Docstoc

Advanced English Grammar

Document Sample
Advanced English Grammar Powered By Docstoc
					  Teaching Reading

        CHAPTER 4:
Based on ‘PELT-Reading’
    By Neil Anderson

    Professor Rocky Nelson, 2009
  Reading for Intermediate Level
             Readers

The intermediate level reader is defined
  by the Common European Framework
 (CEF) descriptors as someone who can:

                                 p 56


                                        2
   Understand any correspondence, with
    occasional dictionary use
   Understand in detail lengthy, complex texts,
    providing they can reread difficult parts
   Read almost anything with ease
   Read with ease almost all forms of written
    language
   Appreciate subtle distinctions and implicit
    as well as explicit meaning
                                         p 90

                                                   3
            Syllabus Design Issues
                  4 Design Questions
1.   What drives the syllabus: textbook or school
     curriculum?
2.   Does it move the reader further along the
     learning/reading continuum?]
3.   Does it provide more authentic texts and academic
     materials?
4.   Does it integrate reading with other language skills?
                                                p 93-94
                                                         5
       3) Principles for Teaching
          Advanced Learners
1.   Integrate reading with other language skills
2.   Study academic vocabulary
3.   Focus on academic reading strategies
4.   Teach how reading on the computer is
     different from print
5.   Made sure they are reading fluently
                                         p 95

                                                6
Place Reading at the Core of
        Other Skills

Integrate other skills by providing
purposes for reading. Tasks based on,
   or that expand from the reading
               material.
                               p 96



                                        7
Improve Vocabulary Skills with
Academic Vocabulary Instruction
 Specialized vocabulary plays an important
              role at this level:

            Academic Words
            Profession Words
            Technical Words
           Work Related Words
                                    p 97
                                             8
 Focus on Academic Reading Strategies
       for Learner Responsibility

Students must be proactively responsible
  for their own learning. Teach advanced
  readers, academic strategies for them
  to use for various needs.

 [Gunderson’s List]
                                  p 98
                                         9
10
Teach How Reading on the Internet is
   Different from Reading Printed
              Materials
There are similarities and differences, but
print literacy does NOT necessarily transfer
              to digital literacy.

  How will we train readers about the
             differences?
                                     p 101

                                             11
Online Survey of Reading Strategies
   It is essential to teach ONLINE reading
                     strategies.

   The online reading strategies survey can
   pinpoint which (metacognitive) strategies
             are weak in the class.

             [ Survey on Page 161]

                                               12
    Ensure Advanced Level Readers are
            Reading Fluently
AUTOMATICITY THEORY: the ability to
 multitask because some tasks require no
 thought – they are “automatic”.

The more exposure to words, the less cognitive
 capacity is needed for decoding and the more
 can be used to integrate what they are reading
 with what they already know.
                                 p 101-102
                                              13
        4) Tasks and Materials

1.   Integrated Reading Tasks
2.   Vocabulary Learning Tasks
3.   Reading Strategies and Tasks
4.   Fluent Reading Tasks
                                    p 102




                                            14
   Integrated Reading Tasks
Readers must be able to make connections
   between what they are reading about,
 listening to, speaking about, and writing
                   about.

All the language skills must be integrated!
                                     p 103


                                              15
   Vocabulary Learning Tasks
Make the study of academic/professional
   vocabulary part of your syllabus.

   Master the Academic Word List.
               (AWL)
                                 p 105


                                         16
 Reading Strategies and Tasks
Use a cognitive tool like a graphic organizer
                when reading.

By creating a graphic organizer, readers can
 demonstrate that they see the relationships
       of the ideas presented in a text.

It can then be used as a tool for writing and
                speaking tasks.
                                       p 113    17
18
          Fluent Reading Tasks
           MORE READING POWER
                 Suggests four steps:
 Check your reading habits
 Skip over unknown words
 Motivate to increase reading rate
 Practice reading faster by timing yourself
Along with lots of regular practice!
[Paul Nation: speed-passages @ nelson.myfastmail.com]
                                               p 114
                                                        19
  5) Reading Inside and Outside
         the Classroom
 Meaningful   reading opportunities are
  important
 Students want to explore beyond their
  textbooks
 Expose students to more content area
  reading
                                   p 118

                                           20
   6) Assessing Advanced Readers
Students are anxious to receive input from teachers
  to know how they are doing.

Keep your assessments focused on learning
 language, NOT on CONTENT.

Many aspects to assess. Testing vocabulary is one.
[www.lexxica.com]
  [www.academicvocabularyexercises.com]     p 121
                                               21

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:5
posted:2/19/2012
language:English
pages:21