Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Japan

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 30

									Japan




        Population
               What we’ll teach you
1. Location of key settlements
2. Some basic (but excellent) facts and graphs
3. Physical/ Social Factors affecting Pop Size and
   Density
4. Ethnic Minorities
5. Problems.
>The Ageing Population
>Decline in Birth rate
>Less fertile women
>Densely populated around coast
             More things!
6. Pop Management
7. Successes of it?
8. An overall summary
9. Quiz
10. Exam questions
11. Pictures!
1. Location of Key Settlements
 Key settlements are             Gifu City=
 mostly on coast of              0.4 m

       islands
                                              1.9 m



  Much smaller
                                      2.6 m
  settlements in         2.8 m
mountainous central                           12 m

       Japan

                                     1.5 m
Total Pop= 128 million
        2. Excellent facts……
               Present
• 128 million 2001 (ninth most populous in
  world)
• Its population density measured 341 persons
  per square kilometre, for a ranking of fourth
  among countries with a population of 10
  million or more.
Pop Change 1950-2050
          Increased
Few
          elderly
elderly




                      Large
                      available
                      workforce
      Demographic Transition model




                                     Stage 3

Falling birth rate - low death rate - high natural increase (population growth)
          3. Factors affecting Pop
   •   THE COUNTRY IS MOUNTAINOUS!!
       75% of pop now lives in urban areas

KEY WORD:
      Megaopolis
            “A region made up of several large cities
and their surrounding areas in sufficient proximity
to be considered a single urban complex.”
      Physical Factors affecting Pop
                 Density
  Physical Factors              High Density                  Low Density




Relief                 Low land which is flat e.g.     High land that is
(shape and height of   COAST OF JAPAN                  mountainous e.g. CENTRE
land)                  Tokyo                           OF JAPAN



Resources              Lack of resources so            Nearly impossible to
                       settlements built on coast so   transport goods into
                       easily imported                 mountainous regions

Climate                Japan has generally temperate   Areas with extreme
                       climate                         climates of hot and cold
                                                       tend to be sparsely
                                                       populated e.g. South
                                                       Japan
                     Social factors…
     Human Factors              High Density                     Low Density




Political             Countries with stable              Unstable countries tend to
                      governments tend to have a high    have lower population
                      population density e.g. JAPAN      densities as people migrate
                                                         e.g. Afghanistan.
Social                Groups of people want to live      Other groups of people
                      close to each other for security   prefer to be isolated and
                      e.g. Japan (due to hazards?)       traditional e.g. Mountains of
                                                         Japan
Economic              Good job opportunities             Limited job opportunities
                      encourage high population          cause some areas to be
                      densities                          sparsely populated e.g.
                                                         Amazon Rainforest
    4. Ethnic Minorities in Japan
- Only make up 1% of pop
- Most are Korean
- Indistinguishable from Japanese
- Take on names, language and norms of the
  country
- Very little conflicts or problems


                A Korean in
                     Japan
5. Problems with Population
    •   Birth rates
    •   Fertility
    •   Ageing population
    •   Densely Populated
             Birth Rates
-Only 9.6 per thousand (lowest since 2nd
  world war)
-Expected to drop significantly over the next
  few years
         Few babies born…
• Number of young (less than 15) declining.
1995 accounted for 16% of the population
  IMPLICATIONS FOR WORKFORCE
• Dependency ratio in 1995-44%. This is set
  to rise rapidly
• Burden on pension funds, social welfare-
  especially health care
                    Fertility Rate…..
       •   Fertility rate dropped to1.3 children per woman.
       •   The Japanese population is predicted to actually start
           declining by 2007.




"I can't help but wonder whether Japan's industries and the economy can
                                     take losing 800,000 people a year,"

Makoto Atoh, deputy director-general of the Japanese National Institute
of Population and Social Security Research.
         Ageing Population

• In 1970 elderly population (over 65’s)
  accounted for 7.1 % of the total population
1995-14.6%
2007-20%
• Ageing population more rapid than in any
  other country
• In the next 20 years, over 25% of the pop
  will be over 65
Comparison of Japan’s ageing population with other countries
             Japan has highest!
However
    all
countries
are rising
       Facts about Ageing Pop
• By 2025 the elderly population will be larger than
  any other developed country
• More than 15% of the population will be aged
  more than 80 by 2050 (www.kansascity.com)
• Numbers of 80+ expected to increase to 394
  million in 2050 from 86 million (Population
  Division of the UN Department of Economic and
  Social Affairs)
• NOT ENOUGH YOUNG PEOPLE TO TAKE
  CARE OF THEM!!!!!!
           Densely Populated
• 337 people per sq. km-Japan one of the most
  densely populated countries in the world
• Birth Rates- in 2003 total fertility rate was 1.29,
  the lowest figure on record since WWII
  (www.stat.go.jp)
• The UN estimates that by 2050 the population will
  have declined by 17.9 million people to just 109
  million
• HAZARDS- More of a thereat to dense areas e.g
  Kobe
        Summary of problems…
•   Decline in Birth-rate
•   Fertility rate
•   Ageing population
•   Densely Populated
   6. Pop management Strategies
   THE PROBLEM IS NOT THAT THE POP
      IS HIGH, IT THERE NEEDS TO BE
                MORE BIRTHS
• Sending elderly people out of country as far
  as West Africa
• Disease prevention and health programmes
  in big business (Gov. law)
             Success/ Failings
•   Hard to tell.
•   Probably too good a health care!
•   Need more babies but how?
•   Give people incentives?
•   Need to get rid of old people first.
•   It’s a hard job for the government to deal
    with
                   Quiz
• Roughly how many people live in Japan?
• How many people live in its capital?
• Name 3 factors which affect population
  there
• Why are the ethnic minorities of Koreans
  ‘invisible’?
    Possible Exam Questions…
1. Look at this graph and describe the age and
  sex distribution in Japan
 2. What are the implications of
having a large elderly population
            on Japan?

    3. How successful are the
     population management
 strategies in an MEDC country
        you have studies?
   4. How will the ageing
  population affect Japan’s
         economy?


5. How has Japan’s population
     changed over time?
Busy
Tokyo
CBD
Do Japanese people live so long because of the healthy food they eat?

								
To top