Causes of World War II Causes of World War II Two by dfhdhdhdhjr

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									Causes of World War II
Two major causes:
 World-wide depression
 The rise of totalitarianism and fascism
     Adolf Hitler—Germany
     Benito Mussolini—Italy
     Joseph Stalin—Soviet Union
     Tojo Hideki—Japan
     Francisco Franco—Spain
World-Wide Economic Depression
 United States of
  America
      “The Great
       Depression”
 World-Wide food
  shortages.
 Small group discussion:
      What does food
       shortages cause
       people to do?
Totalitarianism
 Totalitarianism—relating to or operating a
  centralized government system in which a
  single party without opposition rules over
  political, economic, social, and cultural life.
Fascism
 Fascism—any movement, ideology, or
 attitude that favors dictatorial government,
 centralized control of private enterprise,
 repression of all opposition, and extreme
 nationalism.
Totalitarianism and Fascism
 The rise of totalitarianism and fascism is one
  of the most important events in the 20th
  century.
 Totalitarianism and fascism gain momentum
  at the same time as communism.
 Small group discussion:
     Why was this movement so important?
     Why did these two separate movements
      happen at the same time?
Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party
                   Ideology:
                      Anti-Semitic
                         Economically,
                          culturally, religiously,
                          biologically.
                      Give the message the
                       public wants to hear.
                         Why is everything
                          going so badly?
                      Used social-darwinism.
                      Anti-communist
                      Against the Treaty of
                       Versailles.
Adolf Hitler
 Rise to power:
    He did not “take-over”
    Democratically gained
     control.
    He wanted a big
     military take-over.
       Tried in 1923 in the

         “Beer Haul Putsch”
 Fuhrer Cult
    Women adored him
    Very hygienic
How Hitler got Germany out of
economic depression:
 Re-armament—against Treaty of Versailles
 Deficit Spending—like FDR in America
     Autobahns
 Got the support of the German people.
 Started to take aggressive actions
     Ex. Czechoslovakia

								
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