George “Daddy” H. W. Bush

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					    President
George H. W. Bush
 (1924-Present)



 Period 5 AP U.S. History
                    Background/Family
•   Full Name: George Herbert Walker Bush
•   He was born on June 12, 1924 in Milton,
    Massachusetts. His family moved to
    Greenwich, Connecticut shortly after his
    birth.
•   His father, Prescott Bush, became
    Connecticut’s senator.
•   On his 18th birthday, George enlisted in the
    armed forces, becoming the country’s
    youngest commissioned pilot.
•   He also served in the World War II on 58
    missions from 1942 to 1945. He was
    awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
•   After the war he studied economics at Yale
    University.
•   In 1951 he created the Bush-Overby Oil
    Development, an oil-drilling business in
    Texas.
•   In addition to that, he joined Thomas J.
    Devine, a former CIA officer, to create
    Zapata Oil.
Background/Family Cont.
            •   George Bush married Barbara
                Pierce on January 6, 1945, only
                weeks after his return from the
                Pacific.
            •   The couple produced the following
                children:
                - George Walker Bush (born 1946)
                - Pauline Robinson Bush ("Robin",
                1949–1953, died of leukemia)
                - John Ellis "Jeb" Bush (born
                1953)
                - Neil Mallon Bush (born 1955)
                - Marvin Pierce Bush (born 1956)
                - Dorothy Bush Koch (born 1959)
                        Rise to Presidency
•   Bush started his political career in 1964
    as Chairman of the Republican Party and
    later then involved into making policies
    and made him aim for a US Senate seat
    from Texas.
•   Bush was later elected to a House
    Representative Seat from the 7th district of
    Texas over Democratic Briscoe in 1966.
•   During his Representative Seat he was
    later given the head of House Ways and
    Means Committee where he voted to
    abolish the military draft. After his first
    term he was later re-elected in 1968.
•   During his second and last term, Bush
    lost in 1970 for his 3rd term against
    Bentsen, a Democrat.
•   After his loss in 1970, Nixon appointed
    him Ambassador to the United Nations.
Rise to Presidency cont.
            •   In 1980, Bush decided to run for
                president in the 1980 election
                against Ronald Reagan. Although
                he lost in the election of 1980,
                Reagan appointed Bush as his vice
                president.
            •   When Reagan was shot in 1981,
                Bush was second in command for
                the country and had 2 tasks from
                Reagan on deregulation and drug
                smuggling.
            •   Towards the end of Reagan and
                Bush’s first term they decided to run
                again as a team for Presidency and
                Vice Presidency.
            •   After Raegan’s second term Bush
                decided to run for president in the
                1988 campaign.
Political
     •   George H.W. Bush served two terms as
         a Representative to Congress from
         Texas in 1964.
     •   George had also been appointed to a
         series of high-level positions like
         Ambassador to the United Nations,
         Chairman of the Republican National
         Committee, Chief of the U. S. Liaison
         Office in the People's Republic of China,
         and Director of the Central Intelligence
         Agency.
     •   George was also a Vice President for
         Ronald Regan.
     •    During 1988 Bush campaigned for
         Republican nomination for president and
         won.
     •   President Bush sent American troops into
         Panama to overthrow the corrupt regime
         of General Manuel Noriega.
     •   When Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
         invaded Kuwait, then threatened to move
         into Saudi Arabia, Bush had taken drastic
         measures and also vowing to free Kuwait
         had sent 425,000 troops and with 118,00
         allied forces and 100 hrs of land combat,
         had started Operation Desert Storm.
                                  Intellectual
•   In his early childhood years, in 1942 George
    attended, Phillips Academy in Andover and
    achieved many leaderships positions.
•   At the age of 18 Bush enlisted in the armed
    forces and became a naval aviator.
•   While Bush was enlisted he flew 58 combat
    missions, on one of his missions over the
    Pacific he was shot down by a Japanese
    Antiaircraft fire and was rescued by a U.S.
    Submarine.
•   George H.W. Bush was awarded the
    Distinguished Flying Cross for his bravery in
    action.
•    He had attended Yale University and was
    part of the accelerated program.
•   At Yale he excelled in sports and studies.
    Bush was also captain of his baseball team.
•   Also was a part of a fraternity Delta Kappa
    Epsilon and was also a member of the Phi
    Beta Kappa
•   He was initiated into the Skull and Bones
    Society
•   Graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and
    degree in economics.
Religion
    • George H.W. Bush’s
      religion is a
      Episcopalian.
      - Episcopalian is
      defined as pertaining
      or adhering to the
      Episcopal Church in
      America
                   Arts/ Culture
• Born in Milton
  Massachusetts, family
  moved to Greenwich
  Connecticut
• George H.W. Bush came
  from a family who had a
  tradition of public service.
• After attending Yale
  University he had started
  a career in the Oil
  Industry and had moved
  his family to West Texas.
                                  Economic
•   After Ronald Regan's presidency he left the US in national debt, and as George H.W. Bush was
    taking office he vowed to getting rid of the debt.
•   Although during his presidential campaign, Bush had promised not to have any new taxes, “Read
    my lips: no new taxes.” With the deficit growing 3 times larger than it was in the 1980s and
    amounting to $220 billion in debt by the 1990’s. Bush had to resort to raising taxes, which led to
    a downfall of the number of his supporters.
•   America also had landed in a mild recession, that had lasted for 6 months, and the
    unemployment rate had gone up, Bush had also signed a bill proposing for additional benefits for
    unemployed workers.
                                 Social
•   After his, “Read my Lips: no new
    taxes” statement was justified as
    a lie, after taxes had been raised
    to help our national debt many
    people had disapproved of him
    as president.
•   Bush after his presidency, had
    been awarded with honorary
    knighthood by Queen Elizabeth
    II.
•   In 1993, Bush had visited the
    Kuwait to celebrate the
    coalitions victory over Iraq in the
    Gulf War.
             Domestic Policy Issues
•   In the beginning of his term, he faced
    economic problems due to Reagan’s
    actions in the past years. At $220 billion
    in 1990, the deficit increased three times
    its size since 1980.
•   With the Congress being dominated by
    Democrats, he began to persuade them
    to act on the budget. With the
    Republicans believing that the best way
    was to cut government spending, the
    Democrats felt that an increase in taxes
    would be a better solution. Caught
    between the two political parties, Bush
    was forced by Congress to raise tax
    revenues.
•   Bush went against his promise of “no
    new taxes,” that he made in his 1988
    campaign which caused the Republicans
    to feel betrayed.
•   Near the end of the 101st Congress, the
    president and congressional members
    reached a consensus on a budget
    package that both increased the marginal
    tax rate and phased out immunity for
    high-income taxpayers.
Domestic Policy Issues Cont.
                 • During the same time
                   as the budget deal,
                   America entered a 6-
                   month mild recession,
                   government programs
                   increased.
                 • When the
                   unemployment rate
                   increased in 1991,
                   Bush signed a bill
                   providing additional
                   benefits for
                   unemployed workers.
                Foreign Policy Issues
•   Panama – In the 1980s, a Panamanian
    leader, Manuel Noriega was accused for
    drug trafficking and racketeering so Bush
    sent troops to Panama as well as overthrow
    some of their chairmen.
•   Soviet Union – Bush met with Mikhail
    Gorbachev who was the leader of the USSR
    in hope of ending the Cold War with the
    Soviets. This meeting has been previously
    avoided but was an important step to ending
    the Cold War and a peaceful period with the
    USSR when the Strategic Arms Reduction
    Treaty was signed.
•   Persian Gulf War – When Saddam Hussein
    invaded Kuwait, the Iraqis turned to the US
    for help. An attack was launched on the US
    in which we retaliated but withdrawn before
    more problems arose. The Gulf War was
    ended and the Madrid Conference resulted
    from this.
•   NAFTA – When Bush and his administration
    took control of the NAFTA trade talks, much
    was being debated about trades and tariffs
    in the US, Canada, and Mexico. NAFTA has
    been criticized as much as defended and
    when NAFTA was finally adopted, it had
    many benefits as well as quandaries.
One Quote Says It All…
           •   “I come before you and assume
               the Presidency at a moment rich
               with promise. We live in a
               peaceful, prosperous time, but we
               can make it better. For a new
               breeze is blowing, and a world
               refreshed by freedom seems
               reborn; for in man's heart, if not in
               fact, the day of the dictator is over.
               The totalitarian era is passing, its
               old ideas blown away like leaves
               from an ancient, lifeless tree. A
               new breeze is blowing, and a
               nation refreshed by freedom
               stands ready to push on. There is
               new ground to be broken, and
               new action to be taken.”

                     - George H.W. Bush, at his
                     Inaugural Address.
         When There’s Success…
•   With great knowledge of politics Bush
    had a long career in both domestic
    politics and foreign affairs and knew
    the government bureaucracy.
•   Bush was known for his great success
    of foreign policies like the ones in
    Panama, Persian Golf War, and the
    Soviet Union.
•   The number one foreign policy that he
    made was NAFTA, this was the
    agreement between the Bush             •   In1991 Bush accomplished the Strategic
    administration and the Canadian Prime      Arms Reduction Treaty (START), signed in
    Minister Brian Mulroney to eliminate       July with Soviet president Mikhail S.
    tariffs traded among the United States     Gorbachev at their fourth summit
    and North America.                         conference, marking the end of the long
                                               weapons buildup.
•   NAFTA benefitted America because of
    its increase of 54% of economy growth •    Bush’s successful prosecution of the war to
    with 25 million new jobs created           liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation gave
                                               the benefit of U.S. as leading a grand
•   The Clean Air Act Amendments               coalition, including Arab countries which
    controlled air pollution on a national     had long distrusted the United States. This
    level.                                     experience of cooperation led to a renewal
                                               of the stalled Mideast peace process.
                     …There’s Failure
•   Bush’s main failures were focused
                                            - By having the Savings and
    on United State’s economy issues
                                            Loan Industry fail Bush had to
    because of his promise of not to
                                            compromise with Congress to
    raise taxes.
                                            have a bailout program of S&L.
•   By not raising taxes it made Bush in    Making cost payers more than
    a harder position to reduce the         $100 billion dollars, this added
    deficit of America without imposing     more difficulty in America’s
    additional taxes for the people.        economy.
•   By having no raised taxes, Bush had
    to sign the Omnibus Budget
    Reconciliation Act of 1990 which cut
    government expenditures and raised
    taxes. This is when the people of
    America felt disappointed at him
    because of his last resort of raising
    taxes.
•   Another thing on top of the economy
    was the fall of Savings and Loan
    Industry.
     President Bush in one word..
  • ERUDITE - characterized by great
    knowledge; learned or scholarly
• Having been in the political game for many years, as a
  vice president, ambassador, part of the U.S. Congress,
  and most importantly, a U.S. president, he knew how
  everything worked, and that
  resulted in his success in
  many endeavors like foreign
  and domestic policies and
  as a president.
    Worthy to Run for President Today
•   George H. W. Bush had a significant
    impact on our country’s current
    economic status. Even though Bush
    felt that he had done enough for
    economy during his term, he should’ve
    continued to work on it. If he spent
    more time on America’s economy, our
    economy would’ve not been in this
    recession that we’re currently in.
•   He would have successfully ran for
    President today, just because he was
    President not to long ago. His ideals
    on economy and taxes, would
    probably be accept by the general
    population today. However, he would
    have to make sure that his actions do
    not disrupt any ties between people,
    like what happened in his previous
    term.
Polk’s Cabinet Members
Post-Presidency
        •   After Bush’s presidency, he retired to
            his wife to their home in Houston.
        •   While visiting Kuwait to commemorate
            the end of the Gulf War, an
            assassination attempt was initiated
            without success and resulted in minor
            retaliations from both sides.
        •   The George Bush Presidential Library
            and Museum is the tenth presidential
            library was named after Bush and
            contains the presidential and vice-
            presidential papers of Bush and Dan
            Quayle.
        •   Received the Honorary Knighthood
            Order of the Bath from Queen
            Elizabeth II, the Roland Reagan
            Freedom Award, and the NIAF One
            America Award after his presidential
            term was ended.
                                    Election
•   Bush entered the presidential
    campaign of 1988.
•   Bush had been planning a presidential
    run since as early as 1985 against
    Reagan, and entered the Republican
    primary for President of the United
    States in October 1987.
•   Bush ran against Democratic nominee
    Michael Dukakis who focused mostly
    about immigration for his campaign.
•   During his campaign Bush announced
    his “thousands points of light” speech
    which stated his vision of America        - Bush beat Dukakis in the electoral college
    when he becomes president.                by 426 to 111. Bush took 53.4% of popular
•   For his campaign Bush aimed at the        votes.
    flaws toward Dukakis like his pollution   - This is when Bush became the first vice
    of the Boston Harbor during Dukakis’      president since Van Buren to win a
    government reign in Massachusetts.        president election.
                                         Bibliography
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    N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Episcopalian>.
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    <http://www.flishfun.com/blog/real-world/a-history-lesson/>.
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    <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/41_g_h_w_bush/index.html>.
•   "American Experience | George H. W. Bush | PBS." PBS. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010.
    <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bush41/more/enlarged-t_barbara_03.html>. .
•   "Asia Tomorrow." Yale Entrepreneurial Society (YES). N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.yesatyale.org/asia/sponsors.html>.
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    Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu/research/public_papers.php?id=2217&year=1990&month=9>.
•   "George H.W. Bush -- Academy of Achievement Photo Credit." Academy of Achievement Main Menu. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010.
    <http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/photocredit/achievers/bus0-012>.
•   "George H. W. Bush." Spartacus Educational - Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010.
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•   "George H. W. Bush - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010.
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    Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://equotes.wetpaint.com/page/George+H.+W.+Bush+Quot
•   "No New Taxes Hawaii." Mel's Internet Universe. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://macpro.freeshell.org/notax/>.
•   "The Malta Summit - Transcript of the Bush-Gorbachev News Conference in Malta - Text - NYTimes.com." The New York Times -
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•   http://cache3.asset-
    cache.net/xc/50462556.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=E41C9FE5C4AA0A14BB922938C2E3EB771AEECB6EC323850159D780AF1DFD
    99A9B01E70F2B3269972
•   http://pics2.city-data.com/city/maps/fr1452.png
•   http://www.piperreport.com/archives/images/Medicaid%20Budget%20Cuts.jpg
•   http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/Nafta.jpg
•   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Reagan-Bush_Nashua_1980_debate.jpg
•   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Official_portrait_of_President_Reagan_and_Vice_President_Bush_1981.jpg
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