Timeline Qatar

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					Timeline of Qatar, Some important events


1700s - Migrants establish pearling and trading settlements along the coast of present-day Qatar. 1867 - Conflict
with neighbouring Bahrain over territorial claims; Doha is all but destroyed.

Seeds of independence are sown when Britain signs a treaty which recognises Qatar as a separate entity, rather than
a dependency of Bahrain.

1871-1913 - Turkish Ottoman forces establish a garrison at the emir's invitation.

1916 - Deal signed under which Britain controls Qatar's external affairs in return for guaranteeing its protection.

Oil discovered

1939 - Oil reserves discovered. Exploitation is delayed by World War II, but oil comes to replace pearling and
fishing as Qatar's main source of revenue.

1952 Qatar’s Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani was born. The population of Qatar at this time was
     under 40,000. In 1995 he ousted his father in a bloodless coup.
       Links: Qatar



1971 Qatar declared independence from Britain.
Sep Links: Qatar, Britain
3


1971 The world’s biggest known gas field was discovered in Qatar. Faisal Al Suwaidi (b.1954), head of
     Qatargas, later began construction of Ras Lafan gas plant to liquefy the gas for export. The plant,
     the largest man-made structure in centuries, was to be finished in 2010.
       Links: Qatar, Gas




1981 Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1918-2004), United Arab Emirates President, urged in 5 other
May Arab monarchies (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia) to form the Gulf Cooperation
25   Council. The unified economic agreement between the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council
     was signed on 11 November 1981 in Riyadh.
       Links: Qatar, UAR, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman


1995 In Qatar Sheik Hamad Bin Khalifa al-Thani (45) replaces his father, Sheik Khalifa Bin Hamad al-
Jun Thani, as emir. The new Emir soon abolished the information ministry that controlled newspapers
     and broadcasting. Sheik Hamad also gave women the right to vote and introduced satellite
     television.
       Links: Qatar




1999 Qatari women were allowed to vote and stand as candidates for municipal councils for the 1st time.
2000 Six Persian Gulf nations (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab
Dec Emirates) signed a regional defense pact.
31   Links: Qatar, UAR, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman




2001 The Al-Jazeera TV network from Qatar showed video footage of Osama bin Laden praising Allah
Oct for the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
7    Links: Qatar, USA, al-Qaida, Afghan




      2004 Qataris voted on their first permanent constitution.
      Links: Qatar

				
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