Astronautical Congress, Hyderabad, India.
                                Further information:

     October 1-5, 2007          51st Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Baltimore, MD.
                                Further information:

     October 25-28, 2007        23rd ASGSB Annual Meeting, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA.
                                Further information:

     October 29-31, 2007         45th Annual SAFE Symposium, Reno, NV.
                                 Further information:

     November 3-7, 2007          Neuroscience 2007, San Diego, CA. Further information:

     November 28-                 National Association of Biology Teachers 2007 Annual Conference, Atlanta, GA.
     December 1, 2007             Further information:

                                                       About the ASGSB

       The American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology (ASGSB), founded in 1984, provides a forum to
        foster research, education and professional development in the multidisciplinary fields of gravitational and
       space biology. ASGSB brings together a diverse group of scientists and engineers to encourage an exchange
         of ideas bridging basic and applied biological research in space and gravitational sciences. The members
        represent academia, government, and industry interests bonded by a common issue - how living organisms
       respond to gravity and the many related broad-reaching questions regarding biological presence in extrater-
       restrial environments. The society’s mission also includes education and outreach. The Vision of ASGSB is
       to advance biological research in, of, and for space by bringing together professional communities spanning
       gravitational and radiation biology, bioastronautics and astrobiology, and mentoring the future scientific and
                                             engineering leaders in these fields.
        Membership information may be found and applications completed online at; or
            obtained from ASGSB, P.O. Box 2581, Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2581 or e-mail:

20   Newsletter of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology 23 (2)   Spring 2007

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