Chapter 11 Unit Plan and Study Guide
I. Learning Targets for Chapter 11
A. I can describe and analyze the causes behind the spread of Islam.
B. I can explore the dynamism of the Islamic World as the most influential of the third-
C. I analyze the religious divisions within Islam and how they affected political
D. I can describe and analyze how Islam was a source of cultural encounters with
Christian, African, and Hindu cultures.
E. I can explain and analyze the accomplishments of the Islamic world in the period
600 CE to 1450 CE.
II. Opening Vignette
A. How has Islam flourished in the United States during the 21 st Century?
B. In what ways was Islam prominent in the scope of the world between 600 CE and
III. The Birth of a New Religion
A. The Homeland of Islam
1. Unlike most religious / cultural traditions, Islam emerged from a marginal
2. What were the people of the Arabian peninsula like?
3. What were the effects of the trade routes on Arabia?
4. What were the effects of the Sassanid and Byzantine Empires on Arabian
B. The Messenger and the Message
1. Who was Muhammad Ibn Abdullah? What was his life like?
2. What was significant about the revelations from Allah?
3. What were his radically new teachings?
4. What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
5. What is the “sixth” pillar? Greater and Lesser?
C. The Transformation of Arabia
1. What were the results of Muhammad’s small following?
2. What led to rapid expansion of Islam throughout Arabia?
3. What are the fundamental differences between the births of Christianity &
III. The Making of an Arab Empire
A. What regions were included in the new Arab state? (All or part)
B. What were the results of this new Arab state within these regions?
C. How did the Arabs conquer other regions?
D. What were the limits of Arab expansion?
E. What were the reasons for this expansion?
F. In what ways was conquest “not too destructive?”
G. In what ways did Conversion to Islam take place in this new Empire?
H. Division and Controversies
1. What was the central problem in the Muslim Empire?
2. What happened during the time of the First Four Caliphs? (The Rightly-
3. What is the Sunni / Shia split in Islam?
4. Which caliphs became absolute monarchies?
5. Basic Religious Issues: What does it mean to be a Muslim? What were the
I. Women and Men in Early Islam
1. What is the difference in what the Quran states about women spiritually
2. In what ways did the Quran help women?
3. In what ways did social practices in lands where Islam spread define
4. How did the hadiths develop views of women?
5. How did Islam give women new religious outlets?
IV. Islam and Cultural Encounter: A Four-Way Comparison
A. How did the last Abbasid Caliphate collapse and how did Islamic civilization
continue to expand?
B. The Case of India
1. Turkic-speaking invaders brought Islam to India
2. How did Turkic and Muslim regimes in India change over time?
3. How did Muslim communities emerge in India?
4. How did Hindus and Muslims interact with each other in India?
C. The Case of Anatolia
1. What were the results of the Turkish invasion of Anatolia?
2. What were the reasons for the differences in the Muslim invasions of
Anatolia and India?
3. What was the most powerful Islamic state in 1500?
4. How did the Turks of Anatolia respond after their conversion?
D. The Case of West Africa
1. What was the difference in the coming of Islam in West Africa as opposed t
Anatolia and India?
2. Why did Islam spread mostly in urban centers in this region?
3. Describe the transformation of West Africa by 1500 by Islam.
4. What roles did Arab migration, the Sufis, and rural areas play in Weste
E. The Case of Spain
1. Who conquered Spain and when during this period?
2. What was the difference in the relationship between Christianity and Islam
3. What was the result of the interaction between Christians, Muslims, and
Jews in Spain?
4. Why and how did religious toleration begin breaking down by the 10 th
century in Spain?
V. The World of Islam as a New Civilization
A. How far had Islam spread by 1500?
B. Networks of Faith
1. How was Islamic civilization held together by their practices and beliefs?
2. What is Sufism? How did it spread?
C. Networks of Exchange -- In what ways was the Islamic world an important vehicle
for cultural diffusion?
VI. Key Terms / people/ places
Abbasid Caliphate al-Andalus Anatolia
Battle of Talas River Bedouins dhimmis
Al-Ghazali hadiths hajj
Hijra House of Wisdom Ibn Battuta
Ibn Sina imams jihad
Jizya Kaaba madrassas
Mecca Mozarabs Muslim
Muhammad Idn Abdullah Pillars of Islam Polo, Marco
Righly guided Caliphs Quran Sharia
Shaykhs Sikhism Suffis
Sultante of Delhi Timbuktu ulama
Umayyad Caliphate umma