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					                                                                                                                               Architecture of the
                                                                                                                               Champlain Valley

                                                                                                                                 Ticonderoga
The houses marching up the hill along Lake George
Avenue were constructed following WWI to house                                                                          Historic Ticonderoga is located at the southern end
                                                                              Adirondack Architectural Heritage
executives employed at Ticonderoga Pulp and Paper                                                                    of the great Adirondack Mountains, nestled between
                                                                             (AARCH) is the regional, nonprofit
Company. They are all in the Craftsman style which                                                                   two large lakes – Lakes Champlain and George. The
                                                                            historic preservation organization for
originated in California and is often associated with                                                                earliest recorded history begins with Samuel de
                                                                          the Adirondack Park. This tour is one
the Bungalow. It was made popular, nationwide,                                                                       Champlain’s entrance onto the waters that bear his
                                                                           of over fifty events AARCH is offering
during the early part of the century by companies such                                                               name in 1609. The town’s first settlement began with
                                                                          in our 2009 program schedule. Further
as Sears and Roebuck who offered kit homes to be                                                                     the French building their most southern territorial fort
                                                                            information is available by contacting
shipped and assembled on site. The style employed                                                                    here in 1755. The town has a rich military past with
                                                                          AARCH at 518-834-9328 or by visiting
simple lines in an asymmetrical facade, and wide                                                                     significant battles fought on these grounds during the
                                                                                our website at www.aarch.org.
overhanging eaves supported by decorative knee braces                                                                Colonial and American Revolution War eras. After the
or exposed rafter tails.                                                                                             American Civil War the economy rapidly changed
                                                                                                                     from being agriculturally based to relying more on
                                                            AARCH would like to thank Bill Dolback, President        industry and tourism. The original civilian settlement
                                                            of the Ticonderoga Historical Society, for helping to    began in the late 1700s along the northern shores of
                                                                        prepare and lead this tour.                  Lake George at the area known as Alexandria.
The Agway building (1879) is unique as the lone wood
                                                                                                                     However, the population center quickly shifted in the
frame industrial building still standing. It was built by   To learn more about Ticonderoga history contact:         early 1800s to an area located toward the last set of
Silas Moore as a grist mill serving the numerous local                   The Hancock House                           water falls along the LaChute River which empty Lake
farms. Though the building is basic in form and               Home of the Ticonderoga Historical Society             George waters into Lake Champlain. The river
fenestration, some decorative detailing represents the                       6 Moses Circle                          provided much needed water power, used to operate
architectural influences of the time. Brackets along the                      518-585-7868                           saw mills and textile factories in the earlier days, and
cornice line of the roof as well as the small shed, or                   tihistory@verizon.net                       later, pulp and paper mills. In addition, the products to
pent, roof over the store front are Italianate, a popular
                                                                                                                     come out of Ticonderoga included wool, iron, and
style that is prevalent along Montcalm Street. The door
                                                                                                                     graphite used in pencils.
on the second floor above the entrance and the pulley
                                                              This tour was made possible by                            A great fire in March 1875 destroyed most of the
                                            above it
                                                                                                                     community’s main business area along with the earliest
                                            would have
                                            been used to
                                                            funding from the Champlain Valley                        records of the town. However, the region’s economy
                                                                                                                     was booming and the area was rapidly rebuilt. Today
                                            haul items to     National Heritage Partnership.                         several of the buildings built after this fire still are
                                            and from the
                                                                                                                     functioning facilities and represent a thriving late 19th
                                            second floor,
                                                                        AARCH programs also receive generous         century commercial district. With a growing business
                                            possibly
                                                                                                                     community came the need for housing and several
                                            directly from              support from the New York State Council
                                                                                                                     examples of post WWI employee dwellings associated
                                            or onto a                   on the Arts, Architecture, Planning, and     with the Ticonderoga Pulp and Paper Company exist,
                                            wagon.                                 Design Program.                   as well as earlier, high style homes.
 WHAT TO LOOK FOR…                                           ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS, MATERIALS, STYLES, FUNCTIONS, ALTERATIONS
Built in 1926 by                                                                               Ogee                          One of the later Montcalm
Horace Moses,                                                                 A double curve, formed by the union of a       Street buildings, the
the Hancock                                                                   convex and concave line, resembling an         Ticonderoga National
House is a                                                                                    S-shape.                       Bank building (1890, 1929)
replica of John                                                                                                              strays from the Italianate
Hancock’s                                                                    This doorway has a broken ogee pediment         style, so predominant in
Beacon Hill                                                                    because it is split apart at the center.      downtown, to incorporate
home in Boston.                                                                                                              an Art Deco motif. This
The original,                                                                                                                modern style favored clean
built in 1737,                                                                                                               lines, and geometric
embodied the                                                                                                                 patterns, which were
elements of the                                             As is typical of downtown buildings, the store front level       usually presented in
Georgian style including a Gambrel roof, five bay façade,   is often renovated to accommodate incoming businesses,           shallow relief. Tall,
belt course, quoins, and pedimented doors and windows.      each trying to keep up with current design trends.               flattened surfaces were
The re-creation provides a rare view of what an early       Fortunately, the upper floors are usually spared, no major       used to emphasize
Colonial house would have looked like. Moses gave the       exterior renovation being needed for apartment or office         verticality. It is now home
house to be the home of the New York Historical             space. This is the case with the                                 to the Glens Falls National
Association, which has since relocated to Cooperstown.      Shattuck block, built in 1887, one                               Bank and Trust Company.
The building has been home to the Ticonderoga               of Ticonderoga’s most ornate
Historical Society since 1976.                              commercial buildings. The
                                                            Italianate style was employed
                                                            using paired one-over-one
                                                            windows capped by an arch or a
                                                                                                                             This stately residence is a great example of both the
                                                            flattened arch. Extensive
One of the few residences remaining on Montcalm                                                                              Italianate and Queen Anne styles. The original structure
                                                            brickwork is used to create belt
Street is this one and one half story Craftsman. It                                                                          seems to have been a two story, cross gable with paired
                                                            courses between the floors,
incorporates the shallow roof line, exposed rafter tails                                                                     brackets lining the cornice. Remodeling was done in 1891
                                                            decorative lintels over the
and front porch commonly associated with the style.                                                                          by Ticonderoga Pulp and Paper Company president,
                                                            windows, and corbelling along
Unlike typical examples, however, which are sided in
                                                            the cornice line.                                                Clayton Delano who owned the house at the time. The
clapboard, shingle, or stucco, this house is cobblestone.
This indicates a desire to represent local materials,                                                                        wrap-around porch supported by turned posts, and
leaning towards a rustic flair. The style became popular                                                                     decorative brackets and spindlework are typical Queen
nationwide following WWI, largely due to companies                                                                           Anne. The mass production of building elements and the
                                                            The Community Building (1927) displays the symmetry,             expansion of the railroad during the second half of the
such as Sears and Roebuck, who offered catalog homes
                                                            grand scale, and refined dignity of the Neoclassical style.
to be delivered by rail and assembled on site. The plans                                                                     19th century made the pieces readily available. The
                                                            Common elements include an impressive full height,
for these homes were generally rather compact and                                                                            addition of
                                                            curved, entry porch on the northern façade featuring
efficiently laid out. Their affordability and scale made                                                                     porches
                                                            paired, Ionic capitals. This is an interpretation of the Greek
them appealing to returning military and middle class                                                                        were a
                                                            Revival style of the early 19th
families.                                                                                                                    common
                                                            century. Twelve-over-twelve
Oddly, the
                                                            windows, and a hipped roof                                       way to
trend faded
                                                            hint at a colonial influence as                                  update a
out as quickly
                                                            well. The balustrade that                                        building at a
as it came, and
                                                            runs along the perimeter of                                      relatively
few Craftsman
                                                            the roof is a feature rarely                                     low cost.
style homes
                                                            found in the original designs,
were built
                                                            but is somewhat common in
after the 1930s.
                                                            Neoclassical.

				
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