WS4 Bio answers by mnQS4mt

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									Biology Worksheet

Module 4 – Kingdom Fungi

                                     Review of Important Terms
1    reproduction                           Criteria for life dealing with the continuation of the
                                            species, parent (s) having offspring
2    DNA                                    Criteria for life dealing with the information needed to
                                            turn lifeless chemicals into a biological entity
3    energy                                 Criteria for life dealing with acquiring resources like food
                                            and converting that food into power that sustains life
4    sensing                                Criteria for life dealing with the ability to detect external
                                            and internal conditions for the organism
5    metabolism                             Organisms use this process to convert energy and matter
                                            into energy and matter that sustains life
6    anabolism                              Organisms perform ... to convert energy and simple
                                            chemical building blocks into large chemicals and
                                            structures that sustains life
7    catabolism                             Organism perform ... to break down chemicals to produce
                                            energy and simple chemical building blocks
8    photosynthesis                         The process of converting solar energy and simple
                                            chemicals into food
9    chemosynthesis                         The process of converting energy from chemical reactions
                                            and simple chemicals into food
10   DNA, ribosomes                         Structures visible in a prokaryotic cell

11   Nucleus, F vacuole, C vacuole           Structures visible in a eukaryotic cell

12   1 Kingdom, 2 Phylum, 3 Class, 4         The seven level of our biological classification system
     Order, 5 Family, 6 Genus, 7 Species
13   F – there are sub categories            T / F: There is no classification level between Kingdom
                                             and Phylum.
14   F                                       T / F: Ignoring subcategories, there is no classification
                                             level between class and family
15   Monera                                  Name the kingdom that contains prokaryotic organisms

16   Protista                                Name the kingdom that contains eukaryotic
                                             microorganisms
17   Protozoa                                Name the subkingdom of kingdom Protista that contains
                                             heterotrophic microorganisms
18   Algae                                   Name the subkingdom of kingdom Protista that contains
                                             autotrophic microorganisms
19   logistic growth                         The situation where the increase in the population of
                                             bacteria is controlled by limited resources
20   exponential growth                      The situation where bacterial population increase is
                                             unhindered because of abundant resources




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Biology Worksheet


                                   General Characteristics of Fungi
21   heterotrophic saprophytes (some         Do not produce their own food and primarily feed on the
     parasitic)                              remains of dead organisms
22   Extracellular digestion                 Digestion takes place outside the cell

23   spore formation                         This type of reproduction is common to all fungi

24   T                                       T / F: Multicellular fungi form a specialized structure to
                                             produce spores
25   multicellular                           Are most fungi unicellular or multicellular?

26   mycelium                                What is the largest part of a fungus’s body?

27   mycelium                                What part of the fungus is responsible for extracellular
                                             digestion and the absorption of digested food?
28   T                                       T/ F: The cytoplasm of fungal cells are all connected by
                                             pores in the wall or the absence of cell walls
29   chitin                                  Most fungi have ... in their cell wall which gives
                                             toughness and flexibility
30   Septate hypha                           Individual fungal cells that are separated by a cell wall

31   Nonseptate hypha                        Fungal hyphae that looks like one big cell with many
                                             nuclei; not separated by a cell walls


                                     Different Kinds of Hyphae
32   Hypha (plural hyphae)                   A filament of fungal cells

33   Rhizoid hypha                           Hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the
                                             fungus grows
34   Aerial hypha                            Hypha that is not imbedded in the material on which the
                                             fungus grows
35   Sporophore                              Specialized aerial hypha that produces spores

36   Stolon                                  An aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more
                                             filaments
37   Sporangiophore                          When a sporophore forms inside an enclosure

38   Conidiophore                            When a sporophore forms, but not inside an enclosure

39   Haustorium                              A hypha of a parasitic fungus that enters the host’s cells,
                                             absorbing nutrition directly from the host cytoplasm




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Biology Worksheet

                                Phyla in Kingdom Fungi ( ...mycota)
     Prefix                   Sexual Reproduction     Spore Characteristics
40   Basidio...               Yes                     club-shaped basidia

41   Asco...                  Yes                           sac-shaped asci

42   Zygo...                  Yes                           hyphae fuse

43   Chytridio...             Yes (assumed)                 spores with flagella

44   Deutero...               unknown

45   Myxo...                  Yes (assumed)                 like protozoa much of its life



46 F                                             T / F: The mycelium is similar in function to roots
                                                 commonly found in members of kingdom plantae
47 T                                             T / F: Fungi can reproduce both sexually and asexually

48 T                                             T / F: The formation of fruiting bodies is the result of
                                                 sexual reproduction between compatible hyphae
49 T                                             T / F: The formation of circular fairy rings is a
                                                 consequence of logistic growth
50 1 mycelia, 2 fuse, 3 membrane,4 button,       Six stages of mushroom life cycle
   5 stipe & cap (with gills), 6 basidiospores


51 budding                                       A form of asexual reproduction available to yeast from
                                                 phylum Ascomycota
52 Fermentation                                  The anaerobic breakdown of sugars into smaller
                                                 molecules
53 Distillation                                  A method of increasing the concentration of alcohol
                                                 when you have a mixture of water and alcohol
54 alcohol, carbon dioxide                       When yeasts perform fermentation, which causes bread
                                                 dough to rise, it releases a chemical and a gas ...
55 ozone                                         The alcohol produced by fermentation can react with
                                                 things in the air to make ... a poisonous gas
56 Zygospore                                     A zygote that is surrounded by a hard, protective
                                                 covering
57 Zygote                                        The result of sexual reproduction when each parent
                                                 contributes half of the DNA necessary for the offspring
58 Chytrids                                      Single-celled fungi from phylum chytridiomycota that
                                                 inhabit muddy or aquatic areas
59 antibiotic                                    A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or
                                                 reduces the reproduction rate of other organisms

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Biology Worksheet

60 penicillin                            A antibiotic produced from blue mold that can kill
                                         bacteria associated with many human illnesses
61 immune                                Bacteria that are no longer affected by the presence of
                                         antibiotic intended to destroy them


   Fungi Phyla       Description                             Examples/Comments
62 Basidiomycota     saprophytic                             Mushrooms, puffballs, shelf fungi

63 Ascomycota        single-cell, multi-celled               cup fungi, morel, yeast

64 Zygomycota        zygospore                               Bread mold

65 Chytridiomycota   saprophytic, spores have flagella       potato wart

66 Deuteromycota     Imperfect fungi                         Penicillium

67 Myxomycota        Reproduce like fungi, but behave        Slime molds
                     like protists when they feed.




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