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The Ancient Egyptians (PowerPoint)

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The Ancient Egyptians (PowerPoint) Powered By Docstoc
					        Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,
              NY
A View of Egypt by Satellite
   Compare Egypt’s population density map to Egypt’s
              physical geography map.


Population Density          Compare and Contrast
  What conclusion can you
come to about the relationship
 between Egypt’s population
  and the Nile River (Please
   answer using complete
         sentences)?
The Fertile Nile Valley
The Annual Flooding of the
          Nile
Pros and Cons of the Nile River
Blessing of the Nile River   Tree Map: Pros & Cons
The Nile
River
What is
unique about
the Nile
River?
Please
complete the
bubble map.
Nile Irrigation-the Shaduf
Shaduf
1. Was the Nile River predictable?
2. Why is it’s predictability
important?
3. What did the ancient Egyptians
do to harness the power of the
Nile?
4. How long is the Nile River?
5. What did the Nile River deposit
that made the land more fertile?
6. What is a Shaduf?
7. How is it made?
8. How does it work?
9. How did it make life easier for the
Egyptians?
10. Make up one question about
the movie.
 Ancient Egyptian History
     Periods             Time Frame
Nile Culture Begins      3900 B. C. E.
      Archaic         3100 – 2650 B. C. E.
   Old Kingdom        2650 – 2134 B. C. E.
 Middle Kingdom       2040 – 1640 B. C. E.
   New Kingdom        1550 – 1070 B. C. E.
    Late Period         750 – 332 B. C. E.
Greek Ptolemaic Era      332 – 30 B. C. E.
   Roman Period       30 B. C. E. – 395 C. E.
Ancient Egyptian History
  Periods         Time Frame
    1.            3900 B. C. E.
  Archaic               2.
    3.         2650 – 2134 B. C. E.
    4.         2040 – 1640 B. C. E.
    5.         1550 – 1070 B. C. E.
 Late Period             6.
      7.          332 – 30 B. C. E.
      8.       30 B. C. E. – 395 C. E.
Menes:              Unifier of Upper & Lower
                      Egypt




 c. 3050 B. C. E.
        ?
 TLC
Please list 20
facts from the
video. You
must write
your facts
using
complete
sentences.
             Old Kingdom
• The Old Kingdom is the first of the three
  kingdoms and spanned about 500 years
  from approximately 2650-2150 BC.
• The Old Kingdom was Egypt’s peak in
  wealth and creativity. All of the pyramids
  were built during the Old Kingdom.
  Some scholars believe that the first
  pyramid was made around 2815 BC.
How were the pyramids built?
         Some theories . . .
• Some people believe Hebrew slaves were
  used
• Some people believe they were built with
  ramps, hang-gliders or a variety of other
  methods
• A select few even believe Aliens made them.
  Others believe Egyptians made their own
  pyramids
• We now know that Egyptians made the
  pyramids themselves
             Pharaohs
• Egyptian kings were called
  Pharaohs. They were so powerful
  that they were considered to be even
  more than kings. Pharaohs were
  worshipped as gods.
• There was no end to the power that
  an Egyptian Pharaoh had. Anything
  he said went, and it didn’t matter
  what anyone else thought or did.
            Dynastic Rule
• The Old Kingdom was ruled by six
  different dynasties. A dynasty means a
  ruling family, if there are at least three
  generations of kings from one family they
  become a dynasty.
• The dynasties depended on the Nile river
  and its annual floods for prosperity, near
  the end of the old kingdom the Nile’s
  floods stopped, and so did Egypt’s
  prosperity.
  First Intermediate Period (2134-
              2040 BC)
• The Nile’s un-cooperation led to what is
  known as an “intermediate period”
  which means that it was neither a part
  of the Old nor the Middle Kingdom, but
  a transitional time that led to the Middle
  Kingdom.
• Egypt had very little prosperity during
  this time and poverty began to spread.
 Middle Kingdom (2040-1640 BC)

• The Middle Kingdom begins when
  Mentuhotep II became pharaoh. He was
  much more powerful and capable than
  the Heracleopolitan pharaohs he
  overthrew.
• Egypt was finally able to be prosperous
  again.
• The capital of Egypt moved from
  Memphis to a city known as Thebes.
    Pharaohs become less
          Powerful
• While Pharaohs were still very
  powerful, more power was placed
  in the hands of smaller
  administrators such as governors.
• The view of Pharaohs as gods
  was diminishing (fading away).
  Even statues of pharaohs looked
  more like young men or boys and
  less like gods.
        Hyksos Take Over
• Pharaohs near the end of the Middle
  Kingdom got a bit lazy and were too
  concerned with themselves to notice an
  influx of immigrants from other
  countries.
• Before they knew it, they were
  challenged and overtaken. They were
  overthrown by an Asian group known as
  the Hyksos. They controlled Egypt for
  about 100 years.
The Hyksos
  New Kingdom (1540-1070)

• After 100 years of trying to expel
  the Hyksos, the Egyptians were
  finally victorious under King
  Ahmose. But this fighting within
  Egyptian boundaries left them
  wanting more land. The New
  Kingdom was Egypt’s greatest days
  of expansion.
              Expansion
• Egyptian pharaohs began to go beyond
  their borders, conquering other smaller
  and weaker civilizations. They then took
  over their land.
• By the end of the reign of King Thutmosis
  III, the boundaries of the New Kingdom
  was more than twice the size of the
  Middle Kingdom land.
Ancient Egyptian Housing
               Middle Class
               Homes




  Peasant
   Homes
Scenes of Ancient Egyptian
        Daily Life
                  Daily Life

• http://www.mnsu.ed
  u/emuseum/prehisto
  ry/egypt/dailylife/dail
  ylife.html
Making Ancient Egyptian Wine
Egyptian Social Hierarchy
      Some Famous Egyptian
            Pharaohs
                  Tutankham
                      on
                  1336-1327 B. C.
                        E.




 Thutmose
    III
1504-1450 B. C.
      E.
                                     Ramses II
                                    1279-1212 B. C.
                                          E.
Egyptian Nobility
Egyptian Priestly Class
Egyptian Scribe
     Papyrus  Paper


                Hieratic Scroll
                    Piece

Papyrus Plant
          Papyrus & Paper
Papyrus           Paper
Double-
Bubble
Compare
and
Contrast
paper and
papyrus
How does one make papyrus


1. gather papyrus reeds
2. cut off the outside bark
3. cut the reed into strips
4. soak the strips in water
5. criss cross two layers of strips
6. pound the wet strips into paper
Egyptian Math & Draftsmenship


1   10 100 1000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000


                       What number is this?
Champollion & the Rosetta
         Stone
Hieroglyphic
“Cartouche”
Hieroglyphics “Alphabet”
 24 “letters” + 700 phonetic symbols
   Create your own alphabet


• For each letter of our alphabet create
  your own letter.
• Write a one sentence message using
  only your new language.
Egyptian Gods & Goddesses:
   “The Sacred ‘Trinity’”




  Osiris    Isis     Horus
 Preparations for the Underworld


                    ANUBIS weighs the
                    dead person’s heart
                    against a feather.



Priests protected
your KA, or soul-
spirit
Materials Used in Mummification




      1.   Linen       6. Natron
      2.   Sawdust   7. Onion
      3.   Lichen     8. Nile Mud
      4.   Beeswax    9. Linen Pads
      5.   Resin     10.
Preparation for
   the Afterlife
         Egyptian Mummies




     Seti I                                   Ramses II
1291-1278 B. C. E.   Queen Tiye, wife       1279-1212 B. C. E.
                     of Amenhotep II
                       1210-1200 B. C. E.
 Journey to the Underworld

                   The dead travel
                   on the “Solar
                   Bark.”




  A boat for the
      journey is
  provided for a
dead pharaoh in
       his tomb.
Egyptian Book of the Dead
         The Final Judgement




           Anubis     Horus
Osiris
Shabtis: The Pharaoh’s
              Servants
         in the Afterlife
Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara
       The influence of Sumer
Ziggurat of Ur    Pyramid of Egypt
“Bent” Pyramid of King
       Sneferu
Giza Pyramid Complex
Plan of the Great Pyramid
         of Khufu
The Valley of the Kings
Archaeologist, Howard Carter
           (1922)
Carter’s Discovery
Entrance to King “Tut’s” Tomb
King Tutankhamon’s Death
          Mask




         1336-1327 B. C.
               E.
King Tutankhamon
King Tutankhamun’s Tomb
Treasures From Tut’s Tomb
 The Valley of the Queens




1473-1458 B. C.   Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
      E.
Ankhenaton: First Monotheist?




                     1352-1336 B. C.
                           E.
The Ankh – The “Cross” of
          Life
Queen
Nefertiti
       Abu Simbel:
   Monument to Ramses II




1279-1213 B. C.
      E.
Who Are These Strange
      People?
Routes of the “Sea
    Peoples”




  The end of the Bronze Age!
 Essay: What Egyptian invention has had
the greatest impact on the modern world?


•   Tree Map
•   Check with a partner
•   Rough Draft (4 paragraphs)
•   Final Draft (4 paragraphs)

				
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posted:2/17/2012
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