Universal design_Part 2 by xiagong0815

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									Term
Project
          Universal Design




                       20100707 Dognkook, Park


                                                 1
 Contents

• Applying Universal Design in Product Development
   – Background of Product Performance Program
• Structure PPP

• Appliance of PPP
   – PPP Customize




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1    Applying Universal Design in Product Development
▐ Background of Product Performance Program
     “Tripod Design”
         Built in 1987 by Satoshi Nakagawa
         Universal design Research & Development company




                                                            3
1    Applying Universal Design in Product Development
▐ Background of Product Performance Program
     “Tripod Design”
         The Product Performance Program

         In 1997, they are trying to make a evaluation methods for universal design
         concept and in 2002, they issuing 55 guidelines.


         It based on 7 principles of Universal Design


         Added 3 Supplementary Provision




        Purpose: Methods for evaluating universal design concept


                                                                                      4
2              Definition of PPP & Structure
        ▐ Structure of PPP

               Equitable use
               Flexibility in use
7 Principles




               Simple and intuitive use
               Perceptible information
               Tolerance for error
               Low physical effort                   55 Guidelines

               Size and space for approach and use

               Considering Durability & Economics
 3 Supple..




               Considering Quality & Aesthetic

               Considering Health & Environment

                                                                     5
    2    7 Principles
      ▐ Equitable Use
        Easy and equitable to use for anyone


                                     Guidelines

1 Equitable use              It gives same usability for various physical ability users.


                             It should not be discriminated when users using different
2 Exclude discrimination
                             methods of use.

                             It gives similar product to users when users do not use same
3 Provide option
                             products.

    Exclude anxiety          It should not attract unwanted attention, makes feel
4
    & Secure Relax           uncomfortable, complex.

                             It gives happy feeling to users when they using the product.
5 Wide good feeling
                             Product should gives good first impression.

                                                                                            6
     2   7 Principles
     ▐ Flexibility in Use
       Increase freedom of use by flexibility that could deal various user and situation


                                     Guidelines
                              It should gives freely choice multiple way of use(how to
6    Freedom of use
                              grasp, press buttons..).

     Acceptation of           The design should accommodate both right and left hands.
7
     handedness               Or it should be possible to choose right or left.

                            It should have high precision and accuracy.
8    Tolerance of precision If the user cannot control the product, they cannot freely use
                            the product.

     Freedom of task
9                             Users could control the speed of use with comfortable.
     speed

     Acceptation of           The design that makes no problems in general environment
10
     using environment        change(temperature, brightness, noise…).
                                                                                             7
     2   7 Principles
     ▐ Simple and Intuitive
       The directions are so clear, any one could intuitively understand

                                     Guidelines
                             It should not have confusion parts or hard to understand to
11   Exclude complexity
                             use.

     Coincidence with
12                           The design should coincidence with intuition.
     intuition

     Understanding           The design should be easily understand the way of use and
13
     without language        functions without language or knowledge.

     Lead to simple          The important parts should be emphasized.
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     control                 The structure should indicate how to use it.

     Clue & Feedback         It should have hints or feedback about control.
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     about control           The design makes it possible to check the status of process.
     Consideration &
                             The design should use 5 senses enough to give them hints or
16   Application of 5
                             feedback.
     senses
                                                                                            8
     1   7 Principles
      ▐ Perceptible Information
        Important information should not be depend on situation or recognition ability


                                     Guidelines
     Overlap of              It should be use overlapping methods(chart, sound,
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     information methods     vibration…) to give information.

     Possibility of
18   choosing perception     It should be give information surely to the blind or the deaf.
     methods

     Well arranged           Information should be well arranged that easy to recognize
19
     information             for anyone.

     Easy to understand
20                           Parts are surely separated and easy to explain another people.
     the structure

     Allow assistance        It should be possible to use with glasses, hearing aid, guide
21
     equipments              dogs.
                                                                                              9
     2   7 Principles
     ▐ Tolerance for Error
       Protect the accidents and has countermeasure for unexpected situation

                                    Guidelines
     Structure that
22                          Design should protect accident from user’s mistakes.
     prevent accident
     Isolated dangerous     If the design adapt dangerous part, it should be isolated from
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     element                other parts.

24   Prevent accident       Product must be designed that users do not fail of use.

     Equip warning          It takes warning system for unexpected accident. Also it must
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     system                 gives both light and sound signal.
     Secure safety when
26                          If any accident happens, it protect the spread of damage.
     accident occurred
     Return to original
27                          If fail of use occurs, it should be easily return to original state.
     state
     Considering all
28                          It should be consider safety of all unexpected situation.
     possible event
                                                                                               10
     2   7 Principles
     ▐ Low Physical Effort
       Not give burden to body, freely use


                                    Guidelines
     Posture for pleasant   Products are designed for various physical characteristic and
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     use                    used natural posture.

     Controlled by proper   Various users should not feel pain and products are controlled
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     strength               by proper strength that does not give physical burden.

     Exclude meaningless
31                          Design for exclude meaningless repetition.
     repetition

     Reduce physical        It should be reduce user’s physical burden. If it has, the
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     burden                 duration should be shorten.

     Protect sensory
33                          It should not be gives excessive burden to sensory organs.
     organs

                                                                                             11
     2   7 Principles
     ▐ Size and Space for Approach and Use
       Secure the space and appropriate size of product for various users


                                     Guidelines
                              Various physical or psychological condition users should be
34   Secure perception
                              recognize(see, hear, touch) the important parts of product.

                              Various physical or psychological condition users should be
35   Secure location of use
                              approach parts to use.

                              It accommodate various users with different physical
36   Allow various user
                              characteristic.

                              Secure the space when users using the product with aid
37   Possibility of convert
                              equipment.

     Reduce possession        It should be easy to use/carry/storage with appropriate size
38
     area                     and shape.

                                                                                             12
     2   3 Supplementary Provision
     ▐ Consider Durability & Economics
       High durability and reasonable price


                                    Guidelines
     Considering            It protect the trouble or broken from using long period of
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     durability for use     time.


40   Appropriate value      The level of price should reasonable with the quality.


                            It should pursuing reasonable cost, so that prevent rise of
41   Considering cost
                            price.

     Economic aspect of     Manage or operation cost(electricity, consumables..) should
42
     continuing use         not be over spent.

     Secure relax of        Design should be easy to repair, replace of
43
     continuing use         parts(consumables), secure, inspection.

                                                                                          13
     2   3 Supplementary Provision
     ▐ Consider Quality & Aesthetic
       High quality and harmony with aesthetic and function of the product


                                    Guidelines
                              Colors and shapes of product should be easily
44   General aesthetic
                              accommodated by users.

                              It should take aesthetic aspect that is for effective use of
45   Practical & aesthetic
                              product.


46   Not biased quality       It should not be biased and accommodate all types of users .

     Production considering
                            It should impress that product takes enough the
47   characteristic of
                            characteristic of recourses or material
     material

                              Product should affect the user’s 5 senses and make them
48   Stable use
                              pleasant.
                                                                                             14
     2   3 Supplementary Provision
     ▐ Consider Health & Environment
       Harmless to humans and considering natural environment

                                    Guidelines
                            From 1st use to discard, it should not be troubled in aspect of
49   Cleanness
                            cleanness.
                            From 1st use to discard, resource that could be harm to
50   Harmless to humans
                            humans must not be used.
     Harmless to natural    From 1st use to discard, resource that could be harm to natural
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     environment            environment must not be used.
     Promote recycle &
52                          Product should be use recyclable parts or reusable resources.
     reuse
     Suppress danger        It should not be occurred environmental problem when using
53
     from joint use         with another products.
     Saving resources &
54                          It should save resources and energy.
     energy
     Recover pollution or It should not be make any environmental trouble in various
55
     environment problem using situation.
                                                                                              15
3    Appliance of PPP
▐ PPP Customize
     Importance of PPP Customize

       PPP is evaluation methods for universal design

       By using 55 guidelines, product design or the whole process could have
       objectivity

                                    Improve the process of the project
                                    Improve the design of our product




                                                        ……
       Different from Quality Control  Only considering execution of product


       Control from find out customer needs to market delivery
       Enterprise process control of the project

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3    Appliance of PPP
▐ PPP Customize
     How to Customize PPP
      Understand UD 7 principles and    PPP customize guidelines
      guidelines                        -Pursuing whole process evaluation
                                        -Should not biased to some parts or
                                        process
      Precisely read the original PPP   -Use easy expression to general users
                                        -Not fixed structure, flexible structure

                                        Some Problems
      Verify own evaluation system      - Friction among existing QA or QC
                                        and customized PPP

      Customize the PPP by adding or
      remove in aspect of our product

      Consider PPP management system
      and makes reusable structure


      Apply the PPP
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Thank you
   Next presentation…
             Case study
             Limitation
              Summary
                          18

								
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