AZTEC by dfhdhdhdhjr


									By: Mandy, Jen W.
    and Tracy
Human Sacrifice
      • The ritual of human sacrifice
        remains the Aztecs' most
        extreme divergence from
        western ideas of civilization.
      • To collect live prisoners for
        sacrifice = capture from warfare
      • Huitzilopochtli represented the
        sun, the warrior and ensured the
        Aztecs' survival –preferred
        food was human blood
         Human Sacrifice
• Aztecs believed that the
  continual offering of blood
  through human sacrifice will
  prolong the existence of the
  universe- to insure the sun's
  arrival each day, a steady
  amount of human hearts had to
  be offered in holy sacrifice .
                                    “…the men or women who were to
• They were unusual for the         sacrificed to their gods were
  extent for which they carried     thrown on their backs…A priest
  out human sacrifice as mass       then came out with a stone
                                    knife…and with this knife, he
  sacrifice was institutionalized   opened the part where the heart is
  as a political policy.            and took out the heart, without the
                                    person who was being sacrificed
                                    uttering a word…”
• Lake-bottom sediments were scooped up along
  shorelines to form narrow plots or strips of cultivable
  land called chinampas.
• Roots of the plants always have access to moisture
  provided by lake water = early form of hydroponic
• Extremely productive-
  several crops a year
• Chinampas became
  known as the
  “floating gardens” by
  Spanish settlers.
          Agriculture                        (cont.)


 Chinampas allowed Spanish explorers to bring back these
  exotic vegetables to Europe.
• They are still built and cultivated today in lake and swamp
  areas south of Mexico City.
• Chinampas are among one of the greatest achievements of the
             AZTEc calendar
• The Aztec calendar is a
  Mesoamerican calendar designed
  and used primarily by the Aztec
• It follows the basic structure of
  calendars from throughout ancient
• This calendar is recorded as a
  carving on the Aztec sun stone
  (currently on exhibit in a Museum in
  Mexico City.
• The calendar consisted of a 365
  day calendar cycle and a 260 day
  ritual cycle.
• These two cycles together formed
  a 52 year "century", sometimes
  called the "Calendar Round".
          Aztec calendar
• Every month had a name and days
  of the month were numbered from
  one to twenty except for the last
  month which was numbered only
  from one to five
• The solar calendar of 365 days
  was inseparable from the Sacred
  Round. The priests used this
  ritual calendar of 260 days for
  divine purposes.
• The method of naming the
  individual days consisted in the
  combination of twenty pictorial
  signs with the numbers one to
  thirteen. Each of the day signs
  also bears an association with one
  of the four cardinal directions.

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