VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 30 POSTED ON: 2/19/2012
Japan Population What we’ll teach you 1. Location of key settlements 2. Some basic (but excellent) facts and graphs 3. Physical/ Social Factors affecting Pop Size and Density 4. Ethnic Minorities 5. Problems. >The Ageing Population >Decline in Birth rate >Less fertile women >Densely populated around coast More things! 6. Pop Management 7. Successes of it? 8. An overall summary 9. Quiz 10. Exam questions 11. Pictures! 1. Location of Key Settlements Key settlements are Gifu City= mostly on coast of 0.4 m islands 1.9 m Much smaller 2.6 m settlements in 2.8 m mountainous central 12 m Japan 1.5 m Total Pop= 128 million 2. Excellent facts…… Present • 128 million 2001 (ninth most populous in world) • Its population density measured 341 persons per square kilometre, for a ranking of fourth among countries with a population of 10 million or more. Pop Change 1950-2050 Increased Few elderly elderly Large available workforce Demographic Transition model Stage 3 Falling birth rate - low death rate - high natural increase (population growth) 3. Factors affecting Pop • THE COUNTRY IS MOUNTAINOUS!! 75% of pop now lives in urban areas KEY WORD: Megaopolis “A region made up of several large cities and their surrounding areas in sufficient proximity to be considered a single urban complex.” Physical Factors affecting Pop Density Physical Factors High Density Low Density Relief Low land which is flat e.g. High land that is (shape and height of COAST OF JAPAN mountainous e.g. CENTRE land) Tokyo OF JAPAN Resources Lack of resources so Nearly impossible to settlements built on coast so transport goods into easily imported mountainous regions Climate Japan has generally temperate Areas with extreme climate climates of hot and cold tend to be sparsely populated e.g. South Japan Social factors… Human Factors High Density Low Density Political Countries with stable Unstable countries tend to governments tend to have a high have lower population population density e.g. JAPAN densities as people migrate e.g. Afghanistan. Social Groups of people want to live Other groups of people close to each other for security prefer to be isolated and e.g. Japan (due to hazards?) traditional e.g. Mountains of Japan Economic Good job opportunities Limited job opportunities encourage high population cause some areas to be densities sparsely populated e.g. Amazon Rainforest 4. Ethnic Minorities in Japan - Only make up 1% of pop - Most are Korean - Indistinguishable from Japanese - Take on names, language and norms of the country - Very little conflicts or problems A Korean in Japan 5. Problems with Population • Birth rates • Fertility • Ageing population • Densely Populated Birth Rates -Only 9.6 per thousand (lowest since 2nd world war) -Expected to drop significantly over the next few years Few babies born… • Number of young (less than 15) declining. 1995 accounted for 16% of the population IMPLICATIONS FOR WORKFORCE • Dependency ratio in 1995-44%. This is set to rise rapidly • Burden on pension funds, social welfare- especially health care Fertility Rate….. • Fertility rate dropped to1.3 children per woman. • The Japanese population is predicted to actually start declining by 2007. "I can't help but wonder whether Japan's industries and the economy can take losing 800,000 people a year," Makoto Atoh, deputy director-general of the Japanese National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. Ageing Population • In 1970 elderly population (over 65’s) accounted for 7.1 % of the total population 1995-14.6% 2007-20% • Ageing population more rapid than in any other country • In the next 20 years, over 25% of the pop will be over 65 Comparison of Japan’s ageing population with other countries Japan has highest! However all countries are rising Facts about Ageing Pop • By 2025 the elderly population will be larger than any other developed country • More than 15% of the population will be aged more than 80 by 2050 (www.kansascity.com) • Numbers of 80+ expected to increase to 394 million in 2050 from 86 million (Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs) • NOT ENOUGH YOUNG PEOPLE TO TAKE CARE OF THEM!!!!!! Densely Populated • 337 people per sq. km-Japan one of the most densely populated countries in the world • Birth Rates- in 2003 total fertility rate was 1.29, the lowest figure on record since WWII (www.stat.go.jp) • The UN estimates that by 2050 the population will have declined by 17.9 million people to just 109 million • HAZARDS- More of a thereat to dense areas e.g Kobe Summary of problems… • Decline in Birth-rate • Fertility rate • Ageing population • Densely Populated 6. Pop management Strategies THE PROBLEM IS NOT THAT THE POP IS HIGH, IT THERE NEEDS TO BE MORE BIRTHS • Sending elderly people out of country as far as West Africa • Disease prevention and health programmes in big business (Gov. law) Success/ Failings • Hard to tell. • Probably too good a health care! • Need more babies but how? • Give people incentives? • Need to get rid of old people first. • It’s a hard job for the government to deal with Quiz • Roughly how many people live in Japan? • How many people live in its capital? • Name 3 factors which affect population there • Why are the ethnic minorities of Koreans ‘invisible’? Possible Exam Questions… 1. Look at this graph and describe the age and sex distribution in Japan 2. What are the implications of having a large elderly population on Japan? 3. How successful are the population management strategies in an MEDC country you have studies? 4. How will the ageing population affect Japan’s economy? 5. How has Japan’s population changed over time? Busy Tokyo CBD Do Japanese people live so long because of the healthy food they eat?
Pages to are hidden for
"Japan"Please download to view full document