; Apparent Thermal Coefficient of Expansion of Concrete Building with Restraint
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Apparent Thermal Coefficient of Expansion of Concrete Building with Restraint

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The expansion coefficient of a four-story open reinforced concrete parking structure subjected to wide temperature variation was measured. The structure consists of a waffle-slab floor system with regularly placed columns and measures 52.42 x 71.32 m (172 x 234 ft). An expansion joint was instrumented and monitored for 4.5 years. The joint was instrumented using four vibrating wire displacement transducers with integrated temperature sensors. Transducer measurements were recorded hourly. A description of the instrumentation and monitoring results is presented, including annual, seasonal, and daily ranges of movement and the corresponding values of the apparent coefficient of thermal expansion (ACTE) of the constructed structure in service. In general, it was found that values of the annual ACTE were primarily dependent on the degree of restraint and, to a lesser extent, temperature. The measured ACTE ranged from 0.000586 to 0.0793% per 100C (0.00032 to 0.044% per 100F), depending on the temperature and imposed structural restraint. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

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									 ACI MATERIALS JOURNAL                                                                                 TECHNICAL PAPER
Title no. 109-M07

Apparent Thermal Coefficient of Expansion of Concrete
Building with Restraint
by Magued Iskander, Saumil Parikh, and Walid Aboumoussa

The expansion coefficient of a four-story open reinforced concrete                 The accurate determination of movements and stresses in
parking structure subjected to w
								
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