Timeline of Qatar, Some important events
1700s - Migrants establish pearling and trading settlements along the coast of present-day Qatar. 1867 - Conflict
with neighbouring Bahrain over territorial claims; Doha is all but destroyed.
Seeds of independence are sown when Britain signs a treaty which recognises Qatar as a separate entity, rather than
a dependency of Bahrain.
1871-1913 - Turkish Ottoman forces establish a garrison at the emir's invitation.
1916 - Deal signed under which Britain controls Qatar's external affairs in return for guaranteeing its protection.
1939 - Oil reserves discovered. Exploitation is delayed by World War II, but oil comes to replace pearling and
fishing as Qatar's main source of revenue.
1952 Qatar’s Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani was born. The population of Qatar at this time was
under 40,000. In 1995 he ousted his father in a bloodless coup.
1971 Qatar declared independence from Britain.
Sep Links: Qatar, Britain
1971 The world’s biggest known gas field was discovered in Qatar. Faisal Al Suwaidi (b.1954), head of
Qatargas, later began construction of Ras Lafan gas plant to liquefy the gas for export. The plant,
the largest man-made structure in centuries, was to be finished in 2010.
Links: Qatar, Gas
1981 Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1918-2004), United Arab Emirates President, urged in 5 other
May Arab monarchies (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia) to form the Gulf Cooperation
25 Council. The unified economic agreement between the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council
was signed on 11 November 1981 in Riyadh.
Links: Qatar, UAR, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman
1995 In Qatar Sheik Hamad Bin Khalifa al-Thani (45) replaces his father, Sheik Khalifa Bin Hamad al-
Jun Thani, as emir. The new Emir soon abolished the information ministry that controlled newspapers
and broadcasting. Sheik Hamad also gave women the right to vote and introduced satellite
1999 Qatari women were allowed to vote and stand as candidates for municipal councils for the 1st time.
2000 Six Persian Gulf nations (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab
Dec Emirates) signed a regional defense pact.
31 Links: Qatar, UAR, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman
2001 The Al-Jazeera TV network from Qatar showed video footage of Osama bin Laden praising Allah
Oct for the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
7 Links: Qatar, USA, al-Qaida, Afghan
2004 Qataris voted on their first permanent constitution.