Docstoc

Technologies for information and health

Document Sample
Technologies for information and health Powered By Docstoc
					The atom, from research to industry

Defence & Security Energy

Technologies for information and health
French atomic energy commission
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

1

French atomic energy commission
1945 : CEA foundation
Atom and its applications for France : defence, energy, research, industry

Today : from research to industry

Reference institution at worldwide level for nuclear energy Based on its nuclear activity, developments inducing new activities and employments
Guarantee a perennial nuclear deterrence without nuclear tests …

Tomorrow

Reference institution at worldwide level for nuclear energy
One of the leading European bodies for technological research

Visit to Romania

CEA at a glance

September 2006

2

CEA main figures (year 2005)
Civil
Staff Financing (G€)
Subsidies

Defence
4,511 1.4
94%

Total
15,038 3.3
65%

10,528 1.9
44%

Third party receipts Dedicated decommissioning/ remediation fund

36% 20%

2% 4%

22% 13%

European Union Research bodies 6% and Universities 4% Local authorities 3%

Third party receipts

Nuclear partners 35%

Ministerial funds 9%

Other 25% Industrial partners (non nuclear) 18%

Visit to Romania

CEA at a glance

September 2006

3

CEA : Organization
General Management
Alain Bugat Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Jean-Pierre Le Roux
Deputy CEO Bernard Bigot

High Commissioner for Atomic Energy

National Institute for Nuclear Sciences and Techniques

4 Operational Divisions
Fundamental Research Physical Life Sciences Sciences

4 Functional Divisions
Strategy and External Relations Human Resources and Training

Defence

Nuclear

Technological Research

Risk Control

Information and systems management

Visit to Romania

CEA at a glance

September 2006

4

CEA : local actor with the French Regions
Nuclear sciences, software technologies, high performance computing, biomedicine
Fontenay aux Roses

Saclay
Materials Le-Ripault, Valduc Le-Ripault

Bruyères le Châtel Valduc Micro/Nanotechnology Nanobiotechnology

Grenoble
Cesta Lasers and plasmas Valrho Cadarache

Nuclear :

Nuclear fuel cycle, waste management Valrho Fusion, fission Cadarache
September 2006

Visit to Romania

CEA at a glance

5

CEA main figures – Civil Activity
10,528 employees

Budget : 1.9 G€, including 0.8 G€ from governmental funding
1003 ongoing PhD theses 316 post-doctoral researchers

311 priority patents filed 1180 priority patents issued
614 active priority patents

351 active licensing agreements 93 high-tech spin-offs from CEA since 1984
Main shareholder (79%) of AREVA group 59,000 employees and 10 G€ sales
(all data for year 2005)
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

6

Energy
Research on nuclear energy
- Future nuclear systems - Optimisation of current industrial equipment - Nuclear waste optimization & management

New Technologies for energy
- Hydrogen, Fuel Cells - Photovoltaic energy, storage and rationalisation - Materials

Basic energy research
- Controlled nuclear fusion - Climatic and environmental sciences - Chemical and material - radiation interactions - Material sciences

Radiobiology - nuclear toxicology
- Radiobiology – radio-pathology - Nuclear toxicology
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

7

Technologies for Information and Health
Micro and nano-technologies
- Microelectronics - Microsystems - Systems for biology and health - Telecommunications and communicating objects - Technological application and distribution

Software technologies
- On-board and interactive systems - Signal sensors and processors

Basic research for industrial innovation
- Nanophysics and molecular engineering - Material sciences (from nano to macro) - Cryotechnologies

Nuclear technologies for health and biotechnologies
- Biomolecular tagging, structural biology, protein engineering - Operational imaging of living systems
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

8

French Energy Policy
On July 13, 2005, a new French energy orientation law was adopted by the Parliament and fixed 4 priorities:
 Improving energy control efforts in order to reduce energy intensity by 2% per year until 2015 and by 2.5% out to 2030 (to divide CO 2

emissions by four to 2050).  Confirming the nuclear option with the launch of the EPR to ensure France to maintain in the future its nuclear energy production.
 Developing renewable energies such as wind energy and biofuels (from 15% to 21% by 2010).  Reinforce research into new energy technologies (hydrogen, fuelcells, biomass…).

Visit to Romania

CEA at a glance

September 2006

9

Wished evolution of energy sources in France
Today Tomorrow
An energy mix

Fossil Fuels Fossil Fuels NTE/Ren

Ren

H2
Nuclear power

Nuclear power

New Energies and H2, to complement nuclear power, in place of fossil fuels
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

10

Research on Nuclear Waste Management
 End of 2005  research results from “1991 Law” were produced June 28, 2006  a new Law for management of radioactive materials and waste was adopted by the Parliament:  - New Research program  - 2015 : Construction of a Repository

– Reduction of the radiotoxicity : partitioning and transmutation of the most radiotoxic long-lived elements
• Two main programmes concern partitioning: PURETEX => Plutonium, Uranium ACTINEX => Americium, Curium • Transmutation of minor actinides Scientific feasibility obtained in both PWR and FBR Ongoing studies aim to demonstrate the technical feasibility (materials, design and irradiation of targets using the Phenix reactor and the Atalante facility) Future studies: scenarios involving various kinds of reactors (EPR, GenIV)

– Conditioning and Long term interim storage
• Characterization, processing and conditioning processes (reduction of waste volume, development of qualified processes : cementation, bituminization, vitrification) • Development and qualification of canisters for interim storage and disposal of medium and high-activity long-lived waste and spent fuel • Development of long term interim storage concepts
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

11

Enhancing the current industrial equipment
CEA is conducting short and medium-term research on the existing facilities, at the request of industrial partners.

•

Support and optimize nuclear industry
• Increase competitiveness of nuclear power generated electricity: Extend life time of reactors and major components, increase flexibility and plant availability, improve fuel performance • Improve Nuclear Power Plants safety: Severe and basic accidents, periodic safety review • Optimize Spent fuel Reprocessing Technology: Reprocess higher burn-up UOX fuels and other types of fuels, lower the costs and the environmental impact

•

Set up experimental facilities for tomorrow and develop simulation tools
• Development of the future generation of simulation tools

From the microscopic behavior to the technological model (materials and mechanics, neutronics, fuel, thermal hydraulics)
• Updating nuclear experimental facilities

Research reactors (Osiris, Orphee, …) and Hot labs (Atalante, LECI, LECA-Star..)
• Design and construction of the Jules Horowitz Reactor
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

12

Future Nuclear Systems
- GEN-IV Agreement signed by France, USA, UK, Japan and Canada on February 28, 2005 - Strategy approved by the Ministries of Research and Industry

1. Development of Fast Reactors for sustainable nuclear with a closed fuel cycle along 2 tracks:
 Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR)  Gas Fast Reactor (GFR)  New processes for spent fuel treatment and recycling / Waste management  …« I have decided to launch, starting today, the design work by CEA of a prototype of the 4th generation reactor, which will be commissioned in 2020 »… J. CHIRAC – January 2006

GEN IV I.F.

E.U.

2. Nuclear hydrogen production and process heat supply to the industry
 Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR)  Hydrogen production

VHT

3. Innovations for LWRs (Fuel, Systems…)
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

13

New Technologies for Energy
Research targets: low greenhouse gas emissions for transports and housing.
– Hydrogen and fuel cells technologies
• • • • Hydrogen production with a nuclear power plant studies High pressure hydrogen storage PEMC, SOFC and micro fuel cells Innovative process for biofuel production

– Solar cells technology
• Silicon and polymer cells • Solar modules and systems

– Biomass – Energy storage and efficiency – Nanomaterials for energy – Platforms
• • • Sushypro (Cadarache) for H2 production Paclab (Grenoble) for fuel cells Ines (Chambery) for solar energy

Visit to Romania

CEA at a glance

September 2006

14

Highlights
CEA participates to 14 of 66 French Competitiveness Clusters (July 2005) CEA is in charge of the design work of a prototype of the generation-4 reactor for 2020 (January 2006) GENEPAC Fuel-Cell 80 kW developed by CEA/PSA (Jan 2006)

Opening of Minatec Centre in micro-nanotechnologies Grenoble (June 2006)

Creation of INES National Institute for Solar Energy Chambery (July 2006)

+ ITER in Cadarache
Visit to Romania CEA at a glance
September 2006

15

CEA in the European Research Area
An ambition
Contribute to the excellence of Europe in Energy, information and health technologies

A strategy
Collaboration with R&D recognised organizations & support to new EU member states

A role
Delegate for the French Government (EURATOM)

N° 1 for Nuclear Energy
Amongst the leaders for - Nanotechnologies - Controlled fusion (Iter) - Radiobiology

A potential
Player at the local level with an European dimension : Platforms of excellence (Minatec, Nuclear Fission...)

Open to partnerships

Results in 6th Framework Program
Large Scale Facilities open to European scientific community
- Number of « news instruments » projects under CEA coordination - CEA involved in more than 100 projects
CEA at a glance
September 2006

Visit to Romania

16


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:9/16/2009
language:English
pages:16
pptfiles pptfiles
About