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					Development of Trade Union
Policies and Strategies for
OSH/E and HIV/AIDS
             Hiro Ishibashi
             Specialist on Worker’s Activities
             ILO SRO Manila

             ACTRAV-Turin Course A3-00605
             July 19, 2006: ITCILO
 Outline
1. Quick overview of the
   ILO/ACTRAV in Asia and the
   Pacific Region;
2. International and Regional
   Commitments to Decent Work:
   Opportunity for Trade Unions
3. Decent Work Country Program and
   Priority Outcomes
4. Developing your own strategy
1. Quick Overview of the
   ILO/ACTRAV in Asia
   and the Pacific Region
    What does the ILO do?
Adopts and supervises international labour
standards
Provides technical assistance
(to help states adopt/implement ILSs)


Promote development of independent
employers’ and workers’ organization
Fosters social dialogue on labour and
employment issues among constituencies
                  Key Points
ILO is not an organization for workers.

ILO is not a police.

It is you who can influence ILO, not us.

It is you who initiate an action, not us.

ILO is not a funding org, but an advocacy org.
   ILO Regional Structure for AP
              ILO Regional Office for Asia and
              the Pacific Region (Bangkok)

Subregional          Subregional      Subregional Office
Office for East      Office for       for Southeast Asia
Asia                 South Asia       and the Pacific
(Bangkok)            (New Delhi)      (Manila)
  Mongolia              India             Philippines
  China (+HK&M)         Bangladesh        Indonesia
  Thailand              Nepal             Timor Leste
  Vietnam               Pakistan          Fiji
  Cambodia              Sri Lanka         Papua New Guinea
  Laos                  Afghanistan       Samoa
  Malaysia              Bhutan            Solomon Island
  Burma                 Iran              Kiribati
  (Myanmar)                               Vanuatu
  S. Korea                                Australia
  Singapore                               New Zealand
         Subregional Structure
                                           Technical Specialists:
                                           • Int’l Labour Standards
                                           • Employment
                                           • Social Security
                                           • Industrial Relations
                                           • Employers’
                                         Subregional Activities
                                                         Office
                                           • Workers’ Activities
                                 for Southeast Asia
Area Office          Area Office and the Pacific
                                       Philippines
                                 (Manila)
in Jakarta           in Suva
Indonesia             Fiji                      Australia
Timor Leste           Papua New Guinea          New Zealand
                      Samoa
                      Solomon Island
                      Kiribati
                      Vanuatu

                       Constituencies
      (Governments, Employers’ and Workers’ Organizations)
        ACTRAV Structure for A/P
                        ILO Head Office in Geneva
                              Bro. Raghwan
                       Desk Office for Asia/Pacific
                            raghwan@ilo.org


ILO SRO Bangkok           ILO SRO New Delhi           ILO SRO Manila
Sis. Elsa Ramos           Bro. Ahn Pong-Sul           Bro. Hiro Ishibashi
Senior Specialist on      Senior Specialist on        Senior Specialist on
Workers’ Activities       Workers’ Activities         Workers’ Activities
ramose@ilo.org            ahn@ilo.org                 ishibashi@ilo.org

        ILO RO Bangkok                 ILO Turin Center
        Sis. Christine Nathan          Bro. Arun Kumar
        Regional Specialist for        Programme Officer for
        Workers’ Education             Asia and the Pacific
        nathan@ilo.org                 kumar@itcilo.org
2. The International and
   Regional Commitments
   to
   Decent Work
   Realization of Decent Work
  Fundamental principles and rights at work
1
  and labour standards

  Better opportunities for women and men to
2
  secure decent employment and income

3 Social protection for all
  (social securities, OSH/E, HIV/AIDS)

  Strengthening social dialogue
4
  (national, regional and global levels)
 Decent Work is a Global Goal

“To make the goals of full and
productive employment and decent
work for all a central objective of
national and international
macroeconomic policies as well as
poverty reduction strategies”
  Para. 47 : 2005 UN Summit Outcome Document
  ILO Conventions on OSH
General Provisions:
Occupational Safety and Health Convention (No. 155)
Occupational Health Services Convention (No. 161)

Protection against specific risks:
Radiation Protection Convention (No. 115)
Occupational Cancer Convention (No. 139)
Working Environment (Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration)
Convention (No. 148)
Asbestos Convention (No. 162)
Chemicals Convention (No. 170)
Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents Convention (No. 174)

Protection in specific branches of activity:
Hygiene (Commerce and Offices) Convention (No. 120)
Safety and Health in Construction Convention (No. 167)
Safety and Health in Mines Convention (No. 176)
Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention (No. 184)
                          Ratification Status
              C. 155   C. 161   C. 115   C. 139   C. 148   C. 162   C. 170   C. 74   C. 120   C. 167   C. 176   C. 184
Bangladesh
Cambodia
China                                                                                           X
China-HK
Fiji
India                             X
Indonesia                                                                              X
Korea, Rep.                                                           X
Lao
Malaysia
Mongolia        X
Nepal
Pakistan
Philippines                                                                                              X
Sri Lanka                         X
Thailand
Viet Nam        X                                                                      X
    Decent Work must be
     an Asian Goal too!

“Realizing Decent Work in Asia”


The main theme of the 14th Asian
  Regional Meeting of the ILO
 (Busan, 29 Aug. - 1 Sept. 2006)
To Make D.W. a Reality in A/P

          Five Key Areas of Work
1   Productivity, Growth & Competitiveness

2   Youth Employment

3   Management of labour migration

4   Good governance

5   Social protection for all
1. Productivity, Growth &
     Competitiveness
KEY QUESTIONS:
    How to promote productivity growth and
     competitiveness without sacrificing jobs (and vice versa);
    How to ensure fairer distribution of the productivity
     gains among the social partners.

KEY ACTIONS:
    Focused investment in dynamic growing sectors (e.g.
     service sector) and in the sectors where labour is
     dominant (e.g. agriculture);
    Creating the enabling environment for enterprise
     development in the formal economy
    Enhancing trainability and employability of workers
      2. Youth Employment
KEY QUESTIONS:
    How to ensure smooth and successful transition from
     school to decent employment with decent income;
    How to provide appropriate and sufficient social
     protection at key stages in life-cycle by adopting a “life-
     cycle perspective”.

KEY ACTIONS:
    Reforming education and training systems for young
     people in a way to reduce skill mismatches and increase
     employability;
    Increasing labour demand for young people; and
    Promoting entrepreneurship for young people.
            3. Management of
            Labour Migration
KEY QUESTIONS:
     How to ensure a “win-win-win” situation among sending
      countries, receiving countries and migrant workers.

KEY ACTIONS:
     Develop a non-binding, rights-based “regional
      framework” with:
           Realistic long-term assessment system of labour supply and
            demand in different countries;
           A system of mutual recognition of skills qualifications and
            competency standards.
     Ratify Convention 97 and 143
4. Labour Market Governance

KEY QUESTIONS:
     How to realize “Decent Work” in the context of global
      production systems, competition and changing patterns
      of employment relations; and
     How to achieve an ideal balance between security,
      stability and flexibility.

KEY ACTIONS:
     Reform labour laws (in conformity with ILSs) and labour
      market governance institutions with full involvement of
      social partners;
     Reform labour administration and expand coverage to
      the most vulnerable workers
  5. Social Protection for All

KEY QUESTIONS:
     How to extend the social protection coverage to the
      uncovered workers, especially in the informal economy,
      rural agriculture and migration.

KEY ACTIONS:
     Extend the coverage of national schemes to the informal
      economy supplemented by voluntary community-based
      and micro insurance schemes and other mechanisms;
     Strengthen national capacity to ensure sound financial
      management, good governance and adequate
      institutional approach; and
     Design and test new approaches and tools to reduce
      poverty based on “comprehensive responses”
Tripartism is the KEY
   for our Success
 Realizing Decent Work in Asia
Poverty reduction through a rights based approach
to development
Institutionalize real tripartism and partnerships with
development actors
Facilitate C.B. to address productivity, job growth,
job protection
Stronger employers’ and workers’ organizations
No freedom of association, no decent work


          The main targets of the ILO’s
        Decent Work Country Programmes
3. Decent Work Country
   Program and Priority
   Outcomes:
  How the ILO works at a national
  level
        What is DWCP?

 Framework    for delivery of ILO
  services to our constituencies;
 “Results-Based Management”;
 Dialogue about “priorities” at the
  national level;
 Opportunity for constituencies to
  influence how the ILO works.
     How does DWCP work?

Member states (through tripartite
consultations) set specific “Decent Work
Objectives/Priorities” (just 2-3 priorities) to
be achieved in 2006-2007



  ILO supports the member states to
   achieve the objectives/priorities
Country’s Own Objectives and ILO’s
            Objectives


       Country’s Own           DWCP
         Objectives


                  ILO’s Objectives
         Possible Problem

OSH and/or HIV/AIDS are not listed
as priority issue in the DWCP for your
country


If OSH & HIV/AIDS are really a top
priority for workers and for trade unions,
you need to make sure that they are
included in DWCP.
4. Developing your own
   strategy
   What do you need (want)
   to accomplish ultimately?

 Eradication of occupational
 injuries, death and diseases


   How can you achieve the
    target? What to do???
What are the Necessary Condition
        for your Success?

Strong national political will, commitment,
policy and budget allocation
Sufficient legal protection covering all types
of workers
Existence of free, democratic,
representative and competent trade unions
Awareness of all citizens on OSH &
HIV/AIDS issues and their participation
    Strong Political Will, Commitment,
            Policy and Budget
   Strength:
     National tripartite OSH committee;
     Public OSH Center/Institution;

     OSH could always be an entry point for
      bipartite/tripartite social dialogue.
   Weakness
     Capacity of trade unions on OSH
     Lack of specialized OSH officers available
      at all levels
               Legal Protection

   Strength
     ILO Standards (Conventions and
      Recommendations) on OSH;
     Other international instruments promoting
      OSH.
   Weakness
     Weak national legislation;
     Low ratification of ILO Conventions;
     Unions have little knowledge on int’l guidelines
      (?)
     Existence of Trade Unions with
              Competency
   Strength:
     Corelationship between the presence of unions
      and high OSH standards;
     Unions can be a good partner for managers.

   Weakness
     FOA is weak in Asia/Pacific, hence unions are
      weak;
     Union leaders are often weak in understanding
      and technical OSH issues.
    Public/Mass Awareness on OSH

   Strength:
     OSH issues are relatively easy to attract people’s
      attention;
     Media can support OSH initiatives.

   Weakness
     Difficulty in reaching the workers & families in
      the socially excluded areas/groups;
     Using media is often expensive.
Your Workplan
          The Key Points
 Analysis  of the current OSH and/or
  HIV/AIDS situations;
 Clear long- & short-term objectives
  and outcomes to be achieved
  (specific changes);
 Strategies to achieve the target;

 Realistic budget.
Good Luck!

				
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