IR 305: Managing New Global Challenges by ngg4pKr



             IR 305: Managing New Global Challenges
Dr. Lyn Boyd-Judson
Fall 2006: Wed 6:30 – 9:20, THH 208
Office Hours: Wed 3:30 – 5:30 and by appt
Office: VKC 341, Email:

Teaching assistants:
Sana Aftab Khan (
Zeynep Sahin (

Over forty million people are HIV positive across the globe, with the largest concentration in
Sub-Saharan Africa. How can this trend be stopped or reversed? The UN Millennium Project
proposes a political framework to cut world poverty by half. What’s holding it up? Rogue states
continue to develop weapons of mass destruction despite UN sanctions and threats. What’s the
next step? Why is it so hard to get cooperation on these issues? Are these challenges intractable?
What are the incentives and disincentives for cooperation? In short, what can be done?

The goal of this course is to teach you to think critically, objectively, and intelligently about the
new global challenges facing your generation. My job is to present you with cohesive readings,
interesting and useful information, thought-provoking discussion questions, and fair
discussion. Your job is to diligently prepare for class, thoughtfully approach discussion
questions, and engage on your own terms the new international challenges you will face as
global citizens over the next few decades.

You may notice that the syllabus does not have a specific section on human rights. Because
human rights intersect other global issues in some manner, we will discuss human rights as part
of each week’s topic. For each subject on the syllabus that needs practical global management,
we may also ask: what does this mean for human rights and human security, for the next
generation, for the welfare of children, for the liberation of women? Should these concerns be a
significant part of our calculations? I expect the answers to these questions to be varied and
contested, but their inclusion in the thought-process of managing global issues will be part of
the weekly course discussion alongside other important criteria, and not separated out of the

We are fortunate to have two Teaching Assistants with extremely interesting research and life
experiences. At times your take on issues may conflict with mine or your TA’s; this is expected
in a challenging issues-oriented class. It is your responsibility to speak up and help set the
course of the discussion. Outside of our weekly Wednesday class meetings, I am available
through email, during my office hours, and by appointment. I encourage you to be in contact.

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Managing Global Issues: Lessons Learned, P.J. Simmons and Chantal de Jonge Oudraat, eds.,
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Washington, DC: 2001) USC bookstore.

Globalization: A Very Short Introduction, Manfred Steger (Oxford: 2003) (used from $7.99)

Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill, Jessica Stern (Ashgate: 2004) (used from $4.79)

The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed, Scott D. Sagan and Kenneth N. Waltz. (W.W.
Norton and Company: 2003) (used $6.88)

Course grading:

Discussion board and class participation/presentations: 40%
Midterm exam 1: 18%
Midterm exam 2: 18%
Final Exam: 24%

Discussion board: You are required to post (at one substantive comment of
at least 300 words each Tuesday by 5:00 pm. These postings must show that you have read the
material and thought through its points and implications. These postings can include critique of
the readings, questions it raises for you, disagreements with main points, concerns you have
about the issue, your thoughts on how to manage the challenge – things of this sort. Suggested
discussion points/questions will be posted for each week. You are expected to engage with the
comments other students have posted. Sana, Zeynep, and I will monitor these postings and
your TA will grade each week’s participation on a scale of 1-10.

Because of the weekly time commitment involved in participating and grading the discussion
board, your TA session will meet every other week with the first meeting on Tuesday,
September 5.

Presentations: Over the course of the semester you will give two presentations to the class as part
of a group of four or five students. One presentation will delve into the weekly issue that most
interests you (e.g. poverty, the environment). Issues will be assigned after the first class
meeting. Your mission is to report to the class on the current status of the global challenge and
debate surrounding its resolution. Your team will be the ‘class experts’ for that week and are
expected to participate more than usual in the discussion. You will be given 15-20 minutes of
class time to present. An outline that breaks down who did what in the group is due to the
professor at the time of presentation. The notes/outline/power point (whatever) of each
presentation is due to the professor by 5:00 p.m. the Tuesday before class.

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The second presentation is an ongoing semester long project on rogue states and nuclear
proliferation. The idea is to start from scratch and build to a focused strategy for resolution. Our
focus will be North Korea and Iran. Each week, four or five students will volunteer (or be
selected) to address the most important questions raised by the class based on the preceding
week’s work/presentation. We will work through stage by stage how we would approach and
manage the threat of a nuclear rogue state. Where do we start? What do we need to know? Each
stage (report) added will be posted on the discussion board (folder-‘North Korea, Iran, and
nuclear proliferation’) in weekly chapters. By the last class we will be ready to debate the
challenge of nuclear proliferation with a special guest who is an expert on nuclear proliferation.


Week 1 (August 23) Introduction to course and overview
Students list and discuss issues most challenging for their generation.
Focus on how to discuss conflicting political views in order to affect change.
Read in class and discuss:
   1. ‘What Does Libya's Disarmament Teach About Rogue States?’ Ambassador Martin S.
       Indyk, Ambassador Edward S. Walker, Middle East Institute
       April 7, 2004.
   2. Case study: ‘A Medal of Good Hope: Mandela, Qaddafi and the Lockerbie Negotiations,’
       Boyd-Judson, 2005, Georgetown Institute for the Study of Diplomacy.

Week 2 (August 30) Total reading: 64p
Global Challenge: Rogue states. Why are they considered ‘rogue’? What are different theories
for dealing with rogue states?
    1. Hoover Institute essay based on the ‘The Rise and Decline of Rogue States,’ Thomas H.
        Henriksen, Journal of International Affairs 54, no. 2 (spring 2001): 349–73. (24p)
    2. Case Study: ‘Carrots, Sticks and Question Marks: Negotiating the North Korean Nuclear
        Crisis,’ Susan Rosegrant, 1995, Kennedy School of Government Case Program. (35p)

    Thought-provoking 2-pagers:
    3. ‘Iran: Rogue State?’ Ali Mostashari, The Audit of Conventional Wisdon, MIT Center for
       International Studies, September 2005 (2p)
    4. ‘Preventing Iran from Acquiring Nuclear Weapons,’ John R. Bolton, Under Secretary for
       Arms Control and International Security, Remarks to the Hudson Institute Washington,
       DC August 17, 2004. (2p)
    5. ‘And Now Iran: We can’t rule out the use of military force,’ William Kristol, The Weekly
       Standard, 01/23/2006, Volume 011, Issue 18. (2p)

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Week 3 (September 6) Total reading: 45p
Global Challenge: The United Nations: What is it now? What should it be?
   1. The United Nations and Changing World Politics, Weiss, Forsythe, and Coate, Westview
      Press: 2004. Conclusion: pp. 323-347 (24p)
   2. Debate: ‘The United Nations: Still Relevant After All These Years?’ James Traub
      (moderator), Shashi Tharoor, and Ruth Wedgwood, Edited transcript of remarks,
      06/12/06, part of the series, A Fairer Globalization, Carnegie Council, New York City. (18p)
   3. ‘Think Again: The United Nations’ Madeleine K. Albright, Foreign Policy, Sept/Oct 2003. (3p)

    Recommended: Explore website:

Week 4 (September 13) Total reading: 84p
Global Challenge: Poverty: The great divide. Why does it persist? What are different ideas for
development strategies? What is working?
Guest Discussant: Sarah Sulaiman
   1. ‘Entering the 21st Century: The Challenges for Development,’ James D. Wolfensohn,
       Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, Vol. 354, No. 1392, Millennium Issue. (7p)
   2. Peruse ‘The Millennium Development Goals Report 2006’ (posted - 32p)
   3. ‘Development Assistance,’ Chapter 4, Managing Global Issues: Lessons Learned. (45p)

    Recommended: The Gender Gap in Poverty in Modern Nations: Single Motherhood, the
    Market, and the State,’ Christopher, Smeeding, and Ross Phillips, Sociological Perspectives,
    Vol. 45, No. 3 (Autumn 2002) pp. 219-242.

Week 5 (September 20) Total reading: 83p
Global Challenge: Terrorism. What are the roots of and rationale for this strategy? What are the
challenges for global cooperation and international criminal justice to counter it? (Total: 121pp)
Guest discussant: Dr. Terry O’Sullivan, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Terrorism Analyst
   1. Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill, Jessica Stern (2004) pp. 1-62, 139-
       146, and 281-296. (84p-try to skim this entire book if possible)
   2. The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks
       upon the United States (New York and London) W.W. Norton, 2004) Chapter on ‘What to Do: A
       Global Strategy’ (pp 361-398) (37p)

    The Dynamic Terrorist Threat: An Assessment of Group Motivations and Capabilities in a Changing World,
    Kim Cragin and Sara A. Daly (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2004), pp. 1-92. (posted-skim)

Week 6 (September 27) Total reading: 70p
Midterm #1 (First hour of class)

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Global Challenge: Intrastate conflict
Why are intrastate conflicts now the predominant form of war? What is the global community’s
    1. ‘Violence: Intrastate Conflict,’ Timothy D. Sisk, Managing Global Issues, Lessons Learned,
       Simmons and Oudrant, Carnegie Endowment for Peace 2001. (29p)
    2. ‘Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars,’ Chaim Kaufmann, International
       Security (Spring 1996) pp 136-175. (39p)
    3. ‘Give Hope a Headline,” G. Pascal Zahary, Foreign Policy, No.122 (2001) pp.78-79. (2p)

Week 7 (October 4) Total reading: appx 70p
Global Challenge: Religion and Culture. How might these two issues be defined as a ‘global
challenge’? Must secular states and religio-cultural orders be in conflict? Is globalization (e.g.
capitalism) steamrolling other cultures? Should we care?
Guest Discussant: Sana Aftab Khan
   1. Religion and Global Order, selected chapters will be posted on blackboard.
   2. ‘Who is Culture’s Keeper?’ William Kennedy, Foreign Policy, 3p
   3. ‘In Praise of Cultural Imperialism?’ David Rothkopf, Foreign Policy, Summer 1997, pp.
        38-53. (15p)

    Recommended: Feminism vs. Multiculturalism, Leti Volpp, Columbia Law Review, v.101, No. 5,
    June, 2002. (pp?)

Week 8 (October 11) Total reading: 83p
Global Challenge: Environment. What is the nature of global environmental threats? What are
the disincentives for cooperation to address know scientific facts about the perils of damage to
our globe? What are the networks of legal obligations, ethical obligations, and existing
    1. ‘Environment: Pollution’ Peter M. Haas, Managing Global Issues: Lessons Learned, pp.310-
        353. (43p)
    2. ‘Global Commons: The Oceans, Antarctica, the Atmosphere,’ Christopher C. Joyner,
        Managing Global Issues: Lessons Learned, pp. 354-391. (37p)
    3. ‘What to Do About Climate Change,’ Ruth Greenspan Bell, Foreign Affairs, May/June
        2006. Also see a transcript of interview:

    Recommended: BBC news page on global warming

Week 9 (October 18) Total reading: 59p
  Global Challenge: Health. One side effect of increasing globalization is that disease is no
  longer a local phenomenon. What is our current level of global health interdependence? Do
  we need a comprehensive approach or a strategy more threat-specific?
  Guest Discussant: Dr. Gery Ryan, RAND Health

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    1. ‘Health,’ Chapter 10 in Managing Global Issues (32p)
    2. ‘The Lessons of HIV AIDS,’ Laurie Garrett, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 4 (July / August
       2005) (13p)
    3. ‘Preparing for the Next Pandemic,’ Osterholm, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 84, no. 4. (13p)
    4. ‘Chronic Neglect,’ Michael P. Birt, Foreign Policy, September / October 2006 (1p)

    Recommended PBS film: RX for Survival: A Global Health Challenge

Week 10 (October 25) Total reading: 57p
Midterm #2
Global Challenge: Refugee Protection and Assistance. The current international refugee regime
is said to be in disarray, to have deteriorated. Why is this case? How can we connect this to our
week on intrastate conflict? What should be the role of states versus the role of transnational
civil society?
Guest Discussant: Zeynep Sahin
    1. ‘Refugee Protection and Assistance,’ Chapter 13, Kathleen Newland, Managing Global
         Issues (24p)
    2. ‘Think Again: Migration,’ Demetrios G. Papademetriou, Foreign Policy, (Winter 1997-
         1998) p 15-31. (16p)
    3. ‘Managing Migrations,’ Doris Meissner, Foreign Policy, No. 86 (Spring 1992) pp. 66-83.

    Recommended: ‘Bogus Refugees? The Determinants of Asylum Migration to Western
    Europe,’ Eric Neumayer, International Studies Quarterly (2005) 49, 389-409 (20p)

Week 11 (November 1) Total reading: read/skim 135p
Global Challenge: Globalization. The buzz word of our time--What does it mean and to
   1. Globalization: A Very Short Introduction, Manfred Steger, Oxford, 2003 (135p)

Week 12 (November 8)
Global Challenge: Student selected—Energy Resources

Week 13 (November 15)
Global Challenge: Student selected -

Week 14 (November 22)
Travel day for Thanksgiving.

Week 15 (November 29)
Global Challenge: Nuclear Proliferation
Guest Discussant: TBA

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    1. The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed, Scott D. Sagan and Kenneth N. Waltz.
       (W.W. Norton and Company: 2003) (used $6.88) Make certain
       to order the 2003 edition. (184p)
    2. Explore website - US Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation:

FINAL EXAM: Wednesday, December 6, 7 - 9 p.m.



Dr. Lyn Boyd-Judson

I teach at the Annenberg School of Journalism (University of Southern California), the USC
School of International Relations, and Occidental College. Previous research affiliations include
the Rand Corporation, the Carter Center, the Hong Kong Legislative Council, the United States
Embassy Berlin, and USC’s Center for International Studies. I am originally from Columbus,
Georgia. I have a PhD in International Relations from the University of Southern California and
have attended Vanderbilt University, Furman University, The Hague Academy of International
Law, the University of Wales (Aberwystwyth), the Mershon Center for International Security
(Ohio State), and the London School of Economics.

My research and teaching tend to focus on diplomacy, ethics, global governance, international
negotiation, and media studies. Before graduate school I worked as a journalist in Hong Kong
and Malaysia. I have research forthcoming from International Studies Quarterly and Rowman &
Littlefield Publishers and have published previously in Foreign Policy Analysis, Leiden Journal of
International Law, Georgetown Pew Case Studies in International Affairs, and Asia Times. I am on the
executive board of the International Studies Association-West (Examining Ethics in the Study
and Practice of Global Politics) and the Women's Caucus for International Studies (WCIS). I am
married to David Judson of the Judson Studios of Los Angeles and we have a son Benjamin (4)
and daughter Georgia (1).

Teaching Assistants:

Sana Aftab Khan – Email:

Hi to all! I’m Sana and I’ll be your TA for the course IR305: Managing New Global Challenges
while I pursue my Masters degree in Public Diplomacy, a joint M.A. program by the USC
School of International Relations and the USC Annenberg School for Communication.
Although I’ve arrived in LA directly from Toronto, Canada, I’m originally from Pakistan and
have spent several years both in my hometown Karachi, Pakistan as well as in Toronto, having
completed my secondary education partly in Toronto and then in Karachi. Therefore, I would

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say I have comprehensive knowledge of and experience with two very different socio-political
cultures. I completed my B.A. at the University of Toronto in June 2005 with majors in
Economics and History and a minor in Math. I had been admitted to the M.A. Political Science
program in Political Economy of International Development at the University of Toronto when I
decided to pursue my M.A. degree here at USC. I’m also currently interning at the Canadian
Consulate General in Los Angeles as a Research Intern, exploring U.S.-Canada relations and
associated political, economic, and social domains. A few of my prominent academic/career
interests include international politics, political economy, multinational corporations/entities,
transnational cultural politics/dynamics, gender studies, critique of international development,
and communication and propaganda studies. Leisure interests/passions include painting,
music, swimming, hiking, dancing, horse riding, reading, and, need I say, socializing. I’m
looking forward to getting to know all of you and discussing various global issues with you
throughout the rest of the term. Hope to meet all of you soon!

Zeynep Sahin – Email:

In this semester, I will be TA for the course of IR 305: Managing New Global Challenges. I have
been a Phd student in the Politics and International Relations Department since 2006 Fall. I`m from
Izmir, Turkey. After completing a BA degree in the International Relations Department in Fatih
University, Istanbul, I took a Master Degree from Turkish History Institute at Bogazici
University, the interdisciplinary institute focusing on social history and comparative politics.
My master thesis titled Philanthropic Women’s NGOs as a Way of Participation to Public Sphere
focused on how Turkish women participated in construction of civil society since the Ottoman
Era. During my MA years, I also found the opportunity to study as Research Assistant in
Department of International Relations at Fatih University. From 2003 to 2005 and , I worked as
Teaching Assistant at Department of International Relations at Selcuk University and taught
“Turkey’s Neighbors” and some independent courses on IR and “Women’s Rights”.

 International Politics and Security, Comparative Politics, and Gender, Culture and Global Society are
my fields of concentration. I am planning to study Comparative Politics, Gender Studies and
International Organizations particularly the European Union.

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