Marijuana Marijuana • Cannabis or marijuana is a plant that grows

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Marijuana Marijuana • Cannabis or marijuana is a plant that grows Powered By Docstoc
					Marijuana
• Cannabis, or marijuana, is a
  plant that grows in most all
  climates in on earth.
• It is a plant that has been
  around since ancient times
  and was even on the United
  States Pharmacopoeia as
  recently as 1937
• Many different cultures of the
  world have used marijuana
  for medicinal purposes, as
  well as recreational use
• In the United States today,
  this plant is illegal to possess,
  use, distribute, and in most
  states, prescribe
                                   What does marijuana do?
                                  • The active agent in marijuana is
                                    delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
                                  • When consumed, THC causes the
                                    user to feel a “high”, or temporary
                                    euphoric feeling


WHEN SMOKED                                    WHEN EATEN
Effects last about 2 to 4 hours           Effects last about 5 to 12 hours
==================================================
In high or regular amounts, marijuana produces no hallucinations, and
sanity remains perfectly intact
             Acute Physical Side Effects


• Slight conjunctival
  hyperemia (red eyes)
• In some cases, impairs
  attention and short
  term memory
• Small effects on
  driving performance
     LEGISATION                      • October 1, 1937:
                                        Marihuana Tax Act
                                       -Medicinal: $1 per ounce
                                       -Recreational: $100 per
                                        ounce
                                     * Marijuana removed from
                                        United States
                                        Pharmacopoeia and
                                        National Formulary in
                                        1941
*Justice Clarence Thomas, in court decision denying legal medicinal use
of marijuana (May 14, 2001)
“Congress has made a determination that marijuana has no
medicinal value worthy of an exception.”
Medicinal Uses
          Cancer Chemotherapy
• Chemotherapy kills healthy blood cells as it
   attacks cancerous cells
• Side effects of chemotherapy are unpleasant and
   often serious
• Effects include deafness, kidney failure, loss of
   heart muscle, and heavy vomiting
    ------------------------------------------------------
In a study by V. Vinciguerra, T. Moore, and E.
   Brenan, 78% of chemotherapy patients became
   symptom-free when administered doses of THC
               Glaucoma
• 2nd leading cause of blindness in the US
• Affects about 1,000,000 Americans
• 80,000 blinded per year
• ULCA study reveals that smoking
  marijuana relieves intraocular pressure
  (cause of glaucoma)
• A separate study by R. S. Helper and I. M.
  Frank confirmed these results
                    AIDS

• Most common drug prescribed to suppress the
  HIV virus is azidothmidine (AZT)
• Patients on AZT often become underweight and
  malnourished due to loss of appetite, frequent
  vomiting, and high amounts of excrement
• Marijuana has been proven effective in increasing
  the appetite of AIDS patients
• Also reduces average number of stools per day
                              Epilepsy
*Marijuana may be used as an anticonvulsant
*Drugs typically prescribed for epilepsy may cause bone softening,
nausea, decreased libido, impotence, depression, and possibly even
phychosis
       Marijuana has far fewer and less threatening side effects
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     Multiple Sclerosis
Marijuana helps patients with MS to gain control of their body and
supress tremors
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Paraplegia and Quadriplegia
                Marijuana relieves muscle pain, and
             increases feeling in dysfunctional limbs
                        Chronic Pain
 • Patients with chronic pain are often prescribed
   opioid narcotics and synthetic analgesics
 • These drugs may cause patients to develop a
   tolerance and addiction
 • Marijuana is equally effective in relieving chronic
   pain, but without these threatening side effects
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Rheumatic Diseases
 *Marijuana is proven to be relieve inflammation and
 pain for patients with various kinds of rheumatic
 diseases
    Other Speculative Uses

• Asthma           •Systemic sclerosis
• Insomnia         •Crohn’s Disease
• Nausea due to
                   •Diabetic gartro-paresis
  kidney failure
• Dystonias        •Pseudo-tumor cerebri
• Adult ADD        •Alcoholism
• Schizophrenia
                         Popularity
• New users reached a peak in 1976-77
• Approximately 3.2 million over the
  two years
• Today, 66 million Americans said to
  have smoked pot
• USA Today poll: support for
  legalization highest its been in 30
  years
• 36% of voters support legalization;
  70% of voters for medicinal marijuana
• 50% of English and Canadian
  populations support recreational
  legalization
“It’s dangerous in its own right, it’s addictive,
 and it leads to the use of even more
 destructive illicit drugs”

 -Secretary of Health and Human Services
 Tommy Thompson
• Very misleading statement

• Marijuana may be habit-forming, but physical
  addiction is highly unlikely
• “Two recognized symptoms of addiction are
  tolerance and withdrawal symptoms; these are
  rarely serious problems for marijuana users.”
                 -Grinspoon and Bakalar

• Marijuana users might use destructive drugs, but
  this is a sociological factor that results in the drug
  being illegal in the first place…
• Marijuana is
  classified as a
  Schedule I
  narcotic by the
  US Government
• This is the same
  classification
  given to cocaine
  and heroine

				
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