# inflation

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```							From: http://www.bls.gov/cpi/
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services.

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_price_index
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
A statistical measure of a weighted average of prices of a specified set of goods and services purchased by wage

The changes made in the underlying "basket of goods" used for a price index calclation that involve changes in th
In hedonic demand theory, a good is broken down into component parts, each of which has its own value.
From http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpidryer.htm:
A hedonic model decomposes the price of a consumer product into implicit prices for each of its important feature
thereby providing an estimate of the value for each price-influencing feature and component.

Some comments by Chris Mack:
Price indices are prices of different goods weighted by the quantities of goods purchased.
But there lies a problem: as prices change, the quantities that people purchase also change.
(Substitution bias: substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative pr
Thus, what quantity do you use when calculating the index?
The old quantity that people bought at the old price, or the new quantity at the new price?
In the terminology of price indices, a "base year" index (also called a Laspeyres index) sets the quantities of good
A "chained index" (also called a Paasche index) changes the quantities each year to reflect changes in spending h
In general, a base year index will overestimate inflation, while a chained index will understimate inflation.
Sometimes, a geometric mean between the two is used.
and services.

ervices purchased by wage earners in urban areas.

n that involve changes in the quality of the goods.
h has its own value.

each of its important features and components,

se to changes in relative prices.)

sets the quantities of goods at that base year.
eflect changes in spending habits.
erstimate inflation.
From: ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt
In the USA, CPI figures are prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the United States Department of Labor.
1/18/2006, All Urban Consumers - (CPI-U), U.S. city average, 1982-84=100
Price       Price         Value of    Value of
compared compared 2009 Dollar 2005 Dollar
Year         CPI      to 2009     to 2005       (100/CPI)   (100/CPI)
2009        214.5       100.0       109.8            1.00         0.91
2008        215.3       100.4       110.2            1.00         0.91           16
2007        207.3        96.6       106.2            1.03         0.94

Cost of \$1 in 2009 dollars
2006        201.6        94.0       103.2            1.06         0.97           14
2005        195.3        91.0       100.0            1.10         1.00
12
2004        188.9        88.1        96.7            1.14         1.03
2003        184.0        85.8        94.2            1.17         1.06           10
2002        179.9        83.9        92.1            1.19         1.09
2001        177.1        82.5        90.7            1.21         1.10            8
2000        172.2        80.3        88.2            1.25         1.13
1999        166.6        77.7        85.3            1.29         1.17            6
1998        163.0        76.0        83.5            1.32         1.20
1997        160.5        74.8        82.2            1.34         1.22            4
1996        156.9        73.1        80.3            1.37         1.24
1995        152.4        71.0        78.0            1.41         1.28            2
1994        148.2        69.1        75.9            1.45         1.32
1993        144.5        67.4        74.0            1.48         1.35            0
1992        140.3        65.4        71.8            1.53         1.39             1930         1950
1991        136.2        63.5        69.7            1.58         1.43
1990        130.7        60.9        66.9            1.64         1.49
1989        124.0        57.8        63.5            1.73         1.58
1988        118.3        55.1        60.6            1.81         1.65
1987        113.6        53.0        58.2            1.89         1.72            100
1986        109.6        51.1        56.1            1.96         1.78
1985        107.6        50.2        55.1            1.99         1.82
Cost of \$1 in 2005 dollars

1984        103.9        48.4        53.2            2.06         1.88
1983         99.6        46.4        51.0            2.15         1.96
1982         96.5        45.0        49.4            2.22         2.02
1981         90.9        42.4        46.5            2.36         2.15
1980         82.4        38.4        42.2            2.60         2.37
1979         72.6        33.8        37.2            2.96         2.69
10
1978         65.2        30.4        33.4            3.29         3.00
1977         60.6        28.2        31.0            3.54         3.22
1976         56.9        26.5        29.1            3.77         3.43
1975         53.8        25.1        27.5            3.99         3.63
1974         49.3        23.0        25.2            4.35         3.96
1973         44.4        20.7        22.7            4.83         4.40
1972         41.8        19.5        21.4            5.13         4.67
1971         40.5        18.9        20.7            5.30         4.82
1
1970         38.8        18.1        19.9            5.53         5.03
1910      1930
1969         36.7        17.1        18.8            5.85         5.32
1968         34.8        16.2        17.8            6.16         5.61
1967         33.4        15.6        17.1            6.42         5.85
1966         32.4        15.1        16.6            6.62         6.03
1965   31.5   14.7   16.1    6.81    6.20
1964   31.0   14.4   15.9    6.92    6.30
1963   30.6   14.3   15.7    7.01    6.38
1962   30.2   14.1   15.5    7.10    6.47
1961   29.9   13.9   15.3    7.18    6.53
1960   29.6   13.8   15.2    7.25    6.60
1959   29.1   13.6   14.9    7.37    6.71
1958   28.9   13.5   14.8    7.42    6.76
1957   28.1   13.1   14.4    7.63    6.95
1956   27.2   12.7   13.9    7.89    7.18
1955   26.8   12.5   13.7    8.01    7.29
1954   26.9   12.5   13.8    7.98    7.26
1953   26.7   12.4   13.7    8.04    7.31
1952   26.5   12.4   13.6    8.10    7.37
1951   26.0   12.1   13.3    8.25    7.51
1950   24.1   11.2   12.3    8.90    8.10
1949   23.8   11.1   12.2    9.01    8.21
1948   24.1   11.2   12.3    8.90    8.10
1947   22.3   10.4   11.4    9.62    8.76
1946   19.5    9.1   10.0   11.00   10.02
1945   18.0    8.4    9.2   11.92   10.85
1944   17.6    8.2    9.0   12.19   11.10
1943   17.3    8.1    8.9   12.40   11.29
1942   16.3    7.6    8.3   13.16   11.98
1941   14.7    6.9    7.5   14.59   13.29
1940   14.0    6.5    7.2   15.32   13.95
1939   13.9    6.5    7.1   15.43   14.05
1938   14.1    6.6    7.2   15.22   13.85
1937   14.4    6.7    7.4   14.90   13.56
1936   13.9    6.5    7.1   15.43   14.05
1935   13.7    6.4    7.0   15.66   14.26
1934   13.4    6.2    6.9   16.01   14.57
1933   13.0    6.1    6.7   16.50   15.02
1932   13.7    6.4    7.0   15.66   14.26
1931   15.2    7.1    7.8   14.11   12.85
1930   16.7    7.8    8.6   12.85   11.69
1929   17.1    8.0    8.8   12.55   11.42
1928   17.1    8.0    8.8   12.55   11.42
1927   17.4    8.1    8.9   12.33   11.22
1926   17.7    8.3    9.1   12.12   11.03
1925   17.5    8.2    9.0   12.26   11.16
1924   17.1    8.0    8.8   12.55   11.42
1923   17.1    8.0    8.8   12.55   11.42
1922   16.8    7.8    8.6   12.77   11.63
1921   17.9    8.3    9.2   11.99   10.91
1920   20.0    9.3   10.2   10.73    9.77
1919   17.3    8.1    8.9   12.40   11.29
1918   15.1    7.0    7.7   14.21   12.93
1917   12.8    6.0    6.6   16.76   15.26
1916   10.9    5.1    5.6   19.68   17.92
1915   10.1    4.7    5.2   21.24   19.34
1914   10.0    4.7    5.1   21.45   19.53
1913          9.9         4.6          5.1         21.67         19.73

Estimates of earlier CPI (from http://oregonstate.edu/Dept/pol_sci/fac/sahr/sahr.htm)

1900         8.8          4.1          5.1         24.38         19.57
1890         9.4          4.4          5.5         22.82         18.32
1880        10.7          5.0          6.2         20.05         16.09
1870        13.6          6.3          7.9         15.77         12.66
1860         8.7          4.1          5.1         24.66         19.79
1850         8.1          3.8          4.7         26.49         21.26
1840         9.0          4.2          5.2         23.84         19.13
1830         9.6          4.5          5.6         22.35         17.94
1820        12.2          5.7          7.1         17.59         14.11
1810        12.8          6.0          7.4         16.76         13.45
1800        13.1          6.1          7.6         16.38         13.15
1780        14.3          6.7          8.3         15.00         12.04
1760         8.3          3.9          4.8         25.85         20.75
1740         5.7          2.7          3.3         37.64         30.21
1720         6.6          3.1          3.8         32.51         26.09
1700         8.1          3.8          4.7         26.49         21.26
1680         9.5          4.4          5.5         22.58         18.13
1665         9.2          4.3          5.3         23.32         18.72

Estimates of earlier CPI (http://minneapolisfed.org/Research/data/us/calc/hist1800.cfm)
1912         10.3           4.8         6.0        20.85         16.74
1911         10.7           5.0         6.2        20.13         16.16
1910         10.7           5.0         6.2        20.13         16.16
1909         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1908         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1907         10.7           5.0         6.2        20.13         16.16
1906         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1905         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1904         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1903         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1902         11.5           5.3         6.7        18.69         15.00
1901         11.9           5.6         6.9        17.97         14.43
1900         11.9           5.6         6.9        17.97         14.43
1899         11.9           5.6         6.9        17.97         14.43
1898         11.9           5.6         6.9        17.97         14.43
1897         11.9           5.6         6.9        17.97         14.43
1896         11.9           5.6         6.9        17.97         14.43
1895         11.9           5.6         6.9        17.97         14.43
1894         11.5           5.3         6.7        18.69         15.00
1893         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1892         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1891         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1890         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1889         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1888         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1887         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1886         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1885         11.1           5.2         6.4        19.41         15.58
1884   11.1   5.2   6.4   19.41   15.58
1883   10.7   5.0   6.2   20.13   16.16
1882   10.3   4.8   6.0   20.85   16.74
1881   10.3   4.8   6.0   20.85   16.74
1880   10.3   4.8   6.0   20.85   16.74
1879   10.7   5.0   6.2   20.13   16.16
1878   10.3   4.8   6.0   20.85   16.74
1877    9.3   4.3   5.4   23.01   18.47
1876    9.3   4.3   5.4   23.01   18.47
1875    9.0   4.2   5.3   23.73   19.04
1874    8.8   4.1   5.1   24.44   19.62
1873    8.3   3.9   4.8   25.88   20.77
1872    8.3   3.9   4.8   25.88   20.77
1871    8.3   3.9   4.8   25.88   20.77
1870    7.9   3.7   4.6   27.32   21.93
1869    7.5   3.5   4.3   28.76   23.08
1868    7.5   3.5   4.3   28.76   23.08
1867    7.1   3.3   4.1   30.20   24.24
1866    6.8   3.2   3.9   31.63   25.39
1865    6.5   3.0   3.8   33.07   26.55
1864    6.3   3.0   3.7   33.79   27.12
1863    8.1   3.8   4.7   26.60   21.35
1862    9.9   4.6   5.8   21.57   17.31
1861   11.1   5.2   6.4   19.41   15.58
1860   11.1   5.2   6.4   19.41   15.58
1859   11.1   5.2   6.4   19.41   15.58
1858   11.5   5.3   6.7   18.69   15.00
1857   10.7   5.0   6.2   20.13   16.16
1856   11.1   5.2   6.4   19.41   15.58
1855   10.7   5.0   6.2   20.13   16.16
1854   11.1   5.2   6.4   19.41   15.58
1853   11.9   5.6   6.9   17.97   14.43
1852   11.9   5.6   6.9   17.97   14.43
1851   11.9   5.6   6.9   17.97   14.43
1850   11.9   5.6   6.9   17.97   14.43
1849   11.9   5.6   6.9   17.97   14.43
1848   11.5   5.3   6.7   18.69   15.00
1847   10.7   5.0   6.2   20.13   16.16
1846   11.1   5.2   6.4   19.41   15.58
1845   10.7   5.0   6.2   20.13   16.16
1844   10.7   5.0   6.2   20.13   16.16
1843   10.7   5.0   6.2   20.13   16.16
1842   10.3   4.8   6.0   20.85   16.74
1841    9.6   4.5   5.6   22.29   17.89
1840    9.9   4.6   5.8   21.57   17.31
1839    9.3   4.3   5.4   23.01   18.47
1838    9.3   4.3   5.4   23.01   18.47
1837    8.8   4.1   5.1   24.44   19.62
1836    9.0   4.2   5.3   23.73   19.04
1835    9.6   4.5   5.6   22.29   17.89
1834    9.9   4.6   5.8   21.57   17.31
1833   10.3   4.8   6.0   20.85   16.74
1832   9.9   4.6   5.8   21.57   17.31
1831   9.3   4.3   5.4   23.01   18.47
1830   9.3   4.3   5.4   23.01   18.47
1829   9.3   4.3   5.4   23.01   18.47
1828   9.0   4.2   5.3   23.73   19.04
1827   8.8   4.1   5.1   24.44   19.62
1826   8.8   4.1   5.1   24.44   19.62
1825   8.8   4.1   5.1   24.44   19.62
1824   9.0   4.2   5.3   23.73   19.04
1823   8.3   3.9   4.8   25.88   20.77
1822   7.5   3.5   4.3   28.76   23.08
1821   7.5   3.5   4.3   28.76   23.08
1820   7.1   3.3   4.1   30.20   24.24
1819   6.5   3.0   3.8   33.07   26.55
1818   6.5   3.0   3.8   33.07   26.55
1817   6.2   2.9   3.6   34.51   27.70
1816   5.9   2.7   3.4   36.67   29.43
1815   5.4   2.5   3.2   39.54   31.74
1814   4.7   2.2   2.8   45.29   36.36
1813   5.1   2.4   3.0   41.70   33.47
1812   5.9   2.7   3.4   36.67   29.43
1811   6.0   2.8   3.5   35.95   28.85
1810   6.3   3.0   3.7   33.79   27.12
1809   6.3   3.0   3.7   33.79   27.12
1808   6.2   2.9   3.6   34.51   27.70
1807   6.8   3.2   3.9   31.63   25.39
1806   6.3   3.0   3.7   33.79   27.12
1805   6.6   3.1   3.9   32.35   25.97
1804   6.6   3.1   3.9   32.35   25.97
1803   6.6   3.1   3.9   32.35   25.97
1802   6.9   3.2   4.0   30.92   24.81
1801   6.0   2.8   3.5   35.95   28.85
1800   5.9   2.7   3.4   36.67   29.43
Department of Labor.

1970          1990          2010      2030

Year

1950      1970         1990      2010    2030
Year
From the Commerce Department's Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov
Note that the value of the dollar from this "chained index" will differ from the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which
is a "base year" index, due to changes in the quantities of goods purchased and produced.
GDP in billions GDP in billions          Value of dollar         % Change in    % Change in
of current     of chained 2005 relative to chained GDP (current              GDP (chained
Year           dollars            dollars            2005 dollar              dollars)    2005 dollars)
2009           14,119.0           12,880.6                   0.912              -1.7%           -2.6%
2008           14,369.1           13,228.8                   0.921               2.2%            0.0%
2007           14,061.8           13,228.9                   0.941               4.9%            1.9%
2006           13,398.9           12,976.2                   0.968               6.0%            2.7%
2005           12,638.4           12,638.4                   1.000               6.5%            3.1%
2004           11,867.8           12,263.8                   1.033               6.5%            3.6%
2003           11,142.1           11,840.7                   1.063               4.7%            2.5%
2002           10,642.3           11,553.0                   1.086               3.5%            1.8%
2001           10,286.2           11,347.2                   1.103               3.4%            1.1%
2000            9,951.5           11,226.0                   1.128               6.4%            4.1%
1999            9,353.5           10,779.8                   1.152               6.4%            4.8%
1998            8,793.5           10,283.5                   1.169               5.5%            4.4%
1997            8,332.4            9,854.3                   1.183               6.3%            4.5%
1996            7,838.5            9,433.9                   1.204               5.7%            3.7%
1995            7,414.7            9,093.7                   1.226               4.7%            2.5%
1994            7,085.2            8,870.7                   1.252               6.3%            4.1%
1993            6,667.4            8,523.4                   1.278               5.1%            2.9%
1992            6,342.3            8,287.1                   1.307               5.8%            3.4%
1991            5,992.1            8,015.1                   1.338               3.3%           -0.2%
1990            5,800.5            8,033.9                   1.385               5.8%            1.9%
1989            5,482.1            7,885.9                   1.438               7.5%            3.6%
1988            5,100.4            7,613.9                   1.493               7.7%            4.1%
1987            4,736.4            7,313.3                   1.544               6.2%            3.2%
1986            4,460.1            7,086.5                   1.589               5.8%            3.5%
1985            4,217.5            6,849.3                   1.624               7.3%            4.1%
1984            3,930.9            6,577.1                   1.673              11.2%            7.2%
1983            3,534.6            6,136.2                   1.736               8.6%            4.5%
1982            3,253.2            5,870.9                   1.805               4.0%           -1.9%
1981            3,126.8            5,987.2                   1.915              12.1%            2.5%
1980            2,788.1            5,839.0                   2.094               8.8%           -0.3%
1979            2,562.2            5,855.0                   2.285              11.7%            3.1%
1978            2,293.8            5,677.6                   2.475              13.0%            5.6%
1977            2,030.1            5,377.7                   2.649              11.3%            4.6%
1976            1,824.6            5,141.3                   2.818              11.4%            5.4%
1975            1,637.7            4,879.5                   2.979               9.2%           -0.2%
1974            1,499.5            4,889.9                   3.261               8.5%           -0.6%
1973            1,382.3            4,917.0                   3.557              11.7%            5.8%
1972            1,237.9            4,647.7                   3.755               9.9%            5.3%
1971            1,126.8            4,413.3                   3.917               8.5%            3.4%
1970            1,038.3            4,269.9                   4.112               5.5%            0.2%
1969              984.4            4,261.8                   4.329               8.2%            3.1%
1968              909.8            4,133.4                   4.543               9.3%            4.8%
1967              832.4            3,942.5                   4.736               5.7%            2.5%
1966              787.7            3,845.3                   4.882               9.5%            6.5%
1965              719.1            3,610.1                   5.020               8.4%            6.4%
1964              663.6            3,392.3                   5.112               7.4%            5.8%
1963   617.8   3,206.7    5.191     5.5%     4.4%
1962   585.7   3,072.4    5.246     7.5%     6.1%
1961   544.8   2,896.9    5.317     3.5%     2.3%
1960   526.4   2,830.9    5.378     3.9%     2.5%
1959   506.6   2,762.5    5.453     8.4%     7.2%
1958   467.2   2,577.6    5.517     1.3%    -0.9%
1957   461.1   2,601.1    5.641     5.4%     2.0%
1956   437.4   2,549.7    5.829     5.5%     2.0%
1955   414.7   2,500.3    6.029     9.0%     7.2%
1954   380.4   2,332.4    6.131     0.3%    -0.6%
1953   379.3   2,347.2    6.188     5.9%     4.6%
1952   358.3   2,243.9    6.263     5.6%     3.8%
1951   339.3   2,161.1    6.369    15.5%     7.7%
1950   293.7   2,006.0    6.830     9.9%     8.7%
1949   267.2   1,844.7    6.904    -0.7%    -0.5%
1948   269.1   1,854.2    6.890    10.2%     4.4%
1947   244.1   1,776.1    7.276     9.9%    -0.9%
1946   222.2   1,792.2    8.066    -0.4%   -10.9%
1945   223.0   2,012.4    9.024     1.5%    -1.1%
1944   219.8   2,035.2    9.259    10.7%     8.1%
1943   198.6   1,883.1    9.482    22.7%    16.4%
1942   161.9   1,618.2    9.995    27.8%    18.5%
1941   126.7   1,366.1   10.782    25.0%    17.1%
1940   101.4   1,166.9   11.508    10.0%     8.8%
1939    92.2   1,072.8   11.636     7.1%     8.1%
1938    86.1     992.6   11.528    -6.3%    -3.4%
1937    91.9   1,028.0   11.186     9.7%     5.1%
1936    83.8     977.9   11.669    14.3%    13.1%
1935    73.3     865.0   11.801    11.1%     8.9%
1934    66.0     794.4   12.036    17.0%    10.9%
1933    56.4     716.4   12.702    -3.9%    -1.3%
1932    58.7     725.8   12.365   -23.3%   -13.1%
1931    76.5     834.9   10.914   -16.1%    -6.5%
1930    91.2     892.8    9.789   -12.0%    -8.6%
1929   103.6     977.0    9.431
e Index (CPI), which

CPI,      GDP in billions  % Change in
adjusted to   of base year   GDP (base year
2005 dollars  2005 dollars    2005 dollars)
1.098        12,853.0           -1.4%
1.102        13,034.1           -1.6%
1.062        13,245.1            2.0%
1.032        12,980.2            2.7%
1.000        12,638.4            3.0%
0.967        12,269.9            3.8%
0.942        11,826.4            2.4%
0.921        11,553.3            1.9%
0.907        11,343.3            0.5%
0.882        11,286.5            2.9%
0.853        10,964.8            4.1%
0.835        10,536.0            3.9%
0.822        10,139.1            3.9%
0.803         9,756.9            2.7%
0.780         9,501.9            1.8%
0.759         9,337.0            3.6%
0.740         9,011.4            2.1%
0.718         8,828.6            2.8%
0.697         8,592.2           -0.9%
0.669         8,667.5            0.4%
0.635         8,634.3            2.5%
0.606         8,420.2            3.4%
0.582         8,142.8            2.5%
0.561         7,947.6            3.8%
0.551         7,655.0            3.6%
0.532         7,388.9            6.6%
0.510         6,930.8            5.3%
0.494         6,583.9           -2.0%
0.465         6,718.0            1.7%
0.422         6,608.2           -4.1%
0.372         6,892.5            0.3%
0.334         6,870.8            5.0%
0.310         6,542.6            4.5%
0.291         6,262.6            5.3%
0.275         5,945.0            0.1%
0.252         5,940.2           -2.3%
0.227         6,080.3            5.1%
0.214         5,783.8            6.4%
0.207         5,433.7            4.0%
0.199         5,226.3           -0.2%
0.188         5,238.5            2.6%
0.178         5,105.9            4.9%
0.171         4,867.3            2.5%
0.166         4,748.1            6.5%
0.161         4,458.4            6.6%
0.159         4,180.7            6.0%
0.157   3,943.0     4.1%
0.155   3,787.7     6.4%
0.153   3,558.5     2.5%
0.152   3,473.2     2.2%
0.149   3,400.0     7.7%
0.148   3,157.2    -1.5%
0.144   3,204.7     2.0%
0.139   3,140.6     3.9%
0.137   3,022.0     9.4%
0.138   2,761.8    -0.5%
0.137   2,774.4     5.1%
0.136   2,640.6     3.6%
0.133   2,548.7     7.1%
0.123   2,380.1     8.5%
0.122   2,192.6     0.5%
0.123   2,180.7     2.0%
0.114   2,137.8    -3.9%
0.100   2,225.4    -8.0%
0.092   2,419.6    -0.8%
0.090   2,439.0     8.8%
0.089   2,242.0    15.6%
0.083   1,939.8    15.2%
0.075   1,683.3    19.0%
0.072   1,414.5     9.2%
0.071   1,295.4     8.6%
0.072   1,192.6    -4.3%
0.074   1,246.4     5.9%
0.071   1,177.4    12.7%
0.070   1,044.9     8.6%
0.069     961.9    13.5%
0.067     847.3     1.3%
0.070     836.8   -14.9%
0.078     982.9    -7.8%
0.086   1,066.5    -9.9%
0.088   1,183.2
Column C comes from the CPI worksheet
Column D comes from the GDP spreadsheet                    Average Difference =     0.25%

Value of dollar    Chained CPI Annual       Chained
relative to chained    1983    Inflation       Annual
Year      CPI          2005 dollar       index      Rate      Inflation Rate Difference
2009     214.5                  0.912     190.3       -0.4%           0.9%      -1.27%
2008     215.3                  0.921     188.6        3.8%           2.2%       1.65%
2007     207.3                  0.941     184.5        2.8%           2.9%      -0.09%
2006     201.6                  0.968     179.3        3.2%           3.3%      -0.03%
2005     195.3                  1.000     173.6        3.4%           3.3%       0.05%
2004     188.9                  1.033     168.0        2.7%           2.8%      -0.18%
2003     184.0                  1.063     163.4        2.3%           2.2%       0.13%
2002     179.9                  1.086     159.9        1.6%           1.6%      -0.04%
2001     177.1                  1.103     157.4        2.8%           2.3%       0.59%
2000     172.2                  1.128     153.9        3.4%           2.2%       1.20%
1999     166.6                  1.152     150.6        2.2%           1.5%       0.74%
1998     163.0                  1.169     148.4        1.6%           1.1%       0.43%
1997     160.5                  1.183     146.8        2.3%           1.8%       0.53%
1996     156.9                  1.204     144.2        3.0%           1.9%       1.05%
1995     152.4                  1.226     141.6        2.8%           2.1%       0.75%
1994     148.2                  1.252     138.7        2.6%           2.1%       0.45%
1993     144.5                  1.278     135.8        3.0%           2.2%       0.78%
1992     140.3                  1.307     132.9        3.0%           2.4%       0.64%
1991     136.2                  1.338     129.8        4.2%           3.5%       0.66%
1990     130.7                  1.385     125.3        5.4%           3.9%       1.54%
1989     124.0                  1.438     120.7        4.8%           3.8%       1.04%
1988     118.3                  1.493     116.3        4.1%           3.4%       0.70%
1987     113.6                  1.544     112.4        3.6%           2.9%       0.75%
1986     109.6                  1.589     109.3        1.9%           2.2%      -0.35%
1985     107.6                  1.624     106.9        3.6%           3.0%       0.53%
1984     103.9                  1.673     103.8        4.3%           3.8%       0.56%
1983      99.6                  1.736     100.0        3.2%           4.0%      -0.74%
1982      96.5                  1.805      96.2        6.2%           6.1%       0.06%
1981      90.9                  1.915      90.7      10.3%            9.4%       0.94%
1980      82.4                  2.094      82.9      13.5%            9.1%       4.38%
1979      72.6                  2.285      76.0      11.3%            8.3%       3.03%
1978      65.2                  2.475      70.1        7.6%           7.0%       0.57%
1977      60.6                  2.649      65.5        6.5%           6.4%       0.13%
1976      56.9                  2.818      61.6        5.8%           5.7%       0.02%
1975      53.8                  2.979      58.3        9.1%           9.4%      -0.32%
1974      49.3                  3.261      53.2      11.0%            9.1%       1.96%
1973      44.4                  3.557      48.8        6.2%           5.5%       0.67%
1972      41.8                  3.755      46.2        3.2%           4.3%      -1.11%
1971      40.5                  3.917      44.3        4.4%           5.0%      -0.62%
1970      38.8                  4.112      42.2        5.7%           5.3%       0.45%
1969      36.7                  4.329      40.1        5.5%           4.9%       0.52%
1968      34.8                  4.543      38.2        4.2%           4.3%      -0.06%
1967      33.4                  4.736      36.7        3.1%           3.1%       0.02%
1966      32.4                  4.882      35.6        2.9%           2.8%       0.02%
1965      31.5                  5.020      34.6        1.6%           1.8%      -0.21%
1964      31.0                  5.112      34.0        1.3%           1.5%      -0.23%
1963   30.6    5.191   33.4    1.3%     1.1%    0.26%
1962   30.2    5.246   33.1    1.0%     1.4%   -0.36%
1961   29.9    5.317   32.6    1.0%     1.1%   -0.12%
1960   29.6    5.378   32.3    1.7%     1.4%    0.32%
1959   29.1    5.453   31.8    0.7%     1.2%   -0.48%
1958   28.9    5.517   31.5    2.8%     2.2%    0.60%
1957   28.1    5.641   30.8    3.3%     3.3%   -0.03%
1956   27.2    5.829   29.8    1.5%     3.4%   -1.94%
1955   26.8    6.029   28.8   -0.4%     1.7%   -2.07%
1954   26.9    6.131   28.3    0.7%     0.9%   -0.18%
1953   26.7    6.188   28.1    0.8%     1.2%   -0.45%
1952   26.5    6.263   27.7    1.9%     1.7%    0.22%
1951   26.0    6.369   27.3    7.9%     7.2%    0.65%
1950   24.1    6.830   25.4    1.3%     1.1%    0.18%
1949   23.8    6.904   25.1   -1.2%    -0.2%   -1.05%
1948   24.1    6.890   25.2    8.1%     5.6%    2.47%
1947   22.3    7.276   23.9   14.4%    10.9%    3.51%
1946   19.5    8.066   21.5    8.3%    11.9%   -3.55%
1945   18.0    9.024   19.2    2.3%     2.6%   -0.33%
1944   17.6    9.259   18.7    1.7%     2.4%   -0.67%
1943   17.3    9.482   18.3    6.1%     5.4%    0.72%
1942   16.3    9.995   17.4   10.9%     7.9%    3.01%
1941   14.7   10.782   16.1    5.0%     6.7%   -1.73%
1940   14.0   11.508   15.1    0.7%     1.1%   -0.39%
1939   13.9   11.636   14.9   -1.4%    -0.9%   -0.50%
1938   14.1   11.528   15.1   -2.1%    -3.0%    0.89%
1937   14.4   11.186   15.5    3.6%     4.3%   -0.72%
1936   13.9   11.669   14.9    1.5%     1.1%    0.33%
1935   13.7   11.801   14.7    2.2%     2.0%    0.24%
1934   13.4   12.036   14.4    3.1%     5.5%   -2.45%
1933   13.0   12.702   13.7   -5.1%    -2.7%   -2.45%
1932   13.7   12.365   14.0   -9.9%   -11.7%    1.87%
1931   15.2   10.914   15.9   -9.0%   -10.3%    1.32%
1930   16.7    9.789   17.7   -2.3%    -3.7%    1.33%
1929   17.1    9.431   18.4
250
CPI
200          Chained 1983 index
Inflation Index

150

100

50

0
1970    1980           1990    2000   2010
Year

15%
CPI Annual Inflation Rate

10%

5%

0%

-5%

-10%
1930   1950            1970   1990   2010
Year

```
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