Why did the Soviet Union blockade Berlin? by HC120218053645


									   starter activity

  Read about events in Czechoslovakia in 1948 & take notes on
how the Communists assumed control.  Extension: why was the
          West so shocked by events in this country?
             Czech Crisis, 1948
   Communists mounted a coup d’état
   Police force taken over by communists
   Non-communist personnel removed
   Non-communists removed from govt
   Fear & coercion used to remove remaining
    opponents, e.g. Jan Masaryk defenestrated
   President Benes forced to resign & replaced by
    communist Gottwald
           What shocked West
   Symptomatic of Soviet aggression in Eastern
    Europe & communist expansionism
   Last remaining democratic country in Eastern
   Memories of WWII – failure of appeasement &
    Nazi expansionism
What impact did the Czechoslovakian Crisis of 1948 have on
          Western attitudes towards the USSR?
 How did the blockade of
 Berlin increase Cold War
 LOs
        To be able to explain how the communists
             took control of Czechoslovakia
         To identify at least 5 major causes of the
                Berlin Blockade (1948-9)
            To assess the impact of the crisis
Checkpoint Charlie, Berlin. Why was Berlin so
      important during the Cold War?
        Reasons why Berlin was so
   Capital of Germany - cause of two world wars
   Place where East met West, communism v.
   Focus of world events at Yalta & Potsdam
    (1945), Berlin Blockade (1948-9), Berlin Wall
    (1961, 1989)
What does this photo
tell us about Berlin after
                  Your task
   Read p.31 and in your notes summarise the main
    reasons why the Berlin Blockade occurred in
   Which reason was the most important?
   Extension: Why did the US not fear a revived
    Germany, whilst the USSR did?
       Causes of Berlin Blockade
   Divisions over future of Berlin dating back to
    Yalta & Potsdam
   Tensions of economic differences – West zones
    benefited from Marshall Aid
   Differences in living standards
   Failure of Council of Ministers
   Introduction of new currency – Deutche Mark
   Merger of Western zones
                   Your task

   Read p.31-2 and list the major consequences of
    the Berlin Blockade.
    Extension: Who in your opinion came out as
    the winners as a result of this crisis?
       What were the consequences?
   1st major flashpoint of Cold War
   1949, Western allies estd. Federal Republic of
    West Germany
   1949, NATO (North Atlantic Treaty
    Organisation) founded
   End to US isolationism
   Divisions between East & West Germany
    became permanent
Watch the extract from the
Channel 4 series, ‘Cold War’ and
answer the questions that follow.
Why were Truman & Stalin so determined to
make an example of Berlin?
                          Extension
       Produce a presentation and factoid on Lucius D
        Clay. Did his attitude help to increase tensions
        or avert the threat of a conflict with the USSR?

General Lucius D Clay,
Governor of Berlin
                   Plenary
   Why was Berlin so important?
   Why did Stalin order the blockade?
   What were the long-term consequences of the
    Berlin Blockade?
                    Debate
   Work in small groups. Your task is to
    demonstrate that your given event was the most
    significant turning point in the development of
    Cold War in the period 1945-48?
   Yalta & Potsdam conferences (1945)
   Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe (1945-7)
   Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech (1946)
   Truman Doctrine & Marshall Aid (1947)
   Berlin Blockade (1948-9)
                Homework
   Please read the extracts from Cold War at
    Source on the Berlin Blockade and complete
    questions 1-5
   Extension: See previous task on Lucius D

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