Science Fair Project Guide
Westridge Middle School
Student Name: ___________________
2010 science fair packet
October 13, 2011
Your child will have the chance to solve his or her own science mystery by doing a science project
which is a mandatory assignment for advanced science students.
Since your child has the chance to pick his or her own science project question, he or she will have
the chance to experience the joy of discovery.
When starting a science project, a student chooses a question he or she would like to answer or
identify a problem that they want to find a solution to. Then he or she does targeted research to gain
the background information needed to construct a hypothesis and an experiment to test the question
posed. After writing a brief synopsis about the project and the information collected, the student
performs the experiment, draws conclusions, and communicates the results to me and his or her
classmates. There is even a possibility for students to enter their projects into some of the local
competitions within the area.
Through time management and project planning, your child will take on the responsibility of
completing a project over at least a ten-week period. Your child will discover his or her creativity
by brainstorming science project questions and figuring out how to display the process and results.
A science project, through its challenge to ask questions and discover, is truly a real-world
experience in innovation, similar to what scientists do in their careers.
I will provide your child with sufficient support to succeed, so that he or she develops enthusiasm
for scientific inquiry and discovery. First, your child will accomplish each step of the project by
doing homework assignments. We will review the assignments as key checkpoints along the way,
so that you won’t face helping your child do a project the last night before the presentation or
science fair. Second, I have setup a basic guide of how to help without getting over-involved.
You will have the opportunity to approve the project your student selects by signing a Science Fair
If you have any questions, please email me at email@example.com or give me a call at 913-
Student Science Tentative Project Schedule
Assignment To do or Read Hand In Due Date
Ask a question. You will research
Part 1: Find a project and get ideas for
Idea Day-October There are no handouts Nothing is due
Issue Proposal form
Issue Science Fair
Part 2: Do project Complete Project Proposal Completed Proposal October 17, 2011
proposal form with both (Mon)
student and parent
Do Background Research information and
Research. find out facts about your There are no handouts Nothing is due
Part 1: Collect topic of interest.
Part 2: Identify Read the section in your You will hand in a October 31, 2011
Problem Statement packets about the statement rough draft of your (Mon)
of problem. statement of problem
Part 3: Review of Read the section in your You will hand in a
Literature(ROL) and packet that outlines how to rough draft of your November 4, 2011
Bibliography(BIBL) write the ROL & BIBL for Review of literature (Fri)
your project. We will have and Bibliography.
two days of class time to
review the information
associated with this step in
your project. October
25th- 26th will be our
Construct a Read the section in your You will hand in a November 14, 2011
hypothesis. packets about writing a rough draft of (Mon)
Part 1: Identify your hypothesis. Make sure that hypothesis.
hypothesis your hypothesis is a
question or statement that
can be tested.
Background You will be given back Correct and final draft October 27, 2011
Research Part 2: your graded statement of of Statement of (Thurs)
problem rough draft to Problem
make corrections to
Research You will be given back Correct and final draft November 18, 2011
Part 4: Review of your graded ROL & BIBL of your Review of (Fri)
Literature and rough draft to make Literature and
bibliography with corrections to. Bibliography
Construct a You will be given back Correct and final draft November 21, 2011
hypothesis. your graded hypothesis of your hypothesis (Mon)
Part 1: Identify your rough draft to make
Test your Read the section in your You will turn in a
hypothesis by doing packets about Procedure of rough draft of the November 28, 2011
an experiment. Investigation and Materials. materials list and (Mon)
Part 2: Design an Write a list of materials procedure
experimental needed to conduct the
procedure. experiment AND a
Part 3: Do an You will be given back Correct and final December 9, 2011
experiment your graded materials list procedure of (Fri)
and procedure for investigation and
corrections AND you will materials
make adjustments as
necessary while conducting
Collect and Analyze Read the section in your You will turn in a December 12, 2011
Data Part 1: Data packets about data tables rough draft of the data (Mon)
Table and Graph and graphs. Create an table and graph
appropriate data table and
graph for your experiment
Collect and Analyze Read the section in your You will turn in a January 6, 2012
Data Part 2: packets about writing rough draft of the (Fri)
Communicate your results. results
Collect and You will be given back Correct and final data January 6, 2012
Analyze Data Part your graded data table and table and graph (Fri)
1: Data Table and graph for corrections
Collect and Analyze You will be given back Correct and final January 6, 2012
Data Part 2: your graded results for results (Fri)
Communicate your corrections
Analyze and Read the section in your You will turn in an January 11, 2012
Draw conclusions packets about writing rough draft of the (Wed)
Abstract and Future Read the section in your You will turning a January 17, 2012
Study packets on writing an rough draft of the (Fri)
abstract and future study abstract and future
Analyze and Draw You will be given back Correct and final January 19, 2012
Conclusions your graded conclusions for conclusions (Thurs – LATE
Abstract and Future You will be given back Correct and final January 23, 2012
Study your graded abstracts and abstract and future (Mon)
future study for corrections study
Title Page and Table See example in packet You will turn in rough January 27, 2012
of Contents draft of title page and (Fri)
table of contents
Title Page and You will be given back Correct and final title February 1, 2012
Table of Contents your graded title page and page and table of (Wed)
table of contents for contents
Your final paper is to be in FINAL PROJECT February 6, 2012
Final Project Due a report cover (Mon)
SOME MISCELLANEOUS PROJECT INFORMATION
THIS BOOK CONTAINS SAMPLES ONLY
The type font for the ENTIRE PAPER is Times New Roman.
All headings are 14 point, bold and all caps AND centered on page.
ex. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The body of all pages is 12 point.
Spelling, punctuation, and proper grammar are very important – this is a representation of
your work – make it your best!
You must have a title page as well as a table of contents.
All pages must be numbered.
Photographs are becoming a very important part of a project. It is to your advantage to take
photos during the experiment. Although it doesn’t count against you, try to avoid having
faces of participants in the photos.
You must have a journal (there is a separate page that explains what should be in the
journal). This can be a spiral notebook or composition journal.
There is a page that illustrates how to arrange information on a backboard. Completing a
backboard is optional, but no extra credit will be assigned.
The final paper must be placed in 1” report binder. This can be an inexpensive type or a
fancier one – it is up to you. But it must have a report cover.
YOUR SCIENCE FAIR TOPIC QUESTION
The question that you choose to answer is the foundation of your work. The research and
experiment that you will conduct should be centered on the question that you are seeking to answer.
It is important to select a question that is going to keep your interest for at least a month or two and
a question that is specific enough to allow you to investigate a possible answer with an experiment.
Good science fair questions are interesting to read about and work on for an extended period of time
and should have at least 3 sources of written information on the subject.
When selecting a topic or question, please think ahead to reduce the amount of frustration that
might occur during this time. The experiment that is used to answer your question should measure
changes to the important factors using a number that represents quantitative data such as a count,
percentage, length, width, weight, voltage, velocity, energy, time, or etc. Experiments that measure
factors that are simply present or not present are just as good. For example, lights ON in one trial,
then lights off in another trial or use of one material in a trial and then don’t use the material in
another trial. IF YOU CANNOT MEASURE THE RESULTS OF YOUR EXPERIMENT, YOU
ARE NOT DOING SCIENCE!
You must be able to control all other factors the might influence the outcome of your experiment to
allow for a fair test. A “fair test” occurs when you change only one variable or factor and keep all
other conditions the same. Make sure that you have enough time to do your experiment before the
final project is due and make sure that you have everything that you would need to complete your
project. Please avoid ideas that suggest collecting body fluids or tissue, tests on vertebrate animals,
dangerous and highly combustible materials, and expensive equipment.
Examples of good science fair questions:
What effect does heat have on various types of glue?
Does the color of the human hair affect its ability to insulate?
How does distance affect the apparent brightness of a light?
Which material is the best insulator?
What sugars do yeast use?
Examples of topics to avoid:
Any topic that boils down to a simple preference or taste comparison
Consumer product testing that suggest the best type of something
Topics that require people to recall things of the past
Any topic that requires measurements that will be extremely difficult to make or repeat
Any topic that create unacceptable risks
SCIENCE FAIR PROPOSAL FORM
The primary purpose of this form is to inform your teacher, Mrs. Collins, that you and your
parents have acknowledged the type of project that you have decided to research. This form
shows me that you understand the variables of your experiment and that you and your
parents have discussed your project. It also is helpful to me to have a record of your
experiment in case you contact me about your project when we are not in school.
1. The topic area of my experiment is (biology, motion, density, plant growth,
2. The question I will answer with an experiment is
(This is the Statement of Problem)
3. The variables are:
a. Independent ______________________________________
b. Dependent _______________________________________
c. Constants (@least 3)
4. This experiment will take approximately:
a. 1-4 days _______ b. 5-10 days_________
c. 5-20 days________ d. 30 or more
5. This experiment will require the following special materials:
6. This experiment will require the following special conditions, support and/or
consideration of my parents:
We have discussed this and we are all aware of the timeframe as well as special
circumstances involved with this project
Student Signature Parent Signature
INFORMATION ON SCIENCE PROJECT JOURNAL
Data refers to the information gathered during the investigation. When a scientist keeps a record of
daily observations, making inferences and drawing conclusions at the end of the project is an easier
task. And the conclusions drawn are much more valid.
Writing in a notebook is the MOST convenient way to keep a log although keeping a record on a
computer or jump drive can work too. Your journal will be turned in with your final project. Your
project journal should include:
1. A list of all the materials used
2. Notes on the preparations you made before you started your investigation (for example, if
you had to build any sort of stand or other apparatus or if you had to order materials such as
3. Information about the resources used (books, people, museums, universities, Internet sites,
4. A detailed day-by-day ‘diary’ of the progress of the investigation
a. What are you actually doing each day
b. Problems you have with the investigation
c. Things you might change if you were to repeat the experiment
d. Other observation you make about the project that aren’t necessarily part of the
project (leaves turned black)
5. Any drawings or sketches that might help explain your work
6. Data you gather (notes, charts, tables, graphs, etc.)
BE SURE TO DATE EACH ENTRY INTO YOUR JOURNAL. THE JOURNAL IS PART OF
THE OVERALL GRADE.
SCIENTIFIC METHOD and EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN
State the Problem:
A. The problem is the question that you want to answer. State the problem in
the form of a question.
A. Determine what area of science and what topics you need further
information on in order to formulate a hypothesis and develop an experiment
Form a Hypothesis:
A. The hypothesis is a possible answer to the problem.
B. The hypothesis must be something that can be tested.
C. It is to be written in the following format: “If………………, then………..”
Design an Experiment:
1. Identify and Control Variables
a. For an accurate experiment, there must be a variable to change, a
variable of measurement and variables to control. Choose one
variable to change when you test your hypothesis; this is the
independent variable. All measurements must be quantitative which
means they must be a number. The variable of measurement is the
dependent variable. Controlling the other variables so they do not
change will make your results accurate. These other factors are the
constant variables. Identifying the variables will be one of the first
things you do when designing your experiment.
2. Write materials list
a. Numbered, vertical list
3. Write a preliminary procedure that you will modify as you conduct the
4. Create the data table and determine what type of graph to be used.
Conduct the Experiment
A. It is very important that you maintain safety conditions. It is also
extremely important that the results are accurate. Be sure to repeat
each trial of the experiment under the exact same conditions. At least
three (3) tests should be conducted.
B. It is important to record all observations in a journal that is just for the
experiment. It is best to record as much detail as possible so that your
conclusion is more valid. The more data, the more accurate the analysis of the
experiment will be. There are various ways to record data including lists,
charts, drawings and diagrams. YOU WILL TURN IN THE JOURNAL
WITH REGULAR OBSERVATIONS WHILE CONDUCTING YOUR
A. The conclusion is a decision made based on the evidence. Compare the
results with the hypothesis. Decide whether or not the hypothesis has been
supported or not. Communicate the conclusion by stating or presenting
B. Interpret the Data: Organizing the data into charts, tables, diagrams etc.,
will illustrate a pattern in the data. It is then possible to analyze the data
and draw conclusions.
C. Write results
D. Write conclusion statement
A. Using what you have learned, determine another variable or variables that
could be changed if the experiment were to be repeated by you or other scientists.
Center on the page vertically and horizontally
A Science paper
Westridge Middle School
Ms. Van Zandt’s Science Class
TABLE OF CONTENTS
THIS IS A SAMPLE
Statement of Problem………………………………………….... 3
Review of Literature……………………………………………. 4-7
Materials list…………………………………………………….. 9
Data Table……………………………………………………….. 11
Future Study……………………………………………………… 16
Journal notes……………………………………………………… 19-23
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The statement of problem is the question you want to answer. The statement of problem is written
in the form of a question. The statement of problem also tells why you are doing this investigation
(experiment). You must identify persons or professionals who would benefit from or would be
interested in the answer to this question. The question should also include what you will be
measuring. It is NOT a question with a yes or no answer. If your problem is written correctly, it
will be easy to see what the independent variable and dependent variable are AND it will be easy to
come up with a title for the project.
Some examples are below.
Gardeners need to know the proper conditions necessary for growing vegetables. Does the color of
light effect how tall corn will grow?
Gardeners need to know the proper conditions necessary for growing vegetables. Will the color of
light effect how tall corn will grow?
Throughout the world rail lines and streets are truly essential for travel. Bridges provide a way to
transport goods and people across various obstacles. Unfortunately bridges are also frequently
damaged and broken by natural disasters. Is there a way to design a bridge that would withstand
more force than other bridge designs?
Many people are required to work in loud noise situations. Noise can come from various sources
depending on the specific occupation of the person. Loud noises are harmful to human ears and in
some cases cause permanent damage. When sound is projected at a high decibel level, what
effects do inner-ear foam ear plugs, headband style ear plugs and outer-ear earmuffs have on the
noise level penetrating the ear?
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
The review of literature is a typed written ‘report’ on your project. It DOES NOT describe the
experiment that you will do. It also DOES NOT include any of your own opinions. A review of
literature is information that is science information or history that applies to your project/topic.
The review of literature is a must be typed and 1 ½ to 2 pages in length. (The rough draft is
double-spaced; the FINAL COPY IS NOT) The heading is 14 point, bold, centered, all caps AND
the type style is Times New Roman (REVIEW OF LITERATURE). The font for the paper is 12
point and must be Times New Roman style – NO BOLD PRINT OR ITALICS. DO NOT TYPE
YOUR NAME UNDER THE HEADING. Please write you name in ink on the lower right hand
corner ON THE BACK of your paper.
**I will not grade anything handwritten.
The review of literature should:
Demonstrate that you have read information about the ‘science behind’ your project. In
other words, if you are doing an experiment involving temperature, you need to include a
scientific definition of temperature, instrument used to measure, SI unit of measurement,
how temperature affects matter, etc.
Use third person. Do NOT use words like “I” or “you”
Explain any history of discoveries made that would support this type of project
Include other studies on your topic ( if you find any that are similar, or studies that got you
interested in the topic)
Contain important facts that are not about your variables. Why would anyone what to know
the answer to your question/problem?
Possibly explain what interested you in the project.
A minimum of 3 resources is required. It can be a combination of resources, i.e. book,
encyclopedia, magazine, internet, expert, etc. but you must use three (3) and one has to be a book.
Use in-text citations and you are required to provide a bibliography as part of the final paper. You
must have a least 5 different in-text citations in your paper. (Example: water is wet (Johnson, 35).
(Author, pg) As the review of literature is prepared, be sure you are able to discuss your topic with
the teacher and judges.
I. Introduction – this could be one or two paragraphs and include the following:
A. Topic sentence (options: use a quote, question or interesting fact) Things that grab your
reader’s attention make your paper interesting.
B. Background information or history (possibly what interested you in the project)
C. Other studies on your topic (if you find any that are similar, or studies that got you
interested in the topic
D. Important facts that are not about the variables. Why would anyone want to know the
answer to your question/problem?
II. Identification of variables – this could be one or more paragraphs
A. Independent Variable (this is the variable that you are changing
i. Describe and explain in detail the variable you are changing. Include
supporting scientific details when appropriate. This is another place to grab
your reader’s attention and tell about what interested you in the topic.
ii. Explain any terms that may be unfamiliar to you and your readers making
sure that these terms are in your own words. Be clear. DO NOT copy an
exact dictionary definition word for word. You must explain the concept in
your own words.
iii. Describe any problems advantages or disadvantages that the independent
variable may have. For example, if you are testing different fertilizers on
plants, you must research the different fertilizers that you plan to use. If you
find that “Grow Fast” fertilizers are supposed to work very well, but they
tend to dry up the soil, that is a problem you must write about. You are not
talking about potential problems that you think you might have in carrying
out your experiment, for example, do NOT say, “I might have trouble getting
the same amount of fertilizer on each plant.”
B. Dependent Variable (this is what you are going to measure; this is the outcome of
i. Refer to information on independent variable. An example is if you are
testing the effectiveness of different fertilizers on the growth of plants, your
dependent variable is plant growth. You need to research and write about
plants (especially the type of plants you are growing) and what they (it)
require (s) to grow, even addressing HOW plants grow in general. The more
specific you can be to your experiment, the better.
A. Explain why this information is valuable to the world around us. Use your sources
here, not your opinion.
B. Include any additional facts that you have found about your topic that don’t fit in
The bibliography is required and is a separate page at the back of the paper. The heading is 14
point, bold, centered, all caps AND the type style is Times New Roman (BIBLIOGRAPHY). The
font for the bibliography is 12 point and must be Times New Roman style – NO BOLD PRINT OR
ITALICS. DO NOT TYPE YOUR NAME UNDER THE HEADING. Please write you name in
ink on the lower right hand corner ON THE BACK. The bibliography is DUE WITH the Review of
A. You must use a minimum of 3 sources***. Sources must be listed in the bibliography by
the author’s last name(s).
B. If there is no author for a magazine article, list the title of the article first.
C. The entire website follows the title of all articles from internet sources.
D. If internet or computer resources are going to be used as resources you must provide a copy
of the article with your paper.
E. If a reference is published by a society, consider the society as the author.
F. An expert is a person who is a professional and has experience in the field of your topic. An
expert is listed in this manner:
Last name, first name, occupation, city, state, date of contact.
G. A review of literature without a bibliography is unacceptable.
***Excellent projects have more than 3 sources. Review the next sheet for examples on how to write
a entry from some of the more common sources.
The hypothesis is a possible answer to the problem. The hypothesis must be something that can be
tested. It is to be written in the following format: “If _________, then ____________.” An
If a 2.5 g sugar cube is placed in 150mL of 110o F water, a 2.5 g sugar cube is placed in 150 mL of
40oF water and a 2.5g sugar cube placed in 150mL of 78o F water, then the 2.5 g sugar cube placed
in the 150 mL of 110o F water will dissolve in the least amount of time.
PROCEDURE OF INVESTIGATION
You will actually write a rough draft of the procedure BEFORE you begin. As you conduct the
experiment, it will be important to make adjustments to the procedure as you go. Then AFTER you
have performed your experiment you will write the FINAL procedure. It is REQUIRED that you
review, revise and re-write the procedure so that ANYONE could repeat the process without asking
The procedure of investigation is written in a numbered, list form. (see example below) The
procedure includes how the experiment was set up as well as how it was conducted. Include all
variables and be specific. Do NOT use the words, first, next, second, last, I, you, they, etc. Again,
it should be so complete that anyone could repeat your experiment without asking any questions.
You must do AT LEAST 3 trials of each condition. More is better. Less is not
This example is based on the color of light being the independent variable.
1. gather materials
2. label pots
3. place plants in3 pots
4. measure height of each plant and record in data table
5. place pots under blue light
6. add 110 mL water to each pot
7. repeat steps 3-6 for plants under red light, white light and sunlight
8. measure plants daily for 15 days and record
9. check soil each day for moisture; add water as needed to keep soil just barely damp to the
touch. Do not over water.
10. Journal additional observations (plant death, insect damage, etc.) each day
The materials list is a numbered list of all items used to conduct this experiment including a pen or
pencil and paper to record data. Be sure to list each specific item separately and describe them. For
example, if a test is being conducted on different types of soils, the amount and type of each soil
should be listed individually. Be sure that as you do the experiment, you double check the materials
list and make any adjustments, corrections or additions to the list so that when ANYONE could
repeat the experiment without asking ANY questions.
1. 236 mL topsoil
2. 236 mL potting soil
3. 236 mL clay soil
4. pen and paper to record data
5. 9 3” pots
6. 4 L distilled water
5. something to write with
After you have made your list of materials and gathered them, you are ready to conduct your
experiment. You must do three tests for the variable being tested. In other words, if the independent
variable is the color of light plants are grown , you must have 3 plants under the blue light, 3 plants
under the red light and 3 plants under the white light as well as 3 plants in sunlight. As each test is
done, data is recorded on a chart. You will then calculate and record the average of all the tests.
Make up your data table or chart BEFORE you being. See example below.
AVERAGE GROWTH RATE
8th day after
planting Red light Green light Blue light Sunlight
Day 1 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.35
Day 2 0.2 0.4 0.24 0.41
Day 3 0.5 0.6 0.35 0.5
Day 4 0.15 1 0.15 0.25
Day 5 0.2 1.1 0.11 0.35
Day 6 0.3 0.5 0.13 0.45
Total 1.65 4 1.18 2.31
After the data has been collected, a graph is needed to present the data in a form easily interpreted
by anyone who sees the project results. Graphs can be done for each independent variable as well
as the average results. However, you MUST have a graph that reflects average results.
Be sure to have a title for your graph. The title should be a short description of the data that is being
displayed (Growth of tomatoes versus color of light)
In addition, the Y-axis (vertical) and X-axis (horizontal) must be labeled. The independent variable
is on the X-axis and the dependent variable is on the Y-axis.
Be sure to use the correct type of graph. The two main types of graphs used in scientific research
are the bar graph and line graph. A bar graph is used when making a comparison. A line graph is
used to display data that occurs in a continuous manner such as the growth of a plant over a period
of 15 days.
All measurements must be metric (i.e. grams, degrees Celsius, meters, etc.)
Growth in cm
3 8th day after planting
1 Blue light
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
This is a paragraph (a rather boring one) that simply states the data. Include all variables in the
results (independent, control and dependent). Give ONLY THE AVERAGE ** results of the tests
performed on each independent variable. An example of the correct format follows.
The only variable intended to be tested was the color of light the plants were grown under. The
same type of plastic containers was used for each test. The same wattage bulb was used, the same
type of plants was used and they were given the same amount of water and light each day. The
average growth of the plants under the red light was
9 cm, the average growth under the blue light was 12 cm, the average growth of the plants under the
white light was 7 cm and the average growth of the plants under sunlight was 15 cm.
This is the discussion of what the data shows. The conclusion is based on the results of all tests. It
is your interpretation of the data. Be careful when drawing conclusions.
A good approach for writing an experimental conclusion is to use the “REE, PE, PA” method.
REE is results with evidence and explanation and means to give the answer to the purpose question
with numerical data as evidence. For most experiments, averaged data are the best numerical
answer to a purpose question. Then, explain whether the data support or do not support the
hypothesis and WHY. Give specific examples.
For PE or possible errors, identify the sources of experimental design errors that would lead to false
or misleading data, and explain the possible implications from making such errors. For example in
an experiment that involved the color of light and growth rate of plants, two possible errors could be
that one of the light bulbs went out and that one of the plants developed a fungus. Once potential
errors in experimentation are identified, give recommendations to improve the experiment to
minimize these sources of errors. The goal is to design experiments that have the most reproducible
and reliable data.
For practical applications or PA, discuss the meaning or value of the experimental results in the
short term and in the long term. How are the findings valuable to the scientist, the company, or the
scientific community? What recommendations can be made about using the data or for planning
future experimentation? Often, the next experiment is only a slight modification or refinement of
the previous one.
The final version of a conclusion should be a thorough analysis of the experiment and results
reflecting on the uses of the new information. The final version should be proofread, or witnessed
by a colleague who understand enough about the experiment to analyze the data, but who was not
involved in conducting the experiment.
The conclusion rubric that follows allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of conclusion drafts.
The hypothesis is restated in the first sentence of the conclusion. It is a summary type of sentence.
You must also include whether or not the hypothesis was supported. Do NOT state the hypothesis
was proven – it takes many, many tests conducted by scientists sometimes over many years to
‘prove’ a hypothesis. Also, do NOT state whether or not your hypothesis is right or wrong. Tell
what would happen if your experiment were performed again, and explain any limitations of your
experiment. Also include how this experiment applies to ‘real life” (go back to the original purpose
statement in the Statement of Problem)
This is a very important part of your paper. The future study simply states suggestion(s) of different
independent variables that could be done to get different results. In addition, ideas for new
problems posed as a result of this investigation may be included.
You should also include another hypothesis.
Remember science is a continuing process that never comes to an end.
The abstract is a summary of your project. It appears first in your report, however, it is written last.
It is written in paragraph form. DO NOT NUMBER THE PARAGRAPHS.
It is required to include each of the following:
1. Purpose statement: This can be taken from the statement of problem. It is the first
statement of the abstract. It states who will benefit from the results of this experiment.
2. Hypothesis: This is a summary statement of the hypothesis and is not as specific as the
hypothesis that appears at the beginning of the paper/project. ( For example: It is
hypothesized that the color of light will affect the growth of plants.)
3. Procedure: A very brief summary of your procedure is written in sentence form. If the
above hypothesis is used the procedure for the abstract might be written as follows: Tomato
plants were placed in 3” pots and 3 were placed under each of the lights, blue, red, and
white. Three were also placed in sunlight. They were each exposed to the same amount of
light, under the same wattage, given the same amount of water and kept in the same
temperature. They were measured each day for 15 days and measurements were recorded
on the data table.
4. Results: Only the average results are included in the abstract
5. Conclusion: This is only one or two sentences. For example: The results showed that plants
grown under the red light showed greater growth. The data did not support the hypothesis.
This is the ONLY page in the entire paper where the use of “I”, “my” or other 1st person pronouns
can be used. You are also allowed to name individuals by 1st name. For example:
I would like to personally thank my parents for being so supportive and for getting the supplies I
needed for my project. I would also like to thank Mr. Smith for his help in getting the light bulbs.
Without these people, I would not have succeeded. Thank you.
This is NOT a required part of the project/paper. It is however very important to express gratitude
to those who helped you complete this process successfully. It can also go a long way at home