COLLEGE MUSIC SOCIETY MUSIC THEORY UNDERGRADUATE by linxiaoqin

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									                          COLLEGE MUSIC SOCIETY
                        ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON MUSIC THEORY
                            Richard B. Nelson, Survey Coordinator
                                Cleveland Institute of Music


            MUSIC THEORY UNDERGRADUATE CORE
                 CURRICULUM SURVEY - 2000

Introduction
        A few years ago, Pamela L. Poulin, at the time College Music Society Executive Board
Member for Music Theory and Chair of the Music Theory Advisory Committee, asked me, as a
member of the Committee, to conduct a survey of undergraduate music theory curricula. With
input from members of the Committee, an instrument took shape that addressed issues
concerning faculty and curriculum, teaching loads, course content, textbooks, placement exams,
and the like.
        The Survey was posted on the Cleveland Institute of Music internet site and was
advertised through CMS mailings and list-serve announcements. Regrettably, it was not possible
to process paper mailings and submissions. Responses were received from 248 institutions.
Every attempt was made to tabulate data in an accurate and consistent manner. In many cases,
some questions were left unanswered, and in others more than one response was selected.
Therefore, in spite of the fact that some 248 persons replied, the total responses for each question
will not always add up to 248.
        This endeavor turned out to be far from scientific. In retrospect, some items were
clumsily or inappropriately presented. In a few cases, two colleagues from the same institution
answered the Survey, complete with conflicting responses (which were reconciled). And, of
course, responses from another 248 schools might yield entirely different results.
        In spite of its shortcomings, the 2000 CMS Music Theory Survey--the first of its kind--
does reveal much useful information to the theorist, the administrator, and to collegiate faculty in
general.



I.     Institutions - 248 responded

               2-year institution             42
               4-year institution             174
               Master?s degree offered        84
               Doctoral degree offered        39
                  Type of institution

                  Liberal arts college                         100
                  University                                   109
                  No music department (part of another unit)   21
                  School of music within a university          30
                  Conservatory                                 8
                  Other                                        15

                  Degrees offered in music (check those that apply):

                                                Bachelor       Master          Doctor

                  Church music                  47             13              1
                  Composition                   87             47              15
                  Conducting                    3              10              0
                  Ethnomusicology               6              11              8
                  Eurhythmics                   1              0               0
                  Jazz studies                  30             13              1
                  Music/Arts Administration     13             2               0
                  Music Business                29             0               0
                  Music Education               138            57              14
                  Music History/Musicology      46             31              13
                  Music Therapy                 15             9               0
                  Music Theory                  55             35              15
                  Performance                   141            62              16
                  Piano Pedagogy                8              8               1
                  Liberal Arts (BA, etc.)       70             N/A             N/A


                  Total number of music majors 0-785 [average per institution - 119]
                  Total number of full-time faculty for all music disciplines 0-61 [average - 13]
                  Total number of part-time faculty for all music disciplines 0-140



II.   Music theory faculty
           Average number of faculty who teach music theory: 4

           Average number of the above who teach only music theory: 1

           What is the typical teaching load for music theory faculty?

                  Number of courses per term
       1 course per term                     12
       1 -2 courses per term                 10
       2 courses per term                    25
       2-3 courses per term                  13
       3 courses per term                    52
       4 courses per term                    40
       5 courses per term                    21
       6 or more courses per term            15

       Number of courses per year

       <4 courses per year                   14
       4 courses per year                    21
       5 courses per year                    17
       6 courses per year                    48
       8 courses per year                    37
       10 courses per year                   18
       12 courses per year                   12
       >12 courses per year                  6

       Number of contact hours per week

       12 hours per week                     30
       15 hours per week                     21
       18 hours per week                     8

       (Most responses included such a wide range of hours as not to fit easily into a
       category)

       Is the typical teaching load for music theory faculty the same as that for music
       history professors? 179 More courses 45 Less courses 9

Are administrative duties and/or research-related activities factored into music theory
faculty loads? 47 (administrative) 95 (research)

How often are sabbatical leaves offered at your school?

       none - 19
       less than every 7 years - 40
       every 7 years - 115
       greater than every 7 years - 18

Do your graduate students teach music theory in your program? Yes 32        No 161

       How many sections of the following and at what level do they teach?
                                           number                  1st yr 2nd yr 3rd yr 4th yr
                                           of sections
              Written music theory         <5 (11); >4 (6)         21     12     1      0
              Sight singing/aural skills   <5 (14); >4(11)         27     19     2      0
              Music theory keyboard        1 (3); 2 (2); >2(2)     10     7      0      0
              Fundamentals                 1 (10); 2 (6); >2 (4)   21     0      0      0
              Analysis                     2 (1); 4 (1)            0      1      1      0
              Theory for non-majors        2 (1); 4(1)             2      0      0      0



III.   Requirements for undergraduate music theory

       How many years of music theory does your school require?

              1 year         11
              1.5 years      9
              2 years        125
              2.5 years      29
              3 years        35
              >3 years       16

       Written music theory:

              How many years are required?

              1 year         14
              1.5 years      12
              2 years        147
              2.5 years      21
              3 years        22
              >3 years       11

              How many class meetings per week?

              1/ week        1
              2/ week        47
              3/week         129
              4/week         11
              5/week         17

              Each class meeting is _____ minutes in length.

              50 min         155
              60 min         15
       75 min         19
       >75 min        27

       Average class size is _____.

       <10 students   29
       10 students    19
       12 students    20
       15 students    40
       20 students    30
       >30 students   32

       Written music theory taught separately from aural training and keyboard -161


Aural skills:

       How many years are required?

       1 year         18
       1.5 years      15
       2 years        163
       2.5 years      6
       3 years        3
       >3 years       6

       How many class meetings per week?

       1/ week        31
       2/ week        132
       3/week         25
       4/week         5
       5/week         9

       Each class meeting is _____ minutes in length.
       <50 min       19
       50 min        148
       >50 min       46

       Average class size is _____.

       <10 students   37
       10 students    18
       12 students    21
       15 students    49
       20 students    19
       >30 students 17

Sight singing:

       How many years are required?

       1 year        19
       1.5 years     11
       2 years       143
       2.5 years     2
       3 years       0
       >3 years      7

       How many class meetings per week?

       1/ week        26
       2/ week        111
       3/week         25
       4/week         5
       5/week         7

       Each class meeting is _____ minutes in length.
       50 min        124
       60 min        9
       75 min        12

       Average class size is _____.
       <10 students 31
       10 students 16
       12 students 21
       15 students 37
       20 students 20

       What type of solmization is used for sight singing?

       Fixed do - 37                  Moveable do, la-based minor - 68
       Numbers - 72                   Moveable do, do-based minor - 107
       Letter names - 35              No system - 13


Keyboard harmony:

       How many years are required?

       0 years       52
       1 year        41
            1.5 years     3
            2 years       85
            2.5 years     2
            3 years       4
            >3 years      0

            How many class meetings per week?

            1/ week       42
            2/ week       78
            3/week        13
            4/week        1
            5/week        4

            Each class meeting is _____ minutes in length.

            <50 min       27
            50 min        100
            60 min        10
            75 min        5
            >75 min       5

            Average class size is _____.
            <8 students 42
            8 students    13
            10 students 27
            12 students 22
            15 students 18
            20 students 5
            >30 students 32

            Is keyboard harmony taught separately from piano class ? 75

            Or is keyboard harmony a part of piano class? 129



IV.   Placement Exams

      Do you have Freshman placement exams for written music theory? 147

            If so, what topics are included on the exam?

            Fundamentals                   147             Partwriting     48
            Roman numeral analysis         73              Counterpoint    10
       Do you have Freshman placement exams for aural skills? 78

              If so, what topics are included on the exam?

              Intervals                      69              Melodic dictation    62
              Triad types                    62              Harmonic dictation   32
              7th chord types                19              Rhythmic dictation   54


       Do you have Freshman placement exams for sight singing? 46



V.     Music Theory Curriculum

Please indicate how many semesters/quarters, or portions of a semester/quarter you spend on the
following topics and the names of the music theory texts/anthologies you use:


       Diatonic harmony

              Number of semesters/quarters

              1 term                               34
              1.5 terms                            21
              2 terms                              97
              2.5                                  6
              3                                    26
              4                                    19

              Credit hours per course

              1 hour                               10
              2 hours                              29
              3 hours                              137
              4 hours                              39
              5 hours                              1

              Hours in class each week

              2 hours/week                         12
              3 hours/week                         135
              4 hours/week                         23
              5 hours/week                         15
     Author(s) of textbooks and anthologies:
     Aldwell/Schachter                   18
     Benjamin/Horvit/Nelson              6
     Benward                             45
     Gauldin                             10
     Kostka/Payne                        55
     Ottman                              20
     Spencer                             15
     Turek                               12


Chromatic harmony

     Number of semesters/quarters

     0 terms                             9
     0.5 terms                           15
     1 term                              70
     1.5 terms                           26
     2 terms                             63
     3                                   8
     4                                   2

     Credit hours per course

     1 hour                              9
     2 hours                             31
     3 hours                             122
     4 hours                             30
     5 hours                             1

     Hours in class each week

     2 hours/week                        13
     3 hours/week                        129
     4 hours/week                        17
     5 hours/week                        12

     Author(s) of textbooks and anthologies:

     Aldwell/Schachter                   11
     Benjamin/Horvit/Nelson              5
     Benward                             39
     Gauldin                             10
     Kostka/Payne                        53
      Ottman                              16
      Spencer                             12
      Turek                               12


Form and Analysis

      Number of semesters/quarters

      0 terms                             23
      1 term                              103
      2 terms                             27
      3 terms                             2
      4 terms                             6

      Credit hours per course

      1 hour                              5
      2 hours                             50
      3 hours                             85
      4 hours                             10

      Hours in class each week

      2 hours/week                        46
      3 hours/week                        93
      4 hours/week                        6
      5 hours/week                        5

      Author(s) of textbooks and anthologies:

      Benward                             17
      Berry                               4
      Burkhart                            29
      Green                               15
      Kostka/Payne                        4
      Spencer/Temko                       15
      Spring/Hutchenson                   13
      Stein                               4
      Turek                               11


Tonal counterpoint (Eighteenth Century)

      Number of semesters/quarters
      0 terms                             49
      >0, <1 term                         37
      1 term                              87
      2 terms                             7

      Credit hours per course

      1 hour                              6
      2 hours                             35
      3 hours                             68
      4 hours                             17

      Hours in class each week

      2 hours/week                        27
      3 hours/week                        78
      4 hours/week                        4
      5 hours/week                        2

      Author(s) of textbooks and anthologies:

      Benjamin                            4
      Benward                             10
      Gauldin                             15
      Kennan                              32
      Owen                                8


Twentieth century music

      Number of semesters/quarters

      0 terms                             27
      >0, <1 term                         54
      1 term                              111
      2 terms                             7

      Credit hours per course

      1 hour                              4
      2 hours                             30
      3 hours                             100
      4 hours                             20

      Hours in class each week
      2 hours/week                        19
      3 hours/week                        111
      4 hours/week                        9
      5 hours/week                        3

      Author(s) of textbooks and anthologies:

      Benward                             21
      Burkhart                            12
      Kostka                              23
      Kostka/Payne                        7
      Lester                              2
      Morgan                              3
      Simms                               5
      Spencer                             5
      Straus                              14
      Turek                               11


Modal counterpoint (Renaissance, or Sixteenth-Century)

      Number of semesters/quarters

      0 terms                             107
      >0, <1 term                         24
      1 term                              33

      Credit hours per course

      1 hour                              3
      2 hours                             11
      3 hours                             37
      4 hours                             4

      Hours in class each week

      2 hours/week                        8
      3 hours/week                        36
      4 hours/week                        3

      Author(s) of textbooks and anthologies:

      Benward                             9
      Gauldin                             8
      Owen                                7
      Other Music Theory Courses: Composition, Orchestration, Electronic Music,
             Advanced Analysis, Advanced Seminars, Arranging, Schenkerian Analysis,
            Jazz Theory, Improvisation

      Do you incorporate into any of your courses any of the MENC National Standards such
      as improvisation or world music in order to satisfy such standards for your school or
      department? 116

             Which standards are incorporated?
             Improvisation                         97
             World Music                           76



VI.   Fundamentals
      Are fundamentals covered/reviewed in first semester/quarter of music theory for all
      music majors? 214

             If so, for how many weeks?

                     1 week                7
                     2 weeks               29
                     3 weeks               37
                     4 weeks               38
                     5 weeks               17
                     6 weeks               26
                     7 weeks               10
                     8 weeks               6
                     9 weeks or more       27

      Is there a separate remedial course in fundamentals for music majors who have had little
      background in music theory? 136

      If yes, does this result is an out-of-phase music theory sequence? 60

      Titles or authors of textbooks and anthologies:

      Duckworth             7
      Ottman                7
      Henry                 4
      Hill                  4
      Lynn                  4
      Nelson                4
      White                 4
     If students in need of remediation are required to take Fundamentals before the regular
     core sequence, is it therefore a non-credit course that does not count toward the degree?
     60

     Does the Music Fundamentals class include sightsinging?                      116
                                                       dictation?                 108
                                                       keyboard?                  87

     Also, does your school offer summer remedial theory for students who need it, so that
     these students can enter "regular" freshman theory in the fall with the rest of the class?
     43



VII. Accelerated Music Theory

     Do you offer accelerated music theory for students with substantial background in music
     theory? 25

     Can students exempt out of first-year Music Theory by taking a placement exam? 172

            If so, how do the students proceed with music theory studies?

                    Begin immediately with second-year music theory               128
                    Wait one semester                                             27
                    Wait one year before taking second-year music theory          15
                    Place into appropriate semester                               17

     Do such students take fewer total years or credits of Music Theory?          132

     Or do they make up for the exemption by taking more upper division music theory
     electives? 30



VIII. Music theory courses for non-music majors

     Please list any music theory courses that you offer primarily for those not majoring in
     music.

            Jazz studies - 45
            Rudiments - 119
            World music - 70

								
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