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Addiction Recognizing the Problem

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					Addiction: Recognizing the
Problem
 Addiction is one of the most costly public health
  problems in the United States.
 It is a progressive syndrome, which means that it
  increases in severity over time unless it is treated.
 Substance abuse is characterized by frequent
  relapse, or return to the abused substance.
 Substance abusers often make repeated attempts
 to quit before they are successful
Addiction
 The first step in getting help with an addiction is to
  recognize that a problem exists
 Sometimes it is the people close to the addict or
  alcoholic who first recognize the problem or it
  could be the addict himself or herself.
 In either case there are clear-cut warning signs of
  addiction
Warning Signs
 Continual concern about where the next “fix” drink or
  pill, for example will come from
 Choosing friends who can supply the addictive
  substance
 Changes in appearance or personal habits
 Irritability, nervousness, personality changes or mood
  swings
 Violent behavior
 Black-outs
 Needing increasing amounts of a substance to feel
  “normal”
Phase of Addiction
 Early Phase/Use
    Thinks about alcohol
    Talks to all their friends about how much fun they had
     using alcohol
    Want to go out and drink again
    Talks more about getting drunk with friends
    When they go out with friends all they want to do is
     drink
    Feels good when drinking
    Jealous if friends drink without them
    Feels alone when he/she is not drinking
Phases of Addiction
 Middle Phase/ ABUSE
   Depends on alcohol for a social life
   Won’t go to a party without drinking
   Spends more free time drinking alcohol
   Friends warn them that they are drinking too much
   Family sets rules for he/she to stop drinking
   Grades start to fall
   Skips school to drink
   Gets depressed when not drinking
   Participates in risky behaviors
Phases of Addiction
  Late Phase/ADDICTION
     Relies on alcohol for self esteem
     Depends on alcohol for social support
     Unreasonable fear of loss
     Loses friends because they try to get them to stop
      drinking, now they drink alone
     Family threatens to send them away to drug treatment
      facility
     Gets suspend/expulsion from school because of alcohol
     Total life revolves around alcohol/next drink
     Experiences withdrawal symptoms when not drinking
     Gets into accidents, injuries to self and may injure other
      due to alcohol
The Slide into Addiction
 First use or occasional use
 Occasional trouble with the drug
 Regular use of the drug
 Multiple drug use
 Increasing dependency
 Total dependency
Intervention
 Is the interruption of the addiction continuum before
    the addict or alcoholic hits bottom
   Consists of meeting between family members or other
    significant people in the addicts life and a drug
    counselor
   These take place without the addict knowing
   The next step is a surprise meeting with the addict that
    forces the person to face the seriousness of his or her
    addiction.
   There is a plan for immediate treatment after the
    meeting takes place
The Recovery Continuum
 Recovery means learning to live an alcohol free or drug free
    life.
   It is a process that happens over time
   A recovering person never says, “I am cured”, but rather “ I
    am recovering”
   It is an on-going, lifelong process.
   It happens at different rates and in different ways for
    different people.
   Many will remain drug free, but RELAPSES, slips from
    recovery, or periodic returns to drinking and drug use,
    occur.
   No matter how many times a person relapses, RECOVERY
    is always there
Recovery Continuum
 Detoxification- the removal of all drugs from the body
   This should take place under medical supervision
   Involves restoring the person’s mental health and
    learning to build healthy relationships
   Total ABSTINENCE from mood-altering drugs including
    alcohol
Treatment Options
 Support Groups- group of people who share a
 common problem and work together to help one
 another.
   Meetings are help frequently an all over the world
   Meetings are confidential and members can remain
    anonymous because no one gives last name and its FREE
       AA, CA, NA
Treatment
 Alcohol and Drug Treatment Centers
    Many specialize in treating teenagers with addictions
    Either privately owned, or state and community
     alcoholism and mental health clinics
    Since drug and alcohol dependence are considered
     disease, some health insurance plans may cover at least
     some of the cost
        Detox Units
        In-patient Treatment
        Out-patient Treatment
        Continuing Programs
        Halfway Houses
Families dealing with Addiction
 When someone in a family has a drug dependency,
  other members of the family must learn to cope with
  the addict’s problems.
 There are many Support groups for people involved in
  the lives of alcoholics and other drug addicts
   AL-ANON- worldwide self-help for people who are close
    to alcoholics
   It focuses on detachment or pulling back form the
    involvement in someone else’s addiction
   ALATEEN- support program for people ages 12 to 20
    whose parent, other family members, or friends having
    drinking problems

				
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