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Moving West Manifest Destiny and Winning the West Reasons for Moving West

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									Manifest Destiny and
 Winning the West
     Reasons for Moving West
1- Overpopulation of
 East
2- Cheap Land
3- Gold Discoveries
4- Cattle Ranching
 and Farming
5- Transcontinental
 Railroads
6- Religious Freedom
   - Mormons
Conestoga Wagons
    California Gold Rush
– Gold Discovery in
  California 1848
– In 1849, 30,000 would
  be miners set out
  overland
– Another 25,000 made it
  by sea
– California- 30th state
  in1850
Transcontinental Railroad




 The transcontinental railroad was completed in 1868. The
Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads met in Promontory
             Point, Utah and laid a Golden Spike
Building the Railroads
               • 12,000
                 Chinese
                 workers
               • 1,200 died
                 from
                 accidents
                 explosions,
                 avalanches
  Effects of the Railroads
1. Telegraph lines
2. Travel time went 6
   months + to 8
   days
3. Economic Growth
4. More people
   move west
5. Indian Conflicts
6. Standardiazation
   of Time
 Life on the Frontier




The Romantic View of Life
 SETTLING ON THE GREAT
        PLAINS
• Homestead Act (1862)
  which gave 160 free
  acres to settlers

• Build home, Farm
  and improve land
  for 5 years
The starting line for the first Oklahoma Land
Rush, April 22, 1889.
The Reality- A Sod
     House
DUGOUTS & SODDIES
        DUGOUT




                 SODDY
SETTLERS ENCOUNTER HARDSHIPS
                  –droughts
                  -floods
                  -fires
                  -blizzards
                  -locust
                  plagues
                  -Indian and
     LOCUST       bandit attacks
     SWARM
EXODUSTERS MOVE WEST

            After the Civil
            War, African
            Americans
            who moved
            west were
            called
            Exodusters
           INCREASED TECHNOLOGY
               HELPS FARMERS
                            • 1837 – John Deere
                                      steel plow
                            • 1847 – Cyrus McCormick
Steel Plow [“Sod Buster”]             reaping machine
                            • 1874- Joseph Glidden
                                      Barbed Wire
Land Use: 1880s
TRAILS CONNECTED TO RAILROADS
Roundup on
Texas Ranch
"Second Guard." A cowboy camp at night in the 1880's, with some
cowboys bedding down while others prepare to head out for night
duty watching over the herd. Photograph by F. M. Steele.
"Where we shine." Cowboys at the end of an 1897 roundup in Ward
County, Texas, pose with their herd of almost 2,000 cattle. By this
time, barbed wire had closed down the long cattle trails for nearly
two decades. Photographed by F. M. Steele.
   COW TOWN & THE TRAIL
• Abilene, Kansas became
  famous for being a place
  where the Chisholm Trail
  met the railroads
• Tens of thousands of            Chisholm
  cattle came from Texas          Trail
  through Oklahoma to
  Abilene via the famous
  Chisholm trail
• Once in Abilene the cattle
  would board rail cars for
  destinations across the
  country                      Chisholm
                                 Trail

								
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