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Acoustic Guitar Tablature

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                         LEGAL NOTICE


The Publisher has strived to be as accurate and complete as possible
in the creation of this report, notwithstanding the fact that he does
not warrant or represent at any time that the contents within are
accurate due to the rapidly changing nature of the Internet.

While all attempts have been made to verify information provided in
this publication, the Publisher assumes no responsibility for errors,
omissions, or contrary interpretation of the subject matter herein.
Any perceived slights of specific persons, peoples, or organizations
are unintentional.

In practical advice books, like anything else in life, there are no
guarantees of income made. Readers are cautioned to reply on their
own judgment about their individual circumstances to act
accordingly.

This book is not intended for use as a source of legal, business,
accounting or financial advice. All readers are advised to seek services



                                  -1-
of competent professionals in legal, business, accounting and finance
fields.

You are encouraged to print this book for easy reading.

         Acoustic Guitar Tablature - Is It Real Sheet Music?

As a beginner acoustic guitarist you're probably wondering whether
learning your songs from guitar tablature is as good as getting them
from "real" sheet music. Learning to play acoustic guitar is a great
adventure which is sometimes spoilt a bit by the prospect of having to
learn to read music. But for most acoustic guitar players, learning all
the symbols and theory connected with musical notation is not really
necessary.

Tablature for acoustic guitar has certain points giving it an edge over
standard music notation. Actually historians tell us that tablature was
used to record musical compositions long before conventional
notation. They don't seem to have much idea how musicians
attributed note values to compositions they has never heard played.
Maybe it wasn't an issue in the sixteenth century.
So what do you learn from tabs? Tablature shows diagrammatically
where finger positions are indicated using numbers representing the
guitar's frets along horizontal lines representing the strings. The note
G played on the first (thinnest) string is shown by the number 3
written on the top line of the tablature. Sometimes the person writing
the tablature will group the notes together to show that they are all
the same value but this is not a hard and fast rule.
Hammer-ons, string bends, pull-offs and other techniques are shown
by symbols. Each tablature writer has his own idea of the best way to
show how to play the music, and he usually includes a legend showing


                                  -2-
his symbols on each tab. With the aid of guitar tabs, you can learn
new music quickly without going to the additional trouble of learning
conventional music notation.

Despite the fact that tempo and time signatures are not included,
sometimes it's easier for the guitarist to pick up music from tablature.
The ease with which you can learn to read tablature means that your
progress on the guitar is not slowed by the need to cope with such
things as the use of alternate tunings.

Another bonus is in the ease in sharing acoustic guitar music on the
internet. Guitar tab is easily written on a computer by way of ASCII
code, which makes it easier to email or post on the web. Maybe when
you get some guitar playing experience under your belt you could try
writing some music down for yourself. A great chance to see the
difficulties facing composers for the guitar. Unfortunately debate over
copyright issues has made posting guitar tab a little bit contentious,
but you can still share tab privately by email.




                                  -3-
A lot of guitar teachers proclaim the virtues of learning to read sheet
    music. Some even think you are not a "real" musician unless you
    can read "real" music. If you have a burning desire to follow a
    career in music then the versatility given you by the ability to read
    music will be a definite advantage. But if you look at playing music
    as a way of each individual expressing themselves in their own
    unique way, then how you write your music down is not one of the
    biggest issues in your life!




A History Of Country Music
Musicians have long been playing fiddle music in the Appalachians
for years, but it wasn’t until 1927 in Bristol, Tennessee that the first
recording country music recording deal was signed. In this year,
Victor Records signed Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family.




                                   -4-
Jimmie Rodgers was born in Meridian Mississippi, in 1897. Originally
he worked on the railroads until his ill health got the better of him
and it was only during this time that he followed his earlier love of
entertaining. In 1927 he followed word that Victor Records were
setting up a portable recording studio and made his way there. He
was immediately signed and continued recording and playing music
until he died in 1933.
In 1965 he was one of the very first musicians to be added to the
Country Music Hall of Fame in 1961 along with Hank Williams and
Fred Rose. On the same day as Jimmie Rodgers signed with Victor
Records, so did the Carter Family, who would become one of the most
famous country music bands of all time. They remained with Victor
Records until 1936. Not even divorce could separate the band though
and they continued to record with Decca until 1939. Things started to
hit a rough patch at this stage and despite signing for Universal and
eventually Victor Records again, the band split in 1941.
It is widely acknowledged that that big day in 1927 was the
introduction of country music to the rest of the country. Jimmie
Rodgers and the Carter Family were met with huge critical acclaim
and became incredibly popular helping to sell a great many records.
Country music singers and bands of today will often talk about the
Carter Family or Jimmie Rodgers as being their major influence and
with very good reason.
A Music Lesson At Your Own Pace, What A Concept!
A good music lesson is simply the best way to learn how to play the
piano. This is because most people need the discipline they get from
learning how to play music in a certain sequence of time. Once you
master one lesson, you will be able to move on to the next with a great
deal of confidence as your skills start to improve. It’s this confidence
that is going to keep you wanting to play the piano and increase your
musical knowledge and ability.


                                  -5-
The piano is one of the most popular musical instruments today.
Most people who are starting out choose to play the piano because of
its diversity and simplicity. Once you learn to play the piano, you’ll be
able to pick up almost any other instrument and be able to produce
some type of quality sound.
When looking for the right style of piano to play, you should consider
how serious you are about learning. You will find some pianos are
extremely expensive, and this type of piano may not be necessary for
someone who is just starting out. Pianos do tend to hold their value,
and if you take good care of it you can probably sell it many years
later for a decent price when you are ready to replace it with
something newer.
The music of the piano can be heard almost anywhere including
clubs, schools, churches, symphonies, and at home. Once you get into
a routine for each music lesson you take, you’ll find that making time
to practice is something you look forward to.
Learning online through an online piano course is a great way to play
in your own home without having to fuss with scheduling or finding a
teacher. You decide when you want to learn your next lesson, as well
as when you have the confidence to move on to the next music lesson.
Many people are already finding out how easy it so to learn how to
play the piano on their own.
Each music lesson is designed to teach you what you need in order to
advance to the next level. All of the notes and chords for the next set
of songs are presented at the beginning of the lesson. You don’t move
forward until you feel you are ready. This means you can spend more
time on one lesson over another if you’d like. And it also means you
can go back to a lesson at any time to review what you’ve already
learned.
At Hear and Play, we know that finding the right music lesson to get
you started at learning to play the piano is the key to creating a


                                  -6-
successful new hobby or passion. We offer online learning guides and
reference tools to effectively help you learn to play music by ear.
Contact us today at http://www.hearandplay.com/ to learn more.
ABC's of the Music Industry
Music is an art, however, when it comes to the music industry Music
is about money!

If anyone or any company feels that your music will not make them
    money, there will be absolutely no interest in your music. That’s it
    in the nut shell. Remember, to always remember this. The Music
    Industry is about Money!




There are a few sources of money to be made in the music industry.
They include but are not limited to:
· Record sales
· Songs played on the radio
· In movies and television
· Concerts
· Song writing
· Producing
· Merchandising
· Advertising
· CD-ROMs/DVDs
If you are an artist and want to get into the music business, you need
3 very important very good people in your corner batting for you on a
daily basis. They include:
· Personal Manager – The most of important of the three. They
should have contacts in the music industry, keep on eye on all your


                                  -7-
affairs, advise you on things to do, help promote your music,
producers to hire, who to sign with when to go on tour, etc. The
personal manager will receive 15% and 20% of an artists gross
earnings and have good contacts with record companies A&R,
Marketing / Sales, and Promotion departments.
· Music Attorney – A good attorney specializing in the music will
know how to properly negotiate and structure the deals an artist
makes. They should have good contacts and be trust worthy. Expect
to pay between 100 and 200 per hour for a good music attorney. If an
attorney thinks you will get signed, they forego a set fee and charge a
percentage of artist’s earnings. In bigger cities, you’ll pay more than
in smaller cities.

·Music Agent – Book concerts and special appearances. A Personal
Manager will help the artist with selecting a good agent.

If you blow up and start generating the big money, then a good
    Manager / Accountant will be needed to handle your tax situation,
    review royalty statements, financing tours, offer invest advice and
    how to manage your money.




                                  -8-
Getting recognized by mailing your demo to record labels isn’t
impossible, however, 99.9% of the time your material will not get
listened to. Even if you have the best song on the planet, it will not be
listened to. Record labels want to limit their liability, so they do not
listen to unsolicited music. Record labels don’t want to listen to
numerous songs and then be held liable if someone claims their
material was copied.

If you do decide to mail your CD to record label, send the “solicited”
material. First get a contact, preferably an individual in the Artists &
Repertoire (A&R) department. Call and first speak to someone. After
sending your CD follow up to determine if the targeted individual
received your material and another follow up call to determine if it
was listened to. Submit 3 to 6 songs and send a bio and picture of
yourself. Again this isn’t the preferred way to submit your material to
major record labels.

Until you have music business advisors in your corner trying to
promote you and there is a “buzz” going around about you, your
demo will not reach the decision makers at the record labels. Record
companies on a daily basis receive thousands of unsolicited CDs.
Most likely your CD will be tossed into a bin located in a remote room
filled with overflowing bins of CDs.


                                   -9-
Record labels like to deal with artists who have a history of record
sales. These are artist that may have produced and sold their own
CDs locally or regionally. Record labels like to deal with artists who
have performed their material and there is this “buzz” going on about
them. MC Hammer, before he became famous, performed his own
materials and sold his own records until a major record label signed
him. MC Hammer had a lot of leverage in negotiating a good contract
because he already proved on a local basis he could sell records.

Record companies want to limit their liability. If you are signed, you
are considered an investment that will require some money and they
want to see a premium return on their money invested in you. The
more you can prove that you can sell record, the better chance you
can get signed.

If you get signed to a record company, you the artist will go into the
studio and record songs for the record company. The record company
makes copies of the master recording and ships it to a distributor.
The distributor is a wholesaler who then sells the CDs to retail outlets
like Best Buy, Sam Goody and Tower Records. The record company
then pumps money into marketing by advertising and promoting
your music with hopes of selling records, thus making you a superstar
and becoming rich!

It is not as easy as it sounds. It takes a lot of hard work by a talented
group of people. Everyone has to work together to make this happen.
There are usually many people behind the scenes working to make an
artist a superstar.
Record companies often categorized into 4 groups: · Major label
record companies - have the recording and operating resources to
complete all function to sell records. Major label record companies


                                  - 10 -
are integrated in that they can handle the promotion, sales,
marketing, and distribution to sell music. Major label record
companies are Arista, Atlantic, Capital, and Sony.

·Major label affiliate labels special agreements with the major label
record companies, where the major label may fund the smaller labels
recording and operating expenses in exchange for a portion of the
smaller label profits.

· Independent labels - distributes records through major labels.
Independent labels have few employees. They tend to find talent, sign
the talent, sees to it the music is recorded and contracts with major
record labels to perform the promotion, marketing, and other
functions.

·True independent labels– Has no association with a major label and
distribute their music through independent distributors.

The A&R (Artists & Repertoire) Department
The A&R department is the talent scout. They are in charge of finding
new talents. They are the eyes and ears of the record company.
However, not because you get signed to a record label because an
A&R representative likes you it doesn’t mean your CD will ever get
produced and released. Executives higher in the company could
cancel your deal if they feel your CD will not sell. A record company
will have to invest several hundred thousands of dollars to release
your CD, so they will be extremely cautious on whom they release.

The Marketing and Sales Department
This department is responsible for getting the public excited about
your music and first selling to retail stores the idea of carrying your


                                  - 11 -
CD. They are responsible for promotional merchandise, advertising
your CD, in store displays, publicity, your CD cover, etc.

The Promotions Department
This department is responsible for getting your music played on the
radio. The individuals in this department will visit the various radio
stations to convince them to play your material. If your material
doesn’t get played, no one will now how you are. People will look at
your CD in the retail store and wonder who you are. There is also a
direct correlation with CD sales vs. how many times a song for that
CD gets played on the radio. More air time on the radio equals more
CD sales for the record companies.

Remember music is art, but to the record companies, it’s about
money. Keep in mind that it’s a business. Keep in mind everyone is
out to make money. The minute people believe that you will not make
money for them, you will be dropped and these same people will turn
to seek other new artists that they believe will make them money.
Unfortunately, the record business doesn’t believe in grooming
people. If your first CD isn’t a success, you are out. There are rarely
second chances. There are always other talented people behind you
who what their shot at fame.




Distribution



                                 - 12 -
Most major retailers such as Tower records will not carry a CD unless
the record has a distributor. A strong distributor ensures that your
CD will be available in enough places so your CD will sell to
ultimately make money. Major labels use large distributors who are
better able to get record stores stocked. After years of consolidation,
there are only 5 major national wholesale distributors in the US who
are owned by conglomerates who also own major record labels. They
are:
· BMG (distributes Arista, BMG and RCA)
· EMI (distributes Capital and Virg.)
· Sony Music (distributes Columbia, Epic and Sony)
· Universal Music Group (distributes Interscope, Island/Def Jam, and
MCA)
· WEA (distributes Atlantic, Elektra and Warner Bros.)
Distribution via the Internet Record labels and artists are increasingly
using the web to distribute their music. Unknown artists can also use
sites like this mZeus.com, http://www.mZeus.com, to generate buzz
about their music. However, unknown artists will still have to work
hard to get the buzz going about their music. Ultimately, signing a
contract with a major record label is the way to go. The major record
labels have the financial muscle and people to give you a good shot at
becoming famous.

Let’s face it. It’s all about money! Yes, the entertainment industry
seems fun and exciting, but people are in it to make money. As an
artist the most important contract in the music industry is the record
contract. The royalty is a portion of money from record sales paid to
the artist for his/her music. The record contract which is a negotiated
legal agreement between the record label and artist will state how
much royalty an artist is entitled to among other things.



                                 - 13 -
An artist should have a good understanding of how royalties are
calculated. A good music attorney will help with this process by
making sure the artist is paid what he/she deserves. A 13% royalty for
one artist may be a lot of money, however a 13% royalty for another
maybe “chump change”.

So this is how the numbers work. An artist successfully signs a record
contract. The artist goes to the studio and work diligently to create a
CD that the record company fully supports. The record company via
its distributor sells the CD with a suggested retail list price (SRLP) of
$17.99 to a retailer for about $10.99. The distributor will take 10% -
14% of the $10.99. Therefore the record company will get about ½
the SRLP of $17.99. Independent record companies may receive less
than ½ the SRLP. Major record companies will pay artist royalty as a
percentage of SRLP.

Rates will vary of each artist depending on how successful their
record sells. For a new artist who never had a record deal or has sold
less than 100,000 albums will get a typical royalty rate of 12% to 14%
of the SRLP. For an independent record label it maybe 10% to 14% of
the SRLP. For established artists who have a track record of selling
200,000 to 500,000 albums the royalty rate maybe 14% to 16%. For
artists who have sold over 750,000 albums the royalty rates maybe
16% to 18%. As you can see, the more successful the artist is, the
higher the royalty. Additionally, royalty maybe based on how well the
record sells. For instance, the record contract may state that an artist
will get 12% for the first 100,000 units sold, 14% for 100,001 to
300,000 units sold, and 16% for over 300,000 units sold.
But hold your horses. If you sell 500,000 albums and have a royalty
rate of 12% doesn’t mean you will get 12% of 500,000 at a SRLP of
$17.98 which would equal $1,078,800. This is because as specified in


                                  - 14 -
the record contract, there are deductions (expenses) that have to be
deducted.

To start off the bat, the record company will deduct a “packaging
charge” from the SRLP which is typically 20% for cassettes and 25%
for CDs.

Second, more often the artist is responsible for paying the record
producer a portion of his/her royalties. Typically a producer will
receive 3% to 4% of the SRLP.

Third, in the record business, the contract may state that the artist’s
only generates royalties on 85% of the unit sales. For every 100
albums sold, 15 albums sold, the artist gets no royalty.

Forth, the record company will hold a portion of the royalty money
because the distributor typically has an agreement with the retail
outlets to take back and credit the retail stores money from unsold
units. This is very important, because a good portion of your album
could be returned to the record company if the album doesn’t sell!
The money that’s held back is called a reserve. Reserves maybe held
for 2 years before it’s paid to the artist. Typically a major record label
will hold a reserve of 25% to 40% of the royalties.




                                   - 15 -
Fifth, advances paid from the record company to the artist are
deducted from the artist’s royalty. Advances include but are not
limited to the:

· Recording studio expenses (new artists to an independent my get an
advancement of $0 to $80,000, new artist to a major record label
$150,000 to $400,000
· Hiring independent promoters to help sell the albums
· Cost of making a music video (promotions and an inexpensive music
video can cost $150,000 to $200,000.

When money is made for the record sales, these costs are deducted
from the artist’s royalties. This is called re-coupment. Therefore, if
the artist’s record isn’t successful, the artist may never see a dime. If
the royalties are less than the deductions, they artists may well owe
the record company money by being in the red! This negative cost
maybe carried over to the next album release. A good record contract
will not allow a negative cost from one album to be carried over to
another album (cross collateralization). If there isn’t another album
the record company generally eats the loss.

There are many other costs that the record company will not charge
the artists. This includes marketing and in-house promotions (free
CD give away, etc.).

So how much does an artist make for a gold album (500,000 albums
sold).

Check out the math:



                                  - 16 -
CD (suggested retail list price SRLP) = $ 17.99 Less CD Packaging of
20% = $ -4.50 NET = $ 13.49 Times: Net artist royalty rate (12% - 3%
to producer) = X 9% Gross royalty per CD (9% of $13.48) = $ 1.21
Times 500,000 albums = $ 500,000 SUB TOTAL = $ 605,00 Times:
Royalty bearing % (15% o = no royalty) = X 85% Gross Royalty = $
514,250 Less advances: Recording, promo, music video, tour = $
-350,000 TOTAL ROYALTY TO ARTIST = $ 164,250 - Reserves
(35%) returned by retailer) = $ -57,487.50 (1) ACTUAL ROYALTY
PAID TO ARTIST = $ 106,762.50
(1)Reserves will be paid to artist in 2 years if no CDs returned by
retailer

Remember the artist still has to pay TAXES! Don’t forget Uncle Sam
has to get his cut! Also, don’t forget the Personal Manger, the
Attorney, the Accountant, the Agent and other numerous expenses.
However, there are many other royalties that an artist can acquire.
They include, Record Clubs, Compilation CDs, Samplers (low-priced
albums in which a few artists are featured), Premiums (albums sold
with other products, such as cereal), Film Soundtrack Album, Music
Video Sales, Greatest Hit’s Album, Foreign Royalties (song played in
some foreign country radio stations pay royalties, unlike the US),
Master Use License (music used in a movie, television, commercial,
the Internet, CD-ROM and DVD), etc.

Of course because of the Internet, the rules royalties are changing.
Many people now buy their music via the Internet. Just think, no
packaging required and no distribution to traditional retail stores
needed. Some websites allow customers to buy individual songs as
oppose to an album. Changes are currently takings place on how
royalties are calculated because of the Internet. Many attorneys are
pushing to have royalties be based on each song sold as oppose to


                                 - 17 -
each album sold. So stay tuned!

About portable mp3 players
As the music technology has developed many folds, the outcome of
CD players, recorders and mp3 players has become a part of the day
to day life of a person. Today, there are many popular mp3 players in
the market including pocket sized player that enables you to take your
PC audio wherever you go.

 Facts about portable mp3 players
1.Mp3 format has helped in increasing the craze of PC music and this
is the reason why most of the Mp3 players handle various file formats
such as WAV, AAC or WMA.

2. There are three types of memory used by Mp3 players namely,
flash memory, removable or embedded flash memory and the hard
drive.

3. Flash memory is rugged and very compact because it has solid state
memory and the player cannot skip and therefore these are the best to
for active use.

4. Embedded flash memory is built right into the player and is great
fro one who is not interested to buy and carry extra memory cards.

5. The last type of mp3 players store music on mini hard disk drive ( a
smaller version of your hard disk in your computer) and these can
store music much more than the one using flash memory. But these
are bulky with large LCD screens and incorporate memory buffers
that eliminate skipping.




                                  - 18 -
6. The most expensive Mp3 player won’t work if it could not be
connected to your PC. So before you buy one, make sure that it is
compatible to your computer connections and capabilities.

7. You need to have a new version of operating system in your PC, a
USB port, supply flash card reader and music management software
for example jukebox.

8. There are many accessories and features with current Mp3 players
and you should know exactly what your player does and what all
comes in the box. There are mp3 player that act as recorders and are
capable to capture audio and other voice snippets and other radio
broadcasts with the help of an inbuilt tuner. There is an LCD display
and these come in stylish models in different color, shape and size.
Other accessories include ear headphones, rechargeable adapters etc.

9. You can easily download free mp3 song from different websites
offering these services.




                                - 19 -
Sonic Producer is a music software which is used to create beats
online. It is a Beat machine That Beat Up With The Beat LA




                                - 20 -

								
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