Hamlet Act IV scene i by 52S4R6


									       Hamlet Act IV scene i
   Gertrude deceives Claudius about
    Hamlet’s madness.
   Claudius reveals to the audience that he
    knew it was meant to be his death – “It
    had been so with us, had we been there”
   Claudius asserts that “His liberty is full
    of threats to us all”; the image of
    disease is raised again, this time
    regarding Hamlet
       Hamlet Act IV scene i
   Claudius’ remark that “The sun no
    sooner shall the mountains touch”
    reminds the audience that it is still
   He tells R and G to fetch the body to
    the chapel
    Hamlet Act IV scene ii
 Hamlet speaks in riddles to R and G – he
  appears to be ridiculing their authority
  (line16); R cannot understand and
  Hamlet says that a witty/sarcastic
  remark is wasted on a fool.
 Note the use of prose in this scene.
 Hamlet’s lines “The King is a thing –”
“Of nothing.” seem threatening to
  Claudius – he is doomed to death.
      Hamlet Act IV scene iii
   Claudius muses about Hamlet – he
    cannot be arrested – he is too much
    loved, even to be punished for murder –
    instead he must be sent away – a
    desperate problem needs a desperate
   R and G come on with “all the rest” – a
    stage direction that makes the stage
    very crowded!
      Hamlet Act IV scene iii
   Think of the dramatic effect of such a
    multitude of people on stage.
   Hamlet’s comments about Polonius being
    “where ‘a is eaten” and being with a
    “convocation of politic worms” are
    riddling, but tell that Polonius is to be
    eaten by worms. He comments on the
    mortality of all
      Hamlet Act IV scene iii
   Hamlet refuses to tell where the body
    is, but gives a clue – that they “shall
    nose him…up the stairs….” – he is under
    the stairs and they will soon smell him.
   The unpleasant images appear to show
    Hamlet in a different light to the
    audience – would he be a suitable king?
      Hamlet Act IV scene iii
   Claudius warns that Hamlet must leave for
    England with R and G.
   As he leaves, Hamlet ironically uses words
    from the marriage service – one flesh
   Claudius warns R and G to follow, “everything
    is sealed and done” refers to the letters of
    line 66 – that order, “the present death of
    Hamlet”, presumably by England (the English
      Hamlet Act IV scene iv
   Fortinbras arrives with army to cross
    Denmark – remember the parallel of
    Fortinbras/Hamlet; fighting
    spirit/inability to act
   Fortinbras accepts the authority of the
    king – “We shall express our duty in his
      Hamlet Act IV scene iv
   Hamlet enters and questions a captain –
    on stage the parallel is emphasised by
    Shakespeare (lines 43- 50)
   The coming battle appears pointless –
    the land is worth nothing and Hamlet
    comments that it is like an abscess – pus
    accumulates unseen during peace, ready
    to burst out!!!!
      Hamlet Act IV scene iv
   Shakespeare gives Hamlet a soliloquy
    here – he is about to be absent from
    stage for a while, so this is important
   Hamlet draws his own parallels between
    himself and Fortinbras. One critic feels
    that it allows his developing maturity to
    show through.
      Hamlet Act IV scene iv
   Shakespeare presents Hamlet here as feeling
    that he looks bad in comparison
   He bemoans the fact that he is still to carry
    out his revenge – thinking about this for too
    long is a little like cowardice
   He feels that Fortinbras, in going to war over
    something trivial because it affects his
    honour, is a far greater prince than he
    Hamlet Act IV scene iv
He wonders, “How stand I then,/that have a
 father killled, a mother stained” and lets
 things carry on
     …while to my shame I see
     the imminent death of…men
He avows
                 …O, from this time forth,
     My thoughts be bloody, or be nothing worth!
                 (lines 65-6)

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