Emergency Function (EF) 1

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					            Emergency Function (EF) 1


  Managing Emergency Operations
(Jefferson County's Community Emergency Management System (CEMS)




                                       Preface




     The Emergency Management Agency (EMA) is Jefferson County’s 24 hour
     “crisis monitor.” As emergency situations threaten or occur, the Jefferson
     County EMA Coordinator may convene a “Crisis Action Team (CAT)” or activate
     the Emergency Operations Center (EOC) to facilitate evaluation and incident
     planning, and possible activation and implementation of emergency functions
     and resources. Certain near instantaneous events may trigger immediate full
     EOC activation. The Emergency Operations Center (EOC) is the key to
     successful response and recovery operations. With decision and policy makers
     located together, personnel and resources can be used efficiently.
     Coordination of activities will ensure that all tasks are accomplished, and
     minimize duplication of efforts.
            Primary Agency


    Emergency Management Council
Jefferson County Emergency Management
                                               Jefferson County, Alabama
                                            Emergency Operations Center

Primary:                                                 Likely Tasks:

•   Emergency Management Council                         •   Emergency Operations Center (EOC) activation/deactivation.

•   Jefferson County Emergency Management Agency         •   A Crisis Action Team (CAT).

Support:                                                 •   A physical EOC facility, and alternate location.

•   Local Department/Agency/Organizations                •   An EOC staff.

•                                                        •   Emergency communication system.

•                                                        •   Warning system.

                                                         •   Emergency public information system.

                                                         •   Mobile command post(s).

                                                         •   Public information and media center.




                                                    State of Alabama

Primary                                                  Actions

•   Alabama Emergency Management Agency                  1. If local capabilities are exceeded, and a local emergency has been
                                                            declared, state government agencies can augment assistance to
Support                                                     local government to meet the emergency needs of victims during
                                                            declared emergencies/disasters. Requests for state assistance are
•   State agencies as required                              processed through the Jefferson County EMA.

                                                         2. The Alabama Emergency Management Agency (AEMA) receives and
                                                            coordinates requests for state assistance. The Governor may
                                                            declare a "state of emergency" to authorize use of state resources.
                                                            Additionally, AEMA will coordinate the use of state resources.




                                                   Federal Government
Primary                                      Actions

•                                            1. Federal government agencies can provide supplemental assistance
                                                to local and state government to meet the emergency needs of
Support                                         victims during declared emergencies/disasters. Requests for federal
                                                assistance are processed through Alabama Emergency Management
•   Federal agencies as required                Agency (AEMA).

                                             2. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) receives and
                                                coordinates requests for federal assistance. The President may
                                                declare an "emergency" or "disaster" to authorize use of federal
                                                resources.




                                   Jefferson County, Alabama
Volume 4:                                                                      Managing Emergency Operations

Response Function




                                Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan




                                       Emergency Function - 1


                         Managing Emergency Operations
        (Jefferson County's Community Emergency Management System (CEMS))


I. PURPOSE.



    A. To provide for the effective direction, control, and coordination of emergency operations by
       standardizing the principles and methods of emergency response in Jefferson County.



    B. To maximize effective response capabilities to multi-agency and multi-jurisdictional emergencies by
       facilitating and improving the flow of information and coordination within and between operational
       levels of the system.



    C. To provide for effective mobilization, deployment, utilization, tracking and demobilization of resources.



    D. To enhance and coordinate intelligence gathering and information sharing capabilities.




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II. POLICY.



    It is the policy of the Jefferson County Emergency Management Council:



    A. To establish overall direction, control and/or coordination through a CAT or an EOC to support the
       response to an emergency or disaster.



    B. That each department (division)/agency will designate a primary and alternate location from which to
       establish direction and control of departmental activities during an emergency or disaster. Certain
       departments may decide to direct their department operations from the EOC, depending on
       circumstances. Departments shall keep the EOC informed as to what has happened, what they can do
       about it, and what they need.



    C. That each department (division)/agency represented in the EOC operation will purchase, install, or have
       in place (depending on funding availability) a stand-alone radio unit that can be used to communicate
       between the EOC and their department operations center, or key function.



    D. To utilize the National Incident Management System (NIMS) as the organizational basis for response to
       any emergency.



    E. That law enforcement and fire services will take immediate life saving/property saving actions as
       necessary at individual emergency scenes, irrespective of a mayoral or emergency management council
       emergency proclamation.



    F. That this function may be utilized singularly or in conjunction with cat or full EOC activation.




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III. RESPONSIBILITIES.



    A. LOCAL GOVERNMENT.



        1. Local governments are encouraged to develop their own procedures to guide their initial response
           to emergency events occurring within their jurisdiction. They should consider the following
           responsibilities in their emergency planning efforts. Responsibilities that a local government cannot
           fulfill can be deferred to the Jefferson County EOC/EMA.



        2. Jefferson County EMA is the lead agency responsible for organization and mobilization of this
           function during emergencies.



        3. Each local government will:



            •   Identify a point of contact for implementation.

            •   Initiate response to emergencies and activate a local on-scene command post as necessary.

            •   Establish, maintain contact with EMA; request CAT or EOC support.

            •   Develop and maintain local emergency procedures.

            •   Provide adequate communications capabilities.

            •   Maintain a constant schedule of training, testing, and maintenance for manpower, equipment,
                supplies.



    B. JEFFERSON COUNTY EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION.




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Managing Emergency Operations                                                                    Jefferson County,

                                                                                                          Alabama




         If local government capabilities are exceeded, support may be available upon request through the
         Jefferson County EMA from the following departments/agencies that comprise the emergency
         organization for this function:



         Primary:



         1. Emergency Management Council.



             •   Provides overall direction and control.

             •   Proclaims a countywide "state of emergency," when necessary.

             •   Makes disaster declarations and requests state and federal assistance.

             •   Issues emergency rules and proclamations that have the force of law during the proclaimed
                 emergency period.

             •   Ensure that the county continues to function administratively and makes administrative policy
                 decisions.



         2. Jefferson County EMA.



             •   Designated by the Emergency Management Council to serve as lead agency for this function.

             •   Ensure development of and maintains the Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan
                 (CEMP).

             •   Provide coordination among local, state, federal, private and volunteer organizations.

             •   Maintain liaison with neighboring jurisdictions.

             •   Identifies necessary human services facilities for emergency use.




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            •   Ensure a functional EOC.

            •   Monitor the situation for CAT or EOC activation.

            •   Activate CAT/EOC when necessary.

            •   Advise elected officials, departments and agencies of government and other non-government
                relief agencies regarding the nature, magnitude and effects of the emergency.

            •   Prepare Emergency Proclamations for the Emergency Management Council.

            •   Coordinate requests for emergency assistance.

            •   Ensure the county Emergency Alert System (EAS) is functional.

            •   Establish and maintain a public information center within the EOC.

            •   Develop and maintain appropriate current emergency public information material in support of
                emergency public protection actions.

            •   Disseminate emergency information and instructions to the general public, and coordinates
                implementing actions of departmental public information officers.

            •   Develop and maintain a current personnel roster for EOC staffing.

            •   Orient and train the EOC staff and at least annually conducts an exercise of this CEMP.

            •   Review the CEMP annually and update as necessary. The update shall take into account changes
                identified by tests, exercises and actual events.

            •   Forward CEMP updates and changes to all organizations and individuals identified as having
                responsibility for implementation.



        Support:



        3. Departments/Agencies, All.




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Managing Emergency Operations                                                                     Jefferson County,

                                                                                                          Alabama




              •   Are part of the emergency management organization as outlined in this plan.

              •   Perform functions in the EOC or on-scene as assigned.



IV. CONCEPTS OF OPERATIONS.



    A. GENERAL.



         1. The Jefferson County EMA is the lead agency for facilitating coordination among local, state, federal
            and private sector agencies and groups within Jefferson County.



         2. The EMA Coordinator serves as the key element in emergency planning and is the primary
            coordinator/advisor for the Emergency Management Council.



         3. The EMA Coordinator or designee is the point of contact for state assistance.



         4. During a full EOC Activation, all EOC representatives are expected to coordinate directly with their
            functional counterparts in the local/state/federal government, and private sector.



         5. The Jefferson County Community Emergency Management System (CEMS) standardizes:



              •   Organizational levels for managing emergencies.

              •   Standardized emergency management methods.

              •   Standardized training for emergency responders and managers.




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        6. Local jurisdictions, including Jefferson County, the cities and towns, fire, school, utilities and other
           special districts, will be encouraged to be part of this system to bring together what will be needed
           to respond to an emergency event or disaster.



        7. CEMS has four basic functions: (1) formalization of a County Emergency Management Organization
           to coordinate response efforts, (2) the use of the Incident Command System (ICS) in disaster
           response, (3) standardized training and (4) the centralized gathering of intelligence and mutual aid
           requests into one Emergency Operations Center at the County level.



        8. Use of CEMS will improve the mobilization, deployment, utilization, tracking and demobilization of
           resources and greatly enhance intelligence gathering and sharing capabilities. Mutual aid requests,
           damage assessment and situation status information can be shared in a timely coordinated fashion.



    B. ORGANIZATIONAL LEVELS. (See Attachment 1, CEMS Organizational Levels chart.)



        1. CEMS consists of three organizational levels, which are activated as necessary:



            a. Field Response Level is comprised of first line responders representing their respective agencies.



            b. Local Jurisdiction Level is comprised of a political subdivision (cities/towns) and special districts
               (utilities, schools, fire, etc.). These entities are responsible for carrying out their responsibilities
               within their respective boundaries.



            c. The County level is not a single political subdivision rather a special purpose organization
               created to accomplish specific tasks during times of emergency. The Jefferson County
               Emergency Management Agency will be the lead agency in the development and operation of


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Managing Emergency Operations                                                                      Jefferson County,

                                                                                                            Alabama




                 the Jefferson County Operational Area Emergency Operations Center (EOC). It will be utilized as
                 needed for any multi-agency or multi-jurisdictional responses.



    C. STANDARDIZED MANAGEMENT METHODS.



         1. Field response personnel, local jurisdictions, and the operational area, will use the Incident
            Command System (ICS) in their emergency management environment, which is usually an incident
            command post (ICP) and the emergency operations center (EOC). ICS provides standardized
            procedures and terminology, a unified command structure, a manageable span-of-control, and an
            action planning process which identifies overall incident response strategies and specific tactical
            actions.



         2. In addition to using ICS, CEMS will also facilitate better coordination of mutual aid. Through
            improved communications within the County, resource and facility requests and deployment can be
            better coordinated. At the County level, collecting, processing and sharing damage assessment
            situation status and other intelligence information will maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of
            response efforts.



    D. CEMS EMERGENCY FUNCTIONS (EFS).



         1. Response to and recovery from emergencies and disasters begins with performance of Emergency
            Functions (EFs). EFs represent groupings of types of assistance activities that citizens are likely to
            need in times of emergency or disaster.



         2. A lead agency/department for each EF has been identified as the agency/department with Primary
            Responsibility. The lead agency/department is responsible for identifying the resources (support
            agencies) within the EF that will accomplish the mission, and will coordinate the resource delivery.




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        3. During emergencies, the Jefferson County EMA/Emergency Operations Center (EOC) determines
           which EFs are needed to meet the disaster response needs.



        4. Emergency Functions assigned to the various jurisdictions—agencies and organizations involved in
           emergency and disaster response—will generally parallel their normal day-today functions.



    E. MUTUAL AID.



        1. Incidents frequently require responses that exceed the resource capabilities of the affected
           response agencies and jurisdictions. When this occurs other agencies, local jurisdictions, and the
           state provide mutual aid. Mutual aid is voluntary aid and assistance by the provision of services and
           facilities including but not limited to: fire, police, medical and health, communications,
           transportation, and utilities. Mutual Aid is intended to provide adequate resources, facilities, and
           other support to jurisdictions whenever their own resources prove to be inadequate to cope with a
           given situation. Mutual Aid is provided between and among Jefferson County, the County’s cities
           and towns and special districts under the terms of the Agreement for Mutual aid for Emergencies
           and Disasters in Jefferson County.



        2. These systems, operating within the framework of the Agreement for Mutual aid for Emergencies
           and Disasters in Jefferson County, allow for the progressive mobilization of resources to and from
           emergency response agencies, local jurisdictions, operational areas, and state with the intent to
           provide requesting agencies with adequate resources. Several discipline-specific mutual aid systems
           have been developed, including fire and rescue, law, medical, and public works. CEMS does not alter
           existing mutual aid systems. These systems work through local jurisdictions consistent with CEMS



        3. Mutual aid may also be obtained from other states. Inter-state mutual aid may be obtained through
           direct state-to-state contacts, pursuant to inter-state agreements and compacts, or may be
           coordinated through federal agencies.




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Managing Emergency Operations                                                                       Jefferson County,

                                                                                                             Alabama




         4. To facilitate mutual aid, discipline-specific mutual aid systems work through designated mutual aid
            coordinators at the County level. The basic role of a mutual aid coordinator is to receive mutual aid
            requests, coordinate the provision of resources from within the county and to pass on unfilled
            requests to the state.



         5. Jefferson County EMA staff at the County level handle mutual aid requests that do not fall into one
            of the discipline-specific mutual aid systems. Mutual aid coordinators may function from an EOC,
            their normal departmental location, or other locations depending on the circumstances. Some
            incidents require mutual aid but do not necessitate activation of the affected local jurisdiction or
            operational area EOC's because of the incident’s limited impacts. In such cases, mutual aid
            coordinators typically handle requests from their normal work location. When the County EOC is
            activated, mutual aid system representatives should be at the County EOC to facilitate coordination
            and information flow.



    F. DIRECTION AND CONTROL.



         1. General.



              a. The Chief Elected Official (CEO) of the local government in whose jurisdiction the emergency
                 occurs will exercise direction and control activities within that jurisdiction. CEO will coordinate
                 with the EMA Coordinator who is responsible for implementing the CEMP or portions of the
                 CEMP. Each jurisdiction shall establish Standard Operating Guidelines (SOGs) to control and
                 direct response actions. The EMA Coordinator will coordinate actions between local
                 governments and agencies as necessary and direct response actions in unincorporated areas of
                 the county. In cases where local resources to contend with an emergency do not exist or have
                 been depleted, the affected CEO, in coordination with the EMA Coordinator, should request
                 state aid through the state EOC.



              b. The CEO of the local government may declare a "State of Emergency" to expedite access to local
                 resources needed to cope with the incident. If the needed response exceeds these local


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                 capabilities, a disaster has occurred. The CEO may, by emergency proclamation, use local
                 resources and employees as necessary, and alter functions of departments and personnel, as
                 necessary. The Jefferson County Emergency Management Council has the authority to declare a
                 "state of emergency" in support of a local government emergency. If the situation is beyond
                 capability of department/agencies/organizations within the county, a request for state and/or
                 federal assistance may be in the original proclamation, or included in a second proclamation
                 presented to the Governor through the Alabama Emergency Management Agency. If state
                 and/or federal resources are made available, they will be under the operational control of the
                 EMA Coordinator/EOC.



            c. On behalf of the Emergency Management Council, the EMA Coordinator has the responsibility
               for coordinating the entire emergency management organization. The Coordinator makes all
               routine decisions and advises the officials on courses of action available for major decisions.
               During emergency operations the Coordinator is responsible for the proper functioning of the
               EOC. The Coordinator also acts as a liaison with state and federal emergency agencies, and
               neighboring counties.



            d. The Emergency Operations Center (EOC) is the central point for emergency management
               operations. The purpose of this central point is to ensure harmonious response when the
               emergency involves more than one political entity and several response agencies. Coordination
               and supervision of all services will be through the EOC Manager and Section Chiefs to provide
               for the most efficient management of resources.



            e. During emergency situations, certain agencies will be required to relocate their center of control
               to the EOC. During large-scale emergencies, the EOC will become the seat of government for the
               duration of the crisis. However, in some situations it may be appropriate for some agencies to
               operate from an alternate site other than the EOC or their primary location.



            f.   Specific persons and agencies are responsible for fulfilling their obligations as presented in the
                 Basic Plan and Emergency Function Annexes. Department/agency heads will retain control over




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January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                       Jefferson County,

                                                                                                            Alabama




                  their employees and equipment. Each department/agency shall develop Standard Operating
                  Guidelines (SOGs) to be followed during response operations.



              g. Department/agency heads and other officials legally administering their office may perform
                 their emergency function(s) on their own initiative if, in their judgment, the safety or welfare of
                 citizens of the county are threatened. The EMA Coordinator should be notified as rapidly as
                 possible.



              h. During an EOC activation, emergency services will be represented in the EOC by Branch
                 Coordinator, who will coordinate their activities under the supervision of the EOC Manager.




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        2. Local Governments: Direction and Control.



            The response organization of a local government is the responsibility of the Chief Elected Official
            (CEO). It consists of all agencies and resources of that local government and applicable volunteer and
            private resources. The CEO may, by emergency proclamation, use the jurisdiction's resources and
            employees as necessary, and alter functions of departments and personnel as necessary. If "outside"
            resources are needed, the request will be through the EMA Coordinator or EOC. Resources made
            available to the local government will be under the operational control of the CEO or his designee.
            When the resource mission is completed, the EMA Coordinator or EOC will be notified, and the
            resource returned for other assignment.



        3. Jefferson County Emergency Organization: Direction and Control.



            a. The Emergency Management Council, through the EMA Coordinator, is responsible for the
               direction, control, and coordination of emergency management activities within Jefferson
               County.



            b. The Emergency Management Council’s responsibility for the preparation for, and carrying out of
               emergency functions to prevent/mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from
               emergencies/disasters; and the authority for direction and control of the organization,
               administration and operation of the emergency management program is found in the state law,
               as amended, and the Jefferson County Resolution, as amended.



            c. In accordance with County Resolution and City Ordinances the emergency management
               organization of the county is the responsibility of the Emergency Management Council. The
               emergency organization consists of all agencies and resources of county and city government,
               and applicable volunteer and private resources. The Emergency Management Council may, by
               emergency proclamation, use county and city resources and employees as necessary, and alter
               functions of departments and personnel, as necessary. In addition, if state and/or federal




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January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                         Jefferson County,

                                                                                                              Alabama




                   resources are made available to the county, they will be under the operational control of the
                   Emergency Management Council or EMA Coordinator.



              d. All local government departments (divisions)/agencies are part of the emergency management
                 organization as outlined in this plan. This plan will be utilized to guide response to
                 emergencies/disasters or the imminent threat thereof, and to guide CAT support to field
                 operations.



              e. The Emergency Management Council may curtail or extend Emergency Declarations, and may
                 adopt Emergency Ordinances.



              f.   Continuity of government and lines of succession are detailed in the Basic Plan.



         4. Crisis Action Team (Cat) and Crisis Monitoring.



              a. The Jefferson County EMA is the county’s 24 hour "crisis monitor." The EMA Coordinator
                 provides an ongoing independent analysis of incoming information provided by such agencies
                 and systems as: The National Warning System (NAWAS); AEMA; the National Weather Service
                 (NWS).



              b. Additionally, local government dispatch centers will notify the EMA Coordinator when certain
                 events have reached predefined levels, such as:



                   •   Power outages.

                   •   Major fire requiring emergency shelter for victims.

                   •   Weather warnings.


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                 •   Incidents that require coordination of multiple departments/agencies/organizations.

                 •   Mass casualty incidents.

                 •   Major hazardous materials spill.

                 •   Search and rescue incident.

                 •   Explosions.



            c. As emergency situations threaten or occur, the EMA Coordinator may convene a "Crisis Action
               Team (CAT)" to facilitate the process of evaluation and incident planning, and possible activation
               and implementation of emergency functions and resources. The CAT can also be used to support
               "Incident Commanders" in field situations.



            d. The CAT is a flexible, supporting/coordinating service that could be: One person at home
               facilitating the coordination of personnel and resources to an incident scene; several people
               convening to review an evolving threat; or, many people in the Emergency Operations Center
               (EOC) or on-scene to assist the Incident Commander as needed.



            e. Core members of the EMA CAT include: Emergency Management Council Chairperson, EMA
               Coordinator, Fire Services Branch Coordinator, Law Enforcement Branch Coordinator, Public
               Works Branch Coordinator, Public Health Services Branch Coordinator, Legal Officer, and other
               services coordinators as required. However, any department/agency/organization could be
               called upon to provide a representative to the CAT. Exactly who is called and ultimately how
               many people will serve on the CAT is dependent upon the situation and the emergency
               functions that will be activated.



            f.   A CAT may be activated in support of an emergency situation within a particular local
                 government. Normal local government CAT membership includes: Mayor, County EMA
                 Coordinator, Fire Chief, Police Chief, Public Works Director, City Attorney, County Health Officer
                 as needed, and any other municipal department as required.



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Managing Emergency Operations                                                                      Jefferson County,

                                                                                                           Alabama




         5. Jefferson County On-Scene Management Incident Command System (ICS).



              a. The County's on-scene response to emergencies follows the concepts of the National Incident
                 Management System (NIMS).



              b. The person in charge at the incident is the on-scene Incident Commander who is responsible for
                 ensuring each agency on scene can carry out its responsibilities.



              c. Jefferson County and/or municipal emergency responders are likely to be the first on the scene
                 of an emergency situation. They will normally take charge and remain in charge of the incident
                 until it is resolved or others who have legal authority to do so assume responsibility. They will
                 seek guidance and direction from local officials and seek technical assistance from state and
                 federal agencies and industry where appropriate.



              d. The first local emergency responder to arrive at the scene of an emergency situation will
                 implement the incident command system and serve as the incident commander until relieved by
                 a more senior or more qualified individual.



              e. Upon arriving at an incident scene, the Incident Commander shall:



                  •   Establish an incident command post, and direct the on-scene response.

                  •   Isolate the scene.

                  •   Assess the situation and identify hazards.

                  •   Warn the population in the area of the incident; provide emergency instructions.




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                 •   Determine and implement protective measures (evacuation or in-place sheltering) for
                        the population in the immediate area of the incident.

                 •   Implementing traffic control arrangements in and around the incident scene.

                 •   Develop objectives (tasks to be done).

                 •   Ensure appropriate safety and personnel protective measures.

                 •   Develop an action plan and priorities.

                 •   In coordination with the CAT and/or EOC, contact appropriate agencies or personnel
                         with expertise and capability to carry out the incident action plan.

                 •   Coordinate, as appropriate, with other first responder agencies.

                 •   Request additional resources from the EOC.



            f.   When more than one agency is involved at an incident scene, the agency having jurisdiction and
                 other responding agencies shall work together to ensure that each agency’s objectives are
                 identified and coordinated.



            g. Team problem solving should facilitate effective response. Other agency personnel working in
               support of the Incident Command system will maintain their normal chain of command, but will
               be under control of the County or municipal on-scene Incident Commander.



            h. The on-scene Incident Commander may designate a Public Information Officer to work with the
               news media at an incident. This may include coordinating agency media releases and arranging
               contacts between the media and response agencies. If additional support is needed, the Crisis
               Action Team (CAT) and/or the EOC may be activated.



            i.   During widespread emergencies or disasters, emergency operations with different objectives
                 may be conducted at geographically separated scenes. Incident command will be established at
                 each site. When this situation occurs, it is particularly important that the allocation of resources


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January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                        Jefferson County,

                                                                                                             Alabama




                   to specific field operations be coordinated through the EOC. Incident Command Post(s) will link
                   to the EOC via radio, telephone or cell phone.



              j.   In emergency situations where other jurisdictions or the state or federal government are
                   providing significant response resources or technical assistance, it is generally desirable to
                   transition from the normal ICS structure to a Unified Command structure. Principles of Area
                   Command or Multi-agency Coordinated Systems may also apply. This arrangement helps to
                   ensure that all participating agencies are involved in developing objectives and strategies to deal
                   with the emergency.



         6. Emergency Operations Center - Activation.



              a. Although the field incident command system is an outstanding way of managing manpower,
                 resources and logistics on scene at an emergency or disaster incident, it should not be
                 considered sufficient in and of itself to handle all management aspects of a disaster or
                 emergency. Anytime a disaster or emergency situation goes beyond the capability of a single
                 jurisdiction, or requires multiple agencies or departments, the activation and use of the County
                 EMA Emergency Operating Center should be mandatory.



              b. The Emergency Operations Center (EOC) is an essential tool for successful response and
                 recovery operations. With decision and policy makers located together, personnel and resources
                 can be used efficiently. Coordination of activities will ensure that all tasks are accomplished,
                 minimizing duplication of efforts.



              c. The Jefferson County EMA Emergency Operating Center is the place where the EMA Council and
                 other chief elected officials, major department heads and specialized resources will come
                 together and handle county and community-wide policies, decisions, media relations,
                 manpower and resource procurement. This is especially important when the damage or disaster
                 strikes in several locations involving multiple jurisdictions, where several field command posts
                 may be established and when the sociological, political, and media impacts will be great.


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                 Coordination of activities will ensure that all tasks are accomplished, minimizing duplication of
                 efforts.



            d. Depending upon the severity and magnitude of the disaster, activation of the EOC may not be
               necessary, may only be partially required, or may require full activation. Partial activation would
               be dictated by the characteristics of the disaster and would involve only those persons needing
               to interact in providing the County 's coordinated response.



                 •   EOC activation levels will generally follow the “emergency levels” as described in     the
                     Basic Plan.



            e. The EOC may be fully activated by decision of the Crisis Action Team (CAT) or the EMA
               Coordinator.



            f.   When the decision is made to activate the EOC, the Emergency Management Coordinator will
                 notify the appropriate staff members to report to the EOC. The EOC Management staff will take
                 action to notify and mobilize the appropriate organizations and operations centers which they
                 are responsible for coordinating.



            g. Departments (Divisions), agencies, organizations assigned to an EOC function, when notified,
               will:



                 •   Call-up and dispatch their personnel to the EOC as per their Standard Operating Guidelines
                     (SOGs).




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Managing Emergency Operations                                                                       Jefferson County,

                                                                                                             Alabama




                  •   Activate and ensure their emergency communication systems are functioning, especially
                      internally to their key personnel (as per their SOGs) and from their key operating locations
                      to the EOC.



                  •   Activate their SOGs and be prepared to carry out their responsibilities as indicated in this
                      plan. Specific "how to" actions and tasking to perform indicated responsibilities are found
                      within each department’s/agency’s SOGs.



              h. When the EOC is activated, it is essential to establish a division of responsibilities between the
                 incident command post and the EOC. It is essential that a precise division of responsibilities be
                 determined for specific emergency operations. Common EOC tasks include:



                  •   Assemble accurate information on the emergency situation and current resource data to
                      allow County and municipal officials to make informed decisions on courses of action.



                  •   Work with representatives of emergency services, determine and prioritize required
                      response actions and coordinate their implementation.



                  •   Suspend or curtail government services, recommend the closure of schools and businesses,
                      and cancellation of public events.



                  •   Provide resource support for the incident command operations.



                  •   Issue county-wide warning.



                  •   Issue instructions and provide information to the general public.


EF # 1 - 24                                                                                                    CEMP

                                                                                                        January, 2008
Volume 4:                                                                     Managing Emergency Operations

Response Function




                •   Organize and implement large-scale evacuation.



                •   Organize and implement shelter and mass arrangements for evacuees.



                •   Coordinate traffic control for large-scale evacuations.



                •   Request assistance from the state and other external sources.



        7. Emergency Operations Center (EOC) - Organization and Staffing. (See Attachment 2.)



            Note: Complete EOC operational details, to include detailed job descriptions and checklists of
            tasks, are contained in the Emergency Operations Center Standard Operating Guidelines, published
            separately.



            a. Overview.



                        •        The Emergency Operations Center (EOC) is organized and will function according
                        to the "National Incident Management System’s (NIMS) Incident Command System
                        (ICS)" principles.



                        •     The Command Structure is intended to be flexible and should be tailored by the
                        “EMA Coordinator,” the EOC Manager, and the “EOC Section Chiefs,” to meet the
                        demands of any particular situation.




CEMP                                                                                                 EF # 1 - 25

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                       Jefferson County,

                                                                                                            Alabama




                         •       In this system, the Emergency Management Council exercises its authority and
                         responsibility which will provide overall policy and guidance for developing the strategic
                         objectives in dealing with any emergency/disaster.



                         •        The EMA Coordinator is responsible to the “EMA Council” and will implement
                         policy directives, and will have overall management responsibility for the incident.



                         •        The “EOC Manager” will be responsible to the Emergency Management Council,
                         and will implement policy directives and will have overall management responsibility for
                         the incident.

                 Note: The term "EOC Manager" is used instead of Incident Commander (per Incident
                    Command System), to avoid confusion with the "Incident Commanders" in the field.



                 •   The EOC Manager directs EOC response actions to save lives and protect property and
                     recommends/instigates population protective actions.



                 •   Within the framework of the Crisis Action Team (CAT) or Emergency Operations Center
                     (EOC), all available resources are identified and mobilized as necessary. Tasks are prioritized
                     and resources used within this priority framework.



              b. EOC Management Section.



                 •   The Management Section provides direction and control necessary to conduct emergency
                     operations and manage resources to respond to the effects of an emergency or disaster.
                     This group includes the Chairperson and a Vice-Chairman of the Emergency Management
                     Council, the EOC Manager, the EOC Support Manager, the Public Information Officer, Risk
                     Management, Liaison Officer, and Legal Officer.




EF # 1 - 26                                                                                                    CEMP

                                                                                                       January, 2008
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                •   The Emergency Management Council establishes policy and is ultimately responsible for all
                    emergency actions. The Council disseminates policy guidance and direction through the EOC
                    Manager.



                •   The "EOC Manager" is responsible to the Emergency Management Council and facilitates
                    efficient EOC operations. The EOC Manager ensures that the EOC physical plant is ready and
                    functional, and provides administrative and logistical support to the EOC operation through
                    the EOC Support Manager.



                •   The "Crisis Action Team" would normally evolve into an EOC operation with CAT members
                    staffing various positions in the EOC. During countywide emergencies, municipal CATs could
                    remain in place coordinating emergency operations within their jurisdiction. The EMA
                    coordinator is a member of a municipal CAT (see Section G in this Annex).



                •   The EOC “Assistant Manager” reports to the EMA Coordinator and ensures that the facility,
                    personnel, administrative needs of the EOC are met.



                •   The "Public Information Officer" will serve on the EMA Coordinator's staff, as well as advise
                    the Policy/Executive Group.



                •   The "Safety Officer" will advise the EMA Coordinator on EOC and operational safety issues.



                •   The EOC Manager may also add a "Liaison Officer" to be the point of contact with other
                    agencies.




CEMP                                                                                                     EF # 1 - 27

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                    Jefferson County,

                                                                                                         Alabama




                 •   "Legal Officer" will advise the EMA Coordinator on legal issues pertaining to emergency
                     operations.



                 •   The "EOC Manager" is responsible to the Emergency Management Council for the
                     management of incident activities, including the development and implementation of
                     strategic decisions, and approving the ordering and releasing of resources. Various county or
                     city department or division heads may function as the EOC Manager. Exactly who functions
                     in this position will depend upon the nature of the emergency/disaster.



              c. EOC Operations Section.



                 •   The Operations Section Chief is responsible for the management and coordination of all
                     tactical operations of the incident. The Operations Chief helps formulate and interprets
                     strategy established by the EOC Manager, and implements it tactically according to EOC
                     operating guidelines through the various branches within the operations section. The
                     Operations Section Chief supervises all functions within the section. All functions not
                     assigned by the Section Chief are the responsibility of the Section Chief.



                 •   The EOC Manager appoints an "Operations Sections Chief." Exactly who staffs this position
                     will depend upon the nature of the emergency, disaster.



                 •   The Operation Section consists of the following branches:



                     --   Public Works, Emergency Engineering Branch.

                     --   Emergency Medical Services Branch.

                     --   Public Health Services Branch.

                     --   Fire Services Branch.


EF # 1 - 28                                                                                                 CEMP

                                                                                                     January, 2008
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Response Function




                    --   Law Enforcement Services Branch.



            d. EOC Planning Section.



                •   The Planning Section Chief is responsible for the collection, evaluation, dissemination and
                    use of information about the development of the incident and the status of resources.
                    Information is needed to: understand the current situation; predict the probable course of
                    incident events; and prepare alternative strategies and control operations for the incident.
                    The Planning Chief conducts planning meetings and is responsible for producing a written
                    incident action plan, if directed by the EOC Manager. All functions not assigned by the
                    Section Chief are the responsibility of the Section Chief.



                •   The EOC Manager appoints a "Planning Section Chief." Exactly who staffs this position will
                    depend upon the nature of the emergency/disaster.



                •   The Planning Section consists of the following branches:



                    -    Situation Analysis Unit.

                    -    Documentation Unit.

                    -    Advance Planning Unit.

                    -    Technical Services Unit.

                    -    Damage Assessment Unit.

                    -    Resource Status Unit

                    -    GIS Unit.




CEMP                                                                                                    EF # 1 - 29

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                        Jefferson County,

                                                                                                             Alabama




              e. EOC Logistics Section.



                   •   The Logistics Section Chief is responsible for providing and coordinating all support needs to
                       include facilities, services, personnel, equipment and supplies. All functions not assigned by
                       the Section Chief are the responsibility of the Section Chief.



                   •   The EOC Manager appoints a "Logistics Section Chief." Exactly who staffs this position will
                       depend upon the nature of the emergency/disaster.



                   •   The Logistics Section consists of the following branches:



                       -   Logistics Services Branch.

                       -   Logistics Support Branch.



              f.   EOC Finance Section.



                   •   The EOC Finance Section Chief is responsible for tracking all incident costs, providing related
                       administrative functions, and providing guidance to the EOC Manager of financial issues that
                       may have an impact on incident operations. All functions not assigned by the Section Chief
                       are the responsibility of the Section Chief.



                   •   The EOC Manager appoints a "Finance Section Chief." Exactly who staffs this position will
                       depend upon the nature of the emergency, disaster.



                   •   The Finance Section consists of the following units:



EF # 1 - 30                                                                                                     CEMP

                                                                                                         January, 2008
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                    -   Compensation/Claims Unit.

                    -   Cost Unit.

                    -   Purchasing/Procurement Unit.

                    -   Time Record Management and Processing Unit.

                    -   Disaster Financial Assistance Unit



        8. Emergency Operating Center Location/Capabilities.



            a. The EOC is located underneath the parking deck adjacent to Birmingham City Hall, 709 North
               19th Street, Birmingham, Alabama, 35203.



            b. The EOC Public Information Officer who, in a major disaster or emergency, coordinates all field
               incident command post information and combines it with major policy and political decisions
               made by the Emergency Management Council and other elected officials, will work out of the
               EOC. The EOC Public Information Officer will be the sole source for official media liaison in a
               disaster incident. He/she will see that each press release is approved by the Emergency
               Management Council or the EOC Manager before being released. The PIO will also coordinate
               press conferences and media site tours to field incident command posts, when necessary.



            c. The EOC will also have the ability to open up a media and public information hotline to allow
               members of the press, including national network media and local citizens, to call one number
               for all information they require. This service will greatly free up the field incident commander to
               worry about the operational details of containing an on-scene incident without having to deal
               with press or citizen inundation.



            d. The County EOC has a direct two-way radio capability with various agencies.


CEMP                                                                                                     EF # 1 - 31

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                       Jefferson County,

                                                                                                             Alabama




         9. Controls, Continuity of Operations.



              a. In an emergency there will be two levels of control. The first level of control will be at the scene
                 of the incident. The second level will be at the EOC where overall coordination will be exercised.



              b. In a single site emergency, the government body having jurisdiction will respond to the scene.
                 The on-scene management will fall under the jurisdiction of the local department best qualified
                 to conduct the response, recovery and control operations. The department’s senior
                 representative at the scene will become the on-scene incident commander and will be
                 responsible for the overall response operations. The field incident commanders are local
                 officials, usually fire or police officers. The local coordination and commitment authority for
                 local resources is retained by the local elected officials, and delegated as appropriate.



              c. During widespread emergencies, decision-making authority and control of the emergency is
                 retained by the Emergency Management Council through the actions of the CAT or activation of
                 the EOC.



              d. The Jefferson County EOC, once activated, directs and controls a response to an emergency or
                 disaster.



              e. The EOC may be partially activated to coordinate support for an on-scene incident commander,
                 without activating the full emergency management organization.



              f.   During the effective period of any declared emergency, the EOC Incident Manager directs and
                   controls all emergency response activities and employs all necessary emergency resources
                   according to the provisions of this plan.




EF # 1 - 32                                                                                                     CEMP

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            g. Continuity of Operations.



                 •   The EOC may be required to operate on a 24 hour basis for the duration of an incident or
                     disaster.

                 •   During a 24 hour operation, shifts will normally be 8-12 hours in length.



                 •   Each position in the EOC must have a total of at least three people designated for staffing
                     during 24 hour operations.



            h. EOC Operating Procedures.



                 •   Operating procedures for the EOC are maintained by EMA Coordinator and updated
                     annually on the anniversary of this plan, or when needed.



        10. Facilities.



            a. Incident Command Post.



                 •   When appropriate, an incident command post(s) will be established in the vicinity of the
                     incident site(s). The incident commander will be responsible for directing the emergency
                     response and managing the resources at the incident scene.



            b. Emergency Operations Center.



CEMP                                                                                                     EF # 1 - 33

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                      Jefferson County,

                                                                                                           Alabama




                 •   The EOC is located underneath the parking deck adjacent to Birmingham City Hall, 709
                     North 19th Street, Birmingham, Alabama, 35203.



                 •   Each jurisdiction is encouraged to establish an on-scene command post. These facilities will
                     link to the county EOC via radio or telephone.



              c. Department/Agency Operating Locations.



                 •   Each department/agency is directed to establish a primary location and alternate location
                     from which to establish direction and control of its respective activities in an emergency or
                     disaster. This may be from the EOC, or other location, depending upon the circumstances.



              d. Communications. (Also see EF 6: Communications Systems.)



                 •   Most departments/agencies involved in disaster operations will maintain operations or
                     dispatch centers that will control the operations of the emergency forces under their
                     control.



                 •   Any department/agency operating from another location will maintain contact with the EOC
                     through direct redundant communication, such as telephone and radio.



                 •   All departments/agencies are responsible to insure that communication systems are in place
                     between EOC representatives and their department/agency.




EF # 1 - 34                                                                                                   CEMP

                                                                                                      January, 2008
Volume 4:                                                                      Managing Emergency Operations

Response Function




                •   Communications to the general public will be through the media, coordinated by the on-
                    scene Public Information Officers (PIOs) and the EOC Information Officer. The Emergency
                    Alert System (EAS) is accessed through the EOC.



                •   There is a cooperative agreement between the EMA and the RACES group to utilize the
                    privately owned services and equipment of county amateur radio operators during severe
                    weather or other disaster or emergency situations throughout the county.



                •   The EOC Manager activates the EOC Communications Center and provides staff for all shifts
                    to coordinate response activities and to provide communication and repair capabilities to
                    county agencies.



        11. Administration.



            Jefferson County EMA is responsible for establishing the administrative controls necessary to
            manage the expenditure of funds and to provide reasonable accountability and justification for
            expenditures made to support emergency operations. This shall be done in accordance with the
            established County fiscal policies and standard cost accounting procedures. See Emergency Function
            21: Financial Management, for additional details.



        12. Mutual Aid Agreements and Contracts.



            a. Should local resources prove to be inadequate during an emergency, request will be made for
               assistance for other local jurisdictions, other agencies, and industry in accordance with existing
               mutual-aid agreements and contracts and those agreements and contracts concluded during the
               emergency. Such assistance may include equipment, supplies, or personnel. All agreements will
               be entered into by authorized officials and will be in writing whenever possible.




CEMP                                                                                                   EF # 1 - 35

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                    Jefferson County,

                                                                                                         Alabama




         13. Reports.



              County and Municipal departments are expected to complete and submit reports as required by
              Jefferson County EMA.



         14. Records.



              a. Local departments are responsible for keeping records of the name, arrival time, duration of
                 utilization, departure time and other information relative to the service of emergency workers,
                 as well as documentation of the injuries, lost or damaged equipment, and any extraordinary
                 costs.



              b. Local governments have established administrative controls necessary to manage the
                 expenditure made to support emergency operations. This is done in accordance with the
                 established local fiscal policies and standard cost accounting procedures.



              c. The Incident Command Post and the EOC shall maintain accurate logs recording key response
                 activities.



              d. For major emergencies or disasters, all departments and agencies participating in the
                 emergency response shall maintain detailed of cost for emergency operations to include:



                 •   Personnel costs, especially overtime costs.

                 •   Equipment operations costs.

                 •   Costs for leased or rented equipment.




EF # 1 - 36                                                                                                 CEMP

                                                                                                     January, 2008
Volume 4:                                                                       Managing Emergency Operations

Response Function




                •   Costs for contract services to support emergency operations.

                •   Costs of specialized supplies expended for emergency operations.



        These records may be used to recover costs from the responsible party or insurers, or as a basis for
        requesting financial assistance for certain allowable response and recovery costs from the state and/or
        federal government.



    G. EMA CONTINUITY OF OPERATIONS PLAN (COOP)



        1. The EMA COOP, published separately, establishes policy and guidance to ensure that EMA can
           perform its mission essential functions to the extent possible in the event that Jefferson County is
           threatened



        2. COOP constitutes the EMA’s plan to ensure the continuation of the mission essential function to
           keep the EOC operational at any location. The objectives of such a plan are to mitigate risks; reduce
           disruption of operations; protect essential equipment, records, and other assets; minimize damage
           and loss; provide organizational and operational stability; facilitate decision making during an
           emergency; and achieve an orderly recovery.



        3. The following events could mandate the activation of the EMA COOP.



            •   The Emergency Operations Center and/or Birmingham City Hall buildings are closed to normal
                business as a result of an event or credible threats of action that would preclude access or use
                of the Emergency Operations Center and/or Birmingham City Hall and surrounding area.




CEMP                                                                                                     EF # 1 - 37

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                   Jefferson County,

                                                                                                        Alabama




              •   The downtown Birmingham, Alabama, metropolitan area is closed to normal business activities
                  as a result of a widespread utility failure, natural disaster, significant hazardous material
                  incident, civil disturbance, or terrorist or military attack(s).



V. ATTACHMENTS AND/OR REFERENCES.



    A. ATTACHMENTS.



         1. CEMS Organizational Levels.

         2. Jefferson County Designated Incident Command Agencies per Hazard.

         3. EOC Organizational Chart.



    B. REFERENCES.



         1. Jefferson County EMA Continuity of Operations Plan (COOP).




EF # 1 - 38                                                                                                CEMP

                                                                                                    January, 2008
Volume 4:                                                                                           Managing Emergency Operations

Response Function




                                                              Attachment 1


                        CEMS                                           State

                 Organizational                                         EOC

                      Levels                                    Jefferson County



                    EOC=Emergency                                       EOC
                     Operations Center
                  Local Jurisdiction                                                                         Local Jurisdiction
                 ICP=Incident Command
                            Post


                                            Incident
       Incident
                                            #3 ICP
                                                                                                                        Incident
        #1 ICP            Incident                                                                                         ICP
                                                        Local Jurisdiction
                           #2 ICP

                        Incident
                        Command                                                                                         Unincorporat
                        er                                                                                              ed Area
 Operations           Plans &               Logistics               Finance                                             Incident
                   Intelligence                                 Administration                                Local Jurisdiction
                                                                                                                       # 2 ICP

                           Unincorporat
                           ed Area                                            Local Jurisdiction
                           Incident
                                                                                                                             Incident
                              Incident
                           # 1 ICP                                                                                            #2 ICP
                              Command
                              er                                                                                   Incident
         Operations               Plans &               Logistics               Finance                             #1 ICP
                                Intelligence                                 Administration
                                                                                                   Local Jurisdiction
                                               Local Jurisdiction


CEMP                                                                                                                               EF # 1 - 39
                        Incident
January, 2008                                                                                          Incident
                         #1 ICP                               Incident
                                                                                                          ICP
                                                               #2 ICP
Managing Emergency Operations   Jefferson County,

                                        Alabama




EF # 1 - 40                                CEMP

                                   January, 2008
Volume 4:                                 Managing Emergency Operations

Response Function




                    Blank Intentionally




CEMP                                                           EF # 1 - 41

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations   Jefferson County,

                                        Alabama




EF # 1 - 42                                CEMP

                                   January, 2008
Volume 4:                                                                                                                                              Managing Emergency Operations

Response Function




                                                                            Attachment 3



                                                                            Jefferson County

                          Designated Incident Command Agencies per Hazard




                                                                             EM Council Chairperson
                                   Local Government CEO




                                                                                                                      Law Enforcement
                                                          EMA Coordinator




                                                                                                                                                                        Social Services
                                                                                                                                                        Public Health
                                                                                                                                        Public Works




                                                                                                                                                                                          Legal Officer
           Hazard Event                                                                               Fire Services


   (As per Jefferson County HVA)

Natural

Cold, Extreme

Drought/Water Shortage

Dam/Levee Failure

Earthquake

Epidemic, Human

Flooding

Heat, Extreme

Hurricane/Tropical Storm

Landshift, Subsidence (sink
holes)




CEMP                                                                                                                                                                                                      EF # 1 - 43

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                                                                                                                 Jefferson County,

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Alabama




                                                                            EM Council Chairperson
                                   Local Government CEO




                                                                                                                     Law Enforcement
                                                          EMA Coordinator




                                                                                                                                                                      Social Services
                                                                                                                                                      Public Health
                                                                                                                                       Public Works




                                                                                                                                                                                        Legal Officer
                                                                                                     Fire Services
            Hazard Event

   (As per Jefferson County HVA)

Search/Rescue Emergency,
Aircraft, Marine, Medical

Severe Storms

Tornado

Wildfires

Winter Storms, Freezes

Technological

Communication Failure

Energy Emergency,
Fuel/Resource Shortage

Fire, Explosion

Fire, Structural

Hazardous Materials, Fixed
Facility

Hazardous Materials,
Transportation

Nuclear Accident

Power/Utility Failure




EF # 1 - 44                                                                                                                                                                                                    CEMP

                                                                                                                                                                                                        January, 2008
Volume 4:                                                                                                                                              Managing Emergency Operations

Response Function




                                                                             EM Council Chairperson
                                    Local Government CEO




                                                                                                                      Law Enforcement
                                                           EMA Coordinator




                                                                                                                                                                        Social Services
                                                                                                                                                        Public Health
                                                                                                                                        Public Works




                                                                                                                                                                                          Legal Officer
                                                                                                      Fire Services
          Hazard Event

    (As per Jefferson County HVA)

Transportation Accident,
Aircraft, Marine, Motor
Vehicle, Railroad (mass
casualty)

Human/Societal

Civil Disturbance: Riot,
Demonstration, Violent
Protest, Illegal Assembly

Hostage Situation

Military Conflict

Strike

Terrorism: Bomb Blast,
Economic, Incendiary,
Sabotage, Prolonged/Multiple
Hostage

Terrorism, WMD: Biological,
Chemical, Nuclear

•        Chemical Agents

•        Biological Agents

•        Explosion




CEMP                                                                                                                                                                                                      EF # 1 - 45

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                                                                                                                                                                  Jefferson County,

                                                                                                                                                                                                             Alabama




                                                                             EM Council Chairperson
                                    Local Government CEO




                                                                                                                      Law Enforcement
                                                           EMA Coordinator




                                                                                                                                                                       Social Services
                                                                                                                                                       Public Health
                                                                                                                                        Public Works




                                                                                                                                                                                         Legal Officer
                                                                                                      Fire Services
          Hazard Event

    (As per Jefferson County HVA)

•        Nuclear Devices

•        Radiological

•        Firearms

•        Incendiary Devices

Workplace Violence




EF # 1 - 46                                                                                                                                                                                                     CEMP

                                                                                                                                                                                                         January, 2008
Section 4:                    Managing Emergency Operations

Emergency Function (EF) – 1




CEMP                                              EF # 1 - 47

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations                       Jefferson County,

                                                            Alabama




                                Blank Intentional




EF # 1 - 48                                                    CEMP

                                                       January, 2008
Section 4:                                          Managing Emergency Operations

Emergency Function (EF) – 1




                              Blank Intentionally


CEMP                                                                    EF # 1 - 49

January, 2008
Managing Emergency Operations   Jefferson County,

                                        Alabama




EF # 1 - 50                                CEMP

                                   January, 2008
Section 4:                                          Managing Emergency Operations

Emergency Function (EF) – 1




                              Blank Intentionally


CEMP                                                                    EF # 1 - 51

January, 2008
     Operation Section Chief                     Planning Section Chief            EOC Logistics Section Chief                Finance Section Chief



                                                                                           Logistics Services Branch               Compensation/Claims Unit
                                                        Situation Analysis Unit
Managing Emergency Operations
        Public Works Branch Coordinator
                                                                                                                                            Cost Unit                Jefferson County,
                                                                                                Mass Care Group
                                                          Documentation Unit
                                                                                                                                  Purchasing/Procurement Unit
           Public Works Operation Unit                  Advance Planning Unit                        Mass Care Unit                                                          Alabama
                                                                                                                                            Time Unit
                                                                                                      Sheltering Unit
          Construction/Engineering Unit                Damage Assessment Unit
                                                                                                    Special Needs Unit
                                                                                                                                Disaster Financial Assistance Unit
         Damage/Safety Assessment Unit                                                             American Red Cross
                                                      Damage Assessment Teams
                                                                                              Animal/Veterinary Unit
                   Utilities Unit
                                                         Resource Status Unit
                                                                                          Personnel Management Group
 Emergency Medical Services Branch Coordinator
                                                                GIS Unit

                                                                                                  Local Manpower Unit
               EMS Operation Unit                        Technical Specialist(s)
                                                                                               Religious/Volunteer Org Unit

            Hospital Coordination Unit                                                  Donated Goods and Services Unit


             Private Ambulance Unit                                                         Logistics Support Branch


        Public Health Branch Coordinator


                                                                                          Resource Management Group
          Public Health Operations Unit


                                                                                                 Equipment/Supplies Unit
           Mental Health Services Uinit
                                                                                              Food/Water/Commodities Unit
                Epidemiology Unit
                                                                                                   Energy/Utilities Unit

                                                                                                Facilities/Maintenance Unit
        Fire Services Branch Coordinator
                                                                                              Military Support Unit

          Fire Services Operations Unit
                                                                                             Communications Group

             Search and Rescue Unit
                                                                                                     Telephone Unit
            Hazardous Materials Unit
                                                                                                        Radio Unit

                                                                                                      Computer Unit
     Law Enforcement Branch Coordinator

                                                                                               Transportation Unit

        Law Enforcement Operations Unit


         Coroner/Medical Examiner Unit


                 Evacuation Unit




EF # 1 - 52                                                                                                                                                                     CEMP

                                                                                                                                                                        January, 2008

				
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