Rhino Mayday: Thursday 20 May 2004 by 52S4R6


									Rhino Mayday: Thursday 1 June 2006

This year’s Rhino Mayday is organised by Save the Rhino International and the
Zoological Society of London.

The Rhino Mayday will be held in the Huxley Conference Theatre at the Zoological
Society of London on Thursday 1 June. Places are available in advance for £10 per
person excluding lunch, or £16 per person including a buffet sandwich lunch. These can
be booked online at www.savetherhino.org via the events pages. We will not issue
actual tickets, but will put your name(s) on the door list.

For press enquiries, or for more information about any of the talks or speakers, please
contact: Renaud Fulconis, EAZA Rhino Campaign Manager, Save the Rhino
International, T: 020 7357 7474 or E: renaud@savetherhino.org

Timetable and speakers

10.30-10.50      Arrival and registration
10.50-11:00      Nick Lindsay: Introduction and welcome

                 Asian rhino projects

11:00-11:40         Tariq Aziz: Indian Rhino Vision 2020 (India)
11:40-12:20         Nico van Strien: Rhino Protection Unit programme for Javan and
                     Sumatran rhinos (Indonesia)
12:20-13:00         Nan Schaffer: Rhino Protection Unit programme and community
                     outreach programme in Sabah (Malaysia)

13:00-14:15      Break for lunch

                 African rhino projects Part I

14:15-14:40         Richard Emslie: Rhino horn-fingerprinting project
14:40-15:00         Cathy Dean: Lifting crane for rhino capture truck (Zimbabwe)
15:00-15:20         Maggie Esson: The Environmental Education programme at the
                     Laikipia Wildlife Forum (Kenya)
15:20-15:40         Lucy Vigne: Combating the illegal trade in rhino horn (Yemen)
15:40-16:00         Richard Emslie: Security equipment for the Hluhluwe Game Reserve
                     (South Africa)

16:00-16:30      Break for tea

                 African rhino projects Part II

16:30-16:45         Cathy Dean: Rhino translocation equipment (Namibia)
16:45-17:05         Ian Maxwell: Scene of the crime
17:05-17:25         John Gripper: Midlands Black Rhino Conservancy (Zimbabwe)
17:25-17:45         Randy Rieches: Rhinos in captivity TBC

17:45-18:00      Updates from the floor, thanks, raffle prize draw
18:00-18:15      Nick Lindsay: Closing remarks
18:15            End

Nick Lindsay: Introduction and welcome

Nick Lindsay has been working in the zoo-end of wildlife conservation for some 30
years, formerly with Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust and now with the Zoological
Society of London for the past 16 years. It was as Curator of Whipsnade Wild Animal
Park that he first met rhinos (indeed three species of rhinos), and he has been trying to
assist in rhino conservation where he can since then.

ZSL has been working with rhinos for far longer, making a considerable contribution to
both the population of greater one-horned, Southern whites and black rhinos in Europe,
to the management of black rhinos in Kenya and Zimbabwe, and to the conservation of
rhinos in Nepal over many years.

Nick is Chair of “Save the Rhinos”, the EAZA Rhino Campaign 2005/6, on which the
presentations at this Rhino Mayday focus.

      Tariq Aziz: Indian Rhino Vision 2020 (IRV 2020)

IRV 2020 is a major rhino range and population expansion program in Assam. The goal
is to increase rhinos from 2000 to 3000 and extend their distribution from 2 to 7
protected areas by the Year 2020. Conservation of Rhinoceros unicornis in Assam
(indeed in India and Nepal) has been a spectacular success story with numbers
recovering from fewer than 100 to over 2,400 rhino. However, the recovery has been
uneven, fitful, and still tenuous. Moreover, rhinos are concentrated in a few protected
areas rendering the species vulnerable to stochastic risks. IRV 2020 will reduce these
risks and increase probability of long-term survival.

Biography - Tariq Aziz
Mr Tariq Aziz is a well-known persona in the field of conservation in India. He joined
WWF India in 1992, after obtaining M.Phil on a programme at the Wildlife Institute of
India. He has since actively participated in improving the cause of wildlife in the country
and has given a new vision to its Asian Rhinos and Elephant Action Strategy (AREAS).
He now leads a set of field programmes on conservation of Asian elephant and the
Indian rhino, and has won the confidence of! the Government functionaries and local
people. He is currently Associate Director (AREAS) in WWF India’s Species
Programme. His mission is to bring the rhino back to all its old homes in the foothills of
Himalayas in India.
      Dr. Nan Schaffer: Community Based Conservation in Tabin Wildlife

SOS Rhino has been operating at Tabin Wildlife Reserve since November 2000 where
we have established a Community Outreach Program (COP) that focuses on the areas
of protection, education, research and awareness to promote sustainable conservation.
An important component of the COP is Rhino Protection Units (RPU). SOS Rhino’s
RPUs directly engage local governments, villagers, local businesses and the oil palm
plantations surrounding the Reserve in the effort to protect the forest. By securing the
assistance of these stakeholders, the SOSR Protection Units more efficiently monitor
and patrol the Reserve. With grants from the EAZA Rhino Campaign SOS Rhino will be
able to purchase supplies and equipment to support two additional RPUs, which are
urgently needed to complete the protection of the Sumatran rhino population in Tabin
Wildlife Reserve. The Sumatran rhino is highly endangered due to poaching and
human encroachment within their natural habitat.

Renown for her work on reproductive problems in the rhinoceros, and after years of
work developing different techniques, Dr Schaffer was the first person to develop a
method for collecting semen from the rhinoceros.
Her 20 years of work were instrumental in the recently successfully performed artificial
insemination in the white rhinoceros and the first birth of a captive born Sumatran rhino
in over one hundred years. Frustrated and concerned for the limited time left for many
species of rhinoceros, she turn to saving habitat, convinced that this would be the arena
that the conservation battle would be won or lost. Believing the villager and young
student is as important in the conservation equation as a government official, her
conservation approach is multidisciplinary. SOS Rhino's Community Based
Conservation Program in Sabah may be the last stand for the elusive, shy Sumatran
rhino of Borneo, since it is the only population of Sumatran rhinos that remains stable in

      Nico van Strien: Javan and Sumatran rhinos - Recent developments and
       new challenges

The survival of the two rarest rhino species, the Javan and Sumatran, largely depend
on conservation programs in Indonesia. More than 95% of the surviving 40-50 Javan
rhinos live in Ujung Kulon on Java, and more than 2/3 of the 300 surviving Sumatran
rhinos live in 3 Parks on Sumatra. A recent workshop recommends to create conditions
to have at least 1000 of both species by the end of this century. Obviously a lot needs
to be done to make this happen.
The small captive population of Sumatran rhinos in Indonesia and the USA will get fresh
impetus by the exchange of the female from Indonesia with the first-born male calf from
the USA. This move, expected for the end of this year, is critical for the success of the
program worldwide.

Nico van Strien is the SE Asia Coordinator for the International Rhino Foundation (IRF)
and Co-chair for SE Asia of the IUCN/SSC Asian Rhino Specialist Group. He has been
working for more than 30 years with SE Asian rhinos, including field research on
Sumatran Rhino in Gunung Leuser NP. He is working mostly from the IRF office in
Jakarta, co-ordinating anti-poaching activities (RPUs) in most key rhino areas, assisting
the captive breeding programs and developing new initiatives for conservation of the
Javan and Sumatran rhino.

      Richard Emslie: Update on AfRsG’s Rhino horn-fingerprinting project


Wildlife Investigators and Specialist Police Units dealing with wildlife crimes, as well as
those study illegal trade routes, have indicated it would be very useful to have a forensic
technique, which could both identify the species and source location of rhino horn
recovered in busts. This resulted in IUCN SSC’s African Rhino Specialist Group seeking
to develop rhino horn fingerprinting techniques which seeks to determine the source
and species of rhino horn recovered in police busts based on the chemical profile
(fingerprint) of the horn (as the latter is influenced by the chemistry of the food plants
rhinos eat which in turn are influenced by underlying geology, soil chemistry and
weather. This paper outlines the results to date and the final experimental and analytical
work being undertaken by the AfRSG in collaboration with ZSL’s Dr Raj Amin to
complete technique development, and assess the levels of accuracy in predicting the
species and source of rhino horns recovered.


IUCN SSC African Rhino Specialist Group (ARSG) Scientific Officer (since 1994) and
AfRSG member since 1992. Member IUCN's Asian Rhino Specialist Group. Elected
specialist member on SADC Rhino Management Group (RMG) since 1989. Specialist
member of SADC Rhino and Elephant Security Group. UK Darwin Fellow, Consortium
member SADC Regional Programme for Rhino Conservation. Special expertise in
population estimation including developing RHINO software. Co-author of IUCN's
African Rhino Action Plan. Co-compiler of the AfRSG’s widely used revised “Sandwith”
training course in rhino ID monitoring techniques. Coordinator of the AfRSG's Rhino
Horn fingerprinting project. Involved in workshops to develop rhino conservation plans
for SADC, S.Africa (including SANParks, Ezemvelo-KZN-Wildlife and Eastern Cape
Parks Board), Kenya, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania. Been a major
promoter of the need for improved biological management to increase population
growth rates. PhD on black rhino feeding ecology and management and also worked on
white rhino feeding ecology and management which led to development of process-
based management. Member South African Statistical Association. Recently
coordinated intensive surveys of the last remaining northern white rhino population in
Garamba National Park, DRCongo.
      Cathy Dean: Lifting crane for rhino translocations, Zimbabwe

Raoul du Toit of WWF in Zimbabwe and Technical Coordinator of the SADC Regional
Program for Rhino Conservation is unable to attend the Rhino Mayday, so Cathy Dean
of Save the Rhino International will briefly introduce this project instead.

The EAZA Rhino Campaign is targetted to raise money for a Fassi lifting crane, to fit
onto a truck supported by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. A number of translocation
operations are planned for late June through to early September 2006 and, if money
were to be available soon, the ability to deploy this truck and crane would greatly
improve efficiency and effectiveness in Zimbabwe’s translocation programme.

Cathy Dean has been Director of Save the Rhino International since 2001 and was
Chair of the now-disbanded UK Rhino Group during 2004 and 2005.

Trained as art historian, Cathy previously worked in art book selling and publishing and
then at the Tate, fundraising for the creation of Tate Modern and the redevelopment of
Tate Britain.

Since joining Save the Rhino, Cathy has run the London and New York marathons as
well as the Marathon des Sables in order to raise money for rhino conservation, and is
now training for the Atacama Crossing, an ultra-marathon event taking place in Chile in
July 2006.

      Maggie Esson: Solutions in Laikipia, Kenya!

The Laikipia Wildlife Forum was formed in 1992 and is a pioneering community
conservation and wildlife management association, comprising a diverse membership of
pastoralists, small-scale farmers, ranchers, local community initiatives, and tourism
ventures. Laikipia is the one district in Kenya that continues to record increasing or
stable wildlife populations.

The Forum’s activities include Environmental Education and Community Conservation.
The education programmes aim to impact on Maasai settlements, introducing children
to their wildlife. The Community Liaison Officers work directly with communities to
develop and implement sustainable development solutions that allows wildlife and the
people to co-exist.

The education programme was launched at the beginning of 2004 and evaluation
workshops were held two years later. This talk will give an overview of the education
and community work being undertaken and summarise the findings of the evaluation

The Education Division at Chester Zoo comprises around 20 staff, managing schools
education, public education, exhibit design, signage and visitor studies in the zoo
together with the provision of technical and financial resources for our overseas
conservation programmes.

Prior to working at Chester Zoo, Maggie was Head of Conservation Education at Durrell
Wildlife Conservation Trust in Jersey where she worked with an international cohort of
conservation trainees at Durrell Wildlife’s International Training Centre.

“It’s my job and my passion to help our field staff and researchers translate their science
into digestible and tasty bite-sized portions that enable our public to better understand
the nature and urgency of our work”.

      Lucy Vigne: Combating the illegal trade in and demand for rhino horn in

Yemen is still the major market for rhino horn from eastern Africa. Even though this
market has been reduced, as long as it remains open, there will be rhino poaching. The
trade needs to be monitored regularly in Yemen and the laws banning new rhino horn
enforced. The people of Yemen need to be made aware of the plight of rhinos in order
to discourage them from buying jambiyas (curved daggers) with new rhino horn
handles. There are two new zoos in Yemen: one in the capital Sanaa and the other in
Taiz. These are perfect places to provide information on rhinos to the many thousands
of visitors each year. Esmond Martin and I wish to help the zoo staff start permanent
education centres or exhibits, concentrating on the rhino issue in order to reduce
demand for rhino horn. Otherwise, poaching in eastern Africa will continue, threatening
the few rhinos left.

Lucy Vigne read Zoology at Oxford and then worked in Kenya for the New York
Zoological Society compiling data on the numbers and distribution of rhinos and
elephants throughout Africa. She also edited Pachyderm from 1983-1985 and its still on
the Board. She was the first Executive Officer for IUCN’s SSC African Elephant and
Rhino Specialist Group. She then worked for WWF International on a project with
Esmond Martin to close down the international trade in rhino products from 1985 to
1992. She has continued to monitor the now illegal trade and to encourage the use of
substitutes, especially in Yemen, visiting in 1986, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 2001
and 2003 – whenever funds permit. Lucy Vigne has published articles on Yemen in
BBC Wildlife, International Zoo News, Oryx, Pachyderm, Swara, and co-authored a
monograph for TRAFFIC in 1997.

      Richard Emslie: Security equipment for the Hluhluwe Game Reserve (South
       Africa) on behalf of Ezemvelo-KZN-Wildlife’s Sichle Nxumalo and Dave


Hluhluwe Game Reserve is the northern section of what is Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park. This
Park holds the world’s second largest white rhino population (and from where all
surviving southern white rhino are ultimately derived), and the world’s third largest black
rhino population. This presentation will briefly illustrate some of the key activities and
strategies which have been responsible for the success of rhino conservation in the
Park over the last century. As with many successful rhino conservation programmes in
Africa and Asia, much of the costs of rhino conservation in this Park are covered by the
local conservation agency, Ezemvelo-KZN-Wildlife. However, with declining budgets
from government for conservation in real terms, there is a need for additional funds to
maintain and enhance successful programmes. AfRSG experience has shown that
success (in terms of increases in rhino numbers for donor money invested) is most
likely to occur when donor money adds to significant existing efforts (e.g. covers
shortfalls for capital expenditure and operational expenses). This project seeks to
provide additional rifle safes and camping equipment needed to enhance rhino
protection in the Hluhluwe section of the Park.

      Cathy Dean: Rhino translocation equipment, Namibia

In the absence of a representative from the Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET)
in Namibia, Cathy Dean, Director of Save the Rhino will briefly introduce Namibia’s
black rhino conservation programme and the annual translocations that are aimed at
destocking over-populated areas while creating new founder populations in communal
area conservancies.

The EAZA Rhino campaign selected a proposal from MET to benefit from the
Campaign: equipment used in these translocations. One of the EAZA members has
made a leading donation to pay for this equipment and Cathy will explain how the grant
has been used.

      Ian Maxwell: Wildlife Field Forensics

Operation Spiders Web will train instructors from Kenya Wildlife Service to deliver field
forensic training to every ranger. The program teaches to the skill level of rangers and
resources in remote areas where scientific services may find it difficult to access.
The backbone of the Field Forensic Program includes various crime scenes. It follows
international protocols for evidence collection supporting good evidential values on
international investigation and prosecution.
The template includes use of the Shadowhawk Scene Safe Kit, including DNA sampling
and collection of physical evidence.
The presentation includes examples on “HOT” and “COLD crime scenes, demonstrating
the response by the rangers using The Field Forensic Program. The “COLD” crime
scene technique demonstrates how to collect DNA evidence to link a rhino and calf
killed by snare to the perpetrator.

Ian Maxwell is a Fellow Of the Royal Geographical Society and Training Director of
Shadowhawk . He is a Tactical and Combat Tracking instructor and has carried out
training to police and paramilitary in Europe, the USA, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Kenya
and Tanzania. He has published a book on the subject of man tracking and is
presently involved in the filming of a documentary for BBC Horizon and Discovery.

      John Gripper: Midlands Black Rhino Conservancy in Zimbabwe

John Gripper will discuss the merits of the various alternative methods that can be
utilised for the identification and monitoring of Black Rhino in a wildlife Conservancy.
Following a serious increase in the killing of rhino by poachers in Zimbabwe, he will
discuss and illustrate the present practical methods that have been adopted for the
identification and monitoring of black rhino in the Midlands Black Rhino Conservancy in

John Gripper is a veterinary surgeon who qualified at the Royal (Dick) Veterinary
College in Edinburgh. He spent 33 years as a partner in a mixed general veterinary
practice in the Cotswolds during which time he was veterinary surgeon to the Cotswold
Wildlife Park and was also appointed a Government Zoo Inspector. Since he left
practice he has been a veterinary adviser to WSPA and other animal charities and
carried out animal welfare work and disaster relief in many countries. In 1988 he formed
the Sebakwe Black Rhino Trust to raise funds for the Midlands Black Rhino
Conservancy in Zimbabwe.

      Evan Blumer: Rhinos in captivity

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