Kerala IT School Project - By M. - CIPS by zhouwenjuan


									                               Innovations in ICT education

                                    The Kerala experience

                                      ‘IT@School Project’

                                                              presented by

                                                         M.Sivasankar IAS
                                                    Department of General Education
                                                         Government of Kerala
Dept of General Education
      Govt of Kerala
                            Scenario before year 2000

 No structured form          of    Computer      education
  in school syllabus
 Govt’s     initiatives such    as    CLASS   project
(Computer Literacy and Studies in Schools)     mainly
looked at the hardware                procurement part
 Less than 500 computers in 2000-01.
Computer      education      in    schools      done   by
 private agencies collecting fees
 Instructors from private agencies in schools
 No active participation of Teachers
 No specific content for Computer Education
                            Scenario before year 2000

 Baseline study conducted by the Govt-               appointed
Task Force to define the scope of ICT in School Education
 It suggested that mere deployment of hardware in     schools
would not do any good, but Information       Technology as part
of the School Syllabus was the  need of the hour.
 It was decided to implement an ICT enabled
educational system in a phased manner by                holistically
integrating the four pillars of ICT ie           Capacity Building,
Infrastructure deployment,             Content Development and E-
 Accordingly     introduced    Information       Technology     as
  part of the State Curriculum.
            From Computer as a subject to ICT as an enabler
IT introduced as an optional subject for Std 8 in year 2002 on a
pilot mode
IT made a compulsory subject in Std 8 the next year.
By 2004, IT made compulsory in Std 9 & 10.
A Bottom – up approach creating demand among students and
teachers through IT awareness campaigns
 Information Technology has been introduced in Upper Primary
classes from the year 2009-10 onwards.
Today there is a practical and theory examination of IT for High
School students
IT has become the favorite subject; high percentage of students
score in IT,
Active participation of teachers, students and academicians in
shaping a ICT enabled learning mechanism.
       ICT empowerment of Teachers Vs Importing of Specialists
 Initially external resources were engaged for trainings, but this
proved ineffective as there was lack of ownership and participation
of teachers.
The ‘Importing’ of specialists in the form of external instructors
in schools created a negative impact among the teaching populace.
Govt formulated key strategy to empower the existing subject
teachers themselves as Trainers.
School teachers were selected as Master Trainers and attached
to IT@School Project where they were trained in IT & ICT and they
in turn trained their colleagues.
The strategy of ‘Teachers within’ proved very effective over the
years and still the same model is been followed.
 Demand and financial resource mobilization at the local level and
                incentivisation of this process
 Demand for hardware created by empowering the school
teachers and by conducting campaigns . Selected teachers were
trained in IT and ICT.
The Project initially mobilized the required hardware for
schools through funds available with LSG institutions, local area
development funds of the MPs & MLAs and PTA.
BOOT model which was introduced in hardware deployment
to schools was withdrawn due to ineffectiveness.
 Careful incentivization; ACA claimed.
Centrally sponsored ‘ICT in School Scheme’ was introduced in
year 2007, with 75:25 Pattern.
 ICT in School scheme being implemented in the State since
then with a total budget of Rs.54.28 Crores each year.
                         Proprietary Vs Free Software

 Proprietary software used in schools during the initial
phase;Cost considerations on wide roll out.
Restrictions in proprietary software to share content a major
limitation in effective ICT sharing process.
Understanding the need as well as benefits of Free Software,the
entire activities of the Project was shifted to Free Software
platform by 2005.
Free and Open Source Software enabled unrestricted sharing,
copying and modifying of educational contents at schools.
The project developed its own Operating System- IT@School
GNU/Linux/Ubuntu being used in all schools in the State. The first
version developed in 2005.
Today the entire ICT content,academic         and e-governance
applications of the Project uses FOSS.
Annual savings Rs. 11 Crores.
IT@School Edubuntu Operating System
              Broad supply framework parallel to DGS&D
 A systematic and transparent procurement process was
introduced for supply of ICT hardware to schools, which
included an online requirement form for schools.
KELTRON, identified as the Service Provider for hardware
procurement; procurement process through nation-wide
Hardware at rates lower than DGS&D
In 2007, Government issued orders detailing specific
guidelines to be followed for procurement of computers to
schools using MP/MLA/LSG funds.
Each of the equipments was backed with 3-year warranty,
service and after sales support.
Schools provided with most-modern equipments with onsite
support for 3 years. Equipments include Laptop, Desktops,
Netbooks, Printers, Generators etc
 Comprehensive intervention for hardware deployment & support

The ICT hardware supplied to schools provided with
Insurance Coverage in case of theft of permanent damage.
‘Hardware Clinic’ programme        launched for the
 maintenance, repair and upgrading of damaged or low
configuration computers in schools.
Teachers and students trained in Hardware issues during
Hardware Clinics, which boosted their confidence to handle the
technical problems found in school ICT hardware
Use of a toll-free number, call center and web portal to
register complaints help the schools in case of major hardware
Unique programme for funding the electrification of
Classrooms in government schools. Over 20,000 classrooms
electrified, enabling the teachers to bring in laptops,projectors,
and even wireless Internet into classrooms.
               Outsourced content v/s Indigenous Content
The initial period saw tie-ups with private players like INTEL
for ICT content.
Most of the content which was available in the market did
not match with the curriculum’s requirement; Demand for
Indigenous Content development process.
With the shift to Free Software, most of the ICT enabled
content is prepared by the teachers, who understand the
importance of what needs to be taught, when compared to
external resources.
Project customized several FOSS applications to fit in the
required formats as demanded by the School Curriculum.
Several FOSS based educational applications were
customized. For eg: Dr. Geo and Geogebra for Mathematics,
Rasmol, Chemtool and Kalzium for Chemistry, K-tech lab for
Physics, Marble, KStars, XrMaps for Geography etc
                Outsourced content v/s Indigenous Content
Developed interactive multimedia CDs,handbooks and
training modules for ICT as well as Text books for IT in standards
5 to 10.
Resource DVD developed for teachers - the first of its kind in
the country.
All content developed by the Project is as per the new
curriculum approach based on the National Curriculum
Framework 2005.
Rolled out key initiatives such as School Wiki- a
comprehensive knowledge database of all schools in the state,
prepared exclusively in Malayalam
Project has also associated with Intel's 'Skoool' for
collaborative      content development    programmes
Exclusive Resource Portal           for Std X students Contents in the portal developed
completely by school teachers.
                Leveraging Satellite and Broadband services
Kerala has set a model for implementing a Satellite based
educational system utilizing EDUSAT.
IT@School Project is the nodal agency for EDUSAT operations in
the State. Studio complex & 14 EDUSAT Training centers established
Interactive classroom sessions, facilitated by Receive Only
Terminals (ROTs) in schools enables expert – student interaction.
IT@School ViCTERS (Virtual Classroom Technology on Edusat for
Rural Schools) educational channel in the State for Students,
Teachers and Parents launched in 2006.
VICTERS being telecast for 17 hours with the right mix of
entertainment and knowledge/information to children, which
include various in-house as well as international programmes.
BBC, Deutsche Welle, NFDC, UGC, Vigyan Prasar, Science and
Technology Council, SIET & C-DIT .
              Leveraging Satellite and Broadband services

All schools have been equipped with Broadband
connectivity BSNL; detailed usage norms issued to ensure
safe and secure browsing.
Project successfully implemented this scheme in 2008
itself, two years ahead of the planned period.
Broadband connectivity being upgraded to VPN
Connectivity this year, which would provide secure   high
speed internet connectivity and unlimited data sharing
between schools without the need to avail normal internet
Electronic governance system to ensure efficiency, transparency and

Several E-Governance initiatives implemented to ensure
systematic, stabilized & automated processes.
Online transfer and posting of teachers, Noon meal
distribution computerization, Text Book Intent System, Total
Physical Fitness Programme, School Sports Automation
software etc are some of the major E-governance initiatives.
The School Sasthrolsavam has recently been fully
SAMPOORNA – the comprehensive database of students &
teachers of all schools in the State is being implemented in a
meticulous manner. Each student is provided with a Unique
Identification Number & the application is being
integrated to diverse processes such as Sports & Games
                              Ensures Digital Inclusion
Digital Inclusion ensures differentially abled individuals getting equal access to ICT
skills and make beneficial use of technology for the betterment of their lives.
In line with the Digital Inclusion concept, the Project has trained all the Visually
challenged teachers in the State in ICT skills.
FOSS based applications like ORCA & Gcompris are being used for training for
Visually challenged teachers as well as students with differential capabilities.
GCompris is packed with activities infusing reading, numericals, colours etc along
with different games to help students with hearing impaired, visually challenged,
orthopedically handicapped etc.
Special modules being developed for IDEC and Hearing impaired students. Parental
awareness programmes on ICT was also conducted statewide.
The Project would extend these resources to MHRD so that similar students of
other States are also benefitted.
                Sector specific ICT intervention for Students

Specific ICT trainings provided to Students in areas such as
Animation, Hardware, Networking, Website designing etc
Project has trained 14,404 students in Animation Movie
Making skills ( ANTS- Animation Training for Students)- largest
of its kind in the World.
Customised trainings for Student School IT CO-ordinators
and IT Club members to support all ICT initiatives in their
Specific Hardware and Networking trainings being provided
to students
Sub-district, district and state level IT Mela for students
being conducted and specific IT Awards to schools been given
each year.
                          Studies on IT@School Project

Impact Studies on IT@School Project were conducted by T.A.Pai Management
Institute (TAPMI) Manipal IT for Change, Bangalore in 2010. Both studies revealed that
the Project is on the right path for establishing a complete ICT enabled learning

          Extract from the report of TAPMI, Manipal

 “The first phase of IT@School is a great success. The creation
 of basic infrastructure in all schools, Training subject teachers
 to double up as IT teachers, introducing IT as a compulsory
 subject in all schools as part of the curricula, conducting
 State-wide examination to assess the knowledge by making IT
 as one of the subjects in the SSLC examination etc. are
 indicators of this success.”
                 Studies on IT@School Project (Contd…)

    Extract from the report of IT for Change, Bangalore

“The Kerala model has some important learnings for
governments seeking to implement computer education in
schools. Some of these are: integration of computer education
into the regular system of school education, decentralization
of teacher training as well as hardware/software support, and
finally the free availability of educational software in local
languages, all of which have significant impact on the
processes and outcomes of computer learning and computer
aided learning in schools. Incorporating some of these
principles and features and replacing the dominant BOOT
model with an integrated approach to 'ICTs in education' may
be essential for such programmes to be meaningful and
                     Brief summary of IT@School Project

 Setup in year 2000; Changed the entire facet of school educational system with the
use of ICT.
 Vision Document submitted by Task Force headed by Prof.U.R.Rao
 World's largest simultaneous deployment of FOSS in Education
 Established State Project Office and 14 District Offices / Edusat Training centers; 160
Master Trainers, 5600 School IT Co-ordinators and 28,000 Student School IT Co-ordinators
 Emphasis on Capacity Building, Infrastructure upgradation, Content Development,
Satellite based learning system and E-Governance.
 12,000 schools, 2 lakh teachers and 50 lakh students benefited
 ICT based content prepared by Teachers in free software
 Runs ViCTERS- the complete educational channel of Govt of Kerala
                                  Overall Strategies

1. Hardware Percolation Theory Vs Part of Curriculum Mode
2. From Computer as a subject to ICT as an enabler
3. ICT empowerment of Teachers Vs Importing of Specialists
4. Demand and financial resource mobilisation at the local level and incentivisation to
   this process
5. Proprietary Vs Free Software
6. Broad supply framework parallel to DGS&D mechanism
7. Comprehensive intervention for hardware deployment and support
8. Outsourced Content Vs Indigenous Content
9. Leveraging Satellite and Broadband services
10. Electronic governance system to ensure efficiency, transparency and accuracy
11. Ensures Digital Inclusion
                             Recognitions (Contd…)

Extract from the comments of Jury of Stockholm Award 2010

“IT@School has a well established management, organization
and infrastructure. It has achieved greatly and has had great
impact. This project has well organized ICT enabled education
by integrating diverse elements such as capacity building,
infrastructure, content development, and advanced
technologies. It is notable to see a "School WIKI" for sharing
knowledge. To improve the intellectual ability of the teachers
and comprehension ability of the students is always a difficult
task. This on-going award project with 10 years under its belt
is no doubt impressive in size. We can appreciate the logistics
involved in project with this extension. Soon IT@School will
have to confront the challenge of renewing itself. We are
certain they will be up to the challenge, given IT@School
achievements so far. “
Thank You,

                 M.Sivasankar IAS

         Department of General Education
              Government of Kerala


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