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									DIGITAL PROVIDE : an
   Indian experience

 Department of Scientific & Industrial Research
 Ministry of Science & Technology
 Technology Bhavan
 New Mehrauli Road
 NEW DELHI 110 016
 TFX: +91-11-2651 6078
        Some basic figures
Population     1.027 Billion
Males     53.127 Million
Females 49.57 Million
Literacy 65.38 % Males         75.85%
Females 54.16%
       Some basic figures
Allocation for S&T 25,529 Crores
Active R&D/S&T contributors 3.08
  (1999*) Crores
Univ./ coll./students/teachers 294, 13150 /
  88.21 s/4.27 teachers
Internet access/use see later slides
Computer/capita 9/1000, Teledensity 6
          DSIR - NISSAT
National Information Centers
Online Access Centers – in Bureau
Software distribution
Mapping of National S&T productivity
Internet Use
Digital Library Initiatives
Materials for digitization
   Back issues of journals
   Theses, technical reports
   Government Records & Publications
    knowledge/ancient texts
Material for digitization …
  Maps, aerial photographs
  Audio tracks
  Video tracks
Theses, Dissertations and reports

  IIT Chennai Digital Theses, AIP/IITC
  IIT Mumbai

  NAL Aerospace Portal
Electronic Journals
  Indian National Science
  Indian Academy of Sciences
  J-Gate IIPL Initiative
Information Materials

  Standards : HAL
  Patents: PIS Nagpur
  Patents: TIFAC
  Patents: CSIR Patent Unit/NISCAIR
Traditional Knowledge Digital

Folk Wisdom (DSIR/NISSAT)
 Home medicine
 Techniques of water harvesting
 Celestial observations
 Weather forecasting
 Traditional designs
Ancient Texts

  IGNCA Portal
  NIAS Ancient Manuscripts
  National & State archives
Arts, Fine Arts, Designs etc.

Textile designs: ATIRA, IIT Delhi;
NISTADS Baluchori Project
Thanjavur paintings: CDAC Bangalore
Maps, air photo etc.
  GIS database , Computer based interpretation of
    spectral signatures to study spatial and
    temporal variation of parameters
  IRS Satellite imageries, airborne MSS data in
    digital form
  1:250,000 scale toposheets digitized by Survey of
  Large scale city maps for Delhi, Bangalore,
    Mumbai, Chennai, Ahmedabad done; others
    in progress
Government, Judicial, financial documents,
 land records

  Ministry websites include policy and
   planning documents, annual reports,
   budget etc.
  Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka,
   Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu have made
   significant headway
  Judgments of Supreme Court and High
   Courts covered
Pictures/paintings, photographs
Atul & Jogi Pvt. Ltd. Premier Picture
 Library in India
Thanjavur paintaings: CDAC Bangalore

 All National dailies, Regional papers
  eg.Times of India, Ananda Bazar & The
  Hindu Group, Express Group, India
  Today etc.
How to build on …

 How to replicate these initiatives?
 How to develop endogenous
 How to ensure compliance with
  standards, access, interoperability?
 How to facilitate local, national
  content in our scripts and languages?
Future: Actions

  Digital data preparation/capture at
  Conversion of existing information/
   materials to digital form

  More of the former the better
Future: Actions …

Creation of digital resources (text, images,
 sound & bibliographic data)
Identification of current and retrospective
Issues related to language resources
Standards, Technology and tools
Skill development
Future: Services

Developing services based on digital
 resources to cover:
Access (including authentication,
 security and authorization)
Resource discovery tools (including
 development of Gateways)
Document delivery
Technical Infrastructure
Future: Strategic Management

Planning for the future at institutional,
 regional and national level in relation to
 policy, legal and financial issues
Human resource development issues
Technology development issues
IPR Issues.
Future: Strategic Management …
Inventory of current digital library
Interaction meets of key role players –
 government as publisher, commercial
 publishers, authors, libraries, user
Skill development in academic,
 governmental, NGO and commercial sector
Future: Strategic Management …

Promote publishing in digital mode in
 government , academic and funded
Support projects in Academic Digital
 publishing of journals, annual/other
 reports, monographs etc.
Coordinate state and central publishing in
 digital mode
To sum up:

Sporadic, partial attempts
Over simplistic approach in Libraries
install these on an Intranet
Network the systems for an enabling
sensitize on all the ramifications of the
 concept of digital library
To sum up...
Encourage significant efforts on ETDs
 and reports
Facilitate Transfer of skills/knowhow
Promote preparation of theses and reports
 in e-format at the point of generation
Emphasize documentation of heritage
Support publication of scholarly
 periodicals in e-format
To sum up...
 Host on the web Books outside copyright
 and those of the Indian maestros
Government agencies should publish in
 digital form to pave way for a digital
National agencies like NISSAT should
 undertake a systematic plan of action for
 training of potential publishers of digital
 materials and for user education
To sum up...

 Today, it seems only a hardware-
 software, network game only…
Ensure Service focus in digital libraries
Level playing field for both publishers
 and Users
Internet awareness/Usage /Age Group
   Age Gr.    Aware     % of      Users    % of     % of
                      awareness           popln.   users
 Households   43429           -   27895        -        -
 12-14 yrs     2584        5.94     134     4.82      5.2
 15-19 yrs     7638       17.58     516    18.53      6.8
 20-24 yrs     8130       1872      770    27.64      9.5
 25-34 yrs    10510       24.20     797    28.65      7.6
 35-44 yrs     7030       16.19     344    12.38      4.9
 45+           7542       17.37     221     7.93      2.9
Purpose/Usage/      House-    E- Busin Enter-     Others
occupation           holds   mail  ess tain.%         %
                              % Inf. %
Industry/Business     170    46.5   53.5   24.7     14.1
Self employed          67    68.7   49.3   17.9     20.9
Sr Executives         230    58.3   50.0   19.6     18.7
Jr Executives         303    62.0   47.5   16.2     17.2
Petty Traders          87    46.0   43.7   24.1     17.2
Clerks/Servicemen     478    50.4   28.0   28.9     22.8
Skilled/unskilled      119   54.6   22.7   26.9     20.2
Students              1110   40.2    5.7   42.6     33.6
Non                   218    63.8    3.2   36.2     15.1
          Purpose of Usage
Purpose         All     West   South North     East
Households      2782    1012   873     668     229
E-mail          49.5    56.4   52.16   38.79   34.94
Business Info   23.48   26.3   21.31   22.82   21.26
Entertainment   31.99   30.6   30.47   36.84   29.90
Others          24.67   21.8   25.51   25.0    33.01
Awareness & Usage of Internet
   Education       Aware         Users         Total (%)
                   (%)           (%)
   Illiterate      110 (0.25)    0             0

   Below SSC       7936          204 (7.32)    2.6
   SSC (not grad.) 19944         961 (34.55)   4.8
   Graduate / PG 13280           1159          8.7
                   (30.58)       (45.65)
   Grad. / PG      2160 (4.97)   458 (16.48)   21.2
   Households      43429         2782
Thank You
  New Information Initiatives
To develop appropriate endogenous
 information capacities to support S&T
To support the production of local content
 and foster the available indigenous
  New Information Initiatives
To promote information and knowledge
 networking at local, regional and
 national levels to facilitate flow and
 sharing of information resources
To map the national S&T productivity in
 relation to the international trend
  New Information Initiatives
To support education, training and R&D
 in digital content development and
To promote national and international
 cooperation in related areas
  New Information Initiatives

Development of endogenous
     Promotion of content development
     Intensive training courses
     Experiments on content
 New Information Initiatives
Development of local content and
 indigenous knowledgebase
National websites / servers
      VIGYAN SERVER, IPR bio-
       technology, Indian IPR, Indian
       tea, Indian ocean & aquatic
      Indian digital library of theses &
  New Information Initiatives
Documentation of traditional knowledge
 & folk wisdom

     Home medicine
     techniques of water harvesting
     celestial observations
     weather forecasting
     traditional designs
 New Information Initiatives

Information for community – digital
 provide and opportunities
Knowledge Net
Virtual Information Systems
 New Information Initiatives
Virtual information systems…
      Applied to variety of situations in
       both academic and R&D situations
      Connect information resource base
       of a set of institutions
      Virtual laboratory through
       networking several laboratories
      Virtual teaching facilities
 New Information Initiatives
 Electronic publishing of selected Indian
  S&T materials
 Publish select Indian journals on CD-
  ROM and make worldwide pitch to
  market them
 Create a website to host electronic
  versions of select journals
 Host on the web the back issues of
  journals with high impact factor
 New Information Initiatives

Open archive initiatives
Mapping of national S&T productivity
Education, training and R&D
International activities

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