historic_booklet by xiagong0815


									Historic Districts Map

                             Leavenworth Convention &
                                  Visitor's Bureau
                         Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce
                        Table of Contents                                         are then united by the taut skin of shingles.
                                                                                  Soffit - The underside of an arch or lintel.
                                                                                  Spandrel - The triangular area between adjacent arches.
                                                                                  Spanish Colonial - Spanish Colonial revival is really a catalog of styles, unified by
    Downtown Historic District               Union Park Historic District         the use of arches, courtyards, form as mass, plain wall surfaces, and tile roofs, all
      written by John Krueger                 written by Mike Stephenson          derived from the Mediterranean world.
                p. 4                                     p. 73                    String course - A horizontal course projecting from a wall, often moulded and at
                                                                                  times richly carved.
 North Broadway Historic District         Leavenworth Industrial Historic         Stucco - A durable finish for exterior walls, usually composed of cement, sand, and
  written by Lois Kastner & John                      District                    lime, and applied while wet.
              Krueger                         written by John Krueger             Terrazzo - A flooring material of marble or stone chips set in mortar and polished
               p. 24                                    p. 82                     when dry.
                                                                                  Transom - a window above a door (or a horizontal crossbar in a window or between
 North Esplanade Historic District         National Register ‘Stand alone’        a door and a window).
      written by Bob Kennedy                                                      Triparite - a window composed of three parts
                                                Historic Properties:
                                                                                  Tudor Revival - Tudor Revival derives its inspiration from early England. These
                p. 33                                Angell House,
                                                                                  buildings lavishly feature stone, ornate chimneys, half-timberings, thick walls, dark
                                                     Insley House,
                                                                                  interiors, and steep rooflines.
 South Esplanade Historic District          Santa Fe Depot, Union Depot           Tympanum - The ornamental recessed space or panel enclosed by the cornices of a
      written by Sally Hatcher             Leavenworth County Courthouse,         triangular pediment.
                p. 42                               Brewer House,                 Veranda - A porch or balcony, usually roofed and often partly enclosed, extending
                                                      Burt House,                 along the outside of a building.
   Arch Street Historic District                   Carroll Mansion,               Victorian-era - Being in the highly ornamented, massive style of architecture, decor,
     written by Bob Topping                  Leavenworth Public Library           and furnishings popular in 19th-century England.
               p. 50                           written by Bob Kennedy             Voussoirs - One of the wedge-shaped stones forming the curved parts of an arch or
                                                                                  vaulted ceiling.
   3rd Avenue Historic District             Leavenworth’s Colorful Past
     written by Bobbie Bower                   written by Kelvin Crow
               p. 60                                    p. 89

                      Glossary of Architectural Terms

                    Designed & Edited by Megan Scheidt

This publication has been financed in part with Federal funds from the National
  Park Service, a division of the United States Department of the Interior, and
 administered by the Kansas State Historical Society. The contents and opin-
   ions, however, do not necessarily reflect the view or policies of the United
    States Department of the Interior or the Kansas State Historical Society.

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Molding - An embellishment in strip form, made of wood or other structural materi-           Welcome to Leavenworth! This booklet
al, that is used to decorate or finish a surface, such as the wall of a room or building     describes the city's eight National
or the surface of a door or piece of furniture.                                              Register Historic Districts and
Muntin - a strip separating panes of glass in a sash.
Newel post - the post at the top or bottom of a flight of stairs; it supports the handrail
                                                                                             eight      additional    National
Neoclassical - This style became wildly popular at the end of the 1800s and the              Register properties associated
beginning of the 1900s. Its most distinctive feature would be the lavish use of              with the early development of the
columns, usually Corinthian. Often features a classical pedimented entry with an             first city in Kansas and the open-
entablature above the cornice line. Many Neoclassical buildings have windows                 ing of the western half of the United
grouped in twos or threes, with the main floor having semicircular arched windows.           States.
Parapet - A low protective wall or railing along the edge of a raised structure such as
a roof or balcony.
Parquet floor - Inlay of wood, often of different colors, that is worked into a geomet-      Throughout those early years, heroes and villains walked these streets and
ric pattern or mosaic and is used especially for floors.                                     some of the more notorious will show up in association with the city's
Pilasters - A rectangular column with a capital and base, projecting only slightly           early-built environment, but the stories of Buffalo Bill Cody, Wild Bill
from a wall as an ornamental motif.                                                          Hickock, Calamity Jane, George and Tom Custer and William Tecumseh
Portico - A porch or walkway with a roof supported by columns, often leading to the          Sherman are told elsewhere, in volumes. This booklet examines examples
entrance of a building.                                                                      of mid-to-late 19th and early 20th century buildings that help bring histo-
Prairie Style - Prairie houses were characterized by low, horizontal lines that were
                                                                                             ry to the present.
meant to blend with the flat landscape around them. Typically, these structures were
built around a central chimney, consisted of broad open spaces instead of strictly
defined rooms, and deliberately blurred the distinction between interior space and the       Fort Leavenworth and the Eisenhower Veterans Affairs Medical Centers
surrounding terrain. Wide, overhanging eaves with enclosed rafters are common as             are also National Register properties but, as federal reservation land, they
well.                                                                                        are independent of local historic preservation processes.
Quatrefoil - A representation of a flower with four petals or a leaf with four leaflets,
especially in heraldry.                                                                      The districts are walkable. Most of them are compact and were drawn
Queen Anne - This is one of the most popular high Victorian styles. Developed in
Great Britain and displayed at the Centennial exposition in Philadelphia, the style is
                                                                                             around a common theme or construction era, except, of course, the down-
characterized by great compexity. Irregular massive, great variety of windows and            town area. The Downtown Historic District reflects the eclectic nature of
sheathing material, complex roofs, filigree -- these are just some of the qualities that     commercial development from decade to decade as times changed. It is
make up Queen Anne.                                                                          also the largest geographic district and may require driving from parking
Richardson Romanesque - Of, relating to, or being a style of European architecture           lot to parking lot if you want to take a close look at the surviving build-
containing both Roman and Byzantine elements, prevalent especially in the 11th and           ings.
12th centuries and characterized by massive walls, round arches, and relatively sim-
ple ornamentation.
Sash - the framework of a window in which panes of glass are set.                            If the locals are out, they are usually happy to speak to you about their
Second Empire - A heavily ornate style of furniture, architecture, and decoration            homes, but please respect their privacy and their property. The sidewalks
that was developed in France in the middle of the 19th century.                              are public spaces, yard areas are not. Thank you for your cooperation and
Shingle style - The Shingle Style of building is uniquely American, melding various          for your interest in our community. We are very glad you are here and we
styles popular in States in the late 19th century (1870-1890). Influencing the Shingle       hope you will enjoy some of the finest examples of early architecture in the
Style were the Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival and the Stick or Carpenter               state.
Gothic Styles. Shingle Style buildings are often composed of complex shapes which

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DOWNTOWN HISTORIC DISTRICT                                                            Doric - The oldest and simplest of the three orders of classical Greek architecture.
                                                                                      Dormer - A window set vertically into a small gable projecting from a sloping roof.
Leavenworth's 45-block downtown was planned in 1854, and in its first two             Double-hung windows - windows divided into two main sections. One section can
decades, commerce boomed. Most of the City's early stores were built in               slide up and down and past the other.
"blocks" with multiple storefronts and common upper areas. Many of these mag-         Eaves - The overhanging edge of a roof.
nificent structures are gone and some that remain are the lower floors left after     Ell - An extension at right angles to the length of a main building, giving to the
fire, tornado and neglect took their toll on their upper levels. Infill is evident    ground plan a form resembling the letter L; sometimes less properly applied to a nar-
nearly everywhere and pavement replaced buildings as the demand for off street        rower, or lower, extension in the direction of the length of the main building; a wing.
                                                                                      Entablature - The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and
parking grew, especially after World War II.
                                                                                      constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice.
                                                                                      Fanlight - A semicircular window (often placed above a door or another window).
Examples of block-style development still evident today are the O'Donnell Block
                                                                                      Federal Style - popular in early decades of U.S history. Basically, Georgian style
at 100 South 5th Street, the Masonic Temple at 421 Delaware, the Yum block at         with Adamesque enhancements. The main identifying feature is typically the fanlight
311-321 South 5th Street, and the intact block of commercial stores in the 600        entryway with classical (Greek) detailing.
block of Cherokee Street.                                                             Fenestration - The arrangement and design of windows and doors in a building.
                                                                                      Finial - A sculptured ornament, often in the shape of a leaf or flower, at the top of a
There are 65 contributing properties in the district, mostly constructed of red       gable, pinnacle, or similar structure.
brick with cast iron and terra cotta trim features. Their architecture is described   Frieze - A plain or decorated horizontal part of an entablature between the architrave
as "high style" with Colonial and Classical revival variations reflective of their    and cornice.
era. Two were previously placed on the National Register of Historic Places           Gable - The generally triangular section of wall at the end of a pitched roof, occupy-
(429 and 500 Delaware Street).                                                        ing the space between the two slopes of the roof.
                                                                                      Gothic Revival - Mostly popular between 1840-1860 for houses. Popular style for
                                                                                      churches nationally right up through the 1940s (WWII). Most abundant in the
Knights of Columbus Block                                                             Northeast. Style began in England 1749 to romanticize medieval styles.
331 Delaware Street                                                                   Greek Revival - denotes rectangular buildings that have no arches, that depend upon
c. 1882; c. 1945                                                                      large columns for support and ornamentation, and usually have smooth exterior wall
This three-story building has a corner                                                Hip roof - A four-sided roof having sloping ends and sides.
entrance that is canted at both stories.                                              Italianate - Italianate houses draw their inspiration from villas in northern Italy. They
                                                                                      are squarish in shape, generally have low-pitched hipped roofs, large windows, and
The façade of this late 19th century
                                                                                      broad overhanging eaves. An excellent local example would be Ingleside.
building was significantly altered in the
                                                                                      Keystones - Central stone in an arch or vault.
20th century. Divisions are created
                                                                                      Lintel - A horizontal beam of stone or timber, bridging an opening. Often used in con-
through the use of brick stringcourses                                                junction with the tympanum.
and by alternating different colors of                                                Mansard roof - A four-sided roof having a double slope on all sides, with the lower
brick and large, cast stone tiles.                                                    slope much steeper than the upper.
Commercial storefronts occupy the first                                               Mission Style - The Mission style originated in southern California and was the first
story and are divided into three bays on                                              style to diffuse eastward from the West. The style includes Mission-shaped dormers
the Delaware Street façade. The c.1945 alterations have achieved their own sig-       and/or roof parapet; wide, overhanging eaves, exposed rafters, red-tiled roof, stucco
nificance as a historic alteration and maintained the size, scale, and mass of the    walls, arched windows/doors on ground level.
original building.                                                                    Modillion - An ornamental bracket used in series under a cornice, especially a cor-
                                                                                      nice of the Corinthian, Composite, or Ionic orders.

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                                     Glossary                                               McCaffree Short Title Co.
                                                                                            330 Delaware Street
2/2 windows - windows divided with two panes of glass on the upper and lower half.          1910
1/1 windows - windows divided with only one pane of glass on the upper and lower
half.                                                                                       This two-story building is a streamlined
Art deco - A decorative and architectural style of the period 1925-1940, character-         adaptation of the Neoclassical Revival
ized by geometric designs, bold colors, and the use of plastic and glass.                   style, one bay wide and 12 bays long.
Balustrade - A rail and the row of balusters or posts that support it, as along the front   Round inner columns and square outer
of a gallery.                                                                               corner columns flank each window and
Beltcourse - usually an architectural separator between the first and second floors
                                                                                            support a simple frieze and cornice. The
Bulkhead - A horizontal or sloping structure providing access to a cellar stairway.
                                                                                            building terminates without ornamenta-
Carrara glass - as the architectural glass industry became especially creative, a new
                                                                                            tion. The west façade of the building
series of new glass products known as structural glass was introduced. This glass was
used predominately for wall surfacing and included glass building blocks, reinforced
                                                                                            has 12 bays separated by simple pilasters that support a frieze and cornice. Much
plate glass, and pigmented structural glass.                                                of the building's original fabric is intact and in place and retains a high degree of
Casement - a window sash that opens on hinges at the sides.                                 integrity. An original third story was removed after being damaged by a tornado.
Classical Revival - An architectural movement based on the use of pure Roman and
Greek forms, mainly in England and the U.S. in the early 19th century.                                                        First City Photo
Clerestory - a wall of a room or of a building that rises above the roof and contains                                         406 Shawnee Street
windows.                                                                                                                      c. 1865
Colonettes - A column of small dimensions.
Colonial Revival - The Colonial Revival style became popular in the late nineteenth                                         The first story of this redbrick structure has four
century. It draws its inspiration from Georgian Colonial architecture. Buildings of this                                    bays and an end (west) bay entrance to the sec-
type usually have strictly symmetrical facades and are usually rectangular in plan                                          ond story. Display windows flank a recessed
with no or minimum projections. Eaves have classical detailing. Windows are usual-                                          entrance. All of the original storefront treat-
ly double-hung sash except when Palladian windows are used for accent.                                                      ments are intact, including the cast-iron bulk-
Corbels - A projecting block of stone or timber to support a feature above.                                                 heads, transoms, and window enclosures. The
Corinthian - most ornate of the three orders of classical Greek architecture.                                               second story has three bays. Above the second-
Cornice - A moulded ledge, projecting horizontally along the top of a building or fea-                                      story windows and at the roofline, narrow, brick
ture such as a screen etc.                                                                  stringcourses project slightly from the building. In 2003, a mural of early
Craftsman - Bungalows were designed by the British for use in colonial India.
                                                                                            Leavenworth and native son Buffalo Bill Cody was painted on the west elevation.
Therefore, they are fashioned for warm weather. The roofs are usually hipped, there-
by providing large attics for storage and for capturing the heat in the summer.
Windows are grouped for greater sunlight and for greater ventilation. Bungalows
have broad overhanging eaves, again to hold off the heat, as well as big porches to sit
on in the evening. The Craftsman style, of which Bungalows are a subset, is charac-
terized by simplicity and lack of the fanciful ornamentation one finds in Victorian
Cupola - A domelike structure surmounting a roof or dome, often used as a lookout
or to admit light and air.
Dentil - One of a series of small rectangular blocks projecting like teeth from a mold-
ing or beneath a cornice.

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City Hall                                                                                Kansas Volunteers and finally leaving to work as a buffalo hunter for the Kansas
100 North Fifth                                                                          Pacific Railroad. Wild Bill Hickok lived in Leavenworth for a time, served with
1924                                                                                     Leavenworth Redleg unit in the Civil War and rode his horse into a second-floor
                                                                                         pool hall on a bet. He wrote in his autobiography of meeting Calamity Jane while
Leavenworth's City Hall is a                                                             she was in Leavenworth.
detached, two-story, light gray terra
cotta building on a landscaped area                                                      The restaurateur Fred Harvey bought a mansion in Leavenworth at the height of
on the west half of Block 50. Feth &                                                     his success and lived here until his death. He created the chain of depot restau-
Feth, local architects, designed this                                                    rants called the Harvey Houses with their charming waitresses the “Harvey
and many other city halls, courthous-                                                    Girls.” Harvey was the classic American success story, coming to this country
es, and schools in the greater Kansas                                                    with little but the clothes on his back and rising to great wealth through hard work
City area. This building is an excel-                                                    and a good idea.
lent example of the Classical Revival architectural style favored by private and
public institutions during the early 20th century. A classical entablature wraps         The list of Leavenworth residents and visitors who have been touched by fame or
around the building. Over the entrances and above the entablature are parapets           infamy could go on and on. Academy Award winning actor Wallace Beery, the
clad in terra cotta. The spandrels on both elevations have classical garlands in         glamorous June Haver and British writer Oscar Wilde represent the arts.
low relief. In 2004, all covered windows were reopened and an interior light             Profesional baseball players Murry Dickson and Del Crandel started their careers
court was reopened as a significant architectural feature.                               here, while the first black heavy-weight champion of the world, boxing great
                                                                                         John Johnson, ended his as a physical education director for the Federal
O'Donnell Block                                                                          Penetentiary. Generals like Custer, Sherman, MacArthur, Eisenhower, Patton and
100-108 South Fifth Street &                                                             Powell have walked the streets here, as have Prohibitionist Carry Nation and
501-505 Shawnee                                                                          Abolitionist John Brown. Grammy award-winning singer Melissa Etheridge,
1905 (with parts dating to 1854)                                                         actor Richard Sanders (‘Les Nessman’ of WKRP), Randy Sparks of the New
                                                                                         Christy Minstrels and author Tom Oliver (To Watch the River) are current famous
This two-story brick building had deteriorated during the 1970s through the              faces first seen in Leavenworth.
1990s and was scheduled for demolition. In the 1990s, it was rehabilitated as an
early example of a mixed use (commercial-residential) success. During the inte-
rior tear out, it was apparent that most of the foundation was original to a build-
ing built at this location in 1854, making at least a part of this building one of the
earliest in town. The east
elevation has five sepa-
rate storefronts that fea-
ture full arches that span
the width of the paired
windows and rise to the
roofline. Within the arch-
es is a terra cotta sun-
burst. A common element
in all of the sections is
the use of stone belt-

                                          6                                                                                      91
combined and intensified.”                                                           courses to visually separate the first and second stories. Brickwork, laid in a tex-
                                                                                     tured pattern, defines the entablature and projecting cornice of the different build-
D.R. Anthony served Leavenworth as mayor, post master, newspaper editor, mil-        ing segments. Other common stylistic elements are cornice window heads, archi-
itary officer and horse thief. He was the veteran of many battles, and fought with   trave window frames, and stone sills supported by brick corbels. This highly
words as well as weapons. In the Civil War, he was the executive officer of the      ornamented two-part commercial block retains a high degree of integrity of loca-
7th Kansas Volunteers under the famous Jayhawker Charles R. Jennison (who            tion and setting. The building retains all of its original exterior building materi-
also settled here in Leavenworth). Anthony shot it out in the street on at least-    als. With a few minor exceptions, its original design, including its size, scale,
three occasions, once wounded so badly that his sister, Susan B. Anthony,            massing, character-defining elements, and ornamentation are retained without
dropped her speaking tour and came to Leavenworth to nurse him back to health.       loss, alteration or additions. The covered transoms and bricked-up entrances are
While Ms. Anthony was here, she ran his paper and gave a boost to the Kansas         easily reversible and it remains an excellent example of a variation of popular
suffragettes. D.R. Anthony, Jr. was elected to the U.S. House, where he intro-       early 20th century revival designs for commercial buildings.
duced the 19th Amendment to the Constitution which gave women the vote.
                                                                                     Queen's Pantry
Horace Greeley, the famous New York newspaper editor, came through                   500 Shawnee
Leavenworth in 1859. He marveled at the transportation empire of Russell,            c. 1858
Majors and Waddell, strolled along the Leavenworth Landing and proclaimed the
town destined to become one of the three great urban centers of the United States.   This former saloon survives from
His son-in-law settled here on his advice. Hyram Revels II, an early pastor of       Leavenworth's early heyday and
Leavenworth’s historic Bethel AME church, later became the second U.S.               retains its historic features including a
African-American Senator. The church was spiritual home to many Buffalo              diagonal corner entry. The Fifth Street
Soldiers including Benjamin O. Davis, the first African-American U.S. general        elevation has a continuous row of sym-
officer and Colin Powell.                                                            metrically placed, brick, arched open-
                                                                                     ings on the first and second stories that
The prisons in town have housed many well-known convicts. The Federal                incorporate windows and entrances. The original storefront elements on Shawnee
Pententiary has been the home of Kansas City Boss Tom Pendergast, George             Street (bulkhead, openings, transoms, and cast iron elements) are intact. Even the
“Machine Gun” Kelly, “Bugs” Moran, Manuel Noreiga and Leonard Peltier.               rebuilt chimneys retain their original configuration.
Their most famous prisoner was Robert Stroud, known in the movies as the
“Birdman of Alcatraz.” In real life, he did all of his birdwork in Leavenworth,                                                Nu Way
serving 28 years before being transferred to Alcatraz. The U.S. Disciplinary                                                   510 Shawnee
Barracks on Fort Leavenworth was the site of the execution of Nazi prisoners of                                                1942
war who murdered POWs for collaboration. “Rocky” Graziano got his start in
boxing while incarcerated at the USDB. The Kansas State Penetentiary was                                                        This is one of two surviving "Nu Way"
home to Richard Hickock and Perry Smith whose crime was detailed in Truman                                                      drive-ins from the regional chain that
Capote’s “In Cold Blood.”                                                                                                       dotted the south central states. It is sig-
                                                                                                                                nificant for its autocentric design as well
Wild West figures were common sites on the streets of Leavenworth in the 1800s.                                                 as reflecting the evolution of commercial
Buffalo Bill Cody is counted as a native son, having grown up in the Salt Creek                                                 dining facilities in the District from
Valley. His father was killed in the Bleeding Kansas troubles and he used to roam    saloon to restaurant/café to drive-in. The secondary façades have several open-
the streets of town with his boyhood friends. He began his career here, working      ings of different sizes cut into them to accommodate a drive-through window and
first for Russell, Majors and Waddell, then serving under D.R. Anthony in the        secondary entrances.

                                       90                                                                                      7
Chamber Office                                                                                   A Town Full of Colorful Characters &
516-518 Shawnee                                                                                          Memorable Moments
This two-story, red brick building has                                                                               Kelvin Crow
four bays. The first-story storefront is a
modern alteration that retains the original                                          Leavenworth is so much more than just beautiful buildings, imposing prisons and
configuration of entrances flanking two                                              wonderful, eclectic shopping. The history includes some of the greatest stories
display windows. Wrought iron balconets                                              of our Nation’s past and some of the most interesting people, too.
span the width of the upper floor win-
dows. It houses the Chamber of                                                       The earliest recorded Leavenworth residents are the Kansas Indians and their
Commerce and several shops, offices and                                              allies, the French, who traded in this vicinity. Lewis and Clark passed by in July
residences.                                                                          1804 on their great journey of western discovery. The Delaware and Kickapoo
                                                                                     tribes once had reservations covering most of today’s Leavenworth County.
                                    Davis Funeral Chapel                             Delaware Chiefs Black Beaver and Panipakuxwe or “He Who Walks When the
                                    531 Shawnee                                      Leaves Fall” served as scouts and leaders for the Union Army in the Civil War.
                                    1867, 1930
                                                                                     David Brewer was a gold miner, Sunday School teacher and first United States
                                  Mediterranean Revival influences of the early      Supreme Court Justice appointed from west of the Mississippi River. He was a
                                  20th century dominate this Carrara glass-front     colorful man who enjoyed telling “Leavenworth stories” while back East. Mark
                                  building. Flanking the two slightly recessed       Delahay was a newspaper publisher who made people so mad with his editorials
                                  arched entrances are rectangular casement          that they chopped a hole through the ice to sink his printing press in the river.
                                  windows. Wrought iron fretwork decorates           Bishop John Baptist Miege was horrified to be appointed Bishop to the Wild West
                                  panels below these windows. The Sixth Street       and he sent the appointment back to the Pope and asked him to reconsider. He
                                  side features a classical door surround incor-     wrote he would be a thousand times more willing to go to Europe than to take on
                                  porating cast iron panels coupled with slightly    this task. But he went on to make his headquarters in Leavenworth and build a
                                  recessed fluted columns resting on piers.          cathedral here that was the largest house of worship in the United States. Mother
                                  Above the lintel is an elliptical arch with sup-   Xavier Ross was founder of St. Mary College, St. John’s Hospital, and the Sisters
                                  porting brackets. The later application of         of Charity of Leavenworth. She was the daughter of a Methodist minister who
                                  Carrara glass panels has achieved significance     converted to the Catholic faith as a teenager. Her brothers used to lock her in the
as a historic alteration. The modern windows are reversible and do not detract       closet to prevent her from attending Mass.
from the building's importance.
                                                                                     Abraham Lincoln came to Leavenworth in 1859, seeking the Republican nomi-
                                                                                     nation for President. After having sparse audiences at earlier meetings, he was
                                                                                     delighted with his reception in Leavenworth where thousands gathered to hear
                                                                                     him speak. He stayed almost a week, sampling the famous Leavenworth beer,
                                                                                     converting his hosts to outspoken advocates of abolition and causing the town
                                                                                     authorities to close Mrs. Riley’s brothel for the duration of his visit. John Wilkes
                                                                                     Booth performed here in 1863 from the same stage Lincoln used. His perform-
                                                                                     ance was described as a “thrilling representation of hate, revenge and ambition

                                         8                                                                                   89
Alleyway between Second and Third Streets north of                                      Immaculata High School
Choctaw Street                                                                          600 Shawnee
1880                                                                                    1922

This historic alleyway runs east and west between Second and Third streets              "Imac" as it is known locally, bills
behind the buildings facing Choctaw and Cherokee streets. Approximately 14-             itself as a college-preparatory school
feet wide and extending about 312 feet, this road surface retains its original red      in an effort to attract students from
brick pavers, as well as spatial relationships. This strip of alleyway is in good       Leavenworth's government and mili-
condition and clearly conveys its defining historic characteristics. Although a         tary employment centers. Its down-
small section at the intersection with Third Street has been covered in asphalt, this   town location provides an additional,
surviving structural element contributes to the District.                               large scale institution which strength-
                                                                                        ens the downtown's stability. The
                                                                                        structure references Art Deco motifs, and geometric terra cotta ornamentation
                                                                                        creates "cuts" in the parapet walls for more definition. Upgrades have not spoiled
                                                                                        the building's high degree of original materials and architectural elements.

                                                                                                                                         601 Shawnee
                                                                                                                                         c. 1864

                                                                                                                                          Biringer's, a locksmith and gun-
                                                                                                                                          smith, is one of the oldest continu-
                                                                                                                                          ous commercial operations in
                                                                                                                                          Kansas, dating to 1864, and has
                                                                                                                                          always been at this location.
                                                                                                                                          Originally starting as a gunsmith,
                                                                                        the store still sells a wide variety of hunting gear but is heavily used by people
                                                                                        who need locksmith services. Although this is a simple two-story stucco build-
                                                                                        ing with significant alteration, it retains its original size, scale, massing, fenestra-
                                                                                        tion, setting and location. The storefront retains its original configuration, and
                                                                                        the original window and transom openings are intact. It still communicates the
                                                                                        commercial association it had with its period of construction.

                                        88                                                                                         9
607 Shawnee                                                                             complex. The company's original building dates to 1874 and faces north. This
c. 1883                                                                                 façade has seven bays. It is two-and-one-half stories tall with a raised full-length
                                                                                        clerestory. Other blighted, unsafe buildings in this complex were demolished in
This small, one-story structure is                                                      1985. The surviving building dates from the earliest occupation of the property
recessed from the sidewalk. The cen-                                                    by the company and retains its corner location, size, scale massing, fenestration,
tral entrance bay has a gable roof with                                                 and roof form as well as materials and design features. The east and south
cross bracing. The façade contains a                                                    facades, which originally served as party walls, have been re-clad since the dem-
central entrance flanked by projecting,                                                 olition. In spite of these changes, its association with the industrial era has been
three-sided bay windows applied to a                                                    maintained. A new building designed similar to a circus tent is being construct-
brick building face. A copper hip roof                                                  ed at 101 Cherokee Street to house three antique carousels, two of which were
caps the bays and the transom and the                                                   manufactured locally by the C. W. Parker Carousel Co. Its design was approved
sidelights have polygonal lead windows. This building retains many of its archi-        by the local Landmarks Board because it retains the size and scale of the other
tectural elements dating to the 1880s. Historic maps indicate a residence at this       buildings while being quite unique and it is located on the cleared Union Stove
location prior to 1883. It is a unique component of the District and shows the          Co. property.
mixture of land uses common to 19th century development.
                                                                                        Savoy Hotel
                                                Citizens National Bank                  126-130 Cherokee Street; 211-217 South Second Street
                                                601 Delaware                            1900
                                                                                        The Savory Hotel was built to serve travelers associated with passenger train
                                                This symmetrical, two-story build-      service to Leavenworth. Its size dictates that it was probably never a major com-
                                                ing has corner pilasters with stone     petitor for this trade. By the 1920s it
                                                capitals and bases that visually        was a brothel. By the 1950s it oper-
                                                support an oversized entablature,       ated as Laura's Hotel. In the vernac-
                                                cornice, and a stone-edged para-        ular, it was an “after hours” and a
                                                pet.     The entrance has fluted        very good bar-be-que “joint.” The
                                                pilasters supporting a classical        upstairs cribs were 8'x8' rooms. By
                                                entablature. A wide entablature         the mid 1960s Leavenworth Steel
                                                and a projecting cornice wrap           purchased the property for its pri-
around the building. Above this, a brick parapet with projecting, square, brick         mary office building. Laura's raised
piers is directly above the pilasters. The building was the original sales office for   throne platform upstairs was still
the Lambert Lumber Company. Citizens National Bank is the only financial                intact in 1985 but gave way to the
institution located in a historic property downtown.                                    conversion project that ensued in the
                                                                                        effort to save the building.

                                                                                        With the exception of the replace-
                                                                                        ment of the storefront windows, this
                                                                                        building retains all of its original
                                                                                        materials, workmanship, fenestra-
                                                                                        tion, and design.

                                        10                                                                                      87
Great Western Manufacturing Co.                                                     People's Telephone Co.
320 South 2nd Street, 200 Choctaw Street                                            529 Delaware
1905                                                                                1906

Originally connected to its neighbors to the west at 206-220 Choctaw Street, this   This corner building is a two-story struc-
two-story building sits on a raised brick foundation on the northwest corner of     ture with a brick and limestone façade that
Choctaw and Second streets and features a parapet coped with square-cut stone.      features symmetrical massing and classical
The primary entrance shows a classical motif with heavy lintel. This building       ornamentation. The end bays of the pri-
was converted to six loft apartments in 2003 and new metal, full-sized windows      mary façade are composed of red brick
with transoms replaced the mid-1970s inappropriate metal window inserts. The        flanked by stone quoins. The first-story
original painted "Great Western                                                     windows have stone lintels with keystones.
Manufacturing" signs were                                                           The central portion of the building has
repainted on the sides of the                                                       smooth limestone facing. The building was built for the People's Telephone
building during the conversion.                                                     Company, was converted to an outpatient hospital in the 1970s, and is currently
Even with the conversion, this                                                      occupied by a law office.
building retains a majority of its
defining historic architectural                                                                               Wards Building
characteristics. The original                                                                                 528 Delaware
materials, design, workmanship,                                                                               1908
size, scale, fenestration patterns
and massing remain. It has a                                                                                  This is the only remaining six-story commercial build-
high degree of architectural                                                                                  ing in the downtown. There is a three-bay front (south)
integrity and is a contributing                                                                               elevation and a nine-bay side (west) each separated by
resource to the District.                                                                                     brick pilasters that terminate midway at the sixth story
                                                                                                              with geometric, stone capitals. It was built for a tin or
                                                 Union    Stove   and                                         steel fabricator and warehouse, and was converted to
                                                 Machine Works                                                the Montgomery Ward Department store. In the inter-
                                                 117-121    Cherokee                                          vening years, it has been a furniture, antique and col-
                                                 Street; 309-13 South                                         lectibles shop. In 2003, the building was purchased and
                                                 Second Street                                                will be converted to an e-business office complex that
                                                 1874, 1879                                                   is projected to employ over 100 computer technicians
                                                                                                              by 2010.
                                                  This building was the first
                                                  property to be converted to       Sadtk's Furniture Store
                                                  other than industrial use in      Delaware
                                                  1985. Accountants, abstractors,   c. 1915
                                                  beauticians, dentists and other
                                                  professionals occupy the struc-   Although infill covers the original first-story storefront, the original second-and-
ture. This led the way for the other projects to follow. This brick building com-   third-story windows continue to be important character-defining elements of the
prises the remaining buildings from the original Union Stove and Machine Works      building and its mass and style contribute greatly to the district.

                                      86                                                                                    11
520-522 Delaware                                                                       Great Western Manufacturing Co.
1903                                                                                   206-220 Choctaw Street
                                                                                       c. 1860, 1885, 1890, 1910
Ornamented cast iron brackets highlight this Colonial Revival structure. Other
stylistic elements include three molded, semi-circular, brick arches with key-         This complex has three buildings sharing party walls and each facing south. The
stones, roundels centered within each arch under a shed roof supported by paired,      earliest building is the central two-and-one-half story brick structure which may
ornamented cast iron brackets. These details, combined with the Colonial Revival       contain 1860 elements on the interior. The exterior dates to an 1885 Great
motif, reflect an eclectic assembly of features that are each historic to their con-   Western Manufacturing Company expansion and features embellished corbeled
struction era. The building has been used as a bank, a credit bureau and for asso-     brickwork. An 1890 addition was originally a three-and-one-half story, hipped
ciated offices.                                                                        roof structure, later reduced to two stories because of wind damage and fire
                                                                                       threat. A two-story brick addition to the east elevation of the central building
521 & 523 Delaware                                                                     dates to 1910.
c. 1905
                                                                                       The large size, scale and massing of the buildings, as well as the common use of
These buildings contribute because of their mass, but otherwise have almost no         materials and architectural details, brickwork and fenestration, visually link the
ornamentation. The oversized windows rise into an area that normally would             various additions to the original complex. They continue to have a defined indus-
incorporate a third story. The treatment of the second story is consistent with its    trial character and convey the commercial associations for which the District is
former use as a meeting hall. The window openings, transoms and casements are          significant.
intact under the metal sheathing.
                                                                                       High Noon Saloon
512-514 Delaware                                                                       gradually acquired,
c. 1890                                                                                converted and refur-
                                                                                       bished all of this prop-
As with 521-523 Delaware, these storefronts offer little architectural appeal, but     erty during the 1990's.
they retain their original window, door, and transom configuration and contribute      High Noon is a local
to the district by their mass.                                                         brewery and provides
                                                                                       a lively dining and
513 Delaware                                                                           entertainment center
1899                                                                                   for the community,
                                                                                       which has helped gen-
Despite storefront and window insert alterations, this building retains much of its    erate interest in con-
original building material, ornamentation and Classical Revival stylistic idioms.      verting historic ware-
It conveys clear associations with its period of construction and with its original    houses to present day
commercial and organizational use. It retains all of the window openings, string-      uses.
courses, attached columns and cornice - all of which are dominant design fea-
tures. The transom window appears to be intact under paneling. The inappropri-
ate infill can be easily reversed without damaging the building's original materi-

                                        12                                                                                    85
Great Western Stove Company                                                            510 Delaware
402-410 South 2nd Street                                                               c. 1890
1874, 1900
                                                                                       This two-story, brick building
This complex of brick buildings                                                        has an ornate brick cornice with
occupies most of the west side of                                                      two arched openings surrounded
South Second Street at Choctaw                                                         by brick voussoirs and project-
Street, forming an L-plan. The pri-                                                    ing pilasters resting on rounded
mary building, located on the                                                          stone bases. The first story of
northeast corner of the block, con-                                                    the building incorporates two
structed in 1874, is a four-story                                                      storefronts, both of which reflect
building with a stone foundation. It                                                   sensitive alterations and retain
has two primary facades facing                                                         their original configuration.
Choctaw and Second Streets. A
two-story, one-bay connecting                                                          509 Delaware
brick addition that links the main                                                     1890
building to a double hip roof,
stepped gable, symmetrical brick structure was constructed in 1900. It mirrors a       This two-story, painted-brick building exhibits Italianate features commonly
building across Second Street. Each bay contains a double-hung sash window             found in commercial buildings of the late 19th century. Those defining elements
with a pedimented lintel and cast iron sill, except for the central bay, which con-    include the extruded and bracketed cornice, exaggerated bracketed window
tains a garage door bay. The four-story building is part of Tire Town, while the       hoods, and the symmetrical arrangement of the fenestration. Doors providing
connected structure houses an active plumbing supply company.                          access to the second story are on either side of the double storefront, in the end
                                                                                       bays. The rectangular windows have stone sills and window hoods with exagger-
The defining historic elements of the building are intact, including the design,       ated, stylized brackets. Despite the alteration to the storefront and the exterior
size, scale, massing, and materials. The original fenestration is intact, although     paint, this building retains its original storefront material and character-defining
many windows have been replaced with modern units that fill the original open-         architectural elements.
ings. In spite of these alterations, this building clearly conveys its integrity and
contributes to the significance of the District.                                       505-507 Delaware
Great Western Manufacturing Co.
411-419 South 3rd Street                                                               This painted brick building maintains its historic integrity through the retention
c. 1899, c. 1940                                                                       of the original configuration of its storefronts, the dominant, second-story win-
                                                                                       dow treatment, the upper façade's original brickwork, stringcourses, and the elab-
Unified School District #453 purchased the Leavenworth Foundry in 1985 and             orate cornice.
converted it to its Service Center. The primary building was erected in 1899. The
window openings have cast iron sills and arched brick lintels. The building has a
high degree of historic integrity, retaining its location, materials, size, scale,
massing, fenestration, and character-defining elements, including its spatial rela-
tionship to Three Mile Creek. Of note: the foundry, one of the oldest in Kansas,
made titanium parts for the F-111 fighter jets prior to closing in 1984.

                                        84                                                                                     13
504-506 Delaware                                                                        Great Western Stove Company
1883                                                                                    401-419 South 2nd Street
                                                                                        1882, 1887, 1901 and 1934
This building's roofline is dom-
inated by a heavy, elaborately                                                          The primary building, constructed in 1882, is a four-story, symmetrical structure
decorated entablature and cor-                                                          on the corner at 2nd & Choctaw. A distinctive cupola ornament (with flagpole)
nice.     The cornice design                                                            embellishes the parapet at the northwest corner of the roofline.
employs a central gable front
dormer for each storefront sec-                                                         A double hip roof building to the south was constructed in 1901. This is actually
tion, flanked by a projecting                                                           two buildings, each with a central clerestory, one running north and south and one
cornice supported by scroll                                                             running east and west. The other building has similar windows, but has a large
brackets. This building retains a sizable portion of its original ornamentation, fen-   semi-circular window on a stone sill centrally located in the upper level.
estration, materials and design.
                                                                                        A two-story, brick addition was also added in 1905 to join the double hip roof
501-503 Delaware                                                                        building to an elevator tower which was built to serve a five story building built
1938                                                                                    in 1885 as a stand alone property. A concrete block building added in the 1930s
                                                                                        connects the main building to the five-story building and creates two interior
Several geometric forms provide the design motif                                        courtyards, a feature that has attracted developers to this active secondary market
of this structure. Original elements include a                                          tire warehouse (Tire Town).
recessed corner entry and continuous display win-
dows. The most distinguishing characteristic is the                                     The property retains its original configuration and has had no significant alter-
1938, Art Deco red Carrara glass panels aside a                                         ation since the block building was added in 1934. All of its defining characteris-
one-story bay that services the upstairs offices.                                       tics are intact and it is truly the anchor property in the historic district. It was used
This building is representative of streamlined 20th                                     as a tire produc-
century designs of the 1920s and 1930s.                                                 tion and ware-
                                                                                        house       facility
                                                                                        through       2004.
                                                                                        With the advent
                                                                                        of the Landing
                                                                                        and Three Mile
                                                                                        Creek parkways
                                                                                        and the City's
                                                                                        reclaiming       the
                                                                                        public property
                                                                                        around the block,
                                                                                        the tire operations
                                                                                        are being moved
                                                                                        into one of the
                                                                                        city's industrial

                                        14                                                                                        83
Historical Industrial District                                                        Hollywood Theatre
                                                                                      500 Delaware
Welcome to Leavenworth's Historical Industrial District. This is a fine example       1937
of an intact 19th century industrial, manufacturing and warehousing center. Its       National Register
wealth in coal, beer, metallurgy contributed to its success. Our natural resources    Property 1989
and location on the Missouri River are perhaps our greatest asset. Leavenworth's
early history as last vestige of civilization before wagon trains headed west made    This two-and-one-half-story, concrete
Leavenworth a powerful place for industry to flourish, and she grew from a few        building represents the Art Deco archi-
hundred people in 1854 to over 5,000 by the time Abraham Lincoln announced            tectural style of the 1920s-1930s. The
his candidacy for President, here, in 1859.                                           central vertical definition on the build-
                                                                                      ing's symmetrical south elevation
The buildings in this district speak volumes of the city's early importance to the    emphasizes the marquee-entry area.
young nation's westward expansion. The district is bound on the east by the           The marquee shelters two recessed
Missouri, on the south by Three Mile Creek (3MC) and follows an irregular             entries and the ticket booth. The City
boundary from Third Street to Cherokee Street There are seven contributing            Seal was painted in the recessed circle
buildings and one contributing feature (a brick alleyway mid block between            which was originally painted pink and
Choctaw and Cherokee streets which retains its original integrity and provides a      green. Small shop areas on either side have recessed entries and display windows.
glimpse of the brick streets buried under the City's asphalt). There are no non-      This is used as the city's Performing Arts Center and is one of a handful of art
contributing structures in the district although several unsafe structures were       deco theaters left in the state. It was placed on the Kansas Register of Historic
removed, and the vacated lots are used for parking.                                   Places in 1985 and had to wait two years before it was qualified for submission
                                                                                      to the National Register. This is one of only two buildings downtown that were
S. L. North Carriage & Buggy, Freighting (Russell, Majors & Waddell), Munson          on the National Register prior to submission of the district.
& Burrows Wood Manufacturing, Leavenworth Steam Boilerworks, Brandon &
Kirrmeyer Soda (pop), Keystone Mills, Missouri Valley Bridge, Leavenworth             Yum Block
Carpet, Brown Medicine & Manufacturing, Union Stove and above all Malson &            213-223 S. Fifth Street
Wilson (later Great Western) flourished in the state's first industrial park in the   c. 1880
1860's and 70's. By 1865, the town was the largest in the region with over 20,000
people. As with so much of Leavenworth's built heritage downtown, buildings           The building's primary façade faces
were lost to fire, tornado and neglect making preservation of what remains, so        west and contains five storefronts. It
much more important today.                                                            had been covered with tin siding for
                                                                                      over 30 years. In 2001, a storm tore
                                                                                      off pieces of the metal exterior sid-
                                                                                      ing creating a public safety hazard.
                                                                                      The property owners initially sought
                                                                                      to replace the metal with a seamless
                                                                                      aluminum siding, but the local land-
                                                                                      marks board successfully negotiated a tuckpoint and painting alternative, which
                                                                                      the owners accepted…and saved almost $50,000 in cost differential when local
                                                                                      tax incentives and grants were factored into the price. The building contributes
                                                                                      to the district more so because of its mass than its detail.

                                       82                                                                                   15
430 Delaware                                                                          Angell House
1921                                                                                  714 South Broadway
This two-story commer-
cial building with a tem-                                                             The Andrew Jackson Angell House was built between 1883-85 by James
ple front, gray Indiana                                                               McGonigle, who also built the Veterans Affairs Center and many other structures
limestone and Neo-                                                                    throughout the state. The Kansas City Star once called this home "the most
Classical features corner                                                             authentically restored historical house in the state of Kansas," and it possesses
piers with classical detail-                                                          great architectural significance. Situated on over six acres, this Queen Anne-style
ing and columns with                                                                  brick home has a total of 88 windows, 48 of which are stained and leaded glass.
Corinthian capitals and                                                               In the front of the house is the original iron fence atop its stone wall. In the rear
low, square plinths sup-                                                              of the property is the 2,750 square-foot carriage house, which once housed ser-
port a wide entablature and pediment. The design of the pediment incorporates         vants and horses.
dentils. Wrought iron fencing inhibits passage to the centralized entry.
                                                                                      The interior of the home is perhaps even more impressive than the outside. The
Corner Pharmacy                                                                       front entry hall has two foyers, with solid cherry woodwork and floors of quar-
(AXA Building)                                                                        ter-sawn oak with walnut and maple parquetry. Its original wallpaper had a wood
429 Delaware                                                                          backing and was known as Lincrusta Walton. The ornate staircase is made of
1905                                                                                  cherry, with a bridal balcony overlooking the stairs. Each room has its unique
National Register                                                                     cherry, oak, maple, fir, or combinations thereof, with special carvings. The third
Property 1976                                                                         floor has 1,700 square feet, and originally served as a ballroom/studio and ladies
                                                                                      meeting and sewing rooms. Parquet floors, leaded glass windows, and embossed
This two-and-one-half-story, sym-                                                     brass are found throughout the house. The nine coal fireplaces have been con-
metrically massed, red-and-tan brick                                                  verted to gas.
building has an eclectic combination
of stylistic ornamentation. Classical                                                 A. J. Angell came to Kansas prior to the Civil War, and served in Company G, 1st
terra-cotta ornamentation decorates                                                   Kansas Volunteer Infantry during the war. In 1870, he purchased Cutts Lumber
the wide arch surrounding the main                                                    Company and renamed it
west side entrance. Upper elevation                                                   after himself. By 1883 he
windows are slanted bays with                                                         was making over $100,000
bracketed, arched hoods, or are rec-                                                  annually from this busi-
tangular openings with contrasting                                                    ness. His ownership of a
brick surrounds and cornices with                                                     successful lumber compa-
elaborate keystones. Contrasting                                                      ny explains the great vari-
brick also creates quoins on all of the building's corners. The upper half story      ety and quality of woods
forms an entablature punctuated by regularly spaced windows between paired            within      the      home.
scroll brackets that support a molded cornice. Dentils follow the upper line of the   Unfortunately, Mr. Angell
entablature. This is Leavenworth's fanciest downtown building and currently           died a scant three months
houses the Corner Pharmacy and old-fashioned soda fountain.                           after moving into the house
                                                                                      in 1885 from tuberculosis.

                                       16                                                                                     81
Leavenworth Public Library                                                               427 Delaware
(Carnegie Library)                                                                       c. 1905
601 South 5th Street
1902                                                                                     This two-story, symmetrical, dark-red brick building is an example of early 20th
                                                                                         century Revival and Colonial Revival design idioms. On the classically designed
When the Leavenworth Public Library                                                      upper façade, brick piers frame a single bay and extend above the parapet to form
opened on May 1, 1902, it was the cul-                                                   posts for a wrought iron balustrade. A wide entablature and decorative cornice
mination of numerous literary efforts in                                                 complete the elevation's design. Despite modern renovation, the building's mass
the community over the previous forty-                                                   is important to the district.
one years. In 1861, Leavenworth estab-
lished the first public library in Kansas,                                               Dollar General
yet in 1868 the city's library was con-                                                  421-423 Delaware
sumed in the fire that destroyed most of                                                 1914
the business district. The Whittier Club
organized the Leavenworth Free Public Library in 1895, and it opened a library           This three-story, symmetrical brick
in a downtown building. In 1899, Leavenworth voted a tax levy for a public               building has classical terra-cotta
library. Women's clubs raised $3,000 and steel magnate Andrew Carnegie con-              ornamentation.       The storefront
tributed $30,000 toward the construction of a new library. This library served the       housed F.W. Woolworth Co. and fea-
city for eighty-four years, until in 1986 construction began on the new library on       tures a recessed entry with classical
Spruce Street. This impressive edifice was built of gray brick and Bedford stone..       ornamented surrounds. The Masonic
It has two Ionic columns on either side of the door with a portico and wide stairs,      Block includes another small shop
flanked by square columns leading to the entrance. The entablature has the build-        with a recessed entry. Brick pillars
ing date in Roman numerals and "Public Library" inscribed, and a pediment with           separate the upper story bays. The
a sculpted flame, open book, and foliage ornament in the center. The portico has         brick pillars and the spandrels below the windows have terra-cotta tiles. A dentil
cornice molding and dentils, and all ornamentation is of terra cotta. The lot is         course, brackets, an elaborate molded cornice, and ornamented parapet cap the
naturally elevated, and the structure dominates its surroundings. It is an outstand-     building. This property has retained its architectural elements representative of
ing example of Classical Revival-style architecture at the turn of the century.          period style with a high degree of integrity.

Initially, the first floor was for the books, and the second floor contained an audi-    417 Delaware
torium/club room. Prominent interior features include plaster work of bead edg-          1870
ing on arches; walnut woodwork on the columns, fireplace mantel and surround,
and window frames; and the front winding staircase. There were approximately             This three-story, three-bay, symmetrical-painted brick building exhibits Italianate
sixty Carnegie libraries built in Kansas between 1900-1916. This was among the           ornamentation above its remodeled storefront. A 1930 alteration changed the
first in the state and is a fine example of a surviving Carnegie Library. It is sig-     original storefront configuration to a deeply recessed entry flanked by display
nificant for its visual integrity and its association with the philanthropist who pro-   windows. A temporary panel runs above the storefront openings to the sills of the
vided most of the building funds. Its siting on high ground at 5th and Walnut            second-story windows covering the transom area. The third story windows have
Streets add to its historical and architectural appeal. While modifications have         a full arch and the arched window hoods have keystones. The building terminates
been made to the interior, most of the original architecture has been maintained.        with a paneled entablature, elaborate brackets, corbelling, and a projecting mold-
Since 1987, the structure has housed the Carnegie Arts Center.                           ed cornice. With the exception of some minor storefront alterations, the building
                                                                                         retains a high degree of integrity.

                                         80                                                                                     17
414 Delaware                                                                          Davis House
c. 1940                                                                               610 Olive Street
                                                                                      Late 19th Century
This two-story, buff-brick
building contains a grouping                                                          This late 19th Century two-
of four, tall, aluminum,                                                              story frame Victorian-era
stacked vent awning win-                                                              house has an asphalt-shingled
dows. The first story is com-                                                         front-gable roof. A west side
prised of storefront win-                                                             wing has a one-story bay win-
dows. The west section                                                                dow with decorative metal
retains its original, curved glass recessed storefront surrounded by Carrara glass.   cresting and, on the roof
                                                                                      above, a steep decorative
                                               Dix Office Supply                      gable with Gothic Revival-
                                               409-413 Delaware                       style influence. On the east
                                               c. 1900                                side is a two-story bay win-
                                                                                      dow with tall windows on the first story. Other features include a stone founda-
                                               This three-story building lost its     tion, interior and exterior brick chimneys, and a one-story rear wing. A two-story
                                               original cast-iron window hoods; a     carriage house is a contributing structure to the district. It abuts the Harvey
                                               recent restoration replicated them     Carriage House.
                                               in paint. The two-over-two light,
                                               double-hung sash windows are           For many years, this was the home of the Davis family. Mr. Homer Davis was a
                                               original. Applied brick pilasters      prominent lawyer who was very active in local organizations and politics.
                                               rise past the cornice to a finial.     Currently, his son, Judge Bob Davis, is a member of the Kansas Supreme Court.
                                               Signage panels cover the original
                                               transom windows. The modern                                                          Farrell House
                                               storefronts retain the original cast                                                 608 Olive Street
                                               iron posts. This building compli-
                                               ments the Masonic block.                                                             This two-story home is identified
                                                                                                                                    as the William H. Farrell House in
412 & 408 Delaware                                                                                                                  an      1869      illustration    of
c. 1910                                                                                                                             Leavenworth. Farrell first appears
                                                                                                                                    as a resident of Olive Street in an
These two-story, buff-brick buildings have been modernized with wood panels                                                         1872 directory and soon after is
over the original transoms and aluminum and glass storefronts and canopy style                                                      listed as the occupant of 608 Olive.
awnings. The retained, original architectural elements are sufficient to communi-
cate the building's original design, feelings and associations despite the 1980s
renovations. Twenty years from now, they might qualify as historic to their era,
but the modernization efforts are reversible.

                                       18                                                                                    79
carriage house is now home to                                                                                                           400-402 Delaware
the       National      Carousel                                                                                                        1860, 1905
Association. The property was
listed on the National Register of                                                                                                    This two-story building is one
Historic Places in 1977 and                                                                                                           of the downtown's original
serves as the paramount structure                                                                                                     grand commercial properties.
in the district.                                                                                                                      It once housed Russell, Majors
                                                                                                                                      and Waddell, the outfitters who
Several sources point to 1869 as                                                                                                      later became the postal con-
the date of construction for this                                                                                                     tractor that created the Pony
house, which was built for                                                                                                            Express (albeit in St. Joseph,
banker and real estate broker                                                                                                         Missouri). Prior to its use as a
Alexander A. Higginbotham.                                                                                                            title company, it was the
The property's second owner was                                                                                                       Manufacturers State Bank
Harvey D. Rush, who controlled                                                     (Commerce Bank today). The primary façade (south) ground floor has two
local flourmills and coal mines                                                    entrances. The eastern entrance contains a 1905 Colonial Revival style entry.
and is said to have operated one                                                   The eastern entry is a modern storefront. The fenestration and ornamentation on
of the largest grain elevators in                                                  the east elevation (Fourth Street) is similar to that of the south elevation. The
the West. Rush sold the house to                                                   early 20th century remodeled (eastern) storefront represents a historical "modern-
Frederick H. Harvey in 1883 who                                                    ization" characteristic of retail commercial centers at the turn-of-the-century.
made it the family home until the                                                  Despite the replacement of some of the window sashes, this building retains a
1940s.                                                                             high degree of architectural integrity.

Harvey (1835-1901), a native of England, was appointed as western freight agent    600 Block Cherokee
for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad in 1863 and came to
Leavenworth in 1865. Harvey grew dissatisfied with the poor quality of railroad    The 600 Block of Cherokee Street was included in this district because the cen-
dining facilities and in the 1870s he began to purchase and operate restaurants.   ter structures (604-612) are an intact 1880s block of buildings. The carnival
This was the origin of the Harvey House chain of restaurants which were located    style, Spanish Colonial gas station on the west end of the block is a 1930s infill,
along the line of the Santa Fe Railroad and which established a national reputa-   a style that is vanishing from the country's landscape. Although this was proba-
tion for quality fare and service. The chain eventually operated 50 Fred Harvey    bly not the first gas station built to serve motorists, it is the oldest remaining such
Houses and 20 dining cars. The restaurants were staffed over the years by thou-    structure from that early era.
sands of demure and immaculately dressed Harvey Girls who themselves became
fixtures in Western lore and motion pictures.

Fred Harvey's widow and daughter Sybil lived in the house after his death. In
1944, the house was given to Cushing Memorial Hospital for use as a nurse's
home and in 1949 it was transferred to the Leavenworth Board of Education for
use as administrative offices. The Leavenworth Historical Museum Association
now owns the Harvey House and is the process of renovating the building and
then converting it to a museum.

                                      78                                                                                    19
604-606 Cherokee                                                                       Sybil Harvey House
1887                                                                                   625 Olive Street
The Oasis Café is currently idle but
the owner restored the building for the                                                This two-story house, which com-
restaurant with apartments on the                                                      bines Queen Anne, Romanesque,
upper level. This two-story, symmet-                                                   and Classical Revival stylistic
rically massed, red-brick commercial                                                   attributes, is constructed of
block has elaborate Italianate orna-                                                   smooth         brick.      Famed
mentation and multiple storefront                                                      Leavenworth architect William P.
bays. Huge brackets support the cor-                                                   Feth designed the house for the
nice and hood. All of the important                                                    Harvey family, who resided
character-defining architectural fea-                                                  across the street. Mr. Harvey ini-
tures and ornamentation remain. Originally constructed as the Cleverdon Drug           tiated construction of this house
Company, the building has also housed the BPOEOW, known locally as the                 for     his    daughter     Sybil.
Black Elks, before its conversion to a restaurant in the early 1990s.                  Unfortunately he passed away in
                                                                                       1901 before the house was com-
610-614 Cherokee                                                                       pleted.
                                                                                       Sybil Harvey may have lived in the home for a short period, but she eventually
The size, scale, massing, much of the original material, setting, and association      lived with her mother at the 624 Olive address. After her mother died, Sybil
with their era help these two buildings contribute to the district.                    remained in the home even after her marriage to banker Sylvester Parker in the
                                                                                       1920s. In 1927 the house was sold to Henry Kaufmann, who operated a grocery
                                                630 Cherokee                           in the neighborhood.
                                                                                       Frederick H. Harvey House
                                                This one-story, asymmetrically         624 Olive Street
                                                massed, brick curved "L" plan          1869
                                                building is on a corner lot at 7th
                                                and Cherokee Streets. It is one of     This two-story stone house is a premiere example of the Second Empire Style in
                                                the few surviving examples of the      Leavenworth and is nationally notable for its association with restaurant pioneer
                                                "carnival" style of early auto-serv-   Frederick H. Harvey, the first "chain" restaurateur in the western half of the
                                                ice stations. Terra-cotta pilasters    United States. The impressive architectural detail and cream-colored Junction
                                                topped with urn-shaped ornamen-        City limestone walls rise above a foundation of lighter colored stone. The build-
                                                tation separate the three service      ing boasts flamboyant masonry detail at the corners, roof and windows.
bays. The south end wall has arched, recessed garage door entrances with over-
head, incised lettering detailing the gas station services offered. This property      Bands of buff-colored brickwork mark or fill the points of attachment for porch-
has had no exterior alterations over time.                                             es that formerly extended across the front elevation and the west side. The
                                                                                       grounds preserve many historic and later features. Low stone retaining walls
                                                                                       topped by iron fences extend along Seventh and Olive streets and the two-story

                                        20                                                                                   77
Callahan House                                                                        700 Cherokee
802 South 7th Street                                                                  1865
                                                                                      Originally built as a grocery store, this three-story brick building was also the
This two-story frame Colonial Revival-style house was built by Drugstore owner        Burlington Hotel and it recently reopened as the Market Place Bakery. It is one
J. H. Callahan in 1922. His architect was Myron K. Feth of the Leavenworth firm       of a handful of three-story buildings remaining in the Central Business District,
Feth & Feth and his builder was Henry Grote. Callahan's pharmacy was located          and it is one of the original downtown buildings.
nearby at 900 Fifth Avenue. The house is built on fill over a sunken area that is
said to have once had tennis courts. In 1889 several small buildings including a
meat market and a feed store stood on the lot.                                        702 Cherokee
Knapp House
720 South 7th Street                                                                  This two-story, red-brick building reflects popular late 19th century commercial
1900                                                                                  design idioms. A wood-frame storefront within the façade's brick framework also
                                                                                      features iron storefront posts. On the second story, slightly arched, four-over-four
                                                   This structure is one of the       light, double-hung sash windows have stone sills and soldier course brick
                                                   finest residential properties in   “hoods.” Brick stringcourses and dentils decorate the parapet wall. This build-
                                                   Leavenworth. The two-story         ing retains sufficient integrity to be a contributing resource to the District. It
                                                   Queen Anne/Romanesque-style        houses a European pottery store.
                                                   house of smooth brick construc-
                                                   tion has an asphalt-shingled hip                                             Abierto Puerto
                                                   roof with pediment gable dorm-                                               704 Cherokee
                                                   ers and fish scale wood-shingle                                              1897
                                                   sheathing, battered sides, and
                                                   shield-like ornaments and dentil                                          This two-story, brick commercial build-
                                                   moldings in the pediments. The                                            ing features Jacobethan Revival-style
                                                   exterior has several types of                                             details - steeply pitched parapet-front
                                                   decorative brickwork including                                            gables, polychrome coat of arms orna-
                                                   banded, projecting brick below                                            mentation in the gables flanked by verti-
the level of the first-story windows on the south elevation, a rectangular spandrel                                          cal pilasters, cast stone trim, and tall,
with multiple recesses between the first and second-story windows. At the north-                                             narrow, paired windows. Suspended
east front comer, sits two-story bay window with round comer piers and a large                                               brick pilasters pierce a stone cornice and
first-story window with decorative upper sash. Other features include a stone                                                terminate just below the roofline with
foundation, an interior brick chimney with a T-shaped cross section, cut-away                                                small stone pediments. Centered above
front comers and a second-story balcony on the south elevation. Attached to the       each paired window opening are two gable dormers that project above the
north side of the house is a 1990s two-story wing (the second story on level with     roofline. Originally Ressmeyer's Grocery, it is presently owned by a retail import
the first story of the house) that harmonizes with the house architecturally.         business.
Chauncey L. Knapp was the founder and owner of C. L. Knapp & Co. The pres-
ent house was probably built about 1900 and is similar to period designs by
Leavenworth architect William P. Feth.

                                       76                                                                                     21
Insley House &                                                                         900 Fourth Avenue
Outbuildings                                                                           1870
602 Seneca Street
C. 1860                                                                                This two-story frame Victorian-era
                                                                                       house has weatherboard siding and
The original brick structure at                                                        an asphalt-shingled hip roof with a
this location was built in the                                                         small shed dormer and a cornice
late 1850s. Major additions                                                            that incorporates dentil moldings
were made to the house in                                                              and modillion-like elements. The
1865-66. Quite possibly, many                                                          front entry has sidelights and a tran-
of the materials used were left                                                        som in a paneled embrasure. Other
over from the construction of                                                          features include a stone foundation,
the impressive Thomas C.                                                               interior brick chimneys, side entries, and tall (to floor) windows on the first-story
Stevens home on South Esplanade, which occupied the grounds between Arch               front. The house appears on the 1876 Hunnius map and on the 1889 Sanborn
and Vine Streets. In 1883, interior changes were made to accommodate plumb-            map, although a rear one-story section was enlarged to two stories between 1889
ing, for this was the first year it was available in the city. The home evolved into   and 1897.
an Italianate style, and it is probably the best surviving example in Leavenworth
of this style of architecture.                                                                                                        700 Spruce Street
                                                                                                                                      Late 1900s,
The Insley House has solid brick interior walls, which are substantial for an early                                                   mid-late 20th Century
building. It is a two-story structure with a stone foundation and a truncated hip
roof. The home faces south and has three bays, and an arched doorway contains                                                       This one-and-two-story commercial
an etched glass transom with the address number. The frame porch on the east is                                                     building evolved as the result of
of Italianate design. Side lights and a transom surround the door on the east side,                                                 two or more phases of construction
which was the main entrance until the 1866 alterations. All windows from the                                                        spanning the final quarter of the
1866 addition are double hung, solid plate glass units. Upper story windows have                                                    19th Century and was architectural-
molded surrounds, semi-circular arched hoods, and keystones while first story                                                       ly unified by a single façade treat-
windows have molded surrounds and segmental arch hoods. An 1883 fountain                                                            ment towards the end of its evolu-
built on the northeast corner of the property no longer exists, although the origi-                                                 tion. The two-story sections along
nal c. 1866 brick outhouse is north of the property on the alley. West of the home     South Seventh Street have stretcher-bond brickwork and metal-sheathed shed
and to the rear of the property is a c. 1874-75 carriage house. Brick sidewalks        roofs behind parapets. The principal elevation along South Seventh, which wraps
and a wrought iron fence surround the property on the east and south sides. In         a short distance along Spruce Street, has a parapet that incorporates brick cor-
1863 entrepreneur and banker John Kerr bought the house for $1,500, and he             belling and cross-shaped recesses below a fringed wooden cornice with a canted
completed the major addition to the home in 1866. Later that year, Merritt H.          frieze with an incised scrolling design. The two-story sections of the building
Insley, an entrepreneur and financier in town, bought the property for $20,000.        appear in their present form on the 1889 Sanborn map. A grocery occupied the
Captain Insley was a partner in the banking firm of Insley, Shire and Company,         south end and a meat market the north end. Porches or awnings formerly extend-
and treasurer of the Missouri River Bridge Company and the Leavenworth Cattle          ed into Spruce and Fifth streets. The one-story additions were made to the west
Company. In 1894 Insley's investments turned sour in the depressed economic            side between 1889 and 1897; the north addition contained a grocery warehouse.
climate in the late 19th century, and he sold the property.                            A retail store occupied the building in 1924 and 1949. Currently, the building is
                                                                                       used as apartments.

                                        22                                                                                     75
Hose House No. 2                                                                      Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe
903 Fifth Avenue                                                                      Railroad Passenger Depot
Late 19th Century                                                                     (Santa Fe Depot)
                                                                                      781 Shawnee Street
This two-story structure was originally                                               1887
Hose House No. 2 and the original vehicles
were horse drawn. In 1905 it was labeled                                              This structure was built in 1887 as a passenger and freight depot, possibly by J.A.
Fire Department No. 2 and housed the city's                                           McGonigle, a prominent Leavenworth builder. It was located west of the city's
first "hook & ladder truck." The fire depart-                                         central business district, and near the north-south lines built in the 1870s for the
ment vacated the building in 1973. A local                                            Leavenworth, Lawrence, and Galveston Railroad Company. It served as a pas-
dry cleaning firm occupied the structure                                              senger depot for the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe and as a station for the Fort
until the current owners acquired it. It is                                           Leavenworth/Kansas City Interurban Railway until the early 1930s. It was then
currently used as an electrical supply store.                                         converted to a freight depot, and an addition on the south elevation was construct-
                                                                                      ed at that time.
                           Fields Building
                           901 Fifth Avenue                                           The architectural style of this pink sandstone building is Richardsonian
                           Circa 1880, 1930                                           Romanesque. It is 1 ½ stories tall, and is located on the east side of two pairs of
                                                                                      tracks. The primary façade faces west and has a circular bay with a conical roof,
                            This two-story commercial building was built in 1880.     which was a room for the station master. The hip roof has three gable projections,
                            An 1889 map identifies the building as a grocery store,   which on the north and east sides shelter entry arcades. On the interior, separate
                            a confectionery shop in 1897, a barbershop in 1905        waiting rooms were built for men and women.
                            and a stationery shop in 1913. It once contained the
                            Fields family drugstore. The tile-block addition was      The depot is culturally significant, and maintains a high degree of integrity. The
                            made between 1924 and 1949 and was used as a              original configura-
                            church in 1949. In the 1960s the building housed          tion and architec-
                            Clark's Cleaners, which expanded into the adjoining       tural     elements
fire station at 903 Fifth Avenue in 1973 and connected the two buildings with a       remain intact. In
small cinder block hyphen. The present owners acquired the building and               1982 it ceased
restored it using a photograph as their principal source. The restoration won an      operation as a
award from the Kansas Preservation Alliance in 1999. It is currently a gift shop.     freight depot, and
                                                                                      was bought by a
Callahan Building                                                                     private investor.
900 Fifth Avenue                                                                      The depot has
1940                                                                                  been used since
                                                                                      then primarily as a
This two-story commercial building of smooth brick construction was built by J.       restaurant.      In
H. Callahan, who lived nearby at 802 South Seventh and operated a pharmacy            1986, it was added
here in the early 20th Century. The building also once contained the Putnam Drug      to the National
Store. Currently, a jewelry store occupies this structure and operates as Lloyds      Register         of
of Leavenworth.                                                                       Historic Places.

                                       74                                                                                     23
North Broadway Historic District                                                        Union Park Historic District

North Broadway Historic District contains some of Leavenworth's earliest man-           The Union Park Historic District occupies approximately six acres just south of
sions anchored by St. Joseph's Catholic Church, the German parish built in an era       the central business district. Its shape clearly marks this landscaped park as a
when segregation was not limited to races but included nationalities. Immaculate        unique, attractive showpiece for the city. The district straddles two subdivisions
Conception (to the north and east) served the Italians, to the south and central, St.   platted in 1857, the Clark and Rees Addition and Day's Addition, platted only
Casmir served the Poles, and Sacred Heart served the rest, and that was just the        three years after the founding of the original town in 1854. The unusual shape is
Catholic faiths. The District is in the city's 1858 Western Addition with North         attributed to a survey correction to properly align 7th Street north to south
Broadway Street serving as the main boulevard in the middle of the subdivision.         because the original town plat was surveyed parallel to the Missouri River rather
Broadway Street is also in the center of the district. Developer Elijah Hughes          than on a magnetic north grid. The result was a triangle-shaped parcel. In
intended for Broadway to be mansion-lined with smaller houses to be built on            December 1870, local citizens dedicated this parcel "for a Public Park for the use
smaller lots on the cross streets (Miami, Osage and Ottawa). By 1865, when the          of the Public forever." Eventually, the park became known as Union Park.
majority of the grand homes were built here, Leavenworth had five local brick-          Though we are uncertain as to its origin, the park's name "Union" was common-
yards, the Phoenix Foundry, a cast iron manufacturer, granite and limestone quar-       ly applied to public and commercial structures to commemorate the victory of
ries, and lumber in abundance. These resources enabled Leavenworth to build             Union forces in the American Civil War. Leavenworth was home to several union
considerable structures at a time in the state's early history when many settlers       veteran organizations, which probably influenced the widespread acceptance of
lived in sod huts.                                                                      the park's name.

St. Joseph’s Church with its Gothic inspired details was designed and built by          In the 1880s, a fountain, fence and trees were added to enhance the park. In the
Cyril Knoll, a Carmelite Father, who then received the parish in 1864 (a common         late 1990s, the park began to seriously deteriorate until it became obvious that a
practice). High style Italianate, Queen Anne, Romanesque and Victorian styles           major effort was necessary to save and rehabilitate this piece of Leavenworth his-
are noted in the ensuing descriptions.                                                  tory. In 1997, interest in the park gained momentum. A significant volunteer
                                                                                        effort returned the park to its former beauty and place among Leavenworth's
This seven acre, compact district is important because its 39 contributing struc-       many attractions. Members from the Master Gardener program planted and
tures retain their integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship       revived the park's landscape. A replica fountain along with period-style lamps
and association with their era of construction.                                         completed the work; this allowed the city to re-dedicate the park in 1999 helped
                                                                                        by a grant from the Kansas City 150th anniversary fund.
Fred C. Schulte House
201 North Broadway                                                                      The Union Park Historic District possesses a high degree of integrity both over-
c. 1930                                                                                 all and in its constituent parts. There are 11 featured structures or sites in the dis-
                                                                                        trict. The majority was built to serve as single-family dwellings, but also include
This two-story frame Colonial                                                           businesses, a firehouse, carriage houses and the park itself. Today, most structures
Revival-style house has a rough                                                         are single family homes. The houses represent a variety of styles including
stucco exterior on the first                                                            Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Victorian, Romanesque, Craftsman,
story, wood-shingle siding on                                                           Classical Revival, and Colonial Revival. These vivid architectural representa-
the jettied second story, and a                                                         tives create a sense of time and community for the district and contribute to the
gable roof. The front entry has a 19th Century Greek Revival surround with side-        rich legacy of early Leavenworth, the "First City of Kansas.”
lights, a transom, and pilasters with a checkered design on their faces (the sur-
round may have been reused from another dwelling). Exterior chimneys of tex-
tured variegated brick rise on the south gable end and the end of a two-story ell.

                                        24                                                                                       73
Carroll Mansion                                                                       Martin House
1128 5th Avenue                                                                       217 North Broadway
c. 1857                                                                               c. 1888

The first section of this                                                             This      story-and-a-half       frame
house was built c. 1857,                                                              Victorian-era house of L-shaped form
and it was a two-story,                                                               with a front portch has vernacular
four room, frame house                                                                classical colonnettes and square-sec-
with a one-story rear                                                                 tion balusters. Other features include
kitchen wing. In about                                                                a bay window on the south side and a
1867,     owner       John                                                            one-story rear wing. The house
McCullough Foster built                                                               appears in its present form on the
a two-story, eight room                                                               1889 Sanborn map.
addition to the front
wing. It was constructed                                                                                                            Apartment Buildings
of brick in the Italianate                                                                                                          219, 221, 223 North
style, and he also                                                                                                                  Broadway &
enclosed the original frame dwelling in brick. In 1882 the farm and property                                                        767, 769 Miami
were sold to banker Lucien Scott and his wife Julia. They added the north wing,                                                     Late 1920s
cupolas on the roofs, the front and other frame porches, and installed plumbing
and gas lighting at a cost of approximately $50,000. The architectural style of the                                                 These two-story frame Craftsman-
home is Victorian, with Italianate influences still evident. The roof shapes                                                        style apartment buildings have
include hip, truncated hip, octagonal hip, and gable forms, and both roof projec-                                                   weatherboard siding and a hip roof
tions have iron fretwork. An upper story porch is centered above the wrap around                                                    with exposed rafter ends and a
porch in the south side. Almost all the windows have modified arch openings                                                         gabled dormer. There are double
with brick lintels and stone sills. Windows in the c. 1857 structure are 6/6, while                                                 two-tier front porches under hip
the others are mullionless. The foundation is stone, and of the four chimneys,                                                      roofs with modern posts and square-
only one is decorated and in full public view. Oak double entry doors open into       section balusters on the lower tiers and original square-section wood columns and
a vestibule also with double doors and stained glass windows.                         square-section balusters on the upper tiers. The buildings were built as in-fill
                                                                                      apartment buildings and have been used for this purpose ever since.
George McKenna, Lucien Scott's architect, carved the beautiful and intricate
woodcarvings for the window and door facings in the parlor, foyer, library, and       Garden
dining room. Other interior additions made by Scott include parquet floors,           300 North Broadway
extensive wainscoting, ornamental woodwork, and many stained glass windows.
                                                                                      This garden, occupies the corner of Miami and North Broadway. The garden has
In c. 1888 Edward Carroll, later President of the Leavenworth National Bank,          a sandstone flagstone walkway, flower beds, and ornamental shrubs. There is an
purchased the property. He lived here until his death in 1917. In 1965 his daugh-     ivy-covered grotto of rough sandstone construction that contains a Madonna and
ter, Miss Ella, donated the house to the Leavenworth County Historical Society.       Child statue in a niche (1940 era) and a boulder to which is attached a
It is now the headquarters of the Historical Society, and can be visited for a mod-   Leavenworth County Historical Society plaque. The garden has historically been
est admission charge.                                                                 associated with St. Joseph’s Catholic Church and priory.

                                       72                                                                                      25
St. Joseph Catholic                                                                  Burt House
Church                                                                               400 5th Avenue
306 North Broadway                                                                   (1200 5th Avenue)
1868, 1891                                                                           c. 1895

St. Joseph's is a significant                                                        In c. 1895, Nathaniel
anchor near the south end of the                                                     Henry Burt purchased this
district. This Gothic Revival-                                                       property from the estate of
style nave-plan church is con-                                                       Edward Carroll, who had
structed of random-course                                                            lived just to the north, for
American-bond brick with pink                                                        $5000.         Well-known
mortar joints and has a hip/gable roof with flared eaves. The dominant element       architect William P. Feth
is a center entry tower with a metal-sheathed octagonal spire with a cross finial    was hired for the design
above a belfry with clock. Below the belfry is a trefoil-arched niche with stone     work. This structure is
trim, a large lancet-arched stained-glass window in a splayed opening with a         representative of the
stone keystone and sill, and, at the base of the tower, a lancet-arched entry with   architecture in the last decade of the 19th century. Constructed of dark red-brown
a painted molded stone surround. The corner piers of the church and tower proj-      brick with a rough-cut stone foundation, this two-and-one-half story house has
ect above the roof eaves and have pyramidal caps. The church and tower have          three bays and rounded corners on the front. The roof includes truncated hip,
cornices with a band of machicolation-like blind lancet arches. At the east end of   gable, and conical forms. The rectangular window openings have double hung
the nave is a polygonal apse and lower flanking hipped wings. The church is          units and smooth cut stone lintels and sills. The end bays of the first elevation
attached to St. Joseph's school, added in 1891 with Gothic Revival features          have one story, Colonial Revival porches attached, connected by a balustrade
designed to match the main structure.                                                wrapping around the circular central bay.

                                    Thomas Helmers House                             The interior of this magnificent home boasts oak and maple woodwork; oak
                                    307 North Broadway                               pocket doors leading from the foyer to the living, dining and music rooms; and
                                    c. 1880; c. 1900; 1922                           nine-foot ceilings. The house contains fourteen rooms, 3 ½ bathrooms, five fire-
                                                                                     places, five bedrooms, and from 5000-6000 square feet of living space. The
                                    This two-story Richardson Romanesque-            immense staircase features three large curved stained glass windows. Except for
                                    style house is constructed or faced with         the chandelier in the foyer that came from the Terrace des Italiens ("The Castle")
                                    smooth stretcher-bond brick. An elaborate        when it was torn down in the 1940s, and a few brass wall fixtures from the
                                    front dormer has an arched brick and stone       Rookery at Fort Leavenworth (the oldest home in Kansas), the light fixtures are
                                    parapet with scrolled trim, a heavy keystone,    original to the house.
and a round-arched window that opens onto a balcony with a brick and wood
balustrade. There are two other dormers, both hipped, with round-arched win-         Mr. Burt was the President of the Great Western Stove Company, which by 1880
dows, a round-arched first-story window with projecting brick voussoir-like ele-     was building 25,000 stoves per year. In 1915 he purchased the land to the west
ments in the arch, and an inset one-story porch. The porch was extended (prob-       of the home and built a 1,500 square foot carriage house, which has since been
ably in 1922) by a porte cochere with paired Doric columns on stone pedestals.       converted to living quarters. When he died in 1923, his oldest son Nathaniel Pratt
A one-story sunroom features casement windows. The property includes one of          Burt inherited the home. He lived here until his death in 1960, and in 1962 it left
several extant limestone mounting blocks dotted around Northeast Leavenworth,        the Burt family. This house retains a high degree of historic integrity, and is one
formerly used to mount passengers into carriages.                                    of the most elegant homes in town.

                                       26                                                                                   71
Brewer House                                                                        John & Mary
(Southeast                                                                          Lamber House
corner of Middle                                                                    311 North Broadway
and 5th Avenue)                                                                     1863
c. 1870
                                                                                    This two-story frame Greek
The Brewer House is a                                                               Revival-style house features an
large, two-story, white                                                             entry with sidelights and a transom,
frame house. It was built                                                           and a one-story garage with match-
with an "L" variation,                                                              board doors dating to 1920. Rather
and has a bracketed roof.                                                           than convert a carriage house, the
Built c. 1870 by Judge                                                              garage was built for a horseless car-
Harvey Wellington Ide,                                                              riage.
he sold it to his friend
Judge David Brewer in
1880. It is the associa-                                                                                                      Henry W. Gillett House
tion with this prominent man that primarily gives this home its historic signifi-                                             319 North Broadway
cance.                                                                                                                        1867; 1895

David Josiah Brewer was born in 1837 to missionary parents in Smyrna (now                                                     This two-story Italianate is the oldest
Ismir), Turkey. He graduated from Yale University in 1856, and by 1859 he had                                                 structure in the district. The ornate
arrived in Leavenworth and soon became an accomplished attorney. In 1862 he                                                   bracketed cornice features paired brack-
was elected judge of the probate and criminal courts of Leavenworth County. In                                                ets on foliated corbels, a dentil molding,
1864 he was President of the Leavenworth Board of Education and was elected                                                   a paneled frieze with lozenge motif, and
judge of the district court for the 1st Judicial District of Kansas. From 1870-84                                             a paneled soffit. The front entry has a
he served as an Associate Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court. In 1889                                                        paneled embrasure and double-leaf nat-
President Benjamin Harrison nominated him to serve as an Associate Justice of                                                 ural finish wood doors with round-
the United States Supreme Court, the first man west of the Mississippi to receive                                             arched glass panels. The windows have
this appointment. He served the nation in this capacity until his death from                                                  boldly projecting segmental-arched
apoplexy in 1910. For forty-eight years he was a public servant, all but two of     cast-iron lintels with console-type corbels; those on the front second story have
these years on the bench.                                                           fleur-de-lis crests. The concrete front walk has a brownstone border, near it stand
                                                                                    two stone hitching posts with chamfered corners and iron rings. A brownstone
On constitutional matters he was known as a strict constructionist, believing it    sidewalk flagstone survives at the corner of North Broadway and Osage.
was wrong to amend the Constitution by interpretation. In late 1907, Kansas
Governor S. J. Crawford wrote a letter recommending that Justice Brewer be
nominated for President. He was a dedicated Christian and was extremely active
in the Leavenworth's First Congregational Church. While in Washington, D.C.,
he taught a Bible class in the First Congregational Church there. In 1957,
Leavenworth dedicated the new David J. Brewer School at 17th and Osage
Streets in his honor.

                                      70                                                                                    27
Harry Jenkins House                                                                 Vanderschmidt House
403 North Broadway                                                                  614 Middle Street
c. 1920                                                                             1890s

This        one-story    brick                                                      This two-story frame Victorian-era house with a gable roof has a two-tier front
Craftsman-style bungalow has                                                        porch that features a screened lower tier with Doric columns and square-section
a shed dormer and a hipped                                                          balusters and a partly enclosed, partly screened upper tier. The two-story front
extension that engages the                                                          wing has a round gable window in a decorative surround and a first-story bay
front porch. The house is con-                                                      window with a paneled apron with chamfered surrounds and a picture window
structed of Flemish variant                                                         that replaces the original double windows. The front entry has French doors and
five-course American-bond                                                           a transom. On the east gable end is a one-story bay window with Greek Revival-
brick. The porch has L-section                                                      style pilasters and panels with chamfered surrounds.
brick pillars and a brick half-
wall with stone coping. A partial enclosure has a segmental-arched entry with       Continue on Middle Street one block and you will come to a T-intersection at
sidelights.                                                                         Middle and 5th Avenue that features three National Historic Homes on your driv-
                                                                                    ing tour map. They are the Nathaniel Burt House, the Carroll Mansion, and the
                                         Hillel Samisch House                       home of the first US Supreme Court Justice from Kansas, David Brewer. The
                                         405 North Broadway                         homes are described in the National Register Properties part of this booklet.
                                         c. 1920                                    From there, turn right on to Fifth Avenue and continue to Spruce Street where the
                                                                                    Union Park District begins.
                                         This     two-story      frame    Tudor
                                         Revival/Craftsman-style house has a
                                         stretcher-bond veneer of textured and
                                         variegated brick up to the bottom of the
                                         second-story windows with rough
                                         stucco above. The hip roof has a
                                         hipped dormer and two front gables
                                         with diamond-shaped terra-cotta
                                         accents in the gables. The front entry
opens onto a brick and concrete terrace and has a classical stoop with an arched
roof on consoles above Doric columns.

                                      28                                                                                  69
                                    Labon and Julia Hopkins House                      Jacob & Christiana Gaiser
                                    1132 Third Avenue                                  House
                                    early 1870s                                        406 North Broadway
                                    This two-story Italianate-style brick house has
                                    a hip roof with a bracketed cornice and origi-     This two-story Queen Anne-style
                                    nal or early gabled dormers. The one-story         house of smooth stretcher-bond brick
                                    front porch has chambered posts grouped in         construction has a complex gable roof
                                    twos and threes, a dentil cornice and a roof       with elaborate gable ornament. The
                                    balustrade. The segmental-arched front entry       front gable ornament features a petaled
                                    has sidelights and a transom, and windows are      element with an inner ring of turned
                                    a combination of segmental-arched 2/2 and          spindles, a horizontal run of square-
                                    round-arched 1/1. As you turn right on to          section spindles below, and rake boards
                                    Middle Street you will note the south side of      with decorative appliques. The south
                                    the house features a two-story bay window          gable has a gridwork, a run of turned spindles below, pendant millwork with a
                                    with projecting brick heads over the 2/2 win-      heart motif, a decorative window in the gable itself, and rake boards with deco-
dows of the first story and a bracketed cornice with dentils. To the rear is a lower   rative appliques. The property is bordered by brick sidewalks with pavers in her-
two-story wing with an entry stoop on triangular brackets that may be original.        ringbone and basketweave patterns.

Julia E. Hopkins purchased this site in the early 1870s and evidence suggests she                                                 James & Louise
had the house erected soon thereafter. Julia's husband Labon E. Hopkins was an                                                    Davis House
attorney and city title examiner.                                                                                                 407 North Broadway
                                                                                                                                  c. 1924
601 Middle Street
1865                                                                                                                             This one-story frame house repre-
                                                                                                                                 sents an unusual mix of Mission and
Across the street is a two-story                                                                                                 Tudor Revival-style elements seen in
Victorian-era house of brick                                                                                                     the juxtaposition of a rockfaced
construction. The one-story                                                                                                      stone front gable end (containing the
front porch has chamfered                                                                                                        entry in a round-arched recess) with
posts with molded bases and                                                                                                      a stone and dark brick chimney with
caps, sawn brackets, and a                                                                                                       weatherings, and in the small but-
bracketed cornice. The front                                                                                                     tress-like element at the front south
entry has sidelights and a tran-                                                       corner. Other features include a round-arched window with diamond panes, a
som. An original one-story                                                             hipped dormer, and a telescoping rear wing with a small modern bay window.
brick wing extends across the

                                        68                                                                                   29
W. R VanTuyl House                                                                  Ben Day School
410 North Broadway                                                                  1100 Third Avenue
Late 19th c.                                                                        1920

This two-story from the Late                                                        This      two-story      Tudor
Victorian-period is built of painted                                                Revival-style school brick
seven-course       American-bond                                                    building is basically rectangu-
brick construction has a hip roof                                                   lar in form. Two slightly pro-
with deck and two modern shed                                                       truding bays near the ends of
dormers on the north side. Other                                                    the front elevation have
features include two front entries,                                                 entries in plain stone sur-
a front gable with a pair of round-                                                 rounds below second-story
arched windows with decorative                                                      windows with false metal balcony railings with urn finials. Other front features
brick lintels, and an interior brick                                                include sections of checkered brick and stucco frieze and octagonal stone plaques
chimney.                                                                            in the parapets at both ends.

                                                                                    The school had been known as Third Avenue School for a number of years. It
                                                Sol Cohen House                     served elementary students, then primary, and now early childhood programs;
                                                411 North Broadway                  birth through kindergarten. In 1985, it was renamed Ben Day School. Following
                                                1928                                WWII, Mr. Benjamin Day was a teacher and coach at Lincoln, an all black
                                                                                    school, at that time. In 1970 he was appointed principal of this school, serving
                                               This two-story Tudor Revival-        here until 1978. He was elected the first black mayor of Leavenworth in 1972
                                               style house has a jettied second     and served four consecutive one-year terms (most mayors serve only one term).
                                               story that is entirely false half-
                                               timbered and, below, an entry        1128 Third Avenue
                                               with a wood panel door under a       1868
                                               shallow lancet arch. A one-
story shed-roofed sunroom on the south end appears to have been an open porch       This two-story frame Victorian-era house with weatherboard siding and a hip
originally. The south exterior chimney has decorative brickwork panels.             roof, has a five-bay front elevation. Other features lend support to the 1868 date
                                                                                    given by a wall plaque. The one-story front porch retains an original Gothic-
Daniel & Elizabeth                                                                  inspired frieze incorporating quatrefoil motifs and a balustrade that repeats a
Anthony House                                                                       fleur-de-lis motif. The original porch posts themselves have been replaced with
501 North Broadway                                                                  Craftsman-style posts on brick pedestals. The front entry has an elaborate sur-
c. 1903                                                                             round with turned corner blocks, sidelights, and transoms with a diamond-pattern
                                                                                    under the sidelights are panels with cartouches. The 1/1 windows have molded
This two-story, wood-shingle-sided frame house is Queen Anne-style in charac-       lintels; clusters of three colonettes to a side frame the center second-story win-
ter with Shingle-style and early Craftsman-style influence. The roof has over-      dow.
hanging flared eaves, with elliptical arches over three one-light windows. The
one-story wraparound porch stands on rough stone pillars. The lot is bordered by
a stone retaining wall that was built about the same time as the house, and has

                                       30                                                                                  67
Lucien Baker House                                                                    two carriage houses. A two-story
1036 Third Avenue                                                                     frame carriage house contained an
1883, 1920s                                                                           apartment with a full day room for
                                                                                      use by an employee. A one-story
This two-story Queen Anne-                                                            frame garage is referred to as an
style house has weatherboard                                                          "auto haus." on a 1905 Sanborn
siding and hip-and-gable roof.                                                        map. This may have been the first
The ornamental work in the                                                            "auto haus" built in Leavenworth.
front gable includes a fanfold                                                        The home is an exact replica of an
design. The screened one-story                                                        Atlantic Coast summerhouse
porch has Doric columns,                                                              where the Anthonys vacationed
square-section balusters and newels, and a roof balustrade. The present porch         prior to moving west. Daniel R.
had replaced a wraparound porch (around 1924). There is a one-story bay win-          Anthony, Jr., introduced the 19th
dow on the south side with a roof balustrade.                                         Amendment to the US Constitution, giving women the right to vote.

U.S. Senator Lucien Baker and his wife Mary were the first occupants of this                                                     Allen-Anthony House
house. Baker came to Leavenworth about 1870 to practice law. In 1872 he was                                                      519 North Broadway
elected City Attorney, followed by election to the state Senate in 1892 and serv-                                                c. 1868; c. 1930
ice in the U.S. Senate from 1895-1901. Baker died in 1907 and his widow sold
the house in 1909. In 1910 it was acquired by Fred and Elnora Wulfekuhler, who                                                   This two-story Italianate/Classical
owned the wholesale grocery firm Rohling & Company.                                                                              Revival-style house is constructed of
                                                                                                                                 painted brick and has a hip roof with
517 Marshall Street                                                                                                              a deck with an ornate metal
1920                                                                                                                             balustrade. The bracketed cornice
                                                                                                                                 has a paneled frieze. The corners of
This house is second from the corner. It is a two-story Craftsman-style                                                          the house are defined by stone
,Foursquare-form house with weatherboard siding, hip roof and hipped dormer                                                      quoins, and the segmental-arched
covered with modern fishscale wood-shingle sheathing. The one-story front                                                        windows have boldly defined sur-
porch stands on heavy square-section wood columns. Other features include 8/1                                                    rounds, those on the front with key-
windows, a front entry with sidelights, and a three-part first story front window.                                               stones. The front entry has a segmen-
                                                                                      tal-arched transom covered by a metal grille, and is contained within a surround
519 Marshall Street                                                                   with fluted Corinthian columns and pilasters. The entry opens onto a concrete
1865                                                                                  terrace with stone balusters and paneled piers. On the south elevation is a two-
                                                                                      story Classical Revival-style wing defined by monumental Doric columns. On
This two-story Victorian-era brick house has a one-story wraparound porch with        the north elevation is a bay window with a bell roof, decorative windows, and a
a curved corner. There are segmental-arched 4/4 windows and a front entry with        concrete base with panels ornamented with painted bas-relief figures of a lion,
an elliptical fanlight and double-leaf door. The one-story west side brick wing is    urn, swags, ribbons, and plumage. Next to this feature is a round-arched stained-
either original to the house or a very early addition. The brick carriage house was   glass window. A two-story wing on this elevation has a one-story bay window
built with segmental-arched openings with built-out garage type doors, and star-      below a triple window. Visitors to this home included Susan B. Anthony,
shaped iron tie rod ends.                                                             President William Howard Taft and most recently, Melissa Etheridge. Daniel

                                       66                                                                                   31
Reed Anthony founded The Leavenworth Daily Conservative in 1861, the year           Delahay House
Kansas became a state. As a free stater, Anthony dueled (and killed) pro-slaver     1029 Third Avenue
RC Slatterlee. Later that year he was commissioned a Lieutenant Colonel in the      1859, 1872
Union Army (7th KS Regiment). He was beaten, shot, and was always in the
thick of Leavenworth's early days. His epitaph reads: "He helped to make            This two-story house has a five-bay
Kansas a free state, he fought to save the Union. He was no hypocrite." In his      front, seven-course American-bond
time he was far more important on the local, regional and national platform than    brick walls, gabled roof, and a num-
Buffalo Bill, George Custer or others who became more notable after they left       ber of notable Greek Revival-style
town.                                                                               features. Foremost among these is the
                                                                                    one-story front porch, which stands
Other North Broadway Homes                                                          on tapered round wood columns with
of Historic Interest                                                                rippled surfaces that evoke fluting.
                                                                                    Against the house walls are flat Doric pilasters with the original bases with
Two significant structures near the                                                 rounded-arch panels. The front entry has a Doric surround with a dentil cornice,
North Broadway Historic District are                                                molded jambs, sidelights, and transom. A second story entry directly above is
worth noting. The Ado Hunnius                                                       similar but narrower and leads to the roof balcony.
House at 610 North Broadway is
under reconstruction (2004); Mr.                                                    The house was built by a Kentuckian named James B. Newland in 1859. In 1863
Hunnius was a draftsman, artist and                                                 Mark Delahay, a Republican activist, who is remembered for arranging Abraham
cartographer who created many of                                                    Lincoln's visit to Leavenworth in 1859, purchased it. His wife, Louisiana Hanks
the "Birds' Eye View" maps of area                                                  Delahay was Lincoln's second cousin. Following the death of Mr. Delahay in
communities from 1863 through the                                                   1876, Mrs. Delahay and her younger daughter, Mary, moved into the house at
1880's. The Gothic Revival house                                                    1021 3rd Avenue.
was built for Paul Rohe in 1864.
                                                                                                                       Samuel and Susan                 Atwood
                                    The William Small Memorial Home, 715                                               House
                                    North Broadway, was constructed after the                                          1037 Third Avenue
                                    Spanish American War for the specific phil-                                        1865, 1880s
                                    anthropic purpose of providing a boarding
                                    house for war widows (see William Small                                            This house was begun in 1865 and attained
                                    House, 321 North Esplanade). The home                                              its present form and Queen Anne-style exte-
                                    later served female boarders and eventually                                        rior by 1886. The house has weatherboard
                                    became dilapidated and vacant. Transients                                          siding and hip-and-gable roof. The front
                                    set fire in the main floor of the house in                                         gable is ornate, with intricate gridwork
                                    1983. In 1985 the block was purchased by        including a window with a peaked lintel. On the south side is a two-story ele-
                                    V.B. Greenamyre and was converted to 26         ment with a bay window on the first story and a balcony with a bracketed over-
                                    apartments for senior citizens. It was one of   hang on the second story. While living here, Mr. Atwood served in the Kansas
                                    the country's premiere examples of the use      House of Representatives and in local government. In 1900, Edward H. Connor
                                    of the 1984 Rental Rehabilitation Act pro-      purchased the house. He was chief engineer of Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron
gram to support affordable housing for lower income households.                     Company. He helped to design and build the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.

                                       32                                                                                 65
1021 Third Avenue                                                                        NORTH ESPLANADE HISTORIC DISTRICT
early 1870s
                                                                                         The North Esplanade Historic District was designated as the first historic district
This two-story Italianate-style house is                                                 in the city on December 12, 1977. It consists of fourteen residences and the
of painted brick construction. The one-                                                  North Esplanade Park, stretching four blocks along North Esplanade Street from
story front entry porch has a Craftsman                                                  Ottawa Street in the north to Seneca Street in the south. Historically, this district
tapered post on a brick pedestal with                                                    has been a popular residential area for upper and middle class businessmen.
square-section balusters and beaded                                                      North Esplanade Street was originally known as Main Street, and it follows the
matchboard. The 2/2 windows have                                                         bluff line above the Missouri River. This area of Leavenworth was in the origi-
segmented arches with projecting brick                                                   nal 320 acre town plat that was filed in the Surveyor General's Office at Fort
drip moldings. At the front corner of                                                    Leavenworth on December 20, 1854. The individual lots in these four blocks
the south side are first and second-                                                     were originally twenty-four feet wide, and 125 feet deep, bounded on the west by
story false windows identifiable by                                                      an alley fourteen feet wide. The west side of the street has always been a resi-
window openings with permanently                                                         dential district, and the first houses on the street were relatively small, and served
closed louvered wood shutters. Also                                                      as working men's homes or boardinghouses. Larger structures were built from
on the south side is a one-story bay window with molded panels and segmented-            the 1860s through the 1880s, and many of the owners were managers of commer-
arched 1/1 windows.                                                                      cial and industrial enterprises. Many of Leavenworth's leading businessmen
                                                                                         lived here in the 1880s and 1890s. The structures listed below as a part of the dis-
1025 Third Avenue                                                                        trict, are all set back approximately the same distance from the street and were
early 1870s                                                                              built before 1900. The houses on North Esplanade are differentiated from others
                                                                                         in northeast Leavenworth by their size, well-maintained appearance and yards,
The original outer façade of this painted brick construction is identical to the prior   and common relationship to the street and park. It is one of the most cohesive,
house. A distinct difference is the one-story entry porch with classical colonettes.     unified neighborhoods in Leavenworth tied together visually by the North
The first and second-story false windows are also permanently closed with lou-           Esplanade Park.
vered wooden shutters. The integral two-story brick ell has a weatherboard frame
extension with an upper level sleeping porch, an exterior stair, and a deck.             North Esplanade Park

                                                                                         Part of the original town plat, the park is the oldest public park in Kansas. It is a
                                                                                         beautiful grassy expanse overlooking the Missouri River and into Missouri, with
                                                                                         trees along the street. Playground equipment is at the north (since 1973) and
                                                                                         south ends of the park, and a sidewalk with park benches and vintage-style lamp-
                                                                                         posts (c. 1999) runs throughout the length of the park.
                                                                                         Two historical audio way-stations are in the park.
                                                                                         The southern station documents Bleeding
                                                                                         Kansas and the northern one provides informa-
                                                                                         tion on the Anthony family, including Colonel
                                                                                         Daniel R. and Susan B. Anthony, who were
                                                                                         brother and sister. Colonel Anthony lived in the
                                                                                         house directly opposite this station at 417 North
                                                                                         Esplanade and his sister visited here often.

                                         64                                                                                       33
Winfield Denton House                                                              Thomas Jones House
515 North Esplanade                                                                1013 Third Avenue
Mid 1880s                                                                          1870, 1930

This irregularly shaped house is                                                   This two-story frame house has
located at the southwest corner of                                                 Craftsman-style details such as a front
Ottawa      Street    and     North                                                entry stoop on triangular brackets and
Esplanade. It is a large, two-and-                                                 4/1 windows, indicating a remodeling
one-half story white wood frame                                                    in the 1920s or 1930s. A one-story
structure with some of its wood                                                    porch extended across the front of the
detailing still intact. Winfield                                                   house but has been replaced by the
Denton purchased the property in                                                   present stoop. Bricklayer Thomas
1886. Together with Elmore W.                                                      Jones is the first known occupant at
Snyder, who owned 409 North                                                        this address, in 1872, although there is
Esplanade, the two men were the proprietors of Kansas Central Elevator, located    evidence that the house may date to the
just down the street to the north of the district.                                 preceding decade. Jones was listed as a contractor and builder in an 1873 city
                                                                                   directory and the Jones family lived there through the 1940s. Leavenworth
                                           James McCahon House                     chronicler Agnes Murphy suggests that the next three houses (1017, 1021, and
                                           507 North Esplanade                     1025) were built by the owner of 1029 Third Avenue, Mark Delahay. Both 1021
                                           Mid 1860s                               and 1025 are virtually identical and were likely built at the same time by the same
                                                                                   builder. The 1017 house is also closely related architecturally.
                                            The McCahon home is a two-and-
                                            one-half story clapboard structure,                                              1017 Third Avenue
                                            formerly painted white. The one-                                                 early 1870s, 1920
                                            story screened porch across the east
                                            façade of the house is not original.                                            Although remodeled in the Craftsman
                                            James McCahon, an attorney at law,                                              Style in the early 20th Century, the
                                            bought the property in 1865. He                                                 house is similar to its neighbors at 1021
                                            died in 1871 and his wife Martha                                                and 1025. One notable difference is the
                                            lived here as a widow until 1883.                                               fact that this house has true windows at
                                            Another well-known Leavenworth                                                  the front corner of the south side,
citizen who resided here in the early 20th century was Otto H. Wulfekuhler. He                                              whereas the other houses have false
was born in Germany in 1865 and was a life insurance and farm loan agent.                                                   windows at that location. It was likely
                                                                                                                            more Italianate style in character origi-
                                                                                                                            nally. This two-story house of painted
                                                                                                                            brick construction has a hip roof and a
                                                                                                                            one-story wraparound porch with
                                                                                                                            Craftsman tapered posts on brick
                                                                                   pedestals. The segmented-arched 1/1 windows have protruding brick drip mold-
                                                                                   ings and the segmental arch over the front entry has a covered-over transom.

                                      34                                                                                  63
Nettie Hartnett School, USD 453                                                        Alvin Woodworth House
1000 Third Avenue                                                                      501 North Esplanade
1923, 1990                                                                             mid 1860's

This two-story Tudor Revival-style brick school building has a rectangular form        The Woodworth House is a two-story
and a flat roof behind a parapet. The projecting two-story entry bay in the center     brick structure, with a hip roof and
of the front (east) façade has a Tudor-arched opening. Extending across the rear       captain's or widow's walk. In the
(west) elevation is a two-story 1990s addition with a brick veneer that is designed    1890s, a large bay window was added
to harmonize with the original Tudor styling. On the south side of the school is       to the dining room and a small bay
a playground that replaces two historic dwellings demolished in the 1990s. The         window was added to the living room.
original school was built in 1862, improved in 1865, remodeled in 1897, and            Two other prominent Leavenworth cit-
razed in 1923. The relatively plain two-story brick building featured a belfry with    izens resided in this home. Adolph
                                         rounded openings. This present building       (Adolf) Lange, Sr. added the north
                                         is thought to be the oldest continuous        wing and the bay window off the sit-
                                         school in the district. It was known in the   ting room in the 1880s. The home remained in the Lange family until 1960. Mr.
                                         early 20th century as the Congress Street     and Mrs. Arthur J. Stanley, Jr. lived in the home for approximately 40 years
                                         School. The present building was              beginning in the 1960's. Judge Stanley served with distinction in the Armed
                                         renamed after long-time school employ-        Forces during two world wars and was a United States District Judge. He is
                                         ee, Nettie Hartnett in the 1960s. Myron       famous locally for his participation in the last actual cavalry charge during the
                                         K. Feth of the Leavenworth architectural      pursuit of Pancho Villa in the early 1900s.
                                         firm Feth & Feth contributed to the
                                         design of the building and the school on      George Ross House
                                         the next block.                               417 North
Bullen-Johnson House                                                                   early 20th Century
1007 Third Avenue
1898                                                                                   The original two-story home
                                                                                       on this property belonged to
Beginning with the corner house directly across from the school property you will      Daniel R. Anthony and was
note another two-story frame Queen Anne style home. It has weatherboard sid-           built in the early 1870s. At
ing and a steep hip-and-gable roof with flared eaves. A small front gable has dec-     approximately the same time, Samuel Cochran, a wholesale grocer and capitalist
orative rake boards, diagonal strips on its face, and a three-part window. The one-    purchased a two-story home next door at 419 N. Esplanade. D.R. Anthony start-
story wraparound porch has Craftsman-style tapered posts on stone pedestals,           ed in insurance and was an early editor and proprietor of The Leavenworth Times
square-section balusters, and screening. Above it is an inset second-story porch       and an early postmaster. His sister, suffragette Susan B. Anthony, visited him
with tapered posts and square-section balusters.                                       often on the Esplanade. Colonel Anthony, owing to his sister's fame, championed
                                                                                       women's suffrage as a U.S. Senator. By 1914, George Ross owned the Cochran
Contractor and bridge builder J.A. Bullen is thought to have built this house about    home just north of the Anthony house. An architect determined that the Anthony
1898. In 1900 it was the home of Thomas L. Johnson, a newspaper editor, print-         house was structurally sound and to make the home more suitable for the Ross
er, and justice of the peace. Johnson is also remembered for organizing a local        family, the Cochran house was razed sometime after 1915. The north half of the
chapter of a typographical union, one of the first trade unions in the state.          present structure was constructed as an addition to the Anthony home.

                                        62                                                                                   35
Elmore W. Snyder House                                                              Garrett-Cobb House
409 North Esplanade                                                                 1032 Second Avenue
Mid 1880's                                                                          1905

This Queen Anne-style home is a large,                                              The house directly opposite Arch
two-and-one-half story wood frame (clap-                                            Street is also a two-story frame
board) structure. It has a rounded tower                                            Queen Anne-style house. Samuel
on the northeast corner and a one-story                                             and Lettie Garrett purchased the
porch across the east façade. Elcana                                                site in 1904 and are thought to
Hensley built the home in 1871. In 1885,                                            have been the builders of this
banker E.W. Snyder purchased the home.                                              home. It features a large off-center
Mr. Snyder came to Leavenworth in 1883                                              gabled dormer and arched recess
and worked in the grain business with the                                           containing a double window that
firm of Snyder and Denton. In 1888 the                                              opens onto a balcony. The one-
Manufacturers National Bank was organized, and Mr. Snyder became its presi-         story wraparound porch has slender Ionic columns, a decorative balustrade, and
dent. Thirty-three years later he was the oldest bank president in Kansas. In       modern fluted newel posts on the front steps. This home also features a two-
1893, he and Senator Vinton Stillings built the Terminal Bridge over the Missouri   tiered back porch similar to the house to the south.
River for $1.2 million. This brought two railroads to town and made a highway
to Platte County, Missouri.                                                                                            Bishop Miege House
                                                                                                                       1028 Second Avenue
Lewis Burnes House                                                                                                     c. 1860s
403 North Esplanade
late 1860's                                                                                                            This unusual two-story frame house shows
                                                                                                                       the influence of the Greek Revival and
This two-story Federal-style brick                                                                                     Italianate styles. The one-story entry porch
home has a hip roof with wide                                                                                          has a sunburst design in its gable. The 1/1
bracketed cornices. Its original                                                                                       windows and the front entry have peaked lin-
red brick has been painted white                                                                                       tels with petaled bosses at their centers. Note
and it probably had cosmetic                                                                                           the front entry with diagonal board paneling
alterations in the early 20th centu-                                                                                   and a glass upper panel.
ry. The room on the north side of
the home was added in 1997, and                                                                                         In December 1865, Bishop Miege sold all of
the garage extension was added in 1998. Lewis Burnes, a lawyer, built the home                                          the lots except for this one, suggesting the
c. 1865. Additionally, John C. and E.B. Ketcheson lived in the home between                                             present house had been built or planned. In
1875 and 1881. In 1882, John built another home and moved into the house at                                             1879 the Catholic Sisters of Charity operated
309 N. Esplanade.                                                                   a school in a rented house on Second Avenue, probably this dwelling. In 1995,
                                                                                    the house was rehabilitated into a single-family dwelling and featured on "This
                                                                                    Old House.”

                                      36                                                                                  61
Third Avenue Historic District                                                        William Small House
                                                                                      321 North Esplanade
Welcome to the Third Avenue Historic District. The area was platted in 1856 and       c. 1871
became known as Day's Subdivision. The current houses were built between
1859 and 1920. All of the homes featured are two-story, either brick construction     This two-story home was probably
or weatherboard siding, and have some type of porch. The majority are described       built c. 1871 by Joseph C. and Mary
as Victorian or Queen Anne style. Some have had Craftsman-style updates in the        H. Irwin, but underwent extensive
1920s-30s yet retain their original character. In some you will find Greek Revival    exterior alterations in the early 20th
and Italianate influences. This district also includes two schools.                   century. In 1887, prominent busi-
                                                                                      nessman William Small and his wife
As you approach this district from Arch Street, you are viewing three homes that      Zephy purchased the house. William
are in this district. They are on lots owned in 1857 by John B. Miege, Bishop of      Small and Company was the largest real estate company in town. Mr. Small
Kansas. Stop for a moment at this intersection to note the houses and descrip-        helped organize the Leavenworth and Mexico Agricultural Company, which
tions before turning right to continue the tour. If you are using this booklet as a   owned and grew coffee on 1,100 acres in Mexico. After his death, his wife
driving tour reference, please note that many streets in the Arch Historic District   founded the William Small Memorial Home for Aged Women at a cost of
are one-way. Please obey all traffic laws while viewing this historic district.       $50,000. It still exists at 711 North Broadway Street and was converted to 26
                                                                                      apartments in the mid-1980s after years of neglect.
1036 Second Avenue
1910                                                                                                                            L.G. Terry House
                                                                                                                                317 North Esplanade
This two-story frame house blends                                                                                               c. 1865
elements of the Queen Anne and
Shingle styles. The house has                                                                                                   This two-story Victorian brick home
weatherboard siding on the first                                                                                                was built c. 1865 for L.G. Terry.
story and wood-shingle siding on                                                                                                Exterior features include a two-story
the second story. In the front                                                                                                  bay window on the south side and a
gable is a three-part opening with                                                                                              widow's walk over the porch on the
a concave shell form to the arch,                                                                                               east façade. This wood porch with
Ionic colonettes, and a slightly                                                                                                four columns is not original to the
projecting pent roof in front. On                                                                                               house, and the entire house has been
the north side is a complex hip and                                                                                             painted white. Mr. Terry was the
gambrel-roofed element with a                                                                                                   Superintendent of the Kansas Stage
polygonal attic window. The south side has an extension over the one-story bay        and Omnibus Company and died in the early 1880s. In approximately 1884, his
window. A two-tiered back porch has an enclosed lower tier and a screened             widow took over as the proprietor of Leavenworth Bus Transfer and lived in the
sleeping porch in the upper tier. Other features include 16/1 and 1/1 windows         house until 1908.
with molded lintels and a one-story framed carriage house. Leavenworth archi-
tect William B. Feth was the designer of this home as well as the house to the

                                       60                                                                                  37
William Small House                                                                  Booth House
313 North Esplanade                                                                  918 South Second Street
c. 1880s                                                                             C. 1880

This smaller two-story wood frame home has a one-story wood veranda on the           This Italianate-style house of painted
east façade. William Small, a dealer in dry goods with Small, Ramsey and Vories,     brick construction features a hip roof
built the home circa 1883.                                                           with bracketed cornices. The wrap-
                                                                                     around porch has turned posts and
Ketcheson House                                                                      balusters, sawn brackets, square-sec-
309 North Esplanade                                                                  tion newels with ball finials, a spindle
c. 1882                                                                              frieze, a gable with beaded match-
                                                                                     board in its face aligned with the front
John C. Ketcheson, a printer, pur-                                                   entry, and a second gable over a cor-
chased the three lots that com-                                                      ner projection. This brick house is
prise this property in 1877 and                                                      distinguished by its decorative win-
built this large irregularly shaped                                                  dow heads which have peaked stone
two-story white frame Queen                                                          lintels with center roundels decorated
Anne-style house in 1882. The                                                        with six-pointed stars. The foundation, which is probably rough stone, is scored
structure of the home has changed                                                    to imitate ashlar masonry. Two brick wings extend from the rear, one of which
little since then. Its principal                                                     has a screened sleeping porch. A brick sunroom addition with decorative win-
exterior features include the                                                        dows and transoms with highly textured piers of irregular brickwork also extends
octagonal three-story tower on the east facade, the rounded veranda also on the      from the rear. The home was made into apartments during World War II.
east facade, two-story bay windows on the east and south sides and leaded glass
windows in the original dining room. The property includes a two-story carriage
house that also has leaded glass windows. In 1895, Mr. Ketcheson sold the prop-
erty to Colonel James L. Abernathy, who had founded Abernathy Furniture
Company in the spring of 1856.

Edward Stillings House
303 North Esplanade
mid 1870s

This two-story red brick home has a hip roof and wide bracketed cornices. It also
features an elaborate one-story wood veranda on the east façade. By the 1970s,
the home had been painted white with white trim. Judge Edward Stillings bought
the property in 1876. A later and very colorful owner was Ferdinand "Jesus"
Mella, born in Italy in 1857. As a co-proprietor of the National Hotel during
Carry Nation's visit to Leavenworth in March 1901, Jesus dissuaded her from tak-
ing a hatchet to the bar due to his "pleasant smile." He served three terms on the
city council, and was known for his optimism and helpfulness.

                                       38                                                                                  59
Michael & Johanna                                                                   E. H. Durfee House
Przbylowicz Home                                                                    219 North Esplanade
201 Pine Street                                                                     c. 1872
                                                                                    This two-story Italianate red brick
Polish immigrants Michael and                                                       home was originally built by Indian
Johanna Przbylowicz built this                                                      trader E.H. Durfee in 1872 as a rec-
home that his family lived in for                                                   tangular Italian villa with a hip
80 years. It is an Italianate-style                                                 roof, stone window accoutrements
brick house with a hip roof and                                                     and wide bracketed cornices.
bracketed cornice with paneled                                                      Probably during the 1920s, major
frieze that cost $5,000 to build.                                                   exterior alterations incorporated
The front, east, and back entries                                                   Georgian Revival details and included the application of stucco and the addition
have chamfered posts on chamfered bases and sawn brackets. The segmental-           of a garage, a new and wider front stairwell and porch, and a sun room. The roof
arched front entry has a double-leaf door and a transom panel with a scrolling      was replaced in 1984, and soffit and facia were restored. In 1998 a major addi-
incised design. The windows have flat arches with segmental lower edges and         tion to the west side of the house added over 1,400 square feet to the home.
incised ornament between the arch and window head.
                                                                                    E.E. Henry House
On the street near the side and front entry are large flat "carriage stones" that   213 North Esplanade
served as a platform for mounting and dismounting a steed or vehicle, analogous     c. 1880
to a mounting block. A 1995 octagonal gazebo with a cupola, chamfered posts
and sawn brackets with square section balustrades acted as a prop for wedding       This two-and-one-half story frame house features a one-story veranda across the
setting. Michael & Johanna's granddaughter noted in a 1986 letter that she          east façade, and a two-story bay window on the south. The original home was
remembered the tree peony by the back porch.                                        the north portion of the structure and the south part was added at a later date. E.E.
                                                                                    Henry, the famous Leavenworth photographer, built the home c. 1880.
914 S. Second Street House
C. 1870                                                                             C.W.P. Collins Boarding House
                                                                                    203 North Esplanade
This Late Victorian-style house features weatherboard framing and a gabled roof.    c. 1872
The porch stands on wooden posts with molded caps, sawn brackets, and square
section balusters. The front entry has sidelights and transom, peaked and mold-     This L-shaped, one-and-one-half story brick apartment was built as a rooming
ed lintel, chamfered jambs, and a Queen Anne-style wood and glass door.             house in 1872. it features a Mansard roof with gabled dormers and a one-story
                                                                                    wood porch on the east façade. In 1876, C.W.P. Collins purchased the building.
                                                                                    In 1882, ten people were listed in the city directory as boarders. The Planters
                                                                                    Hotel was southeast of the property on the east side of N. Esplanade, until it was
                                                                                    demolished in the 1950s. A replica of the "Lincoln" steps from the Planters build-
                                                                                    ing will commemorate his 1859 declaration as a candidate for the U.S.
                                                                                    Presidency. Up until Lincoln's Leavenworth visit in December 1859, he had been
                                                                                    met by less than enthusiastic support.

                                      58                                                                                    39
The Union Depot                                                                       216 Pine Street House
123 South Esplanade                                                                   1925
c. 1887
                                                                                      This Tudor Revival-style house of
The Union Depot was built in 1887 by James A. McGonigle. The total cost for           stone, stucco, and brick features a
the structure was $100,000 and it opened in November 1888. This large brick           steep complex gable roof juxtaposed
structure has a Romanesque architectural style. It operated as a passenger and        with a slightly projecting gabled
freight     terminal                                                                  front wing and a brick chimney with
until 1963, when it                                                                   a stone cap and weatherings. The
was purchased by                                                                      east corner of the wing has a but-
V.B. Greenamyre as                                                                    tress-like element with rough stone
a headquarters for                                                                    quoins. The house features a sunroom off the west gable end, and an ell with an
his business. In                                                                      enclosed porch at its end. The garage harmonizes with the house with its steep
1984,             Mr.                                                                 gabled roof.
Greenamyre deeded
the building to the                                                                   215 Pine Street House
city, and the follow-                                                                 1900
ing year a bond
issue was placed on                                                                   This home features apparent Victorian characteristics and a hip roof. The front
the ballot to reno-                                                                   porch has tapered square section wood columns. A wraparound section of the
vate the building                                                                     east elevation was enclosed after 1949. The garage has novelty weatherboard sid-
and build additional                                                                  ing, gable roof, and exposed rafter ends.
facilities. A half-
cent sales tax was approved by the voters to pay off the bonds to renovate the cen-   Benedict House
ter. The depot opened in 1988 as the Riverfront Community Center. During the          211 Pine Street
Flood of 1993, citizens built sandbag walls to keep back the water but the build-     1900
ing sustained damage in its lower levels. The Union Depot was the largest and
finest passenger station of the three railroads that built depots in town.            This Queen Anne-style house features a hip roof and front gables. The porch
                                                                                      stands on tapered square-section wood columns with molded caps and metal

                                       40                                                                                   57
219 Pine Street House                                                                 Leavenworth County Courthouse
1914                                                                                  300 Walnut Street
                                                                                      1874, 1911
This Craftsman-style house with
brick veneer on the first story and                                                   The original Leavenworth County Courthouse was built between 1873-74 in the
wood-shingle sheathing on the                                                         Second Empire style. The three-story structure was built of red brick and lime-
second story features a hip roof                                                      stone for $120,415.75, and many local citizens believed it to be one of the most
with a hipped ventilation dormer.                                                     beautiful courthouses in the West. On March 22, 1911 a fire caused by faulty
The front porch has a gabled roof                                                     wiring destroyed this courthouse, and only the masonry walls were left standing.
and is constructed of irregular red                                                   Later that same year construction began on the current courthouse, and it was
and vitrified brown brick with                                                        completed on June 1, 1913 at a cost of $143,152.54. The three-story Classical
square-section pillars linked by a                                                    Revival masonry structure occupies an entire square block, and its style is indica-
brick railing with a concrete coping. A bay window rises on the west with a trape-    tive of many government buildings constructed prior to World War I. The foun-
zoid-plan. The batten shutters have candle cut-outs.                                  dation and walls are limestone, and in some places they face the soft brick walls
                                                                                      remaining after the original courthouse burned. Two-story pedimented porticos
The garage has novelty weatherboard siding, gable roof, doors with matchboard         delineate the primary north and south entrances, with grand staircases leading
set diagonally. In 1999, a large pine tree died in the west yard so the owners com-   past Ionic columns. One-story porticos define the east and west entrances, which
missioned a totem depicting a large eagle with draped feathers.                       also have grand staircases leading past Tuscan columns. On August 23, 1941 the
                                                                                      County Commissioners placed "The Doughboy" statue on the south side of the
218 Pine Street House                                                                 courthouse. This World War I memorial of an infantry soldier charging with rifle
Late 19th Century                                                                     in hand sits atop a rough-cut limestone base. On its bronze panel is the inscrip-
                                                                                      tion, "In Grateful Memory of Our Veterans of All American Wars." Like many
A Late Victorian-era house of weatherboard frame construction and gable roof.         contemporary Kansas courthouses, the distinguishing feature is the central rotun-
The Craftsman-style front porch has tapered posts on brick pedestals, and porch       da, open to the first two floors and crowned with a stained glass dome. A grand
and roof balustrades with turned balusters. The front gable includes a sawn and       staircase on the south
pendant ornament. The 1876 Hunnius map shows a house at this location.                side accesses each floor.
                                                                                      Also similar to other
217 Pine Street House                                                                 Kansas courthouses of
1930                                                                                  the era are the interior
                                                                                      embellishments such as
This Craftsman-style house with a clipped front-gable roof features a front entry     the terrazzo flooring,
stoop with a bracketed gable roof and windows with batten shutters.                   marble wainscoting, oak
                                                                                      doors and trim, plaster
                                                                                      walls and ceilings, scagl-
                                                                                      iola columns, and iron
                                                                                      and marble staircases
                                                                                      with marble treads.
                                                                                      Original light fixtures
                                                                                      are in use throughout the

                                       56                                                                                    41
South Esplanade                                                                       1011 South Third Street
Historic District                                                                     Late 19th Century

The South Esplanade                                                                   A Queen Anne-style home of wood-shingled frame construction with front-
Historic District is an                                                               gabled roof, skylights, and a gabled dormer with exposed rafter ends. The front
1857 addition to the                                                                  porch has turned posts, sawn brackets with turned pedants, and modern square-
City of Leavenworth.                                                                  section balusters. A decorative frieze with turned bosses and projecting blocks
On the east side of the                                                               covers the front gable. A small gable gabled front wing has a decorative rake
street, travelers are                                                                 board. A stone retaining wall with jagged coping extends across the front.
treated to an unobstructed
view of the first truly east-                                                         The garage with novelty weatherboard siding, gable roof, hinged matchboard
ward bend in the Missouri River                                                       doors, and a shed addition suggests construction about 1949.
and the valley extending to the bluffs
approximately four miles away. In earlier times, the top of the slope was wide        George LeMay House
enough to permit baseball games on level ground. The flood of 1993, primarily,        226 Pine Street
caused extensive collapse of the hillside. This necessitated clearing the slope and   1900
building the terrace found midway down the incline which may one day be incor-
porated into Leavenworth's linear park and trail system. South Esplanade was          This Victorian-style brick house with a hip roof features a wraparound porch with
originally named Main Street and was connected to North Esplanade via a bridge        Doric columns. The back porch has classical columns and square-section balus-
over Three Mile Creek that still exists but is obsolete and structurally incapable    ters. Transoms cover the front entry. Next to Third Street near the back of the
of bearing any traffic. The 3MC parkway may incorporate restoration of the            house is a concrete mounting block beside an early 20th century hitching post
bridge as a part of the new pedestrian trail. Of interest in the area, one of         fashioned from metal pipe.
Leavenworth's early coal mines was on Second Street south of the Missouri
Valley Shipyards dry dock which is still visible from the Esplanade Bluff. The        This home was also a dance studio during the mid-1900's.
coal mines created a demand for low cost and frequently, "company" provided
housing, mostly in the form of "shotgun" homes. These still dot the older half of                                              Washington C. Zentmeyer
Leavenworth, mostly in close proximity to the mines. The shipyard built landing                                                House
craft during World War II and launched several tugboats a year for river barge                                                 222 Pine Street
navigation. The last tug boat splashed into the river in June, 1983. Thereafter the                                            1872; 1950
Shipyard merged with Missouri Valley Bridge & Steel, the general contractor for
the San Francisco Bay Bridge, the longest single span bridge of its day when                                                   Cabinetmaker W.C. Zentmeyer build
completed over 50 years ago. The Missouri Valley works finally closed their                                                    this modified two-story frame house
doors in 1987 and sold their production facility at 790 Thornton Street to the City                                            with weatherboard siding and a hip
for use as its Public Works Service Center. The tour begins at 2nd and Olive                                                   roof. He lived in a house on the north
streets a little south of the boundary of the Historic District; South Esplanade is                                            side of Pine Street between 2nd and 3rd
a one-way street south.                                                                                                        between 1868-69. He bought the prop-
                                                                                                                               erty in 1866. Records are unclear if it
                                                                                                                               is the same home as the one you see

                                       42                                                                                   55
Wilson House                                                                         Drechsel-Wiley House
221 Arch Street                                                                      800 S. Second Street
1868                                                                                 1885

John Wilson, President                                                               As     you     approach    South
of      Great       Western                                                          Esplanade, note the beautifully
Manufacturing, built the                                                             restored Stick-style house on the
original home on this site.                                                          southwest corner. It was built in
His son Samuel remodeled it                                                          1895 by William Drechsel, a shoe
as a Classic Revival-style                                                           store owner. The three small cot-
home in 1914 covered with rough                                                      tages north of the house were
stuccoed brick and a hip and deck roof                                               built for coal miners
with barrel-vaulted dormers, and dentil cornice.
The front entry has a pedimented surround with fluted Doric columns and
pilasters, a paneled frieze, and elliptical fanfold motifs. The entry opens onto a                                               Albert Doege House
full length brick terrace and windows with decorative balcony-like grills, round                                                 108 Olive
arched transoms with fanfolds panels, and keystones with acanthus-leaf carvings.                                                 1864
A pergola-like colonnade extends from the east elevation. A porte-cochere with
smooth round Doric columns covers the brick-paved drive.                                                                      Although not presently within the
                                                                                                                              boundaries of the district, this 1864
Folk lore for the home includes a transfer of ownership through a poker game,                                                 house is significant because of its age
filming of the HBO Truman Movie, and a reception for Colin Powell during the                                                  and blend of Federal and Italianate
dedication of the Buffalo Soldier Monument. It has been a bed and breakfast                                                   features. Mr. Doege was the owner of
since 1998.                                                                                                                   the National Soap Co., manufacturers
                                                                                                                              of laundry and toilet soaps, violet
Craftsman-Style Bungalows                                                                                                     starch, sal soda and blueing. This
1013 & 1015 S. Third Street                                                          house was saved from the wrecking ball by Jeanette and Manny Craig.

Armilda Miller built this pair of mirror-                                            Joseph Eble House
image Craftsman-style bungalows of rough                                             100 Olive
stucco with gabled roofs and front shed                                              1924
dormers. They are typical examples of the
bungalow form at its height of popularity.                                           At the corner of Olive and South Esplanade, on the left, is a 'kit' house from the
The engaged and screened front porches                                               Gordon-Van Tyne Co. of Iowa. It arrived on two-rail road flatcars and was con-
have square-section and stuccoed pillars.                                            structed by Joseph Eble in 1924. He and his family lived with his in-laws, the
Other features include stuccoed chimneys with shoulders at the first-story level,    Doeges, while construction was taking place.
poured foundations scored to simulate masonry, decorative exposed rafter ends,
and one-story shed-roofed bay windows. Both bungalows have basement-level
garages and stone retaining walls.

                                       54                                                                                   43
T.W. Judge House                                                                      Christian Meeth House
810 South Esplanade                                                                   218 Arch Street
c. 1890                                                                               1865

This house marks the north end of the present Historic District. The original         This house site was given to
porch posts have been replaced on the shingled story-and-a-half house. Note the       Elizabeth E. Fackler "with love and
flared eaves and cornice returns.                                                     affection" by her father as part of
                                                                                      the Fackler's Addition in 1858.
George William Combs House                                                            Elizabeth built the house in 1865.
814 South Esplanade                                                                   This Italianate-style, hip roof house
c. late 1800's                                                                        with weatherboard siding is thought
                                                                                      to be the oldest in the district.
This two-story frame Queen Anne style                                                 Flared eaves with corner brackets
house features decorative stained glass                                               accentuate the hip roof. The front
around the front window and a transom                                                 entry stoop has a gable roof with an arched cut out in the pediment and modern
above the front door. The front porch is a                                            posts below. You can still notice the remnants of a "fire marker" above the
1920s Craftsman style replacement of the                                              entrance that told responding firemen if fire insurance was up to date. The 1919
original.     G.W. Combs came to                                                      tax rolls for this property was $81.66.
Leavenworth as a child. He became the Superintendent of Milling and Pattern
Making at the Great Western Manufacturing Co. His flour sifting invention was                                                       Lynn and Nellie
a forerunner of sifters still made by that company for mills around the globe.                                                      Millis House
Leavenworth sifters sift the world's flour.                                                                                         220 Arch Street
Josephine Norton House
818 South Esplanade                                                                                                                  Lynn and Nellie Millis purchased
c. 1870                                                                                                                              two lots at this location in October
                                                                                                                                     1897 and they borrowed $2,400
This two-story frame house has Greek Revival influence in the peaked lintels                                                         from a local lending institution the
above the windows and front door. The porch is a later Craftsman style replace-                                                      same month. The house was pro-
ment, similar to that at 814 South Esplanade.                                                                                        vided with water service in 1898,
                                                                                                                                     suggesting completion of construc-
Findlay and Mary Hathaway House                                                                                                      tion. It is a Queen Anne-style house
822 South Esplanade                                                                                                                  with weatherboard siding and a hip-
                                                                                                                                     and-gable roof. The porch features
This small house has been drastically altered from its beginning as a simple four-    turned posts with chamfered bases, large curved brackets that create an arched
room house. The Hathaways lived here from 1888 to 1920. Only plaster and              effect on the ends of the porch, a bracketed cornice, a spindled frieze, and a hip
lathe remnants in a crawl space under the eaves are left to indicate its early life   roof with a small gable aligned with the front entry. Other features include an
as a single-story house with ten-foot ceilings. A mid-20th century remodel elim-      interior brick chimney, a rectangular vent in the front gable with a decorative sur-
inated the Victorian-era interior. Two small dormers from that change became the      round and molded lintels, a large front window, and a lower two-story ell with a
large second story shed dormer in the 1960s.                                          kitchen wing and a sun porch on the east side.

                                       44                                                                                     53
William A. Tholen House                                                               Charles F. Dassler House
206 Arch Street                                                                       826 South Esplanade
1909                                                                                  c. 1876

William A Tholen and his brother Webster operated the Tholen Brothers Supply          Originally, this story-and-a-half build-
Company. William built this Craftsman-style home clad with wood shingles and          ing had an L-shaped front porch and a
featuring a front-gable roof with gable brackets and shed dormers. The front          back porch, both of which had been
porch, which is partially inset, has stepped rectangular-section brick pillars that   removed by 1949. Chas. Dassler was a
                                                   project through the roof on        lawyer and lived here for much of the
                                                   the front and have heavy tri-      first half of the 20th Century. It was
                                                   angular brackets, square sec-      modified later to accommodate a full
                                                   tion balusters, and concrete       second story.
                                                   front steps with brick cheeks.
                                                   Quarter-round windows in the                                                  James McGee House
                                                   gable flank a front bricked                                                   830 South Esplanade
                                                   chimney. The Craftsman style                                                  c. 1886
                                                   continues on the inside with
                                                   bold but simple quarter-sawn                                                The McGee House is a two-story, frame
                                                   oak timbers, and molding                                                    Queen Anne. The wrap-around porch
                                                   with typical built-in furniture                                             with a gazebo is a 1990s replacement.
                                                   components.                                                                 Mr. McGee was an insurance agent. On
                                                                                                                               a stage coach trip to southeast Kansas,
O'Donnell House                                                                                                                he and the other passengers were con-
214 Arch Street                                                                                                                fronted with an “unusual and unreason-
1885                                                                                                                           able” request from the Jesse James gang
                                                                                                                               to hand over their cash and valuables.
This Italianate and Queen Anne-                                                                                                After giving up a total of $700, the jour-
style brick home features a front-                                                                                             ney continued to Pleasant Hill. The car-
gabled roof with diagonally set                                                       riage house on the alley behind the McGee house is over a century old. It is one
boards that create a half-timbered                                                    of the few old frame carriage houses still existing in Leavenworth.
effect above a spindle frieze and
sawn brackets adorning the front
gable and the gable of the north
wing.      The one-story wrap
around porch has a curved corner,
sawn brackets, a spindle frieze,
and deeply chamfered posts. The segmented arched windows with keystones are
linked at their tops with by a projecting belt across the flat elevation. An inter-
esting feature on the north elevation includes an angled wall in a second-story re-
entrant corner supported by a fan-like corbeling.

                                       52                                                                                    45
John and Harriet                                                                 Thomas Braidwood House
Gimper House                                                                     200 Arch Street
114 Spruce Street                                                                1883; 1990
c. 1876
                                                                                 This home was built by Thomas Braidwood, a foreman of the Great Western
This small one-story brick Victorian no                                          Stove Company. It is a Gothic Revival-style brick home with Italianate influence
longer has its across-the-front porch.                                           and a front gable roof. A gable ornament on the east side has a chamfered stan-
Note the small dormers and the old                                               chion that resolves into a turned finial at its top and a turned pendant at its base.
stone wall topped with a low metal                                               The corner entry tower has a hip roof with gabled projections, a bracketed cor-
fence. Mr. Gimper was superintendent                                             nice, and an entry with a transom in a segmental arch and double-leaf front doors
of the Leavenworth Gas and Light Co. G.W.Combs bought the property in 1910       with rounded arch glass panels. The interior finishes have been meticulously
as a gift for his son, Dr. Frederick C. Combs. Dr. Combs' son, George, grew up   restored while the exterior undergoes long-term development.
here. His widow, Mary, and granddaughter, Kathy Green, still reside here.
                                                                                 The composter along the alley evokes the architecture of the Braidwood House
W.D.Evernghim House                                                              and personality of the owner. It has multiple gables on the roof, wood shingles,
118 Spruce Street                                                                irregular sawtooth verge boards, and heavy ornamentation of found art.
c. 1876
                                                                                                                               Willson-Hamilton House
The present house started out as a simple, clapboard-covered frame house.                                                      211 Arch Street
Around 1920, the owner decided to have a Craftsman style porch built and to                                                    1868; 1920
veneer the whole house with brick. The house was known for many years as the
home of Dr. Channell.                                                                                                         This remodeled Tudor Revival home
                                                                                                                              with features a stucco exterior and
Thomas Templeton                                                                                                              hip-and-gable roof. The Tudor
Reyburn House                                                                                                                 influence is most evident in the false
900 South Esplanade                                                                                                           half-timbering of the gables and on a
c. 1918                                                                                                                       one-story shed-roofed sunroom on
                                                                                                                              the east. A historic brick pier fence
The Reyburn family operated a hardware                                                                                        extends along the back alley with
business in Leavenworth for many years.                                                                                       alternating projecting and inset
Thomas built this house for his bride. It                                                                                     courses. The garage with hip roof
replaced one on the site that had burned.                                        and multiple hipped dormers suggest a former upstairs apartment. Other features
Later owners have found remnants of the                                          of the garage include a small ventilation cupola on the ridge, exposed rafter ends,
earlier house, including a coin silver spoon.                                    and historic wood and glass doors. The garage occupies the same general loca-
The house was originally a single story                                          tion as a 19th century outbuilding (probably a carriage house) and may incorpo-
home. Sometime between 1924 and 1949,                                            rate it.
the second story was added. Around 1970,                                         This home forms the cornerstone for the Great Western influence in the Arch
the rear garage addition was constructed.                                        Street district. Mr. Willson owned Great Western Stove Company.

                                       46                                                                                51
Arch Street Historic District                                                           George Tobey Anthony HOUSE
                                                                                        912 South Esplanade
As an ensemble, the houses of this district embody the distinctive characteristics      c. 1975
of a number of architectural types and periods. The majority posess a high degree
of original integrity. The district is located on 10 acres in Fackler's Addition to     George and Rosa Anthony built this gable-
Leavenworth, platted in 1857. The Fackler Home, known as the house on the               front Italianate about ten years after coming
hill, is at 222 Vine and worthy of a one block detour. The district retains the pat-    to Leavenworth from New York state. He
tern of development that characterized it during the priod of significance in that      was a second cousin of famed local publish-
its streets and block layout has not been significantly altered since platting and it   er, D.R. Anthony and his sister, Susan B.
retains its stock of historic single-family dwellings.                                  Anthony. He was the seventh governor of
                                                                                        Kansas, serving from 1877 to 1879. He
The earliest homes are Italianate and date to the late 1860s and 1870s. Other           championed locating the Old Soldiers
early styles include Gothic Revival, Queen Anne, and Victorian. By the 1910s            Home, now the Eisenhower Veterans
and 1920s homebuilders were erecting and remodeling houses in eclectic idioms           Administration in Leavenworth in the
such as the Classic Revival, Tudor Revival, and Craftsman styles. The Wilson            1880s. Matthew Ryan, Sr. and his wife
House at 221 Arch Street is a notable local work of the Kansas City architectur-        were the second owners of this house.
al firm Wight & Wight. One theme of note in the development of the district is
an association with the Great Western Foundry and two companies created from                                                    Dakotah Skinner Ryan House
it, the Great Western Manufacturing Company and the Great Western Stove                                                         920 South Esplanade
Company. The stove company's first president was Edward P. Willson, who lived                                                   c. 1908
at 211 Arch Street. His next-door neighbor at 221 Arch street was John Wilson,
the president of Great Western Manufacturing. The neighborhood developed into                                                   This house is an example of the Prairie
something of a managerial enclave for the two companies over the following                                                      Four Square style, considered to be the
decades. In 1883, Thomas Braidwood, a foreman with the stove company built                                                      first purely American home design. Mrs.
his house at 200 Arch Street. Frank A. Pickett, chief engineer with the manufac-                                                Ryan was the widow of Matthew Ryan,
turing company built his house at 1012 3rd Street in 1908.                                                                      Jr. The Ryans’ owned several businesses
                                                                                                                                in Leavenworth and cattle interests in
May Millis, daughter of Lynn and Nellie Millis, married in 1910. Her letter of                                                  Wyoming or Montana. Her widowed
1952 recalls the relationship of the Arch District with the Leavenworth                                                         mother-in-law was still residing next
Downtown and the Soldier's Home (VA Center). Her parents “always strictly                                                       door at 912 South Esplanade. Note the
cautioned her to lock the doors at night since many 'old soldiers' would try to                                                 cantilevered bay window on the north
walk back to the Soldier's Home after using their month's pay drinking in town.”                                                side.
Today you can rest along the terrace of 2nd Street and Arch Street where "the 'Old
Soldiers' would set and rest a spell."

                                        50                                                                                     47
                                         Ambrose and Janet Reno                       G.J.Bub House
                                         House                                        1008 South Esplanade
                                         928 South Esplande                           late 1800's
                                         c. 1860
                                                                                      This one-story frame Folk Victorian-
                                          The two-story brick home has some of        style house has vinyl siding and
                                          its original Italianate features such as    replacement windows. Although the
                                          the brackets at the cornice. The front      front façade appears typical of the
                                          entry pediment on the south side and the    era, the rear additions are from later
                                          porch overlooking the river are likely c.   years and the modifications render
                                          1930s Colonial Revival influences. It is    the house a non-contributing struc-
                                          thought the original owner was a            ture in the district.
                                          Quaker from New Orleans involved in
                                          the iron trade. He came to Leavenworth      Orlando D. Coppedge House
                                          to escape the Civil War. Clarence Ryan      1016 South Esplanade
lived here in the early 1900s, next to his brother's widow.                           c. 1925

                                                                                      This is a Mission-style house reflecting its later construction. Of particular inter-
Smith-Lange House                                                                     est is the arched recess for the front door. It is framed with terra cotta blocks and
1000 South Esplanade                                                                                                                        columns and was designed by
c. 1868                                                                                                                                     Myron Feth. A tile fountain is
                                                                                                                                            in the rear. The garage and liv-
Attorney and journalist Nicholas                                                                                                            ing space above it are from a
Smith built the Tudor-looking house.                                                                                                        1980s renovation.           Mr.
It was said he was inspired by                                                                                                              Coppedge owned a glove fac-
Washington Irving's home in the                                                                                                             tory at 4th and Seneca. He
Catskills. It was originally a Gothic                                                                                                       died while driving to his sum-
Revival, built of brick and embel-                                                                                                          mer home in Minnesota. He
lished with gingerbread at the cor-                                                                                                         was reading a newspaper, as he
nices. His second wife was Ida                                                                                                              usually did while driving, and
Greeley, who was the daughter of                                                                                                            collided with a pig causing his
Horace, the famous New York editor                                                                                                          vehicle to overturn.
and writer. Horace frequently visited Leavenworth, as have his descendants in
recent times. During Prohibition, Adolph Lange, a pharmacist, acquired the
house. Myron Feth, architect, redesigned the residence around 1920 making it a
Tudor Revival. The renovation was most likely funded by the sale of “medicinal
spirits” sold during prohibition (by prescription only, of course!).

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