INSPIRE Spatial Data Infrastructures Madrid 3 by xiagong0815


									        Spatial Data Infrastructures (Madrid)
                       (3 October 2006)

          INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe

Joep Crompvoets (Centre Geo-Information)

Introduction Spatial Data Infrastructure

EUROSION (Motivatie European Geo-Information

Components of Spatial Data Infrastructures

                  Access Network

   People             Policy          Data
                                   (& services)
          EUROSION :
   Motivation for an European SDI
and the role of spatial data within SDI

            Project funded by the
            European Commission

       “To provide the European Commission with a
       package of recommendations on policy
       and management measures to address
       coastal erosion in the EU.
       These recommendations should be based on a
       thorough assessment of the state of
       coastline and of the response options
       available at each level of administration.”
Assessment of European coastline
Example of Ajaccio Bay

         Highly vulnerable areas (hotspot)

         Moderately vulnerable areas

         Lowly vulnerable areas
From Data to Information

                                                     Vulnerable areas and
                                                     Monitoring indicators
                                                          In terms of

                                                         Lives at risk
                                                       Economy at risk
                                                        Nature at risk

       Hydrodynamics and sea profiles
       LandErosioneconomical level rise
       SedimentInfrastructure changes
        Social Laws patternsLC areas
         Nationally designated rivers
               and(LC) and (CCEr)
                 discharges from
                    and boundaries

       A large variety of formats exist

       Many geographical gaps still remain

       Reference systems are not harmonized

       Many data sources are not consistent

       Scales are not compatible

       All data are not interoperable

       Costs and access restrictions
Issue No. 1 - A large variety of formats exists

                             - Satellite images
                             - Maps
                             - Aerial photographs
                             - Diagrams
                             - Statistics
                             - Reports
                             - Databases
                             - Etc.

                           Integration of various formats
                           is time consuming and uncertain
Issue No. 2 – Many geographical gaps still remain

                            Geological data at scale 1:50,000
                            (source: BRGM, France)

                           Need to identify the gaps and make
                           priorities to bridge them
Issue No. 3 - Reference systems are not harmonized

                                 Reference system 1 : ETRS89
                                 Reference system 2 : Clarke 80

                                 Need to define a common
                                 terrestrial reference system for
                                 data production and processing
Issue No. 4 – Many data sources are not consistent

                                                               -5m                     Need to build pan-european
                                                                                       “seamless” data with standard
                                                     - 10 m                            specifications
            - 25 m

                                                                                       Sources 1:
  - 20 m

                                                                  15 m
                                                                                       Coastline : SABE (EuroGeographics)
                                                                                       Bathymetry : TCIFMS (SHOM)
                                                                                       Topography : BDTOPO (IGN)
                                                       -5m                      10 m
                                   - 15 m

                          - 25 m

                                                               15 m

                                            - 10 m                                     Sources 2:

                                                                                       Coastline : SABE (EuroGeographics)
                                                                         10 m
                                                                                       Bathymetry : GEBCO (BODC)
                                                                                       Topography : MONA PRO
           -5m                                15 m

                                                        15 m

                            10 m
Issue No. 5 - Scales are not compatible

     1:100,000 (source: SABE)
     1:250,000 (source: WVS)

                                Need to adopt a common level of
                                perception and representation of
Issue No. 6 – All the data are not interoperable

                            CORINE Land Cover 1990
                            SABE Coastline

                              0 m < Difference < 50 m
                             50 m < Difference < 200 m

                                    Difference > 200 m
Issue No. 7 – Costs and access restrictions (1/2)

           Most existing datasets are “copyrighted”: you do not
           buy information itself, but a right to use it (“license”)

           The more users will handle the data, the more
           expensive the license

           Dissemination of end-products is restricted
           (sometimes, end-products have to be “degraded”)

           Quality “label” are not commonly adopted : uncertainty
           about the products licensed
Issue No. 7 – Costs and access restrictions (2/3)

         EUROSION database = 2 Millions Euros

           28% acquisition of licensed data (e.g. Elevation)

           17% update of existing data (e.g. Coastal Erosion)

           33% production of missing data (e.g. Hydrodynamics)

           24% Format conversion, integration, and quality

       The absence of a European spatial data infrastructure
       results in:

          Higher investment costs (2 to 3 times)

          Delayed implementation (8 to 10 months)

          Uncertain quality

          dissemination constraints
INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe
    Main objective INSPIRE

To deliver useful,
standardised and high
quality data in order to
formulate, implement,
monitor and evaluate
European, National and
Local Policy.

                           Differences between Height
                           Reference Levels
Start-up phase
End 2001: Launch INSPIRE
          Action within 6th Environmental Action
          Program (6EAP)
            -> Better Policy/Realisation Environment
            -> INSPIRE Legal framework for EU SDI
2001 – 2004: Preparation of INSPIRE
              (Coordination EC Brussels, supported by
                JRC, EUROSTAT + working groups)
23 July 2004: Acceptance of the INSPIRE-proposal by the
                European Commission
                A major Milestone for European SDI!!
                                                                                                                 Phase 1:
                     COGI                                          INSPIRE Expert Group                        Environmental
                 Chair: ESTAT                                        Chair : DG ENV & ESTAT

                                  Technical Co-ordination & Secretariat
                                JRC Ispra - Institute for Environment and Sustainability               …..             marine
                                                                                                   biodiversity     noise
Common Reference
                                                                                                 soils            forest
 Data & Metadata                                                Environmental                 air               water
  Chair : ESTAT                    Inter-sectoral
                                   co-ordination                                                 Environmental
                                    Chair: ESTAT
   Architecture                                                    Chair: EEA
   & Standards
 Chair : JRC Ispra

  Legal Aspects                                                    Agricultural
  & Data Policy                                                     thematic
    Chair : UK                                                    co-ordination
   Funding &
 Implementation                                                     Transport
   structures                                                       thematic
    Chair : SE                                                                                      Transport
                                                                  co-ordination                    components
    Chair : NL                                                        Other
Horizontal                                                        co-ordination
                                                                      Chair:                       components
                      INSPIRE                                                    Further phases: other themes
Impact of INSPIRE Framework
• Positive impact on the demand and supply of spatial
  datasets and services
• Positive impact on decision-making
• Positive impact on cost savings
• Positive impacts to streamline environmental policy-
• Positive impact on human resources
• Positive impact on professional education (GIS, data
  visualization, navigation and positioning,
• Positive impact on the social cohesion
• Negative impact on current spatial data price policy at
  national level
• Negative impact on public sector investment at national
The proposal
• General starting points,
  objectives and development
  processes for European SDI
• Based on national SDIs
• Focus on selected group of spatial data
  (Annex I, II en III data/ integration-ambition and time)

• Main action points:
  1. Organise metadata
  2. Standardise spatial data
  3. Develop network services
  4. Rules for data transfer and re-use
Annex I                       Annex III
1. Coordinate Systems         1. Statistical units
                              2. Buildings
2. Geographical gridsystems   3. Soil
3. Geographical names         4. Geology
4. Administrative units       5. Land Use
5. Transport networks         6. Health and Security
6. Hydrography                7. Environmental/Conservation
7. Protection zones              facilities
                              8. Production/industrial facilities
Annex II                      9. Facilities for agriculture and aquaculture
1. Elevation                  10. Demography
2. Ownership registrations    11. Land management in
3. Cadastral parcels               areas with limitations
4. Soil Cover                 12. Areas with environmental risks
5. Ortho-images               13. Atmospheric conditions
                              14. Meteorological geographical characteristics
                              15. Oceanographic geographical characteristics
                              16. Sea areas
                              17. Bio-geographical areas
                              18. Habitats en biotopes
                              19. Dissemination of species

 Division of spatial data (Annex I, II and III)
1.Organise meta-information
• Member states: Description and management Meta-data
• Annex I and II -> 2010; Annex III -> 2012
• Starting point ISO-standard for metadata (ISO19115)

2. Standardise spatial data
• formulate specifications
• Establishment of common system for unambiguous
  identification of objects, relations between objects, time
  and multilingual thesauri
• Annex I -> 2009, Annex II and III -> 2013
3. Develop network services
• Related to metadata and spatial data
• Examples of potential services: Upload, Search,
  View, Download and Analyse services
• Member states: Central role to supply these services
• Member States: Opportunity to limit access to public
4. Rules for data transfer and

• Likely to be most politically difficult action
     -> establishment of rules
• Establishment of Directives and common license
• Governments and Administrations
  (EU, National, Regional, Local)
• Utility and Public Services
  (Transport, Health, Emergency services, Utilities)
• Research and development Organisations
  (Universities, Public and Private Institutes)
• Commercial and Professional End Users
  (Tourism, Value Added Resellers, Surveyors)
• Non-governmental Organizations
• General Public
INSPIRE future (1/2)
Establishment of EU-directive (similar as EU-habitat
 directive and EU-framework directive Water)
Three stages:
 1) Preparation stage (2005 – 2006)
     - Activities mainly political/content focussed
     - NL (VROM): Place on the agenda and support
       activities (e.g. Nat. Congress GII)
     - Adaptations to proposal
     - Establishment of (implementation) directives
     - Establishment of profiles for metadata
     - Extend European Geo-Portal
     - Test technological concepts
  Proposal change to INSPIRE-decision
  ->submission to EU-Parliament and Council
INSPIRE future (2/2)
2) Transposition stage (2007-2008)
    Establishment INSPIRE-commission -> control organ
    (consisted of representatives of member states)
    Member states: Change directive in own law and rules

3) Implementation stage (2009-2013)
     Implementation of directive(s)
     Periodical reporting about progress

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