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					GLASGOW CULTURAL STATISTICS DIGEST

A Digest of Cultural Statistics




John Myerscough

Prepared for Glasgow City Council and Glasgow Life

Co-funded by Glasgow Life, Creative Scotland and Glasgow City Council

January 2011
2
CONTENTS

                                                   Page

1    Introduction                                  4

2   Overview                                       6

3   Performance                                    12

4   Visual arts                                    32

5   Multi-arts, literature, and audio-visual       36

6   Museums                                        44

7   Historic buildings and heritage                51

8   Libraries and archives                         57

9   Festivals, events                              60

10 Education, Training and outreach                63

11 Voluntary organisations                         71

12 Markets and attendance                          74

13 Creative industries                             84

14 Tourism                                         89

15 Resources                                       96

16 Lists of organisations within cultural sector   106




                                                          3
   1     INTRODUCTION


This Cultural Statistics Digest is intended to provide a quantitative basis for understanding the nature of
Glasgow‟s cultural sector and the journey on which it has travelled. It sets a baseline for the sector,
which can be used in thinking about its next phase of development. The work was commissioned by
Glasgow Life and the Development and Regeneration Services of Glasgow City Council, with additional
funding from Scottish Arts Council (now Creative Scotland).

The definition of the cultural sector employed in the Digest covers performance (drama, dance, music,
halls and theatres), the visual arts, the heritage (museums, historic buildings, libraries and archives),
literature and screen culture. These relate broadly to the classifications recommended in the DCMS‟s
Evidence Toolkit - DET (2004). Materials on the creative industries and on tourism are also included,
but not sport. The Digest adopts an “industrial” definition of the cultural sector. Many people with
“cultural occupations” are economically active in other industrial sectors. Available data on “cultural
occupations” can be seen in Section 14.

The Digest covers all the domains within the cultural sector and it describes structures and resources
alongside activities and outcomes. Cross-cuts and contextual information are provided on markets,
attendance, education, training and resources. The comparisons with earlier periods are made possible
by previous work undertaken on similar lines. The principal previous studies cited in the Digest are
Economic Importance of the Arts in Glasgow (1988), Glasgow Cultural Statistics Framework (1998) and
Monitoring Glasgow 1990 (1991).

The Digest has been assembled by making use of existing quantitative material. A number of new
analyses of existing data have also been supplied. Its contents are in the form of some 154 tables. A
Technical Appendix is available on request. As necessary, and where possible, these have been
subject to an appropriate level of validation and cross-checked to ensure consistency and comparability.
The aim is to enable consistent read-across amongst the various tables. Commentaries are provided in
each section, drawing attention to key features.

The dependence on available materials means that not all gaps could be fully filled. For example, a
better record of the artistic and creative outputs and achievements of the cultural sector in the City
would have been helpful. Some comparisons have been drawn with other cities and with the national
level, where data are available. The continuing lack of comprehensive, consistent cultural statistics at
the Scotland and the UK levels limits what has been possible in this respect.

Many people and organisations helped in the preparation of the digest. The Steering Group of the
project comprised Mark O‟Neill, Charles Bell, Kate Wallace, Bridget Sly and Keri Isdale. To these and
the numerous other individuals who supplied data and responded to specific queries, deep thanks are
owed.


Symbols and conventions

The following symbols are used in the tables:

 []    square brackets indicate incomplete returns and another uncertainties, including estimations
 -     nil
 ..    not available
 na    not applicable
 x     less than half the final digit shown
 /     represents the financial year, unless otherwise stated

Dates: financial years, unless stated otherwise.




                                                                                                         4
GLASGOW POPULATION AND DRIVETIMES

Resident population, Glasgow City, contiguous local authorities, and Scotland, estimate, June 2008

                             Pop.       %
 Glasgow City               584,240     11.3

 West Dunbartonshire          90,940
 East Dunbartonshire         104,720
 North Lanarkshire           325,520
 South Lanarkshire           310,090
 East Renfrewshire            89,220
 Renfrewshire                169,800
 Outer Glasgow all         1,090,290    21.1

 Greater Glasgow           1,674,530    32.4

 Scotland                  5,186,560   100.0

Drivetime populations, Glasgow and comparators, 2009

                     Resident population             Adult (15+)
                 30 mins 45 mins 60 mins 30 mins 45 mins 60 mins
                                         Thousand
 Glasgow          1,508    2,198      2,815    1,257   1,828     2,342

 Birmingham        1,784      3,637     4,980     1,429     2,954      4,066
 Leeds             1,570      3,049     5,182     1,286     2,497      4,245
 Manchester        1,438      3,409     5,941     1,187     2,795      4,878
 Liverpool         1,377      3,007     5,473     1,137     2,481      4,500
 Newcastle         1,144      1,654     2,085       957     1,387      1,742
 Sheffield         1,012      2,243     4,387       840     1,856      3,630
 Nottingham          962      2,205     4,122       805     1,832      3,409
 Bristol             929      1,853     3,048       774     1,534      2,521

 Southampton        749       1,431     2,345      624      1,191      1,950
 Edinburgh          662       1,086     1,964      562        910      1,635
 Cardiff            609       1,147     1,876      503        944      1,548
 Bournemouth        477         731     1,392      405        618      1,171

Source: Audiences South.




                                                                                                     5
                                                                                              OVERVIEW



1.   OVERVIEW


Sector

Glasgow‟s cultural sector is a major asset for the City and for Scotland. Comprising 184 professional
organisations, employing some 3,484 FTEs and with a turnover of £186 million, it covers in depth most
of the cultural domains (Table 1.1). The largest cluster is in performance; drama, music and dance
companies, theatres and halls together employ some 1,485 FTEs. Museums, employing 496, form the
next largest cluster. Self employed musicians, actors, dancers, artists and authors based in the City
number a further 1,779, which brings the total cultural-sector workforce to 5,263.

Heritage

Glasgow‟s museums are the most attended outside London and contain huge collections of international
significance (see Section 5). The City‟s architectural heritage strides the centuries and reflects
Glasgow‟s medieval origins and its climb to a world manufacturing role and industrial prosperity.
Glasgow‟s nineteenth-century townscape and the critical legacy of Charles Rennie Mackintosh‟s work
are assets of world renown (see Section 6).

Performing arts

The big four (of the five) Scottish national performing companies are based in Glasgow. Scottish Ballet,
Scottish Opera, the Royal Scottish National Orchestra and the National Theatre of Scotland, together
with a further three producing theatres, the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra (Scotland‟s broadcasting
orchestra), and numerous independent companies in drama, dance and music, add up to the largest
concentration of live producing power in the performing arts outside London (see Section 2).

Visual arts and contemporary music

Glasgow has become one of the liveliest centres for the visual arts (see Section 3), with ever more
artists‟ studios, prizes and accolades. This is fed to a significant degree by the success of the Glasgow
School of Art. Glasgow‟s music scene (see Section 2), endlessly able to renew itself, continues to
make an international impact.

Market

Glasgow‟s market for culture is highly developed and competitive (Table 1.2). The museums attract
3.57 million visits and the heritage a further 0.56 million. Live performances total 3,456 a year
(excluding clubbing), averaging over nine a day, draw some 2.31 million admissions, 1.30 million to
theatres/halls/centres and 1.01 million to concerts (pop and classical). The market for culture overall
(excluding clubbing, cinema and libraries) increased by 45% from 1989 to 2008/09 and is 20% higher
than at the early special peak in 1990.

Cultural actions

Visits to museums, heritage, concerts, theatre, visual arts and festivals, total 7.39 million. Adding
cinema admissions (3.56 million), library visits (4.52 million) and outreach participations (0.45 million)
brings the grand total (excluding clubbing) for cultural “actions” to 15.92 million (2008/09).

Innovation

The dynamism of Glasgow‟s cultural sector and its power to innovate was evident well before 1990.
They have remained a Glasgow hallmark subsequently. The cultural sector has increased greatly in
size since 1990, with new bodies (90) outnumbering the many (44) closures (Table 1.3). There are
more drama producers, more dance professionals, more festivals, more museums and extra heritage
sites to visit. Performance numbers have also increased by 75% since (since 1996/97). The growth in
jobs has been considerable (up 44% since 1992/93), and much greater among independent
practitioners than within the institutions (Table 1.4).

Responsive public

Glasgow‟s cultural expansion has elicited a strong response from its residents. The propensity to attend
arts and cultural activities and organisations started below the Scottish average, jumped above the
Scottish average in 1990, and remains above today. The propensity to attend has risen by over a fifth in
the last 20 years (see Section 11). This development was evident in all social grades and ages, but
particularly pronounced amongst under-35s and over 55s and the C2DEs.
                                                                                              OVERVIEW



Funding

The City of Glasgow is Scotland‟s highest spending local authority in culture and the Scottish
government provides major support to Glasgow‟s cultural system, but only in the arts, not for the City‟s
museums (see Section 14). Other funding streams support Glasgow‟s broadcasting orchestra and its
top training organisations for entry into the creative industries. Government spend on the arts in
Glasgow has increased substantially since the late l990s, whilst City spend has not. Consequently,
whereas the City was responsible for 66% of public spending on the arts and museums in the City in
l997/98, its share has fallen to some 52% in 2008/09.

Fabric renewal

Much progress has been made in renewing the physical fabric of Glasgow‟s cultural infrastructure,
utilising Lottery funding. The built heritage has benefited from regeneration investment. Refurbishment
has been used to improve the operating conditions and the rooting in the City of key institutions. Two
new organisations have come from this process, Trongate 103 and the Lighthouse, but few new
buildings. The Bridge at Easterhouse, the Science Centre (a new operation) and the forthcoming,
exciting Riverside Museum are the principal examples.

Training

Scotland‟s creative community concentrates greatly in Glasgow which is home to 42% of the country‟s
actors, dancers, broadcasters, 38% of its musicians and 29% of its artists and graphic designers (Table
14.4). Glasgow is Scotland‟s major centre for training in the cultural professions, and training accounts
for a fifth of the cultural sector in the City. The Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama, Scotland‟s
national conservatoire, and the Glasgow School of Art are vital to the country‟s competitiveness in the
cultural and creative industries (see Section 9).

Metropolis

Glasgow‟s exceptional cultural sector is unequalled in its range and scale in the UK outside London
(Tables 13.12, 13.13). The City is Scotland‟s cultural metropolis and the comparators for this are best
sought among the ambitious and well provided capitals of the smaller European states. The cultural
strengths of Edinburgh largely complement those of Glasgow and, pulled together, the two conurbations
almost breach the three-million population threshold to become a “global” city.

City‟s pulling power

Glasgow‟s metropolitan role can be clearly seen in the wide geographic extent of the market for its
culture. Residents of the City account for a minority (42%) of museum attendance (Table 11.5) and less
(30%) of performance ticket sales (Table 11.1). Outer Glasgow is more important to performance (42%
of ticket sales) than to the museums (21% of attendance). The more distant market beyond Greater
Glasgow is important to both aspects and delivers 32% of performance ticket sales and 37% of museum
entrances. This is where the market for culture has an important interaction with tourism (see Section
13). Glasgow‟s successful growth in tourism is significantly driven by cultural tourism.

Employment

The direct employment in the cultural sector, the stimulus given by the cultural sector to the visitor
economy (including the vital interaction with tourism), and the spill-over into Glasgow‟s creative
industries, bring the City economic benefits. In addition to its exceptional arts and culture sector,
Glasgow has the greatest concentration of the creative industries in Scotland and one of the largest in
the UK outside London (see Section 12). The City has strong clusters in broadcasting, film, advertising,
design, multi-media, publishing, software and music. The creative industries and arts and culture sector
together directly support a workforce of some 31,000 people, equivalent to 7% of the City‟s total
employment.

Social growth and international profile

The economic benefits are only one dimension of the sector‟s value. A strong cultural sector is an
engine of social growth and of civic participation, and the City‟s reputation and international profile
continues to benefit from its cultural standing. Glasgow remains the second most visited major city after
Edinburgh, outside London, amongst overseas leisure tourists (Table 13.4). The overseas demand for
work by Glasgow‟s companies is increasing and Glasgow‟s creative community, especially in the visual
arts, is drawing more international figures into its fold.




                                                                                                       7
                                                                                             OVERVIEW



Prime benefit

The prime benefit that the City gains from its cultural sector can be seen in the energy and stimulus
given to daily life in the City, the pride and self-confidence generated in Glasgow and Scotland, the
points of aspiration provided for young people, and the spiritual ease which can be delivered for all
through engagement with the arts. These are found above all in the direct engagement of Glasgow‟s
people with the performances, exhibitions and displays available in the City‟s cultural institutions and
from the individual products of its creative community.




                                                                                                      8
                                                                                                    OVERVIEW



Table 1.1 Glasgow cultural sector, turnover, employment and organisations, 2008/09

                          Turnover     Staff      Orgs
                             £m        FTE         no.
    Performance             87.62     1,485         57
    Visual arts               4.83       78         24
    Centres, other            5.43      107         11
               a
    Museums                 21.04       496         19
             b
    Heritage                  8.35       77         10
    Libraries, archives     14.96       405         34
                      c                       d
    Festivals, events         2.96       18         12
    Training                38.62       707         10
            e
    Support                   5.17      111          9
          f                                  g
    Total                  185.98     3,484       186

Source: see Tables 2.1, 3.1, 4.1, 6.1, 8.1, 9.1, 1.11.
a
    Excludes 1 museum under training.
b
    5 heritage properties under museums (4) and training (1).
c
    Art-form festivals under domains.
d
    Core only.
e
    Art-form support under domains.
f
    Annual Business Enquiry data in 2005, which covers employees only, analysed by Ekos Ltd, recorded
    for the „arts and cultural industries”, 195 business units with 2,502 employees and a gross value
    added of £28.34 million.
g
    In addition, self-employed actors, dancers, musicians, visual artists, directors/officers and authors
    resident in Greater Glasgow number 1,779 (2001).

Table 1.2 Glasgow City cultural attendance, by domain

                              1989      1990      96/97   07/08      08/09            % change
                                                  Thousand                    89-96     96-08    89-08
                                                                 b        b
    Theatres/halls/centresa     857    1,194        966    1,205     1,305     +13       +35      +52
            c
    Arenas                      307      363        342    1,078     1,005     +11      +194     +227
                d
    Visual arts                210       308        242      179       246     +15        +2      +17
                                                                e         e
    Museums                   3,092    3,565      3,515   4,475      3,571     +14        +2      +15
    Historics                   151      151        322     564        554    +113       +72     +267
    Total                     4,617    5,581      5,387   7,501      6,681     +17       +24      +45
                                                                f         g
    Festivals/events            ..       ..         184     950        990     ..       +438      ..
    Library visits              ..       ..       4,300   4,473      4,517     ..         +5      ..

Source: see Tables 2.2, 2.6, 3.2, 5.3, 6.2, 8.2, 7.1.
a
  Drama, dance, musical theatre, classical music; also GFT.
b
  Includes Clyde Auditorium.
c
  Major popular music venues; excludes stadium performances at Hampden.
d
  Centres of practice and specialist galleries in contemporary art only; excludes museum shows and
  exhibitions in commercial/group galleries.
e
  Calendar year.
f
  Of which, 215k also enumerated within theatres, halls, visual arts and historics, above.
g
  Of which, 298k also enumerated within theatres, halls, visual arts and historics, above.
                                                                                         OVERVIEW



Table 1.3 Glasgow cultural institutions and organisations, by domain

                              1990   1998     2009             Changes
                             Number of insts & orgs    90-98    98-09 90-09
    Performance
      Drama
        Producing theatres       2       3       3       +1         -    +1
        NTS (producer)           -       -       1        -        +1    +1
        Ind companies            9      26      16      +17       -10    +7
        Subtotal                11      29      20      +18        -9    +9
      Dance                      7       2      11       -5        +9    +4
      Music/music theatre       17      13      13       -4         -    -4
      Subtotal                  35      44      44       +9         -    +9
    Venues
                                  a      b        b
      Theatres                  5       5       6         -       +1     +1
      Halls                      5       5       3        -       -2     -2
      Arena, pop venues          2       2       5        -       +3     +3
      Small receivers            6       8       2       +2       -6     -4
      Subtotal                  18      20      16       +2       +4     -2
    Visual arts                  9      13      24       +4      +11    +15
    Multi-arts centres           4       4       4        -        -      -
          c
    Other                        3       3       7        -       +4     +4
    Museums (registered)
      Glasgow City                8     11      12       +3       +1     +4
      Other                       7      7       7        -       +1     +1
      Subtotal                   15     18      19       +3       +1     +4
              d
    Heritage                      9     12      15       +3       +3     +6
    Libraries                  [34]     34      33        -       -1     -1
    Training                      7      8      10       +1       +2     +3
             e
    Support                       5      6       9       +1       +3     +4
                                                   f
    Festivals, events             4      6      12       +2       +6     +8
                g
    Grand total                138     161     184      +23      +23    +46

Source: Monitoring Glasgow 1990 (1991), GCSF (1998), CSG (Glasgow Life) and domain listings in
Technical Appendix.
a
    Of which, two also included under producing theatres.
b
    Of which, three also included under producing theatres.
c
    Literature, press, audio-visual.
d
    Glasgow School of Art included under training and museums; Scotland Street School, Pollok House
    and Provand‟s Lordship under museums.
e
    Ten art-form and heritage support organisations within domains.
f
    Eleven single art-form festivals within domains.
g
    Excludes numerous small organisations and recipients of small grants: see Appendix A. .
                                                                                                OVERVIEW



Table 1.4 Glasgow cultural sector, employment trends, selected domains (performance,
museums and independent practitioners), 1992/93, 1996/97, 2008/09

                                         92/93   96/97  08/09
                                                 Number
                a
    Performance
      Companies, ensembles                 889     826      889
      Halls, theatres                      455     525      596
      Total                              1,339   1,351    1,485
    Museums, visual arts
      Glasgow City Museums                 393     370      391
                      b     c
      Other museums , h‟tge , vis arts     296     321      412
      Total                                689     691      803
                                                                d
    Independent practitioners, support     835   1,216    1,838
    Total                                2,879   3,258    4,144

Source: GCSF (1998); Tables passim.
a
    Table 2.1.
b
    Includes staff in registered museums in Outer Glasgow (152 FTE on 22 sites, 2008/09).
c
    Tables 3.1, 6.1.
d
    Includes 1,779 self-employed actors, dancers, musicians, visual artists and authors resident in Greater
    Glasgow 2001 (Table 14.12) and arts support (Table 4.11).
                                                                                                                     PERFORMANCE



2.       PERFORMANCE


Scale

The institutions dealing with live performance are much the largest element within Glasgow‟s substantial
cultural system (Table 1.1). They generate a turnover of £88 million (2008/09) and employ some 1,485
FTE (Table 2.1). Performance is perhaps the most complex among the different domains, covering
drama, dance and music, and in Glasgow this involves almost all their different forms and combinations.

Production

Producing new work is the aspect of performance which needs the greatest resource. In Glasgow, this
involves some 44 organisations, production companies, performing ensembles, festivals and support
bodies. Production accounts for 62% of the turnover and 60% of the jobs in the performance total. Four
of Scotland‟s five National Performing Companies, Scottish Opera, Scottish Ballet, Scottish National
Theatre and the Royal Scottish National Orchestra are based in the City. The concentration of live
producing power in Glasgow is unequalled in any British city outside London.

Venues

The auditoria where Glasgow‟s performances take place number some 25 (Table 2.3). They comprise
both producing theatres and presenting venues and cover the full range from receiving theatres to
concert halls, pop venues, the multi-arts centres, various education venues (not least the halls and
theatres within the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama) and Scotland‟s largest arena, SECC‟s
Hall 4. The total seating capacity is 32,274. This figure excludes cinemas and clubs. In a comparison
with Manchester of regular capacity (which excludes the arenas in the two conurbations), Glasgow has
                                                      1
some 22,000 seats compared to Manchester‟s 16,400 (including Salford, Oldham and Bolton).

Producing venues

The Citizens, Tron and Arches own and/or operate their own theatres, where they make and present
their own work, alongside that of visiting companies. Scottish Opera owns the Theatre Royal, which is
equipped for mainscale opera and ballet and is used extensively for stage rehearsals, as well as
performance by both Scottish Opera and Scottish Ballet. Scottish Ballet has its own office, rehearsals
studios and workshop premises within the Tramway. The BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra (BBC
SSO) lives in the City Halls as its rehearsal and concert base and broadcasting studio. The Royal
Scottish National Orchestra (RNSO) has priority use of the Royal Concert Hall for concerts and limited
rehearsal, but currently has no other presence in the building.

Receiving theatres and halls

Glasgow‟s receiving theatres are the Theatre Royal and the King‟s Theatre, and the independent
Pavilion, styled Glasgow‟s “family friendly theatre”. ATG is engaged to operate both the Theatre Royal
and the King‟s Theatre. SECC‟s large Clyde Auditorium has also successfully entered the musicals and
light-entertainment market. Two relatively new pop venues owned by Academy Music have increased
the overall concert capacity. The upgraded City Halls and Fruitmarket have been brought into joint
management with the Royal Concert Halls in 2005/06. This was transferred to Glasgow Life in 2010
and important changes to the curated programme of the Royal Concert Halls are being introduced,
seeking new audiences and new levels of artistic collaboration with Glasgow‟s orchestras.

Performances and attendance

In 2008/09, some 3,456 live performances were given in the Glasgow venues (Table 2.2). They
average over nine performances a day. The largest number took place in the producing theatres, at
1,221, with 785 in the receiving theatres (including the Clyde Auditorium). The concert halls accounted
for 349 performances and the pop venues and arena 436. Attendance in the same year totalled some
2.3 million. The largest interest was for the popular-music and arena programmes, which drew some
1,005k, with 756k attending performances in the receiving theatres. The concert halls drew 303k.
Music as a whole (concert halls, pop venues and arena) accounted for more than half (57%) of total
attendance.




1   Comprising Palace, Opera House, Lowry, Royal Exchange, Library Theatre, Bolton Octagon, Oldham Coliseum, Bridgewater Hall, Carling
    Apollo, Roadhouse, Night & Day, Green Room, Moss Centre, Contact Theatre, Royal Northern College of Music.


                                                                                                                                     12
                                                                                          PERFORMANCE



Music

The two symphony orchestras, RSNO and BBC SSO, and Scottish Opera, are the marker performing
institutions of Glasgow‟s exceptional music-making system. Smaller ensembles based in the City
include the Scottish Ensemble and Theatre Cryptic. The Scottish Chamber Orchestra (from Edinburgh)
presents a successful weekly concert series at the City Halls. Glasgow‟s music flows into the life of the
City beyond the central institutions and the 1,308 performances of all types in the concert halls and large
pop-music venues. The Glasgow City of Music successful bid document to UNESCO identified over
220 bands in Glasgow (Table 2.15) and the Census (2001) enumerated 739 professional musicians
living the Greater Glasgow. A further 200 or so concerts are presented outwith the concert halls in
places such as universities, churches, heritage building theatres, and multi-arts centres (Table 2.14).
These include 21 chamber music concerts organised by music clubs under the Enterprise Music
Scotland umbrella. King Tut‟s famously leads the smaller-scale, popular-music scene, presenting over
320 shows (2008). Some 239 clubs, pubs, hotels and restaurants are licensed to play live music in the
City.

Dance

Dance has expanded in recent years, with a new generation of contemporary dance professionals
building a presence in Glasgow alongside a revitalised Scottish Ballet. But it still remains a small area.
Indepen-dance is a special needs provider. With the support of the dance community, developments
are beginning to emerge in circus and street theatre.

Drama

Around 20 companies are involved in the making of drama in Glasgow, where a new ecology is being
established, exhibiting more informality and newly brokered relationships. The recently formed National
Theatre of Scotland is part of this development. It functions as a producing house, with no theatre of its
own. Productions are mounted increasingly in partnership with companies in Scotland and elsewhere
(Table 2.17). It is still exploring its relationship with the existing theatre infrastructure in Glasgow
(Tables 2.18, 2.19). Glasgow‟s three producing theatres, the Citizens‟, Arches and the Tron, each
occupy their own artistic space. The Citizens‟ has the largest producing capacity and remains the
principal place in Glasgow to see mainscale drama. Key independent companies include Visible
Fictions, Vanishing Point, Mischief La-Bas and Birds of Paradise (special needs).

Trends in performances and attendance

There were 82% more performances in Glasgow in 2008/09 than 20 years previously (Table 2.2). The
number of performances increased in all kinds of venue, with the largest proportional gain occurring in
popular music. By the same token, attendance, totalling 2,310k in 2008/09, was 98% higher than 20
years previously. The growth was most evident in the popular-music venues, and also in the receiving
theatres. Glasgow has seized, impressively, the opportunity presented by vigorous development in the
live-entertainment market. This accounted in 2008/09 for 76% of total attendance at live performances
in the City, compared to some 64% in 1989.

Producing theatres

The producing theatres more than doubled their performances from 1989 to 2008/09 (Table 2.4). This
included a new emphasis on tours-in (Table 2.21), both by Glasgow-based companies and companies
from elsewhere, including abroad (Table 2.22). But the producing theatres did not as a group
experience the surge in demand enjoyed by the receiving theatres and especially by the popular-music
venues. Whereas, from 1989 to 2008/09 total attendance at the producing theatres fell by 12%, paid
admissions to the receiving theatres rose by 75% (Table 2.5). In the pop-music venues, including Hall
4, attendance was some 227% higher in 2008/09 than it had been in 1989 (Table 2.6). Average
attendances at the producing theatres in 2008/09 were well down on earlier levels. This in part reflected
a change in the scale and character of the work. Recently, audiences have begun responding to new
approaches. The new business model at the Arches, built on clubbing, has increased performance
attendance (Table 2.25). The Citizens‟ has built back its audience from the lowest point, in 2004/05,
and the Tron has achieved again an upward trajectory (Table 2.5).

Scottish Opera and Scottish Ballet

The number of mainscale performances mounted by both Scottish Opera and Scottish Ballet are well
below the levels of 15 years ago (Table 2.7). Consequently, both total and average attendances have
fallen (Table 2.8). Under a restructuring plan, Scottish Opera performances were suspended in 2005/06
and the company was reduced in size. Both Scottish Opera and Scottish Ballet have begun the process
of rebuilding from a lower base of mainscale activity. There is evidence of an upturn in the public for


                                                                                                       13
                                                                                                                         PERFORMANCE



Scottish Ballet, including revived demand for its work outside Scotland (Table 2.24). The Glasgow
audiences for Scottish Opera were higher in 2009/10 than in 2008/09 and the demand for its alternative-
scale work continues to be strong (Table 2.23).

Halls and orchestras

Attendance at the Glasgow Concert Halls stays in the range of 300k to 400k (Table 2.9). Admissions
topped 400k in the early 1990s (Table 2.5) and again in 2006/07, the first full year of the reopened City
Halls. Subsequently, numbers of performances and average attendances have moved down, equally
for classical and other concerts (Table 2.10). The success of the popular music venues provides strong
competition to the Glasgow Concert Halls (Table 2.29). Glasgow‟s orchestras each currently have
strong artistic leadership to which the public is responding (Table 2.11) and bold audience development
at the RSNO is beginning to pay off (Table 2.12). Average attendances are rising again for both the
BBC SSO and the RSNO. The SCO continues to achieve impressively consistent results in the
refurbished City Halls.

Tours out

A key function of the Glasgow-based companies is to tour their productions to the rest of Scotland.
Over 700 performances are sent out annually by Scottish Opera, Scottish Ballet, the RSNO, the BBC
SSO (Table 2.20), the National Theatre of Scotland, the Citizens‟ Theatre and the Arches (Table 2.21).
This compares to 590 performances given by these companies in Glasgow. Both these figures exclude
the contribution of the independent companies.

New work

Whilst the National Theatre of Scotland has added considerably to the volume of production activity in
Glasgow, the independent companies are fewer than in the mid-1990s and the mainscale work
undertaken by Scottish Opera, Scottish Ballet and the Citizens‟ Theatre has reduced significantly. The
pattern of Glasgow-made work is constantly evolving (Table 2.26), but its volume may be no greater
than a decade or so ago (Table 2.16). The work made in Glasgow currently accounts for some 27% of
                                  2
performances presented in the City .

International links

The international aspect to the work of Glasgow‟s producing companies in performance is increasing
again. The RSNO and the BBC SSO, Scottish Ballet and the National Theatre of Scotland are in
demand overseas and international coproductions are in progress (Table 2.28). Other companies have
international engagements and professional exchanges.




2   This figure excludes performances in the multi-arts centres and the smallest halls. When an estimate for the Glasgow-made work in these
    centres and halls is included, the overall proportion of Glasgow-made work rises to 34% of performances in the City.


                                                                                                                                          14
                                                                                              PERFORMANCE



                                                     a
Table 2.1 Glasgow performance infrastructure , turnover and staff, 2008/09

                                               Turnover          Staff    Orgs
                                                 £m              FTE       no.
    Production
     Producing theatres & drama companies        17.67            338     20
     Dance companies and organisations            7.32            106     11
     Music, opera, music theatre cos & orgs      29.44            445     13
     Total                                       54.43            889     44
    Presentation
                                                          b                  c
     Theatres & halls                            22.09             402     8
                                                       b                     d
     Arenas, music venues, Clyde                 11.10             194     5
                                                                             e
     Total                                       33.19             596    13
    Total                                        87.62           1,485    57
    Of which, nat. performing companies          31.68             466     4

Source: CSG, SAC, miscellaneous company reports and work materials, and additional data from
related organisations, including ATG.
a
    Excludes multi-arts centres (see Section 4), training (see Section 9) and independent practitioners.
b
    Box office included net; some estimations.
c
    Venues operated by CSG (4), Ambassador Theatre Group (2), Òran Mór (1), Pavilion (1); excludes
    producing theatres.
d
    Venues operated by SECC (Clyde Auditorium, Hall 4 et al), Academy Music (2), Barrowland (1).
e
    Excludes producing theatres (above) and multi-arts centres (section 4).

Table 2.2 Glasgow theatres and halls, performances and attendance

                             1989    1990    94/95       95/96    96/97     06/07   07/08   08/09
    Performances (no.)
                        a
     Receiving theatres        390     426     469         463      444       656     653     772
     Producing theatres        597     674     955         917      665     1,189   1,014   1,221
             ,
     Centres, small halls      696   1,058     666         931      488       851     874     678
                   b
     Concert halls             142     278     307         235      285       369     356     349
                         c
     Pop venues, Arena          79      94     125         114      100       446     446     436
           d
     Total                   1,904   2,530   2,522       2,660    1,982     3,511   3,343   3,456
    Attendance (k)
                        a
     Receiving theatres        433     464     572         361      426       604     640     756
     Producing theatres        155     193     179         155      110       130     142     137
     Centres, small halls      139     214     124          90       83       112     102     109
                   b
     Concert halls             130     323     436         366      347       378     321     303
                         c
     Pop venues, Arena         307     363     338         393      342     1,030   1,078   1,005
           d
     Total                   1,164   1,557   1,649       1,365    1,308     2,254   2,283   2,310

Source: see Tables 2.4 to 2.11.
a
    Excludes Pavilion; includes Clyde Auditorium.
b
    GRCH, City Halls and Fruitmarket only.
c
    SECC (concerts and events), 02 ABC, 02 Academy, Barrowland; excludes stadium performances at
    Hampden.
d
    Excludes 1990 additional promotions (Ship, Sinatra, Bolshoi), which attracted 71k attendance for 65
    performances; other 1990 initiatives (Tramway, Arches and special seasons in GRCH, Theatre Royal
    and Citizens) included in relevant venue rows.




                                                                                                       15
                                                                                                         PERFORMANCE



                                                     a
Table 2.3 Glasgow performance venues , capacities

    VENUE                                                CAPACITY
    Producing theatres
     Citizens‟ Theatre                                      450 ; 100; 50
     Tron Theatre                                           230
     The Arches                                             104 ; 84; club spaces up to 1,800
     Total                                                  784
    Receiving theatres
     Theatre Royal                                        1,541
     King‟s Theatre                                       1,785
     Pavilion                                             1,449
     Clyde Auditorium                                     2,970
     Total                                                7,745
    Halls
     Royal Concert Hall                                   2,417 ; 500
     City Halls                                           1,066
     Fruitmarket (standing)                               1,400
     Total                                                4,883
    Arenas, music venues
     Hall 4                                              10,000 ; 624; Halls 1 to 5 21,875
     O2 Academy                                           2,500
     Barrowland                                           1,900
     O2 ABC                                               1,250 ; 350
     Total                                               15,650
    Centres
     Tramway                                                600 ; 100; perf use of gallery up to 1,500
     Platform                                               220
     Centre for Contemporary Arts                           150 ; 74
     RSAMD Concert Hall                                     355 ; 150 (Guinness); 125 (Chandler)
     RSAMD New Athenaeum Theatre                            344 ; 150 (Opera Studio)
     Mask & Puppet Centre                                    85
     Total                                                1,754
    Small halls
     Mitchell Theatre                                       418
     Òran Mór                                               400
     Total                                                  818
    Education
     James Arnott (Univ of Glasgow)                         220
     Crawfurd (Strathclyde Univ)                            350
     Ramshorn (Strathclyde Univ)                             70
     Total                                                  640

    Total (25 venues excl. 11 extra studios/halls)       32,274

Source: British Performing Arts Yearbook.
a
    Excludes clubs.




                                                                                                                 16
                                                                                             PERFORMANCE



Table 2.4 Glasgow theatres and halls, performances

                         1989       1990     91/92    94/95    95/96 96/97      06/07     07/08    08/09
                                                               Number
    Theatre Royal          177       178      191      156       155   189       214       210      235
    King‟s Theatre         213       248      360      313       308   256       399       384      384
    Pavilion                  ..        ..       ..       ..       ..    ..        ..        ..       ..
                     a
    Clyde Auditorium        n/a       n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a   n/a        43        59      153
    Total                  390       426      551      469       463   444       656       653      772

    Citizens               326       295      362      429        479     270     368       303      348
    Tron                   271       316      162      317        261     218     377       362      461
           b
    Arches                  n/a       63       95      209      [177]   [177]     444       349      412
    Total                  597       674      619      955        917     665   1,189     1,014    1,221
                                                                                                       d
    Tramway                 101       224      140     174       545      98      131       125      52
                                                                                                        e
    RSAMD                   183       343      222     260       264     279    [391]     [391]    391
                                f
    CCA                    [80]       [80]     [80]    [39]      [39]     39      199       216       62
                                f
    Mask & Puppet        [151]      [151]    [151]     [50]      [50]     50      [40]       40     [40]
    Platform                 n/a       n/a      n/a     n/a       n/a    n/a         ..       ..       ..
    Total                   515       798      593     523       898     466    [761]     [772]     545

    Mitchell             [181]      [260]     312      143        33      22       90      102      133
         c
    RCH                     n/a      120      264      237       196     187     208       194      204
              c
    City Hall            [142]       158        65       70       39      37      99        84       94
    Fruitmarket             n/a       n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      61      62        78       51
    Total                 [142       278      329      307       235     285     369       356      349

Source: MG 1990 (1991), GCSF (1998), SAC, CSG, GGA, organisations; see also Table 2.6.
a
    Mostly theatrical presentations.
b
    Theatre, performance, live music, excludes clubbing.
c
    Excludes small halls.
d
    Partial closure.
e
    2009 figures: concerts 289, drama 45, musical theatre 42, dance 1 and other 14; excludes 10 tours-
    out performances.
f
    1985/86.




                                                                                                            17
                                                                                                        PERFORMANCE



Table 2.5 Glasgow theatres and halls, attendance

                         1989      1990     91/92     94/95     95/96 96/97           06/07        07/08       08/09
                                                               Thousand
    Theatre Royal         198       161      188       161        129   153                150      131          161
    King‟s Theatre        235       303      333       411        234   273                392      398          374
    Pavilion                ..        ..        ..        ..         ..    ..                ..       ..           ..
                     a                                                                        b                     c
    Clyde Auditorium      n/a       n/a       n/a       n/a        n/a   n/a               61       109         253
    Total                 433       464      521       572        363   426                604      640          756

    Citizens              123       130      117       113        106       67              68       69           64
    Tron                   32        44       23        47         38       35              32       34           41
           d
    Arches                n/a        19        8        19         11        8              30       39           32
    Total                 155       193      148       179        155      110             130      142          137
                                                                                                                       f
    Tramway                 45       70      [25]        25        29        24              31       11          14
                                                                                                                     g
    RSAMD                   38       71        46        45        30        31            [41]     [41]          41
    CCA                   ..[8]      [8]       [8]       [4]       [4]        4               6        8            2
                               h
    Mask & Puppet          [9]       [9]       [9]       [3]       [3]        3              [2]       2           [2]
    Platform               n/a      n/a       n/a       n/a       n/a       n/a                9      14           17
    Total                 100       158        88        77        66        62              89       76           76

    Mitchell               39        56       67         47        24        21             23          26            33
         e
    RCH                   n/a       179      428       349        309      286             293      242          236
              e
    City Hall             130       144      [50]        52         22      26              52       48           46
    Fruitmarket           n/a       n/a       n/a      [35]       [35]      35              33       34           21
    Total                 130       323      478       436        366      347             378      321          303

Source: MG 1990 (1991), GCSF (1998), SAC, CSG, GGA, organisations; see also Table 2.6.
a
    Mostly theatrical presentations.
b
    Includes 18k Peter Pan.
c
    Includes 85k Mamma Mia! and 6k Black Watch.
d
    Theatre, performance, live music; excludes clubbing.
e
    Excludes small halls.
f
    Partial closure.
g
     2009 attendance: concerts 30,226, drama 9,053, musical theatre, dance and other events 1,684;
    excludes 1,535 tours-out to Tron, Traverse and Hampstead Theatre.
h
    1985/86.

Table 2.6 Glasgow music arenas, performances and attendance

                          1989      1990     91/92   94/95     95/96     96/97    06/07        07/08         08/09
    Performances (no.)
     SECC (Hall 4)            24      28       30      31        43         40        95           95            95
     O2 ABC                    -       -        -       -         -          -    [191]        [191]           191
     O2 Academy                -       -        -       -         -          -    [100]        [100]         [100]
     Barrowland               55      66       94      94        71       [60]      [60]         [60]          [60]
                                                                                                    a             a
     Total                    79      94      124     125       114       100       446         446           436
    Attendance (k)
     SECC (Hall 4)          224       261     280     188       273        242      514         562         489
     O2 ABC                    -        -       -       -         -          -      203         203       [203]
     O2 Academy                -        -       -       -         -          -      212         212         212
     Barrowland             [83]    [102]     142     150       120      [100]      101         101         101
                                                                                                   a           a
     Total                  307       363     422     338       393        342    1,030      1,078       1,005

Source: Performing Right Society; GCSF (1998), SECC, some estimations.
a
     Excludes Hampden, which presented some 2 stadium performances in 2008 and 7 in 2009, with
     estimated attendance of 101k and 354k respectively.




                                                                                                                           18
                                                                                       PERFORMANCE



Table 2.7 National companies, performances in Glasgow

                        1989   1990   91/92   94/95   95/96 96/97     06/07    07/08    08/09
                                                      Number
                    a
    Scottish Opera        52     49      61      47       38    42        23     22        22
                    a
    Scottish Ballet       29     34      43      51       44    27        24     23        28
        b
    NTS                  n/a    n/a     n/a     n/a      n/a   n/a      [67]     67        53
    RSNO                  60     57      49      54       53    47        45     42        37
    SCO                   18     21      17      15       19    14        23     22        23
              c
    BBC SSO               42     37      33      25       17    25        29     17        21
    Total                201    198    203     192      171   155     [211]     193       184

Source: MG 1990 (1991), GCSF (1998), GGA, organisations.
a
    Mainscale in Theatre Royal.
b
    Productions shown in Glasgow only.
c
    Funded by BBC Scotland.


Table 2.8 National companies, attendance in Glasgow

                        1989   1990   91/92   94/95    95/96 96/97    06/07    07/08    08/09
                                                      Thousand
                    a
    Scottish Opera        70     60      73      54        40    48       21     22        17
                    a
    Scottish Ballet       36     37      48      55        35    28       19     21        21
        b
    NTS                  n/a    n/a     n/a     n/a       n/a   n/a     [31]     31        18
    RSNO                  63     77      80      93        79    73       56     50        48
    SCO                   13     17      10      12        18     9       12     12        12
              c
    BBC SSO               10     15      16      10         7    10       11      7        10
    Total                192    206    227     224       179   168    [156]     147       129

Source: MG 1990 (1991), GCSF (1998), GGA, organisations.
a
    Mainscale in Theatre Royal.
b
    Productions shown in Glasgow only.
c
    Funded by BBC Scotland.




                                                                                                19
                                                                                                    PERFORMANCE



Table 2.9 Glasgow Concert Halls, performances, attendance and average attendance

                                 04/05    05/06     06/07      07/08    08/09
    Performances (no.):
     Royal Concert Hall            247       235      208       194         204
     City Halls                     n/a       22       99        84          94
     Fruitmarket                    n/a       21       62        78          51
                 a
     Small Halls                   121       158      213       195         203
    Total                          368       436      582       551         552
    Attendance(k):
     Royal Concert Hall            337       297      293       242         236
     City Halls                     n/a       12       52        45          46
     Fruitmarket                    n/a       11       33        34          21
                 a
     Small Halls                     23       21       24        19          20
    Total                          360       376      401       341         323
    Avge attendance (no.):
     Royal Concert Hall          1,362    1,264     1,407      1,249    1,156
     City Halls                     n/a     540       527        539      489
     Fruitmarket                    n/a     524       526        441      402
                 a
     Small Halls                   194      135       113         98       99

Source: Glasgow Cultural Enterprises (now CSG), Glasgow Grows Audiences.
a
    Strathclyde Suite, City Halls Recital Room, Exhibition Hall, other spaces in City Halls.

Table 2.10 Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, performances, paid attendance and average attendance, by
classical and other concerts

                                 04/05    05/06     06/07      07/08    08/09
    Performances (no.):
     Classical                      99        86       91        79          81
     Other                         148       149      117       115         123
    Paid attendance(k):
     Classical                     134       117      115        93          90
     Other                         203       180      177       149         146
    Avge attendance (no.):
     Classical                   1,349    1,378     1,265      1,178    1,108
     Other                       1,372    1,207     1,512      1,297    1,188

Source: Glasgow Cultural Enterprises (now CSG), Glasgow Grows Audiences.

Table 2.11 Glasgow orchestras, own promotions, performances, attendance and average attendance in
Glasgow

                                04/05      05/06     06/07       07/08       08/09
                                                    Number
    Performances:
            a
     RSNO                           39         43         45           42         37
     BBC SSO                         3         15         29           17         21
          b
     SCO                            16         14         23           22         23
    Total                           58         72         97           78         83
    Attendance:
            a
     RSNO                     53,514      57,103     56,212     49,729      47,925
     BBC SSO                   2,517       5,583     11,397      7,106       9,520
     SCO                       7,910       8,426     12,462     12,070      12,127
    Total                     63,941      65,112     80,071     69,678      69,572
    Average attendance:
            a                                                                      c
     RSNO                       1,372      1,188      1,249      1,184       1,295
     BBC SSO                      839        372        393        418          453
     SCO                          497        602        542        549          527

Source: Glasgow Cultural Enterprises (now CSG), Glasgow Grows Audiences.
a
    Attendance includes zero-price tickets; includes RSNO season, summer concerts and audience-development
    concerts (Naked Classic and Classic Bites); excludes concerts at Kelvingrove in 2007/08 (2) and 2008/09 (3).
b
    Edinburgh-based; Glasgow series.
c
    Attendance for 30 concerts in 2009/10 averaged 1,432.


                                                                                                                   20
                                                                                            PERFORMANCE



Table 2.12 Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Glasgow concert season, average attendance of
young people through audience-development schemes
                                                          a
                             07/08    08/09 [09/10]
                                      Number
    Average per concert
      Under 16s                 47       48          69
      Under 26s                 47       40          52
      Total                     94       88         121
    All attenders            1,167    1,285       1,412
    Concerts                  40       34           19

Source: Royal Scottish National Orchestra.
a
    First five months of season only.

Table 2.13 Celtic Connections festival, performance and attendance numbers

                             04/05      05/06   06/07  07/08             08/09
                                               Number
    Performances              207        253     232    234               222
    Attendance               72,866     76,352 93,432 68,996             69,780
    Average attendance          352        302    403    295                314

Source: Glasgow Cultural Enterprises (now CSG).

Table 2.14 Glasgow concerts, by venues, 2008/09

                                                   Concerts   Attend
                                                                                  Date
                                                    (no.)       (k)
                             a                            b          b
    Glasgow Concert Halls                             552       323          2008/09
    RSAMD                                             289         30          2009
    SECC Hall 4                                        95       489          2008/09
    O2 ABC                                            191      [203]      [2003] 2008/09
    O2 Academy and Barrowlands                       [160]     [314]         2008/09
                                              c
    Multi-arts centres, theatres, small halls          68        [16]        2004/05
                 d
    Universities                                       65          [6]       2004/05
               e
    Churches                                           26          [4]
                 f
    Music clubs                                        22          [3]       2009/10
    King Tut‟s Wah Wah Hut                            322        [86]        2008/09
          g
    Total                                           1,790     1,474

Source: GGA; CSG; SECC; Performing Right Society; Scottish Music Information Centre 2004/05
database; Enterprise Music Scotland.
a
    Royal Concert Hall, City Halls and Fruitmarket; also includes 203 events in the small halls (Strathclyde
    Suite, Exhibition Hall, City Halls Recital Room, and other spaces in City Halls) drawing some 20k
    attendance.
b
    RSNO, BBC SSO and SCO promoted 86 concerts attracting 70k attendance; three concerts were
    given in Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum by the RSNO to an audience of 2k.
c
    CCA, Tramway, Arches, Tron, Òran Mór, Henry Wood Hall, St Andrew‟s.
d
    Mainly University of Glasgow Music Department and Ramshorn at Strathclyde University.
e
    In 14 different churches.
f
    Westbourne, Pollok House and University of Glasgow; excludes Helensburgh, Milngavie, Motherwell
    and Kilmardinny in Outer Glasgow.
g
    Excludes performances in clubs, cafes and bars.

Note: the SMIC database also recorded for 2004/05 43 events taking place in historic settings (eg
Barony Hall, Glasgow Museum of Modern Art, Merchant House), other centres (eg Alliance Française,
Annexe) and buildings subsequently closed or no longer used for public concerts (eg BBC Concert Hall,
BBC Studio 1, Cottier, Athenaeum, Adelaide‟s and Henry Wood Hall).




                                                                                                        21
                                                                                         PERFORMANCE



Table 2.15 Glasgow popular music inventory, 2008

    Licensed venues                      78    Includes squares, parks, churches licensed thro‟ promoter
    Businesses licensed to play music
     Hotels                              29
     Pubs                               167
     Restaurants                         23
     Clubs                               20
    Music stores                         27
    Bands
     Rock and Pop                       123
     Jazz                                21
     Traditional and folk                44
     Dance                                7
     Crossover, small                    31
    Commercial radio stations            11    Includes Clyde 1 and Clyde 2
    Recording studios                   20+    Includes CAVA and Park Lane Studios
    Artists‟ managements                 20
                                 a
    Attendance, music events (k)
     Celtic Connections                  92
     Glasgow International Jazz          25
     Piping Live                         25
     World Pipe Band Championship        40
               b
    Musicians
     Employed                           272
     Self-employed                      464
    Total                               736
                              b
    Musicians Union members             882    Incl. semi-professional, 2nd career & amateur performers

Source: Performing Right Society, Glasgow City of Music Application Dossier (2008), 2001 (10%
sample) Census, Musicians Union.
a
    Includes estimates of unticketed admissions.
b
    Greater Glasgow.




                                                                                                     22
                                                                                                   PERFORMANCE



                                                                                               a
Table 2.16 Glasgow-based opera, ballet and drama companies, new productions
                                        b             b
                                96/97    08/09
                                       £m
                    c
    Scottish Opera                    6      3
                    c
    Scottish Ballet                   3      1
                                                      d
    Producing theatres                12            14
                                                       e
    National Theatre Scotland        n/a            12
    Independent companies             35           [21]
    Total                             56            51

Source: GCSF (1998); 2008/09 information from organisations; some estimations for independent
companies.
a
    Excludes revivals, of which in 2008/09 Scottish Opera produced 2, Scottish Ballet 1 and National
    Theatre 1.
b
    Season.
c
    Mainscale and full-length only; FY.
d
    Citizens four, Tron six (previously averaged three), Arches four.
e
    Of which, seven performed in Glasgow.
                                                                    a
Table 2.17 National Theatre Scotland, new productions by partner/associated institutions

                                        06/07        07/08 08/09
                                                    Number
    National Theatre Scotland                7         2      -
                               b               c         d      e
    With Glasgow-based company               4         4     2
    With company based elsewhere             2         2    11
    Total                                   13         8    13

Source: National Theatre of Scotland.
a
    Excluding Home, Exchange, Transform and Learn programmes, Young Company and workshop
     projects.
b
    Includes two three-way co-productions with Citizens and Lyceum.
c
    Citizens, Tramway, Vanishing Point, Tron.
d
    NVA, Suspect Culture, Citizens (2).
e
    Mischief La-Bas, Vanishing Point.

Table 2.18 Glasgow-based companies/artists with National Theatre of Scotland supported
projects, 2008/09

    Company/artist         Project                     Note

    Vanishing Point        Little Otik                 Co-production in ass‟n with Citizens Theatre
    Tramway                Peeping at Bosch            Partnership

    Cora Bissett           Roadkill                    Performer/director
    Tam Dean Burn          The Fanatic                 Performer
    Neil Doherty           Cria                        Director
    Glas(s) Performance    Life Long
    Lynda Radley           Dorm                        Writer/performer
    Phil Spencer           Great Apeth                 Writer/director/performer

Source: National Theatre of Scotland.




                                                                                                           23
                                                                                      PERFORMANCE



Table 2.19 National Theatre Scotland, Glasgow work/presence

                             2007/08 2008/09
                                  Number
                                    a       b
    Productions                   7       7
    Performances                  67      53
    Attendance                31,293  17,792
    Attendance by venue:
     Theatre Royal             6,204     1,973
     Citizens                  4,230     4,771
     SECC                        267     6,305
     Platform                     82       168
     King‟s Theatre           15,790         -
     Tramway                       -     4,575
     Fruitmarket               4,720         -
    Performances by venue:
     Theatre Royal                 7         5
     Citizens                     28        20
     SECC                          6         9
     Platform                      1         1
     King‟s Theatre               12         -
     Tramway                       -        18
     Fruitmarket                  13         -
    Productions by venue:
     Theatre Royal                 1         1
     Citizens                      3         2
     SECC                          1         1
     Platform                      1         1
     King‟s Theatre                1         -
     Tramway                       -         3
     Fruitmarket                   1         -
    Net cost (£k)                318       388

Source: National Theatre of Scotland.
a
    Black Watch, Futurology, Tutti Frutti, Venus as a Boy, The Bacchae, Molly Sweeney, Six Characters
    in Search of an Author.
b
    Black Watch, The Emperor‟s New Kilt, Little Otik, Peeping at Bosch, Something Wicked This Way
    Comes, Be Near Me, Dolls.




                                                                                                  24
                                                                                                     PERFORMANCE



Table 2.20 Scottish Ballet, Scottish Opera, Royal Scottish National Orchestra and BBC Scottish
Symphony Orchestra, home-based performances, and tours-out in Scotland and elsewhere,
2008/09

                                                                    Else-
                           Glasgow                Rest of Scot
                                                                    where
                                     Attend             Attend
                         Perf                    Perf                Perf
                                       (k)                (k)
                            a
    Scottish Ballet      28           20.5        44     29.3         14
                    b       c
    Scottish Opera       22           16.9        28     18.3          2
                                                                         d
    RSNO                 40           48.7        34    [42.1]         8
                                                                         e
    BBC SSO              33            9.5        16       ..         14

Source: organisations.
a
    Mainscale only: 3 productions.
b
    Performances at other scales (Opera Go Round, Five:15, Operalites, symphony concerts totalled 121,
     of which 29 in Glasgow.
c
    Mainscale only: 5 productions; excludes Opera Unwrapped performances on main stage, of which five
     in Glasgow and ten in rest of Scotland.
d
    Of which, six in Spain.
e
    Of which eight in China.

Table 2.21 Glasgow producing theatres and National Theatre of Scotland, home-based
productions, visiting companies and tours out, 2008/09

                         Home                      Visiting                      Tours
                         prods                       cos.                         out
               No.      Perfs    Attd(k)         No. Perfs       Attd(k)     Pds Perfs     Attd(k)
                  a
    Citizens    7       226          44.5        20      122     19.6         4      123     7.5
                  b
    Arches      5         61          5.5        62      277       8.8        3       22     1.4
    Tron        6       124          17.7        23      197     14.6          -       -     -
                  c
    NTS         7         53         17.8        n/a     n/a      n/a        13      443   132.5

Source: organisations.
a
    Excluding four community productions.
b
    A further production was toured only.
c
    Productions played in Glasgow.

Table 2.22 Visiting companies at Glasgow producing theatres, by geographic origin

                           07/08 08/09
                              Number
    Citizens
              a
     Glasgow                     9          10
     Rest of Scotland            8           2
     Rest of UK/O/s              7           8
    Total                       24          20

    Tron
      Glasgow                   12          15
      Rest of Scotland           4           4
      Rest of UK/O/s             6           4
    Total                       22          23

Source: Citizens‟ Theatre and the Tron.
a
    Of which, NTS two in each year.




                                                                                                             25
                                                                      PERFORMANCE



Table 2.23 Scottish Opera, performances and attendance, by location

                     05/06   06/07    07/08 08/09   09/10
                                     Number
Glasgow
Mainscale:
 Performances           6    23     22      22     22
 Attendance        5,409 22,605 21,843 16,913 20,288
Opera Unwrapped
 Performances         n/a     4      4       5      5
 Attendance           n/a     ..     .. 2,592 2,435
Other
 Performances           8    12     20      29     20
 Attendance             ..    ..     .. 22,035 9,100
Rest of Scotland
Mainscale:
 Performances           5    15     23      28     25
 Attendances            ..    ..     .. 18,276 19,804
Opera Unwrapped
 Performances         n/a     4      7       9      8
 Attendance           n/a     ..     .. 2,753 2,375
Other
 Performances          54    47     64      75     49
 Attendance             ..    ..     .. 21,024 11,201
Rest of UK
Mainscale:
 Performances            -     -     4       2      -
 Attendance              -     -     .. 2,034       -
Other performances       -     -     1       3      -

Source: Scottish Opera.




                                                                              26
                                                                       PERFORMANCE



Table 2.24 Scottish Ballet, performances and attendance, by location

                      05/06       06/07    07/08 08/09     09/10
                                          Number
Glasgow
Mainscale:
 Performances            23     24     23     28     25
 Attendance          21,916 19,042 21,363 20,516 23,192
Other scale:
 Performances             1           3       2       ..       -
 Attendance             400       1,138     600       ..       -
Rest of Scotland
Mainscale:
 Performances            36     28     33     44             44
 Attendances         37,297 25,557 34,232 29,290              ..
Rest of UK
 Performances            16     13             6     14       9
 Attendance          11,466 11,675         5,473 11,210       ..
Rest of world
                                                               a
 Performances              -          -        -       -      5
 Attendance                -          -        -       -   5,050
Mainscale totals
 Performances            75     65     62     86             83
 Attend totals       70,679 56,274 61,068 61,016              ..
Other scale
 Performances             1          16       2       13       -
 Attendance             400       4,172     600    2,932       -
Productions
 Full length               2         2        1       2       2
 Mixed                     1         1        2       1       1
 EIF                       1         1        1       -       1

Source: Scottish Ballet.
a
    Nanjing, Beijing, Shanghai.




                                                                               27
                                                                                  PERFORMANCE



Table 2.25 Arches, performances and attendance, by type, clubbing and education

                             05/06    06/07    07/08    08/09    09/10
 Performances (no.)
  Theatre/perf                  ..     371      282      360      470
  Live music                   98       73       67       52
  Sub-total                     ..     444      349      412
 Attendance (no.)
  Theatre/perf              12,958   14,873   18,905   15,641   13,656
  Live music                22,809   14,998   20,970   16,094
  Sub-total                 35,767   29,871   39,875   31,731
 Average attendance (no.)
  Theatre/perf                  ..      40       67       43       29
  Live music                  233      205      313      310
  All                           ..      67      114      777
 Clubbing
  Events (no.)                109      136      145      117
  Attendance (k)               86      111      135      110
 Education (no.)
  Events                        92      119       37       77       43
  Participations             3,485    2,771    3,196    6,142    2,776

Source: Arches.




                                                                                          28
                                                                               PERFORMANCE



Table 2.26 Glasgow companies, productions, 2008/09

 SCOTTISH BALLET
 Mainscale
  Romeo & Juliet (Krzysztof Pastor, new commission)
  Autumn mixed bill (including Ashley Page new work)
 Other
  Small-scale mixed bill (including Diana Loosmore, Gregory Dean, new works)
 Commissions 2007/08 and 2009/10
  Stephen Petronio
  Richard Alston
  Ian Spink
 SCOTTISH OPERA
 Mainscale
  A Night at the Chinese Opera
  Falstaff
  Two Widows (EIF co-prod)
  La Traviata (WNO and Lyceu co-prod)
  Secret Marriage
 Other
  Merry Widow (tour)
  Five:15
 NATIONAL THEATRE OF SCOTLAND
  The Emperor‟s New Kilt (co-prod Wee Stories)
  Little Otik (co-prod Vanishing Point)
  The Bacchae
  Peeping at Bosch (co-prod Mischief-La-Bas)
  Architecting (co-prod The Team)
  365 (co-prod EIF)
  One Giant Leap (co-prod Wee Stories)
  Something Wicked This Way Comes (co-prod Catherine Fields)
  Cockroach
  Nasty, Brutish and Short; the Dogstone
  Nobody Will Ever Forgive Us (co-prod with Traverse)
  Be Near Me (co-prod Donmar Warehouse)
  Dolls (co-prod Hush)
 CITIZENS THEATRE
 Mainscale
  Don Juan
  The Caretaker
  Wizard of Oz
  Educating Rita
 Other
  Liar (new commission, TAG tour co-prod Sounds of Progress)
  Sound of My Voice
  Sub Rosa (promenade, co-prod Fire Exit)
  Yellow Moon (TAG tour, Scotland, Wales, Frankfurt, The Hague, New York)
  Outspoken
 Commissions 2007/08
  Mary Stuart (new version)
  Yellow Moon
  No V in Gaelic
 TRON THEATRE
  The Drawer Boy (M Healey, Scottish premiere)
  Six Acts of Love (J Anderson, premiere)
  Suddenly Last Summer
  Like The Rain
  Mother Bruce
  Defender of the Faith (S Carolan, UK premiere)
 Other
  Slick (J Harrison & C Edmonds, co-prod Vox Motus, premiere)
  Year of the Horse (T D Burn, co-prod Burnt Goods, premiere)
  The Wasp Factory (in association with Cumbernauld)




                                                                                       29
                                                                                        PERFORMANCE



    ARCHES
    Mainscale
     The Snow Queen (Christmas)
     Scratch
     Amada (tour)
     Finished with Engines (Edinburgh Fringe)
    New Directors Awards
     The Severed Head of Comrade Bukhari (award)
     Sixteen (award)

    Source: organisations.

                                                                                       a
Table 2.27 BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, commissioned composers, 2008/09

    Jonathan Harvey
    Anna Meredith
    Nigel Osborne
    Jun Lee
    Angela Morley
    Dave Heath

    Source: BBCSSO.
a
    Peter Maxwell Davies; Leif Segerstam, Ronald Stevenson, Detlev Glanert, Rolf Hind in 2007/08.

Table 2.28 Glasgow performance organisations, some overseas engagements, 2008/09

    National Theatre Scotland            Ireland, Canada, US, Australia, New Zealand
    Scottish Ballet                      China (09/10)
    Royal Scottish National Orchestra    France, Netherlands, Germany (09/10)
    BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra      Holland
    Citizens                             Orebro, New York
    Stammer                              Potsdam, Essen, Antwerp
    Theatre Cryptic                      Netherlands
    Vanishing Point                      Naples, Kosovo

Source: CSG, SAC, organisations.




                                                                                                    30
                                                                                     PERFORMANCE



                                      a
Table 2.29 Glasgow performances , by genre

                            06/07   08/09 Change
                                    Number
    Drama                   559      566     +7
                   b
    Popular music           560      466   -104
    Kids‟ events            206      320   +114
    Musicals                303      188   -114
    Classical music         193      186      -7
    Dance                   112       92    -20
    Opera                    66       65     +1
    Other theatre (panto)   622      705    +87

Source: Glasgow Grows Audiences.
a
    Theatre Royal, King‟s Theatre, Citizens, Tron, Arches, Platform, Glasgow Concert Halls, Tramway;
    excludes SECC venues and Barrowland; includes some workshops and miscellaneous events.
b
    Folk, jazz, rock/pop, world.




                                                                                                 31
                                                                                                       VISUAL ARTS



3.   VISUAL ARTS


Infrastructure

Glasgow has become perhaps the liveliest centre of the visual arts in Britain outside London. The visual arts
infrastructure includes well established centres for contemporary practice (such as the Glasgow Print Studio,
Transmission, Street Level, the Glasgow Sculpture Studio) and huge, much expanded, provision of artist studios.
WASPS has been the main agent in studio development and it is now joined by other providers (Table 3.1).
Several of the contemporary-practice studios were grouped together in 2009 to form 103 Trongate as a creative
hub and visitor facility. It houses nine organisations, with gallery and studio space covering contemporary
practice in painting, printmaking, photography, digital and media, film, ceramics and sculpture. This sits in the
Merchant City, where much property has been redeveloped to meet the needs of artists for studios and galleries.

Artists

The 2001 Census counted 243 individuals occupied as artists living in the City and a further 169 in Outer
Glasgow, 412 in total. Some 70% are self-employed. It is most likely that the total is now significantly larger.
Evidence for this can be found in the growth over the decade of artists‟ groups and collectives. Key current
names include Finn Collective, Lowsalt, Market Gallery and Washington Garcia.

Glasgow School of Art

The role of the Glasgow School of Art, as one of Europe‟s leading art schools, is central to the development of
the visual arts in the City (see Section 9). Some 20% of students come from overseas and its international
professional links extend to other continents (Table 9.14). Its graduates continue to win prizes and accolades
and reinforce the City‟s role as an international magnet for artists. Between 2005 and 2009, 30% of nominees for
the prestigious Turner Prize, and two winners, have been graduates of GSA.

Attendance

Visits by the public to the contemporary practice centres totalled 62k in 2008/09, with little change over the years.
These figures do not cover either the new studios or the newly established artist groups, for which visit numbers
are not available. The galleries in Tramway, the Centre for Contemporary Art, Glasgow School of Art and Collins
Gallery also mount exhibitions of contemporary work. Admissions to these programmes totalled 65k in 2008/09.
The equivalent figure in 1989 was 153k (Table 3.2). One explanation for the fall is the much reduced role of CCA
(previously the Third Eye). Also, the Gallery of Modern Art opened in 1996/97, and has become very active in
                                                                           th
mounting contemporary shows alongside changing displays of its 20 -century collection (Table 5.4). It was
immediately successful with the public, attracting 656k visits in the first year. Admissions totalled 571k in 2008,
up by 3% on 2006, and by 39% on 1997/98. Another new feature is Glasgow International Festival of Visual Art,
a prominent, biennial contemporary-art event, which built attendance to 89k in 2008. Without the GoMA visits
(and excluding the new artist groups/studios), contemporary art attendance grew from 210k in 1989 to 231k in
2007/08. Adding to this figure the GoMA visits, attendance grew from 210k in 1989 to 802k in 2007/08.

Commercial and international developments

In addition to the artist galleries and studios, Glasgow has some fifteen commercial galleries, including several
which deal in contemporary work. No estimates exist for the value of art sales in the City. Vibrant new
commercial galleries opening in Glasgow in the last ten years include The Modern Institute, Sorcha Dallas and
Mary Mary. These and other galleries give Glasgow artists direct access to global markets. As an indication of
Glasgow‟s developing role as an international hub, over half the artists represented by The Modern Institute are
from outwith the City, principally the Continent and the USA (Table 3.3). Similarly, an increasing number of
international artists have moved to the City to join its creative community.
                                                                                               VISUAL ARTS



Table 3.1 Visual arts infrastructure, turnover and staff, 2008/09

                             Turnover     Staff    Orgs
                                £m        FTE       no.
    Contemporary practice      1.82        22        5
    Studios                    1.08       [15]       3
    Groups, galleries          1.10        23       11
    Meeting special needs      0.83        14        3
    Events                     0.88         4        2
    Total                      5.72        78       24

Source: CSG, SAC, organisations.

Table 3.2 Glasgow visual arts institutions, attendance

                                 1989     1990     96/97 06/07     07/08   08/09
                                                      Thousand
                                                                                a
    Glasgow Print Studio          [13]       18        31     17    [14]     14
                                                                                 a
    Street Level                      √        √       14      2       2       2
    Glasgow Sculpture Studio          √        √        ..     5       5      [5]
                                                                                 a
    Transmission                      √        √       16     49      51   [51]
    Sub-total studios/practice      54       68        66     73      72    [62]
    Tramway                          2       55        10     11      11      14
    CCA                           [92]     104         60     21      18    [18]
    Glasgow School of Art         [27]     [27]        27   [16]      16      20
    Collins Gallery                 32       51        58     48      16      13
    Sub-total galleries           153      137       155      96      61      65
                                                                                 a
    Project Ability                 [3]      [3]       [3]    25      25     [2]
    Glasgow International          n/a      n/a       n/a     54       -      89
    Glasgow Art Fair               n/a      n/a      [16]   [16]      16      13
    Sub-total events/needs          [3]      [3]     [19]   [95]      41    104
                b
    Grand total                   210      308       240    264     174     231

Source: GCSF (1998), SAC, CSG, organisations.
a
  Rebased in Trongate 103 in 2009, together with Glasgow Independent Studios, Sharmanka Kinetic Theatre,
  Glasgow Media Access and Russian Cultural Centre.
b
  Numbers available for regular centres only; excludes NVA installations (attracting 120k in 2006/07, 17k in
  2007/08, and 40k in 2008/09); also excludes studios and exhibiting artist groups (such as SWG3, Southside
  Studios, Lowsalt, Washington Garcia) which have expanded considerably in recent years.

Table 3.3 Glasgow visual artists’ representation, by domicile

                 Modern Sorcha
                 Institute Dallas
                 Number of artists
    Glasgow         18      10
    Rest of UK        5       1
    Rest of EU      10        1
    USA               7        -
    Total           40      13

Source: MI and SD websites.




                                                                                                33
                                                                                              VISUAL ARTS



Table 3.4 Glasgow institutions and galleries engaged in Glasgow International Festival of Visual Art, 2010

INSTITUTIONS
Glasgow Print Studios
Glasgow Sculpture Studios
Street Level
Transmission
Gallery of Modern Art
Hunterian Art Gallery
Kelvingrove Museum and Art Gallery
Centre for Contemporary Art
Tramway
Glasgow School of Art
The Mitchell Library
The Arches
BBC Scotland
House for an Art Lover

GALLERIES AND COLLECTIVES
Finn Collective at Glue Factory
Lowsalt
Mary Mary
Market Gallery
Social Landscape
Sorcha Dallas Gallery
The Common Guild
The Modern Institute
Washington Garcia
Intermedia
Ten til Ten
Fred Pedersen and Anne Marie Copestick
David Harding and Ross Birrell
Raydale Dower: Le Drapeau Noir
3 Blows: Urlibido
Sympozeum: Sarah Tripp, Ruth Barker, Kathryn Elkin and Martine Myrup
SWG3
The Whitehouse
Southside Studios
The Duchy
WASPS

CITY-WIDE PROJECTS
NVA: City-wide
Susan Philipsz
City Centre Bridges
GI Hub: 68 Miller Street – David Maljkovic and Gerard Byrne
Modern Terra
The Tall Ship
Streetland
Modblocks

Source: Glasgow International.




                                                                                              34
                                                           VISUAL ARTS



Table 3.5 Glasgow commercial galleries

ARTeries
Art Experience
Compass Gallery
Cyril Gerber Fine Art
Ewan Mundy
Glasgow Gallery
John Green
Mansfield Park
Mary Mary
Roger Billcliffe
Royal Glasgow Institution Kelly Gallery
Russian Cafe-Gallery Cossack Ok
Smithy Gallery
Sorcha Dallas
The Modern Institute

Source: Glasgow Galleries Guide April – June 2010 (CSG).




                                                           35
                                                            MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL



4.   MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL


Multi-occupancy centres

Glasgow has several multi-occupancy and multi-art-form centres for the arts (Table 4.2). Some pull
together a range of organisations offering varied specialisms within one field. Others in one place
provide for developing activities in more than one art form. The multi-occupancy centres include
Trongate 103 (for the visual arts), Film City, Garret‟s Mask and Puppet Theatre (which includes mime
and some physical theatre) and City Halls (for music promotion and education), which houses the BBC
SSO, SMIC, the GES music service and provides the Glasgow base for the SCO.

Multi-art form centres

The multi-art form entities are headed by the legendary Tramway (a centre for international work in the
visual arts and performance, with versatile spaces and a growing focus on dance) and the CCA (a
cross-discipline platform for digital/performance art and experimental cinema, and a base for
organisations and small businesses in the arts). Scotland‟s conservatoire, the Royal Scottish Academy
of Music and Drama is another multi-art-form institution, which provides many public performances in
music, drama, opera, music theatre and modern ballet. The Bridge is a community arts centre in a new
building, which also houses a pool, library and college, with strong links to the local voluntary sector in
Easterhouse.

Literature promotion and support

Literature has no general organisation serving the art form in the City, though in certain respects the
Glasgow Library Service fulfils this function. Its new Aye Write! festival focuses on writers and reading.
Specialist literary organisations in the City include the Playwrights‟ Studio, a test-bed for new stage
writing, and two promotional bodies, The Gaelic Books Council and the Association of Scottish Literary
Studies (Table 4.1). SAC (now Creative Scotland) is a valuable source of small grants to new writing in
the City. In 2008/09, grants were given to playwrights (11) and other individual authors (4), as well as
promotional bodies (Mirrorball, ConFAB, Lapidus, Variant and two storytelling units), publishers (4) and
exchange arrangements (2).

Screen and media access

Glasgow has three organisations devoted to advancing the understanding of film and screen culture.
The Glasgow Film Theatre (GFT) is long established and its admissions are expanding. They totalled
160k in 2009, up from 125k in 2005/06 (Table 4.4). The success of the GFT‟s Glasgow Film Festival
makes a significant contribution to this. The Glasgow Media Access Centre and Camcorder Guerrillas
provide professional services and social access to media facilities and technical advice.

Cinema attendance

Total cinema attendance in Glasgow (overwhelmingly at the commercial screens) is an estimate (Table
4.3). The calculations suggest 3.6 million admissions to the screens in the City and a further 2.9 million
in Outer Glasgow, with 7% growth between 2006 and 2009 (Table 4.4). The divisions between
commercial and art cinema are less sharp than once believed. Scottish Screen (now within Creative
Scotland) has persuaded commercial cinemas to show “art” films.

Screen and digital industries

The screen and digital industries are a major feature of the Glasgow economy. Some 57% of Scotland‟s
screen-production infrastructure is based in Glasgow, comprising around 200 businesses, including 47%
of Scotland‟s production companies and 60% of its facilities (Table 4.5). Scotland‟s principal
broadcasters, BBC Scotland and the STV Group, are both based in the City (Table 4.9). They make
upwards of 960 television production hours a year (Table 4.10). According to the Glasgow Film Office,
the direct spend on film and TV drama production in the City rose from £7.7 million in 2003 to £17.8
million in 2008 (Table 4.7). The total high impact screen production was valued at £33.6 million in 2008,
of which 52% was generated by Glasgow-based companies (Table 4.6). The activity covered features,
TV comedy/drama and documentary (Table 4.8). 2010 is said by industry voicesto have been the best
year for independent features for some time. The new Film City is a successful addition to the screen
facilities in the City. It continues to be fully let and the production offices are heavily used. Work is
attracted out of London to its Dolby Gold Standard kit, a unique facility in Western Europe. The prize-
winning Sigma continues to lead the independent TV-producing cluster in the City.
                                                           MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL



Cultural Enterprise Office

The Cultural Enterprise Office works in the creative economy at the interface between artistic
commitment and small-business formation (Table 4.11). As a national body, based in Glasgow, some
41% of its work is in Glasgow and west central Scotland, 36% in Edinburgh and east central, and 23% in
the rest of Scotland. The main demands for CEO services, which are expanding, come from the visual
arts, design and audio-visual are key domains, together with performance and heritage (Table 4.12).

Support organisations

Glasgow is home to a number of organisations which provide support to various parts of the cultural
sector. They include bodies with specific art-form interests, such as the Scottish Music Information
Centre and three in literature. The creative industries are served by the Cultural Enterprise Office, the
Glasgow office of Creative Scotland and by the Glasgow Film Office. Other bodies with a Glasgow
focus include the arts development and events units of Glasgow Life and Glasgow Grows Audiences.
Two international cultural agencies, Alliance Française and the Goethe Institute, are also based in the
City (Table 4.13).




                                                                                                     37
                                                              MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL



Table 4.1 Glasgow multi-art-form centres and other domains, turnover and staff, 2008/09

                          Turnover   Staff   Orgs
                             £m      FTE      no.
                   a
    Multi-art form          2.96       57      4
        b             c
    Lit. & audio-vis.       2.50      [50]     7
    Total                   5.43     107      11

Source: CSG, SAC.
a
    Tramway, Centre for Contemporary Art, Platform and Mask & Puppet Centre.
b
    Gaelic Book Council, Association of Scottish Literary Studies, Playwrights‟ Studio, Aye Write; excludes
    16 small grants given to other organisations and 11 grants given to playwrights..
c
    Glasgow Film Theatre, Glasgow Media Access and Guerrilla Camcorder; see Tables 4.9 and 4.10 for
    BBC Scotland and STV group; excludes commercial cinema.

Table 4.2 Glasgow multi-art form and other centres

                                                                                                  Activity
    Centre                                                Function
                                                                                                  tables
    Tramway                      Legendary centre for international work in visual arts &
                                 performance; versatile spaces; Scottish Ballet HQ, studios     2.4, 2.5, 3.2
                                 and production workshops; base for independent dance
                                 Platform for cross-discipline digital/performance art &
    Centre for                   experimental cinema; base for numerous organisations and
                                                                                                2.4, 2.5, 3.2
    Contemporary Art             small businesses in the arts, which contribute to the
                                 programme
                                 Community arts centre; professional programming and
               a
    Platform                     participatory work in dance, music, drama & visual arts;
                                                                                                     ..
                                 resident dance company; strong links to local voluntary
                                 sector
                                 Scotland‟s conservatoire; advanced training for entry into
    Royal Scottish Academy       music, drama, theatre tech, opera, music theatre & modern
                                                                                                  2.4, 2.5
    of Music & Drama             ballet; many public performances in own halls/theatres and
                                 on tour
                                 Mask, puppetry, mime and physical theatre centre;
    Garret Mask & Puppet         presents (in own theatre) home-produced & visiting shows;
                                                                                                  2.4, 2.5
                                 workshops, school visits, in-service teacher training,
                                 exhibitions
                                 Creative hub & visitor facility for contemporary practice in
    Trongate 103                 painting, printmaking, photography, digital media, film,
                                                                                                    3.2
                                 ceramics & sculpture; houses 9 organisations, with gallery
                                 & studio spaces
a
    Within the Bridge, a new building, which also houses FE college, library and pool.




                                                                                                          38
                                                       MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL



Table 4.3 Glasgow City and Outer Glasgow, cinemas, screen numbers and seat, 2009

                                          Screens    Seats
 Glasgow City:
  Cineworld, Renfrew Street                  18      4,232
  Showcase Cinemas, Glasgow East             14      3,580
  Odeon, Springfield Quay                    12      2,603
  Odeon, Renfield Street                      9      2,008
  Cineworld, Parkhead                         7      1,913
  Glasgow Film Theatre, Rose Street           2        548
  Grosvenor Cinema, Ashton Lane               2        208
  Imax Theatre, Glasgow Science Centre        1        370
                                             65     15,462
 Outer Glasgow:
  Braehead, Odeon                            12      2,436
  Clydebank, Empire                          10      2,554
  East Kilbride, Odeon                        9      2,008
  Hamilton, Vue Cinemas                       9      1,515
  Paisley, Showcase Cinemas                  14      3,656
                                             54     12,169
 Total                                      119     26,911

Source: websites.

Table 4.4 Glasgow cinemas, attendance

                             2006    2007 2008      2009
                                       Thousand
 Glasgow City commercial     3,185   3,290 3,291    3,399
 Glasgow Film Theatre (FY)     125     137    162     160
 Glasgow City total          3,310   3,427 3,453    3,559
 Outer Glasgow commercial    2,730   2,821 2,821    2,913
 Total                       6,040   6,248 6,274    6,472

Source: CSG (GFT); Creative Scotland; UKFC; EDI/CAA (attendance estimated from central Scotland
screen averages and UK attendance totals).




                                                                                              39
                                                                MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL



Table 4.5 Scotland’s screen production infrastructure, by location, 2009

                                        Rest of           GLA
                              GLA                 Total
                                       Scotland            %
    Production companies       30         34         64    47
    Workshops                   4           6        10    40
    Facilities                165        112        277    60
    Total                     199        152        351    57

Source: Film Bang.

Table 4.6 Glasgow high-impact screen production activity, shooting days and budgets, by
Glasgow indigenous and incoming companies, 2008

                              Shooting                Local
                                           Budget
                               in GLA                spend
                                            (£k)
                                (days)                 (£k)
    Indigenous companies         298       17,486    11,396
    Incomers                     133        9,531     4,722
                   a
    Outwith Glasgow                4        6,548     1,194
    Total                        435       33,585    17,312

Source: Glasgow Film Office.
a
    With location/post-production spend in Glasgow.

Table 4.7 Glasgow film and television drama production

           Direct                %
                    Screen
            local              Con
    Year             office              Notable productions
           spend                ver
                     enqs.
             (£k)              sions
    2003     7.90    215        40       Dear Frankie, Unleashed, Sea of Souls, Ae Fond Kiss
    2004   18.17     201        56       The Jacket, On a Clear Day, Festival, Meet the McGoons, Missing
    2005   13.66     230        42       Red Road, The Flying Scotsman, Nina‟s Heavenly Delights
    2006   12.37     238        55       Hallam Foe, Rebus, Senseless
    2007   11.19     283        67       ..
    2008   17.76     266        68       Rounding Up Donkeys, Valhalla Rising, Wasted

Source: Glasgow Film Office.




                                                                                                       40
                                                               MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL



                                   a
Table 4.8 Glasgow high-impact screen production activity, by company, production and format,
2008

    COMPANY                        PRODUCTION                        FORMAT
    Glasgow based
    BBC Scotland                   Fiona‟s Story                     TV drama
                                   No Holes Bard                     TV comedy
                                   Old Guys                          TV comedy (x6)
    STV                            Taggart                           TV drama (x10)
    Comedy Unit                    Burnistoun                        TV comedy
                                   Gary‟s War                        TV comedy
                                   Only an Excuse                    TV comedy
                                   Incredible Will and Greg Show     TV comedy
                                   Rab C Nesbit                      TV comedy
                                   Limmy Show                        TV comedy pilot
    Sigma Films                    I Love Luci                       Short
                                   Rounding Up Donkeys               Feature
    Tern Television                KNTV                              Learning (x10)
    Shared Moment Productions      Next Time Ned                     Feature
                                   Broken Spectre                    Road Safety commercial
                                   Stacked                           TV drama pilot
    Effingee Productions           Dear Green Place                  TV comedy (x6)
    Lansdowne Productions          New Ten Commandments              Documentary feature
    La Belle Alley/Nimbus Films    Valhalla Rising                   Feature
    Raindog                        Wasted                            Feature

    From elsewhere
    Machine Productions            Zig Zag Love                      TV drama
    BBC                            39 Steps                          TV drama
    2 AM Films                     PAs                               TV drama (x3)
    Catherine Bailey Productions   Life of Reilly                    TV comedy (x6)
    Brown Eyed Boy                 How Not to Live Your Life         TV comedy (x6)
    Hat Trick                      God on Trial                      TV drama

Source: Glasgow Film Office.
a
    Five days or more shooting.




                                                                                                   41
                                                           MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL



Table 4.9 Principal broadcasters in Glasgow, turnover and staff

                        06/07      07/08
    TURNOVER (£m)
    BBC Scotland
     Scotland            77.8       73.4
     Network             42.8       55.5
     Total              120.6      128.9
              a
    STV Group           120.0      102.0
    Total               240.6      240.9
    STAFF (no.)
     BBC (GLA only)       ..       1,320
          a
     STV                 728         595
                                         b
    Total                 ..       1,915

Source: BBC Scotland executive reports; STV Group accounts.
a
    Calendar year: STV Group data include Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Dundee, Inverness and Pearl & Dean.
b
    Annual business enquiry data show total employees in all VAT registered TV/radio business units in
    Glasgow City at 3,360 (2005); the 2001 (10% sample) Census reported 203 self-employed
    broadcasting professionals resident in Greater Glasgow.

Table 4.10 Production hours by principal broadcasters in Glasgow

                      2007      2008
    BBC Scotland
     In-house         710       723
     Independent      120       112
     Total            869       857
              a
    STV Group         120       112
    Total             989       969

Source: BBC Scotland executive reports; BTV Group accounts.
a
    Calendar year: STV Group data include Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Dundee, Inverness and Pearl & Dean.




                                                                                                    42
                                                           MULTI-ARTS, LITERATURE AND AUDIO-VISUAL



Table 4.11 Cultural Enterprise Office, output data

                                        Yearly
                                       average    08/09
                                              a
                                        04-08
    Clients                             1,326     2,721
    Information requests                2,344     4,153
    Event attendance                      763     1,157
    Advice level 1                        413       587
    Advice level 2                        151       313
    New businesses established            ..         33

Source: Cultural Enterprise Office.
a
    During Four Cities (Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow) phase.

Table 4.12 Cultural Enterprise Office, service use, 2008/09

                                 %
    By geography
     Glasgow/west central         41
     Edinburgh/east central       36
     Rest of Scotland             23
                                 100
    By domain
     Visual arts/design           26
     Audio-visual                 23
     Performance                  19
     Heritage                     16
     Books/publishing              5
     Other/general                11
                                 100

Source: Cultural Enterprise Office.
a
    During Four Cities (Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow) phase.

Table 4.13 Glasgow-based cultural support organisations, 2008/09

                      Turn
                                 Staff     Orgs
                      over           a
                                 FTE        no.
                        £m
              a
    Creatives          [2.60]      [52]      4
              b
    Art forms           5.60      103       10
                 c           d
    Arts support       [2.57 ]     [59]      5
    Total            [10.77]     [214]      19

Source: CSG, SAC, Charity Commission, websites, companies.
a
    Cultural Enterprise Office, Glasgow Film Office, Creative Scotland (screen/digital office).
b
    Dance House, Scottish Music Information Centre, Scottish Piping Centre, Association of Scottish
    Literary Studies, Gaelic Books Council, Playwrights Scotland, Glasgow Building Preservation Trust,
    Glasgow City Heritage Trust, Civic Trust of Scotland, Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society.
c
    CSG (Arts Development and Events Unit only), Glasgow Grows Audiences, Goethe Institute, Alliance
    Française.
d
    Excluding CSG overhead charges.




                                                                                                    43
                                                                                                 MUSEUMS


5.      MUSEUMS


Sites

Glasgow has some 17 registered museums open to the public. Ten are the property of the City. The
remainder are independent museums, including the important Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery,
owned by the University of Glasgow. Their turnover was rather over £17 million in 2008/09, with a
workforce of 391 FTE, including those in support services (Table 5.1). The quality and range of
Glasgow‟s collections and the architectural importance of some of the museum buildings make them an
exceptional resource. Additionally, there are 22 registered museums in Outer Glasgow (Table 5.2).

Collections

The City collections complement and match in quality those of the Scottish National Gallery and the
                                                                                       th
Scottish National Museum in Edinburgh. Kelvingrove has European art from the 16 century onwards,
                                     th
with Italian, Dutch and important 19 -century French holdings, as well as Scottish painting and Glasgow
decorative art from the Mackintosh period. The huge Burrell Collection holds classical antiquities,
oriental art, medieval art with important tapestries and stained glass, European painting, again with
             th
notable 19 -century French holdings, not least outstanding Degas and other Impressionists. The
Transport Museum‟s Clyde ship models and Scottish cars are international highlights within an
exceptional collection. The local history, archaeology, natural history and textile collections are further
major aspects of the City‟s collections.

Attendance

The museums of Glasgow attract an impressive total attendance, some 3.52 million in 2009, of which
the City museums account for 93% and the independents 7% (Table 5.3). This is the largest number of
visits to registered museums in any UK city outside London (Table 13.13). Among the City‟s sites,
Kelvingrove is much the biggest draw, followed by GoMA and the Museum of Transport (Table 5.4).

Geographic origins of visitors

Some 42% of the attendance at the City museums is by Glasgow residents, a further 21% from Outer
Glasgow and the remaining 37% from further afield, including an estimated 26% staying visitors (Table
11.6). Annual visits per head by Glasgow City residents to the City museums average 2.43, ranging
from 1.78 visits by South-West residents of the City to 3.51 by people in the West (Table 5.8).

Impact of new museums

Several new museums have boosted attendance in the City. St Mungo (1995/96) and GoMA (1996/97)
have succeeded in maintaining subsequent attendances at levels similar to those achieved on opening
(Table 5.4). In contrast, the early interest in the Burrell Collection was massive, but it now attracts only
a fifth of the attendance received in its first years. The Museums Resource Centre (2003) is a path-
finding open store which draws some 5k visitors annually.

Kelvingrove refurbishment

The major refurbishment of Kelvingrove led to an initial doubling of its attendance on re-opening (2006),
which brought the City museums‟ overall figure to 4.27 million and the Glasgow total to 4.47 million. It
was anticipated that total attendance would fall from the exceptional peak of 2007 once the initial
excitement of the Kelvingrove reopening waned. The 2009 3.52 million total attendance still remains a
major result, which sits some 25% above the level of 25 years ago (Table 5.3).

Professional outputs

Re-display, rotation, exhibitions and events are essential to sustaining interest and attendance at
museums long term. This also involves research and conservation, which advances the understanding
and appreciation of the collections. In 2006/07, the Glasgow City museums conserved over a thousand
objects and received over a thousand day-research visits at a time when 15 research
projects/assignments were in progress (Table 5.5). This was in addition to the work on the re-displays
of Kelvingrove and of the Museum of Transport holdings for the forthcoming Riverside Museum.

Temporary exhibitions

Glasgow experimented in the 1990s by putting major exhibitions in the McLellan Galleries in central
Glasgow (Table 5.7). After 1990, the visits per day were disappointing, apart from the Home of the
Brave and Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Perhaps the investment in exhibitions was insufficient to trigger
sustained major interest and the central location of the McLellan proved testingly remote from the life of
                                                                                               MUSEUMS


the institution. Major shows have been switched to Kelvingrove, where popular exhibitions, Kylie and Dr
Who, have recently been mounted. A new temporary exhibition strategy, with a regular pattern of major
shows, aims to balance the interest of the public and of the institution and advance the appreciation of
its collections. The recent great success with The Glasgow Boys exhibition may show the way forward
(Table 5.8).

Learning and access

The extensive work of the museum learning team comprised some 6,613 sessions in 2008/09 (Table
9.11). These were split between programmes for schools (61%), closely tailored to the formal
curriculum, and for other publics (39%), young people, families and talks‟ programmes (Table 9.12).
These drew some 184,000 participations (2008/09) and constitute an investment both in current
understanding and in the visitors of the future.

Riverside Museum

The opening of the new Riverside Museum in 2011 will stimulate significant extra public interest in the
transport collections and in Glasgow. A major recasting of the Burrell is intended as the next big project
for the museums.

Hunterian
                                                                          th                       th
At the University, the Hunterian‟s collections of Whistlers, Mackintosh, 18 -century British and 19 - and
    th
20 -century Scottish pictures are another exceptional Glasgow resource. Hunterian visitor numbers
(Table 5.3) are 68k for the art gallery and 52k for the museum (2007). They remain well below the
levels achieved in the mid-1990s, despite the excellent run of small, changing exhibitions which
illuminate the Hunterian displays.

Other independents

Among the independent museums, points to note are the success of the Scottish Football Museum,
drawing some 59k visitors in 2008, and the continuing relative popularity of Pollok House, with 81k visits
(2008). This is operated by the National Trust for Scotland on behalf of the owner, Glasgow City
Council (Table 5.3). The Glasgow Science Centre, whilst not a registered museum, presents concepts
of natural science and technology through displays and educational programmes. It draws upwards of
400k visitors annually.




                                                                                                        45
                                                                                                MUSEUMS



                                                                  a
Table 5.1 Glasgow City museums and library infrastructure , turnover and staff, 2008/09

                                    Turnover     Staff    Orgs
                                      £m         FTE       no.
                                                      a       b
    Glasgow City Museums             17.38       391       12
                             c
    Other registered museums          3.66       107        7
                                                     a        d
    Libraries/archive                14.96       405       34

Source: CSG, Cipfa, Charity Commission, institution websites
a
    With estimates of staff in support services.
b
    Sites; includes Martyrs‟ School (no longer open to the public) and the McLellan Galleries (closed since
    2005). .
c
    Excludes Glasgow School of Art (see Section 9).
d
    Service points and community libraries.

Table 5.2 Glasgow and Outer Glasgow registered museums, 1990, 1995 and 2009
                              a
                       1990        1995 2009
    Glasgow City                  Number
                  b                         c
     City Council        8          11   12
     Independent         7           7    7
     Total              15          18   19
    Outer Glasgow
     LA                  6          14    16
                                             d
     Independent         2           1     6
     Total               8          15    22
    Greater Glasgow     23          33    41

Source: MLA, Museums & Galleries Scotland.
a
    As covered in Monitoring Glasgow 1990 (1991); includes several institutions only registered
    subsequent to that year.
b
    Includes Pollok House, owned by the City Council but managed by NTS.
c
    Includes the McLellan Galleries and the Martyrs‟ School, which are closed to the public.
d
    Includes five museums in South Lanarkshire which prior to the 1996 local authority reorganisation lay
    outwith Greater Glasgow.
                                                                                                                         MUSEUMS



Table 5.3 Glasgow museums, visits

                        85/86    1989     1990     91/92    95/96  96/97    97/98        2006      2007     2008     2009
                                                                  Thousand
    Glasgow City mus    2,696    2,951    3,374    2,453    2,341  3,316   [2,542]       3,928     4,271    3,359    3,264
    Other reg mus         127      145      191      185      193    199     [199]         227       204      212      257
    Total               2,823    3,096    3,565    2,638    2,534  3,515   [2,741]       4,155     4,475    3,571    3,521

Source: see Table 5.4.

Table 5.4 Glasgow registered museums, visits

                        85/86    1989     1990     91/92    95/96     96/97   97/98       2006      2007     2008     2009
                                                                     Thousand
    GCC
     Burrell            1,050      491      879      408      298      309        285       204      193      203       203
     GOMA                  n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a     656        410       554      563      571       537
                                                                                              a
     Kelvingrove          806    1,016    1,002      896      996    1,084     1,040     1,861     2,232    1,445     1,368
                    b
     McLellan Galls        n/a     130      130       70       56      217         32          -       -        -         -
     Mus of Trans         300      634      536      501      397      442        440       506      536      456       469
     People‟s Palace      244      351      467      289      245      249         7c       333      278      252       269
     Prov Lord et ald     124      182      199      148      127      107         98       132      126      116       117
     Pollok Housee        172      147      161      141       71      42c          ..       80       79       81        86
     St Mungo‟s            n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a     151      155        131       179      188      158       144
     Scotland St Sch       n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      55         57        57       56       61        65
     Mus Res Centre       n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a        n/a        10        6        5         6
     Total              2,696    2,951    3,374    2,453    2,341    3,316    [2,542]     3,928    4,271    3,359     3,264
    Other reg‟d mus
     Glas Sch of Art        2      [10]     [10]     [10]      11       19          ..      21        20       17        25
     Heather Bank           3         ø        ø        ø        ø        ø         ø        ø         ø        ø         ø
     Hunterian AG                   60      109      104      112      109          ..     [77]       68      [62]       80
                          116
     Hunterian Mus                  67       64       61       62       61          ..     [40]       52      [70]       79
     Roy Highl‟d Fus         6       [8      [8]      [8]        8      10          ..        5       [4]        3       [3]
     Sc Ftball Mus         n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a       n/a       48        51       49        41
     Tall Ship Mus         n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a      n/a       n/a      [36]      [35]      31        29
     Total                127      145      191      185      193     199c      [199]      227       204      212       257
    All reg mus         2,823    3,096    3,565    2,638    2,534    3,515    [2,741]    4,155     4,475    3,571f    3,521

Source: EIAG (1998), CSG, Visit Scotland.
a
    Reopened July.
b
    Closed from October 2005.
c
    Partial closure in year.
d
    Also includes Rutherglen Museum (till 1996), Hagg‟s Castle (till 1996), Fossil Grove (from 1993/94 to
    2006), Martyr‟s School (from 199X to 2008).
e
    Operated by National Trust service 199X.
f
    Glasgow Science Centre, which is not a registered museum, received 481k visits in 2008, 481k in
    2007 and 411k in 2006.




                                                                                                                               47
                                                                                                   MUSEUMS



Table 5.5 Glasgow City Museums, outputs, 2006/07

    Collections
                                               a
     Accessions                         1,285
                                             ab
     Loans                                64
    Conservation
     Objects assessed                   5,477
     Objects treated                    1,175
    Research
                                               c
     Internal projects                     4
     Staff assignments                      8
                                             d
     External research projects            3
     Rsrch visits to museums (days)     1,140
    Temporary exhibitions
     Burrell                                  5
     GOMA                                     9
                                               e
     Kelvingrove                             3
     Museum of Transport                      1
     People‟s Palace                          2
     St Mungo                                 4
     Scotland Street School                  10
     Overseas                                 2
    Support
     Volunteers                           296
       Volunteer tours                  1,485
       Volunteer research (days)        1,152
     Placements (number)                   65

Source: Glasgow Museums, Annual Accreditation Report 2006/07.
a
    2005/06 figure.
b
    Excluding open museum.
c
    Excluding development and re-display of Kelvingrove and Riverside.
d
    Undertaken by various university departments in arrangement with CSG
e
    Closed until [June].

Table 5.6 Glasgow City Museums, Glasgow residents’ attendance, by Glasgow community area,
2008

                                                      S     S              All
                                       W       N                   E
                                                     W      E             Glas
                                                                               a
    Visits by Glasgow residents (k)   492    220    208    271    220    1,411
    Resident population (k)            140   116     117   101     107     581
    Attendance per head               3.51   1.90   1.78   2.68   2.06    2.43

Source: CSG surveys and analysis.
a
    Glasgow residents proportion as in table 11.6, applied to Glasgow City Museum total visits..




                                                                                                       48
                                                                                     MUSEUMS



Table 5.7 Glasgow City museums, temporary exhibitions at McClellan Galleries

                                                 Visits
            Title             Days     Visits
                                                per day
 1990
  British Art Show               40    25,807      645
  Glasgow‟s GB art show          44    26,381      600
  Art Machine                    85    64,804      762
  RGI 1990                       19     5,904      311
  Scotland Creates              135    17,063      126
 1991
  Out of Order                   67    21,012      314
  Magnum – In Our Time           87    33,392      384
  RGI 1991                       26     4,791      184
 1992
  Alan Davie                     66     9,832      149
                                       170,48
  Home of the Brave             129         3     1,322
  RGI 1992                       25     7,315       292
  Niki de St Phalle             137    16,487       120
 1993
  Glasgow Print Studio           32    16,091      503
  Peter Howson                   67    18,521      276
  RGI 1993                       32     8,652      270
 1994
  The Bigger Picture            113    24,433      216
  Sharmanka                      32     2,501       78
  Sharmanka & Salgado           109    20,445      188
  RGI 1994                       28    11,624      415
  An American Passion            78    13,345      171
 1995
  Art Machine „95               147    42,203      287
  RGI 1995                       27     7,285      270
 1996
  Fuse                           31     6,942      224
                                       208,74
  Charles Rennie Mackintosh     131         2     1,593
 1997
  Robots                          4     8,000     2,000
  Birth of Impressionism        111    33,621       303

Source: CSG.

Table 5.8 Glasgow City Museums, exhibitions in Kelvingrove temporary exhibition gallery

                                                 Visits   Charge
            Title             Days     Visits
                                                per day    /free
 2007
  Fonn‟s Duthchas                66     3,267       50      F
 2008
  Kylie                         121   165,249     1,366     F
  Harry Benson                  108    97,232       900     F
  Impressionism in Scotland      89    11,528       129     C
 2009
  Dr Who                        279   135,837      487      C
 2010
  The Glasgow Boys              172   123,289      717      C

Source: CSG.




                                                                                          49
                                                                  MUSEUMS



Table 5.9 Hunterian Art Gallery, exhibitions 2007/08

 Title                                                  Dates
 Glasgow 1990                                          Sept-Dec
 A Victorian Master: Drawings by Lord Leighton         Jan-Apr
 Whistler Pastels                                      Jan-Apr
 Rubens to Mackintosh: Drawings from the Hunterian     May-Sept
 A Renaissance Master: Prints by Parmigianino          Apr-Aug




                                                                      50
                                                                              HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND HERITAGE


6.      HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND HERITAGE


Assets

Glasgow‟s built heritage strides centuries of history and reflects the City‟s climb to the height of its
international importance and industrial prosperity. Glasgow has some 3,681 Category A listed buildings
(8% of Scotland‟s total), 16 scheduled monuments and five listed parks (Table 6.4). These assets
include architectural legacies of international significance (Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Alexander
                                                                                    th
“Greek” Thompson), Scotland‟s finest medieval cathedral and remarkable 19 -century townscape
(reinterpretations of the tenement tradition, planned suburbs on a European scale, showy commercial
                                                                           th
premises, great public institutions, industrial premises), and important 20 -century contributions, eg the
work of Gillespie, Kidd & Coia.

Visitable interiors
                                                          3
The visitable interiors are relatively few, twelve in total, with six linked to Mackintosh and one to
Thompson. Their number were increased with the opening of Holmwood and the addition of the House
of an Art Lover, The Lighthouse, with its Mackintosh exhibitions, and Scotland Street School. This
strengthened the visitor potential and the result was impressive growth in visits (Table 6.2).

Visit growth plateau

The Mackintosh group clocked 376k visits in 2008, compared to 47k in 1990, an eightfold increase, in
which the Lighthouse and the House of an Art Lover have been particularly important. There is a cap on
the visitor capacity at the Glasgow School of Art, but this will be addressed as part of the new Holl
building, to be completed in 2013. Visits to the non-Mackintosh heritage buildings total 178k in 2008,
which is significantly higher (by 84%) than 1990. But the big changes in heritage attendance would
appear now to be a thing of the past. Total visitor numbers have changed little in the past four years
and remain at around 560k per annum (Table 6.3).

Policy elements

Responsibility for managing, conserving and improving Glasgow‟s built environment lies with
Development and Regeneration Services (DRS) in the City Council (Table 6.5). It works through
designating conservation areas (22 across the City), processing listed building applications (Table 6.6)
and advancing improvement projects, such as the three townscape heritage initiatives (Lottery funded),
Merchant City, Parkhead Cross and Govan Cross, as well as providing public information and
education. Historic Scotland has regulatory oversight for listing and care, but no office in Glasgow.

Independent bodies

Independent bodies at work on the heritage include the Glasgow City Heritage Trust (building repair
grants), the Glasgow Building Preservation Trust (conservation projects) and the Scottish Civic Trust
(among many other things overseeing the Doors Open event). The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society
promotes appreciation of this remarkable body of work. The Lighthouse functions as Scotland‟s “centre
for architecture and design”. It is housed in a Mackintosh building and includes a permanent exhibition
of the Lighthouse on the architect (Table 6.7). The City Council took responsibility for staff and some
property costs in 2009. A new business plan will include a refurbished Mackintosh exhibition.

Heritage events

Major progress has been made with the heritage fabric in the City. This includes much high quality
lighting, which was brought to the public‟s attention in the Glasgow Lighting Festivals, held in 2005 and
again in 2007. They drew respectively 67k and 75k visitors (Table 6.8).

Engagement

Some 26 trails‟ leaflets and 20 tour guides are available, covering 37 different architectural, townscape
and garden topics (Table 6.9). DRS produced 14 of the leaflets and variously the Library Service, the
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society, the University of Glasgow, local conservation groups, and The
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, the remainder. DRS works
with schools on heritage learning and holds an annual local history fair. Additionally, there is an

3
    Includes six properties run primarily as heritage visitor facilities, one of which doubles as headquarters for the
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society, four properties which are also classified as registered museums (one of which
    includes the Mackintosh House), the Glasgow School of Art, which continues with its prime function as a working art
    school, and Glasgow Cathedral; the count does not include various listed theatre buildings, such as the King‟s
    Theatre and the Theatre Royal.
                                                                      HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND HERITAGE


important level of voluntary interest in history and heritage within Glasgow, with some 28 societies
(2008) covering local areas, specific design, particular architects and even individual buildings (Table
10.5).

Collaboration

An archaeology service is subscribed to by Glasgow City Council, together with 11 other adjacent local
authorities and the Loch Lomond National Park. It is hosted by Glasgow City Council, which also
maintains a further archaeology post in the Museums Service. World Heritage Status has been given to
the Antonine Wall, which runs in part through Glasgow. Equivalent status is also being sought for a
group of Mackintosh buildings in the City. These initiatives are evidence of the established level of
collaborative practice amongst neighbouring local authorities in relation to their heritage responsibilities.

Advocacy and opportunity

The historic-building visitor attractions, together with The Lighthouse and the heritage agencies/support
organisations, had a turnover of some £8 million in 2008/09, with staff of 77 FTE (Table 6.1). These
figures seem modest for the significance of this asset. Although trails, guides and heritage visits have
multiplied, Glasgow‟s architectural/heritage riches could still benefit from sharper articulation and
advocacy, given their importance to tourism and the life of the City. The numerous voluntary
organisations interested in the architecture and heritage could become an even more energising
resource. Exciting new buildings from Zaha Hadid (Riverside Museum) and Stephen Holl (facing
Glasgow School of Art, of which it will form a part) will certainly quicken interest.




                                                                                                         52
                                                                    HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND HERITAGE


Table 6.1 Glasgow heritage infrastructure, turnover and staff, 2008/09

                             Turnover     Staff   Orgs
                                £m        FTE      no.
                      ab                              b
    Historic buildings         2.19        26       4
    Lighthouse                 3.20       [20]      1
                       c
    Support, agencies          2.96        31       4
    Total                      8.35        77       9

Source: CSG, Charity Commission, websites, DRS within GCC.
a
    Only includes those operated solely as heritage visitor facilities, House of an Art Lover, Tenement
    House, Holmwood House and Trades Hall.
b
    Seven other organisations variously included under museums, heritage support and training.
c
    Glasgow Building Preservation Trust (runs Doors Open Festival in Glasgow), Glasgow City Heritage
    Trust, Civic Trust Scotland and Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society; Development and Regeneration
    Service Conservation, Townscape Initiative projects and environmental teams within Glasgow City
    Council (total [31] staff); no financial information available.

Table 6.2 Glasgow City historic buildings and gardens, visits

                                 1990 1997      2008
                                       Thousand
    Glasgow School of Art         √         31   17
                                                    b
    House of Art Lover           n/a        √    83
    Queen‟s Cross                 √         √     7
                      a                             b
    Mackintosh House              √       [44]   31
    Lighthouse                   n/a       n/a  177
    Scotland St School              -       57   61
                                      c             d
    All Mackintosh               [47]     144   376

    Tenement House                √          √        17
    Hutcheson‟s Hall              √          √       n/a
    Glasgow Cathedral             √          √      154
    Holmwood                     n/a        n/a        5
    Trades Hall                  n/a        n/a        2
                                      c
    All other properties         [97]      173      178

    Doors Open                     7        65       54
                                     c
    All historic buildings       151       382      608
             e
    Gardens                      511       487      430

Source: GCSF (1998), Visit Scotland, CSG, institutions.
a
    Within Hunterian Art Gallery.
b
    2006 figure.
c
    Subtotals estimated from 1990 figure using 1997 proportions.
d
    The Willow Tea Rooms reported 94k visitors in 2007
e
    Numbers relate to Glasgow Botanic Gardens, Greenbank Gardens, and, for 1990 and 1997 only,
    Glasgow Zoo, now closed; Glasgow‟s 5 listed historic gardens and designed landscapes are Glasgow
    Botanic Gardens, Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow Necropolis, Pollok Park and Victoria Park, each with
    free admission.




                                                                                                     53
                                                                      HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND HERITAGE


Table 6.3 Glasgow City historic buildings and gardens, visits

                                                                                    Charge
                                   2005         2006         2007          2008
                                                                                     /free
                                                        Number
                                                                                a
    Glasgow School of Art        22,770       20,630       20,662        17,218       c
                                                                                b
    Mackintosh Church             5,614        closed       6,748         6,580       f
                      c
    Mackintosh House             31,120       31,352      [31,352]      [31,352]      c
    Scotland Street School       54,519       56,834       55,652         61,419      f
    House of Art Lover           93,110       89,165      [89,165]        83,136      c
    Martyrs‟ School              [1,959]      [2,235]        -                  -     f
    Lighthouse                  184,567      176,913    [176,913]     [176,913]       c

    Glasgow Cathedral           134,172      156,221      159,174      153,498        f
    Holmwood House                4,666        4,487        4,069        4,759        c
    Hutcheson‟s Hall              2,536          971         -               -        f
    Tenement House               16,036       15,067       18,155       16,746        c
    Trades Hall                   1,644          658        2,497        2,480        f
                                                                  d
    Total                       552,713      554,534      564,390      560,130

    Doors Open Day              [54,293]     [54,293]     [54,293]      54,293        f
    Festival of Light                  -       67,000      70,000            -        f

    Total buildings             607,006      675,827      688,683      614,423

    Glasgow Botanic Gardens    [350,000]    [400,000]   [400,000]     [400,000]       f
    Greenbank Gardens             30,543       29,145     31,244         29,624       c

Source: Visit Scotland, CSG, institutions
a
    Attendance rose to 26,425, in 2009.
b
    Attendance rose to 7,042 in 2009.
c
    Within Hunterian Art Gallery.
d
    The Willow Tea Rooms reported 94k visitors in 2007.




                                                                                                  54
                                                                             HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND HERITAGE


Table 6.4 Glasgow City listed buildings, designed landscape and scheduled monuments, by
percentage of Scotland total

                                                      GLA
                                GLA        Scot
                                                       %
                                          Number
    Listed buildings
      Category A                 281       3,681      7.6
      Category B               1,277      23,846      5.3
      Category C                 285      19,992      1.4
      Total                    1,843      47,519      3.9

    Designed landscapes               5     386       1.3
    Scheduled monuments              16    8,103      0.2

Source: Historic Scotland.

Table 6.5 Glasgow City, conservation areas, staffs, heritage and actions, 2008/09

                                          No.
    Conservation areas                     22
    Local authority staff
     Heritage, environment                 15
     Landscape, history, access            16
                                  a
    Heritage consent applications         863

Source: DRS within GCC.
a
    Referred to Heritage & Design Team; 871 applications referred in 2007/08.

Table 6.6 Glasgow City listed buildings, by level of risk and action priority

                             2004 2008
                               Number
    At risk
     Prompt                    175       88
     Medium                    401      400
     Low                       951      977
    Not at risk              5,407    5,492
                         a
    Htge consent appls        871         863

Source: DRS within GCC.
a
    Listed building consents and planning permission applications referred to Heritage & Design Team,
    2007/08 and 2008/09.

Table 6.7 Glasgow City heritage agencies, 2008/09

                                                   Note
    Glasgow City Heritage Trust                    Building repair grants, training and education
    Glasgow Building Preservation Trust            Conservation projects, events, promotion
    Scottish Civic Trust                           Oversees “Doors Open”
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society              Promotes CRM from Queen‟s Cross
    Townscape Heritage Initiatives
     Merchant City                                 Development and Regeneration Services
     Parkhead Cross                                Development and Regeneration Services
     Govan Cross                                   Development and Regeneration Services
                    a                                                                          b
    The Lighthouse                                 Scotland‟s centre for architecture & design

Source: DRS within GCC.
a
    Premises owned by GCC; Architecture + Design Scotland taken on programming following financial
    difficulty experience in 2009.
b
    Includes permanent Mackintosh exhibition

Note: neither National Trust Scotland nor Historic Scotland has Glasgow office.

                                                                                                         55
                                                                    HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND HERITAGE


Table 6.8 Glasgow Lighting Festival, activity and visits

                                      2005   2007
    Installations/perfs (no.)          23     45
    Walking tours per night (no.)       3      3
    Visitors (k)                       67     75

Source: DRS within GCC.

Table 6.9 Glasgow city heritage trails and tours/guides, 2008/09

                   Trails/     Tours/ Topics
                           a                 b
                   l‟flets     guides cvred
                               Number
    Architecture      4           2      5
                        c
    Local areas       8          10     19
                        d           e
    Parks/gdns       10           7      9
                                           f
    Buildings         2           1      3
    Themes            2           -      2
                        g                  h
    Total            26          20     37

Source: DRS within GCC.
a
  Includes PDFs and substantial trails available on web; leaflets free of charge; excludes published
  guidebooks.
b
  Some topics covered by both leaflets and tours.
c
  Clyde Waterfront leaflet contains 12 trails.
d
  Of which, four relate to Glasgow Green.
e
  Of which, four are within the Walk in the Park programme.
f
  Clyde bridges, Glasgow subway and Stewart Fountain; excludes leaflets available for individual historic
  properties.
g
  Of which, 14 produced by DRS, 4 by the Libraries Service and 8 by other organisations, for example,
  Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society, Glasgow University, local conservation groups and Royal
  Commission on Architectural and Historic Monuments and Sites.
h
  Additionally, Greater Glasgow and Clyde Valley Tourist Board proposes 16 trail consultations.




                                                                                                     56
                                                                                                LIBRARIES



7.   LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES


Scale

Glasgow operates much the largest public library service in Scotland, with 34 service points (33
community libraries and the Mitchell) and 365 library staff (2008). In 2010 the service points are 33.
The Mitchell Library is a major facility, which includes the reference library and archive. It now
incorporates a large cafe and an extensive internet-access area, as well as the Mitchell Theatre, used
for literary events and also dance studio shows, amateur drama and the work of small, independent
companies. The information service of the Library Service covers commercial and business information,
which make a distinct contribution to Glasgow‟s important regeneration agenda.

Widespread changes

The high quality of public library statistics across Britain permits detailed comparisons amongst services.
These demonstrate widespread changes taking place in library-service usage, the rise of virtual visits,
book issues below historic highs and more issues in other media, which are all evident in Glasgow.

Rising usage

But the City has succeeded in running counter to the national decline in library visits (Table 7.1). At
4.52 million in 2008/09, library visits in Glasgow are above the mid-1990s level and still climbing.
Glasgow is also an exception in reviving the numbers of active borrowers. The 2008/09 figure is 119k,
up 10% on 2005/06 (Table 7.2). Book issues are rising at a similar rate. The growth of children‟s book
issues, by 26% in the same period, is an exceptional development (Table 7.3).

Satisfaction

Library Service satisfaction scores (Table 7.5) show some 56% of residents believe the overall level of
service is „very good‟. The scores are higher for helpfulness of staff (72% „very good‟) and for the
information services („very good‟ according to 73% of users).

Need

These are important achievements, but comparison with other local-authority library services in Scotland
                                                                 rd
is a reminder of the levels of need in the City. Glasgow is 23 for book issues per head of population
                                                                  th
despite being fourth in library visits (Table 7.4). Glasgow is 13 in net revenue public spend (excluding
capital) per head of population in 2007/08.

Reader development

The Library Service runs a reading programme intended to address Glasgow‟s significant adult-literacy
problem. Packs are supplied to the parents of all newborn children. Adult literacy tutors visit community
centres. The library links to nursery and parenting programmes. Targeting pre-5s also brings in the
parents. The strapline of the public campaign is “Get Glasgow Reading”. Programme sessions rose
from 3,894 to 5,588 from 2005/06 to 2008/09, and participations grew from 53.4k to 89.1k (Table 9.14).

Aye Write!

The Library Service launched a successful annual literary festival in 2005, which aims to support the
literacy programme and the development of a reading culture (Table 8.2). Attendance rose from 24K in
2006/07 to 35k in 2008/09. Some 10,000 schoolchildren attend free of charge following preparatory
induction by the Young People‟s Team.

Archive Service

The Library Service runs the Archive Service for the City. This covers both heritage and modern
records. Public uses of the service totalled 18,364 in 2008/09, of which 7,834 were personal visits and
the remainder remote enquires (Table 7.6). The service produced over 30,000 enquiry responses. In
recent years, usage peaked in 2006/07, when the church digitisation project was completed. The
Archive Service also mounts exhibitions, around four a year, and learner events, which take place both
in the Mitchell Library and externally. Fewer activities took place in 2008/09 than previously, and the
attendance fell to 645 (Table 7.7).
                                                                                             LIBRARIES



Table 7.1 Glasgow Library Service, usage

                        96/97    05/06   06/07 07/08         08/09
                                       Thousand
 Visits                 4,300    4,194 4,191 4,473           4,517
 Active readers             80     109     111   114           119
 Virtual visits            n/a   2,509 2,296 6,441           6,470
 Book issues            3,934    2,462 2,566 2,605           2,716
 Other media issues       234      356     318   297           305

Source: Cipfa, Public Library Statistics.

Table 7.2 Glasgow Library Service, active borrowers

 Year       Borrowers
 2000/01     109,990
 2001/02     114,861
 2002/03     110,840
 2003/04     108,209
 2004/05     107,696
 2005/06     109,179
 2006/07     111,490
 2007/08     114,394
 2008/09     118,873
Source: Cipfa, Public Library Statistics.

Table 7.3 Glasgow Library Service, issues by category

                                                                                  % diff
                     1996/97     2005/06     2006/07      2007/08    2008/09
                                                                               05/06-08/09
                                            Thousand
 Adult fiction             ..     1,317       1,307        1,320      1,318        -
 Adult non-fiction         ..       597         606        6,520        697      +16.8
 Adult books           3,297      1,909       1,913        1,972      2,015      +15.5
 Children‟s books        637        554         652          693        701      +26.5
 All books             3,934      2,462       2,566        2,605      2,716      +10.3
 Audio-visual etc        234        356         318          297        305      -14.3
 All issues            4,168      2,818       2,883        2,902      3,021       +7.2
Source: Cipfa, Public Library Statistics.

Table 7.4 Glasgow Library Service, comparison with other library services, 2007/08

                                            Rank of 32
                                            in Scotland
 Active borrowers (absolute)                     1
 Cost per employee                               1
 Book stock per population                       3
 Visits per population                           4
 Net spend per population                        6
 Revenue income per population                   6
 Book acquisitions per population                7
 Staff in post per population                   10
 Net spend (excluding capital) per pop          13
 Audio-visual issues per population             18
 Book issues per population                     23

Source: Cipfa, Public Library Statistics.




                                                                                                   58
                                                                           LIBRARIES



Table 7.5 Glasgow Library Service, user satisfaction, 2007/08

                                         % users judging:
                                 „very             „adeq/
                                         „good‟
                                 good‟              poor‟
    Hours of opening             44.4     33.3      22.3
    Choice of books              30.5     47.4      22.1
    Staff helpfulness            71.6     24.8       3.6
                            a
    Qual of computer facils      36.0     44.3      19.7
                a
    Info service                 72.7     23.5       3.8
    Overall quality              55.8     37.1       7.1

Source: CSG, Cipfa Public Library User Survey 2007/2008 Analysis Report.
a
    Response of those who used facility.

Table 7.6 Glasgow Archive Service, use by public

                       2005/06    2006/07 2007/08         2008/09
                                       Number
           a
    Visitors             6,742      7,567    7,257         7,834
                  b
    Remote enqs         10,802     11,711  11,479         10,530
    User total          17,544     19,278  18,736         18,364
                c                        d
    Productions         26,550    33,179   32,745         30,300

Source: Glasgow Library Service.
a
    Completers of reader forms.
b
    Post/email/phone.
c
    Responses to enquiries.
d
    Increased as result of church digitisation project.

Table 7.7 Glasgow Archive Service, activities and attendance

                        05/06    06/07 07/08     08/09
                                    Number
    Exhibitions             4        3      5        4
                   a
    Learner events         84       90     74       36
    Attendance          1,250    1,020   800       645

Source: Glasgow Library Service.
a
    Internal and external.




                                                                                 59
                                                                                        FESTIVALS, EVENTS



8.   FESTIVALS, EVENTS


Strategy

Glasgow established its Strategic Major Events Forum in 2005 for driving forward the City‟s events
strategy. This seeks both to develop the portfolio of regular events and procure major travelling events
for the City. Sport events, arts and culture and exhibitions and shows are included in the thinking, which
identifies major events as a “mechanism to deliver (Glasgow‟s) brand, economic, social and cultural
objectives”. The 2014 Commonwealth Games is a centre point of the strategy. The MOBO awards are
an instance of a recent major success in the music field.

Major one-off events track record

Glasgow has a developed international profile and a long history of mounting major events, within which
sit notable cultural successes, such as the Garden Festival (1988), European City of Culture (1990),
Year of Visual Arts (1996) and UK City of Architecture and Design (1999).

Regular portfolio

The data in this section relate to Glasgow‟s regular portfolio of events. These comprise some 11
specialist-art-form and five multi-art-form festivals, and some six other events (Table 8.1). Nine of the
22 events and festivals are held in the dark months of the year, between November and April.

Specialist arts festivals

The City's specialist festivals, especially Celtic Connections, New Moves and the biennial Glasgow
International Festival of Visual Art, carry an influence in their own fields. In the case of the largest of
these, Celtic Connections, the impact is of international significance. This may be why Glasgow does
not have (and may not need) the kind of single showcase festival which some cities (eg Manchester)
have recently launched to profile their credentials in contemporary developments.               Glasgow‟s
positioning in some respects complements Edinburgh‟s festivals policy and Glasgow-based
organisations in fact make significant contributions to the Edinburgh festivals. They have been major
recipients of funding from the Edinburgh Festival‟s Expo Fund.

Other festivals and events

The multi-arts festivals include events which articulate life in particular quarters of the City, the West End
and the Merchant City, and also a school event, the Mela and Glasgay. Glasgow‟s other events include
several popular celebrations, which mark seasons of the year and physical features of the City, notably
Hogmanay and the River Clyde. Piping is represented by two participatory events, Piping Live and the
World Pipe Band Championship.

Attendance and impact

The festivals drew an attendance of 738k in 2008/09 (this figure includes some estimations for
unticketed admissions). This is 12% more than in 2006/07 (Table 8.2). The events accounted for a
further 250k attendance in 2008/09, and their attendance has also increased (Table 8.3). Various
impact studies, many commissioned by the City Marketing Bureau, show that, whilst festivals and
events depend on interest from Glasgow and Outer-Glasgow residents for much of their attendance,
they do in the majority of cases attract significant proportions of staying visitors to the City (Table 11.6).
                                                                FESTIVALS, EVENTS



Table 8.1 Festivals and events, turnover and staff, 2008/09

                           Turnover   Staff   Orgs
                                          a
                              £m      FTE      no.
                    b
    Single art form          4.74      11      11
    Multi-arts festivals     0.97       8       5
    Events                   1.99     [10]      6
    Total                    7.70     [29]     22

Source: CSG, SAC, City Marketing impact studies, estimations.
a
    Core only; excludes short contract event staff.
b
    Also included in Sections 2, 3, 4 and 6.




                                                                              61
                                                                                   FESTIVALS, EVENTS



Table 8.2 Glasgow festivals, attendance

                                       1997       06/07 07/08              08/09
                                                    Thousand
    Glasgow International Comedy          n/a        60    72                75

    New Moves                                 2          3            3      [3]
                          a
    Celtic Connections                     52       100          100          92
    Piping Live                           n/a         24           25         25
    World Pipe Band Championship          n/a         38           40         40
    Glasgow International Jazz             10         10         [25]         25
    Early Music                             2        n/a          n/a        n/a
    Big Big Country                         5        n/a          n/a        n/a

    Glasgow International                 n/a            54       n/a        89
    Glasgow Art Fair                     [12]            16        16        13

    Aye Write!                            n/a            24           25     35

    Glasgow Film Festival                 n/a            15           21     25
                  b
    Doors Open                             65       [54]         [54]         54
                      b
    Festival of Light                     n/a         67           70        n/a

    Glasgay                                40          8          15          15
               a
    West End                                5       120          173        164
    Merchant City                         n/a         37          55          56
         b
    Mela                                 [20]         20          20          20
    Inspiration                           n/a          9           6           7
    Mayfest                                65        n/a         n/a         n/a
    Arts is Magic                           3        n/a         n/a         n/a
    Total                                281        659          720        738

Source: CSG, Glasgow City Marketing Bureau.
a
    Includes estimates of unticketed admissions.
b
    Unticketed.

Table 8.3 Glasgow events, attendance

                              1997   06/07 07/08              08/09
                                       Thousand
                      a
    Glasgow River              n/a      75          85           87
    BBC Proms                  n/a     n/a         n/a           16
              a
    Fireworks                  n/a      50          55           60
    WinterFest (opening)       n/a    [16]        [16]         [16]
    Hogmanay                   n/a      [9]          9            8
    Glasgow Show               n/a      65          65           65
    Total                        -    215         230          252

Source: Glasgow City Marketing Bureau.
a
    Unticketed.




                                                                                                 62
                                                                  EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH



9.   EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH


Training pyramid

There is a major concentration in Glasgow of Scotland‟s specialist institutions which provide practice-
based training in music, drama, dance, art and design. At the top of this training pyramid sit the
Glasgow School of Art (GSA) and the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama (RSAMD).
Glasgow is also home to the five Scottish national youth organisations, in choral singing, orchestral
playing (and other ensembles), dance, theatre and piping. These provide both ensemble experience to
talented pupils drawn from the whole of Scotland on a selective basis and, variously, starter and training
schemes. Glasgow Education Service (GES) forms the local base of the pyramid, delivering elementary
music training to students in school and providing some additional practitioner and ensemble
opportunities in orchestras, choirs, drama, dance and the visual arts (Table 9.6). Glasgow Education
Service also runs Knightswood, Scotland‟s dance school. The turnover of these organisations in
2008/09 totalled some £39 million and they employed some 707 FTE staff (Table 9.1). They account for
around a fifth of Glasgow‟s cultural sector (Table 1.1). These figures exclude the spend undertaken by
the cultural institutions themselves on education and outreach, most of which make significant
commitments to these areas of work.

RSAMD and GSA

Both GSA and RSAMD train and educate creative professionals for direct entry into the creative and
performing arts, be they fine art, design, architecture, music, dance or drama. This is specialist, close-
grained work and it is costly. The schools need to be good at identifying the most talented students,
effective in their processes of selection, and provide training which focuses on nurturing the individual.
The intensity of the commitment is demanding for the relatively small numbers of students involved, and
the training is closely informed by the changing needs of the sectors for which entry-training is provided.
And so, the involvement of practitioners is central to this. The schools feed the creative and performing-
arts professions and the professions feed the schools. There is room only for a limited number of
specialist institutions of this kind. The GSA leaver cohort in 2008/09 totalled 309 undergraduates and
184 postgraduates (Table 9.2). The figures for RSAMD‟s leaver cohort were 171 with UG degrees and
123 with PGT qualifications (Table 9.4).

International significance

The success of these schools is vital to the future of the cultural and creative sector in Scotland. They
each have international reputations which attract students and staff. GSA‟s student leaver cohort of
2008/09 was 55% from outwith Scotland, including 26% from overseas (Table 9.3). The RSAMD
student body comes 39% from outwith Scotland and 19% from overseas (Table 9.5).

Other practice-based provision

Glasgow‟s universities and colleges offer a wider range of courses relevant to the needs of the creative
industries, including digital training, computing, new media, printing, publishing and journalism. These
also provide alternative routes to architectural training (eg Strathclyde and Cardonald), as well as higher
education and research in the historical and intellectual fundaments of art, literature and drama.

Outreach by cultural institutions

Alongside the practice-based training pyramid, Glasgow has seen a substantial growth of outreach and
education provided by the cultural institutions themselves. This is not new provision in all cases but its
considerable expansion is a notable recent development (Table 9.7). Outreach/education programmes
in the City drew 446k participations in 2008/09. An equivalent figure in 1996/99 (excluding the
independent companies and independent museums) was 149k. Few cultural institutions today do not
undertake outreach and education programmes, and many regard it as a core activity. Participation
increased from 301k in 2006/07 to 446k three years later (Table 9.8)

Performance outreach

The performance outreach provision alone clocked 144k participations in 2008/09. The major providers
are Scottish Opera, the Citizens‟ Theatre and the RSNO, and also Scottish Ballet, which has
constructed its own training pyramid from beginners to selective programmes, junior associates,
advanced work, and degree training at RSAMD. The focus in performance outreach generally is
switching from one-off workshops towards sessional programmes. There is growing emphasis on
identifying talented students and on skills development. At the City Halls, the Glasgow Concert Halls
                                                               EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH



house the GES ensemble programmes (Table 9.2) and have introduced their own early years' sessional
programmes (Table 9.10).

Museum education and access programmes

The museums in Glasgow drew 213k participations to their programmes in 2008/09. The Glasgow City
museums alone delivered 184k of these, of which 69% were by school, pre-5, FE and HE students
(Table 9.11). The learning team in the museum was rebuilt a decade ago so as to take over these
programmes fully from the City‟s education service. The schools programme is now wholly aligned to
the needs of the school curriculum. It reached 88% of Glasgow‟s primary schools in 2008/09 (Table
9.13). The RSNO is adopting a similar approach in music by re-aligning its substantial education
programme to the needs of the curriculum. The City museums‟ access work for families, young people
and adults is targeted separately from the school work (Table 9.12).

Library Service

By the same token, the Glasgow Library Service has chosen to address a major educational challenge
by focusing its expanding programme on literacy and reading, targeting together pre-5s and adults. The
number of annual sessions rose from 3,894 in 2005/06 to 5,588 in 2008/09 (Table 9.14).




                                                                                                  64
                                                                          EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH



Table 9.1 Glasgow specialist training in music, drama, dance, art and design, 2008/09

                                                     Turnover    Staff
                                                       (£k)     (FTE)      Students
    Glasgow Education Service
     Music instruction in schools                      1,947      53         4,500
                                    a
     Ensembles (City Halls) & YMI                        630      17         8,128
     Drama, visual arts, dance (Tramway)                 243      [7]          366
     Total                                             2,820      77        12,994
    Scottish national youth organisations
                                                                                    b
     Youth Orchestra                                  1,170        15          254
                                                                                     c
     Youth Choir                                      1,570       [20]       2,000
                                                                                    d
     Youth Dance                                        780        25           42
                                                                                    e
     Youth Theatre                                      480        20            ..
     Youth Pipe Band                                   [150]        [5]         88
           g
     Total                                            4,150        85        2,384
                                                                                    h
    Royal Scottish Academy of Music & Drama          12,190      250           766
    Glasgow School of Art                            19,462      295         1,898
    Total                                            31,652      545         2,664
    Total                                            38,622      707        18,042

Source: GES, CSG, SAC, institutions.
a
  Youth Music Initiative (funded by the Scottish Arts Council) reaches 7,500 primary school students with
  a singing initiative; this is supported by extensive training of class teachers and instrumental
  instructors; over 2,000 teachers attended from 2003 to 2009; the Youth Music Initiative additionally
  funds the newly-formed Glasgow Strategic Music Partnership; it aims to join up informal-sector music
  provision for young people in Glasgow.
b
  Eight ensembles, including National Youth Jazz Ensemble.
c
  Twelve area choirs (covering Scotland) and national choirs.
d
  Project Y and Foundation group only; not included in this figure are the extensive participation
  programmes, „free to dance‟ scheme, boys starter programme and on-demand workshops, which
  totalled 17,000 participations.
e
  Programmes cover weekly classes in Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen, SYT productions, summer
  programmes and special courses.
f
  Senior and development bands.
g
  Excludes Dance School of Scotland, an integral feature of GES, at Knightswood School.
h
  HE only; excludes Junior Academy [estimated enrolment 200] and outreach programmes. .

Table 9.2 Glasgow School of Art, leaver cohort, by subject, 2008/09

                     UG       PG Total   UG     PG      Total
                            Number               %
    Architecture      31       94  125     6     19       25
                        a        b
    Design          151       45   196    31      9       40
                        c
    Fine art        127        33  160    26      7       33
    Other               -      12   12     -      2        2
    Total            309     184   493    63     37      100

Source: GSA.

Table 9.3 Glasgow School of Art, leaver cohort, by domicile, 2008/09

                    UG     PG Total      UG    PG      Total
                          Number                 %
    Scotland        152     69   221     31     14       45
    Rest of UK       11     36   147     23      7       30
    Rest of EU       14     19    33      3      4        7
    Rest of world    32     60    92      6     12       19

Source: GSA.
a
    30 studying product design engineering, 17 product design, 32 visual communications, 23 textiles, 20
    interior design, 15 ceramics and 14 silversmithing/jewellery.
b
    Of which, 33 in digital design.
c
    39 in sculpture/environmental art, 62 fine art and 26 photography.




                                                                                                       65
                                                                                    EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH



Table 9.4 Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama, leaver cohort, by subject, 2008/09
                  a                           a
              UG   PG Total              UG         PG     Total
                  Number                             %
    Music      86   93 179               29         32       61
    Drama      85   30 115               29         10       39
    Total     171 123 294                58         42      100

Source: RSAMD.
a
    Includes 2 Dip He/HND and 7 “other” UG students.

Table 9.5 Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama, undergraduate and postgraduate
students, by domicile, 2008/09

                       UG    PG Total         UG       PG    Total
                            Number                      %
    Scotland       412        53 465          54        7      61
    Rest of UK     133        24 157          17        3      20
    Rest of EU      30        20   50          4        3       7
    Overseas        45        49   94          6        6      12
    Total          620       146 766          81       19     100

Source: RSAMD.

Table 9.6 Glasgow education service music ensemble programme at City Halls, 2008

                                 Sessions         Participants     Participations
                                                      Number
    String Ensembles
                        a
      First Experience              26                38                 988
      Training Orchestra            26                89                 231
      String Orchestra              26                62               1,586
    Concert bands                   26                61               1,586
                  a
    Voice Factory                   26               276               7,176
                      a
    Rare instruments                22                 9                268
                          a
    Songs from Shows                26                90               2,340
    Big Band                        28                20                 616
    Battle of Bands                  4                20                  80
                    a
    Master classes                   3                 4                  12
    Total                          213               669              14,883

Source: GES.
a
    Part of Youth Music Initiative.

Table 9.7 Education and outreach, programme participations, by domain, selected Glasgow
cultural institutions

                        96/97     06/07 07/08            08/09
                                    Thousand
                   a
    Performance             44      108    116             144
               b
    Museums                 76      135    157             184
             b
    Libraries             [29]       57     75              89
    Total               [149]       301    348             466

Source: GCSF (1998); see Table 9.8.
a
    Includes Scottish Opera, Scottish Ballet, RSNO, producing theatres, halls and centres.
b
    CSG.




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                                                             EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH



Table 9.8 Glasgow-based cultural institutions education/outreach programmes mounted in
Glasgow, participations

                              2006/07      2007/08 2008/09
                                          Thousand
    Performance
     Citizens                    13.7       18.7      21.7
     Arches                        2.8        3.2      6.1
     Tron                         [5.3]      [5.3]     5.3
     NTS                          [0.7]      [0.7]     0.7
     Scottish Ballet              [8.0]       9.0     11.1
     Scottish Opera             [27.1]      27.1      29.1
     SCO                          [1.2]      [1.2]     1.2
     BBC SSO                      [5.3]      [5.3]     5.3
     RSNO                       [13.7]      13.7      13.7
     Centres                      [7.9]      [7.9]     7.9
     Glasgow Concert Halls         7.3        7.6     10.9
     GES at City Halls           15.2       16.5      16.9
     Independent companies           ..         ..    14.3
                       a
     Performance total         108.2       116.2     144.2
                          a
    Glasgow City Museums       135.0       157.0     184.0
    Glasgow Library Service      57.4       74.8      89.1
                a
    Grand total                300.6       348.0     445.9

Source: CSG, SAC, GES and institutions.
a
    Excludes independent performance companies and independent museums; see Table 9.9 for 2008/09
    detail.




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                                                                     EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH



Table 9.9 Glasgow-based cultural institutions education/outreach programmes mounted in
Glasgow, 2008

                           Programmes    Sessions       Participants    Participations
                                                    Number
    Performance
                a
      Citizens                286         1,454             3,446          21,706
              b
      Arches                   77             ..                ..           6,142
           c
      Tron                      [8]         339             5,322           [5,322]
      NTS                        4           64               715             [715]
                      d
      Scottish Ballet          45           472             1,144          11,074
                       e
      Scottish Opera           25           276             5,734          29,090
      BBC SSO                    8            [8]               ..           5,235
      RSNO                     24            89             3,444          13,671
           f
      SCO                        4           15             1,085            1,170
      Indep companies            8          113                 ..         14,311
                g
      Centres                    ..         588                 ..           7,973
            h
      Halls                    14           379             3,939          27,800
      Perf total              132         1,184           24,829          144,209
    Museums
                                  i
      Glasgow City              6           613         [183,910]         183,910
                                 i
      Hunterian                 4           ..                 ..          28,673
    Libraries
      Glasgow City              9         4,223                ..          89,069
    Grand total               151         6,020         [208,739]         445,861

Source: companies, annual reports, CSG.
a
    Includes Citizens Community Company, Citizens Young Company, sessional programmes
     (Nightschool, Kids@City, Teenagers@City) short courses (Make it Work Training, continuing
     professional development eg primary staffs, speech and language therapists, nursery staffs) and a
     range of one-off projects taking from 1 day to 1 year; Theatre About Glasgow‟s professional
     productions and touring productions for people under 25 are enumerated within performance.
b
    Includes Arches Youth Music Initiative, Shhh! music video, Sound Base Music School, Deaf Youth
    Theatre.
c
    Includes 3-5yrs Storytelling, Skill Shop, writer and performance groups.
d
    Includes Junior Associates.
e
    Includes the following sessional programmes, Sing Up, Making Opera, Create Opera, High Notes,
    Opera Foundation.
f
    2006/07.
g
    Tramway, CCA.
h
    Glasgow Concert Halls and GES ensemble programme.
i
    Programme groups.




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                                                                   EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH



Table 9.10 Glasgow Concert Halls outreach programme at City Halls, 2008

                                 Sessions    Participants   Participations
                                                 Number
                                        a
    Music for early years            26             47            522
                                        a
    Mini Music Makers                27             59          1,509
              b
    Optimusic                        29           123             645
                                                                      c
    Merchant Voices                  34           167           3,259
    Experience days                  14        1,151            1,151
    Easter, summer, Oct weeks        18           628             682
                       d
    Other programmes                 18           235             244
          e
    Total                           166        3,310            8,012

Source: Glasgow Cultural Enterprises (now under CSG).
a
    Session days; each day with several age sets.
b
    Part of Youth Music Initiative.
c
    Includes 442 showcase audience.
d
    Toryglen, Arden, Creative Confident Children, choral workshop.
e
    Excludes 15,000 attendance at eight Celtic Connections schools‟ concerts; enumerated under halls
    within performance; other Celtic Connections‟ sessions outwith festival counted in regular Glasgow
    Concert Halls education and outreach, apart from jazz summer school, with some [20] participants.

Table 9.11 Glasgow City Museums, education and access sessions and participations, by
programme type, 2008/09

                  Sessions      Participations
                                           Per
                  No     %       No
                                          sess
Education
 Pre-5        681 10.3 13,122 19.3
 Primary    2,792 42.2 81,667 29.3
 Secondary    440   6.7 12,531 28.5
 Further Ed    93   1.4   2,055 22.1
 Higher Ed     30   0.5     421 14.0
Access
 Family       640   9.7 28,951 45.2
 Yng People 1,003 15.2 22,641 22.6
 Talks etc    933 14.1 22,522 24.1
Total       6,613 100.0 183,910 27.81

Source: CSG.

Table 9.12 Glasgow City Museums, education and access participations, by museum, 2008/09

                        Education   Access    Total   %
Burrell                    8,483     4,104 12,587    6.8
GoMA                       3,546     6,424   9,970   5,4
Kelvingrove               37,685    33,818 71,503 38.9
Museum of Transport       18,522    18,559 37,081 20.2
Scotland St School        16,951     4,290 21,241 11.5
People‟s Palace           18,202     4,343 22,545 12.3
Provand‟s Lordship         1,751       881   2,632   1.4
St Mungo‟s                 4,655     1,204   5,859   3.2
Open Museum                     1      491     492   0.3
Total                    109,796    74,114 183,910 100.0
%                           59.7      40.3   100.0

Source: CSG.




                                                                                                   69
                                                                   EDUCATION, TRAINING AND OUTREACH



Table 9.13 Glasgow City Museums, education and access sessions for Glasgow primary
schools, by community area, 2008/09

                                                        S      S
                                          W      N                   E    Total
                                                       W       E
    Primary schools visiting museums      33    40     36     29     46     184
    Primary schools in area               35    46     41     33     54     209
    Percentage reached                    94    87     88     88     85      88
    Number of sessions                   462   355    419    300   420    1,956
    Sessions per school                 14.0   8.9   11.6   10.3    9.1    10.6

Source: CSG.

Table 9.14 Glasgow Library Service, reader development programmes, participations and
sessions

                            05/06      06/07   07/08      08/09
                                          Number
         a
    Pre-5                   3,417      6,763 26,587      32,878
    Reader development
     School visits         28,300   25,825      16,775   19,100
     Library club          10,336   11,655      12,285   13,647
           b
     Other                 11,357   13,236      19,123   23,444
    Total participations   53,410   57,479     74,,770   89,069

    Sessions                3,894      3,979    5,075     5,588
    Particips per sess       13.7       14.4     14.7      15.9

Source: CSG.
a
    Bounce & Rhyme.
b
    Reading Challenges, Pre-Aye Write! Visual Literacy, Roald Dahl, World Book Day, Burns for Bairns,
    Chatterbook, Story Times.




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                                                                              VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS



10. VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS


Data

There are no regularly produced statistics on voluntary organisations in the arts and culture in Glasgow.
A count of organisations has been prepared for the Digest, drawing on information from umbrella
organisations, public authorities and website entries.

Spread of interests

These show some 128 organisations in the City, providing a good spread of opportunity (Table 10.1).
The largest areas of interest are in amateur dramatics/youth theatre (38) (Table 10.2), in music (38)
(Table 10.3) and in history/heritage (28) (Table 10.4).

Geographic inequalities

The largest numbers of organisations are in the West, which covers much of central Glasgow (Table
10.1). This is where organisations, drawing members from across Glasgow, prefer to be for ease of
reaching rehearsals and meetings. The lowest numbers are found in the North and East of the City.

Issues

Voluntary life is important as part of the tissue of strong communities. Without national data on this
area, it is difficult to place Glasgow in perspective. It seems possible that Glasgow may well be less
developed in its voluntary sector than in its professional cultural provision. A similar count was done in
1996. The comparison, which covers Greater Glasgow, suggests that, whilst the number of clubs for
music is constant, amateur-dramatic activity may have declined by perhaps a fifth since 1996 (Table
10.5). More research is needed nationally and locally. Figures should be collected on the membership
numbers of voluntary organisations and on activities.

A strength

Glasgow does appear strong in the number of dance clubs and studios it supports. They currently total
57 in Glasgow and constitute a significant level of organisation. Many of them are commercial
operations, which provide important opportunities for both children and adults. They are also
reasonably well spread across the City, including nine in the North and seven in the East.

Cultural pastimes

As for participation by individuals in cultural pastimes, there are only limited data available (Table 10.6).
The Taking Part survey samples are still low at the Glasgow level. This source scores “Glasgow and
surroundings” either equal to or slightly below the Scottish average for resident adults involved in
performance (13%), engaged in the visual arts and crafts (15%, including photography) or undertaking
any writing (7%).
                                                                                                VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS



Table 10.1 Glasgow voluntary organisations, by community area, 2008/09

                                   W     N    S     S         E         All       Outer
                                             W      E                 Glas         Glas
                                                                                      a
    AmDram & youth theatre         17    6    4     8         3        38          [23 ]
    Blk/ethnic mins. arts orgs.     7    1    3     2         -        13             3
    Music ensembles/clubs          26    1    7     4         -        38            56
    Art clubs/photo socs            2    1    5     3         -        11             ..
                                                                          b
    Heritage                        6    1    4     3         2        28             ..
                                                                          b           c
    Total                          58   10   23    20         5       128         [107 ]
    Dance classes/studios          20    9    9    12         7        57            25

Source: see Tables 10.2, 10.3 and organisation listings in Technical Appendix.
a
    AmDram and amateur operatic only.
b
    Includes 12 other heritage organisations with Glasgow-wide interests (eg family history, architecture)
    not classified by community area.
c
    Excluding youth theatre, art clubs, photo and heritage societies.

Table 10.2 Glasgow voluntary organisations in drama, by organisation and area, 2008/09

                                                  S       S                 All    Outer
                                        W    N                    E
                                                  W       E               Glas      Glas
    NODA members                         5   1     -      2       -          8          3
    Other AmDram                         4   -    2       2       1          9         20
    Youth theatre                        8   5    2       4       2         21          ..
    Total                               17   6    4       8       3         38       [23]
                                a
    Of which outreach companies
     Adult                              -    -     -      1       1           2            ..
     Youth                              4    -     -      3       1           8            ..

Source: NODA, AmDram, National Association of Youth Theatres, CSG and local informants.
a
    Variously operated by the Citizens, Platform, the Arches, the Tron, RSAMD, Scottish Opera, Glasgow
    Educational Services.
                                                                      a
Table 10.3 Glasgow voluntary organisations in music , by type and area, 2008/09

                                   S    S           All       Outer
                          W    N             E
                                   W    E         Glas         Glas
    Choirs                13   1   3    1    -      18           17
    Orchestras             6   -    -   -    -       6            3
    Brass/silver/wind      2   -   1    2    -       5           14
    Piping/fiddle/flute    3   -   2    1    -       6           18
    Music clubs            2   -   1    -    -       3            4
           a
    Totals                26   1   7    4    -      38           56

Source: Enterprise Music Scotland, web listings and local informants.
a
    Excludes choirs and ensembles run by the specialist youth music training organisations (see Section
    9).




                                                                                                                    72
                                                                         VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS



Table 10.4 Glasgow heritage and history organisations, by interest and membership, 2008

                                  Orgs   M‟ship
                         a
    Local area societies           11      ..
                              b
    Architects & architecture       7      ..
                       c
    Specific buildings              3      ..
                   d
    Family history                  2      ..
                         e
    History, specialisms            5       ..
    Total                          28      ..

Source: DRS within GCC, Glasgow Library Service, websites.
a
    Carmunnock, Dennistoun, Glasgow West, Gorbals Heritage, Greater Pollok, Merchant City,
    Pollokshaws, Pollokshields, Provanhall, Strathbungo, Tronda.
b
    Alexander Thomson, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, [Architectural Heritage Society for Scotland],
    Glasgow Institute of Architects, Glasgow Architecture Committee, Old Glasgow Club, New Glasgow
    Society.
c
    Glasgow Cathedral, Glasgow Necropolis, Govan Old Parish Church.
d
    Garngad Irish Heritage, Glasgow and West of Scotland Family History.
e
    Glasgow Archaeological Society, Glasgow Police, Glasgow Transport, Glasgow Tree Lovers, Historical
    Association Glasgow and West of Scotland.

Table 10.5 Greater Glasgow voluntary organisations, by area of interest, 1996 and 2008

                                  1996 2008        Change
                                   No. of orgs      96-08
    AmDram, youth theatre          82       61       -22
    Black/ethnic min arts orgs     25       16        -9
                                               a
    Music ensembles/clubs          75       75         -

Source: GCSF (1998); see Tables 10.1, 10.2, 10.3 for 2008 detail.
a
    94 including brass and silver bands, not enumerated in 1996.
b
    Glasgow City only.




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                                                                                   CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



11. MARKETS AND ATTENDANCE


Data

It is an issue that Glasgow has not for some time carried out a comprehensive survey of visitors to its
theatres, halls, museums and heritage sites. Box office analyses of bookers and paid admissions are
available for many of Glasgow‟s theatres and halls (in particular, those in membership of Glasgow
Grows Audiences). An annual museums‟ visitor-mapping survey is carried out by CSG. Both these
sources record the broad geographics of attendance, but they do not collect either the staying- and day-
visitor proportions or the overseas numbers. A number of occasional visitor surveys of single institutions
and events have been carried out, which do fill in some of the detail on markets and on patron
motivations and responses. But any broader extrapolations from these detailed studies to the overall
picture need treating with caution.

Performance market

The box office analyses undertaken by Glasgow Grows Audiences do show the degree to which
Glasgow acts as a regional magnet for performance and live entertainment (Table 11.1). Overall, some
70% of attenders come from outwith the City, including 28% from outwith Greater Glasgow. The King‟s
is particularly successful in this regard. Glasgow residents represent 23% of total sales, with Outer
Glasgow accounting for 45% and further afield 32%. The Glasgow Concert Halls‟ pattern is similar,
Glasgow City 32%, Outer Glasgow 40%, and 28% elsewhere. In contrast, the producing theatres draw
proportionally more of their public from Glasgow residents, who account for around half of sales, 49% at
the Citizens‟ and 52% at the Tron. Some 36% and 37% respectively from Outer Glasgow, and 15% and
13% from further afield.

Expanded metropolitan role

A comparison between 1996/97 and 2008/09 indicates little change in the makeup of the public at the
Tron, but there is a significantly larger proportion of Glasgow residents in the Citizens‟ audience in
2008/09 than a decade ago. The reverse development has occurred at the King‟s and the Glasgow
Concert Halls, which have built their booker proportions from outwith Glasgow, in both cases by nine
percentage points (Table 11.2). The outwith-Glasgow bookers are largely from the rest of Scotland and
only to a limited extent from Edinburgh.

Museums market

As for the City‟s museums, an estimate (combining survey data from three sources) suggests that 42%
of visitors are Glasgow residents (Table 11.5). This is a larger resident proportion than for the receiving
theatres and halls but smaller than for the producing theatres. The resident proportion at the museums
is also larger today than 25 years ago, when it was measured at 32%. The Outer-Glasgow proportion at
21% and day visitors at 11% are smaller than in the past but the staying visitor proportion remains much
the same at 26%. These results, set against total museum visits, suggest that visits by Glasgow City
residents to the City museums were some 75% higher in 2008 than in the mid-1980s. Staying-visitor
attendance has also increased, up (from outwith Greater Glasgow) by some 38%, and visits from Outer
Glasgow residents rose less, with a 16% increase. In contrast, attendance by day visitors, which was
very important in 1990, appears to be down, by some 23%. This suggests that the day-visitor and
Outer-Glasgow markets merit some marketing attention.

Museum visitor mix by sites

The CSG mapping of museum visitors shows the relative importance of different kinds of visitors at the
various sites (Table 11.4). These percentages exclude the non-UK-visitor element from the totals.
GoMA depends most heavily on interest from Glasgow City residents (56%), evidence of Glasgow‟s
expanded interest in contemporary art. The Burrell has the second-largest proportion of City residents
within its attendance and, jointly with GoMA, the smallest visitor proportion from outwith Greater
Glasgow. In contrast, the largest proportions of attenders from outwith Greater Glasgow are found at
Provand‟s Lordship (44%) and at the Museum of Transport (38%).

Attendance propensities

BMRB‟s TGI omnibus survey provides information on attendance, which has been consistently collected
over a long period, for more than two decades. The “propensities to attend” are analysed here. The
earlier data relate to Greater Glasgow residents; the 2005-08 data report separately on both Outer and
City of Glasgow residents. The results show that Glasgow‟s exceptional cultural provision produces an
above-average response from its residents. Some 56% of City resident adults (15+) attended “one or
                                                                                   CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



more of eight art forms (play, opera, ballet, contemporary dance, music theatre, classical music, jazz, art
exhibition)” in 2005-08 (Table 11.7), which is five percentage points above the Scottish average. The
Greater Glasgow score is ten percentage points above the equivalent in 1988-90. The score rises to
80% when museums and cinema are added to the eight art forms.

Increase across ages and social grades

The propensities to attend rose sharply in 1990. Previously, the Greater Glasgow scores were below
the Scottish average. In 1990, they jumped above the Scottish average, and they remain generally
above in 2005-08 (Tables 11.9, 11.10, 11.11). The increase was recorded in all social grades and all
age groups. The gains were greatest for cinema, classical music and art galleries/exhibitions, and most
evident for the over-55s and then for the under-35s (Table 11.8).

Reduced differentials

The data also yield evidence of narrowing in the attendance difference among social grades (Table
11.8). The “eight-art-form” scores for both ABC1s and C2DEs rose between 1988-90 and 2005-08, but
the difference between the two narrowed by six percentage points. Similar change took place in relation
to theatre performance but the reverse applied for classical music, where differences widened.

Glasgow City and Outer Glasgow

A comparison of attendance between Glasgow City and Outer Glasgow residents is presented in the
2005-08 data (Table 11.12). The Glasgow City scores are generally much above the Outer Glasgow
equivalents. The higher propensity for Glasgow City residents (compared to Outer Glasgow residents)
to go to museums is particularly notable, especially for the over-35s and the C2DEs. The main
exceptions are for any performance in a theatre and for classical music, where the Outer Glasgow
scores are higher than the Glasgow City scores. This exception applies to all social grades and all age
ranges, apart from Glasgow City 35-54-year-olds, and they attend classical music more than their Outer
Glasgow equivalents.

Popular music

Another TGI analysis shows the strength of Glasgow‟s interest in popular music. Glasgow residents are
eight percentage points more likely to have attended live popular-music events than the UK average,
and 16 percentage points more likely than Londoners. There is also a larger proportion who are
attending more than once a year (24%) (Tables 11.13, 11.14). Glasgow‟s greater interest is shown in
both “greater love for the music”, “more buying CDs" and “more listening to new music”.

Remaining differences

The increased propensity of Glasgow residents to attend cultural events and attractions is a signal
development. But the difference in attendance by social grade remains significant. Despite the
evidence of narrowing since 1988-89, the gaps remain challenging. Cinema-going scores for ABC1 and
C2DE City residents are 70.7% and 50.1%respectively, a 28% difference. The difference for museum
attendance is 47%. The differences are greater still for attending plays (59%), jazz (60%) and classical
music (68%).




                                                                                                       75
                                                                                CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



Table 11.1 Glasgow performances, tickets sold by geographical origin and by venue, 2008/09

                     GLA    Outer            Rest   Rest
                                    EDN                      %
                     City   GLA              Scot   UK
    King‟s Theatre    23     45      1        26     5       100
    Citizens          49     36      2        11     2       100
    Tron              52     37      2         9     2       100
    GRCH              32     40      3        21     4       100
        a
    All               30     42      2        22     4

Source: Glasgow Grows Audiences.
a
    Includes Theatre Royal, Arches, Platform.
                                                                                        a
Table 11.2 Glasgow theatres/halls (selected), ticket bookers, by geographic origin , 1996/97 and
2008/09

                             Tron     Cits GRCH             Kings
                                     Percentages
    1996/97:
     Glasgow                  74       68           63        61
     W/C Scotland             17       27           29        32
     Edinburgh                  3        1           3         3
     Rest of Scotland           2        2           3         3
     Rest of UK                 4        2           2         2
    2008/09:
     Glasgow                  73       74           54        52
     W/C Scotland             18       18           30        37
     Edinburgh                  4        3           6         2
     Rest of Scotland           3        2           7         6
     Rest of UK                 2        2           3         2
    Percentage point change 96/07 – 08/09:
     Glasgow                   -1      +6           -9        -9
     W/C Scotland             +1        -9          +1        +5
     Edinburgh                +1       +2           +3        +1
     Rest of Scotland         +1         -          +4        +3
     Rest of UK                -2        -          +1         -

    Booker nos. 08/09       7,361    9,480      66,040     61,918

Source: GCSF (1998), Glasgow Grows Audiences.
a
    By postcodes: Glasgow (G); West/Central Scotland, PA (Renfrewshire, including islands), KA
    (Kilmarnock, Ayrshire), FK (Falkirk) and ML (Motherwell. Lanarkshire); EH (Edinburgh).




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                                                                           CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



Table 11.3 Glasgow City Museums, visits by geographic origin, excluding non-UK visitors

                        2006    2007 2008     2009
                                Percentages
    Glasgow City         53      47     47     46
    Outer Glasgow        21      22     24     23
    Rest of Scotland     12      14     14     18
    Rest of UK           14      17     16     14

Source: CSG, Mapping of Museum Visitors, various dates.

Table 11.4 Glasgow City Museums, visits by geographic origin, excluding non-UK visitors, and
by museum site, 2009

                              GLA    Outer Rest     Rest
                              City   GLA Scot       UK
                                     Percentages
    Resource Centre            81     19      -       -
    GoMA                       56     17     14      13
    Burrell                    55     19     13      13
    People‟s Palace            47     27       9     17
    St Mungo                   44     19     10      27
    Kelvingrove                42     25     24        9
    Scotland St School         40     39     10      11
    Museum of Transport        39     23     17      21
    Provand‟s Lordship         32     24     13      31
    All                        46     23     18      14

Source: CSG, Mapping of Museum Visitors (2009).

Table 11.5 Glasgow City museums, visits by residents, day and staying visitors

                       1986 1990 2008
                           Percentages
    Glasgow city         32     31     42
    Outer Glasgow        24     20     21
    Day visitors         19     23     11
                                          a
    Staying visitors     25     27     26
    All                100     100    100

Source: EIAG(1988), Monitoring Glasgow 1990(1991); estimations for 2008 using CSG, Mapping of
Museum Visitors (2009), Lowland, Kelvingrove Visitor Profile Survey (2007), Scotinform, Glasgow
Museum of Transport Visitor Survey (2003, 2008), Morris Hargreaves McIntyre, Visitor Research at
Kelvingrove (2009).
a
    Of which, overseas tourists in 1990 12% and in 2008 11%.




                                                                                             77
                                                                                           CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



Table 11.6 Glasgow cultural institutions and events, attender origins, day and staying visitors

                                                                  Stay         Stay
                                        GLA       Outr       Day
                                                                  visit        visit
                                        City      GLA        visit
                                                                  UK            o/s
                                                        Percentages
                                   a
    Glasgow City Museums                    42        21    11     15           11
                          b
    Citizens Theatre                        48        30     17           5
                            c
    Theatre Royal (Scot Op)                 33        32     22           13
                              e
    Celtic Connections                      40        19     26      15          3
                          d
    Glasgow International                   38        10     25      21          6
                          e
    Glasgow Film Festival                   56        26      9       8          1
    International Comedy                    43        31     14           12
    International Jazz                      16         3     31           50
                            b
    World Pipe Band Ch‟ship                 16         3     31      29         21
                     bf
    7 other events                          50        13      6      23          8

Source: SQW Consulting, Glasgow‟s Events Economic Impact Study (2006); Ekos Ltd, Economic
Impact of Scottish Opera and the Theatre Royal (2002), Evaluation of the Magners Glasgow
International Comedy Festival 2007 (2007) and Economic Impact of the Glasgow International Festival
of Visual Art 2008 (2008); Glasgow Grows Audiences, Glasgow Film Festival 2009: Economic Impact
(2009), Merchant City Festival 2009: Visitor Economic Impact (2009) and Celtic Connections, Visitor
Impact 2009 (2009) for Glasgow City Museums, see Table 11.5.
a
    2008.
b
    2005.
c
    2002.
d
    2008.
e
    2009.
f
    Glasgow River, Piping Live, Gourmet Glasgow, BBC Proms in Park, Merchant City Festival,
    Block Architecture, Glasgow Film; event averages.
                                                                                       a
Table 11.7 Glasgow City residents (15+), attendance at any of eight art forms, Scotland and GB
comparison, by age and social grade, 2005-08

                       %                       GLA %
                            b
                   attending                  point diff
               GLA SCT GB                    SCT GB
    All         56      55    54              +5     +2
    Age
     15-24      49            48       48        +1     +1
     25-34      53            51       53        +2      -
     35-44      60            54       55        +6     +5
     45-54      59            57       59        +2      -
     55-64      56            51       60        +5     -4
     65+        50            47       52        +3     -2
    Gender
     Male       51            45       50        +6     +1
     Female     60            57       59        +3     +1
    Social grade
     AB         81            77       76     +4        +5
     C1         65            61       60     +4        +5
     C2         55            39       46    +16        +9
     DE         39            31       33     +8        +6

Source: Audiences South; BMRB, TGI.
a
    Play, ballet, contemporary dance, opera, any theatre performance (i.e. includes musicals), classical
    concert, jazz event, art gallery/exhibition.
b
    % adult population “attending these days”; Glasgow 2005/08, Scotland 2004/06, GB 2005/06.




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                                                                           CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



Table 11.8 Greater Glasgow residents (15+), attendance by art form, by social grade and age

All adults
                                                      % point
                             88-90   90/91   05-08   diff 88-05
                                                a
                              % adults attending
 Play                        18.9    22.0     26.0      +7.1
        b
 Opera                        4.7     4.2      7.1      +2.4
       b
 Ballet                                        8.1
                        b     6.1     4.6              [+0.8]
 Contemporary dance                            5.8
 Any event in a theatre      35.2    35.5     41.1     +5.9
 Classical music              8.3    11.9     14.5     +6.2
 Jazz                         6.0     8.7      8.6     +2.6
 Art galleries/exhibitions   27.7    33.1     33.7     +6.0
 Any of the above 8          46.1    51.5     56.2    +10.1
          c
 Museum                      31.1    33.4     32.5     +1.4
 Cinema                      41.4    51.9     59.8    +18.4

ABC1s
                                                      % point
                             88-90   90/91   05-08   diff 88-05
                                                a
                              % adults attending
 Play                        31.9    40.3     36.7      +4.8
        b
 Opera                        9.9      9.8    11.4      +1.5
       b
 Ballet                                       13.1
                        b    11.9     9.8              [+1.6]
 Contemporary dance                            7.5
 Any event in a theatre      55.1    58.7     55.1      -
 Classical music             16.9    17.6     23.9     +7.0
 Jazz                         9.4    15.5     14.0     +4.6
 Art galleries/exhibitions   44.0    47.8     48.5     +4.5
 Any of the above 8          67.6    73.4     71.0     +3.4
          c
 Museum                      41.7    46.5     43.3     +1.6
 Cinema                      52.2    66.4     67.2    +15.0

C2DEs
                                                      % point
                             88-90   90/91   05-08   diff 88-05
                                                a
                              % adults attending
 Play                        12.2    12.0     17.1      +4.9
        b
 Opera                        2.2     1.2      3.4      +1.2
       b
 Ballet                                        3.8
                        b     3.2     1.7              [+0.9]
 Contemporary dance                            4.4
 Any event in a theatre      24.6    23.1     29.2     +4.6
 Classical music              4.0     8.9      6.6     +2.6
 Jazz                         4.2     5.0      4.1     -0.1
 Art galleries/exhibitions   19.3    25.1     21.2     +1.9
 Any of the above 8          34.7    39.8     43.8     +9.1
          c
 Museum                      23.2    26.2     23.4     +0.2
 Cinema                      35.3    44.3     53.6    +18.3




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15-34s
                                                           % point
                                88-90   90/91   05-08     diff 88-05
                                                    a
                                 % adults attending
    Play                        19.6    26.7     30.1      +10.5
           b
    Opera                        3.5     3.0      4.3       +0.8
          b
    Ballet                                        6.5
                           b     6.3     4.1                [+0.6]
    Contemporary dance                            7.3
    Any event in a theatre      29.2    38.7     36.3       +7.1
    Classical music              7.1    13.5      9.9       +2.8
    Jazz                         9.6    15.5      8.5       -1.1
    Art galleries/exhibitions   27.3    38.5     34.3       +7.0
    Any of the above 8          43.8    57.2     53.7       +9.9
             c
    Museum                      29.9    33.1     33.8       +3.9
    Cinema                      60.3    80.4     82.1      +21.8

35-54s
                                                           % point
                                88-90   90/91   05-08     diff 88-05
                                                    a
                                 % adults attending
    Play                        21.0    21.3     23.5        +2.5
           b
    Opera                        5.7     7.0      7.4        +1.7
          b
    Ballet                                        9.5
                           b     7.9     4.7                [-0.3]
    Contemporary dance                            5.8
    Any event in a theatre      35.0    34.2     38.2       +3.2
    Classical music              8.3     8.6     14.9       +6.3
    Jazz                         6.8     5.6     10.3       +3.5
    Art galleries/exhibitions   31.2    31.6     35.3       +4.1
    Any of the above 8          50.2    50.5     55.6       +5.4
             c
    Museum                      36.4    39.2     34.4       -2.0
    Cinema                      37.8    47.5     60.3      +22.5

Over-55s
                                                           % point
                                88-90   90/91   05-08     diff 88-05
                                                    a
                                 % adults attending
    Play                        16.1    16.3     24.8        +8.7
           b
    Opera                        5.1     3.8      9.2        +4.1
          b
    Ballet                                        8.3
                           b     4.0     5.2                [+2.4]
    Contemporary dance                            4.5
    Any event in a theatre      37.8    32.4     47.9      +10.1
    Classical music              9.8    12.5     18.2       +8.4
    Jazz                         2.2     2.0      7.1       +4.9
    Art galleries/exhibitions   24.8    27.1     31.8       +7.0
    Any of the above 8          44.7    44.3     59.0      +14.3
             c
    Museum                      27.6    28.6     29.7       +2.1
    Cinema                      21.3    17.5     40.0      +18.7

Source: Audiences South; BMRB, TGI.
a
    % of adult population “attending these days”.
b
    Small sample.
c
    % of adult population “been in previous 12 months”.




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Table 11.9 Greater Glasgow residents (15+) attendance, by art form, Scotland comparison, 1988-
90
                                            a
                             GGL      SCT        % points
                                             b
                             % adult attend        diff
    Plays                     18.9     19.5       0.6
                                                  0.4
                                   c
    Opera                      4.7      5.1
                                   c       d
    Ballet/contemp             6.1      ..          ..
    Any theatre perf          35.1     35.0       +0.1
    Classical music            8.3      8.9       0.6
    Jazz                       6.0      7.3       1.3
    Art gallery/exhibition    27.7     24.2       +3.5
    Any of the above 8        46.6     45.6       +1.0
             e
    Museum                    31.1     28.8       +2.3
    Cinema                    41.4     42.8       1.4

Source: Audiences South; BMRB, TGI.
a
    1990-91.
b
    “Attending these days”.
c
    Small sample.
d
    Ballet 5.1%, contemporary dance 2.9%.
e
    “Attended in previous 12 months”.

Table 11.10 Greater Glasgow residents (15+), attendance, by art form, Scotland comparison,
1990-91

                             GGL       SCT       % points
                                             a
                             % adult attend        diff
    Plays                     22.0     19.5       +2.5
    Opera
           b
                               4.2      5.1       0.9
                    b                      c
    Ballet/contemp             4.6      ..          ..
    Any theatre perf          35.5     35.0       +0.5
    Classical music           11.9      8.9       +3.0
    Jazz                       8.7      7.3       +1.4
    Art gallery/exhibition    33.1     24.2       +8.9
    Any of the above 8        51.5     45.6       +5.9
             d
    Museum                    33.4     28.8       +4.6
    Cinema                    51.9     42.8       +9.1

Source: Audiences South; BMRB, TGI.
a
    “Attending these days”.
b
    Small sample.
c
    Ballet 5.1%, contemporary dance 2.9%.
d
    “Attended in previous 12 months”.




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                                                                          CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



Table 11.11 Greater Glasgow residents (15+) attendance, Scotland comparison, 2007
                                     a        b
                                GGL     SCT           % points
                                % adult attend          diff
                                               c
    Plays                       26.1     23.9          +2.2
    Opera
           d
                                 7.1       8.4         1.3
    Ballet
          d
                                 8.1       9.2         1.1
    Contemporary dance
                           d
                                 5.8       6.3         0.5
    Any theatre perf            41.1     39.2          +1.9
    Classical music             14.5     13.9          +0.6
    Jazz                         8.6       8.4         +0.2
    Art gallery/exhibition      33.7     29.8          +3.9
    Any of the above 8          56.2     51.5          +4.7
             e                                 f
    Museum                      32.5     31.0          +1.5
    Cinema                      59.8     59.9          0.1

Source: Audiences South; BMRB, TGI.
a
    2005-08
b
    2004-06.
c
    “Attending these days”.
d
    Small sample.
e
    “Attended in previous 12 months”.
f
    2007/08.

Table 11.12 Glasgow City residents (15+) attendance by art form, by social grade and age, Outer
Glasgow comparison, 2005-08

All adults (15+)
                                                  a
                                 City O‟Gw              %
                                   % adults           points
                                            b
                                  Attending             diff
    Play                         27.5   24.9           +2.6
            c
    Opera                         8.4     6.0          +2.4
           c
    Ballet                        8.8     7.6          +2.2
                           c
    Contemporary dance            8.2     3.9          +4.3
    Any event in a theatre       38.4   43.3           -4.9
    Classical music              13.8   15.1           -1.3
    Jazz                          9.8     7.7          +2.1
    Pop/Rock                     33.8   32.4           +1.4
    Art galleries/exhibitions    36.7   31.4           +5.3
    Any of the above 8           56.1   56.3           -0.2
               c
    Museums                      35.7   30.0           +5.7
    Cinema                       61.6   58.5           +3.1

ABC1s
                                                  a
                                 City O‟Gw              %
                                   % adults           points
                                            b
                                  Attending             diff
    Play                         42.1   33.0           +9.1
            c
    Opera                        16.3     8.1          +8.2
           c
    Ballet                       17.0   10.5           +6.5
                           c
    Contemporary dance            9.6     6.0          +3.6
    Any event in a theatre       54.3   55.6           -1.3
    Classical music              22.9   24.7           -1.8
    Jazz                         15.0   13.2           +1.8
    Pop/Rock                     45.2   40.8           +4.4
    Art galleries/exhibitions    53.2   45.3           +9.9
    Any of the above 8           70.8   71.1           -0.3
               c
    Museums                      49.2   39.3           +9.9
    Cinema                       70.7   64.8           +5.9




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C2DEs
                                        a
                             City O‟Gw        %
                               % adults     points
                                        b
                              Attending       diff
 Play                        17.1   17.1       -
         c
 Opera                        2.9     4.0    -1.1
        c
 Ballet                       2.9     4.7    -1.8
                        c
 Contemporary dance           7.1     1.9    +5.2
 Any event in a theatre      27.0   31.2     -4.2
 Classical music              7.4     5.8    -1.6
 Jazz                         6.0     2.2    +3.8
 Pop/Rock                    25.7   24.3     +1.4
 Art galleries/exhibitions   24.9   17.8     +7.1
 Any of the above 8          45.7   42.0     +3.7
            c
 Museums                     26.1   20.8     +5.3
 Cinema                      55.1   52.3     +2.8

15-34s
                                        a
                             City O‟Gw        %
                               % adults     points
                                        b
                              Attending       diff
 Play                        31.8   28.8     +3.0
         c
 Opera                        5.7     3.2    +2.5
        c
 Ballet                       6.6     6.4    +0.2
                        c
 Contemporary dance           9.4     5.8    +3.6
 Any event in a theatre      29.2   41.9    -12.7
 Classical music              9.4   10.4     -1.0
 Jazz                         8.2     8.8    -0.6
 Pop/Rock                    49.7   51.4     -1.7
 Art galleries/exhibitions   36.3   32.7     +3.6
 Any of the above 8          52.7   54.5     -1.8
            c
 Museums                     35.5   32.4     +3.1
 Cinema                      87.3   77.8     +9.5

35-54s
                                        a
                             City O‟Gw        %
                               % adults     points
                                        b
                              Attending       diff
 Play                        28.6   19.3     +9.3
         c
 Opera                        9.4     5.7    +3.7
        c
 Ballet                      11.9     7.5    +4.4
                        c
 Contemporary dance           9.9     2.4    +7.5
 Any event in a theatre      36.7   37.7     -1.0
 Classical music             17.3   13.0     +4.3
 Jazz                        14.4     7.1    +7.3
 Pop/Rock                    44.1   39.5     +4.6
 Art galleries/exhibitions   44.2   28.1    +16.1
 Any of the above 8          59.5   52.5     +7.0
            c
 Museums                     39.3   30.4     +8.9
 Cinema                      60.3   60.2     +0.1




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                                                                                        CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



Over-55s
                                               a
                                  City O‟Gw          %
                                    % adults       points
                                             b
                                   Attending         diff
    Play                          22.6   26.6       -4.0
            c
    Opera                          9.8     8.7      +1.1
           c
    Ballet                         7.8     8.6      -0.8
                           c
    Contemporary dance             5.5     3.7      +1.8
    Any event in a theatre        46.0   49.4       -3.4
    Classical music               14.6   21.2       -6.6
    Jazz                           7.0     7.2      -0.2
    Pop/Rock                      10.7     8.8      +1.9
    Art galleries/exhibitions     30.1   33.1       -3.0
    Any of the above 8            56.1   61.4       -5.3
               c
    Museums                       32.5   27.4       +5.1
    Cinema                        40.3   39.8       +0.5

Source: Audiences South; BMRB, TGI.
a
  West Dunbartonshire, East Dunbartonshire, North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, East Renfrewshire,
  Renfrewshire local-authority areas.
b
  “Attending these days”.
c
  Small sample.
d
  “Attended in previous 12 months”.

Table 11.13 Glasgow residents (15+), popular music attendance, UK and London comparison,
2007

                                              GLA LDN UK
                                              % adults attended
    Attended live popular music events         59 43        51
    Attended more than once a year             24 15        16

Source: BMRB, TGI.

Table 11.14 Glasgow residents (15+), index of interest in popular music, 2007

                                                             Index:
    Percentage of Glasgow adults who:
                                                            LDN=100
     Love music                                                  115
     Buy CDs                                                     124
     Listen to new music                                         145
     Attend live music events more than once p.a.                222

Source: BMRB, TGI.

Table 11.15 “Glasgow and surroundings”, resident adults with cultural pastimes, 2008

                    %
                  Taking
                   part
    Performing      13          (includes 7% musical instruments, 2% choir singing, 2% drama)
    Visual arts     15          (includes 10% painting/drawing, 6% textiles/knitting, 8% photography)
    Writing         7           (includes 4% poetry, 5% stories/articles)

Source: DCMS, Taking Part (2008).

Sample: 741.




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                                                                                                                 CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



12. CREATIVE INDUSTRIES


Definition

The “creative industries” is a relatively recent concept, which lacks a settled definition. The notion
includes “arts and culture”, but is far broader, encompassing other industries based on individual
creativity and talent and the development of intellectual property. Typically, they embrace the digital
media, broadcasting, film, multi-media, publishing, press, architecture, design, advertising, audio-visuals
and commercial music, software and games, as well as the cultural sector, performance, visual arts,
literature, though sometimes excluding the heritage.

Glasgow‟s role

The best available analysis of the creative industries in Glasgow (by Ekos Limited) shows that the City
has the greatest concentration in Scotland and one of the largest in the UK outside London, alongside
Greater Manchester and Birmingham (Table 12.3). Glasgow Life and Creative Scotland recognise the
importance of Glasgow‟s creative industries to Scotland and the UK.

Data issues

According to the Ekos figures, Glasgow‟s creative economy employed some 24,687 in 2005 (Table
12.1). The data are derived from the Annual Business Enquiry (ABI), certain limitations of which need to
be noted. The figures enumerate employees only and exclude the self-employed. The data also
exclude the smallest businesses (those not registered for VAT) and all public-sector provision. This
leads to some under-recording of the creative economy. This is marked in respect of the “arts and
culture” sector, where there are numerous micro-businesses as well as significant activity in the public
sector. Further, design has proved difficult to identify as a category within the ABI and so is largely
excluded. A further point on methodology is that the Ekos figures employ the supply-chain definition of
the creative industries. It includes elements of manufacturing, distribution and retail, alongside original
production. This approach has much logic. It does add significantly to the sizing of the sector.

Supplementary

This paragraph attempts to address some of the data issues identified above. The Digest estimate of
jobs (FTEs) in the arts and cultural sector is 3,484 (2008/09) (Table 1.1). This includes the public sector
and micro-businesses. Despite excluding the supply-chain elements, the figure is much larger than the
2,502 of Ekos (2005). Figures on self-employment can be found in the Census. But the most recent are
for 2001 and they were collected on an occupation, rather than an industry, basis. They show 1,779
self-employed actors, dancers, musicians, visual artists, directors/officers and authors resident in
Greater Glasgow. These broadly relate to the territory of the “arts and culture”. Self-employed
journalists, broadcasters, photographers and audio-visual operators totalled 1,009, but not all of these
would be working in the creative industries. Some indication of the importance of design in Glasgow
can be gained from the Census (2001), which showed graphic, product and industrial designers
numbering 2,278 (30% of the Scotland total) (Table 14.12). Taken together, these supplementary
figures may provide an improved indicative estimate of jobs in the creative industries in Glasgow. They
suggest a total of 30,735 employed in the creative industries, comprising 5,263 in the cultural sector and
25,472 in the other areas of the creative industries. But it should be noted that these are hybrid figures,
which include estimates from different sources, use different methodologies and relate to different dates,
                                                                         4
and so it must be emphasised that they need to be treated with caution.

Strengths

The creative industries in Glasgow include strong clusters in broadcasting, film, advertising, multi-media,
publishing, software, games and music, though the limitations of the data do not record the latter fully
(Table 12.2). Available detail on various aspects of the music industry in Glasgow can be seen in Table
2.15. Glasgow‟s strength in Scotland‟s screen production infrastructure is illustrated in Table 4.5,
together with data on production activity in Table 4.6, drama production in Table 4.8, film outputs in
Table 4.9, and the producing role of the Glasgow-based broadcasting organisations in Tables 4.9 and
4.10.


4
    The Scottish government now produces an annual statistical series on the creative industries. These data are available at the Scotland level
    but not at that of individual cities and regions within Scotland. The statistics, as with previous analyses, are derived from the Annual
    Business Enquiry. The limitations of this source, described under “data issues” above, still apply. The analysis is prepared using a DCMS
    definition of the creative industries, comprising defined SIC (Standard Industrial Classification) codes, to which are applied proportions
    according to their specific relevance to the creative sector. The figures currently exclude radio and television and design. The SIC 2007
    adopted a revised methodology and so users of these statistics are advised not to compare the results for 2008 with those of previous years.


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                                                                                  CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



Growth and competitors

The fastest phase of employment growth in Glasgow‟s creative industries seems to have been in the
late 1990s (Tables 12.6, 12.7). Subsequently, there was some consolidation. The 2005 figures are
almost a fifth higher than in the mid-1980s, despite significant job losses from restructuring in Glasgow
publishing in the mid-1990s (Table 12.5). Glasgow remains well positioned in the screen and digital
industries, where the Scottish national focus is now placed. Whilst the BBC is building its presence in
Manchester by transferring functions from London, and Manchester‟s position has become more
competitive, Glasgow has benefited from some similar transfers and is said to be holding its own. 2010
is the busiest year for some time for independent feature films. Film City opened in 2009 and is proving
a great success.

Origination

The policy of building the City‟s original production capability in the creative industries has served
Glasgow well. Analysis of the 2005 data shows that the original production element of the creative
industries is larger in Glasgow than in the English rivals (Table 12.4). This implies a larger export
proportion in the output mix. A new, visioning exercise will seek to identify any new trajectories for the
creative industries in the City. Design remains an important opportunity for Glasgow, which fits the
enterprise agenda, in relation to which the Glasgow School of Art is an important competitive asset. The
long-run development of the Merchant City as a creative industries quarter in Central Glasgow has
made significant progress. Further steps towards its completion have been identified.




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                                                                                   CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



                                                       a                       b
Table 12.1 Digital media and creative industries in Glasgow, employment

                                            2001       2003   2005
                                                     Number
    Arts & cultural industries              2,139     2,418  2,502
    Film                                      558       666    632
    TV/radio                                3,732     3,672  3,360
    Multimedia                                533       400    357
    Publishing                              5,404     5,728  5,340
    Architecture                            5,727     5,807  6,240
    Advertising                             1,240     1,658  1,876
    Music                                       54        67     40
    Software                                6,584     3,731  4,340
    Total                                  25,971    24,147 24,687
    Total as % of all GLA employment           6.7       6.3    6.0

Source: Annual Business Enquiry data analysed in Ekos Limited, Baseline Analysis of the Digital Media
and Creative Industries in Glasgow and Metro West (Scottish Enterprise Glasgow), 2007.
a
    Excludes design.
b
    Excludes self-employment and employment in public bodies (eg local authorities).
                                                                      a            b
Table 12.2 Glasgow digital media and creative Industries , employment , as proportion of
Scotland total, 2005

                                                          GLA
                                 Glasgow    Scotland
                                                        % Scot
                                            Number
    Arts & cultural industries     2,502      14,749       17.0
    Film                             632       2,404       34.8
    TV/radio                       3,360      24,277       22.8
    Multimedia                       357       1,750       31.9
    Publishing                     5,340      24,275       22.3
    Architecture                   6,240      35,973       20.0
    Advertising                    1,876       3,772       28.9
    Music                             40         200       19.5
    Software                       4,340      17,901       24.2
    All                           24,687     125,307       19.7

Source: Annual Business Enquiry data analysed in Ekos Limited, Baseline Analysis of the Digital Media
and Creative Industries in Glasgow and Metro West (Scottish Enterprise Glasgow), 2007.
a
    Excludes design.
b
    Excludes self-employment and employment in public bodies (eg local authorities).




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                                                                                       CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



Table 12.3 Digital media and creative industries, employment, Glasgow and comparators, 2005

                            Employment         As % of total
                              (no.)         local employment
    Glasgow                   24,687               6.6
              a
    Edinburgh                 21,949               7.3
    Cardiff                   11,259               5.8
    Manchester                17,707               5.9
    Birmingham                27,201               5.5
                      b
    GLA Metro West                31,309               4.6
    Grtr Manchester               40,346               5.1

    Scotland                     125,307               5.3
    London                       294,041               9.7

Source: Annual Business Enquiry data analysed in Ekos Limited, Baseline Analysis of the Digital Media
and Creative Industries in Glasgow and Metro West (Scottish Enterprise Glasgow), 2007.
a
    2001.
b
    Glasgow City, Outer Glasgow (West Dunbarton, East Dunbarton, North Lanarkshire, South
    Lanarkshire, East Renfrewshire and Renfrewshire), Inverclyde, Ayrshire (East, North and South) and
    Dumfries and Galloway.

Table 12.4 Digital media and creative industries in Glasgow and comparator centres,
employment proportions by supply chain contribution, 2005

                   Original            Infra-    Repro-   Exchange
                                                                               Total
                  production         structure duction consumption
                                              Percentages
    Glasgow               66.4          0.6       17.4      15.6               100
    Manchester            65.5          0.5       12.1      21.9               100
    Birmingham            58.4          1.2       16.4      24.0               100
    Cardiff               62.4          0.4       14.1      23.1               100

Source: Annual Business Enquiry data analysed in Ekos Limited, Baseline Analysis of the Digital Media
and Creative Industries in Glasgow and Metro West (Scottish Enterprise Glasgow), 2007.
                                                   a
Table 12.5 Glasgow creative industries , jobs, companies, turnover, 1986, 1990, 1995, 1997

                                           1986        1990    1995    1997
    Jobs (number)
      Broadcasting                         2,024       1,974   1,825   1,783
      Independent film/video                 362         420     720     700
      Crafts and arts trades               1,082       1,165   1,070     943
      Music industry                          40          75     135     184
      Book publishing                      1,356       1,590     950     619
      Cinema                                 250         290     325     605
    Total                                  5,114       5,514   5,025   4,834
    Companies (no.)                          245         338     414     402
    Turnover (£million) 1995 prices          239         347     338     312

Source: Glasgow Cultural Statistics Framework (1998).
a
    Narrow definition.




                                                                                                       88
                                                                                                           CREATIVE INDUSTRIES



                                                                                a
Table 12.6 Glasgow digital, media and creative industries

                                   1995        2001      2003       2005
    Employment (k)                [20.61]      25.97     24.15      24.69
    Index (1995:100)                100         126       118        120
    % all GLA empl‟mt                ..         6.7       6.3        6.0
    Business stock (nos.)            ..        1,145     1,190      1,182
    % all GLA bus                    ..         9.1       9.7        9.5
                                                   b         c
    GVA total (£m)                   ..        509       601         654
    % all GLA GVA                    ..         8.6       8.4        7.2

Source: Ekos Ltd, Development of Glasgow‟s Creative and Cultural Industries (Scottish Enterprise
Glasgow and Glasgow City Council), 2004 and Ekos Ltd, Baseline Analysis of Digital, Media and
Cultural Industries in Glasgow and Metro West (Scottish Enterprise Glasgow), 2007.
a
    See Table 12.1 for coverage.
b
    2000.
c
    2002.

Table 12.7 Glasgow creative industries, index of employment, 1985/86, 1990, 1995, 2001, 2005

                                     85/86      1990       1995      2001       2005
    Employment (thousand)
                        a
      Narrow definition               5.11       5.51      5.6         ..         ..
                      b
      Wide definition                                     20.61      25.97      24.69
    Index: 100=85/86                   100       108       98         123        117

Source: see Tables 12.5 and 12.6.
a
    Original production in broadcasting, independent film/video, crafts and arts trade, music industry, book
    publishing and cinema presentation.
b                  a
    As in footnote , plus software, games, multimedia, advertising, newspapers, architecture and
    surveying; also includes full supply-chain contributions in infrastructure, reproduction and exchange,
    as well as original production.




13. TOURISM


Volume and value

According to Visit Scotland, staying visits to Glasgow totalled 2.39 million in 2008. Overseas tourists
made 0.71 million trips and UK residents 1.68 million. These represented some 29% of overseas and
                                           5
14% of UK trips to Scotland (Table 13.1) . Tourist spend in Glasgow totalled £620 million. Visit
Scotland calculates that 7.9% of all jobs in Glasgow are in “tourism related activities”.

Success

Glasgow‟s success as European City of Culture in 1990 provided a major tourism boost, especially in
the overseas market, and the sector has subsequently grown substantially, with strong marketing, the
first city marketing bureau in Scotland, and investment in accommodation (Table 13.5), retailing, visitor
attractions and conference facilities. Glasgow achieves major success in the conference business,
especially international meetings and the City stands at 33 in the world (first in the UK) amongst
members of the International Congress and Convention Association.

Motivations

But leisure is the major reason for visiting Glasgow. Some 56% of domestic and 46% of overseas
staying visitors are “on holiday”, 53% overall, accounting for 1.27 million trips (Table 13.3). In the TNS
study of “tourists and leisure visitors”, shopping is identified as the main reason for visiting Glasgow by


5   Please note that the UKTS, which monitors UK domestic tourism, changed methodology in 2004. Caution should be used in drawing
    detailed conclusions from these data.


                                                                                                                                    89
                                                                                                  TOURISM



25% of respondents and culture by 22%, comprising 12% arts/art galleries, 6% museums and 4%
concerts (Table 13.6).

Culture within brand

A TNS brand-association study shows that the cultural aspects of the brand are centrally positioned.
Whilst bars and clubs are the top brand associations at 43% for the full panel, architecture is a brand
association for 28% of respondents, historical attractions for 27%, art galleries for 26% and museums
for 25% (Table 13.11). “Style adopters” (or taste leaders), a sub-group within the full panel, score these
cultural strands significantly higher than do the full panel. For „style adopters‟, architecture, as a
Glasgow brand association, rises to 35% and surpasses “bars, clubs”, at 34%.

Overseas leisure market

Image change is long-term work. In the overseas leisure tourist market, Glasgow has achieved second
position outside London, behind Edinburgh, and well above its English big-city rivals, Liverpool,
Manchester and Birmingham (Table 13.4). The brand monitoring also shows that negative perceptions
of Glasgow in the domestic market are less than for the English competitor cities (Table 13.9). They are
also less pronounced among the „style adopters‟ (Table 13.10).

Strengths

The Glasgow City-centre‟s retail is rated second only to London‟s. The City has equal strengths in its
culture and entertainment. The City has the best attended museum system (Table 13.12) within the UK
outside London and the most active concert halls (Table 13.13). Glasgow has an exceptional array of
architectural and townscape treasures. The volume and range of opportunities are key attracters in
themselves but the several unique cultural elements, many of international significance, have
exceptional salience for cultural-tourism, such as the Mackintosh legacy, and key elements in the
Burrell, Kelvingrove, Transport Museum and Hunterian collections. The vitality of Glasgow‟s visual and
performing arts and the richness of the music scene are further strong pulling points.



Staying visitor cultural consumption

An analysis by Lynn Jones Research shows that the UK staying visitors who are active consumers of
culture attend 2.50 events/attractions (Table 13.7) during a trip, and the overseas staying visitors 3.03
events/attractions. As an indication of the significance of the interaction between culture and tourism,
some 26% (Table 11.5), equating to 928k visits of the total 3.57 million to Glasgow museums in 2008
(Table 5.3) were clocked by staying visitors to the City.

Total offer

Glasgow has a series of festivals with clear formats at particular points of the year. The City‟s events‟
strategy is important in this (see Section 8). The power of culture to drive city tourism also depends on
the total cultural offer, which contains within it specific triggers, be it particular collections, key
exhibitions, important repertoire or unmissable performers (Table 11.6). Glasgow shares this strength
with other metropolitan centres, namely live performances, exhibitions, museums and heritage
attractions, including unique elements, which are sufficiently numerous and interesting to trigger visits at
any time of the year (Table 13.9). Live performances average nine a day (Table 2.2).

Recent developments

Tourism is a highly competitive field. Glasgow‟s „Scotland with Style‟ brand was launched in 2004 and
the city‟s ten-year tourism strategy began in 2007. This was before recent disruptive events in the world
economy. Visit Scotland reports that trips to the City totalled 2.30 million in 2009 (Table 13.1). Whilst
this is down from 2.39 million in 2008, other figures show the City holding up well. Lynn Jones
Research Limited puts Glasgow hotel occupancy at 74.7% in 2009/10 (Table 13.2). This is above the
2008/09 figure, compares well with 2006/07, and is only 2.4 percentage points below the 2007/08 peak
of 77.1%.




                                                                                                        90
                                                                                                          TOURISM



Table 13.1 Glasgow tourism, trips and value
                                             a           a          a          b          b          bc
                                      1989        1990       1996       2006       2007       2008
    Trips (k)
        Overseas                         320        450        540        700        750          710
        Domestic                       1,600      1,300      1,200      1,900      1,790        1,680
        Total                          1,920      1,750      1,740      2,600      2,540        2,390
      As % Scot total trips
        Overseas                         22         28         27         26         27           29
        Domestic                         16         17         11         14         14           14
                              d
    Value (£m constant prices )
        Overseas                        147        235        228        236        227          232
                                           e
        Domestic                       190         190        179        451        408          388
        As % Scot total value
        Overseas                         15         20         18         15         16           19
                                           e
        Domestic                         8          11         10         15         14           14
Source: Visit Scotland, from IPS and UKTS.
a
    Greater Glasgow.
b
    City of Glasgow.
c
    The provisional figures for 2009 are overseas 670k and domestic 1,630k, a total of 2,300k.
d
    2008 prices: index RPI.
e
    1991 figure.

Table 13.2 Glasgow hotel occupancies

                                        04/05      05/06       06/07      07/08      08/09        09/10
    % room occupancy                     70.7       72.7        75.3       77.1       73.8         74.7

Source: Lynn Jones Research Ltd.

Table 13.3.Glasgow tourism, domestic and overseas, by traffic type

                                                             %point
                               1996      2007      2008      change
                                                              96-08
    Domestic
     Holidays                     42         53      56          +14
     Business                     24         28      29           +5
     Visiting friends & rels      30         13      12          -18
     Study/other                   4          6       3           -1
    Overseas
     Holidays                     55         45      46           -9
     Business                     21         16      16           -5
     Visiting friends & rels      19         29      29          +10
     Study/other                   5         10       9           +4

Source: Visit Scotland, from UKTS and IPS.
                                  a
Table 13.4 Top five UK cities staying visits by overseas visitors, by purpose, 2006-09 average

                                         GLA        EDN          LIV  MAN             BMG
                                                             Thousand
    Holiday                               312        770        162    160                101
    Business                              120        154          34   337                380
          b
    Other                                 256        377        347    397                256
    Total                                 688      1,301        543    894                737

Source: Visit Britain.
a
     Excluding London, with 14,939k overseas staying visits (2006-9 average), of which 3,215k holidays
     and 6,648k business trips.
b
    Includes study and visiting friends and relatives.




                                                                                                              91
                                                                                            TOURISM



Table 13.5 Glasgow City accommodation, rooms and bed spaces

                            2001   2005
                              Number
    Rooms
     Hotel/serviced         6,523     6,873
                  a
     Non-serviced           3,033     3,795
     Total                  9,556    10,668
    Bed spaces             17,416    18,931

Source: Tourism Resources Company (for Scottish Enterprise Glasgow), Glasgow Tourism
Accommodation Review 2004/2005, n.d.
a
    Includes campus, self-catering and serviced apartments.

Table 13.6 Glasgow tourist and leisure visitors, main reason for visiting, 2003/04

                                           %
    Shopping                               26
                                              a
    Culture                                22
                                              b
    Glasgow                                19
    Visiting friends and relatives         15
    Day out                                11
    Travelling through                      4
    Business                                5
    Total                                 100

Sample: 1,094 visitors to Glasgow, staying away from home + 20% quota of leisure day visitors (away
from home for at least 3 hours), June 2003-June 2004, randomly selected interviews at tourism sites in
central Glasgow.

Source: TNS Greater Glasgow & Clyde Valley Visitor Survey 2003/04 (for Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Valley Tourist Board Visit Scotland), 2004.
a
    Of which, art/art galleries 12%, museums 6%, concerts 4%.
b
    Of which, general sightseeing 9%, Glasgow itself 7%, wanted to return 3%.

Table 13.7 Glasgow staying visitors, cultural tourism engagement, 2008

                                           No. visits
                            % visiting
                                            per trip
                            UK      O/s    UK     O/s
    Museums                 88      81    1.81 2.01
    Historic buildings      34      54    1.48 1.61
    Theatre, concerts       17      18    1.21 1.19
    Any of above            93      89    2.50 3.03

Sample: 1,240 Visitrack online; mainly leisure visitors, January-December 2008.

Source: Lynn Jones Research Limited, Glasgow Visitor Survey Cultural Tourism Analysis (2010).

Table 13.8 Glasgow City museums and historic buildings, percentage attendance by quarter of
    a
year

                            Jan-Mar       Apr-Jun   Jul-Sept   Oct-Dec
              b
    Museums                   22.0         28.1       30.2      19.6     100
                       c
    Historic buildings        18.0         27.7       34.5      19.7     100

Source: CSG, Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society.
a
    2008 and 2009 averages
b
    Glasgow City museums.
c
    Mackintosh Church.




                                                                                                   92
                                                                                            TOURISM



Table 13.9 Glasgow brand salience, attitudes towards Glasgow city break, 2006-07

                                EDN      MAN    CDF NEW         BMG   GLA
                                                Percentages
 Favourite city                  23         7      3      5       5     5
 Always consider                 52        32     29     23      18    31
 Might consider                  19        28     33     32      24    31
 Would not consider               5        26     28     32      38    24
 Would avoid                      1         6      7      9      18     8
                                100       100    100    100     100   100

 Nothing of interest; not
                                  19       31      38      40    43    25
 heard good reason to visit

Sample: 1,839 European online panel.

Source: TNS (for Glasgow City Marketing Bureau), strategic position of the Glasgow brand, 2006.

Table 13.10 Glasgow brand salience, attitudes towards Glasgow city break, by position on style
pyramid, 2006-07

                        Style    Capital  Style
                       adptrs   leaders foll‟ers
                              Percentages
 Favourite city             8         3        6
 Always consider           51        29       28
 Might consider            19        34       32
 Would not consider        14        24       27
 Would avoid                8         9        7
                          100      100      100

Sample: 1,839 European online panel.

Source: TNS (for Glasgow City Marketing Bureau), Strategic Position of the Glasgow Brand (2007)

Table 13.11 Glasgow brand associations, early style adopters and all, 2007

                                  %
                           Full         Style   % point
                          panel        adptrs       diff
 Bars, clubs                43            34         -7
 High street shopping       37            39        +2
 Sport                      29            23         -6
 Architecture               28            35        +7
 Historical attractions     27            36        +9
 Museums                    25            33        +8
 Art galleries              26            31        +5
 Conferencing               22            25        +3
 Designer shopping          20            24        +4
 Contemporary music         18            24        +6
 Fine dining                17            30       +13
 Science & Technology       17            17           -
 Dance                      15            26       +11

Sample: Wave 3 only within 2006-07 1,839 European online panel.

Source: TNS (for Glasgow City Marketing Bureau), Strategic Position of the Glasgow Brand, (2007).




                                                                                                    93
                                                                                     TOURISM



Table 13.12 UK cities with most concert venues in top 100, by venue number and performances,
2008

                  Venues   Perfs
    London          23     5,440
                       a
    Glasgow          6     1,266
                       b
    Manchester       5     1,061
                       c
    Birmingham       4       865
                       d
    Bristol          3       491

Source: Performing Right Society.
a
    King Tut‟s, RSAMD, RCH, O2 ABC, City Halls, SECC.
b
    RNCM, BWH, Night & Day, Roadhouse, Carling Apollo.
c
    O2 Academy, Birmingham Conservatoire, Town Hall, ICC (Symphony Hall).
d
    St George‟s, O2 Academy, Colston.

Note: Other Scottish entries in top 100: Edinburgh Queen‟s Hall 176, Inverness Eden Court 172,
Aberdeen Music Hall 173, Perth Concert Hall 110.

Table 13.13 UK cities outside London with most attendance at registered museums, 2008

                  Reg   Attend
                  mus       (k)
    Glasgow        17    3,571
              a
    Liverpool      11    3,232
    Edinburgh      12    2,892
    Manchester     11    2,135
    Newcastle      11    1,564

Source: MLA, CSG, Visit Scotland, Visit England, annual accounts and reports.
a
    Liverpool European Capital of Culture in 2008; attendance in 2007/08 2,708k.




                                                                                           94
                                                                                                                                RESOURCES



14. RESOURCES


Revenue funding

The public revenue funding for the arts, museums and libraries in Glasgow (2008/09) totals £73 million,
£35 million of which derives from the Scottish government and £38 million (including support costs) from
the Glasgow City Council (Table 14.1). The central government funding (£35 million) is devoted entirely
to the arts, which the City also supports but to a lesser extent (£9 million). Whereas the arts funding is a
shared responsibility between City and central government, the City is required, as with other local
authorities in Scotland, to fund alone its museums (£15 million) and libraries (£14 million).

Glasgow share of national funding

Glasgow‟s share of national arts and museums funding is 31% of the total, compared to Edinburgh‟s
46% and the rest of Scotland‟s 22% (Table 14.2). The arts funding reflects the national significance of
Glasgow‟s institutional base in the arts. This includes four of the five national performing companies.
                                                                 6
Their funding, which is direct from central government , also supports the national touring
responsibilities of the companies. It accounts for £22 million of the £35 million arts grant-in-aid to
Glasgow organisations. The remainder of the arts funding is voted through Creative Scotland.
Scotland‟s national funding of museums is overwhelmingly devotedly to the national institutions (which
are based in Edinburgh). Nothing goes to the Glasgow City museums, even though they can be
compared in size, scale, role and quality to the nationals. The Glasgow City museums represent an
exceptional national cultural responsibility within Britain for a local authority to be bearing on its own
(see Section 5 passim, and also Table 13.3).

City Council spend

The bulk of the City Council‟s spend on culture supports its direct operations, which include the
museums (10 open sites) and the library (34 sites), three concert halls, and Tramway and Trongate 103
(Table 14.3). The running of these organisations was transferred to an arms-length body in 2007,
Glasgow Life (initially called Culture and Sport Glasgow), which also includes sport, leisure and
community development (Table 14.5). This positions culture strongly in relation to community planning.
The Arts Development Unit within Glasgow Life oversees the venues, coordinates cultural action within
community policy, monitors the City‟s arts grant programme of some £3 million (Table 14.4) and also
mounts key festivals, most notably Glasgow International and Celtic Connections.

Co-funding of the arts

Under the co-funding arrangements for the arts, some 51 independent institutions are supported in
Glasgow. These include the four Glasgow-based national performing companies and a further 16
organisations jointly funded by Creative Scotland and Glasgow Life. The remainder receive “core
revenue support” from one or other of these bodies. Beyond the nationals, the big grants go to the
Citizens‟ Theatre, followed by the Tron, the Arches and CCA. Additionally, both Creative Scotland and
the City provide project funds for individual practitioners, small organisations and a range of
development schemes and initiatives beyond the work of the core institutions.

Other city spend on culture

Additionally, the City, through Glasgow Education Services, spends some £3 million on instrumental
music teaching and on its arts practitioner programme. Further, in relation to the creative industries, the
City‟s Development and Regeneration Services operates the Glasgow Film Office as a core service
(£184k net spend), gives a small grant to the Cultural Enterprise Office (£10k) and provides support to
The Lighthouse (£110k in 2008/09).

Other national sources

Public funding for Glasgow‟s cultural system also comes from other national sources, such as the [£6
million] support from BBC Scotland for the BBC SSO and the [£21 million] from Shefce for RSAMD and
GSA. Glasgow‟s creative industries receive some project funding from Scottish Enterprise and Creative
Scotland maintains the national screen/digital team in the City.



6   In an important development, Creative Scotland has been established by the Scottish government to provide overall leadership for the
     creative industries. The work of the Scottish Arts Council is absorbed into the new organisation. There is a strong development aspect to
     the work of the new agency. Scottish national responsibility for the national collections, the heritage, libraries, archives and the national
     performing companies, sits alongside Creative Scotland within the Office of the First Minister.
                                                                                              RESOURCES



City spend compared to other local authorities

Glasgow City Council is the largest spender on culture (2008/09) among the Scottish local authorities,
                                                                                          th
both in absolute and in per capita terms (Table 14.6). Dundee is second, Aberdeen 7 and Edinburgh
   th
20 in net council spend per head of population (Table 14.7). Glasgow scores top on both the narrow
definition of the sector (arts, museums, libraries and archives) and the wider Cipfa definition (which adds
parks and tourism). In terms of individual areas, Glasgow has the highest per capita spend on
museums, also on parks and tourism, but not on the arts, where it is second to Edinburgh, and not on
                             th
the libraries, where it is 19 amongst the Scottish local authorities.

Funding trajectories

Despite retaining its lead position amongst Scottish local authorities in cultural spending, the real-terms
value of Glasgow City Council spend appears to have declined. Revenue spend on arts, museums and
libraries, excluding central service allocations, rose from £29 million in 1997/98 to £33 million in 2008/09
(Table 14.8), but this represents a real-terms fall of 14% (using an RPI deflator). In the same period,
central government spending in Glasgow increased from £14.6 million to £35.3 million, a real-terms
increase of 79%. This includes a substantial increase in revenue spending from Lottery funds and the
major uplift given by central government to revenue funding for the NPCs. As a result, whereas the City
was responsible for 66% of the public spending on culture in Glasgow in 1997/98 (excluding central
allocations), its share is around 49% in 2008/09 (or 52% when central allocations are added; see Table
14.1).

Income patterns by domain

The cultural sector has generally become more self-reliant in recent years (Table 14.9). The biggest
change has been in the theatre, which has achieved a significant rise in the relevant importance of sales
as a source of income. Sales increased in the producing theatres by 15 percentage points between
1996/97 and 2008/09, and in the receiving theatres by 26 percentage points. The contribution of private
income has grown across the sector, but its overall significance remains relatively minor. The highest
shares of private income are reached in music (11%) and in opera/ballet (8%). Museums are one area
where the fundraising mix seems to have changed little. The grant for the City museums remains at
86% of total income, the same figure as in 1996/97. This grant share compares to 75% in opera/ballet,
52% in music and 43% in producing theatres. The grant proportion for the concert halls is 26%. The
receiving theatres still depend for 7% of income on grant.

Cultural workforce

The major concentration in Glasgow of Scotland‟s cultural workforce is a significant strength for the City.
The decennial census records people‟s occupations alongside their place of residence. The 2001
census showed 5,318 in Glasgow with cultural occupations and a further 5,051 in Outer Glasgow,
10,369 in total (Table 14.12). The Greater Glasgow figure represents 31% of the Scottish total (Table
14.14). The equivalent figure for Edinburgh is 19%.

Concentration in Glasgow

The largest groupings within cultural occupations in Greater Glasgow are the authors, journalists and
publicists (2,662), the artists and graphic designers (1,904), and the actors, dancers, producers and
broadcasters (2,044) (Table 14.11). Greater Glasgow is home to 42% of Scotland‟s actors, dancers,
producers and broadcasters, 38% of its musician, and 29% of its artists and graphic designers (Table
14.14). Edinburgh has the greater concentration of curators, conservators and archivists.

Growth in cultural occupations

The figure for people with cultural occupations living in Greater Glasgow in 1991 had been 5,660. The
increase over the decade to 2001 was large, at 83%, but for Scotland as a whole, the growth had been
even more, at 87%, and Edinburgh had experienced quite exceptional development, with an increase of
138% (Table 14.10). The cultural occupations showing the largest increases in Greater Glasgow
between 1991 and 2001 (Table 14.11)were the artists and graphic designers (up 154%), authors,
journalists and broadcasters (up 113%), and actors, dancers, producers and broadcasters (up 109%).
In the same period, the numbers of curators, conservators and archivists in Greater Glasgow declined
by 45%.




                                                                                                        96
                                                                                             RESOURCES



Employment status and gender

Some 38% of those with cultural occupations in Glasgow City are self-employed (Table 14.13). The
highest proportions of self-employment are found amongst the actors (76%), artists (70%) and the
authors/writers (63%). An estimate for self-employment amongst those with cultural occupations in
Greater Glasgow is 36% (Table 14.12). Men predominate in the cultural occupations, at 61% of the
total (Table 14.13). Females form the majority of publicists (64%), dancers (61%), and product and
clothing designers (56%). Very many with cultural occupations work outwith the cultural and creative
industries themselves (Table 14.15). For example, major concentrations of designers are found in
manufacturing and business services.

Lottery funds

Between 1995 and 2009, Glasgow received £470 million funding from the National Lottery, and Outer
Glasgow a further £206 million (Table 14.17). Glasgow City‟s share amounts to 23% of the total value
of Scotland‟s Lottery awards and Outer Glasgow‟s 10%. The biggest proportions going to the City were
from the arts (31%) and the millennium (45%) distributors.

Capital projects

The capital funds have been used primarily to address the physical renewal of Glasgow‟s cultural
infrastructure (Table 14.18). The Kelvingrove scheme, towards which was also raised a record sum
(£12 million) in private-sector contributions, is perhaps the most visible single refurbishment
achievement. It was sensible to use building refurbishments to improve the operating conditions of
Glasgow‟s key performing-arts institutions. The work for Scottish Ballet at Tramway and the
improvements to the Tron and the Arches are important examples which served to deepen the rooting of
these organisations in the City. The City Halls project, not primarily a Lottery matter, produced a similar
result for the BBC SSO. A further significant set of improvements were achieved in the heritage
infrastructure, not least through the impact of the townscape initiatives and the extensive work in various
parks and open spaces, such as Glasgow Green and on Kibble Palace in the Botanic Gardens (Table
14.19).

New institutions and new buildings

As for new things, two new organisations have been created in Lottery-refurbished premises, Trongate
103 and The Lighthouse in a Mackintosh building. The new buildings are few. Some new workshops
and studios have been built, eg for Scottish Opera and RSAMD, but only three significant new buildings
have come from Lottery investment, the Platform, the Science Centre and, to be completed in 2011, the
exciting Riverside Museum, which will rehouse Glasgow‟s remarkable transport collections.




                                                                                                       97
                                                                                          RESOURCES



Table 14.1 Public revenue funding of culture in Glasgow, by source and domain, 2008/09

                             GLA       Scot
                                 a            b   Total
                             City      Govt
                                        £m
                                            c
    Arts                       9        35         44
    Museums                   15         -         15
    Libraries/archives        14         -         14
    Heritage                   ..        ..         ..
                                  d
    Total                    [38]      [35]       [73]

Source: GCC, CSG (Glasgow Life), Cipfa Scotland.
a
    Includes support costs.
b
    Includes SAC voted funding and non-capital Lottery distributions.
c
    Of which, £22m for NPCs based in Glasgow.
d
    Excludes some £3 million from Glasgow Education Services for instrumental music teaching and arts
    practitioner programme, and some £204k from Development ad Regeneration Services on creative-
    industries work.

Table 14.2 National revenue funding of the arts and museums, in Glasgow, Edinburgh and rest of
Scotland, by SAC and Scottish government, 2008/09

                                               Rest
                              GLA      EDN                Total
                                               Scot
                                             £m
                                  a
    Nat perf cos               22         2      -         24
    SAC voted                  10        13     19         42
    SAC Lttry non-cap           3         3      6         12
                                            b
    Nat museums                 -        33      -         33
    Total                      35        51     25        111
    % distribution            31.5      46.0 22.5         100

Source: Scottish Government, SAC, national museums accounts and plans.
a
    Based in Glasgow City.
b
    Includes various institutions based elsewhere.

Table 14.3 Glasgow City Council, revenue expenditure on culture, 2008/09

                                  £m
    Arts
                                        a
      Theatres/halls              2.8
                         b
      Arts development            2.9
                                      c
      Grants                      3.0
      Subtotal                    8.7
              de
    Museums                      14.9
                       e
    Libraries/archives           14.2
    Total                        37.8

Source: GCC, CSG (Glasgow Life), Cipfa.
a
     King‟s, Theatre Royal and Royal Concert Halls.
b
     Includes Tramway and CSG arts development team.
c
     Includes RSNO direct grant and City Grants Programme.
d
    Excludes one-off capital grant from revenue; includes £252.6k “heritage”.
e
    Includes central services allocations.
f
    Excludes heritage spend in DRS and £3.0 million spend by GES on music and creative arts services.




                                                                                                   98
                                                                                      RESOURCES



Table 14.4 Glasgow City Council arts grants (from City Grants Programme), by art form and
number, 2008/09

                    £k     Number
    Drama         1,058      29
    Dance           209      10
    Music           601      27
    Visual arts     330      20
                                a
    Mixed           652      44
    Total         2,850     130

Source: CSG (Glasgow Life) analysis.
a
    Includes 24 ethnic minority organisations.

Table 14.5 Culture Sport Glasgow, income and expenditure, 2008/09

                                  £k
    Income
      Glasgow CC                69.53
              a
      Earned                    15.40
      External grants            8.30
                       b
      Interest & other           0.62
                           c
      Charitable transfer        0.50
      Total                     94.35
    Expenditure
      Arts & museums            17.70
      Libraries/comm halls      18.06
      Sport & events            34.28
      Social renewal             8.35
                         d
      Support services          14.31
      Total                     92.70

Source: Glasgow Life, statutory accounts.
a
    Principally leisure charges.
b
    Includes tax credit.
c
    From CSG‟s subsidiary, CIC.
d
    Comprising financial control (£1.6m), legal, performance, procurement (£1.0m), ICT (£2.2m), HR
    (£1.9m), marketing (£2.0m), Young Scot (£0.6m), policy, direction, renewal (£1.3m), building
    maintenance (3.1m), other (£0.6m).

Table 14.6 Glasgow City Council, net public expenditure per head of population on culture, by
area, Scotland average comparison, 2008/09

                                GLA £      Scot     GLA as     GLA         Top
                                                                    a
                               per head    avge    % of avge   Rank      authority
    Sport                        35.41     31.07      +14        7      Midlothian
    Community                    10.33     10.00        +3      10      N Ayrshire
    Parks & open space           51.01     29.25      +74        1       Glasgow
    Arts                         15.74      9.57      +64        2      Edinburgh
    Museums & heritage           22.01      7.61     +289        1       Glasgow
    Libraries                    19.87     21.73        -9      19       Dundee
    Archives                      0.61      0.45      +36        6      Highlands
    Tourism                      19.27      4.90     +393        1       Glasgow
    Other                         3.32      1.27     +261        3         Fife
    All                         177.60    115.80      +53        1       Glasgow

Source: Cipfa, Cultural Statistics in Scotland 2008-09 Actuals (2009).
a
    Of 29 non-island local authorities.




                                                                                                99
                                                                                    RESOURCES



Table 14.7 Glasgow City Council, net public expenditure per head of population on culture, by
area, Scottish cities comparison, 2008/09

                              GLA         EDN      DND      ABN
                                            £ per head
    Sport                     35.41       24.90     27.72    37.60
    Community                 10.33        5.21     12.71     5.53
    Parks & open space        51.01        9.90     44.95    22.22
    Arts                      15.74       16.40     13.19    13.63
    Museums & heritage        22.01        5.90      9.86    10.58
    Libraries                 19.87       24.32     31.94    20.66
    Archives                   0.61         -        1.35     0.01
    Tourism                   19.27        9.30      1.02     2.50
    Other                      3.32            -     3.62        -
    All                      177.60       95.92 146.36      112.73

    Total spend (£m)           104        45         21       24
                        a
    Spend-per-head rank         1         20          2        7
    Population (k)             584        472        142     210

Source: Cipfa, Cultural Statistics in Scotland 2008-09 Actuals (2009).
a
    Of 29 non-island local authorities.

Table 14.8 Public revenue funding of the arts, museums and libraries, in Glasgow, by source,
1997/98 and 2008/09

                    97/98 08/09        % change
                                                 a
                         £m           real terms
                b
    Glasgow CC
     Arts             8.5      8.7          -24
     Museums          9.3     12.6            -
               c
     Libraries       11.1     12.2          -18
           d
     Total           28.9     33.5          -14
    Scottish govt
     Nat perf cos    10.8     21.7          +49
           e
     SAC              3.7     13.6         +172
     Total           14.6     35.3          +79
    Total            43.5     68.8          +24

Source: GCSF (1998); GCC, CSG (Glasgow Life), Cipfa, Scottish Government.
a
    RPI index.
b
    Excludes central services allocations and debt charges.
c
    Excludes archives.
d
    Excludes spend on creative-industries support.
e
    Includes voted and Lottery non-capital revenue support; some “exceptional” payments are also
    included; see Tables 14.17-14.19 for Lottery capital.




                                                                                            100
                                                                                    RESOURCES



Table 14.9 Glasgow institutions, income by type

                         Sales       Prvte Grant
                                          %
    Producing theatres
      96/97               38           2     60    100
            a
      08/09               53           4     43    100
      % change           +15          +2    -17
    Music
      96/97               38           2    60     100
      08/09               37          11    52     100
      % change            -1          +9    -8
    Opera/ballet (nat)
      96/97                29          5     65    100
      08/09                16          8     75    100
      % change            -13         +3    +11
    Visual arts
      08/09               17          10     73    100
    Dance
      08/09               16           1     83    100
    Receiving theatres
      96/97               66           1     33    100
      08/09               92           1      7    100
      % change           +26           -    -26
    Halls
      96/97               70           1    29     100
      08/09               71           3    26     100
      % change            +1          +2    -3
    Museums (city)
      1996/97             12          2     86     100
      2008/09                   14          86     100
      % change             -          -      -

Source: GCSF(1998), CSG, SAC, statutory accounts, institutions and organisations.
a
    Excluding NTS.




                                                                                         101
                                                                                                 RESOURCES



                                                                         a
Table 14.10 Persons (aged 16-74) with cultural occupations , Scotland

                                                    %
                          1991        2001
                                                change
    Glasgow City         2,760        5,318        +93
    Outer Glasgow        2,900        5,051        +74
    Greater Glasgow      5,660       10,369        +83
    Edinburgh            2,560        6,095       +138
    Rest of Scotland     8,680       15,069        +74
    Scotland            16,900       31,533        +87

Source: Census 1991 (10% sample) and 2001.
a
    See Table 14.16 for definition of cultural occupations; this table excludes the librarians and curators.

Table 14.11 Persons (aged 16-74) in cultural occupations, Greater Glasgow

                                                                   %
                                           1991         2001
                                                               change
    Actor, dancer, producer, b‟caster       980       2,044      +109
    Musician                                560         736       +31
    Artists, graphic designer               750       1,904      +154
    Author, journalist, publicist         1,250       2,662      +113
    Photographer, AV operative              590       1,041       +76
    Architect                             1,170       1,196        +2
    Product/clothing designer               360         786      +118
    All                                   5,660      10,369       +83

    Librarian                                  570       645       +13
    Curator, conservator, archivist            280       153       -45

Source: Census 1991 (10% sample) and 2001.

Table 14.12 Persons (aged 16-74) with cultural occupations, Glasgow City and Outer Glasgow,
2001

                                       GLA      Outer        Gtr     Self
                                                                        a
                                        City     GLA       GLA     empl
    Actor, entertainer                  351       255       606      461
    Dancer, choreographer                56        45       101       27
    Arts officer/producer/director      289       127       416      187
    Broadcasting professional           598       323       921      203
    Musician                            461       275       736      464
    Artist                              243       169       412      288
    Graphic designer                    606       886     1,492      313
    Author, writer                      286       272       558      352
    Journalist                          714       637     1,351      338
    Public relations officer            374       379       753       68
    Photographer & AV operator          464       577     1,041      468
    Architect                           541       655     1,196      335
    Product/clothing designer           335       451       786      330
    Total                             5,318     5,051    10,369    3,734

Source: Census 2001 (10% sample).
a
    Estimate for Greater Glasgow based on self-employed proportions in cultural occupations in Glasgow
    City.




                                                                                                         102
                                                                                                                RESOURCES



Table 14.13 Persons (aged 16-74) with cultural occupations, employment status and gender,
Glasgow City, 2001

                                                 Self      Empl                                      Percentages
                                      Total                           M            F
                                                empl       oyee                               Self    Empl M         F
    Actor, entertainer                  351       268         83       209        142         76        24    60     40
    Dancer, choreographer                56        15         41        22         34         27        73    39     61
    Producer, director, officer         289       130        159       163        126         45        55    56     44
    Broadcasting professional           598       131        467       296        302         22        78    49     51
    Musician                            461       289        172       300        161         63        37    65     35
    Artist                              243       170         73       140        103         70        30    58     42
    Graphic designer                    606       127        479       421        185         21        79    69     31
    Author, writer                      286       181        105       152        134         63        37    53     47
    Journalist, editor                  714       175        539       441        273         25        75    62     38
    Publicist, PR worker                374        35        339       134        240          9        91    36     64
    Photographer, AV operator           464       210        254       387         77         45        55    83     17
    Architect                           541       150        391       420        121         28        72    78     22
    Product, clothing designer          335       140        195       147        188         42        58    44     56
    All                               5,318     2,021      3,297     3,232      2,086         38        62    61     39

    Librarian                            288         6      282        85         203           2      98      30    70
    Curator, conservator, archivist       81         7       74        40          41           9      91      50    50

Source: Census 2001 (10% sample).

Table 14.14 Persons (aged 16-74) with cultural occupations, Greater Glasgow, Edinburgh and
Scotland, 2001

                                                                               % of Scot
                                                     Persons
                                                                               land total
                                              Gtr                 Scot          Gtr
                                                          ED                          ED
                                            GLA                   land         GLA
    Actors, dancer, producer, b‟caster     2,044        842      4,903           42 17
    Musician                                 736        351      1,925           38 18
    Artists, graphic designer              1,904      1,126      6,490           29 17
    Author, journalist, [publicist]        2,662      1,966      8,620           31 23
    Photographer, AV operative             1,041        500      3,061           34 16
    Architect                              1,196        900      3,875           31 23
    Product/clothing designer                786        410      2,659           30 15
    All                                   10,369      6,095     31,533           33 19

    Librarian                                  645        338      2,051        31      16
    Curator, conservator, archivist            153        314        872        18      36

Source: Census 2001 (10% sample).
                                                                           a
Table 14.15 Persons (aged 16-74) with cultural occupations , Glasgow City, by industry, 2001

                                       Actr,     Artst,    Jrnlst,   Bdcst,                     Dsign
                                                                                     Arch                   Librn,
                                      musn,     writer,     editr,   photo                     graph,                     All
                                                                                     -itect                 curatr
                                       dncr      dirctr       PR       A-V                       prod
    Agriculture, fishing                   -        1          -          -              3             -       1         5
    Manufg, util, const, mining           25      113        380         55             26           247       8       854
    Retail, wh‟sale, motors               15       18         22         16              -            59       4       134
    Hotel, rest‟nt, trans, finance        42       34         34         62              1            19       2       194
    Busnss svcs, real estate              43      171        185        181            484           460      23     1,547
    Public administration                  6       27         93         17             14            21      24       202
    Education                             61       55         40         44              3            28     137       268
    Health                                24       62         64         26              3             7      22       208
    Cultural services & others           652      337        234        697              7            90     148     2,165
    Total                                868      818      1,052      1,098            541           941     369     5,687

Source: Census 2001 (10% sample).
a
    Including librarians and curators.


                                                                                                                          103
                                                                                       RESOURCES



Table 14.16 Correspondence between standard occupational classifications (SOCs) used in 1991
and in 2001 Censuses

    SOC                     SOC
    1990                   2000
     No.    No.             Occupations
    384    3411   Actor, entertainer
           3414   Dancer, choreographer
           3416   Producer, director, arts officer
           3432   Broadcasting professional
    385    3415   Musician
    381    3415   Artist
           3421   Graphic designer
    380    3412   Author, writer
           3431   Journalist, newspaper editor
           3433   Publicist, PR worker
    386    3444   Photographer, AV operator
    260    2431   Architect
    270    2451   Librarian
    271    2452   Curator, conservator, archivist

Source: ONS (Office of Population, Censuses and Surveys, General Registrar Office for Scotland), SOC
2000, Volume 2.

Table 14.17 National Lottery, Glasgow, Outer Glasgow and Scotland, value and number of
awards, by purpose, 1995-2009

                       Value of award                          No of    No of
                                                 % of Scot
                  GLA      OGL       Scot                      GLA      OGL
                          £million              GLA    OGL    awards   awards
    Arts           87.6    12.20     286.1      30.6    3.2    2,411    1,175
    Heritage       94.1    36.90     506.4      18.6    7.3      194      590
    Sport          27.5    19.90     145.8      18.9   13.6      228    1,114
    Charity        57.4    48.50     330.7      17.4   14.7    1,117    2,576
    Hlth/Ed/Env    92.4    87.30     522.0      17.7   16.7      679    2,372
    Millennium    111.0     1.20      247.0     44.9    0.5       19       44
                                 a
    Total         470.0 206.09     2,038.0      23.1   10.1    4,648    7,871

Source: National Lottery.
a
    Of which, £51.1 million North Lanarkshire and £66.8 million South Lanarkshire.




                                                                                               104
                                                                                              RESOURCES



Table 14.18 Glasgow institutions in performance, visual arts and design, and museums receiving
major (£700k+) National Lottery awards, 1995-2009

                                        Award
                              £k             a   Purpose
                                        Date
    PERFORMANCE
    Tron Theatre            4,378   1995         Extension & improvement
    Arches Theatre          3,470   1995         Renovation and refurbishment
    Univ of Glasgow           900   1995         Conversion Gilmorehill Halls into theatre/cinema
    Citizens Theatre          885   1995         Rehearsal space and disabled access
    Glasgow Film Theatre      710   1995         Upgrade and new cinematic equipment
    RSAMD                   2,500   1995         National Opera School facilities
    Scottish Opera          2,111   1995         New workshop & rehearsal studios
    Scottish Opera          1,552   1995         Theatre Royal renovation
    Glasgow CC              2,200   2002         Newbuild cultural campus in Easterhouse (Platform)
    WASPS                   1,733   2004         Briggait redevelopment as arts complex
    Scottish Ballet         3,825   2007         New offices & rehearsal facilities at Tramway
    VISUAL ARTS, CENTRES AND DESIGN
    Centre for Contemp. Art 7,492   1995         Refurbishment to extend perf/exhib areas
    Tramway                 2,300   1995         Redevelopment to allow greater access & new activity
    The Lighthouse          5,600 1995+          New centre for arch/design in CRM bldg
    WASPS                   1,585   1999         Facilities for artists in Alexandra Parade
    Glasgow CC              1,500   2006         Conversion to Trongate 103
    MUSEUMS
    Queen‟s Park FC         24,200 1996          Hampden Park refurbishment & Museum of Football
    University of Glasgow    2,443 1997          Kelvin Gallery in Hunterian Museum
    Glasgow Science Centre 37,304 1997           New centre for exploration of science
    Glasgow CC              13,171 2000          Kelvingrove Art Gallery & Museum refurbishment
    Glasgow CC               1,875 2002          Acquisition CRM furniture
    Scottish Screen            696 2004          Archive access
    Glasgow CC              18,140 2005          Riverside Museum
    Glasgow School of Art    4,619 2005          Mackintosh conservation & access

Source: National Lottery.
a
    Date of first award.

Table 14.19 Historic buildings, vehicles, gardens and urban areas receiving major (£700k+)
National Lottery awards, 1995-2009

                                        Award
                                   £k                             Purpose
                                         date
    HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND URBAN ENVIRONMENT
    Pollokshields Burgh Hall        804 1995  Improved facilities
    Glasgow Building Pres Trust   1,467 1996  Restoration St Andrew‟s
    Glasgow Archdiocese             712 1996  Refurbishment St Aloysius
    GLA Development Agency        1,625 1998  Merchant City Townscape Heritage Initiative 1
    East End Partnership            743 1998  Ladywell School work space
    Motherwell Diocese            1,602 1999  St Benedict‟s repair
    Four Acres                    1,979 2002  Cottier project
    Glasgow CC                    1,455 2005  Parkhead Cross Townscape Heritage Initiative
    GLA Development Agency          845 2004  Merchant City Townscape Heritage Initiative 2
    GLA Development Agency          964 2007  Govan Cross Townscape Heritage Initiative
    Maryhill Burgh Halls Trust      990 2008  Restoration
    VEHICLES
    Clyde Maritime Trust          1,256 1996  Glenlee refurbishment (Clyde-built clipper)
    Waverley Steam Navigation     6,447 1997+ Refurbishment Waverley paddle Steamer
    British Waterways (Scotland) 33,815 1977  Reopen Forth & Clyde and Union Canals
    GARDENS, OPEN SPACES
    Glasgow CC                    2,054 1996  Tolcross Park
    Glasgow CC                    8,821 1997  Glasgow Green
    Glasgow CC                    3,491 2003  Kibble Palace restoration, Botanic Gardens

Source: National Lottery.



                                                                                                      105
                                                                                    RESOURCES



LISTS OF ORGANISATIONS WITHIN CULTURAL SECTOR


PROFESSIONAL ORGANISATIONS

GLASGOW CITY

Performance

Drama

Producing theatres:
   Citizens
   Tron
   Arches

Producing companies:
National:
    National Theatre of Scotland (NPC)

Independent companies
  Regularly funded

                     a
     Visible Fictions (young people)

                      a
     Vanishing Point

            a
     Ankur

                      a
     Mischief La-Bas

                        a
     Birds of Paradise (special needs)
                     b
    Project supported :
         Creative Therapies
         Fire Exit
         Fish and Game
         Glas(s) Performance
         Nick Underwood
         Reeling and Writhing
         Solar Bear
         Sweetscar
         Random Accomplice
         Tricky Hat
         [VAMP]
         Vox Motus

Festival
      Glasgow International Comedy (unfunded)

Training:
  
                              a
       Scottish Youth Theatre
      Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama
              c
Small grants :
 
                d
    companies (8 )
 
             e
    youth (3 )
   Glasgow repertory (1)
a
    SAC FO or FX and/or CSG “core” 2009/10.
b
    with £10k + grants from SAC and/or CSG 2008/09.
c
    with grants less than £10k 2008/09
d
    4 Word, Collusion Theatre, Hearts & Minds, Licketyspit, Nazrul-Burns Centre, Theatre Ansaan,
    Theatre Modo.
e
    Glasgow Schools Youth Theatre, Linkes (Knightswood Youth Theatre), Toonspeak Youth Theatre.

Note: recent closures include Theatre Babel, Suspect Culture, 9.84.




                                                                                           106
                                                 RESOURCES



Dance

Producing companies:
 National:
     Scottish Ballet (NPC)

                         a
Independent companies
                   :
  Regularly funded
   
                           a
       Stammer Productions
   
                                     a
       Indepen-dance (special needs)
      Company Chordelia
                    b
    Project supported :
         Visual Statement
         Gilmore Productions
         Workroom
         Water Baby
         Spinal Chord

Festival:
 
               a
     New Moves

Agencies:
 
                a
    Dance House

Training:
 
                                   a
     Scottish Youth Dance (YDance)
    Dance School of Scotland
    Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama
a
    SAC, FO or FX 2009/10 and/or CSG “core”.
b
    £10k+ grants 2008/09.




                                                      107
                                                                                            RESOURCES



Music

Performing companies:
 National:
      Scottish Opera (NPC)
  
                                        a
       Royal Scottish National Orchestra (NPC)
      BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
  
                                                                                     a
       Scottish Chamber Orchestra (NPC) [Edinburgh based; regular season in Glasgow]

Independent companies:
  Regularly funded:
   
                         a
       Scottish Ensemble
   
                       a
       Theatre Cryptic
   
                           a
       Sounds of Progress (special needs)

    Project supported:
     
                  a
          Paragon
         Cappella Nova
         Glasgow Improvisers

Festivals:
 
                         a
     Celtic Connections
 
                                 a
     Glasgow International Jazz
    Scottish International Piano Competition [biennial]
    National Association of Youth Orchestras [closed]
    Northern Rock [closed]

Agencies:
 
                               a
    Scottish Music Information
   Scottish Piping Centre

Training:
    National Youth Orchestra of Scotland
    National Youth Choir of Scotland
    National Youth Pipe Band
    Glasgow Fiddle Workshop
    Glasgow Music Service
    Youth Music Initiative
    Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama

Promoters:
   Wellbourne Music
   Pollok House
   University of Glasgow
 
                       a
    Children‟s Classic

Small grants:
   world music groups (9)
   voluntary/competition (6)
   recording companies (2)
   popular music promoters (3)
a
    SAC FO or FX and/or CSG „core‟ 2009/10.

Note: recent closures include National Association of Youth Orchestras, Northern Rock.

Note: see Table 2.14 for lists of occasional venues and Table 2.15 for popular music inventory.




                                                                                                  108
                                                                                           RESOURCES



Performance venues

Theatres                      Capacity    Note

Receiving theatres
Theatre Royal                    1,541    Scottish Opera & Scottish Ballet base
                                          National touring house
King‟s Theatre                  1,785     Receiving house
Pavilion                        1,449     Receiving variety theatre

Producing theatres
Clyde Auditorium (1999)         2,970
Citizens‟ Theatre                 450     Main theatre
                                  100     Circle Studio
                                   50     Stalls Studio
Tron Theatre                      230     Producing theatre
The Arches                        104     Multi-arts venue & producing theatre
                                          Other perf spaces Theatre Arch (84 end-on, 164 in round),
                                          concert/cabaret/club spaces from 60 to 1,800
Halls, arenas

Royal Concert Hall               2,417    Concert Hall
                                   500    Strathclyde Suite
City Hall                        1,066    C‟cert Hall, BBC SO base and music ed c‟tre
Fruitmarket                      1,400    Standing/club
              a
Hall 4 (SECC)                  [10,000]
Lomond (SECC)                      624
Barrowland                       1,900
King Tut‟s Wah Wah Hut             300
O2 Academy (2003)               2,500
O2 ABC (2005)                   1,250     ABC1
                                  350     ABC2

Small receiving venues

Mitchell                          418     Within library; speech, conference, exhibition
Òran Mór                          400     Performance
                                   40     Gallery

[Stand Comedy Club                200]

Multi-arts centres

See „centres and others‟ below

Education

James Arnott Theatre              220     Gilmorehill G12; Glasgow Univ Film & TV dept; multi-use
Crawfurd                          350     Strathclyde University Film, TV, Theatre Department
Ramshorn                           70     Strathclyde University
a
    Total capacity Halls 1-5 21,875.

Note: closures and change of use include Glasgow Arts Centre, Strathclyde Arts Centre, Maryhill Arts
Centre, Concert Hall Broadcasting House, Old Athenaeum, Adelaide‟s, Cottier Theatre, Pearce Institute.




                                                                                                      109
                                                                                    RESOURCES



Visual arts

    Institutions for contemporary practice:
      Street Level
                      a

      Glasgow Sculpture Studio
                                   a

      Transmission
                        a

      Glasgow Print Studio
                              a

      NVA (environmental art)
                                 a



    Studios:
     WASPS (three sites)
                          a

     Southside Studios
     Glasgow Independent Studios and Project Rooms

    Special needs:
     Project Ability
                      a

     Giant (children)
     Art in Hospitals

    Events:
     Glasgow International
                            a

     Glasgow Art Fair

    Artist groups/collectives:
     Finn Collective
     Lowsalt
     The Market Gallery
     SWG3
     Washington Garcia

    Galleries
     Collins Gallery
     The Common Guild
                       a



         Compass
         Mary Mary
         The Modern Institute
         Sorcha Dallas

        Commissions/exhibitions/residencies/project funds:
         Other small grants (9)
         Independent artists: grants given by SAC to
          56 individuals; cf CSG/SAC joint project

    Sector promotion:
     Lighthouse (architecture & design)
     Cultural Enterprise Office
     Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society
     Projects include Ganghut, Q Gallery
a
    SAC FO or FX and/or CSG „core‟ 2009/10.

Notes:

Trongate 103 (opened in 2009) houses Glasgow Print Studio, Glasgow Independent Studios,
Transmission Gallery, Project Ability, Glasgow Media Access Centre, Sharmanka Kinetic Theatre,
Russian Cultural Centre and Street Level Photoworks.

Exhibitions of contemporary work and artists also mounted by the Gallery of Modern Art, Tramway,
CCA, Glasgow School of Art, Hunterian Art Gallery.

Community based work in the visual arts takes place at Drumchapel Artworks, Cranhill Arts
(photography), Gorbals Art Project and Creative International.




                                                                                           110
                                                                                                  RESOURCES



Centres and other domains

Multi-arts
             a
    Tramway                        600 (T1)   Multi-purpose (occasional perf use of “gallery" at 1,500); 80;
                                              Scottish Ballet rehearsal and workshop)
                                   100 (T4)
    Platform                          220
                           a
    Ctre for Contemp. Arts         150 (C4)
                                    74 (C5)
    Royal Scottish                    355     Academy Concert Hall
     Academy of                       344     New Athenaeum Theatre
     Music & Drama                    150     Guinness Room
                                      150     Alexander Gibson Opera Studio
                                      125     Chandler Studio
                               a
    Sc Mask & Puppet Ctre               85
a
     SAC FO or FX and/or CSG „core‟ 2009/10.

Literature

    Sector bodies
     Association of Scottish Literary Studies
                                               a

     Gaelic Books Council
                            a



    
                                       a
        Playwrights Studio Scotland

    Small grants
     Promotion (6)
                     b

     Individuals (4)
     Playwrights (11)
     Publishers (4)
     Exchange/residencies (2)

    Events
      Aye Write!


    Audio-visual

    Institutions
      Glasgow Film Theatre
                            a

    Access
      Glasgow Media Access
                              a

      Camcorder Guerrillas
    Creatives
      BBC Scotland
      STV Group
      Glasgow Film Office
      Film City
a
     SAC FO or FX and/or CSG „core‟ 2009/10.
b
     Mirrorball, Confab, Lapidus, Variant, Storytelling (2).




                                                                                                           111
                                                                                         RESOURCES



Festivals
                                                            2009
    Performance                                      Days      Month

    Drama
       Glasgow International Comedy (2003)           18       March

    Dance
     New Moves                                       27      Feb-Mar

    Music
     Celtic Connections
                          a
                                                      18       Jan
     Glasgow International Jazz                      12       Jun
     Scottish International Piano Competition        12       Sept      (triennial – next 2010)
     [National Association of Youth Orchestras       18     Aug-Sept]   (closed)

       [Northern Rock cf New Rhythms for Glasgow]
       [Arika                                        5        Mar]
       [Triptych                                     5        Apr]

       Piping Live (2004)                            7        Aug
       World Pipe Band Championship                  1        Aug

    Visual Arts

       Glasgow International (2006)                  30      Apr-May
       Glasgow Art Fair                              4         Apr

    Literature

       Aye Write! (2006)                             8        Mar

    Audio-visual

       Glasgow Film Festival (2005)                  10       Feb
       Human Rights Film Festival                    5        Oct

    Heritage

       Doors Open                                    2        Sept
       Festival of Light
       Historic Glasgow                              1        Sept

    Multi-art-form

    
                   a
        Glasgay!                                      45     Sept-Nov
    
                   a
        West End                                      16       Jan
       Merchant City                                 4        Sept
       Glasgow Mela                                  1        Jun
       [Southside Festival (2008)                    2        May]
       Inspiration Festival (primary) (1998)         12     Oct-Nov
a
    SAC FO and FX and/or CSG „core‟ 2009/10.




                                                                                                   112
                                                      RESOURCES



Events
                                     Days    Month
    Glasgow River Festival           2       Jul
    Glasgow Show                     1       Jul
    BBC Proms in the Park            1      Sept
    Fireworks                        1       Nov
    Winterfest                       72    Nov-Jan
    Hogmanay                         1       Dec

Other

    Whisky Live (2006, 2007)
    Gourmet Glasgow (2006)
    BBC Good Food Show (2007)
    Carne Exhibition (2006, 2007)
    Tour of Britain (2006, 2007)
    Sudirman Cup (2007)
    UEFA Cup Final (2007)
    Scottish Golf Show (2008)




                                                           113
                                                                                     RESOURCES



Museums

Glasgow City Council (CSG operated):

 Burrell Collection (A)
 Gallery of Modern Art (A)
 Kelvingrove Art Gallery & Museum (A)
 Martyr‟s School [check registration] [closed]
 McLellan Galleries (closed)
 Museum of Transport (A)
 People‟s Palace & Winter Gardens (A)
 Pollok House (owned by GCC, operated by NTS) (R)
 Provand‟s Lordship(A)
 St Mungo Museum of Religious Life & Art (A)
 Scotland Street School Museum (A)
 Glasgow Museums Resource Centre

 Fossil Grove (site of special scientific interest) within Victoria Park

Other accredited registered museums:

 Glasgow School of Art (A)
 Heatherbank Museum of Social Work (Glasgow Caledonian University) (R)
 Hunterian Art Gallery (University of Glasgow) (A)
 Hunterian Museum (University of Glasgow) (A)
 Royal Highland Fusiliers Regimental Museum (A)
 Scottish Football Museum (Hampden Park) (A)
 Tall Ship at Glasgow Harbour (Clyde Maritime Trust)

Unregistered museums (members of Museums & Galleries Scotland):

 [Bridgeton Bus Garage (social regeneration project)]
 Glasgow Police Museum
 Museum of Piping (partnership between National Piping Centre and National Museums Scotland)

Source: MLA, Museums & Galleries Scotland, Museums Association Yearbook.

 Note:
     also in membership of M&GS: Glasgow Print Studio, Scottish/Jewish Archive Centre, Royal
      College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow Women‟s Library (& Archive);
     also listed in Museums Yearbook 2009: Collins Gallery, Glasgow Botanic Gardens, Glasgow
      Science Centre, University of Glasgow Archive, The Lighthouse, Tenement House (NTS).




                                                                                                114
                                                                                           RESOURCES



                      a
Historic properties

    Holmwood House (NTS)
    House for an Art Lover
    Hutcheson Hall (NTS) (closed)
                   b
    The Lighthouse
                                                                        b
    Mackintosh House (a registered museum within Hunterian Art Gallery)
                                  b
    Queen‟s Cross Church (CRMS)
    Tenement House (NTS)
    Trades Hall

    Glasgow School of Art (also under registered museum and a working art school funded by SHEFC)
                                                    b
    Scotland Street School (also registered museum)
                                                      b
    Martyr‟s School (also registered museum) (closed)
    Pollok House (also registered museum)
    Provands Lordship (also registered museum)

    Glasgow Cathedral
                                               c
Historic gardens and designed landscapes

    Glasgow Botanic Gardens (GCC)
    Kelvingrove Park
    Glasgow Necropolis
    Pollok Park
    Victoria Park

Source: Historic Scotland.

Heritage support agencies

Development & Regeneration Services of Glasgow City Council
Glasgow Building Preservation Trust
Glasgow City Heritage Trust
Civic Trust for Scotland
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society

Heritage operators

National Trust Scotland (Edinburgh Office)
Historic Scotland (South West area) (Edinburgh Office)

Heritage events

Doors Open Day (Civic Trust)
Festival of Light (2006, 2008)
a
    Mackintosh‟s Hill House, Helensburgh, is in Argyll & Bute, outwith Greater Glasgow.
b
    Mackintosh property.
c
    Glasgow has five entries, Outer Glasgow 14, Ayrshire and Argyll& Bute 48, Scotland as a whole
    e. 386.




                                                                                                    115
                                                     RESOURCES



Support organisations

Domain specialist
Dance House
Scottish Music Information Centre
Scottish Piping Centre
Association of Scottish Literary Studies
Gaelic Books Council
Playwrights Scotland
Glasgow Building Preservation Trust
Glasgow City Heritage Trust
Civic Trust of Scotland
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society

Arts support
CSG, including arts development and events unit
Glasgow Grows Audiences
Creative Scotland (Glasgow office general)

International
Goethe Institute
Alliance Française

Creatives
Creative Scotland (screen/digital office; Glasgow)
Glasgow Film Office
Film City (not funded)
Cultural Enterprise Office




                                                          116
                                                                                    RESOURCES



HERITAGE


OUTER GLASGOW

Museums

    Registered/accredited                                         Governing body
    West Dunbartonshire:
     Clydebank Museum, Clydebank (A)                              LA
     Denny Ship Model Test Tank Museum, Dumbarton (A)             Scottish Maritime Museum
    East Dunbartonshire:
     Auld Kirk Museum, Kirkintilloch (A)                          LA
     Lillie Art Gallery, Milngavie (A)                            LA
    North Lanarkshire:
     Summerlee Heritage Park, Coatbridge (A)                      LA
     Cumbernauld Museum, Cumbernauld (A)                          LA
     Colzium Museum, Kilsyth (A)                                  LA
     Kilsyth Heritage Museum, Kilsyth (A)                         LA
     Motherwell Heritage Centre, Motherwell (A)                   LA
    South Lanarkshire:
                                    a
     Gladstone Court, Biggar (R)                                  Biggar Museum Trust
                                    a
     Greenhill House, Biggar (R)                                            “
                                           a
     Moat Park Heritage Centre, Biggar (R)                                  “
     Crawfordjohn Heritage Venture, Crawfordjohn (R)              Trust
                                             a
     Douglas Heritage Museum, Douglas (R)                         Trust
     National Museum of Rural Life, East Kilbride                 National Museum of Scotland
     Hunter House Museum, East Kilbride (A)                       Museum of S Lanarkshire
     John Hastie Museum, Strathaven (A)                                       “
     Low Parks Museum (inc Cameronian Reg‟tl Mus), Hamilton (A)               “
                                    a
     Lanark Museum, Lanark (R)                                    Trust
    Renfrewshire:
     Clydebuilt Museum, Braehead (A)                              Scottish Maritime Museum
     Renfrew Community Museum, Renfrew (A)                        LA
    East Renfrewshire:
     Paisley Museum & Art Gallery (inc Coats Observatory) (A)     LA

    Unregistered museums (members of M&GS):
     West Dunbartonshire:
      ..
     East Dunbartonshire:
      ..
     North Lanarkshire:
      Lenzie Mill Archive Centre, Cumbernauld                      ..
     South Lanarkshire:
                                 a
      Gasworks Museum, Biggar                                      Biggar Museum Trust
                                    a
      John Buchan Museum, Biggar                                              “
      New Lanark Visitor Centre, New Lanark                        Savray Miller Museum Trust
      David Livingston Centre, Blantyre                            NTS
     Renfrewshire:
      Weaver‟s Cottage, Kilbarchan                                 NTS
      Dolly Mixture, Langbank                                      n/a
      Lochwinnoch Community Museum, Lochwinnoch                    Trust
     East Renfrewshire:
      Paisley Thread Mill Museum
a
    Added to Outer Glasgow through boundary change in 1997.

Historic properties

    West Dunbartonshire
     Geilston Gardens, Dumbarton (NTS)
    East Dunbartonshire
     -
    North Lanarkshire
     Weaver‟s Cottage, Airdrie (LA)



                                                                                             117
                                                                      RESOURCES



 South Lanarkshire
  Bothwell Castle (Historic Scotland)
  Hamilton Mausoleum (LA)
  Chatelherault Hunting Lodge, Hamilton
 East Renfrewshire
  Paisley Abbey
 Renfrewshire
  Weaver‟s Cottage, Kilbrachan (NTS)

Historic gardens and designed landscapes:

 West Dunbartonshire:
  Balloch Castle
  Overtoun House
  Ross Priory
 East Dunbartonshire:
  -
 North Lanarkshire:
  Allanton
 South Lanarkshire:
  Chatelherault
  Dalzell House
  Hamilton Palace
  Lee Castle
  Scot‟s Mining company House
  Falls of Clyde (with Core House, Bonnington Estate and Braxfield)
 East Renfrewshire:
   Greenbank (NTS)
 Renfrewshire:
  Formakin
  Rouken Glen Park




                                                                           118
                                                                                       RESOURCES



VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS


GREATER GLASGOW

Note: excludes activities of national youth training organisations, the work of Glasgow Educational
Services, RSAMD and school groups; these are variously covered elsewhere in the digest.

Amdram and operatics

West
Drumchapel Parish Church
Glasgow Light Opera
Glasgow Operating Theatre
LyricPantheon
Runway
Strathclyde Theatre Group
Theatre Guild

North
Minerva

South West
Giffnock
Mosspark

South East
Apollo Players
Carmunnock Community
Citizens Comm. Co.
Orpheus

East
Platform Adult

Outer Glasgow
Antonine Theatre
Apex Players
Clydebank Musical
Dalziell
Eaglesham Music & Drama
East Kilbride Operatic
East Kilbride Rep
East Kilbride G&S
Eastwood Entertainer
Elderslie Players
Gilbert & Sullivan Plus
Hamilton Operatic & Drama
Kirkintilloch Players
Kilmardinny Players
Lanarkshire Little Theatre
Mopac
Motherwell & Wishaw Operative
New Victory
Paisley M and Operatic
Ruthglen Rep.
St Paul‟s Church
Starlight
Theatre South


Black and ethnic minority arts organisations

West
Central Gurdwara Singh Sabha
Glasgow Chinese School
Glasgow Punjabi Sahit Sabha


                                                                                              119
                                                  RESOURCES



Guru Tegh Bahadur Gurdwara
Hindhu Mandir & Cultural Sabha
Mel-Milaap Centre
San Jai Chinese Project

North
Kurdish Cultural Association
Pan-African Arts

South West
Guru Granth Sahib Sikh Sabha
Guru Ravidas Samaj Sudhar Sabha
Pakistani Women‟s Welfare Association

South East
Muslim Council of Scotland
Scottish Academy of Asian Arts

East
-

Glasgow (no location)
Glasgow Oriental Dancing Association
Glasgow Hong Lok Dragon and Lion Dancing Troupe
Hellenic Youth Group

Outer Glasgow
The Bangya Sanskritik Parishad
Centre for Bengali Culture
Gujarati Association of Scotland


Youth theatre

West
Arches
Drumchapel
Ico Ico
Knightswood
RSAMD
RU International
Scottish Opera
Tron

North
Maryhill
Minerva
Northern Rock
Ruchill
Toonspeak

South West
Blast (BBC)
Plantation Prod (Film)

South East
Castlemilk
Glasgow Schools Youth Theatre
Kids@Citzs
Teens@Citzs

East
Impact
Platform Drama

Outer Glasgow
n/a


                                                       120
                                                             RESOURCES



Choirs (excludes small vocal ensembles), by rehearsal base

West
City of Glasgow Chorus
Glasgow Cathedral Choral Society
Glasgow Chamber Choir
Glasgow Lyric Choir
Glasgow Philharmonic Choir
Glasgow Youth Choir
Glasgow University Choral Society
Gaelic Music Society
Kedron Singers
Merchant Voices
RSNO Chorus
RSNO Junior Chorus
Strathclyde University Music Society

North
Westerton Male Voice

South West
Glasgow Jewish
Glasgow Phoenix Choir
Govan Gaelic

South East
Glasgow Male Voice Choir

East
-

Outer Glasgow
Barrhead Philharmonic
Bearsden Choir
Clydebank Male Voice
Cumbernauld Choir
Eastwood Choral Society
Gleniffer Singers
Kelvin Choir
Kilbarchan Singers
Kirkintilloch Ladies
Kirkintilloch Male Voice
Milngavie
Paisley Choir
Russian Choir Eastwood
Stonechase Choir
Stratheven Choir
Thomas Coats Memorial
Williamwood Parish Church


Amateur orchestras

West
Glasgow Chamber Orchestra
Glasgow Orchestral Society
Glasgow Senior Citizens
Glasgow Sinfonia
Glasgow Symphony Orchestra
Kelvin Ensemble

North
-

South West
-



                                                                  121
                                                    RESOURCES



South East
-

East
-

Outer Glasgow
Blantyre Orchestra
Paisley Orchestra
St James‟s Paisley (City of Glasgow Philharmonic)


Music clubs

West
Glasgow University
Westbourne

North
-
South West
Pollok

South East
-
East
-
Outer Glasgow
[Helensburgh]
Kilmardinny
Milngavie
Motherwell


Brass/silver(/wind/fiddle/flute) bands

West
Caledonian Fiddle
Glasgow Wind
YMCA Wind

North
-
South West
Glasgow Flute
Govan Citadel

South East
CWS
Kings Park

East
-

Outer
Barrhead
Bearsden Fiddle
Campbeltown
Carluke Primrose Flute
Coalburn
Clydebank Burgh
Dikehead Flute
Eastfield/Harthill Flute
Greenwood Academy
Gryffe Valley
Irvine & Dreghon
Johnstone
Kirkintilloch


                                                         122
                                   RESOURCES



Kirkintilloch Kelvin
Larkhill Flute
Monklands
Renfrew Burgh
Rutherglen Citadel
St Patrick‟s Parish


Piping

West
Knightswood
Strathclyde Police

North
-

South West
Kinning Park

South East
St Francis

East
-

Outer Glasgow
128 Boys Brigade
Biggar Royal British Legion
Dumbarton & District
East Kilbride
First Houston
Johnstone
Kylsyth Thistle
Milngavie
South Lanarkshire
Stamperland
Strathclyde Fire Brigade
Uddington Strathclyde
Williamwood


Dance

West
Academia de Salsa
Ashanti
[Blaze]
Carrie McElhinney
Christine Hinshelwood
Dance with Attitude
Dancehouse
Elizabeth Henderson
Glasgow University Country Dance
Kelvinhall Tea
Natalie Gallagher
Linda Lowrie
Lindella
Lynne Millar
Pippa Gardener
Ready To
St Andrew‟s Ceilidh
St Peter‟s Dance
Strictly Salsa
Urban E-Motion




                                        123
                                 RESOURCES



North
Belly Dancing
Dancehouse
Hemingway Highland
High Klass
Milton
Morrison Troupe Assembly
St Matthew‟s
Springburn Line
Wellington Country Dance

South West
Angela Mills
Carol Curran
Dance UK
Eden
Freestyle
Helen Clark
High Klass
Ibrox
Invercraigh

South East
Castlemilk
CAZM
Cazmic
Cowan
Dance Factory
Karen Watson
Lesley Miller
Lillian McNeil
Razzamataz
Scottish Ballet
Scottish Youth
Scottish Academy of Asian Art
T&T

East
Dance Factory
Garrowhill
Kinning Belly
Pageot
Samantha Brisbane
Scottish Academy of Asian Art
Springfield Rock
Vicki Ventisi

Outer
Alexis Scott
Ballroom Basics
Bishopriggs Country
Central Scotland
Ceroc Scotland
Dance UK
Dance Foundation
Danceline
Dazzle
Donna Broadfoot
Glenburn Country
Fiona Alexander
Footloose
Kultyer Dance
Laura McIntyre
Linzi Doherty
Performers
Rock in Rhythm
Royal Scottish Country Dancing


                                      124
                                                                                          RESOURCES



Sandra Harrington
Starlight
The Stand
Twenty Social Jive
Western Scottish Country


Heritage and history

See Table 10.5


Art clubs

West
Dennistoun
Knightswood

North
St Teresa

South West
Kinning Park
Mosspark Church
Pollok
St Margaret
Whitefield Road

South East
Castlemilk
Cathcart Trinity
Kings Park Church

East
-

Outer Glasgow
n/a

Sources: NODA, Amdram, CSG and local informants, National Association of Youth Theatre, Making
(Enterprise) Music Scotland, Scottish Brass Band Association (Scotland total 67: youth bands 39;
seemingly, nil in Glasgow), Scottish Pipe Bands (Scotland total 41); various Web listings and local
informants.




                                                                                                  125

				
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